Valid HTML 4.0! Valid CSS!
%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "1.03",
%%%     date            = "20 March 2020",
%%%     time            = "09:38:35 MDT",
%%%     filename        = "cacm2020.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     checksum        = "17237 1640 6522 65530",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "bibliography, BibTeX, CACM, Communications of
%%%                        the ACM",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a COMPLETE bibliography of
%%%                        Communications of the ACM (CODEN CACMA2, ISSN
%%%                        0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)),
%%%                        covering the decade 2020--2029.
%%%
%%%                        The ACM maintains Web pages with journal
%%%                        tables of contents for 1985--date at:
%%%
%%%                            http://dl.acm.org/magazine/cacm
%%%                            http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/
%%%                            http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79
%%%                            https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm
%%%
%%%                        At version 1.03, the COMPLETE year coverage
%%%                        looked like this:
%%%
%%%                             2020 (  61)
%%%
%%%                             Article:         61
%%%
%%%                             Total entries:   61
%%%
%%%                        The size of the original cacm.bib file
%%%                        covering 1958--1996 became too large (about
%%%                        4000 entries) for BibTeX and TeX to handle,
%%%                        so at version 1.44, it was split into
%%%                        cacm1950.bib, cacm1960.bib, cacm1970.bib,
%%%                        cacm1980.bib, and cacm1990.bib, each covering
%%%                        the decade starting with the year embedded in
%%%                        the filename.  Version numbers for these
%%%                        files begin at 2.00.
%%%
%%%                        Volumes from the 1990s average more than 200
%%%                        articles yearly, so a complete bibliography
%%%                        for this journal could contain more than 6000
%%%                        entries from 1958 to 2000.
%%%
%%%                        These bibliographies also include ACM
%%%                        Algorithms 1--492.  For Algorithms 493--686,
%%%                        including Algorithm 568, published in ACM
%%%                        Transactions on Programming Languages and
%%%                        Systems (TOPLAS), see the companion
%%%                        bibliographies, toms.bib and toplas.bib.
%%%
%%%                        All published Remarks and Corrigenda are
%%%                        cross-referenced in both directions, so
%%%                        that citing a paper will automatically
%%%                        generate citations for those Remarks and
%%%                        Corrigenda.  Cross-referenced entries are
%%%                        duplicated in cacm19*.bib and toms.bib, so
%%%                        that each is completely self-contained.
%%%
%%%                        Source code for ACM Algorithms from 380
%%%                        onwards, with some omissions, is available
%%%                        via the Netlib service at
%%%                        http://netlib.ornl.gov/, and
%%%                        ftp://netlib.bell-labs.com/netlib/toms.
%%%
%%%                        There is a World Wide Web search facility
%%%                        for articles published in this journal from
%%%                        1959 to 1979 at
%%%                        http://ciir.cs.umass.edu/cgi-bin/web_query_form/public/cacm2.1.
%%%
%%%                        The journal's Web site data has been
%%%                        automatically converted to BibTeX form,
%%%                        corrected for spelling and page number
%%%                        errors, and merged into this file.  Thus, the
%%%                        journal coverage from 1985 to date should be
%%%                        complete.
%%%
%%%                        The initial draft of entries for 1981--1990
%%%                        was extracted from the ACM Computing Archive
%%%                        CD ROM for the 1980s, with manual corrections
%%%                        and additions.  Additions were then made from
%%%                        all of the bibliographies in the TeX User
%%%                        Group collection, from bibliographies in the
%%%                        author's personal files, from tables of
%%%                        contents information at
%%%                        http://www.acm.org/pubs/cacm/, from
%%%                        Zentralblatt fur Mathematik Mathematics
%%%                        Abstracts at
%%%                        http://www.emis.de/cgi-bin/MATH/, from
%%%                        bibliographies at Internet host
%%%                        netlib.bell-labs.com, and from the computer science
%%%                        bibliography collection on ftp.ira.uka.de in
%%%                        /pub/bibliography to which many people of
%%%                        have contributed.  The snapshot of this
%%%                        collection was taken on 5-May-1994, and it
%%%                        consists of 441 BibTeX files, 2,672,675
%%%                        lines, 205,289 entries, and 6,375
%%%                        <at>String{} abbreviations, occupying 94.8MB
%%%                        of disk space.
