%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "2.12",
%%%     date            = "04 March 2014",
%%%     time            = "09:30:34 MST",
%%%     filename        = "computer1990.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "17506 56119 216190 2317657",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "bibliography, BibTeX, IEEE Computer",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a bibliography of publications in
%%%                        the IEEE journal Computer (CODEN CPTRB4, ISSN
%%%                        0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)),
%%%                        for the years 1990--1999.  The companion
%%%                        bibliographies, computer19xx.bib and
%%%                        computer20xx.bib, cover other decades.
%%%
%%%                        There is a World Web Wide site for this
%%%                        journal at
%%%
%%%                            http://www.computer.org/portal/web/computer/home
%%%                            http://www.computer.org/computer/
%%%
%%%                        with (pagenumber-less) tables of contents,
%%%                        links to article abstracts, and subject and
%%%                        author indexes, for 1993--date.
%%%
%%%                        In the bibliography entries below, URLs point
%%%                        to freely-accessible abstracts in HTML form,
%%%                        and to full text of articles in Adobe
%%%                        Portable Document Format (PDF) form; the
%%%                        latter requires an electronic journal
%%%                        subscription with username and password.
%%%
%%%                        At version 2.12, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
%%%
%%%                             1990 ( 101)    1994 ( 197)    1998 ( 293)
%%%                             1991 ( 106)    1995 ( 245)    1999 ( 306)
%%%                             1992 ( 166)    1996 ( 282)    2000 (   2)
%%%                             1993 ( 175)    1997 ( 277)
%%%
%%%                             Article:       2150
%%%
%%%                             Total entries: 2150
%%%
%%%                        The initial draft of this bibliography for
%%%                        the years 1990--1996 contained 963 entries,
%%%                        and was constructed primarily from the OCLC
%%%                        Contents1st database.  Regrettably, that
%%%                        database does not record final page numbers
%%%                        of journal articles, so there are many page
%%%                        ranges of the form 123--?? in this
%%%                        bibliography.  The collection was then
%%%                        augmented with 398 entries from the author's
%%%                        personal bibliography files, and from a May
%%%                        1994 snapshot of the huge Computer Science
%%%                        bibliography archive on ftp.ira.uka.de.
%%%                        Later additions came from the Compendex
%%%                        databases (1970--1996), and the IEEE INSPEC
%%%                        CD ROM database (1989--1995).
%%%
%%%                        BibTeX citation tags are uniformly chosen
%%%                        as name:year:abbrev, where name is the
%%%                        family name of the first author or editor,
%%%                        year is a 4-digit number, and abbrev is a
%%%                        3-letter condensation of important title
%%%                        words. Citation tags were automatically
%%%                        generated by software developed for the
%%%                        BibNet Project.
%%%
%%%                        In this bibliography, entries are sorted by
%%%                        journal, and then by publication order, with
%%%                        the help of ``bibsort -byvolume''.  The bibsort
%%%                        utility is available from ftp.math.utah.edu
%%%                        in /pub/tex/bib.
%%%
%%%                        Fields within entries have been put into a
%%%                        consistent order by the biborder utility,
%%%                        and the entire bibliography has been
%%%                        processed by the bibclean syntax checker
%%%                        and prettyprinter, and by bibcheck.  These
%%%                        tools are available in the same archive as
%%%                        bibsort.
%%%
%%%                        Spelling has been verified with the UNIX
%%%                        spell and GNU ispell programs using the
%%%                        exception dictionary stored in the
%%%                        companion with extension .sok.  Numerous
%%%                        heuristic checks on the validity of the
%%%                        bibliography files have also been made
%%%                        using software developed by the author for
%%%                        maintenance of the TeX Users Group and
%%%                        BibNet bibliography collections.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================

@Preamble{
    "\hyphenation{
        Berg-mark
        Chang-hwa
        Cher-kas-sky
        Krueg-er
        Ma-rie
        No-bu-ya-su
        Pra-san-na
        Sa-ri-ka-ya
        Tha-zhu-tha-vee-til
        Wheel-chairs
    }"
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:

@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

@String{ack-nj = "Norbert Juffa,
                  2445 Mission College Blvd.
                  Santa Clara, CA 95054
                  USA
                  email: \path=norbert@iit.com="}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:

@String{j-COMPUTER              = "Computer"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries:

@Article{McLean:1990:SMC,
  author =       "John McLean",
  title =        "The Specification and Modeling of Computer Security",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "9--16",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computer security models can limit the damage caused
                 by Trojan Horse programs, especially if the limitations
                 of the widely accepted BLP model are eliminated as
                 proposed here.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "US Naval Research Lab, Washington, DC, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 914; C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Access Control; Bell and LaPadula model; BLP model;
                 Computer Security Models; Computer security models;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Data Processing--Security of
                 Data; Discretionary access control; Files; Industrial
                 security; MAC; Mandatory access control; National
                 security; Protection; Security levels; Software
                 specification; Trusted Computer Systems; Trusted
                 computer systems",
  thesaurus =    "Security of data",
}

@Article{Parnas:1990:ECP,
  author =       "David Lorge Parnas",
  title =        "Education for Computing Professionals",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "17--22",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computing science graduates are ending up in
                 engineering jobs. CS programs must therefore return to
                 a. classical engineering approach that emphasizes
                 fundamentals rather than the latest fads.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Queen's Univ., Kingston, Ont., Canada",
  classification = "723; 901; C0220 (Education and training)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer science education; Computer Science
                 Education; Computer science graduates; Computer science
                 programs; Computers, Digital--Education; Computing
                 professionals; Curricula; Education; Employers;
                 Engineering Education; Engineering jobs; Society;
                 Students",
  thesaurus =    "Computer science education; Employment; Personnel",
}

@Article{Crosby:1990:HDW,
  author =       "Martha E. Crosby and Jan Stelovsky",
  title =        "How Do We Read Algorithms? {A} Case Study",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "25--35",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:50:13 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Researchers want to understand how different reading
                 strategies influence comprehension of procedural text.
                 For example, does experience alter strategy and thus
                 affect how or where we look?",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Inf. and Comput. Sci., Hawaii Univ.,
                 Honolulu, HI, USA",
  classification = "723; C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C7810
                 (Social and behavioural sciences)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Algorithm Reading; Algorithms; Behavior; Computer
                 Programming; Computer Programming languages--Pascal;
                 Eye movement; Graphical representation; Influence;
                 Pascal; Programming Experience; Programming experience;
                 Scan patterns; Subjects; Viewing strategies",
  thesaurus =    "Behavioural sciences computing; Programming",
}

@Article{Markas:1990:DFS,
  author =       "Tassos Markas and Mark Royals and Nick Kanopoulos",
  title =        "On Distributed Fault Simulation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "40--52",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:50:23 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Efficient partitioning of fault simulation tasks and
                 allocation of the resulting subtasks over a distributed
                 system yields faster fault simulation without resorting
                 to expensive special-purpose hardware.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Center for Digital Syst. Res., Triangle Inst.,
                 Research Triangle Park, NC, USA",
  classification = "721; 723; B1130B (Computer-aided circuit analysis
                 and design); B1265B (Logic circuits); C5210B
                 (Computer-aided logic design); C6150J (Operating
                 systems); C7410D (Electronic engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computational aspects; Computer Networks--Local
                 Networks; Computer Simulation; Computer Systems,
                 Digital--Distributed; Computing resources; DFSim;
                 Digital circuits; Distributed fault simulation;
                 Distributed Fault Simulation; Distributed system; Fault
                 Simulation; Heterogeneous local area network;
                 Heterogeneous Local Area Networks; Logic Circuits;
                 Nodes; Partitioning; Subtasks; Testing; Unix operating
                 systems; Workstations",
  thesaurus =    "Circuit analysis computing; Distributed processing;
                 Fault location; Logic CAD",
}

@Article{Chean:1990:TRT,
  author =       "Mengly Chean and Jose A. B. Fortes",
  title =        "A Taxonomy of Reconfiguration Techniques for
                 Fault-Tolerant Processor Arrays",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "55--69",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This proposed taxonomy focuses on FTPA reconfiguration
                 techniques useful for comparing and contrasting many
                 possible schemes. It can help engineers and researchers
                 understand existing approaches and develop new ones.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Electr. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette,
                 IN, USA",
  classification = "722; B1265F (Microprocessors and microcomputers);
                 C5130 (Microprocessor chips); C5440 (Multiprocessor
                 systems and techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation
                 and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Array Processing; Bus; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Domain; Fault Tolerant Capability; Fault-tolerant
                 processor arrays; Global redundancy; Global switching;
                 Hardware redundancy; Local redundancy; Local switching
                 domain; Network; Processor; Processor Switching;
                 Processor switching; Reconfiguration Techniques;
                 Reconfiguration techniques; Redundancy; Redundancy
                 allocation; Redundancy type; Replacement unit; Set
                 Switching; Set switching; Switching element; Switching
                 implementation; Time redundancy",
  thesaurus =    "Cellular arrays; Fault tolerant computing;
                 Multiprocessor interconnection networks; Redundancy",
}

@Article{Buckley:1990:SSE,
  author =       "F. J. Buckley",
  title =        "Standards: a standard environment for software
                 production",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "75--77",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 14 07:06:39 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6100 (Software techniques and systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Maintainable code; Software production; Standard
                 environment",
  thesaurus =    "Software engineering",
}

@Article{Duncan:1990:SPC,
  author =       "Ralph Duncan",
  title =        "A Survey of Parallel Computer Architectures",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "5--16",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The diversity of parallel computer architectures can
                 bewilder the nonspecialist. This tutorial reviews
                 alternative approaches to parallel processing within
                 the framework of a. high-level taxonomy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Control Data Corp., Atlanta, GA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Architectural alternatives; Architectural constructs;
                 Architectural innovations; Coherent framework; Computer
                 Architecture; Computer Systems, Digital; Dataflow;
                 MIMD-based paradigms; MIMD/SIMD Hybrid;
                 Multiple-data-stream; Multiple-instruction-stream;
                 Parallel architecture development; Parallel Computer
                 Architectures; Parallel computer architectures;
                 Parallel Processing; Reduction; Shared memory; Shared
                 Memory Architectures; SIMD; SIMD Machines;
                 Single-instruction-stream; Synchronous Architectures;
                 Synchronous architectures; Systolic machines; Vector;
                 Wavefront types",
  thesaurus =    "Cellular arrays; Parallel architectures; Parallel
                 machines; Pipeline processing",
}

@Article{Foo:1990:DCA,
  author =       "Simon Y. Foo and Yoshiyasu Takefuji",
  title =        "Databases and Cell-Selection Algorithms for {VLSI}
                 Cell Libraries",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "18--30",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:50:33 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This framework for capturing design data is based on
                 semantic networks. It is well suited for
                 application-specific ICs, yet general enough for other
                 CAD/CAM environments.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng., Florida State Univ.,
                 Tallahassee, FL, USA",
  classification = "713; 714; 723; B1130B (Computer-aided circuit
                 analysis and design); B2570 (Semiconductor integrated
                 circuits); C6160 (Database management systems (DBMS));
                 C7250L (Non-bibliographic systems); C7410D (Electronic
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Application-specific ICs; asic Design; Backtracking
                 Algorithm; CAD/CAM environments; Case study;
                 Cell-selection algorithms; Cell-Selection Algorithms;
                 Commercial database management systems; Common
                 interface; Computer Aided Design; Database
                 Systems--Relational; Design alternatives; Design
                 constraints; Design hierarchies; Frame-based database
                 system; Frame-based model; Integrated Circuits, vlsi;
                 Multilevel representations; Semantic networks;
                 Special-purpose design database management system
                 approach; Version control; VLSI CAD data; vlsi cad
                 Data; VLSI cell libraries; vlsi Cell Libraries; vlsi
                 Design Hierarchies",
  thesaurus =    "Circuit CAD; Database management systems; Information
                 retrieval; Subroutines; VLSI",
}

@Article{Walters:1990:DBM,
  author =       "Richard F. Walters",
  title =        "Design of a Bitmapped Multilingual Workstation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "33--41",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Since today's bitmapped workstations support multiple
                 character fonts, we can use X. Windows, C, and MUMPS to
                 display and manipulate multiple national character sets
                 in a. windows environment.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., California
                 Univ., Davis, CA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C6130D (Document processing techniques);
                 C7820 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Bitmapped multilingual workstation; Bitmapped
                 Multilingual Workstation; Character Sets; Character-set
                 standardization; Character-Set Standardization;
                 Computer Peripheral Equipment--Keyboards; Data
                 manipulation; Data processing; Display Devices; Display
                 systems; Internal storage; Multilingual support;
                 Multiple character sets; Multiple Character Sets; Text
                 input; Text Input; Windows environment",
  thesaurus =    "Character sets; Linguistics; Word processing;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Leler:1990:LMU,
  author =       "W. Leler",
  title =        "{Linda} Meets {Unix}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "43--54",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A system-level version of the Linda high-level
                 parallel software paradigm is used as the basis of the
                 QIX operating system, which supports both
                 multiprocessing and multiprogramming while retaining
                 Unix compatibility.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Cogent Research Inc, Beaverton, OR, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C6110 (Systems analysis and programming);
                 C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Associative memory; Computer Operating Systems;
                 Computer Systems Programming--Multiprogramming;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Computers, Microcomputer;
                 Distributed Memory Model; Distributed-memory models;
                 Dynamic Load Balancing; Explicit parallel programming;
                 Linda Parallel Communication Paradigm; Linda parallel
                 communication paradigm; Name resolution; Operating
                 systems; Parallel Processing; Parallel Programming;
                 Program communication; QIX; QIX Operating System;
                 Shared data space; Shared-memory; Tuple space; Tuple
                 Spaces; Unix",
  thesaurus =    "Content-addressable storage; Parallel machines;
                 Parallel programming; Storage management; Unix",
}

@Article{Liang:1990:PGG,
  author =       "Luping Liang and Samuel T. Chanson and Gerald W.
                 Neufeld",
  title =        "Process Groups and Group Communications:
                 Classifications and Requirements",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "56--66",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib; Object/Ooos.bib;
                 Parallel/par.misc.bib",
  abstract =     "To design a general, coherent, and integrated group
                 communication system, we must understand basic
                 application requirements. This classification of group
                 applications can be an important tool.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., British Columbia Univ.,
                 Vancouver, BC, Canada",
  classification = "722; 723; 731; C5620 (Computer networks and
                 techniques); C6110 (Systems analysis and programming);
                 C6150J (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Communication Transparency; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Computers, Digital--Data Communication Systems;
                 Database Systems--Distributed; Distributed; distributed
                 programming, loosely coupled,, Distributed
                 applications; Electronic Mail; External behavior; Group
                 communication support; Group Communications; Internal
                 structures; OS-level abstraction; Process
                 Control--Computer Applications; Process group; Process
                 Groups; Programmer; Teleconferencing",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Operating systems [computers];
                 Programming",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:AEP,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Applications environment profiles: {A} significant
                 tool for simplifying and coordinating standards
                 efforts",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "69--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:PRa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "78--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Keeping in touch through Windows",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Tsai:1990:NAM,
  author =       "Jeffrey J. P. Tsai and Kwang-Ya Fang and Horng-Yuan
                 Chen",
  title =        "A Noninvasive Architecture to Monitor Real-Time
                 Distributed Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "11--23",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:50:42 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Equipped with a programmable qualification control
                 unit for observing system states of a target node, this
                 monitoring system can support performance evaluation,
                 testing, and debugging of real-time distributed
                 computing systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., Illinois
                 Univ., Chicago, IL, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C7420 (Control engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Abstraction levels; Computational Models; Computer
                 Architecture; Computer Systems, Digital; Debugging;
                 Dedicated; Development module; Distributed; Front end;
                 Hardware architecture; Host computer; Instruction-level
                 activities; Interface module; Noninvasive monitoring
                 system; Procedure calls; Process-level activities;
                 Process-level monitoring; Real Time Systems; Real-time
                 distributed computing systems; Simplifying assumption;
                 Step-by-step instruction trace; Testing",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised monitoring; Multiprocessing systems;
                 Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Czejdo:1990:GDM,
  author =       "Bogdan Czejdo and Ramez Elmasri and Marek Rusinkiewicz
                 and David W. Embley",
  title =        "A Graphical Data Manipulation Language for an Extended
                 Entity-Relationship Model",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "26--36",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:50:48 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/database.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Using graphical interfaces to formulate queries and
                 updates makes it easier to interact with database
                 systems for both novice and experienced users.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dep of Comput Sci, Univ of Houston, Houston, TX, USA",
  annote =       "A writeup is given of a graphical front end for an ER
                 manipulation system. The extended ER model is used
                 which gives the system the OO like ability to represent
                 sub class hierarchies. The concept is similar to
                 Spooner-Sanderson translation-migration approach in
                 that the alterations specified on the schema are
                 realized as alterations to the associated instances.",
  classification = "723; C6130B (Graphics techniques); C6140D (High
                 level languages); C6160D (Relational DBMS); C7250L
                 (Non-bibliographic systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Algorithmic Languages; Computer Metatheory; Data
                 Manipulation Languages; Database queries; Database
                 Systems--Query Languages; ECER model;
                 Entity-Relationship Models; Extended conceptual
                 entity-relationship; Extended entity-relationship
                 model; Extended ER model; Generalization; Graphical
                 data manipulation interface; Graphical data
                 manipulation language; Graphical entity-relationship
                 interfaces; Partition relationships; Schema Diagrams;
                 Schema diagrams; Specialization; Subset; Union",
  thesaurus =    "Computer graphics; Information retrieval; Query
                 languages; Relational databases",
}

@Article{Leung:1990:ESU,
  author =       "K. S. Leung and M. H. Wong",
  title =        "An Expert-System Shell Using Structured Knowledge: An
                 Object-Oriented Approach",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "38--47",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:50:56 1997",
  bibsource =    "Ai/concordia.bib; Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Chinese University of Hong Kong. Expert system shell
                 is described that uses objects to store knowledge
                 rather than frames. This allows for encapsulation of
                 knowledge fragments.",
  abstract2 =    "Two expert systems built with this prototype shell
                 have demonstrated its power and flexibility. It mixes
                 declarative and procedural knowledge, overcoming a.
                 major problem of conventional shells.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong,
                 Shatin, Hong Kong",
  classification = "723; C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6115
                 (Programming support); C6160 (Database management
                 systems (DBMS)); C6170 (Expert systems); C7250
                 (Information storage and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial Intelligence; Automatic extraction;
                 Built-in database interface; Computer
                 Metatheory--Programming Theory; Database management
                 system; Declarative Knowledge; Defined operations;
                 Encapsulation; Expert Systems; Expert-system shell;
                 Fuzzy database query facility; Knowledge acquisition;
                 Knowledge Representation; Object manipulation;
                 Object-oriented approach; Object-Oriented Systems;
                 Procedural Knowledge; Procedural knowledge; Prototype
                 shell; Representation methods; Structured knowledge
                 representations; System X-I",
  thesaurus =    "Database management systems; Expert systems;
                 Information retrieval; Knowledge representation;
                 Object-oriented programming; Software tools",
}

@Article{Wasserman:1990:OSD,
  author =       "Anthony I. Wasserman and Peter A. Pircher and Robert
                 J. Muller",
  title =        "The Object-Oriented Structured Design Notation for
                 Software Design Representation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "50--63",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Interactive Dev. Environ., San Francisco, CA, USA",
  classification = "723; C4210 (Formal logic); C6110B (Software
                 engineering techniques); C6120 (File organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Architectural design; Asynchronous processes;
                 Asynchronous Processes; Classes; Computer
                 Metatheory--Programming Theory; Computer
                 Programming--Structured Programming; Computer Software;
                 Concurrency; Data structure design; Design notation;
                 Design principles; Functional decomposition; Hidden
                 information; Key software structure concepts; Knowledge
                 Representation; Message passing; Object-oriented
                 design; Object-oriented structured design;
                 Object-Oriented Structured Design (OOSD); OOSD; Overall
                 program structure; Software design representation;
                 Software Engineering",
  thesaurus =    "Data structures; Formal languages; Object-oriented
                 programming; Structured programming",
}

@Article{Dasgupta:1990:HTS,
  author =       "Subrata Dasgupta",
  title =        "A Hierarchical Taxonomic System for Computer
                 Architectures",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "64--74",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Using formulas inspired by chemical notation, we can
                 classify computer architectures in a way that provides
                 both predictive power and explanatory capabilities.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Center for Adv. Comput. Studies, Univ. of Southwestern
                 Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 903; C5220 (Computer architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Chemical notation; Classification; Computer
                 Architecture; Computer architectures; Endoarchitecture;
                 Explanatory capabilities; Hardware components;
                 Information Science--Classification; Integrated system;
                 Logical structure; Novel hierarchical architectural
                 taxonomic system; Predictive power; Taxonomic scheme;
                 Taxonomic Systems",
  thesaurus =    "Classification; Computer architecture",
}

@Article{McFarland:1990:SUE,
  author =       "Michael C. McFarland",
  title =        "Standards: Urgency of ethical standards intensifies in
                 computer community",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "77--81",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Comput Sci Dep, Boston Coll, Boston, MA, USA",
  classification = "901; 902; C0230 (Economic, social and political
                 aspects)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer community; Engineering; Ethical Standards;
                 Ethical standards; IEEE Computer Society; Professional
                 Aspects; Standards",
  thesaurus =    "Social aspects of automation; Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:PRb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "87--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Life with Ada",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Rettberg:1990:MPP,
  author =       "Randall D. Rettberg and William R. Crowther and Philip
                 P. Carvey and Raymond S. Tomlinson",
  title =        "The {Monarch Parallel Processor} Hardware Design",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "18--28, 30",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib; Parallel/Parallel.io.bib",
  abstract =     "The Monarch architecture team took advantage of custom
                 VLSI in the design of a. shared-memory parallel
                 processor. The simple structure eases the task of
                 programming a. massively parallel machine.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "BBN Syst. and Technol. Corp., Cambridge, MA, USA",
  classification = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C5440 (Multiprocessor
                 systems and techniques)",
  comment =      "This describes the Monarch computer from BBN. It was
                 never built. 65K processors and memory modules. 65GB
                 RAM. Bfly-style switch in dance-hall layout. Switch is
                 synchronous; one switch time is a {\em frame} (one
                 microsecond, equal to 3 processor cycles) and all
                 processors may reference memory in one frame time.
                 Local I-cache only. Contention reduces full bandwidth
                 by 16 percent. Full 64-bit machine. Custom VLSI. Each
                 memory location has 8 tag bits. One allows for a
                 location to be locked by a processor. Thus, any
                 FetchAndOp or full/empty model can be supported. I/O is
                 done by adding I/O processors (up to 2K in a 65K-proc
                 machine) in the switch. They plan 200 disks, each with
                 an I/O processor, for 65K nodes. They would spread each
                 block over 9 disks, including one for parity
                 (essentially RAID).",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keyword =      "MIMD, parallel architecture, shared memory, parallel
                 I/O, pario bib",
  keywords =     "Custom VLSI; Hardware design; Massively parallel
                 machine; Monarch architecture; Monarch parallel
                 processor; Programming; Shared-memory parallel
                 processor",
  thesaurus =    "Parallel architectures; Parallel machines; VLSI",
}