%%%
%%%                        Numerous errors in the sources noted above
%%%                        have been corrected.   Spelling has been
%%%                        verified with the UNIX spell and GNU ispell
%%%                        programs using the exception dictionary
%%%                        stored in the companion file with extension
%%%                        .sok.
%%%
%%%                        BibTeX citation tags are uniformly chosen
%%%                        as name:year:abbrev, where name is the
%%%                        family name of the first author or editor,
%%%                        year is a 4-digit number, and abbrev is a
%%%                        3-letter condensation of important title
%%%                        words. Citation tags were automatically
%%%                        generated by software developed for the
%%%                        BibNet Project.
%%%
%%%                        In this bibliography, entries are sorted in
%%%                        publication order within each journal,
%%%                        using bibsort -byvolume.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
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%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================
@Preamble{
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%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:
@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:
@String{j-CACM                  = "Communications of the ACM"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries (cross-references in notes may necessitate
%%% inclusion of a few additional entries published elsewhere):
@Article{Chien:2020:ELC,
  author =       "Andrew A. Chien",
  title =        "{Editor}'s letter: Cracks in open collaboration in
                 universities",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--5",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3374766",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3374766",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Vardi:2020:DPP,
  author =       "Moshe Y. Vardi",
  title =        "Departments: Publish and perish",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "7--7",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3373386",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3373386",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Meyer:2020:BSS,
  author =       "Bertrand Meyer",
  title =        "{BLOG@CACM}: In search of the shortest possible
                 schedule",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "8--9",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3371385",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3371385",
  abstract =     "The Communications Web site, http://cacm.acm.org,
                 features more than a dozen bloggers in the BLOG@CACM
                 community. In each issue of Communications, we'll
                 publish selected posts or excerpts.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Klarreich:2020:NMH,
  author =       "Erica Klarreich",
  title =        "News: Multiplication hits the speed limit",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "11--13",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3371387",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3371387",
  abstract =     "A problem ``around since antiquity'' may have been
                 resolved by a new algorithm.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Kugler:2020:NHI,
  author =       "Logan Kugler",
  title =        "News: How the {Internet} Spans the globe",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "14--16",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3371411",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3371411",
  abstract =     "The modern Internet is made possible by hundreds of
                 thousands of miles of undersea cables.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Greengard:2020:NWD,
  author =       "Samuel Greengard",
  title =        "News: Will deepfakes do deep damage?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "17--19",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3371409",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3371409",
  abstract =     "The ability to produce fake videos that appear
                 amazingly real is here. Researchers are now developing
                 ways to detect and prevent them.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Joh:2020:LTI,
  author =       "Elizabeth E. Joh",
  title =        "Law and technology: Increasing automation in
                 policing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "20--22",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3372912",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3372912",
  abstract =     "Seeking the delicate balance between civil liberties
                 and policing public safety.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Cusumano:2020:TSM,
  author =       "Michael A. Cusumano",
  title =        "Technology strategy and management: `Platformizing' a
                 bad business does not make it a good business",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "23--25",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3372918",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3372918",
  abstract =     "Transaction platforms link third-party applications
                 and services providers with users.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Haigh:2020:HRN,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh and Mark Priestley",
  title =        "Historical reflections: {von Neumann} thought
                 {Turing}'s universal machine was `simple and neat.':
                 but that didn't tell him how to design a computer",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "26--32",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3372920",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/turing-alan-mathison.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3372920",
  abstract =     "New discoveries answer an old question.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Himmelreich:2020:VET,
  author =       "Johannes Himmelreich",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Ethics of technology needs more political
                 philosophy",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "33--35",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3339905",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3339905",
  abstract =     "Incorporating considerations of reasonable pluralism,
                 individual agency, and legitimate authority.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Davis:2020:VSW,
  author =       "James W. Davis and Jeff Hachtel",
  title =        "Viewpoint: {A*} search: what's in a name?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--37",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3326600",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3326600",
  abstract =     "A search for algorithmic answers returns unique
                 results.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Sha:2020:REA,
  author =       "Sanjay Sha",
  title =        "The reliability of enterprise applications",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "38--45",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3369756",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3369756",