@Article{Moreno:1990:MCS,
  author =       "Jaime H. Moreno and Tomas Lang",
  title =        "Matrix Computations on Systolic-Type Meshes: An
                 Introduction to the Multimesh Graph Method",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "32--51",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:51:07 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Systolic-type arrays use both the fine-grain
                 parallelism and the regularity of matrix computations
                 effectively. The multimesh graph method for deriving
                 these arrays is systematic, flexible, and easy to
                 use.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "California Univ., Los Angeles, CA, USA",
  classification = "B0210 (Algebra); B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics);
                 B1265B (Logic circuits); C1110 (Algebra); C1160
                 (Combinatorial mathematics); C5120 (Logic and switching
                 circuits)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Fine-grain parallelism; Matrix computations; Multimesh
                 graph method; Regularity; Systolic arrays;
                 Systolic-type meshes",
  thesaurus =    "Cellular arrays; Graph theory; Matrix algebra;
                 Parallel processing",
}

@Article{Sha:1990:RTS,
  author =       "Lui Sha and John B. Goodenough",
  title =        "Real-Time Scheduling Theory and {Ada}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "53--62",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:51:18 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "Rate monotonic scheduling theory puts real-time
                 software engineering on a sound analytical footing.
                 Here, we review the theory and its implications for
                 Ada.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Software Eng. Inst., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "C4290 (Other computer theory); C6110B (Software
                 engineering techniques); C6140D (High level
                 languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Ada; Rate monotonic scheduling theory; Real time
                 scheduling; Real-time software engineering",
  thesaurus =    "Ada; Computation theory; Real-time systems;
                 Scheduling; Software engineering",
}

@Article{Smith:1990:TR,
  author =       "Alan Jay Smith",
  title =        "The Task of the Referee",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "65--71",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computer researchers have a professional obligation to
                 referee the work of others. This article tells you how
                 to evaluate a paper and write a report using common
                 standards and procedures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA",
  classification = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Common standards; Computer researchers; Computer
                 science; Peer review; Professional obligation; Referee;
                 Report writing; Research paper evaluation; Research
                 proposals; Survey papers; Tutorial papers",
  thesaurus =    "Computer science; Technical presentation",
}

@Article{Pavlidis:1990:FBC,
  author =       "Theo Pavlidis and Jerome Swartz and Ynjiun P. Wang",
  title =        "Fundamentals of Bar Code Information Theory",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "74--86",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:51:25 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "To compare encoding and decoding schemes requires us
                 to first look into information and coding theory. This
                 article discusses problems and possible solutions in
                 encoding information.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Symbol Technol., Bohemia, NY, USA",
  classification = "B6110 (Information theory); B6120B (Codes); C1260
                 (Information theory)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Bar code; Coding theory; Decoding schemes; Encoding;
                 Information theory",
  thesaurus =    "Bar codes; Decoding; Encoding; Information theory",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:SEL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "A standard for extremely low frequency magnetic
                 fields; Standards for public key encryption algorithms
                 to be discussed",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "95--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:PRc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "105--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Breaking the DOS 640-Kbyte barrier; A C compiler for
                 the 386",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Boykin:1990:GEI,
  author =       "Joseph Boykin and Susan J. LoVerso",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: Recent Developments in
                 Operating Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "5--8",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Satyanarayanan:1990:SSH,
  author =       "Mahadev Satyanarayanan",
  title =        "Scalable, Secure, and Highly Available Distributed
                 File Access",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "9--18, 20--21",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Andrew and Coda are distributed Unix file systems that
                 embody many of the recent advances in solving the
                 problem of data sharing in large, physically dispersed
                 workstation environments.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6150J (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Andrew; Andrew File System; Coda; Coda File System;
                 Computer Operating Systems; Computer Systems,
                 Digital--Distributed; Data Processing; Data sharing;
                 Distributed file access; Distributed File Systems;
                 Distributed Unix file systems; File Organization;
                 Physically dispersed workstation environments;
                 Scalability; Security; Unix File Systems",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Unix",
}

@Article{Peterson:1990:XPA,
  author =       "Larry L. Peterson and Norman C. Hutchinson and Sean W.
                 O'Malley and Herman C. Rao",
  title =        "The {X}-kernel: {A} Platform for Accessing {Internet}
                 Resources",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "23--33",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 08 07:28:46 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Distributed/Dcs-1.0.bib;
                 Distributed/Mach.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/Mach.bib",
  abstract =     "The x-kernel gives workstation users uniform access to
                 resources across local or wide area networks. The
                 operating system is general, efficient, and easy to
                 program.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ,
                 USA",
  annote =       "The x-kernel design is based on the belief that
                 implementing communication protocols on a workstation
                 is essential to accessing network resources. The more
                 protocols the workstation supports, the more resources
                 the user can access. Because many different protocols
                 have been specified for various resources --- e.g.,
                 there are many file access protocols, remote procedure
                 call protocols, directory service protocols and so on
                 --- the workstation operating system must support the
                 efficient execution of a wide variety of protocols.
                 This is exactly what the x-kernel does.",
  classification = "723; B6210L (Computer communications); C5620
                 (Computer networks and techniques); C6150J (Operating
                 systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Command interpreter; Computer Networks; Computer
                 Operating Systems; File system; Integrated interface;
                 Internet Resources; Library of protocols; National
                 Research and Education Network; Nationwide Internet;
                 Networks interconnection; NREN; Operating system;
                 Personal workstations; Protocol combinations; Resources
                 access; Uniform access; Uniform interface; User-level
                 systems; X-Kernel; X-kernel",
  thesaurus =    "Network operating systems; Protocols",
}

@Article{Black:1990:SSC,
  author =       "David L. Black",
  title =        "Scheduling Support for Concurrency and Parallelism in
                 the {Mach} Operating System",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "35--43",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Distributed/Dcs-1.0.bib;
                 Distributed/Mach.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/Mach.bib",
  abstract =     "Traditional time-sharing schedulers are inadequate for
                 parallel and concurrent programs, which require new
                 techniques such as processor allocation and handoff
                 scheduling.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  annote =       "Many parallel and concurrent applications cannot be
                 scheduled acceptably by traditional time-sharing means.
                 Dedicated processors are required to obtain acceptable
                 performance from some parallel applications. For
                 concurrent applications, communication and
                 synchronization performance can be improved by taking
                 advantage of application-specific scheduling
                 information. Mach's scheduler has been enhanced to meet
                 the challenges. Mach allows concurrent programs to
                 provide handoff and discouragement hints to influence
                 scheduling decisions.",
  classification = "723; C6150J (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Common uniform-memory-access architectures; Computer
                 Operating Systems; Computer Systems, Digital--Time
                 Sharing; Concurrency Support; Concurrency support;
                 General-purpose uniprocessors; Mach Operating System;
                 Mach operating system; Mach scheduler; Memory access
                 times; Multiprocessors; Parallelism; Processor
                 Allocation; Processor allocation; Programming models;
                 Shared Memory Multiprocessors; Time-sharing
                 scheduling",
  thesaurus =    "Multiprogramming; Operating systems [computers];
                 Scheduling",
}

@Article{Mullender:1990:ADO,
  author =       "Sape J. Mullender and Guido {van Rossum} and Andrew S.
                 Tanenbaum and Robbert {van Renesse} and Hans {van
                 Staveren}",
  title =        "{Amoeba}: {A} Distributed Operating System for the
                 1990s",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "44--53",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 Distributed/CCR.bib; Distributed/Dcs-1.0.bib;
                 Distributed/distfs.bib; Distributed/Mach.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib; Misc/Mach.bib; Object/Ooos.bib",
  abstract =     "Amoeba is the distributed system developed at the Free
                 University (VU) and the Centre for Mathematics and
                 Computer Science (CWI), both in Amsterdam. Throughout
                 the project's ten-year history, a major concern of the
                 designers has been to combine the research themes of
                 distributed systems, such as high availability, use of
                 parallelism and scalability, with simplicity and high
                 performance. Distributed systems are necessarily more
                 complicated than centralized systems, so they have a
                 tendency to be much slower. Amoeba was always designed
                 to be used, so it was deemed essential to achieve
                 extremely high performance. The Amoeba software is
                 based on objects. An objects is a piece of data on
                 which well-defined operations may be performed by
                 authorized users, independent of where the user and
                 object are located. Objects are managed by server
                 processes and named using capabilities chosen randomly
                 from a sparse name space. Processes consist of a
                 segmented address space shared by one or more threads
                 of control. Processes can be created, managed, and
                 debugged remotely. Operations on objects are
                 implemented using remote procedure calls. Amoeba has a
                 unique and fast file system. The file system is split
                 into two parts --- the Bullet Service, which stores
                 immutable files contiguously on the disk and the SOAP
                 Directory Service, which provides a mechanism for
                 giving capabilities symbolic names. The directory
                 server also handles replication and atomicity,
                 eliminating the need for a separate transaction
                 management system.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Centre for Math. and Comput. Sci., Amsterdam,
                 Netherlands",
  classification = "723; C5620 (Computer networks and techniques);
                 C6150J (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Amoeba Distributed Operating System; Atomicity; Bullet
                 service; Capabilities; Centralized system; Computer
                 Operating Systems; Computer Systems,
                 Digital--Distributed; Directory service; Distributed
                 Operating Systems; Distributed Systems, van Rossum,
                 Renesse, Staveren, Amoeba distributed operating system;
                 Fault tolerance; File system; Flexibility; Immutable
                 files; Library; Objects; Replication; Security; Server
                 processes; Sparse name space; Speed; Symbolic names;
                 Unix emulation; Unix Emulation Facility; Unix system
                 call routines",
  thesaurus =    "Network operating systems; Unix",
}

@Article{Stumm:1990:AID,
  author =       "Michael Stumm and Songnian Zhou",
  title =        "Algorithms Implementing Distributed Shared Memory",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "54--64",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This article compares several algorithms for
                 implementing distributed shared memory. It shows that
                 the performance of these algorithms is sensitive to the
                 memory access behavior of applications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Toronto, Toronto, Ont, Can",
  classification = "723; C5620L (Local area networks); C6150J (Operating
                 systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Algorithms; Application-level access behavior;
                 Computer Networks--Local Networks; Computer
                 Programming; Computer Systems, Digital--Distributed;
                 Distributed shared memory; Distributed Shared Memory;
                 Environment; Local area network; Local virtual address
                 spaces; Memory access behavior; Multiple hosts;
                 Performance; Shared memory algorithms; Virtual memory
                 systems; Virtual Memory Systems",
  thesaurus =    "Local area networks; Multiprogramming; Network
                 operating systems",
}

@Article{Feitelson:1990:DHC,
  author =       "Dror G. Feitelson and Larry Rudolph",
  title =        "Distributed Hierarchical Control for Parallel
                 Processing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "65--77",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:51:32 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A novel design using a hierarchy of controllers
                 effectively controls a multiuser, multiprogrammed
                 parallel system. Such a structure allows dynamic
                 repartitioning according to changing job
                 requirements.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, Israel",
  classification = "722; 723; C6150J (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Availability; Changing job requirements; Computer
                 Input/Output; Computer Operating Systems; Computer
                 Systems, Digital; Distributed Hierarchical Control;
                 Distributed hierarchical control; Dynamic
                 repartitioning; Dynamic Repartitioning; Fault
                 tolerance; Gang scheduling; I/O; Load balancing;
                 Mapping; Memory Management; Memory management;
                 Multiprocessing; Multiprogrammed parallel system;
                 Multiuser parallel system; Parallel Processing;
                 Parallel processing; Processor control",
  thesaurus =    "Multiprogramming",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:HWC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "How not to write commercial standards",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "79--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:PRd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "87--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Graphical word processors; Getting the most for your
                 laser printer dollars",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Newman:1990:CRU,
  author =       "E. Newman and M. C. McFarland",
  title =        "Comments, with reply, on {`Urgency of ethical
                 standards intensifies in computer community'}
                 (Standards)",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "6",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 14 07:06:39 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Ethical nihilism; Ethical relativism; Ethical
                 standards",
  thesaurus =    "Professional aspects; Standards",
}

@Article{Schmidt:1990:CRH,
  author =       "U. Schmidt and S. Dasgupta",
  title =        "Comments, with reply on {`A hierarchical taxonomic
                 system for computer architectures'}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "6",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 14 07:06:39 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5220 (Computer architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Communication methods; Computer architectures;
                 Hierarchical taxonomic system; Topologies",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture",
}

@Article{Dubois:1990:GEI,
  author =       "Michel Dubois and Shreekant Thakkar",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: Cache Architectures in
                 Tightly Coupled Multiprocessors",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "9--11",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Stenstrom:1990:SCC,
  author =       "Per Stenstrom",
  title =        "A Survey of Cache Coherence Schemes for
                 Multiprocessors",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "12--24",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Cache coherence schemes tackle the problem of
                 maintaining data consistency in shared-memory
                 multiprocessors. They rely on software, hardware, or a
                 combination of both.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Eng., Lund Univ., Sweden",
  classification = "722; 723; C5310 (Storage system design); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cache Coherence; Cache coherence schemes; Cache
                 Memories; Computer Architecture; Computer Operating
                 Systems; Computer Systems, Digital; Consistency; Data
                 Storage, Digital--Storage Devices; Hardware complexity;
                 Multiprocessing; Multiprocessors; Performance issues;
                 Protocols; Shared data; Software schemes",
  thesaurus =    "Buffer storage; Memory architecture; Multiprocessing
                 systems",
}

@Article{Teller:1990:TBC,
  author =       "Patricia J. Teller",
  title =        "Translation-Lookaside Buffer Consistency",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "26--36",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Shared-memory multiprocessors with multiple
                 translation-lookaside buffers must deal with a. cache
                 consistency problem. This article describes nine
                 solutions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
                 NY, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5310 (Storage system design); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cache consistency problem; Cache Memories; Computer
                 Operating Systems; Computer Systems, Digital; Data
                 Storage, Digital--Storage Devices; Hardware cache
                 consistency; Memory Management; Multiple
                 translation-lookaside buffers; Multiprocessing; Shared
                 bus; Shared-memory multiprocessors; Shared-Memory
                 Multiprocessors; Virtual-address caches",
  thesaurus =    "Buffer storage; Memory architecture; Multiprocessing
                 systems",
}

@Article{Cheong:1990:CDC,
  author =       "Hoichi Cheong and Alexander V. Veidenbaum",
  title =        "Compiler-Directed Cache Management in
                 Multiprocessors",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "39--47",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:51:42 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "Large-scale multiprocessor systems need alternatives
                 to hardware-based cache coherence strategies. This
                 article presents three software-based strategies that
                 have common objectives.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C6120 (File organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cache Memories; Compiler directed cache management;
                 Computer Operating Systems--Program Compilers; Computer
                 Systems, Digital; Fast selective invalidation scheme;
                 Interconnection networks; Invalidation approach; Memory
                 Management; Multiprocessing; Multiprocessors; Numerical
                 benchmark routines; Shared-memory; Software-based
                 strategies; Trace driven simulations; Version control
                 scheme",
  thesaurus =    "Buffer storage; Multiprocessing systems; Storage
                 management",
}

@Article{Chaiken:1990:DCC,
  author =       "David Chaiken and Craig Fields and Kiyoshi Kurihara
                 and Anant Agarwal",
  title =        "Directory-Based Cache Coherence in Large-Scale
                 Multiprocessors",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "49--58",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:51:58 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  note =         "See corrigendum \cite{Chaiken:1990:CDC}.",
  abstract =     "This article addresses the usefulness of shared-data
                 caches in large-scale multiprocessors, the relative
                 merits of different coherence schemes, and system-level
                 methods for improving directory efficiency.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Comput. Sci. Lab., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C6120 (File organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cache coherence; Cache Coherence; Computer Operating
                 Systems--Design; Computer Systems, Digital; Data
                 Storage, Digital--Management; Directory efficiency;
                 Large-scale multiprocessors; Large-Scale
                 Multiprocessors; Memory Management; Multiprocessing;
                 Shared-data caches; System-level methods",
  thesaurus =    "Buffer storage; Multiprocessing systems; Storage
                 management",
}

@Article{Graunke:1990:SAS,
  author =       "Gary Graunke and Shreekant Thakkar",
  title =        "Synchronization Algorithms for Shared-Memory
                 Multiprocessors",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "60--69",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:53:20 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Knowing the right type of locking algorithm to use
                 when multiple processes contend for a single lock can
                 prevent performance degradation in shared-memory
                 multiprocessor systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sequent Computer Systems, Beaverton, OR, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 921; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cache Memories; Computer Systems, Digital; Hardware
                 monitor; Highly contested locks; Lock algorithms;
                 Mathematical Techniques--Algorithms; Multiprocessing;
                 Performance evaluation; Shared-Memory Multiprocessors;
                 Shared-memory multiprocessors; Symmetry multiprocessor
                 system; Synchronization Algorithms; Synchronization
                 mechanism; Total system performance",
  thesaurus =    "Multiprocessing systems; Performance evaluation;
                 Synchronisation",
}

@Article{Thakkar:1990:NDS,
  author =       "Shreekant Thakkar and Michel Dubois and Anthony T.
                 Laundrie and Gurindar S. Sohi",
  title =        "Scalable Shared-Memory Multiprocessor Architectures",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "71--74",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 11:59:27 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "New coherence schemes scale beyond single-bus-based,
                 shared-memory architectures. This report describes
                 three research efforts: one multiple-bus-based and two
                 directory-based schemes.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sequent Computer Systems, Beaverton, OR, USA",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Architecture; B pointers; Bus-based cache coherence;
                 Cache Memories; Computer Architecture; Computer
                 Systems, Digital--Multiprocessing; Data Storage,
                 Digital--Management; Directory-based cache coherence;
                 Hierarchical architectures; Linked lists; Memory
                 Management; Multiple-bus; Multiprocessing; Processor
                 performance; Scalable shared memory multiprocessor",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Data structures;
                 Multiprocessing systems; Storage management",
}

@Article{James:1990:DSS,
  author =       "David V. James and Anthony T. Laundrie and Stein
                 Gjessing and Gurindar S. Sohi",
  title =        "Distributed-directory scheme: Scalable coherent
                 interface",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "74--77",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Apple Comput., New York, NY, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5610 (Computer interfaces); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cache Memories; Computer backplane interface; Computer
                 Operating Systems--Design; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Data Storage, Digital--Management; Distributed
                 directory scheme; IEEE standard project; Large system
                 configurations; Linked-list coherence; Memory
                 Management; Multiprocessing; P1596; Queued-on-lock bit;
                 Scalable Architecture; Scalable coherent interface; SCI
                 sharing-list structures",
  thesaurus =    "Computer interfaces; Data structures",
}

@Article{Thapar:1990:DSS,
  author =       "Manu Thapar and Bruce Delagi",
  title =        "Distributed-directory scheme: {Stanford}
                 distributed-directory protocol",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "78--80",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Digital Equipment Corp",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; C5620 (Computer networks and
                 techniques); C6120 (File organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cache Memories; Cache-coherence; Computer Operating
                 Systems--Design; Computer Systems, Digital; Data
                 Storage, Digital--Management; Distributed directories;
                 Doubly linked list; Lock implementation; Memory
                 Management; Multiprocessing; Singly linked list;
                 Stanford distributed-directory protocol;
                 Synchronization",
  thesaurus =    "Data structures; Protocols; Storage management;
                 Synchronisation",
}

@Article{Carlton:1990:MBS,
  author =       "Michael Carlton and Alvin Despain",
  title =        "Multiple-bus shared-memory system: {Aquarius}
                 project",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "80--83",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 11:59:38 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5620
                 (Computer networks and techniques); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Aquarius project; Bus addresses; Cache; Cache
                 Memories; Cache-coherence protocol; Computer
                 Architecture; Computer Operating Systems--Design;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Data Storage,
                 Digital--Management; Directory states; Local sharing;
                 Memory; Memory Management; Microprocessor; Multi-multi
                 architecture; Multiple-bus architecture; Multiple-bus
                 shared-memory system; Multiprocessing; Root node;
                 Snooping cache component",
  thesaurus =    "Buffer storage; Computer architecture; Protocols;
                 Storage management",
}

@Article{Buckley:1990:SES,
  author =       "F. J. Buckley",
  title =        "Standards: Establishing a standard metrics program",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "85--86",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 14 07:06:39 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer programs; Cost metrics; Documentation
                 metrics; Problem-change report metrics; Productivity
                 metrics; Rework metrics; Source code metrics; Standard
                 metrics program; Standards",
  thesaurus =    "Software engineering; Standards",
}

@Article{Ford:1990:CRN,
  author =       "R. Ford",
  title =        "Comments, with reply, on {``A noninvasive architecture
                 to monitor real-time distributed systems'', by J. Tsai
                 et al.}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "12--13",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 14 07:06:39 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Kansas Univ., Kansas City, KS, USA",
  classification = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C5470 (Performance
                 evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "High-level programming language; Noninvasive
                 architecture; Real-time application software; Real-time
                 distributed systems",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Performance evaluation;
                 Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Chaiken:1990:CDC,
  author =       "D. Chaiken and C. Fields and K. Kurihara and A.
                 Agarwal",
  title =        "Correction to {`Directory-based cache coherence in
                 large-scale multiprocessor'}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "13--13",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 14 07:06:39 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Chaiken:1990:DCC}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
  classification = "C5320G (Semiconductor storage); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Directory-based cache coherence; Large-scale
                 multiprocessor; Speech bar chart",
  thesaurus =    "Buffer storage; Multiprocessing systems",
}

@Article{Singh:1990:GEI,
  author =       "Adit D. Singh and Singaravel Murugesan",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: Fault-Tolerant Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "15--17",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:53:56 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Massachusetts Univ., Amherst, MA, USA",
  classification = "C5470 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Airbus A320 aircraft; Fault tolerant capability; Fault
                 tolerant systems; Reliability; Telephone switching
                 networks",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing",
}

@Article{Nelson:1990:FCF,
  author =       "Victor P. Nelson",
  title =        "Fault-Tolerant Computing: Fundamental Concepts",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "19--25",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Fault tolerance is crucial in military and aerospace
                 computing, and desirable in other applications. This
                 review discusses basic concepts, mechanisms, and
                 strategies and sketches future directions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Auburn Univ, Auburn, AL, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Codes, Symbolic--Error Correction; Computer Fault
                 Tolerance; Computer Systems, Digital; Correction;
                 Digital systems; Error detection; Errors; Fault
                 containment; Fault Containment; Fault Tolerant
                 Capability; Fault-tolerant computing; Hardware;
                 Masking; Module replication; Protocol; Reconfiguration;
                 Reconfiguration/Repair; Repair; Self-checking logic;
                 Self-Checking Logic; System recovery; System Recovery;
                 Timing checks",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing",
}

@Article{Siewiorek:1990:FTC,
  author =       "Daniel P. Siewiorek",
  title =        "Fault Tolerance in Commercial Computers",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "26--37",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Now routine in general-purpose computing as well as
                 critical applications, error-handling capabilities must
                 be balanced carefully with overall system goals.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Commercial computers; Commercial Computers; Computer
                 Fault Tolerance; Computer Systems, Digital; Data
                 Processing, Business; Errors; Fault tolerance; Fault
                 Tolerance Taxonomy; Fault Tolerant Capability; IBM 3090
                 uniprocessors; Performance penalty; Sequoia
                 multiprocessors; Software redundancy; Stratus; Tandem;
                 Tandem Computers; Teradata; VAX 8600; VAXft 3000
                 multicomputers",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing",
}

@Article{Laprie:1990:DAH,
  author =       "Jean-Claude Laprie and Jean Arlat and Christian
                 Beounes and Karama Kanoun",
  title =        "Definition and Analysis of Hardware- and
                 Software-Fault-Tolerant Architectures",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "39--51",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Systems in which one piece of hardware supports
                 multiple software are subject to software failures and
                 require architectures that tolerate both hardware and
                 software faults.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse, France",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Computer Fault Tolerance;
                 Computer Software; Computer Systems, Digital; Cost
                 issues; Fault Tolerant Capability;
                 Hardware-fault-tolerant architectures; Software Fault
                 Tolerance; Software-fault-tolerant architectures",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Fault tolerant computing",
}

@Article{Geist:1990:REF,
  author =       "Robert Geist and Kishor S. Trivedi",
  title =        "Reliability Estimation of Fault-Tolerant Systems:
                 Tools and Techniques",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "52--61",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:01 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Comparatively evaluating state-of-the-art tools and
                 techniques helps us estimate the reliability of
                 fault-tolerant computing systems. We consider design
                 limitations, efficiency, and accuracy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dep of Comput Sci, Clemson Univ, Clemson, SC, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 922; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Fault Tolerance; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Fault Tolerant Capability; Fault-tolerant systems;
                 HARP; HEIRESS; heiress Simulation Model; Hierarchical
                 estimation; Hybrid automated reliability predictor;
                 Hybrid Automated Reliability Predictor (harp); Interval
                 reliability; Performance evaluator; Probability;
                 Reliability estimation; Reliability--Estimation; SAVE;
                 Semi-Markov Unreliability Range Estimator (sure);
                 SHARPE; Skewed sampling; SURE; Symbolic hierarchical
                 automated reliability; System availability estimator;
                 System Availability Estimator (save)",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing",
}

@Article{Fujiwara:1990:ECC,
  author =       "Eiji Fujiwara and Dhiraj K. Pradhan",
  title =        "Error-Control Coding in Computers",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "63--72",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:07 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "Imaginative use of low-level error-control techniques
                 can offset the need for massive high-level redundancy.
                 This article covers the application of codes in actual
                 systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept of Comput Sci, Tokyo Inst of Technol, Tokyo,
                 Japan",
  classification = "722; 723; B6120B (Codes); C1260 (Information
                 theory)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Bit-error-correcting; Byte-error-correcting; Codes,
                 Symbolic--Error Correction; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Data Storage, Digital--Control; Error control coding;
                 Error Correcting/Detecting Codes; Error-Control Coding;
                 Fault Tolerant Capability; High-speed memories; Mass
                 Memories; Mass memories; Memory Fault Tolerance;
                 Single-bit errors; Single-byte errors",
  thesaurus =    "Encoding; Error correction codes; Error detection
                 codes",
}

@Article{Koren:1990:FTV,
  author =       "Israel Koren and Adit D. Singh",
  title =        "Fault Tolerance in {VLSI} Circuits",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "73--83",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Fault-tolerant designs of very large ICs primarily
                 attempt to enhance yield. Such designs, first employed
                 in memory chips, now encompass random logic VLSI and
                 wafer-scale circuits.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Massachusetts
                 Univ., Amherst, MA, USA",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; 922; B2570 (Semiconductor integrated
                 circuits); C5470 (Performance evaluation and testing);
                 C7410D (Electronic engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Codes, Symbolic--Error Correction; Computer Systems,
                 Digital; Data Storage, Digital; Defect-tolerant
                 designs; Defective components; Fault Tolerant
                 Capability; Integrated Circuits, vlsi; Integrated
                 Circuits, WSI; Logic Circuit Fault Tolerance; Logic
                 Circuits; Memory Fault Tolerance; VLSI circuits;
                 Wafer-scale circuits; Yield models; Yield
                 Optimization",
  thesaurus =    "Electronic engineering computing; Fault tolerant
                 computing; VLSI",
}

@Article{McCluskey:1990:DTT,
  author =       "E. J. McCluskey",
  title =        "Design Techniques for Testable Embedded Error
                 Checkers",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "84--88",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Completely self-testing designs are available for all
                 the important checkers. The techniques outlined here
                 guarantee single-stuck fault testability.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Comput Syst Lab, Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Codes, Symbolic--Error Detection; Computer Fault
                 Tolerance; Computer Systems, Digital; Design
                 techniques; Equality checkers; Equality Checkers; Error
                 Detectors; Fault Tolerant Capability; M-out-of-N
                 checkers; Parity checkers; Parity Checkers;
                 Self-testing circuits; Self-Testing Circuits; Single
                 stuck fault testability; Testable embedded error
                 checkers; Testable Embedded Error Checkers; Two-rail
                 checkers; Types of error detectors",
  thesaurus =    "Error correction; Error detection; Fault tolerant
                 computing",
}

@Article{Isaak:1990:SHP,
  author =       "J. Isaak",
  title =        "Standards: the history of {Posix}: a study in the
                 standards process",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "89--92",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 14 07:06:39 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA, USA",
  classification = "C5610 (Computer interfaces); C6150J (Operating
                 systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Environments; Portable Operating System
                 Interface; Posix; Software engineering groups;
                 Standards",
  thesaurus =    "Computer interfaces; Operating systems [computers];
                 Standards",
}

@Article{Kamel:1990:GEI,
  author =       "Ragui Kamel",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: Voice in Computing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Strathmeyer:1990:VCO,
  author =       "Carl R. Strathmeyer",
  title =        "Voice in Computing: An Overview of Available
                 Technologies",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "10--15",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Barriers between voice and computing are falling. As
                 practitioners come to understand the technologies at
                 the intersection of these disciplines, new applications
                 are sure to appear.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Digital Equipment Corp., Andover, MA, USA",
  classification = "718; 723; 751; B6130 (Speech analysis and processing
                 techniques); C5260 (Digital signal processing); C5585
                 (Speech recognition and synthesis); C7410F
                 (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Software; Computing disciplines; Computing
                 system software; Connection control; Content
                 processing; Content Processing; Cross-disciplinary
                 dialogue; Digital Communication Systems--Voice/Data
                 Integrated Services; Integrated voice/data
                 communication; Modems; Payload; Processing; Software
                 architectures; Speech; Speech recognition; Speech
                 synthesis; Telephone Systems; Voice Channel; Voice
                 channel; Voice equipment; Voice technologies;
                 Voice-related applications; Voice/computing
                 applications; Voice/Computing Applications",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised signal processing; Speech analysis and
                 processing; Telecommunications computing; Voice
                 communication; Voice equipment",
}

@Article{OMalley:1990:TCT,
  author =       "Michael H. O'Malley",
  title =        "Text-to-Speech Conversion Technology",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "17--23",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Reading an English text out loud is currently the most
                 successful simulation by a. computer of a. complex
                 human mental function. This article shows how it can be
                 done.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Berkeley Speech Technologies, Berkeley, CA, USA",
  classification = "723; 751; B6130 (Speech analysis and processing
                 techniques); C5585 (Speech recognition and synthesis);
                 C6180N (Natural language processing); C7820
                 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Contemporary high-performance text-to-speech; Hardware
                 implementation; Phonetic rules; Phonetic Rules;
                 Prosodies; Signal Processing--Digital Techniques;
                 Speech; Speech parameters; Synthesis; T-T-S; Text
                 normalization; Text processing; Text-to-Speech
                 Conversion; Theoretical bases; TTS system; Vocal tract
                 models; Vocal Tract Models; Voice tables; Word
                 pronunciation",
  thesaurus =    "Linguistics; Speech analysis and processing; Speech
                 synthesis; Voice communication",
}

@Article{Peacocke:1990:ISS,
  author =       "Richard D. Peacocke and Daryl H. Graf",
  title =        "An Introduction to Speech and Speaker Recognition",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "26--33",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:17 1997",
  bibsource =    "Ai/Speech.bib; Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "Speech recognition, the ability to identify spoken
                 words, and speaker recognition, the ability to identify
                 who is saying them, are becoming commonplace
                 applications of speech processing technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bell Northern Research, Ottawa, Ont, Can",
  classification = "721; 723; 751; 922; B6130 (Speech analysis and
                 processing techniques); C1250C (Speech recognition);
                 C5260 (Digital signal processing); C5585 (Speech
                 recognition and synthesis); C6180N (Natural language
                 processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Automata Theory--Grammars; Controlled environmental
                 conditions; Digital signal processing module; Hidden
                 Markov Models; Isolated words; Limited vocabulary size;
                 Pattern-matching algorithm; Preprocessed signal
                 storage; Probability; Recognition; Reference speech
                 patterns; Signal Processing--Digital Techniques;
                 Speaker recognition; Speaker-dependent systems; Speech;
                 Speech capture device; Speech recognition system;
                 Speech recognition task; Tightly constrained grammar;
                 Tightly Constrained Grammar",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised signal processing; Speech recognition",
}

@Article{Lennig:1990:PSR,
  author =       "Matthew Lennig",
  title =        "Putting Speech Recognition to Work in the Telephone
                 Network",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "35--41",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The early success of an automated call-handling system
                 using interactive voice technologies foreshadows huge
                 savings for telephone companies and a wealth of new
                 services for consumers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bell-Northern Research, Ottawa, Ont, Can",
  classification = "718; 723; 751; B6130 (Speech analysis and processing
                 techniques); B6210D (Telephony); C1250C (Speech
                 recognition); C5585 (Speech recognition and synthesis);
                 C7410F (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "AABS system; Automated alternate billing service;
                 Automated Alternate Billing Service (aabs); Automation;
                 Calling-card-billed calls; Collect calls; Collect
                 Calls; Continuous speech; Isolated-word recognition;
                 Speaker-independent speech recognition;
                 Speaker-Independent Speech Recognition; Speech
                 recognition algorithm; Speech--Recognition; Telephone
                 network; Telephone Systems; Third-number-billed calls;
                 Voice interface; Voice Interface",
  thesaurus =    "Speech recognition; Telecommunications computing;
                 Telephone networks",
}

@Article{Nakatsu:1990:AAS,
  author =       "Ryohei Nakatsu",
  title =        "{Anser}: An Application of Speech Technology to the
                 {Japanese} Banking Industry",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "43--48",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Anser combines speech recognition and synthesis to
                 offer telephone banking services to millions of
                 customers. New technology will soon make the system
                 cheaper and expand its uses.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "NTT, Musashino, Japan",
  classification = "718; 723; 751; 911; B6130 (Speech analysis and
                 processing techniques); B6210D (Telephony); C1250C
                 (Speech recognition); C5585 (Speech recognition and
                 synthesis); C6180N (Natural language processing); C7120
                 (Finance); C7410F (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Anser; anser System; Data Processing; Dynamic Time
                 Warping; Financial Applications; Japanese banking
                 industry; Japanese Banking Industry; Potential
                 applications; Speech recognition; Speech synthesis;
                 Speech technology; Speech--Synthesis; Telephone banking
                 services; Telephone Banking Services; Telephone
                 Systems",
  thesaurus =    "Automatic telephone systems; Bank data processing;
                 Banking; Speech recognition; Speech synthesis;
                 Telecommunications computing",
}

@Article{Schmandt:1990:AWS,
  author =       "Chris Schmandt and Mark S. Ackerman and Debby Hindus",
  title =        "Augmenting a Window System with Speech Input",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "50--56",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:25 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "With Xspeak, window navigation tasks usually performed
                 with a mouse can be controlled by voice. A new version,
                 Xspeak II, incorporates a language for translating
                 spoken commands.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 751; 752; B6130 (Speech analysis and
                 processing techniques); C1250C (Speech recognition);
                 C6130B (Graphics techniques); C6150J (Operating
                 systems); C6180N (Natural language processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Interface Xspeak; Computer Interfaces;
                 Computer Peripheral Equipment--Graphics; Field study;
                 Microphones; Navigation application; Speech input;
                 Speech recognition; Speech--Recognition; Spoken
                 commands; Translating; Window Navigation; Window
                 navigation tasks; Window System; Window systems; Xspeak
                 II",
  thesaurus =    "Computer graphics; Multiprogramming; Speech
                 recognition; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Salisbury:1990:TDB,
  author =       "Mark W. Salisbury and Joseph H. Hendrickson and
                 Terence L. Lammers and Caroline Fu and Scott A. Moody",
  title =        "Talk and Draw: Bundling Speech and Graphics",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "59--65",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Responding to simultaneous spoken and graphical input,
                 a computer interface in development for the AWACS
                 defense system increases operator effectiveness in
                 directing military resources.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Boeing Aerospace \& Electronic Div, Seattle, WA, USA",
  classification = "404; 722; 723; 751; B6130 (Speech analysis and
                 processing techniques); C1250C (Speech recognition);
                 C5585 (Speech recognition and synthesis); C6130B
                 (Graphics techniques); C6180N (Natural language
                 processing); C7150 (Military); C7420 (Control
                 engineering); C7460 (Aerospace engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Airborne Warning and Control system (awacs); Airborne
                 warning/control system; AWACS interface prototype;
                 Command and Control Systems; Computer Graphics;
                 Computer Interfaces--Human Factors; Computer
                 Workstations; DEC Talker speech synthesizer;
                 Development issues; Grammar; Graphical input;
                 Integrated Graphical/Voice Input-Output; ITT VRS-1280
                 speech recognizer; Man-machine interface; MMI;
                 Prototype development; Speech synthesis;
                 Speech--Recognition; System architecture; Systems
                 Science and Cybernetics--Man Machine Systems;
                 Vocabulary; Voice I/O; Workstation",
  thesaurus =    "Aerospace computer control; Aerospace computing;
                 Computer graphics; Military computing; Speech
                 recognition; Speech synthesis; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Ludwig:1990:ENW,
  author =       "Lester F. Ludwig and Natalio Pincever and Michael
                 Cohen",
  title =        "Extending the Notion of a Window System to Audio",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "66--72",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Just as visual window systems let multiple
                 applications share display resources, an audio window
                 system could bring order to the cacophony of multiple
                 simultaneous audio sources.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bell Communications Research, Ottawa, Ont, Can",
  classification = "722; 723; 751; 752; B6450 (Audio equipment and
                 systems); C1250 (Pattern recognition); C5260 (Digital
                 signal processing); C6130B (Graphics techniques); C6180
                 (User interfaces); C7410F (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Audio Systems; Audio window system; Audio Window
                 System; Computer applications; Computer Interfaces;
                 Computer Peripheral Equipment--Terminals;
                 Computer-controlled switch; Digital signal processing
                 precision; Human input devices; Multimedia documents;
                 Multiple audio sources; Network-based server;
                 Organizational capabilities; Prototype system; Signal
                 processing methods; Signal Processing--Digital
                 Techniques; Spatial data management systems; Spatial
                 distribution; Spatial processing functions;
                 Speech--Processing; Teleconferencing; Terminal-based
                 system; Visual window systems",
  thesaurus =    "Audio signals; Audio systems; Computer graphics;
                 Computerised signal processing; Telecommunications
                 computing; Teleconferencing; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Kamel:1990:PSV,
  author =       "Ragui Kamel and Kamyar Emami and Robert Eckert",
  title =        "{PX}: Supporting Voice in Workstations",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "73--80",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:29 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The Personal Exchange (PX) research project explores
                 an architecture to provide personal workstation users
                 with dexterity in manipulating voice. This article
                 describes PX concepts and an initial implementation of
                 the architecture.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bell-Northern Research, Ottawa, Ont, Can",
  classification = "718; 722; 723; 751; B6130 (Speech analysis and
                 processing techniques); B6210D (Telephony); C5430
                 (Microcomputers); C6180N (Natural language processing);
                 C7410F (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Call-processing toolkit; Circuit server; Computer
                 Workstations; Digital Communication Systems; Personal
                 Exchange; Personal Exchange (PX); Personal Workstation;
                 Personal workstation users; PX concepts; PX voice
                 editor; Research project; Software; Speech--Processing;
                 Telephone; Telephone Exchanges; Voice-processing
                 toolkits; Voice-storage toolkit; Voice/Data Integrated
                 Services; Workstation adaptor; Workstation Adaptor",
  thesaurus =    "Speech analysis and processing; Telecommunications
                 computing; Telephone systems; Voice communication;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:IPS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{IEEE Project 802} standards efforts",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "84--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:PRe,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "103--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Image processing on the Macintosh",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Wing:1990:SIF,
  author =       "Jeanette M. Wing",
  title =        "A Specifier's Introduction to Formal Methods",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "8, 10--22, 24",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Applied to computer systems development, formal
                 methods provide mathematically based techniques that
                 describe system properties. As such, they present a.
                 framework for systematically specifying, developing,
                 and verifying systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6110B (Software engineering techniques); C6120
                 (File organisation); C6140D (High level languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Metatheory--Algorithmic Languages; Computer
                 Software; Computer system development; CSP; Formal
                 methods; Formal Methods; Formal specification
                 languages; Formal Specification Languages; Larch;
                 Mathematically based techniques; Software Engineering;
                 System properties; Temporal logic; Transition axioms;
                 VDM; Z",
  thesaurus =    "Data structures; Formal specification; Specification
                 languages",
}

@Article{Stasko:1990:TFS,
  author =       "John T. Stasko",
  title =        "{Tango}: {A} Framework and System for Algorithm
                 Animation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "27--39",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Distributed/networking.bib;
                 Graphics/imager/imager.90.bib;
                 Graphics/siggraph/90.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "Programmers can more easily understand programs
                 displayed in an animated graphical way. This article
                 introduces a. framework for algorithm animation and a.
                 system based on that framework.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Coll. of Comput., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta,
                 GA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6110B (Software engineering techniques);
                 C6130B (Graphics techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Algorithm animation; Algorithm Animation; Algorithms;
                 Bin-Packing Algorithm; Computer Graphics--Animation;
                 Computer Programming; First-fit bin-packing algorithm;
                 Path-transition; Program development; Program
                 evaluation; Program understanding; Tango",
  thesaurus =    "Computer animation; Software engineering",
}

@Article{Champine:1990:PAD,
  author =       "George A. Champine and Daniel E. {Geer, Jr.} and
                 William N. Ruh",
  title =        "{Project Athena} as a Distributed Computer System",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "40--51",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Now providing 10,000 students and faculty with a
                 variety of network services, MIT's educational
                 workstation system is designed to grow to 10 times its
                 present size.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 901; C5620L (Local area networks); C6150J
                 (Operating systems); C7110 (Education)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Science; Computer Systems, Digital; Computer
                 Workstations; Distributed; Distributed computer system;
                 Distributed operating systems; Distributed system
                 models; Distributed workstation system; Education;
                 Education--Computer Applications; MIT; Network
                 services; Project Athena; Servers",
  thesaurus =    "Educational administrative data processing; Local area
                 networks; Network operating systems",
}

@Article{Ziegler:1990:MCL,
  author =       "Chaim Ziegler and Gerald Weiss",
  title =        "Multimedia Conferencing on Local Area Networks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "52--61",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:32 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A. logical-ring shuttle packet can be used to deliver
                 voice, acknowledged, and unacknowledged data for
                 efficient multimedia conferencing using off-the-shelf
                 PC hardware.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. and Inf. Sci., Brooklyn Coll., New
                 York, NY, USA",
  classification = "718; 723; B6210L (Computer communications); B6210P
                 (Teleconferencing); C5620L (Local area networks);
                 C6160Z (Other DBMS); C7410F (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Networks--Local Area Networks; Computers,
                 Digital--Data Communication Systems; Conference
                 management; Data delivery; Data-delivery schema; File;
                 Heterogeneous; Homogeneous; Internetwork conferences;
                 Intranetwork conferences; Keyboard data; Local area
                 networks; Memo; Multicast transmission; Multimedia
                 Computer Conferencing; Multimedia conferences;
                 Multiparty conferences; Multiple information types;
                 Screen; Teleconferencing; Video; Voice",
  thesaurus =    "Local area networks; Multimedia systems;
                 Teleconferencing",
}

@Article{Mink:1990:MPI,
  author =       "Alan Mink and Robert J. Carpenter and George G. Nacht
                 and John W. Roberts",
  title =        "Multiprocessor Performance-Measurement
                 Instrumentation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "63--75",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:43 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The hybrid measurement systems developed by NIST are
                 implemented as VLSI chips. They introduce little
                 perturbation and provide physically small and
                 affordable performance-measurement support.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Natl Inst of Stand \& Technol, Gaithersburg, MD, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing); C7410H (Instrumentation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Hardware counters; Hardware sampling;
                 Hardware-supported measurement; Hybrid measurement
                 system; MIMD Architecture; MIMD systems;
                 Multiple-instruction multiple-data multiprocessor
                 systems; Multiprocessing; Performance Evaluation;
                 Performance-measurement instrumentation; Software
                 triggering; Tool; Trace measurement system; Trams; VLSI
                 chip set",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised instrumentation; Multiprocessing systems;
                 Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:GNT,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Gigabit Network Testbeds",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "77--80",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The National Science Foundation and the Defense
                 Advanced Research Projects Agency announced June 8 they
                 were awarding US\$15.8 million to the nonprofit
                 Corporation for National Research Initiatives to
                 investigate gigabit network communications. Five
                 testbeds around the country will examine gigabit
                 applications and network technologies. These summaries
                 were prepared by the testbeds.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "723; B6210L (Computer communications); C5620
                 (Computer networks and techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Aurora; Blanca; Casa; Computational resources;
                 Computer Networks; Computer Systems,
                 Digital--Distributed; Distributed supercomputing;
                 Gigabit applications; Gigabit National Research and
                 Education Network; Gigabit/second networks;
                 High-performance hosts; National Research and Education
                 Network; Nectar; Network technologies; Network
                 Testbeds; Phase three; Programming tools;
                 Public-network standards; Scientific problems; SONET
                 interface; Synchronous optical network; Testing;
                 Vistanet; Wide-area high-speed networks; Wide-area
                 network testbed",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:S,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Standards",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "82--??",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The evolving relationship between open standards and
                 technology",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Das:1990:DMM,
  author =       "Chita R. Das and Jeffrey T. Kreulen and Matthew J.
                 Thazhuthaveetil and Laxmi N. Bhuyan",
  title =        "Dependability Modeling for Multiprocessors",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "7--19",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:48 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "In addition to delivering high performance,
                 multiprocessors must be dependable in the presence of
                 faults. This tutorial describes modeling techniques to
                 assess multiprocessor dependability.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Computers, Digital--Reliability; Dependability
                 modelling; Distributed-memory architectures;
                 Distributed-Memory Multiprocessors; Interconnection
                 Networks; Multiprocessing; Multiprocessors; Reliability
                 evaluation; Shared-memory; Shared-Memory
                 Multiprocessors; Software packages",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing; Multiprocessing systems;
                 Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Ancona:1990:SAF,
  author =       "Massimo Ancona and Gabriella Dodero and Vittoria
                 Gianuzzi and Andrea Clematis and Eduardo B. Fernandez",
  title =        "A System Architecture for Fault Tolerance in
                 Concurrent Software",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "23--32",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This proposed architecture separates the application
                 from the recovery software, giving programmers a single
                 environment that lets them use the most appropriate
                 fault-tolerance scheme.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept of Math, Univ of Genova, Italy",
  classification = "722; 723; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing); C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Application software; Computer Software--Software
                 Engineering; Computer Systems
                 Programming--Multiprocessing Programs; Computer
                 Systems, Digital; Concurrent Programming; Concurrent
                 software; Error recovery; Fault tolerance; Fault
                 Tolerant Capability; Kernel layers; Recovery
                 metaprogram; System architecture",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing; Parallel programming",
}