  abstract =     "Understanding enterprise reliability.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Ruoti:2020:BTW,
  author =       "Scott Ruoti and Ben Kaiser and Arkady Yerukhimovich
                 and Jeremy Clark and Robert Cunningham",
  title =        "Blockchain technology: what is it good for?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "46--53",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3369752",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bitcoin.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3369752",
  abstract =     "Industry's dreams and fears for this new technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Helland:2020:STD,
  author =       "Pat Helland",
  title =        "Space time discontinuum",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "54--56",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3369744",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3369744",
  abstract =     "Combining data from many sources may cause painful
                 delays.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Bagchi:2020:DEC,
  author =       "Saurabh Bagchi and Muhammad-Bilal Siddiqui and Paul
                 Wood and Heng Zhang",
  title =        "Dependability in edge computing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "58--66",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3362068",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3362068",
  abstract =     "Edge computing holds great promise, and almost as many
                 challenges in deployment.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Du:2020:TIM,
  author =       "Mengnan Du and Ninghao Liu and Xia Hu",
  title =        "Techniques for interpretable machine learning",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "68--77",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3359786",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3359786",
  abstract =     "Uncovering the mysterious ways machine learning models
                 make decisions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Rajsbaum:2020:MCC,
  author =       "Sergio Rajsbaum and Michel Raynal",
  title =        "Mastering concurrent computing through sequential
                 thinking",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--87",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3363823",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3363823",
  abstract =     "A 50-year history of concurrency.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Guzdial:2020:TPT,
  author =       "Mark Guzdial",
  title =        "Technical perspective: Is there a geek gene?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "90--90",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3372157",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3372157",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Patitsas:2020:ECS,
  author =       "Elizabeth Patitsas and Jesse Berlin and Michelle Craig
                 and Steve Easterbrook",
  title =        "Evidence that computer science grades are not
                 bimodal",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "91--98",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3372161",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3372161",
  abstract =     "Although it has never been rigorously demonstrated,
                 there is a common belief that grades in computer
                 science courses are bimodal. We statistically analyzed
                 778 distributions of final course grades from a large
                 research university and found that only 5.8\%
                 \ldots{}",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Shasha:2020:LBF,
  author =       "Dennis Shasha",
  title =        "Last byte: Feedback for foxes",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "104--ff",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3372389",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 2 16:41:05 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3372389",
  abstract =     "Searching for the best strategy for shifty
                 maneuvers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Pancake:2020:ELS,
  author =       "Cherri M. Pancake",
  title =        "{Editor}'s letter: Start small, then achieve big
                 impact",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "5--5",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3377932",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3377932",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Cerf:2020:CD,
  author =       "Vinton G. Cerf",
  title =        "{Cerf}'s up: On durability",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "7--7",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3377424",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3377424",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Guzdial:2020:SUS,
  author =       "Mark Guzdial",
  title =        "Sizing the {U.S.} student cohort for computer
                 science",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "10--11",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3374764",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3374764",
  abstract =     "The Communications Web site, http://cacm.acm.org,
                 features more than a dozen bloggers in the
                 [email\&#160;protected] community. In each issue of
                 Communications, we'll publish selected posts or
                 excerpts. twitter Follow us on Twitter at
                 http://twitter.com/blogCACM http://. \ldots{}",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Edwards:2020:NLT,
  author =       "Chris Edwards",
  title =        "News: Learning to trust quantum computers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "13--15",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3374874",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3374874",
  abstract =     "They need to show us they can solve the biggest
                 problems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Marks:2020:NDW,
  author =       "Paul Marks",
  title =        "News: Dark web's doppelg{\"a}ngers aim to dupe
                 antifraud systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "16--18",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3374878",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3374878",
  abstract =     "Digital doppelg{\"a}ngers that fool online payment
                 fraud detection systems are a threat to your bank
                 balance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Kirkpatrick:2020:NTS,
  author =       "Keith Kirkpatrick",
  title =        "News: Tracking shoppers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "19--21",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3374876",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3374876",
  abstract =     "Retailers of all stripes are using technology to
                 follow consumers through their brick-and-mortar stores
                 in order to develop detailed profiles of their shopping
                 habits and preferences.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Iglesias:2020:GCW,
  author =       "Carlos Iglesias and Dhanaraj Thakur and Michael L.