@Article{Ramanathan:1990:FCS,
  author =       "Parameswaran Ramanathan and Kang G. Shin and Ricky W.
                 Butler",
  title =        "Fault-Tolerant Clock Synchronization in Distributed
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "33--42",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:52 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software algorithms are suitable only where loose
                 synchronization is acceptable, and hardware algorithms
                 are expensive. A hybrid scheme achieves reasonably
                 tight synchronization and is cost-effective.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Software--Applications; Computer Systems,
                 Digital; Computers, Digital--Synchronization;
                 Consistency algorithms; Convergence-averaging;
                 Convergence-nonaveraging; Distributed; Distributed
                 systems; Fault tolerant clock synchronisation;
                 Fault-Tolerant Systems; Hardware synchronization
                 algorithms; Hybrid synchronization; Probabilistic
                 synchronization; Software synchronization algorithms;
                 Synchronization Algorithms; Worst-case clock skews",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Fault tolerant computing;
                 Synchronisation",
}

@Article{Franklin:1990:BSR,
  author =       "Manoj Franklin and Kewal K. Saluja",
  title =        "Built-in Self-Testing of Random-Access Memories",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "45--56",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "An examination of BIST schemes indicates that
                 approaches based on test architectures rather than on
                 test algorithms are versatile and will likely
                 predominate in the future.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; B0170E (Production facilities and
                 engineering); B1265D (Memory circuits); B7210B
                 (Automatic test and measurement systems); C5320G
                 (Semiconductor storage)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Automatic Testing; Built-in Self-Test (bist); Data
                 Storage, Digital; Fault models; Fault-Tolerance;
                 Generic test architectures; Random Access;
                 Random-access memories; Test algorithms; Test
                 architectures",
  thesaurus =    "Built-in self test; Memory architecture; Random-access
                 storage",
}

@Article{Manber:1990:CRN,
  author =       "Udi Manber",
  title =        "Chain Reactions in Networks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "57--63",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Theoretically, it's impossible to prevent the berserk
                 loops of messages that can bring down an entire
                 computer network. But a carefully applied set of rules
                 will minimize these disasters.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept of Comput Sci, Univ of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5620 (Computer networks and techniques);
                 C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Berserk loops; Computer network; Computer Network
                 Disasters; Computer Networks; Computer Operating
                 Systems--Failure and Recovery; Distributed programs;
                 Network disasters; Performance",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Security of data",
}

@Article{Gries:1990:TSR,
  author =       "David Gries and Dorothy Marsh",
  title =        "The 1988--89 {Taulbee Survey Report}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "65--71",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:54:56 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The Computing Research Board's survey shows an 8
                 percent increase in PhDs granted. Of the 625 new PhDs,
                 none are black, six are Hispanic, and 87 are women.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY,
                 USA",
  classification = "723; 901; C0220 (Education and training)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "1988-89 Taulbee survey report; Computer Science;
                 Computing departments; Education; Employment; Forsythe
                 list; PhDs; Taulbee Survey Report",
  thesaurus =    "Computer science education",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:UIM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "User interface management systems and application
                 portability",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "73--??",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Pappas:1990:POL,
  author =       "T. L. (Frank) Pappas",
  title =        "{\POSTSCRIPT} output on a {LaserJet} printer",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "82--88",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Aug 29 17:27:22 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Frieder:1990:MAR,
  author =       "Ophir Frieder",
  title =        "Multiprocessor Algorithms for Relational-Database
                 Operators on Hypercube Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "13--28",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "As database expand and applications become more
                 diverse, demands on computational engines supporting
                 database processing increase. With appropriate
                 algorithms, commercially available systems can meet the
                 demands.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., George Mason Univ., Fairfax,
                 VA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6160D
                 (Relational DBMS)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Systems, Digital--Multiprocessing; Database
                 Systems; Hypercube interconnected architectures;
                 Hypercube systems; Hypercube-Based Database System;
                 Join Operator; Multiprocessor Algorithms; Multiscan
                 Database Operators; Multiscan operations; Relational;
                 Relational Database Operators; Relational-database
                 operators; Uniscan",
  thesaurus =    "Hypercube networks; Parallel algorithms; Relational
                 databases; Special purpose computers",
}

@Article{Zelkowitz:1990:FCM,
  author =       "Marvin V. Zelkowitz",
  title =        "A Functional Correctness Model of Program
                 Verification",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "30--39",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:55:03 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This model's verification conditions depend only on
                 elementary symbolic execution of a trace table. An
                 easy-to-learn technique, it's used in a freshman
                 computer science course.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept of Comput Sci, Univ of Maryland, College Park,
                 MD, USA",
  classification = "723; C6110B (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Metatheory--Programming Theory; Computer
                 Programming; Computer Software--Software Engineering;
                 Data Abstractions; Elementary symbolic execution;
                 Functional Correctness Model; Functional correctness
                 model; Program verification; Program Verification
                 Model; Trace table",
  thesaurus =    "Program verification",
}

@Article{Darragh:1990:RKP,
  author =       "John J. Darragh and Ian H. Witten and Mark L. James",
  title =        "The Reactive Keyboard: {A} Predictive Typing Aid",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "41--49",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:55:07 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "A new interface that partially automates typed input
                 increases the speed and ease of communicating with a
                 computer, especially for physically disabled people.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Calgary Univ., Alta., Canada",
  classification = "461; 722; C5540B (Interactive-input devices)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "1 MB; Adaptive Predictive Text Generation; Apple
                 Macintosh computer; Computer Peripheral Equipment;
                 Computer system; Free text; Human Rehabilitation
                 Engineering; Keyboards; Macintosh mouse-and-window
                 environment; Physically disabled people; Predictive
                 Typing Aid; Predictive typing aid; Reactive Keyboard;
                 Typewritten communication",
  numericalindex = "Memory size 1.0E+06 Byte",
  thesaurus =    "Handicapped aids; Keyboards; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Freundlich:1990:KBD,
  author =       "Yehudah Freundlich",
  title =        "Knowledge Bases and Databases: Converging
                 Technologies, Diverging Interests",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "51--57",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:55:13 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Knowledge-based technology brought the perspective of
                 knowledge to applications programming and database
                 modeling. But KB specialists focus on the knowledge
                 level, whereas database specialists focus on the data
                 level.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Data General Corp., Milford, MA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6160Z (Other DBMS); C6170 (Expert systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Database Systems; Databases; Expert databases; Expert
                 Systems; Knowledge Bases; Knowledge bases; Knowledge
                 Bases vs. Databases; Knowledge-based programming;
                 Knowledge-Based Programming",
  thesaurus =    "Deductive databases; Knowledge based systems",
}

@Article{Mooney:1990:SSA,
  author =       "James D. Mooney",
  title =        "Strategies for Supporting Application Portability",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "59--70",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Many strategies are available to improve application
                 portability. System designers and application designers
                 must work together to produce the best solutions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Stat. and Comput. Sci., West Virginia Univ.,
                 Morgantown, WV, USA",
  classification = "723; C6110B (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Application portability; Application Programs
                 Portability; Binary Portability; Computer Operating
                 Systems--Program Translators; Computer Software;
                 Dynamic Portability; Dynamic portability;
                 Execution-time interfaces; International exchange;
                 Operating-system; Portability; Portable Operating
                 Systems; Software Reusability; System-design
                 strategies; Target environment; User interface
                 portability; User Interface Portability",
  thesaurus =    "Software portability",
}

@Article{Myers:1990:GCS,
  author =       "Brad A. Myers and Dario A. Giuse and Roger B.
                 Dannenberg and Brad Vander Zanden and David S. Kosbie
                 and Edward Pervin and Andrew Mickish and Philippe
                 Marchal",
  title =        "{Garnet}: Comprehensive Support for Graphical, Highly
                 Interactive User Interfaces",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "71--85",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:55:34 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Garnet helps create highly interactive user interfaces
                 by emphasizing easy specification of object behavior,
                 often by demonstration and without programming.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6115 (Programming support); C6130B (Graphics
                 techniques); C6180 (User interfaces)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Graphics; Computer Interfaces; Computer
                 Programming--Object Oriented Programming;
                 Direct-manipulation user interfaces; Garnet; Garnet
                 Research Project; Garnet Toolkit; Highly Interactive
                 User Interfaces; Interactive; Interactive user
                 interfaces; Jade Dialog Box Creation System; Object
                 behavior; Object-oriented graphics system; Product
                 design; User-interface metaphors",
  thesaurus =    "Graphical user interfaces; Object-oriented
                 programming; Software tools",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:AVJ,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "An {American}'s view of the {Japanese} standards
                 system",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "87--??",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:PRf,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "94--??",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Object oriented programming: Smalltalk-80 and
                 Objectworks; Hardware to support graphical user
                 interfaces; Microsoft C 6.0; A combined mouse,
                 trackball, keypad",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Pancake:1990:DPL,
  author =       "Cherri M. Pancake and Donna Bergmark",
  title =        "Do Parallel Languages Respond to the Needs of
                 Scientific Programmers?",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "13--23",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Scientific researchers don't develop parallel programs
                 the way computer scientists do. This article explains
                 why existing languages may not provide enough support
                 for scientific programming.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci. and Eng., Auburn Univ., AL,
                 USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C6110 (Systems analysis and programming);
                 C6140D (High level languages); C7300 (Natural
                 sciences)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Programming Languages; Computer scientists;
                 Computer Systems, Digital --- Parallel Processing; Data
                 Processing; Engineering applications; Language support;
                 Mathematical Programming, Dynamic; Multiple data;
                 Multiple instruction; Multiprocessors; Natural Sciences
                 Applications; Parallel applications; Parallel Computer
                 Languages; Parallel languages; Parallel Scientific
                 Programming; Research efforts; Runtime Libraries;
                 Scalar MIMD; Scientific programmers; Scientific
                 researchers; Supercomputers; Vector/Scalar MIMD
                 Multiprocessors",
  thesaurus =    "Natural sciences computing; Parallel languages;
                 Parallel machines; Parallel programming",
}

@Article{Berlin:1990:CSC,
  author =       "Andrew Berlin and Daniel Weise",
  title =        "Compiling Scientific Code Using Partial Evaluation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "25--37",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Partial evaluation transforms a. high-level program
                 into a. low-level program that is specialized for a.
                 particular application. This exposes the parallelism
                 inherent in the underlying numerical computation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C6110 (Systems analysis and programming);
                 C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors);
                 C6150J (Operating systems); C7300 (Natural sciences)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Operating Systems --- Program Compilers;
                 Computer Simulation; Computer Systems, Digital ---
                 Parallel Processing; Data Processing; High-level
                 program; Low-level parallelism; Low-level program;
                 Natural Sciences Applications; Nine-body solar system;
                 Nine-Body Solar System Simulation; Numerical programs;
                 Parallel architectures; Parallel scheduler; Parallel
                 Scheduling; Parallel scheduling techniques; Partial
                 evaluation approach; Partial Evaluations Transforms;
                 Partially evaluated program; Performance improvements;
                 Pipelined; Prototype compiler; Scientific code;
                 Scientific Code Compiling; Underlying numerical
                 computation",
  thesaurus =    "Natural sciences computing; Parallel architectures;
                 Parallel programming; Program compilers; Scheduling",
}

@Article{Skillicorn:1990:APC,
  author =       "David B. Skillicorn",
  title =        "Architecture-Independent Parallel Computation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "38--50",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Locality-based computation, the foundation for an
                 architecture-independent programming language grounded
                 in the Bird-Meertens formalism, shows that
                 architecture-independent parallel programming is
                 possible.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. and Inf. Sci., Queen's Univ.,
                 Kingston, Ont., Canada",
  annote =       "The paper reviews some of the standard parallel
                 architectures and then goes on to propose a new model
                 for realising AIPC --- the {Bird-Meertens} formalism.
                 This method is briefly described and then compared with
                 other existing techniques.",
  classification = "722; 723; 921; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5320G
                 (Semiconductor storage); C5440 (Multiprocessor systems
                 and techniques); C6110 (Systems analysis and
                 programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Architecture-Independent Parallel Computation;
                 Architecture-independent properties; Bird-Meertens
                 formalism; Bird-Meertens Formalism; Computer Metatheory
                 --- Programming Theory; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Constant-valence MIMD computers;
                 Constant-valence-topology; Data Processing --- Data
                 Structures; Functional programming languages; Hypercube
                 systems; Hypercuboid computers; Kestrel Interactive
                 Development System; Loosely coupled-system; Major
                 parallel architecture classes; Mathematical
                 Programming, Dynamic; MIMD Computers; Nontrivial
                 restrictions; Parallel computation; Parallel
                 Processing; Parallel random Access Machine; PRAM model;
                 SIMD; SIMD Computers; Single-instruction multiple-data;
                 Tightly coupled multiple-instruction multiple-data",
  thesaurus =    "Hypercube networks; Parallel architectures; Parallel
                 machines; Parallel programming; Random-access storage",
}

@Article{Lawson:1990:PEC,
  author =       "Harold W. Lawson",
  title =        "Philosophies for Engineering Computer-Based Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "52--63",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A. sound problem-relevant philosophy in the key to
                 achieving successful implementation of complex
                 computer-based systems. Software engineering methods
                 and tools will naturally flow from this foundation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Lawson Publishing and Consulting Inc., Lidingo,
                 Sweden",
  classification = "433; 681; 706; 722; 723; 912; C6110B (Software
                 engineering techniques); C6140D (High level languages);
                 C7400 (Engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Automatic train control; Automatic Train Control;
                 Complex computer-based systems; Complex real-time
                 applications; Computer Simulation Languages; Computer
                 Software --- Software Engineering; Computer Systems,
                 Digital --- Real Time Operation; Computer-Based Systems
                 Engineering; Engineering computer-based systems;
                 Philosophy-relevant factors; Power Dispatching; Power
                 dispatching; Problem-relevant philosophy; Railroads ---
                 Traffic Control; Simula; Simula Language; Software
                 engineering methods; Systems Engineering;
                 Telecommunication software; Telecommunication Systems",
  thesaurus =    "Engineering computing; Philosophical aspects;
                 Real-time systems; Simula; Software engineering",
}

@Article{Weicker:1990:OCB,
  author =       "Reinhold P. Weicker",
  title =        "An Overview of Common Benchmarks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "65--75",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "``Fair benchmarking'' would be less of an oxymoron if
                 those using benchmark results knew what tasks the
                 benchmarks really perform and what they measure.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Siemens Nixdorf Informationssyst. AG, Munchen, West
                 Germany",
  classification = "722; 723; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and
                 evaluating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Benchmark performance; Common benchmarks; Computer
                 Operating Systems --- Program Compilers; Computer
                 Programming languages; Computers, Digital; Drystone;
                 Drystone Benchmark; EDN benchmarks; edn Benchmarks;
                 Linpack; Livermore Fortran Kernels; Performance;
                 Rhealstone; Rhealstone Benchmark; Sieve of
                 Eratosthenes; SPEC benchmarks; spec Benchmarks;
                 Stanford Small Programs Benchmark Set; Synthetic
                 benchmarks; Whetstone; Whetstone Benchmark",
  thesaurus =    "Performance evaluation; Program testing; Software
                 selection",
}

@Article{Kemp:1990:SIT,
  author =       "Alasdair Kemp",
  title =        "Standards: Information technology standardization is
                 key area of interest to {IEE}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "76--78",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "723; 902; C0200 (General computer topics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Networks; Computer Software; IEE standards
                 services; Information Technology Standardization;
                 Information technology standardization; Information
                 technology standards development; IT standards; it
                 Standards Dissemination; Members; Project disc;
                 Standardization; Standards Database; Standards
                 information; UK",
  thesaurus =    "DP industry; Standards",
}

@Article{Patt:1991:GEI,
  author =       "Yale N. Patt",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: Experimental Research in
                 Computer Architecture",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "14--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Pease:1991:PPE,
  author =       "Daniel Pease and Arif Ghafoor and Ishfaq Ahmad and
                 David L. Andrews and Kamal Foudil-Bey and Thomas E.
                 Karpinski and Mohammad A. Mikki and Mohamed Zerrouki",
  title =        "{PAWS}: {A} Performance Evaluation Tool for Parallel
                 Computing Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "18--29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:55:39 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib; Parallel/taxonomy.bib",
  abstract =     "PAWS (Parallel Assessment Window System) provides an
                 interactive user-friendly environment for analysis of
                 existing, prototype, and conceptual machine
                 architectures running a common application.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Syracuse Univ., NY, USA",
  annote =       "PAWS (parallel assessment window system) is a system
                 for performing machine evaluation and comparisons.
                 Consists of 2 front end stages: the application
                 characterisation and the machine char. The appl. tool
                 determines, using data analysis, the order of execution
                 and the granularity of the application, before
                 converting from the spec language (APL) to IF1
                 (intermediate form 1 --- originally developed as the
                 target language for SISAL). The machine is then
                 modelled using number and flexibility of the functional
                 units, the number of processors, the memory bandwidth
                 and hierarchy and the type of interconnection network
                 as the basis for comparison. Then each processor is
                 described in greater depth, almost to the
                 sub-componenet level.",
  classification = "722; 723; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Application characterization tool; Architectural
                 characterization tool; Computer Graphics ---
                 Interactive; Computer Performance Evaluation Tool;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Computers, Digital ---
                 Evaluation; Database; Interactive graphical display
                 tool; Interactive Graphical Display Tool; Interactive
                 user-friendly environment; Machine-independent dataflow
                 graph; Parallel assessment window system; Parallel
                 Assessment Window System (paws); Parallel computing
                 systems; Parallel Processing; PAWS; Performance
                 evaluation tool; Profile plots",
  thesaurus =    "Interactive systems; Parallel processing; Performance
                 evaluation; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Stunkel:1991:ATP,
  author =       "Craig B. Stunkel and Bob Janssens and W. Kent Fuchs",
  title =        "Address Tracing for Parallel Machines",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--38",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This survey of recently implemented approaches to
                 address tracing highlights the issues specific to
                 collection of traces for both shared and distributed
                 memory parallel computers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
                 NY, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Altered microcode-based; Computer Architecture ---
                 Microprogramming; Computer Systems, Digital; Data
                 Storage, Digital; Distributed memory; Distributed
                 Memory Multiprocessors; Hardware-captured; Instrumented
                 program-based traces; Interrupt-based; Metrics;
                 Multiprocessors; Parallel machines; Parallel
                 Processing; Parallel System Address-Tracing Methods;
                 Parallel system address-tracing methods; Shared memory;
                 Shared-Memory Multiprocessors; Simulation-based",
  thesaurus =    "Parallel machines; Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Mangione-Smith:1991:PCI,
  author =       "William Mangione-Smith and Santosh G. Abraham and
                 Edward S. Davidson",
  title =        "A performance comparison of the {IBM RS\slash 6000}
                 and the {Astronautics ZS-1}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "39--46",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:55:43 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Application-specific performance bounds for two
                 superscalar machines, and the DECstation 3100, help
                 explain actual delivered performance and indicate areas
                 for improvement.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Astronautics ZS-1; Benchmark; Computer Architecture;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Concurrent Uniprocessor
                 Architectures; Concurrent uniprocessor architectures;
                 DECstation 3100; Fine-Grain Parallelism; IBM RS/6000;
                 Measured performance; Model-derived bounds; Parallel
                 Processing; Performance comparison; Performance loss;
                 Superscalar Processors",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Conte:1991:BC,
  author =       "Thomas M. Conte and Wen-mei W. Hwu",
  title =        "Benchmark Characterization",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--56",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "How do you design with benchmark performance in mind?
                 This article presents an abstract system of benchmark
                 characteristics that lets you succeed at the very
                 beginning of the design stage.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Illinois, IL, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Abstract system; Benchmark characteristics; Benchmark
                 Characterization; Benchmark performance; Cache
                 Requirements; Computer Operating Systems; Computer
                 Systems, Digital; Data Storage, Digital; Design;
                 Industry-standard applications; Memory-system;
                 Operating-system characteristics; Systems Performance
                 Evaluation Cooperative; Systems Performance Evaluation
                 Cooperative (spec)",
  thesaurus =    "Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Mudge:1991:DM,
  author =       "Trevor N. Mudge and Richard B. Brown and William P.
                 Birmingham and Jeffrey A. Dykstra and Ayman I. Kayssi
                 and Ronald J. Lomax and Oyekunle A. Olukotun and Karem
                 A. Sakallah and Raymond A. Milano",
  title =        "The Design of a Microsupercomputer",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "57--64",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:55:47 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Using advanced GaAs technology and a multichip module
                 package, this prototype next-generation machine takes
                 advantage of the best of both the microprocessor and
                 supercomputer traditions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5430
                 (Microcomputers); C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Application software; Cache Architecture; Computer
                 Aided Design; Computers, Microcomputer; Computers,
                 Supercomputer; Design; Enhancement/Depletion
                 Direct-Coupled fet Logic; GaAs MESFET
                 enhancement/depletion direct-coupled FET logic;
                 Hardware implementations; Logic Design; Microprocessor;
                 Microsupercomputer; Microsupercomputer Design; MIPS
                 Computer Systems instruction set; Networking protocols;
                 Packaging; Prototype microcomputer; Semiconductor
                 Devices, MESFET; Supercomputer; Unix environment",
  thesaurus =    "Field effect integrated circuits; Instruction sets;
                 Integrated logic circuits; Microcomputers; Parallel
                 processing; Protocols",
}

@Article{Farrens:1991:IPP,
  author =       "Matthew K. Farrens and Andrew R. Pleszkun",
  title =        "Implementation of the {PIPE} Processor",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--70",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:55:52 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The PIPE processor chip demonstrates that supporting
                 architectural queues does not complicate the
                 instruction issue logic, and frees the processor clock
                 rate from external memory speed influences.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of California, Davis, CA, USA",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Architectural queues; Architectural Queues; Barrel
                 shifter; Branch count; Cache control logic; Cache
                 Control Logic; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 High-performance computer architectures; Instruction
                 fetch logic design; Instruction set; Integrated
                 Circuits, vlsi; Issue logic; Logic Design; Parallel
                 instruction; Parallel Instruction with Pipelined
                 Execution (pipe); pipe Processor; PIPE processor;
                 Pipeline Processing; Pipelined execution; Processor
                 clock rate; Research project; VLSI implementation",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Instruction sets",
}