                 Best",
  title =        "Global computing: Are we losing momentum?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22--24",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3376125",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3376125",
  abstract =     "Estimating when the second half of the world will come
                 online.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Leveson:2020:IRY,
  author =       "Nancy Leveson",
  title =        "Inside risks: Are you sure your software will not kill
                 anyone?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "25--28",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3376127",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3376127",
  abstract =     "Using software to control potentially unsafe systems
                 requires the use of new software and system engineering
                 approaches.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Neville-Neil:2020:KVN,
  author =       "George V. Neville-Neil",
  title =        "Kode Vicious: Numbers are for computers, strings are
                 for humans",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "29--30",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3376630",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3376630",
  abstract =     "How and where software should translate data into a
                 human-readable form.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Hsu:2020:VWH,
  author =       "Yen-Chia Hsu and Illah Nourbakhsh",
  title =        "Viewpoint: When human-computer interaction meets
                 community citizen science",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "31--34",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3376892",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3376892",
  abstract =     "Empowering communities through citizen science.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Kussmaul:2020:VGS,
  author =       "Clif Kussmaul",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Guiding students to develop essential
                 skills",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "35--37",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3376893",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3376893",
  abstract =     "Students should interact with one another to practice
                 skills and construct their own understanding, with
                 assistance from a teacher acting as a coach and
                 guide---not a lecturer.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Frazelle:2020:OBM,
  author =       "Jessie Frazelle",
  title =        "Opening up the baseboard management controller",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "38--40",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3369758",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3369758",
  abstract =     "If the CPU is the brain of the board, the BMC is the
                 brain stem.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Godbolt:2020:OCC,
  author =       "Matt Godbolt",
  title =        "Optimizations in {C++} compilers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "41--49",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3369754",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3369754",
  abstract =     "A practical journey.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Bianchini:2020:TMC,
  author =       "Ricardo Bianchini and Marcus Fontoura and Eli Cortez
                 and Anand Bonde and Alexandre Muzio and Ana-Maria
                 Constantin and Thomas Moscibroda and Gabriel Magalhaes
                 and Girish Bablani and Mark Russinovich",
  title =        "Toward {ML}-centric cloud platforms",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "50--59",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3364684",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3364684",
  abstract =     "Exploring the opportunities to use ML, the possible
                 designs, and our experience with Microsoft Azure.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Olsson:2020:DPS,
  author =       "Thomas Olsson and Jukka Huhtam{\"a}ki and Hannu
                 K{\"a}rkk{\"a}inen",
  title =        "Directions for professional social matching systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "60--69",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3363825",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3363825",
  abstract =     "Future PSM systems will require diversity-enhancing
                 yet contextually sensitive designs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Godefroid:2020:FHA,
  author =       "Patrice Godefroid",
  title =        "Fuzzing: hack, art, and science",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "70--76",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3363824",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3363824",
  abstract =     "Reviewing software testing techniques for finding
                 security vulnerabilities.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Gruteser:2020:TPL,
  author =       "Marco Gruteser",
  title =        "Technical perspective: Lighting the way to visual
                 privacy",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3375569",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3375569",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Zhu:2020:AVP,
  author =       "Shilin Zhu and Chi Zhang and Xinyu Zhang",
  title =        "Automating visual privacy protection using a smart
                 {LED}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "81--89",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3375571",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3375571",
  abstract =     "The ubiquity of mobile camera devices has been
                 triggering an outcry of privacy concerns, whereas
                 existing privacy protection solutions still rely on the
                 cooperation of the photographer or camera hardware,
                 which can hardly be enforced in practice. In \ldots{}",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Hoffmann:2020:LBE,
  author =       "Leah Hoffmann",