@Article{Vranesic:1991:HHS,
  author =       "Zvonko G. Vranesic and Michael Stumm and David M.
                 Lewis and Ron White",
  title =        "{Hector}: {A} Hierarchically Structured Shared-Memory
                 Multiprocessor",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--79",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:55:56 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Hierarchical structure results in a fast backplane and
                 a bandwidth that increases linearly with the number of
                 processors. Hector scales efficiently to larger sizes
                 and faster processors.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Toronto Univ., Ont., Canada",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Computer Interfaces; Computer
                 Systems, Digital; Computers --- Data Communication
                 Systems; Cost/performance tradeoff; Data Transmission
                 --- Packet Switching; Fast backplane; Hector;
                 Hierarchical Computer; Hierarchically structured
                 shared-memory multiprocessor; Inter-Ring Interface;
                 Interconnection backplane; Logic circuits;
                 Microprocessor technology; Multiprocessing;
                 Shared-Memory Multiprocessor Hector; Short critical
                 paths; Short lines",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Multiprocessing systems",
}

@Article{Gokhale:1991:BUHb,
  author =       "Maya Gokhale and William Holmes and Andrew Kopser and
                 Sara Lucas and Ronald Minnich and Douglas Sweely and
                 Daniel Lopresti",
  title =        "Building and Using a Highly Parallel Programmable
                 Logic Array",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--89",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 24 15:40:54 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/string-matching.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  abstract =     "Construction of real hardware and feedback from real
                 users contributed to Splash's design, development, and
                 success. For certain pattern-matching applications its
                 price/performance ratio is unmatched.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Supercomputing Res Center, Bowie, MD, USA",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; 912; B1265B (Logic circuits); C5120
                 (Logic and switching circuits); C5210 (Logic design
                 methods)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Systems, Digital; Computers, Supercomputer;
                 Cray-2; Ergonomics; Hardware development; Highly
                 parallel programmable logic array; Logic description
                 generator; Logic Design; Parallel Processing; Parallel
                 Programmable Logic Array; Programming; Runtime
                 environment; Sequence comparison; Splash; splash
                 Programmable Logic Array; Sun workstation; Sun
                 Workstation; Sun workstation; Two-slot addition",
  thesaurus =    "Logic arrays; Logic design",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:DSC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Do standards cause software productivity problems?",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "97--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:PRa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "107--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A pair of neural packages for research; Applying
                 technology with Neuralworks Professional II",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Zeng:1991:PBG,
  author =       "Kencheng Zeng and Chung-Huang Yang and Dah-Yea Wei and
                 T. R. N. Rao",
  title =        "Pseudorandom Bit Generators in Stream-Cipher
                 Cryptography",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "8--17",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:56:11 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The information age lends new dimensions to the art of
                 cryptography. Techniques for encryption, decryption,
                 and fending off attacks from intruders provide the only
                 protection of sensitive data.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Center for Adv Comput Studies, Univ of Southwestern
                 Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, USA",
  classification = "723; 922; C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods); C6130
                 (Data handling techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cryptography; Data Processing --- Security of Data;
                 Keystream generators; Linear Consistency Attack; Linear
                 feedback shift registers; Linear Syndrome Attack;
                 Mathematical Statistics --- Random Number Generation;
                 Multiclocking; Nonlinear feedforward transformation;
                 Nonlinear Feedforward Transformation; Pseudorandom Bit
                 Generators; Pseudorandom bit generators; Siegenthaler
                 Correlation Attack; Step control; Stream-cipher
                 cryptography; Stream-Cipher Cryptography",
  thesaurus =    "Cryptography; Feedback; Random number generation;
                 Shift registers",
}

@Article{Mettrey:1991:CEE,
  author =       "William Mettrey",
  title =        "A Comparative Evaluation of Expert System Tools",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "19--31",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Five expert system tools--ART-IM, CLIPS, KES, Level 5,
                 and VAX OPS5--were analyzed for their functionality,
                 performance, advantages, and disadvantages. To help
                 users make sound selections, this article presents the
                 results of that survey.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bell-Northern Res., Research Triangle Park, NC, USA",
  classification = "723; 912; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing); C6170 (Expert systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "art-im Expert System Tool; ARTIM; Automated Reasoning
                 Tool for Information Management; Backward-chaining
                 orientation; C Language Integrated Production System; C
                 Language Integrated Production System (clips); CLIPS;
                 Comparative evaluation; Computer Integrated
                 Manufacturing; Expert system tools; Expert System
                 Tools; Expert Systems; Heuristic classification; KES;
                 Knowledge Engineering System; Knowledge Engineering
                 System (KES); Level 5; Level 5 Expert System;
                 Management --- Information Systems; VAX OPS5; VAX OPS5
                 Expert System",
  thesaurus =    "Expert systems; Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Cheriton:1991:PHS,
  author =       "David R. Cheriton and Hendrik A. Goosen and Patrick D.
                 Boyle",
  title =        "{Paradigm}: {A} Highly Scalable Shared-Memory
                 Multicomputer Architecture",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "33--46",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:56:20 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib; Parallel/distmem.bib",
  abstract =     "Paradigm demonstrates the feasibility of building a
                 low-cost, shared-memory parallel computer with
                 high-performance microprocessors that scales to large
                 configurations.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Computers, Microcomputer; Data Storage, Digital; Highly
                 scalable shared-memory multicomputer architecture;
                 Large-scale machine; Paradigm; Parallel application
                 program; Parallel distributed global memory; Parallel
                 Distributed Global Memory (paradigm); Parallel
                 Processing; Performance issues; Scalability; Scalable
                 Parallel Computer Systems; Shared-Memory Multicomputer
                 Architecture; VMP architecture design, Stanford DEC
                 Digital Equipment Corporation",
  thesaurus =    "Parallel architectures; Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Mukherjee:1991:IVC,
  author =       "Biswanath Mukherjee",
  title =        "Integrated Voice-Data Communication over High-Speed
                 Fiber Optic Networks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "49--58",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The characteristics of digitized voice facilitate its
                 integration with data over packet-switched computer
                 networks. Here, we survey a number of proposed
                 protocols for high-speed fiber optic networks.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept of Electr Eng \& Comput Sci, Univ of California,
                 Davis, CA, USA",
  classification = "717; 723; B4125 (Fibre optics); B6210L (Computer
                 communications); B6260 (Optical links and equipment);
                 C5620L (Local area networks)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "C-Net Protocol; Computer Networks --- Protocols; Data
                 Transmission --- Packet Switching; Digital
                 Communication Systems; expressnet Protocol; Fiber Optic
                 LAN/MAN; High-speed fiber optic networks; Information
                 transfer; Integrated voice-data communication; LANs;
                 MANs; Non-Train-Oriented Voice/Data Protocols; Optical
                 Communication; Packet Voice; Packet voice
                 characteristics; Protocols; Train-oriented;
                 Train-Oriented Voice/Data Protocols; Unidirectional
                 buses; Voice/Data Integrated Services",
  thesaurus =    "Data communication systems; Local area networks;
                 Optical fibres; Protocols; Speech analysis and
                 processing",
}

@Article{Caldiera:1991:IQR,
  author =       "Gianluigi Caldiera and Victor R. Basili",
  title =        "Identifying and Qualifying Reusable Software
                 Components",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "61--71",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:56:24 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software metrics provide a way to automate the
                 extraction of reusable software components from
                 existing systems, reducing the amount of code that
                 experts must analyze.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Maryland Univ., College Park,
                 MD, USA",
  classification = "723; C0310F (Software development management);
                 C6110B (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Automated techniques; Code; Computer Software; Domain
                 expert; Feedback; Identification phase; Metrics;
                 Qualifying reusable software components; Reusable
                 Software Components Extraction; Software Component
                 Extraction Automation; Software Engineering; Software
                 Metrics; Software models; Software Reusability
                 Attributes Model",
  thesaurus =    "Software metrics",
}

@Article{McFarland:1991:SES,
  author =       "Michael C. McFarland",
  title =        "Standards: Ethics and the safety of computer systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "72--75",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Boston Coll., MA, USA",
  classification = "462; 723; 901; C0230 (Economic, social and political
                 aspects); C7140 (Medical administration)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Applications; Computer failures; Computer
                 systems; Computer Systems Ethics/Safety; Critical
                 systems; Data Processing --- Hospital Applications;
                 Engineering --- Professional Aspects; Ethical analysis;
                 Ethics; Ethics of Virtue; Ethics of virtue; Health
                 Care; Medical Information Systems; Medical information
                 systems; Normative Ethics; Normative ethics; Safety;
                 Social Ethics; Social ethics; Standards",
  thesaurus =    "Medical administrative data processing; Security of
                 data; Social aspects of automation",
}

@Article{Kriewall:1991:GEI,
  author =       "Timothy J. Kriewall and John M. Long",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: Computer-Based Medical
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "9--13",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Myers:1991:EMM,
  author =       "Glenn A. Myers and Keith R. Sherman and Lawrence
                 Stark",
  title =        "Eye Monitor: Microcomputer-Based Instrument Uses an
                 Internal Model to Track the Eye",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "14--21",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:56:29 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Using an internal model of the eye's geometry, this
                 system makes real-time corrections for head and eye
                 movements while measuring pupillary responses to
                 controlled light stimuli.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Iowa Univ., Iowa City, IA,
                 USA",
  classification = "461; 723; 741; 902; A8732 (Physiological optics,
                 vision); A8770 (Biomedical engineering); C7330 (Biology
                 and medicine); C7410H (Instrumentation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Circular tracking Window; Clinical detection;
                 Computers, Microcomputer --- Medical Applications;
                 Contact lenses; Controlled light stimuli; Defocusing
                 tolerance; Depth movements; Eye Monitor; Eye monitor;
                 Eye movements; Eye tracking; Eyeglasses; Eyes position;
                 Head movements; Human visual system; Interfering noise;
                 Internal mode; Internal representation; Measurement
                 Errors; Medical measurements; Microcomputer-based
                 instrument; Monitoring; Patients; Pupil size; Pupillary
                 responses; Pupillary Responses Measurement; Real-time
                 correction; Signal Processing --- Video Signals;
                 Television Systems, Closed Circuit; Video camera;
                 Vision; Visual diseases",
  thesaurus =    "Biomedical equipment; Eye; Microcomputer
                 applications",
}

@Article{Fernald:1991:MIT,
  author =       "Kenneth W. Fernald and Todd A. Cook and Thomas K.
                 {Miller, III} and John J. Paulos",
  title =        "A Microprocessor-Based Implantable Telemetry System",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "23--30",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:56:36 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This article describes the design methodology of an
                 intelligent system for implantable biotelemetry
                 instruments based on a. modular set of CMOS chips
                 connected by a. specialized serial bus.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., North Carolina
                 State Univ., Raleigh, NC, USA",
  classification = "461; 713; 714; 716; 722; 723; B2570D (CMOS
                 integrated circuits); B6210J (Telemetry); B7510B
                 (Radiation and radioactivity applications); C3250
                 (Telecontrol and telemetering components); C7330
                 (Biology and medicine); C7410H (Instrumentation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Battery Lifetime; Bidirectional telemetry chip;
                 Biomedical Engineering; Clock Distribution; Clock
                 requirements; CMOS chips; Custom microprocessor;
                 Electric Batteries; Electronic Circuits, Timing;
                 Implantable biotelemetry instruments; Implantable
                 Biotelemetry Instruments; Integrated Circuits, cmos;
                 Intelligent system; Microprocessor Chips;
                 Microprocessor-based implantable telemetry system;
                 Sensor interface; Sensor Interface Design; Specialized
                 serial bus; Surgical Implants; Telemetering --- Medical
                 Applications; Telemetry Protocol",
  thesaurus =    "Biomedical electronics; CMOS integrated circuits;
                 Computerised instrumentation; Microcomputer
                 applications; Telemetering systems",
}

@Article{Manolakos:1991:PPB,
  author =       "Elias S. Manolakos and Haris M. Stellakis and Dana H.
                 Brooks",
  title =        "Parallel Processing for Biomedical Signal Processing:
                 Higher Order Spectral Analysis --- An Application",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "33--43",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:56:41 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The transition from uniprocessor to multiprocessor
                 architectures is mandated to achieve real-time
                 performance in computer-based medical systems for
                 biomedical signal and image processing.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Northeastern Univ.,
                 Boston, MA, USA",
  classification = "461; 722; 723; 921; B1265F (Microprocessors and
                 microcomputers); B7510 (Biomedical measurement and
                 imaging); C5120 (Logic and switching circuits); C5220
                 (Computer architecture); C5260 (Digital signal
                 processing); C7330 (Biology and medicine)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Biomedical Iaging; Biomedical Signal Processing;
                 Biomedical signal processing; Bispectrum Estimation;
                 Bispectrum estimation; Computer Systems, Digital ---
                 Parallel Processing; Image Processing --- Medical
                 Applications; Medical Applications; Multiple pipelined
                 data blocks; Optimization; Parallel architectures;
                 Parallel processing; Regular algorithms; Signal
                 Processing; Special-purpose processor arrays; Spectrum
                 Analysis; Systolic array design; Systolic Array Design;
                 Third-order moments",
  thesaurus =    "Biomedical electronics; Computerised signal
                 processing; Digital signal processing chips; Parallel
                 architectures; Systolic arrays",
}

@Article{Krieger:1991:NDR,
  author =       "Don Krieger and Gerald Burk and Robert J. Sclabassi",
  title =        "{Neuronet}: {A} Distributed Real-Time System for
                 Monitoring Neurophysiologic Function in the Medical
                 Environment",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "45--55",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:56:56 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "Neuronet provides immediate access to real-time
                 life-critical data being acquired at multiple sites
                 across the health center and allows one
                 neurophysiologist to simultaneously monitor multiple
                 surgical procedures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Children's Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "461; 722; 723; C6160 (Database management systems
                 (DBMS)); C6180 (User interfaces); C7330 (Biology and
                 medicine); C7410H (Instrumentation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Biomedical Engineering; Children; Computer Networks
                 --- Local Area Networks; Computer Systems, Digital ---
                 Distributed; Computer Workstations; Computer
                 workstations; Database; Database Systems; Distributed
                 real-time system; Instrumentation; Intraoperatve
                 Monitoring Displays; Medical application; Medical
                 environment; Monitoring; Narrow Aorta Repair; Narrow
                 aorta repair; NEURONET; Neurophysiologic function;
                 Neurophysiologic Function Monitoring; Neurophysiology;
                 Reliability; Remote capabilities; Remote Monitoring
                 Display; Signal Processing; Signal processing; Software
                 package; Software Package neuronet; Upgradeability;
                 User interface",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised monitoring; Database management systems;
                 Medical computing; Real-time systems; Software
                 packages; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Cios:1991:UFS,
  author =       "Krzysztof J. Cios and Inho Shin and Lucy S.
                 Goodenday",
  title =        "Using Fuzzy Sets to Diagnose Coronary Artery
                 Stenosis",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "57--63",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Fifteen rules generated with fuzzy set theory perform
                 as well as 68 rules specified by cardiologists in
                 diagnosing coronary artery stenosis using thallium-201
                 scintigrams.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng., Toledo Univ., OH, USA",
  classification = "461; 723; 921; C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics);
                 C6170 (Expert systems); C7330 (Biology and medicine)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Biomedical Engineering; Computer Aided Diagnosis;
                 Coronary arteriography; Coronary artery stenosis;
                 Coronary Artery Stenosis Diagnostics; Diagnose; Expert
                 results; Fuzzy Set Construction; Fuzzy sets;
                 Mathematical Techniques --- Fuzzy Sets; Patients;
                 Perfusion Defects; Perfusion defects; Rule Generation;
                 Rules; Scintigraphic Analysis; Stress thallium-201
                 myocardial scintigraphy",
  thesaurus =    "Cardiology; Fuzzy set theory; Knowledge based systems;
                 Medical diagnostic computing",
}

@Article{Poli:1991:NNE,
  author =       "Riccardo Poli and Stefano Cagnoni and Riccardo Livi
                 and Giuseppe Coppini and Guido Valli",
  title =        "A Neural Network Expert System for Diagnosing and
                 Treating Hypertension",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "64--71",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:57:07 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Artificial neural networks provide effective solutions
                 to the problems encountered in building systems that
                 emulate a physician's expertise.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electron. Eng., Florence Univ., Italy",
  classification = "461; 723; C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C6170
                 (Expert systems); C7330 (Biology and medicine)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial neural networks; Biomedical Engineering;
                 Compiler; Computer Aided Diagnosis; Define; Descriptive
                 language; Expert Systems; Graphic editor; Hypernet;
                 Hypertension; Hypertension Diagnosis/Treatment;
                 Hypertension Neural Expert Therapist; Interactive
                 programs; Network translation; Neural network expert
                 system; Neural Network Expert System hypernet; Neural
                 Networks; Performance evaluation; Test; Tools; Train",
  thesaurus =    "Expert systems; Medical diagnostic computing; Neural
                 nets",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:ISE,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Internationalizing software engineering standards",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "74--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:PRb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "86--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Experiment design; Easiest data acquisition/analysis
                 package; Microspeed trackball",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Krick:1991:EIS,
  author =       "Robert F. Krick and Apostolos Dollas",
  title =        "The Evolution of Instruction Sequencing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--15",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:57:21 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Instruction sequencing is complicated by
                 interdependencies between instructions.
                 High-performance systems use a number of strategies to
                 address these interdependencies and improve
                 performance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Intel Corp., Hillsboro, OR, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Caches; Computer Architecture; Computer Systems,
                 Digital; Critical parameters; Design; Design decisions;
                 Instruction buffers; Instruction sequencing;
                 Instruction Sequencing; Memory address; Memory
                 bandwidth; Reduced-instruction-set computers; Van
                 Neumann Architectures",
  thesaurus =    "Instruction sets; Reduced instruction set computing",
}

@Article{Abidi:1991:ARI,
  author =       "Mongi A. Abidi and Richard O. Eason and Rafael C.
                 Gonzalez",
  title =        "Autonomous Robotic Inspection and Manipulation Using
                 Multisensor Feedback",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "17--31",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:57:27 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "At the core of a robotic system is its capability to
                 acquire, fuse, and interpret multisensory data, such as
                 vision, range, and touch, to generate appropriate
                 actions to perform a given task.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN, USA",
  classification = "723; 731; C3355 (Manufacturing processes); C5260B
                 (Computer vision and picture processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Autonomous robotic inspection; Manipulation;
                 Multisensor feedback; Multisensor Feedback;
                 Multisensory information cues; Robot Applications;
                 Robotic Inspection; Robotic Manipulation; Robots,
                 Industrial--Contact Sensors; Six-degree-of-freedom
                 industrial robot; Teleoperation mode",
  thesaurus =    "Computer vision; Feedback; Industrial robots",
}

@Article{Bertino:1991:ODM,
  author =       "Elisa Bertino and Lorenzo Martino",
  title =        "Object-Oriented Database Management Systems: Concepts
                 and Issues",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "33--47",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:57:29 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Object-oriented database technology combines the
                 expressive power of programming languages with
                 effective support for persistent data typical of
                 database management systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Math., Genova Univ., Italy",
  classification = "723; C6160Z (Other DBMS)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Aggregation; Classes; Complex objects; Computational
                 Models; Computer Programming--Object Oriented
                 Programming; Data Models; Database Systems; Design;
                 Inheritance; Instantiation mechanisms; Metaclasses;
                 Object data model; Object identifiers; Object
                 management; Object oriented DBMS; Object-Oriented
                 Systems; Operational aspects; Query languages; Query
                 processing; Query Processing; Schema evolution",
  thesaurus =    "Object-oriented databases",
}

@Article{Reibman:1991:RMO,
  author =       "Andrew L. Reibman and Malathi Veeraraghavan",
  title =        "Reliability Modeling: An Overview for System
                 Designers",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "49--57",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:57:36 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Approaches for predicting system reliability include
                 use of parts-count, combinatorial, and state-space
                 models. A case study of a fault-tolerant system
                 illustrates the process.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "AT and T Bell Labs., Columbus, OH, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 921; 922; C5470 (Performance evaluation
                 and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Systems, Digital; Fault Tolerant Capability;
                 Mathematical Techniques--State Space Methods; Refining;
                 Reliability Modeling; Reliability models; Reliability
                 Theory; System designers; System reliability",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing",
}

@Article{Grudin:1991:ISB,
  author =       "Jonathan Grudin",
  title =        "Interactive Systems: Bridging the Gaps Between
                 Developers and Users",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "59--69",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Three paradigms illustrate the framework for
                 interactive systems development projects: competitively
                 bid, product development, and in-house/custom
                 development.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Aarhus Univ., Denmark",
  classification = "722; 723; C6110B (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Metatheory--Programming Theory; Computer
                 Software--Software Engineering; Computer Systems,
                 Digital; Developers; Development contexts; Development
                 paradigms; Framework; Interactive Operation;
                 Interactive Software; Interactive software development;
                 Interactive systems; Software Development; Users",
  thesaurus =    "Interactive systems; Software engineering",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:PEU,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Preparing for {EC} 1992 in the {US} through quality
                 system registration",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "70--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Krishna:1991:GEI,
  author =       "C. M. Krishna and Y. H. Lee",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: Real-Time Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "10--11",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Lala:1991:DAU,
  author =       "Jaynarayan H. Lala and Richard E. Harper and Linda S.
                 Alger",
  title =        "A Design Approach for Ultrareliable Real-Time
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "12--22",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:57:38 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Managing redundancy is vital to the correct operation
                 of critical systems. We present several approaches to
                 masking errors and achieving congruency in the presence
                 of a. fault.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Charles Stark Draper Lab., Cambridge, MA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Advanced Information Processing System; Computer
                 Architecture; Computer Systems, Digital; Draper Fault
                 Tolerant Computer; Expert Systems --- Knowledge Bases;
                 Fault Containment Regions; Fault Tolerant Capability;
                 Fault-containment regions; Fault-tolerant distributed
                 architecture; Redundancy; Redundancy management;
                 Ultrareliable real-time systems; Ultrareliable
                 Real-Time Systems; Validation; Virtual Architecture",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing; Real-time systems;
                 Redundancy",
}

@Article{Shin:1991:HDR,
  author =       "Kang G. Shin",
  title =        "{HARTS}: {A} Distributed Real-Time Architecture",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "25--35",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Consisting of shared-memory multiprocessor nodes
                 interconnected by a wrapped hexagonal mesh, HARTS is
                 designed to meet the special communications and I/O
                 needs of time-critical applications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., Michigan
                 Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220 (Computer architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Clock synchronization; Clock Synchronization; Computer
                 Architecture; Computer Networks --- Protocols; Computer
                 Simulation; Computer System harts; Computer Systems,
                 Digital; Computers, Digital --- Data Communication
                 Systems; Data Transmission --- Packet Switching; Fault
                 tolerant routing; Fault-tolerant communications;
                 Fault-Tolerant Routing; HARTS; Hexagonal architecture
                 for real-time systems; Hexagonal mesh; I/O
                 Architecture; I/O architecture; Packet Controller; Real
                 Time Operation; Real-time architecture; Shared-Memory
                 Multiprocessor; Shared-memory multiprocessor nodes",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing; Parallel architectures;
                 Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Muppala:1991:RPP,
  author =       "Jogesh K. Muppala and Steven P. Woolet and Kishor S.
                 Trivedi",
  title =        "Real-Time-Systems Performance in the Presence of
                 Failures",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "37--47",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "This unified methodology for modeling real-time
                 systems uses techniques that combine the effects of
                 performance, reliability/availability, and deadline
                 violation into a single model.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 922; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Systems, Digital; Failure-repair behavior;
                 Failure-Repair Behavior; Failures; Markov chain model;
                 Markov Chains; Markov Reward Models; On-Line
                 Transaction Processing; Online transaction processing;
                 Probability --- Queueing Theory; Real Time Operation;
                 Real-time systems; Real-Time Systems Modeling;
                 Reliability; Stochastic Petri nets; Stochastic Reward
                 Nets; Stochastic reward nets",
  thesaurus =    "Markov processes; Performance evaluation; Petri nets;
                 Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Park:1991:EPT,
  author =       "Chang Yun Park and Alan C. Shaw",
  title =        "Experiments with a Program Timing Tool Based on
                 Source-Level Timing Schema",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "48--57",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This timing tool, developed for a subset of C,
                 predicts the deterministic execution times of
                 programs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci. and Eng., Washington Univ.,
                 Seattle, WA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6115
                 (Programming support)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Programming; Computer Programming Languages
                 --- C; Execution times; Formal timing schema; Program
                 Execution Time; Program timing tool; Program Timing
                 Tool; Source-level timing schema; Timing Schema; Timing
                 Tool Design",
  thesaurus =    "C language; Program testing; Software tools",
}

@Article{Liu:1991:ASI,
  author =       "Jane W. S. Liu and Kwei-Jay Lin and Wei-Kuan Shih and
                 Albert Chuang-shi Yu and Jen-Yao Chung and Wei Zhao",
  title =        "Algorithms for Scheduling Imprecise Computations",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "58--68",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:57:41 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Imprecise computation techniques provide scheduling
                 flexibility by trading off result quality to meet
                 computation deadlines. We review imprecise computation
                 scheduling problems: workload models and algorithms.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Illinois Univ.,
                 Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 921; 922; C1140C (Queueing theory); C4240
                 (Programming and algorithm theory)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Operating Systems; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Graceful degradation; Imprecise computations; Imprecise
                 Computations Scheduling; Mathematical Programming,
                 Linear; Optimization; Parallelizable tasks;
                 Parallelizable Tasks Scheduling; Periodic jobs;
                 Periodic Jobs Scheduling; Probability --- Queueing
                 Theory; Queuing-theoretical formulation; Real Time
                 Operation; Real-time environments; Scheduling; Time
                 Allocation Problem; Timing faults",
  thesaurus =    "Queueing theory; Real-time systems; Scheduling",
}

@Article{Kenny:1991:BFR,
  author =       "Kevin B. Kenny and Kwei-Jay Lin",
  title =        "Building Flexible Real-Time Systems Using the {Flex}
                 Language",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "70--78",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:57:49 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/real.time.bib",
  abstract =     "Programs in real-time systems have stringent timing
                 requirements. The Flex programming language makes it
                 possible to program real-time systems that can respond
                 to dynamic environments to make sure critical deadlines
                 are met.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Northrop Res. and Technol. Center, Palos Verdes, CA,
                 USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C6115 (Programming support); C6140D (High
                 level languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "C++; Computer Programming Languages; Computer Systems
                 Programming; Computer Systems, Digital; Flex language;
                 flex Programming Language; flex Timing Mechanism;
                 Flexible Real-Time Programs; Imprecise computation;
                 Performance measurement tool; Performance polymorphism;
                 Program Performance Prediction; Programming
                 environment; Real Time Operation; Real-time programming
                 language; Real-Time System Scheduling; Real-time
                 systems; Timing constraint primitives; Timing
                 Constraint Systems; Timing requirements",
  thesaurus =    "High level languages; Programming environments;
                 Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:PCQ,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Point\slash Counterpoint: Questions on ethical
                 standards",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "80--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Brooks:1991:LTD,
  author =       "Kenneth P. Brooks",
  title =        "{Lilac}: {A} Two-View Document Editor",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "7--19",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "By offering both WYSIWYG editing and language-based
                 document description side by side, the Lilac document
                 preparation system gives users the best of both
                 worlds.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6130D (Document processing techniques); C7106
                 (Word processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Data Processing; Document compiler; Document editor;
                 Document preparation system; Document Preparation
                 System; Language-based document description; Lilac;
                 Subroutines; Text Editor Lilac; Word Processing;
                 WYSIWYG",
  thesaurus =    "Text editing; Word processing",
}

@Article{DeBenedictis:1991:NAD,
  author =       "Erik DeBenedictis and Sumit Ghosh and Meng-Lin Yu",
  title =        "A Novel Algorithm for Discrete-Event Simulation:
                 Asynchronous Distributed Discrete-Event Simulation
                 Algorithm for Cyclic Circuits Using a Dataflow
                 Network",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "21--33",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:58:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A synthesized dataflow network and a computed quantity
                 ``time of next event'' guarantee correctness and
                 freedom from deadlock.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Ncube Corp, USA",
  classification = "723; B1130B (Computer-aided circuit analysis and
                 design); C7410D (Electronic engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Asynchronous distributed discrete-event simulation
                 algorithm; Computer Programming --- Algorithms;
                 Computer Simulation; Cyclic circuits; Cyclic graph;
                 Dataflow network; Dataflow Networks; Deadlock; Deadlock
                 recovery algorithm; Discrete-Event Simulation;
                 Distributed processing environment; Exception-mode
                 algorithm; Simulation time; Yaddes",
  thesaurus =    "Circuit analysis computing; Discrete event simulation;
                 Distributed processing; Fault location",
}

@Article{Kitano:1991:DES,
  author =       "Hiroaki Kitano",
  title =        "{$\Phi$DM-Dialog}: An Experimental Speech-to-Speech
                 Dialog Translation System",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "36--50",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This system integrates sentence parsing with speech
                 generation and predicts the next possible word. Thus,
                 it can begin Japanese-English translation before the
                 end of a sentence.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "723; 751; C4210 (Formal logic); C6180N (Natural
                 language processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Dialog translation system; Generation algorithm;
                 Incremental parsing algorithm; Inferencing; Knowledge
                 levels; Memory network; Natural language processing;
                 Natural Language Processing Systems; Phi DM-Dialog;
                 Processing; Speech; Speech processing system;
                 Speech-To-Speech Translation Systems",
  thesaurus =    "Grammars; Inference mechanisms; Natural languages;
                 Speech analysis and processing; Speech recognition",
}

@Article{Cordes:1991:LPP,
  author =       "David Cordes and Marcus Brown",
  title =        "The Literate-Programming Paradigm",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "52--61",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:58:08 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "Literate programming, a technique for coding software
                 systems that promotes readability and comprehension, is
                 examined in detail. The current literate-programming
                 paradigm is reviewed by looking at two sample literate
                 programs. A critique of literate programming as it is
                 currently used is presented, and methods for enhancing
                 the process are explored. A number of new facilities
                 are proposed, and restrictions on current
                 literate-programming practices are suggested. (11
                 Refs.)",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA",
  classification = "723; C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Coding software systems; Computer Metatheory ---
                 Programming Theory; Computer Software;
                 Literate-programming paradigm; Software Development
                 Systems; Software Engineering",
  thesaurus =    "Programming",
}

@Article{Leff:1991:CTP,
  author =       "Avraham Leff and Calton Pu",
  title =        "A Classification of Transaction Processing Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "63--76",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:58:10 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "We identify specific problems in implementing
                 transaction properties and abstract them into a. set of
                 common system dimensions to construct a. classification
                 of transaction processing systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA",
  classification = "723; C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6160
                 (Database management systems (DBMS))",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computational Models; Computer Systems, Digital; Data;
                 Database; Database Systems; Design; Transaction
                 processing system; Transaction Processing Systems",
  thesaurus =    "Database management systems; Transaction processing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:PRc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "88--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Drawing and presentation graphics",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Pappas:1991:TTD,
  author =       "T. L. (Frank) Pappas",
  title =        "{\TeX} typesetting with a difference",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "92--93",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Baggi:1991:GEI,
  author =       "Denis L. Baggi",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: Computer-Generated
                 Music",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anderson:1991:FPL,
  author =       "David P. Anderson and Ron Kuivila",
  title =        "{Formula}: {A} Programming Language for Expressive
                 Computer Music",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "12--21",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "Formula, a language for controlling synthesizers, can
                 model the expressiveness of a human performance. It
                 supports algorithmic composition, interactive
                 performance, and programmed interpretation of
                 traditional scores.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., California
                 Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA",
  classification = "715; 723; 752; B6450F (Sound synthesisers); C6140D
                 (High level languages); C7820 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Address space; Algorithmic composition; Chords;
                 Computer Programming Languages --- forth; Concurrent
                 processes; Expressive computer music; Formula; Formula
                 Programs; Forth Music Language; Forth Music Language
                 (Formula); Input-handling processes; Interactive
                 performance; Musical Instruments, Electronic; Note
                 parameters; Note-Playing Processes; Note-playing
                 processes; Notes; Pitches; Programming language;
                 Runtime system; Scheduled; Synthesizers; Timing
                 Sequence Generators; Volume",
  thesaurus =    "Electronic music; FORTH; FORTH listings; High level
                 languages; Music",
}

@Article{Cope:1991:RMU,
  author =       "David Cope",
  title =        "Recombinant Music: Using the Computer to Explore
                 Musical Style",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "22--28",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A computer program that creates new but stylistically
                 recognizable music from existing works offers insights
                 into the elusive phenomenon of musical style.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Porter Coll., California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA, USA",
  classification = "723; 751; C5260B (Computer vision and picture
                 processing); C6170 (Expert systems); C7820
                 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial Intelligence; Augmented Transition
                 Networks; Computer Programming; EMI; Experiments in
                 Musical Intelligence; Expert system; Expert Systems;
                 Hierarchical Analysis; Hierarchical musical function;
                 Musical pitches; Musical Style Analysis;
                 Natural-language processing; Pattern matching; Pattern
                 recognition; Pattern Recognition Systems; Recombinant
                 music; Recombinant Music",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised pattern recognition; Expert systems;
                 Music; Natural languages",
}

@Article{Johnson:1991:TES,
  author =       "Margaret L. Johnson",
  title =        "Toward an Expert System for Expressive Musical
                 Performance",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "30--34",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "An expert system processes the melodies of Bach fugues
                 using a model that recognizes rhythmic patterns. It
                 outputs instructions that tell performers how to
                 articulate the melodies.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "715; 723; 752; C6170 (Expert systems); C7820
                 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Bach fugues; Data structure; Expert system; Expert
                 Systems --- Knowledge Bases; Expressive musical
                 performance; Knowledge base; Knowledge Formalization;
                 Musical Instruments, Electronic; Musical Performance
                 Expert System; Numeric representation; Rhythmic
                 patterns; Transition graph; Transition Graph",
  thesaurus =    "Data structures; Expert systems; Music",
}

@Article{Dannenberg:1991:FFL,
  author =       "Roger B. Dannenberg and Christopher Lee Fraley and
                 Peter Velikonja",
  title =        "{Fugue}: {A} Functional Language for Sound Synthesis",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "36--42",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:58:18 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "Fugue provides functions to create and manipulate
                 sounds as abstract, immutable objects. The interactive
                 language supports behavioral abstraction, so composers
                 can manage complex musical structures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "715; 723; 752; C6140D (High level languages); C7820
                 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Behavioral abstraction; Behavioral Abstraction; C;
                 Complex musical structures; Computer Programming
                 Languages; Fugue; Functional language; Functional
                 Language Fugue; Interactive language; Lazy evaluation;
                 Lazy Evaluation; Musical Instruments, Electronic;
                 Musical scores; Signal processing algorithms; Sound
                 synthesis; Sound Synthesis; Unix workstations; XLisp",
  thesaurus =    "Acoustic signal processing; Functional programming;
                 High level languages; Music",
}

@Article{Morita:1991:CMS,
  author =       "Hideyuki Morita and Shuji Hashimoto and Sadamu
                 Ohteru",
  title =        "A Computer Music System that Follows a Human
                 Conductor",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "44--53",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "An electronic orchestra with a complex performance
                 database and MIDI controllers responds to the gestures
                 of a conductor through a CCD camera and a sensor
                 glove.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Appl. Phys., Waseda Univ., Tokyo, Japan",
  classification = "723; 731; 741; 752; B6450F (Sound synthesisers);
                 B7230G (Image sensors); C5260B (Computer vision and
                 picture processing); C7820 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Auditory sense; CCD camera; Charge coupled device
                 camera; Complex performance database; Computer
                 Interfaces; Computer music system; Computer Vision;
                 Electronic orchestra; Expert Systems --- Knowledge
                 Bases; Gesticulation system; Gesture Comprehension
                 System; Human Interface; Human interface; Image
                 Processing; MIDI; Musical Information Processing;
                 Musical Instrument Digital Interface; Musical
                 Instrument Digital Interfaces; Musical Instruments;
                 Robots; Sensor glove; Symphony orchestra; Systems
                 Science and Cybernetics --- Man Machine Systems; Tempo
                 prediction",
  thesaurus =    "CCD image sensors; Computerised pattern recognition;
                 Electronic music; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Smoliar:1991:AMC,
  author =       "Stephen W. Smoliar",
  title =        "Algorithms for musical composition: {A} question of
                 granularity",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "54--56",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:58:40 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Inst. of Syst. Sci., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Kent
                 Ridge, Singapore",
  classification = "723; 922; C7820 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Algorithmic rules; Artificial Intelligence; Artificial
                 intelligence; Computer-Generated Music;
                 Computer-generated music; Dice Composer; Expert
                 Systems; Granularity; Granularity Levels; Model-based
                 control structure; Model-Based Reasoning; Musical
                 composition; Musical Composition Algorithms;
                 Probability --- Random Processes",
  thesaurus =    "Music",
}

@Article{Smoliar:1991:POC,
  author =       "Stephen W. Smoliar and Goffredo Haus and Alberto
                 Sametti and Denis L. Baggi and Antonio Camurri and
                 Corrado Canepa and Marcello Frixione and Renato
                 Zaccaria and Yap Siong Chua and Robert Keefe",
  title =        "Project Overviews: Current Research in
                 Computer-Generated Music",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "54--75",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 11:59:52 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Six overviews reflect varied ongoing research.
                 Reporting from such diverse locales as Singapore,
                 Europe, and the US, the authors explore the spheres of
                 computer-aided composition, synthesis of musical
                 scores, computer simulation, and composing by musical
                 analog.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Haus:1991:SSS,
  author =       "Goffredo Haus and Alberto Sametti",
  title =        "{Scoresynth}: {A} System for the Synthesis of Music
                 Scores Based on {Petri} Nets and a Music Algebra",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "56--60",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Informazione, Univ degli
                 Studi di Milano, Italy",
  classification = "723; 921; C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics); C7820
                 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Abstraction; Artificial Intelligence; Computer
                 Programming --- Macros; Conceptual music framework;
                 Mathematical Techniques --- Petri Nets; Music Algebra;
                 Music algebra; Music scores; Music Scores Synthesis;
                 Petri nets; Scoresynth; Scoresynth System",
  thesaurus =    "Music; Petri nets",
}

@Article{Baggi:1991:NIW,
  author =       "Denis L. Baggi",
  title =        "{Neurswing}: An Intelligent Workbench for the
                 Investigation of Swing in Jazz",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "60--64",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 12:00:04 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Breganzona, Switzerland",
  classification = "715; 723; 752; C6170 (Expert systems); C7820
                 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial Intelligence; Computer Simulation; Harmonic
                 grid; Harmonic Net; Intelligent system; Intelligent
                 workbench; Jazz; Jazz Rhythm Simulation; Musical data;
                 Musical Instruments, Electronic; Neurswing; Neurswing
                 System; Real time systems; Stylistic net",
  thesaurus =    "Knowledge based systems; Music; Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Camurri:1991:HSI,
  author =       "Antonio Camurri and Corrado Canepa and Marcello
                 Frixione and Renato Zaccaria",
  title =        "{HARP}: {A} System for Intelligent Composer's
                 Assistance",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "64--67",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept of Commun, Comput \& Syst Sci, Univ of Genoa,
                 Italy",
  classification = "723; C6170 (Expert systems); C7820 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Analogical subsystem; Artificial Intelligence;
                 Composition rules; Computer-aided composition;
                 Computer-Aided Music Composition; Declarative symbolic
                 environment; Expert Systems --- Knowledge Bases; HARP
                 knowledge base; harp Knowledge Base System; Hybrid
                 Action Representation and Planning; Intelligent
                 Composer's Assistance System; KL-One; Metaphor of force
                 fields; Multiple-inheritance semantic network
                 formalism; Music knowledge; Object-oriented concurrent
                 environment; Prototype high-level system; Reasoning
                 mechanisms; Sound; System interface",
  thesaurus =    "Inference mechanisms; Knowledge based systems;
                 Multiprocessing systems; Music; Object-oriented
                 programming",
}

@Article{Chua:1991:CBP,
  author =       "Yap Siong Chua",
  title =        "Composition Based on Pentatonic Scales: {A}
                 Computer-Aided Approach",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "67--71",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Coll of Comput \& Inf Sci, Univ of North Florida,
                 Jacksonville, FL, USA",
  classification = "723; 752; C7820 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial Intelligence; Computer-aided composition;
                 Computer-Aided Music Composition; Music; Musical
                 Instruments --- Computer Interfaces; Pentatonic Music;
                 Pentatonic Musical Scales; Pentatonic scales; Rhythm
                 Vector",
  thesaurus =    "Music; Programming",
}

@Article{Keefe:1991:CMA,
  author =       "Robert Keefe",
  title =        "Composing by Musical Analog: {A} Look at Planetary
                 Orbits",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "72--75",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Music, Ithaca Coll., NY, USA",
  classification = "723; 921; 922; 931; C7820 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Celestial Coordinates; Celestial coordinates; Chaos
                 Theory; Chaotic systems; Computer Programming;
                 Computer-Aided Musical Composition; Fractal Geometry;
                 Fractal geometry; Interactive Pascal computer program;
                 Interactive Pascal Program; Mapping technique;
                 Mathematical Models; Musical analog; Musical Analogies;
                 Nonlinear systems; Planetary Orbits; Planetary orbits;
                 Probability; Probability statistics",
  thesaurus =    "Astronomy and astrophysics; Interactive programming;
                 Music; Pascal; Probability",
}

@Article{Newcomb:1991:SSM,
  author =       "Steven R. Newcomb",
  title =        "Standards: {Standard Music Description Language}
                 complies with hypermedia standard",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "76--79",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Florida State Univ, FL, USA",
  classification = "723; 751; 902; C6160Z (Other DBMS); C7820
                 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Acoustics; Applications; Cantus events; Cantus Events
                 Timing; Chord symbols; Computer Programming Languages;
                 Data Processing --- Data Description; Document
                 structuring facilities; Gamut-Based Pitches; Hypermedia
                 Standard; Hypermedia standard; Hypermedia/Time; HyTime;
                 Music; Pitch; SMDL; Standard Music Description
                 Language; Standards; Timbral Information; Vocal
                 sounds",
  thesaurus =    "Hypermedia; Music; Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:PRd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "81--??",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Paschal and Modula Programming Languages",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Singhal:1991:GEI,
  author =       "Mukesh Singhal and Thomas L. Casavant",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: Distributed Computing
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "12--16",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Martin:1991:OTD,
  author =       "Bruce E. Martin and Claus H. Pedersen and James
                 Bedford-Roberts",
  title =        "An Object-Bases Taxonomy for Distributed Computing
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "17--27",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib; Parallel/taxonomy.bib",
  abstract =     "A hierarchy of questions and answers about the
                 features of distributed computing systems leads to an
                 overall system description and facilitates system
                 comparisons.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Hewlett-Packart Lab., Palo Alto, CA, USA",
  anote =        "Describes how distributed computing systems can be
                 classified using an object oriented approach. The
                 system is first broken down into three main objects,
                 threads, properties and separation. These are then
                 discussed individually, with the subcomponents being as
                 follows: threads (creation, control and max no.),
                 object properties (replicated, protected, persistent),
                 and separation (identification, comms, failure,
                 migration).",
  classification = "722; 723; 912; C5620 (Computer networks and
                 techniques); C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Systems, Digital; DCS; Distributed;
                 Distributed Computing System Taxonomy; Distributed
                 computing systems; Object properties subtree;
                 Object-based model; Object-based Taxonomy; Runtime
                 services; Separation subtree; Separation Subtree;
                 Systems Analysis; Threads Subtree; Threads subtree",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Object-oriented programming",
}

@Article{Fidge:1991:LTD,
  author =       "Colin Fidge",
  title =        "Logical Time in Distributed Computing Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "28--33",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Partially ordered logical clocks can provide a.
                 decentralized definition of time for distributed
                 computing systems, which lack a. common time base.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Queensland Univ., St. Lucia, Qld., Australia",
  classification = "722; 723; C5620 (Computer networks and techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Application environment; Causal relationships;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Computers --- Data
                 Communication Systems; Concurrency Measures; Concurrent
                 Events; Data Processing --- Data Structures;
                 Decentralized definition of time; Decentralized Time;
                 Distributed; Distributed computing systems; Distributed
                 Systems Debugging; Logical Time; Logical time;
                 Optimization; Optimizations; Partially Ordered Logical
                 Clocks; Partially ordered logical clocks; Program
                 debugging",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Time measurement",
}

@Article{Sinha:1991:GDO,
  author =       "Pradeep K. Sinha and Mamoru Maekawa and Kentaro
                 Shimizu and Xiaohua Jia and Hyo Ashihara and Naoki
                 Utsunomiya and Kyu S. Park and Hirohiko Nakano",
  title =        "The {Galaxy} Distributed Operating System",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "34--41",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Analyzing why existing distributed systems are
                 limited, the Galaxy research project borrows many
                 concepts and proposed facilities and integrates them
                 with its own novel design features.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Tokyo Univ., Japan",
  classification = "722; 723; C5620 (Computer networks and techniques);
                 C6150J (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computation model; Computer Operating Systems;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Computers --- Data
                 Communication Systems; Distributed; Distributed
                 computing environment; Galaxy distributed operating
                 system; Galaxy Distributed Operating System; Galaxy
                 Research Project; Galaxy system architecture;
                 Interprocess communication; Locating mechanisms;
                 Message Passing; Name Resolution Mechanism; Object
                 naming; Object-Locating Mechanism; Object-Naming
                 Mechanism",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Network operating systems",
}

@Article{Marzullo:1991:TDA,
  author =       "Keith Marzullo and Robert Cooper and Mark D. Wood and
                 Kenneth P. Birman",
  title =        "Tools for Distributed Application Management",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "42--51",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Distributed computing, like anything else, profits
                 from good management. Here, we discuss the issues of
                 managing distributed applications and present a. set of
                 tools that solves some long-standing problems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
  classification = "484; 722; 723; C6150Z (Other systems operation
                 programs); C7340 (Geophysics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Actions Atomicity; Actuators; Application structure;
                 Computer Operating Systems --- Program Compilers;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Control program;
                 Distributed; Distributed application management;
                 High-level control language; Lomita; Lomita Compiler;
                 Meta model; meta Project; Nuclear test-ban treaties;
                 NuMon; Object-oriented data modeling; Real-time
                 behavior; Seismological analysis system; Seismological
                 Monitoring; Seismology; Sensors",
  thesaurus =    "Data structures; Distributed processing; Geophysics
                 computing; Object-oriented databases; Object-oriented
                 programming; Real-time systems; Seismology",
}