  title =        "Last byte: `Everything fails all the time'",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "96--ff",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3374762",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 27 08:32:14 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3374762",
  abstract =     "Werner Vogels, an expert on ultra-scalable systems,
                 talks about listening to customers, reconceptualizing
                 the stack, and building a product-centered culture.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Vardi:2020:DAC,
  author =       "Moshe Y. Vardi",
  title =        "Departments: Advancing computing as a science and
                 profession: but to what end?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "5--5",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3381047",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3381047",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Staff:2020:LEC,
  author =       "CACM Staff",
  title =        "Letters to the editor: Conferences and carbon impact",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--7",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3380448",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3380448",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Hill:2020:CV,
  author =       "Robin K. Hill",
  title =        "Coding for voting",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "8--9",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3379491",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3379491",
  abstract =     "The Communications Web site, http://cacm.acm.org,
                 features more than a dozen bloggers in the
                 [email\&#160;protected] community. In each issue of
                 Communications, we'll publish selected posts or
                 excerpts. twitter Follow us on Twitter at
                 http://twitter.com/blogCACM http:. \ldots{}",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Greengard:2020:NCN,
  author =       "Samuel Greengard",
  title =        "News: Can nanosheet transistors keep {Moore}'s law
                 alive?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "10--12",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3379493",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3379493",
  abstract =     "The technology promises to advance semiconductors and
                 computing, but also introduces new questions and
                 challenges.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Monroe:2020:NAH,
  author =       "Don Monroe",
  title =        "News: Algorithms to harvest the wind",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "13--14",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3379497",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3379497",
  abstract =     "Wake steering can help ever-larger turbines work
                 together more efficiently on wind farms.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Kirkpatrick:2020:NAL,
  author =       "Keith Kirkpatrick",
  title =        "News: Across the language barrier",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "15--17",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3379495",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3379495",
  abstract =     "Translation devices are getting better at making
                 speech and text understandable in different
                 languages.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Lachney:2020:ECC,
  author =       "Michael Lachney and Aman Yadav",
  title =        "Education: Computing and community in formal
                 education",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "18--21",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3379918",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3379918",
  abstract =     "Culturally responsive computing repurposes computer
                 science education by making it meaningful to not only
                 students, but also to their families and communities.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Denning:2020:PID,
  author =       "Peter J. Denning and Dorothy E. Denning",
  title =        "The profession of {IT}: Dilemmas of artificial
                 intelligence",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "22--24",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3379920",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3379920",
  abstract =     "Artificial intelligence has confronted us with a raft
                 of dilemmas that challenge us to decide what values are
                 important in our designs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Reingold:2020:VTL,
  author =       "Omer Reingold",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Through the lens of a passionate
                 theoretician",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "25--27",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3378543",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3378543",
  abstract =     "Considering the far-reaching and fundamental
                 implications of computing beyond digital computers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{OHara:2020:VFI,
  author =       "Kieron O'Hara and Wendy Hall",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Four internets",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "28--30",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3341722",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3341722",
  abstract =     "Considering the merits of several models and
                 approaches to Internet governance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Canellas:2020:VUL,
  author =       "Marc Canellas and Rachel Haga",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Unsafe at any level",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "31--34",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3342102",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3342102",
  abstract =     "The U.S. NHTSA's levels of automation are a liability
                 for automated vehicles.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Pierce:2020:VCE,
  author =       "Benjamin C. Pierce and Michael Hicks and Crista Lopes
                 and Jens Palsberg",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Conferences in an era of expensive carbon",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "35--37",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3380445",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3380445",