@Article{Nitzberg:1991:DSM,
  author =       "Bill Nitzberg and Virginia Lo",
  title =        "Distributed Shared Memory: {A} Survey of Issues and
                 Algorithms",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "52--60",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Distributed shared-memory systems implement the
                 shared-memory abstraction on multicomputer
                 architectures, combining the scalability of
                 network-based architectures with the convenience of
                 shared-memory programming.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Oregon Univ., Eugene, OR, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C6120 (File organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Coherence protocol; Coherence semantics; Coherence
                 Semantics; Computer Networks --- Protocols; Computer
                 Systems, Digital; Data access; Data location; Data
                 Location/Access; Data Storage, Digital; Distributed;
                 Distributed shared memory; Distributed Shared Memory;
                 DSM; Granularity; Heterogeneity; Memory coherence;
                 Memory design choices; Memory management; Process
                 synchronization; Replacement strategy; Scalability;
                 Thrashing",
  thesaurus =    "Data handling; Distributed processing; Storage
                 management",
}

@Article{Mafla:1991:CFD,
  author =       "Enrique Mafla and Bharat Bhargava",
  title =        "Communication Facilities for Distributed
                 Transaction-Processing Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "61--66",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:59:31 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Communication software is critical in distributed
                 computing systems. This research identifies efficient
                 mechanisms and paradigms for distributed transaction
                 processing in a replicated database environment.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6160B
                 (Distributed DBMS)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Communication protocols; Communication services; Data
                 Processing, Business; Database Systems; Distributed;
                 Distributed database system; Distributed Transaction
                 Processing Systems; Local area networks; Local
                 interprocess communication; Local Interprocess
                 Communication; Raid communication software; Raid
                 system; Raidcomm; Remote interprocess communication;
                 Remote Interprocess Communication; Replicated Database;
                 Transaction processing; Wide area networks",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Distributed databases; Protocols;
                 Transaction processing",
}

@Article{Ozsu:1991:DDS,
  author =       "M. Tamer {\"O}zsu and Patrick Valduriez",
  title =        "Distributed Database Systems: Where Are We Now?",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "68--78",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:59:34 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "If they live up to expectations, distributed DBMSs
                 will replace centralized systems in many applications
                 over the next few years. But some unsolved technical
                 problems stand in their way.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Alberta Univ., Edmonton, Alta.,
                 Canada",
  classification = "723; C6150J (Operating systems); C6160B (Distributed
                 DBMS)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Networks; Computer Operating Systems;
                 Database Systems; Distributed; Distributed database
                 system; Distributed multidatabase systems; Distributed
                 Multidatabase Systems; Distributed Operating Systems;
                 Distributed operating systems; Distributed query
                 processing; Distributed Query Processing; Distributed
                 transaction processing; Distributed Transactions;
                 Distribution design; Network scaling; Network Scaling
                 Problems; Replicated data",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed databases; Network operating systems;
                 Query languages; Transaction processing",
}

@Article{Goldfarb:1991:SHS,
  author =       "Charles F. Goldfarb",
  title =        "Standards: {HyTime}: a standard for structured
                 hypermedia interchange",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "81--84",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Almaden Res. Center, San Jose, CA, USA",
  classification = "723; 902; C5620 (Computer networks and techniques);
                 C6130 (Data handling techniques); C7250 (Information
                 storage and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "American standard; ASN.1; Computer Networks; Digital
                 Communication Systems; Hyperdocument architecture;
                 Hypermedia information; HyTime; HyTime Standard;
                 Industry groups; Integrated Open Hypermedia;
                 International standard; ISO 8824; ISO 8879; ISO/IEC
                 10744; ISO/IEC 10744 Standard; Motion video; Multimedia
                 Objects; Multimedia objects; OSI compatibility;
                 Standards; Standards committees; Still pictures;
                 Structured Hypermedia Interchange; Structured
                 hypermedia interchange",
  thesaurus =    "Electronic data interchange; Hypermedia; Open systems;
                 Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:PRe,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "96--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "CASE tools for personal computers",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Smith:1991:ICS,
  author =       "Merlin G. Smith",
  title =        "{IEEE Computer Society}: Four Decades of Service,
                 1951--1991",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "6--12",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Rooted in engineering society committees from the
                 1940s, the IEEE Computer Society has evolved into the
                 foremost membership organization for computer
                 professionals.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
                 NY, USA",
  classification = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "History; IEEE Computer Society; Membership;
                 Professional Group on Electronic Computers;
                 Professional interests; Services",
  thesaurus =    "Computer science; Societies",
}

@Article{Aylor:1991:GEI,
  author =       "James H. Aylor and Roy L. Russo and Bruce D. Shriver",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: The Promise of the Next
                 Decade",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "15--17",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Hennessy:1991:CTA,
  author =       "John L. Hennessy and Norman P. Jouppi",
  title =        "Computer Technology and Architecture: An Evolving
                 Interaction",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "18--29",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "With an eye toward the 1990s, the authors tell how the
                 rapid rate of performance growth of the 1980s can be
                 sustained and discuss challenges for more exotic
                 implementation technologies.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng., Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C5470 (Performance
                 evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer architecture; Computer designs; Cost; CPU
                 performance; Design complexity; Design scaling; IC
                 technology; Memory size; Memory systems;
                 Multiprocessing; Performance; Pipelining; Technology
                 trends",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Stone:1991:CA,
  author =       "Harold S. Stone and John Cocke",
  title =        "Computer Architecture in the 1990s",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "30--38",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "As processor clock speeds approach the maximum
                 sustainable by conventional metal interconnections,
                 designers must consider optical interconnections,
                 greater parallelism, and use of locality to boost
                 performance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Thomas J. Watson Center, Yorktown Heights, NY,
                 USA",
  classification = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C5270 (Optical
                 computing techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation
                 and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer architecture; Data-path width; Metal
                 interconnections; Optical interconnections;
                 Performance; Speed limits; Super reliable machines",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Optical interconnections;
                 Performance evaluation; Technological forecasting",
}

@Article{Gray:1991:HCS,
  author =       "Jim Gray and Daniel P. Siewiorek",
  title =        "High-Availability Computer Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "39--48",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Today's highly available systems deliver four years of
                 uninterrupted service. The challenge is to build
                 systems with 100-year mean time to failure and
                 one-minute repair times.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Digital Equipment Corp., San Francisco, CA, USA",
  classification = "C5470 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer failure; Design-fault tolerance; Digital
                 electronics; Fault-tolerant hardware; Highly available
                 computer systems; Maintenance; Repair; Unscheduled
                 outages",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing",
}

@Article{Marcus:1991:UDN,
  author =       "Aaron Marcus and Andries {van Dam}",
  title =        "User-Interface Developments for the Nineties",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "49--57",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "User-centered design has been key to the evolution of
                 user interfaces. The 1990s will see dramatic advances
                 and the exploitation of additional communication
                 modalities.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Aaron Marcus and Associates, Emeryville, CA, USA",
  classification = "C6180 (User interfaces)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "3D user interfaces; Base technologies; Computer-based
                 assistants; Groupware; History; Hypermedia; Intelligent
                 agents; Language model; Multimedia; User interfaces;
                 User-computer dialogue; Virtual realities",
  thesaurus =    "Groupware; Multimedia systems; Technological
                 forecasting; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Nielson:1991:VSE,
  author =       "Gregory M. Nielson",
  title =        "Visualization in Scientific and Engineering
                 Computation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "58--66",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Visualization techniques give scientists and engineers
                 new insight into complex, computation-intensive
                 problems. This article outlines current practices and
                 future needs and trends.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ,
                 USA",
  classification = "C6130B (Graphics techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Graph evaluation; Information flow model; Mathematical
                 modeling; Multidimensional data; Numerical solution;
                 Rendering; Scientific computing; User interfaces;
                 Visualization; Workload distribution",
  thesaurus =    "Computer graphics; Data analysis",
}

@Article{Wittie:1991:CND,
  author =       "Larry D. Wittie",
  title =        "Computer Networks and Distributed Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "67--76",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 18:26:01 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "Distributed/Dcs-1.0.bib; Distributed/networks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/IMMD_IV.bib",
  abstract =     "LANs and distributed computing have developed into two
                 of the most important fields of modern technology. This
                 article traces their beginnings and describes plans for
                 future applications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., State Univ. of New York, Stony
                 Brook, NY, USA",
  annote =       "This article examines current trends in computer
                 networks and distributed systems and predicts the major
                 ramifications of these trends during the next decade.
                 Computer networks link computers by communication lines
                 and software protocols to exchange digital data rapidly
                 and reliably. Distributed computing systems are
                 computer networks that cooperatively solve large single
                 problems or simultaneously perform many separate, but
                 possibly related, tasks. All computers in a distributed
                 system have their own local memory and I/O devices, but
                 application programs or operating systems coordinating
                 their cooperation often make them appear to be one
                 computer.",
  classification = "B6210L (Computer communications); C5620 (Computer
                 networks and techniques); C6150N (Distributed
                 systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "ARPAnet national research network; Computer networks;
                 Distributed computing; Distributed resources;
                 Distributed systems; Distributed systems software;
                 Ethernet; Fast solutions; History; Network access;
                 Optical fibers; Reliability; Replication; Tightly
                 coupled networks; Token-ring local area networks;
                 Workstation networks",
  memo =         "Distibuted computing has three main justifications:
                 sharing physically distributed resources combining
                 computers for fast problem solving increasing
                 reliability through replication Shared-memory
                 processors execute different instructions, but
                 programmers need not worry about subdividing parts and
                 allocating parts to individual memories. \ldots{} when
                 different processes must access shared values in a
                 critical order for proper results, they must be
                 carefully synchronised, slowing execution. DSM using
                 networks of fast workstations is feasible because
                 parallel programs solving most large scientific
                 problems rarely need to change shared variables,
                 typically requiring remote accesses for less than one
                 percent of all computation steps. With the advent of
                 NREN, this decade will see the start of a planet-wide
                 network of parallel and distributed computing systems
                 linked by ultrahigh-bandwidth optical communications.
                 Three methods of sharing variables in DSMs have been
                 proposed: Demand fetch (lazy sharing) --- minimises
                 network loading by waiting until a variable is needed
                 before loading a local copy Eager sharing ---
                 predefines a directory of critical variables along with
                 a list of nodes that are to be sent a copy of each one
                 whenever they are updated. All reads to shared
                 variables are actually fast reads to local copies.
                 Prefetch --- a compromise between the other two using a
                 non blocking copy request which is sent out just before
                 the variable is required by the system. However if a
                 variable is prefetched too early, its value can be
                 invalidated by updates of other copies in the DSM.
                 Optical fibres have higher bandwidths than workstation
                 memory buses and can pass individual data values
                 between nodes with low ($<10\mu$s) latency (obviously
                 he uses a LAN not a WAN!).",
  references =   "Refs: 12 + 8 books for further reading.",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Distributed processing; Optical
                 links",
  where =        "Library Search",
}

@Article{Green:1991:FFC,
  author =       "Paul E. Green",
  title =        "The Future of Fibre-Optic Computer Networks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "78--87",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 18:26:01 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "Distributed/Dcs-1.0.bib; Distributed/networks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Fiber-optic networks have had a profound impact on
                 information transmission over their first quarter
                 century. Orders of magnitude of further improvement are
                 waiting to be accessed.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Hawthorne, NY, USA",
  annote =       "Fiber-optic communications is only 25 years old, but
                 it would be difficult to exaggerate the impact it has
                 had already had on all branches of information
                 transmission, from spans of a few meters to
                 intercontinental distances. The state of today's
                 lightware technology is such that LANs and MAN
                 providing 1-Gbps sustained capacity for each of 1,000
                 nodes will be practical within three to five years,
                 certainly for circuit switching and probably for packet
                 switching as well. If the opportunity is exploited with
                 imagination, the positive effect on network
                 architectures and on applications to be supported will
                 be profound. The public interest will best be served by
                 enabling rather than inhibiting the diffusion of this
                 exciting new generation of networking to the widest
                 possible community of users.",
  classification = "B6210L (Computer communications); B6260 (Optical
                 links and equipment); C5620 (Computer networks and
                 techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Communication layers; Fiber-optic computer networks;
                 Overall network throughput capacity; Protocol layers;
                 Research activities; Unrepeated links",
  memo =         "Networks can be broken down into three generations:
                 First Generation: pre-optical, Second Generation:
                 optical but employing 1st Generation techniques on the
                 fibre, Third Generation: purely optical communication
                 making use of the special properties of the fibre to
                 improve performance. ``There is already an urgent
                 requirement in university and other research
                 environments for networks that will provide
                 supercomputer support of hundreds or thousands of
                 high-performance workstations with live-motion color
                 graphics'' Medical image quality is so exacting that
                 the medical community is not sure whether it can trust
                 image compression techniques. Medical images which are
                 scanned at a rate of two or three a second and sent
                 uncompressed would require a communications bandwidth
                 in the order of 1Gbps. ``At 1-gigabit-per-node
                 sustained demand, it is difficult to imagine that
                 second-generation approaches will ever be sufficient to
                 build a 1000 node network. The 1000Gbps electronics
                 which would be required to do this simply does not seem
                 to be a realistic expectation.'' The term dark fibre
                 means a fibre optic light guide onto which the user can
                 add his own termination without being forced to go
                 through someone elses electronic equipment with its
                 subsequent restrictions on the protocols, framing, etc
                 in use. It is possible to overcome the problem of
                 having to provide electronics which operates at the
                 aggregate bandwidth of the network by employing optical
                 switching systems which make use of wavelength,
                 frequency division or central space division
                 multiplexing. Protocols in third generation networks
                 may well not match with the layers of the OSI Reference
                 Model as the improved error rates and high performance
                 required will lead to the creation of very simple,
                 lightweight protocols that require minimal processing.
                 SONET or ATM technology could currently be used to link
                 LANs or MANs using their 2.49Gbps aggregate
                 bandwidth.",
  references =   "Refs: 14",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Optical links; Technological
                 forecasting",
  where =        "Library Search",
}

@Article{Basili:1991:FGS,
  author =       "Victor R. Basili and John D. Musa",
  title =        "The Future Engineering of Software: {A} Management
                 Perspective",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "90--96",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:59:38 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "In the 1990s, market forces will drive software
                 development into quantitative methods for defining
                 process and product quality.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Maryland Univ., College Park,
                 MD, USA",
  classification = "C0310F (Software development management); C6110B
                 (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Engineering process; Information technology;
                 Management perspective; Metrics; Software development;
                 Software quality; Transferring software technology",
  thesaurus =    "DP management; Quality control; Software engineering;
                 Technology transfer",
}

@Article{Treleaven:1991:VC,
  author =       "P. Treleaven and H. Aiso and M. A. Meth and A. K.
                 Jones and R. H. {Sprague, Jr.} and T. Van Duzer and G.
                 E. Moore and A. C. Weaver and V. Cerf and M. R. Mercer
                 and K. Boykin and D. Cheriton and T. G. Lewis and Luqi
                 and L. P. Deutsch",
  title =        "Viewpoints (computing in the 1990s)",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "98--113",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 18:26:01 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Fifteen academic and industry leaders share their
                 views on current and future technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ. Coll., London, UK",
  classification = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer networks; Computer-aided software
                 prototyping; Computing research; Computing technology;
                 Concurrent engineering; Data parallel computing;
                 Electronic components; Information systems; Information
                 technology; MITI; Object-oriented software technology;
                 Operating systems; Scientific data; Semiconductor
                 technology; Superconductivity",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Computer science; Object-oriented
                 programming; Operating systems [computers]; Parallel
                 programming; Research initiatives; Software
                 prototyping",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:MIS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Multimedia Information Systems: The Unfolding of a
                 Reality",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Guest Editors' Introduction: A. Desai Narasimhalu and
                 Stavros Christodoulakis",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Fox:1991:AID,
  author =       "Edward A. Fox",
  title =        "Advances in Interactive Digital Multimedia Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "9--21",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Progress in hardware, algorithms, and standards has
                 facilitated interactive access to digital multimedia
                 information. This tutorial introduces basic concepts in
                 digital multimedia systems and surveys recent
                 literature.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Virginia Polytech. Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg,
                 VA, USA",
  classification = "C6160 (Database management systems (DBMS)); C7100
                 (Business and administration); C7250 (Information
                 storage and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Compression methods; Digital representations;
                 Interactive digital multimedia systems; Interactive
                 videodiscs; Network options; Standards",
  thesaurus =    "Data compression; Interactive systems; Multimedia
                 systems; Standards",
}

@Article{Meghini:1991:CMM,
  author =       "Carlo Meghini and Fausto Rabitti and Costantino
                 Thanos",
  title =        "Conceptual Modeling of Multimedia Documents",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "23--30",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Multos is an experimental system designed to enhance
                 multimedia document retrieval. It is based on
                 multilevel conceptual modeling principles for semantic
                 structure.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche, Pisa, Italy",
  classification = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Conceptual modelling; Document-retrieval problem;
                 Multimedia documents; Multimedia Office Server; Multos;
                 Semantic contents",
  thesaurus =    "Information retrieval; Multimedia systems",
}

@Article{Feiner:1991:AGC,
  author =       "Steven K. Feiner and Kathleen R. McKeown",
  title =        "Automating the Generation of Coordinated Multimedia
                 Explanations",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "33--41",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "We developed an explanation system to overcome the
                 disadvantages of conventional authoring in multimedia
                 applications. COMET not only determines what to say,
                 but how to say it.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Columbia Univ., New York, NY,
                 USA",
  classification = "C6170 (Expert systems); C7250 (Information storage
                 and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Authoring; COMET; Coordinated multimedia explanations;
                 Explanation system; Generation; Knowledge bases; Text;
                 Three-dimensional graphics",
  thesaurus =    "Knowledge based systems; Multimedia systems",
}

@Article{Little:1991:SCD,
  author =       "Thomas D. C. Little and Arif Ghafoor",
  title =        "Spatio-Temporal Composition of Distributed Multimedia
                 Objects for Value-Added Networks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "42--50",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Future multimedia information systems will require the
                 integration of various objects retrieved from databases
                 distributed across the network. Here we discuss a
                 methodology for spatial and temporal composition of
                 multimedia objects.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr., Comput. and Syst. Eng., Boston
                 Univ., MA, USA",
  classification = "C6160 (Database management systems (DBMS)); C7250
                 (Information storage and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Data distributions; Database organisation; Delays;
                 Distributed multimedia objects; Mapping; Multimedia
                 information system; Spatio-temporal composition;
                 Value-added networks",
  thesaurus =    "Database management systems; Distributed processing;
                 Multimedia systems; Telecommunication networks",
}

@Article{Anderson:1991:CMI,
  author =       "David P. Anderson and George Homsy",
  title =        "A Continuous Media {I/O} Server and Its
                 Synchronization Mechanism",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "51--57",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 18:26:01 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/mmos.bib; Os/mmos.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper presents an approach to continuous media
                 I/O (in particular retrieval, display and
                 synchronization of streams) based on a server model,
                 somewhat analogous to the X Windows window server
                 design. A Low-level software server design called Acme
                 is presented. Acme maps higher level {\em logical
                 devices} to {\em physical devices}. Acme is an
                 object-oriented system. It uses an abstraction called a
                 Logical Time System (LTS) to relate logical devices
                 (for purposes of synchronization). A synchronization
                 algorithm, which uses skipping and pausing (e.g.,
                 dropping or repeating video frames), is presented.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., California
                 Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA",
  classification = "B6210L (Computer communications); C5620 (Computer
                 networks and techniques); C7250 (Information storage
                 and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Acme; Continuous media I/O server; Digital audio and
                 video I/O; Logical time system; Synchronization
                 mechanism",
  thesaurus =    "Multimedia systems; Network servers; Synchronisation",
}

@Article{Palaniappan:1991:IIM,
  author =       "Murugappan Palaniappan and George Fitzmaurice",
  title =        "{InternetExpress}: An Inter-Desktop Multimedia
                 Data-Transfer Service",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "58--67",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Featuring a simple desktop operation that works
                 uniformly across all applications, the InternetExpress
                 integrated service enables users to send and receive
                 selection-based multimedia data in a timely manner.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Brown Univ., Providence, RI, USA",
  classification = "B6210L (Computer communications); C5620 (Computer
                 networks and techniques); C6130E (Data interchange);
                 C6130S (Data security); C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Heterogeneity; Integrated desktop data-transfer
                 service; Inter-desktop multimedia data-transfer
                 service; Intermedia desktop environment;
                 InternetExpress; Seamlessness; Security; Timeliness;
                 User-interface simplicity",
  thesaurus =    "Electronic data interchange; Multimedia systems;
                 Network servers; Security of data",
}

@Article{Vin:1991:MCE,
  author =       "Herrick M. Vin and Polle T. Zellweger and Daniel C.
                 Swinehart and P. Venkat Rangan",
  title =        "Multimedia Conferencing in the {Etherphone}
                 Environment",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "69--79",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The latest extension of the Etherphone project creates
                 a. powerful conferencing system that lets users control
                 their participation in multiple conferences across
                 multimedia networks.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Xerox Palo Alto Res. Center, CA, USA",
  classification = "B6150C (Switching theory); B6150M (Protocols);
                 B6210L (Computer communications); B6210P
                 (Teleconferencing); C5620L (Local area networks); C5640
                 (Protocols)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Ethernet audio transmission; Etherphone environment;
                 Macaw; Multicast packet protocol; Multimedia
                 conferencing; Multimedia networks; Phoenix; Software
                 mechanisms; SPARCstation",
  thesaurus =    "Local area networks; Multimedia systems; Packet
                 switching; Protocols; Teleconferencing",
}

@Article{Lander:1991:CMB,
  author =       "Eric S. Lander and Robert Langridge and Damian M.
                 Saccocio",
  title =        "Computing in Molecular Biology: Mapping and
                 Interpreting Biological Information",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "6--13",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Determining the structure of molecules and their
                 components is the Holy Grail of molecular biology. This
                 article invites computer scientists to join the quest
                 by meeting some highly computational challenges.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A8715 (Molecular biophysics); C7330 (Biology and
                 medicine)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer scientists; Information storage and
                 retrieval; Interpreting biological information;
                 Mapping; Molecular biology computing; Protein structure
                 prediction; Sequence analysis",
  thesaurus =    "Biology computing; Molecular biophysics",
}

@Article{Quisquater:1991:CLE,
  author =       "Jean-Jacques Quisquater and Yvo G. Desmedt",
  title =        "{Chinese Lotto} as an Exhaustive Code-Breaking
                 Machine",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "14--22",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Why use a Cray-2 for problems that can be solved by
                 less expensive distributed computers? Exploiting
                 randomness can produce a simple fault-tolerant
                 architecture.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Louvain Univ., Belgium",
  classification = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C5470 (Performance
                 evaluation and testing); C6130S (Data security)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Chinese lotto; Deterministic; Distributed processors;
                 Elementary concepts; Fault-tolerant exhaustive
                 code-breaking machine; Probability theory; Random",
  thesaurus =    "Cryptography; Distributed processing; Fault tolerant
                 computing",
}