  abstract =     "Balancing sustainability and science.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Frazelle:2020:SBP,
  author =       "Jessie Frazelle",
  title =        "Securing the boot process",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "38--42",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3379512",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3379512",
  abstract =     "The hardware root of trust.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Cook:2020:ALB,
  author =       "Richard I. Cook",
  title =        "Above the line, below the line",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "43--46",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3379510",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3379510",
  abstract =     "The resilience of Internet-facing systems relies on
                 what is above the line of representation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Awad:2020:CMM,
  author =       "Edmond Awad and Sohan Dsouza and Jean-Fran{\c{c}}ois
                 Bonnefon and Azim Shariff and Iyad Rahwan",
  title =        "Crowdsourcing moral machines",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "48--55",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3339904",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3339904",
  abstract =     "A platform for creating a crowdsourced picture of
                 human opinions on how machines should handle moral
                 dilemmas.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Smite:2020:SG,
  author =       "Darja Smite and Nils Brede Moe and Marcin Floryan and
                 Georgiana Levinta and Panagiota Chatzipetrou",
  title =        "Spotify guilds",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "56--61",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3343146",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3343146",
  abstract =     "When the value increases engagement, engagement
                 increases the value.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Austin:2020:BMB,
  author =       "Jonny Austin and Howard Baker and Thomas Ball and
                 James Devine and Joe Finney and Peli {De Halleux} and
                 Steve Hodges and Micha{\l} Moskal and Gareth
                 Stockdale",
  title =        "The {BBC} micro:bit: from the {U.K.} to the world",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "62--69",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3368856",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3368856",
  abstract =     "A codable computer half the size of a credit card is
                 inspiring students worldwide to develop core computing
                 skills in fun and creative ways.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Fried:2020:ESI,
  author =       "Ohad Fried and Jennifer Jacobs and Adam Finkelstein
                 and Maneesh Agrawala",
  title =        "Editing self-image",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "70--79",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3326601",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3326601",
  abstract =     "Technologies for manipulating our digital appearance
                 alter the way the world sees us as well as the way we
                 see ourselves.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Kienzle:2020:TMD,
  author =       "J{\"o}rg Kienzle and Gunter Mussbacher and Benoit
                 Combemale and Lucy Bastin and Nelly Bencomo and
                 Jean-Michel Bruel and Christoph Becker and Stefanie
                 Betz and Ruzanna Chitchyan and Betty H. C. Cheng and
                 Sonja Klingert and Richard F. Paige and Birgit
                 Penzenstadler and Norbert Seyff and Eugene Syriani and
                 Colin C. Venters",
  title =        "Toward model-driven sustainability evaluation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "80--91",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3371906",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3371906",
  abstract =     "Exploring the vision of a model-based framework that
                 may enable broader engagement with and informed
                 decision making about sustainability issues.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Isaacs:2020:PPT,
  author =       "Rebecca Isaacs",
  title =        "A perspective on pivot tracing: technical
                 perspective",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "93--93",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3378931",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3378931",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Mace:2020:PTD,
  author =       "Jonathan Mace and Ryan Roelke and Rodrigo Fonseca",
  title =        "Pivot tracing: dynamic causal monitoring for
                 distributed systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "94--102",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3378933",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3378933",
  abstract =     "Monitoring and troubleshooting distributed systems are
                 notoriously difficult; potential problems are complex,
                 varied, and unpredictable. The monitoring and diagnosis
                 tools commonly used today---logs, counters, and
                 metrics---have two important \ldots{}",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}

@Article{Shasha:2020:LBS,
  author =       "Dennis Shasha",
  title =        "Last byte: Stopping tyranny",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "104--ff",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2020",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1145/3380444",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 25 10:33:29 MST 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm2020.bib",
  URL =          "https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3380444",
  abstract =     "A compromise proposal toward a solution to making it
                 impossible for a would-be tyrant to exceed reasonable
                 authority.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "https://dl.acm.org/loi/cacm",
}