@Article{Clemons:1991:CSI,
  author =       "Eric K. Clemons",
  title =        "Corporate Strategies for Information Technology: {A}
                 Resource-Based Approach",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "23--32",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Innovative information technology systems let a
                 company ``hustle'' an immediate edge over its
                 competition. Moreover, certain such applications that
                 advance a unique strategy can provide a lasting
                 competitive advantage.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Decision Sci., Pennsylvania Univ.,
                 Philadelphia, PA, USA",
  classification = "C0230 (Economic, social and political aspects);
                 C0310 (EDP management); C7100 (Business and
                 administration)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Competitive information systems; Corporate strategies;
                 Economic theory; Information technology; Resource-based
                 approach",
  thesaurus =    "DP management; Office automation; Social aspects of
                 automation",
}

@Article{Dasgupta:1991:CDO,
  author =       "Partha Dasgupta and Richard J. {LeBlanc, Jr.} and
                 Mustaque Ahamad and Umakishore Ramachandran",
  title =        "The {Clouds Distributed Operating System}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "34--44",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Clouds is a general-purpose operating system for
                 distributed environments. It is based on an
                 object-thread model adapted from object-oriented
                 programming.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci. and Eng., Arizona State Univ.,
                 Tempe, AZ, USA",
  classification = "C5620 (Computer networks and techniques); C6150J
                 (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Clouds distributed operating system; General-purpose
                 operating system; Object-oriented programming;
                 Object-thread model; Paradigm; Research directions",
  thesaurus =    "Network operating systems",
}

@Article{Factor:1991:RDF,
  author =       "Michael Factor and David H. Gelernter and Craig E.
                 Kolb and Perry L. Miller and Dean F. Sittig",
  title =        "Real-Time Data Fusion in the Intensive Care Unit",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "45--54",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The process-trellis software architecture provides a.
                 framework for an intelligent medical monitor whose
                 ``paving-stone'' interface gives a. clinician an
                 instantaneous overview of a. patient's status.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USA",
  classification = "C7102 (Decision support systems); C7140 (Medical
                 administration)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Hardware-independent software architecture;
                 Intelligent Cardiovascular Monitor; Intensive care
                 unit; Parallelism; Process trellis; Real time data
                 fusion; Real-time clinical decision-support system;
                 Visualization",
  thesaurus =    "Decision support systems; Medical administrative data
                 processing; Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Tucker:1991:FDS,
  author =       "Allen B. Tucker and Bruce H. Barnes",
  title =        "Flexible Design: {A} Summary of {Computing Curricula}
                 1991",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "56--66",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "New curriculum guidelines broaden the scope of earlier
                 work and support flexible program design by specifying
                 undergraduate requirements in ``knowledge units.''",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Bowdoin Coll., Brunswick, ME,
                 USA",
  classification = "C0220 (Education and training)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computing Curricula 1991; Curricular guidance;
                 Curriculum design; Graduate profiles; Undergraduate
                 programs",
  thesaurus =    "Computer science education; Educational courses",
}

@Article{Ram:1991:GEI,
  author =       "Sudha Ram",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: Heterogeneous Distributed
                 Database Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "7--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Kim:1991:CSD,
  author =       "Won Kim and Jungyun Seo",
  key =          "Kim \& Seo",
  title =        "Classifying Schematic and Data Heterogeneity in Multi
                 Database Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "12--18",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/database.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Schema and data conflicts between component databases
                 are a crucial problem in building multidatabase
                 systems. This article presents a comprehensive
                 framework for classifying these conflicts.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "UniSQL, Inc, Austin, TX, USA",
  annote =       "Discussion of the overall problem, good solution
                 approaches when the heterogeneity is only schema based.
                 Calls for work on the problem when heterogeneous
                 modules are involved.",
  classification = "723; C6160B (Distributed DBMS); C6160D (Relational
                 DBMS); C6160J (Object-oriented databases)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Metatheory--Programming Theory; Data
                 Heterogeneity; Data heterogeneity; Database Systems;
                 Multidatabase Systems; Multidatabase systems;
                 Object-oriented database system; Relational; Relational
                 database schema; Representational discrepancies;
                 UniSQL/M",
  owner =        "curtis",
  thesaurus =    "Data integrity; Distributed databases; Object-oriented
                 databases; Query languages; Relational databases",
}

@Article{Ahmed:1991:PHM,
  author =       "Rafi Ahmed and Philippe {De Smedt} and Weimin Du and
                 William Kent and Mohammad A. Ketabchi and Witold A.
                 Litwin and Abbas Rafii and Ming-Chien Shan",
  title =        "The {Pegasus Heterogeneous Multidatabase System}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "19--27",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Benefiting from object-oriented data modeling and
                 programming capabilities, Pegasus uses both type and
                 function abstractions to resolve mapping and
                 integration problems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Hewlett--Packard Lab., Palo Alto, CA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6160B (Distributed DBMS); C6160J
                 (Object-oriented databases)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Metatheory--Programming Theory; Data
                 Abstraction; Database language; Database Systems;
                 Function abstractions; Management of shared data;
                 Multidatabase Systems; Object-oriented data modeling;
                 Pegasus heterogeneous multidatabase system; Programming
                 language",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed databases; Object-oriented databases",
}

@Article{Soparkar:1991:FTM,
  author =       "Nandit Soparkar and Henry F. Korth and Abraham
                 Silberschatz",
  title =        "Failure-Resilient Transaction Management in
                 Multidatabases",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "28--36",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Failure recovery in a multidatabase environment is not
                 well understood. We present the issues and techniques
                 pertinent to fault-tolerant transaction management.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA",
  classification = "723; C6160B (Distributed DBMS)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Metatheory--Programming Theory; Database
                 Systems; Failure recovery; Failure resilience; Local
                 autonomy; Multidatabase; Relational; Transaction
                 management; Transaction Processing",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed databases; Fault tolerant computing;
                 System recovery; Transaction processing",
}

@Article{Noll:1991:IDI,
  author =       "John Noll and Walt Scacchi",
  title =        "Integrating Diverse Information Repositories: {A}
                 Distributed Hypertext Approach",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "38--45",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A distributed hypertext architecture provides
                 transparent access to autonomous, heterogeneous
                 information repositories. The result is a powerful
                 organizational tool and a simple yet effective
                 integration mechanism.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6160B (Distributed DBMS)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Metatheory--Programming Theory; Database
                 Systems; Distributed; Distributed hypertext;
                 Distributed Hypertext; Heterogeneous information
                 repositories; Heterogeneous repositories; Incompatible
                 interfaces; Transparent access",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed databases; Hypermedia",
}

@Article{Rusinkiewicz:1991:SID,
  author =       "Marek Rusinkiewicz and Amit Sheth and George
                 Karabatis",
  title =        "Specifying Interdatabase Dependencies in a
                 Multidatabase Environment",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "46--53",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "By considering dependence specifications, mutual
                 consistency requirements, and consistency restoration
                 techniques together, we gain better insight into
                 maintaining consistency of related data in a
                 multidatabase environment.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Houston Univ., TX, USA",
  classification = "723; C6160B (Distributed DBMS)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Completeness; Computer Metatheory--Programming Theory;
                 Data Dependencies; Database Systems; Interdatabase
                 dependencies; Multidatabase Environment; Multidatabase
                 environment; Mutual consistency; Polytransactions;
                 Specifications",
  thesaurus =    "Data integrity; Distributed databases; Formal
                 specification",
}

@Article{Collet:1991:RIU,
  author =       "Christine Collet and Michael N. Huhns and Wei-Min
                 Shen",
  title =        "Resource Integration Using a Large Knowledge Base in
                 {Carnot}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "55--62",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This method for integrating separately developed
                 information resources permits access and coherent
                 modification. It uses the Cyc knowledge base as a
                 global schema to resolve inconsistencies.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Microelectronics \& Computer Technology Corp, Austin,
                 TX, USA",
  classification = "723; C6160B (Distributed DBMS); C6160K (Deductive
                 databases)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Carnot; Data integrity; Database Systems; Design;
                 Expert Systems--Knowledge Bases; Global data
                 integration; Information resources; Interoperability;
                 Large knowledge base; Logical connectivity; Resource
                 Integration; Semantic service layer",
  thesaurus =    "Data integrity; Deductive databases; Distributed
                 databases",
}

@Article{Pu:1991:HAT,
  author =       "Calton Pu and Avraham Leff and Shu-Wie F. Chen",
  title =        "Heterogeneous and Autonomous Transaction Processing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "64--72",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Although many obstacles hinder the integration of
                 heterogeneity and autonomy in transaction processing
                 systems, positive steps -- like those described here --
                 are being taken.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Columbia Univ., New York, NY,
                 USA",
  classification = "723; C6160B (Distributed DBMS)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Autonomy; Computer Metatheory--Programming Theory;
                 Database Systems; Distributed databases; Distribution;
                 HATP; Heterogeneity; Query Languages; Transaction
                 processing; Transaction Processing",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed databases; Transaction processing",
}

@Article{Arnold:1991:SAI,
  author =       "D. Arnold and P. Cannata and L. A. Glasson and G.
                 Hallmark and B. McGuire and S. Newman and R. Odegard
                 and H. Sabharwal",
  title =        "{SQL Access}: an implementation of the {ISO Remote
                 Database Access Standard}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "74--78",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 18:26:01 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Teradata, El Segundo, CA, USA",
  classification = "B6150M (Protocols); C5640 (Protocols); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems); C6160B (Distributed DBMS)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Client-server architecture; Data management systems;
                 Heterogeneous systems; Information system; ISO Remote
                 Database Access Standard; Network protocols; Open
                 Systems Interconnect services; Operating systems; SQL
                 Access",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed databases; Open systems; Protocols; Query
                 languages",
}

@Article{Harel:1992:BSB,
  author =       "David Harel",
  title =        "Biting the Silver Bullet: Toward a Brighter Future for
                 System Development",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "8--20",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A ``vanilla'' approach to modeling, together with
                 powerful notions of executability and code generation,
                 may have a profound impact on the ``essence'' of
                 developing complex systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Weizmann Inst. of Sci., Rehovot, Israel",
  classification = "723; 912; C6110B (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Batch Execution; Complex reactive systems; Computer
                 Software; Conceptual Constructs; Exhaustive Executions;
                 Interactive Execution; Reactive Systems; Software
                 Engineering; Software engineering; Solid
                 general-purpose approach; System development; Systems
                 Engineering; Temporal Verification",
  thesaurus =    "Software engineering; Systems analysis",
}

@Article{Wang:1992:PAT,
  author =       "Yulun Wang and Amante Mangaser and Partha Srinivasan
                 and Steve Jordan and Steven Butner",
  title =        "The {3DP}: {A} Processor Architecture for
                 Three-Dimensional Applications",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "25--36",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 Graphics/imager/imager.92.bib;
                 Graphics/siggraph/92.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Many computation problems that involve objects in the
                 physical world require numerous calculations on 3D
                 vectors. This article describes a parallel-computing
                 architecture that targets these problems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Comput. Motion Inc., Goleta, CA, USA",
  annote =       "Design a processor to compute efficiently 3d vector
                 calculations in parallel.",
  classification = "722; 723; 921; C5220P (Parallel architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "3-D numerical structure; 3-Dimensional Processor; C
                 Plus Plus Programming Language; C++; Computer
                 Architecture; Computer Programming --- Object Oriented
                 Programming; Computer Systems, Digital; hardware,
                 parallel processing, Object oriented programming;
                 Highly coupled systems; Mathematical Techniques ---
                 Vectors; Parallel Processing; Parallel-computing
                 architecture; Processor architecture; Scalar
                 architectures; Sun host VMEbus; Three-dimensional
                 applications; Three-Dimensional Processor; Vector
                 Processing",
  thesaurus =    "Parallel architectures",
}

@Article{Woo:1992:ADS,
  author =       "Thomas Y. C. Woo and Simon S. Lam",
  title =        "Authentication for Distributed Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "39--52",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jun 11 18:03:23 1999",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  note =         "See correction \cite{Woo:1992:CAD}.",
  abstract =     "A. distributed system is susceptible to a. variety of
                 security threats mounted by intruders. We describe a.
                 number of protocols to authenticate users, hosts, and
                 processes.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; B6150M (Protocols); C5640 (Protocols);
                 C6130S (Data security)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Authentication; Authentication Protocols; Computer
                 Networks --- Protocols; Computer Systems, Digital ---
                 Distributed; Cryptography; Data Processing; Distributed
                 systems; General Identity Authentication; General
                 identity authentication; Kerberos; Kerberos
                 Authentication Services; Message Content
                 Authentication; Message content authentication; Message
                 Origin Authentication; Message origin authentication;
                 Protocols; Security of Data; SPX; User Authentication",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Protocols; Security of data",
}

@Article{VanRoy:1992:HLP,
  author =       "Peter {Van Roy} and Alvin M. Despain",
  title =        "High-Performance Logic Programming with the {Aquarius
                 Prolog} Compiler",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "54--68",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This optimizing compiler outperforms other Prolog
                 implementations and reduces the performance gap between
                 systems based on logic programming and those based on
                 imperative languages.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Digital Equipment Corp., Paris Res. Lab.,
                 Rueil-Malmaison, France",
  classification = "723; C6110L (Logic programming); C6150C (Compilers,
                 interpreters and other processors)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Aquarius Prolog Compiler; Aquarius Prolog compiler; C;
                 Computer Operating Systems --- Program Compilers;
                 Computer Programming; Computer Programming Languages
                 --- prolog; High performance compiler; High-performance
                 commercial systems; Logic Programming; Logic
                 programming; Warren Abstract Machine",
  thesaurus =    "Logic programming; Program compilers; PROLOG",
}

@Article{VanRoy:1992:HPL,
  author =       "Peter {Van Roy} and Alvin M. Despain",
  title =        "High-performance logic programming with the {Aquarius
                 Prolog} compiler",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "54--68",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Thu Oct 29 07:23:29 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Klenke:1992:PTA,
  author =       "Robert H. Klenke and Ronald D. Williams and James H.
                 Aylor",
  title =        "Parallel-Processing Techniques for Automatic Test
                 Pattern Generation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "71--84",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The efficiency of algorithms for automatic test
                 pattern generation has not kept pace with increasing
                 circuit size. Mapping the problem to
                 parallel-processing machines may improve performance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept of Electr. Eng., Virginia Univ., Charlottesville,
                 VA, USA",
  classification = "713; 714; 722; 723; B1265B (Logic circuits); B7210B
                 (Automatic test and measurement systems); C5210 (Logic
                 design methods); C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C7410D (Electronic engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Automatic test pattern generation; Automatic Test
                 Pattern Generation; Computer Systems, Digital ---
                 Parallel Processing; Fault partitioning; Fault
                 Partitioning; Functional partitioning; Functional
                 Partitioning; Heuristic Parallelization; Heuristic
                 parallelization; Integrated Circuits; Parallel machine;
                 Search-Space Partitioning; Search-space partitioning;
                 Stability; Testing; Topological partitioning;
                 Topological Partitioning",
  thesaurus =    "Automatic testing; Fault tolerant computing; Logic
                 testing; Parallel processing",
}

@Article{Myers:1992:SSR,
  author =       "Ware Myers",
  title =        "{Supercomputing} 91: Special Report: High-performance
                 computing as a window into the future",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "87--90",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Hamming:1992:RMF,
  author =       "R. W. Hamming",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Mathematical Foundations of Computer
                 Science}, Volume 1 (Fejer, P. A. and Simovici D. A;
                 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "134--135",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Zalewski:1992:RAD,
  author =       "Janusz Zalewski",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Ada in Distributed Real-Time
                 Systems\/} (Nielsen, K; 1990)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "135--135",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Hoevel:1992:OCT,
  author =       "Lee Hoevel and Veljko Milutinovic",
  title =        "The {Open Channel}: Terminology risks with the {RISC}
                 concept in the risky {RISC} arena",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "136--136",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Choudhary:1992:GEI,
  author =       "Alok Choudhary and Sanjay Ranka",
  title =        "{Guest Editors}' Introduction: Parallel Processing for
                 Computer Vision and Image Understanding",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "7--10",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Choudhary:1992:PPC,
  author =       "Alok Choudhary and Sanjay Ranka",
  title =        "Parallel processing for computer vision and image
                 understanding (special issue introduction)",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "7--10",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Marsh:1992:RCP,
  author =       "Brian Marsh and Chris Brown and Thomas LeBlanc and
                 Michael Scott and Tim Becker and Cesar Quiroz and
                 Prakash Das and Jonas Karlsson",
  title =        "The {Rochester Checkers Player}: Multimodel Parallel
                 Programming for Animate Vision",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "12--19",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Checkers, a complex real-time application,
                 demonstrates the advantages of decomposing animate
                 vision systems by function and independently selecting
                 an appropriate parallel-programming model for each
                 function.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Rochester Univ., NY, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 741; C5260B (Computer vision and picture
                 processing); C6110P (Parallel programming); C7830D
                 (Computer games)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Animate vision laboratory; Animate vision systems;
                 Complex animate vision application; Computational
                 Models; Computer Systems, Digital--Parallel Processing;
                 Computer Vision; Hardware base; Image Processing--Image
                 Analysis; Image Understanding; Integrated vision
                 architecture; Multimodel program; Multimodel
                 programming; Multiple models; Parallel-programming
                 model; Psyche operating system; Rochester checkers
                 player; Software requirements",
  thesaurus =    "Computer animation; Computer games; Computer vision;
                 Parallel programming",
}

@Article{Webb:1992:STA,
  author =       "Jon A. Webb",
  title =        "Steps Toward Architecture-Independent Image
                 Processing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "21--31",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Adapt is an architecture-independent language based on
                 the split-and-merge model. It is specialized for
                 efficient, parallel computation of image-processing
                 algorithms.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegia Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "723; 741; C5260B (Computer vision and picture
                 processing); C6110P (Parallel programming); C6140D
                 (High level languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Adapt language; Architecture Independent Languages;
                 Architecture-independent image processing;
                 Architecture-independent language; Computer
                 Metatheory--Algorithmic Languages; Image Processing;
                 Image-processing algorithms; Parallel computation;
                 Programming model; Split-and-merge model",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised picture processing; Merging; Parallel
                 languages; Parallel programming",
}

@Article{Rigoutsos:1992:MPM,
  author =       "Isidore Rigoutsos and Robert Hummel",
  title =        "Massively Parallel Model Matching: Geometric Hashing
                 on the {Connection Machine}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "33--42",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 06:59:47 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Geometric hashing provides a parallel method for model
                 matching. However, the design and implementation of
                 parallel algorithms for AI applications is fraught with
                 subtlety and challenge.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "New York Univ., NY, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C4260 (Computational geometry); C5260B
                 (Computer vision and picture processing); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming); C6120 (File organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Broadcast facilities; Building-block parallel
                 algorithms; Computer Metatheory--Programming Theory;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Connection Machine; Dot
                 patterson; Extracted features; Geometric Hashing;
                 Geometric hashing; Geometric properties; Hash table
                 data structure; Model information; Multiple-viewpoint;
                 Parallel hypercube techniques; Parallel Processing;
                 Preprocessing phase; Recognition phase",
  thesaurus =    "Computational geometry; Computerised pattern
                 recognition; Data structures; Parallel algorithms;
                 Parallel machines; Parallel programming",
}

@Article{Wallace:1992:DCP,
  author =       "A. M. Wallace and G. J. Michaelson and P. McAndrew and
                 K. G. Waugh and W. J. Austin",
  title =        "Dynamic Control and Prototyping of Parallel Algorithms
                 for Intermediate- and High-Level Vision",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "43--53",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors present recent work that exploits MIMD
                 architectures for problems in intermediate- and
                 high-level vision in computers. They emphasize the
                 inherent potential for dynamic control of algorithms on
                 the basis of partial results.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh,
                 UK",
  classification = "722; 723; 741; C4240P (Parallel programming and
                 algorithm theory); C5260B (Computer vision and picture
                 processing); C6110B (Software engineering techniques);
                 C6110P (Parallel programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Communication complexity; Computer Systems,
                 Digital--Parallel Processing; Computer Vision; Computer
                 vision systems; Dynamic control; Flexible transputer
                 network; Functional prototyping; Imperative execution
                 code; Mathematical Techniques--Algorithms; Object
                 recognition; Output data sets; Parallel Algorithms;
                 Parallel algorithms; Plane detection",
  thesaurus =    "Computer vision; Parallel algorithms; Parallel
                 programming; Software prototyping",
}

@Article{Siegel:1992:MCT,
  author =       "Howard Jay Siegel and James B. Armstrong and Daniel W.
                 Watson",
  title =        "Mapping Computer-Vision-Related Tasks onto
                 Reconfigurable Parallel-Processing Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "54--63",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors demonstrate how reconfigurability can be
                 used by reviewing and examining five
                 computer-vision-related algorithms. Each one emphasizes
                 a different aspect of reconfigurability.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Electr. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette,
                 IN, USA",
  classification = "723; 741; C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5260B
                 (Computer vision and picture processing); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Communicating submachines; Computer Architecture;
                 Computer Systems, Digital--Parallel Processing;
                 Computer Vision; Computer-vision-related algorithms;
                 Flexible multistage cube interconnection network;
                 Instruction-level granularity; MIMD; Mixed-mode
                 parallelism; Multiprocessor system; Reconfigurable
                 parallel-processing systems; Reconfigurable
                 Parallel-Processing Systems; SIMD; Tutorial overview",
  thesaurus =    "Computer vision; Multiprocessor interconnection
                 networks; Parallel machines; Parallel programming",
}

@Article{Siegel:1992:MCV,
  author =       "Howard Jay Siegel and James B. Armstrong and Daniel W.
                 Watson",
  title =        "Mapping computer-vision-related tasks onto
                 reconfigurable parallel-processing systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "54--63",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Weems:1992:IUA,
  author =       "Charles C. Weems and Edward M. Riseman and Allen R.
                 Hanson and P. J. Narayanan and Ling Tony Chen and Larry
                 S. Davis and Leah H. Jamieson and Edward J. Delp and
                 Wang Chao-Chun and Juan Li and others",
  title =        "Image understanding architecture: Exploiting potential
                 parallelism in machine vision",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "65--68",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Three overviews report ongoing research in image
                 understanding architecture, SIMD parallelism in
                 computer vision, and software environments for parallel
                 computer vision.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Massachusetts Univ., Amherst, MA, USA",
  classification = "723; 741; C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5260B
                 (Computer vision and picture processing); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "ACU; Applications; Array control unit; CAAPP; Computer
                 Vision; Content addressable array parallel processor;
                 Hardware architecture; ICAP; Image Processing--Image
                 Analysis; Image Understanding; Image understanding
                 architecture; Intermediate communication associative
                 processor; IUA; Machine Vision; Machine vision; MIMD;
                 Multiple-instruction multiple-data; Parallel processor;
                 SIMD; Single-instruction multiple-data; Single-program
                 multiple-data; SPA; SPMD; Symbolic processing array;
                 Tightly coupled parallel processors; Vision
                 abstraction",
  thesaurus =    "Computer vision; Computerised picture processing;
                 Parallel architectures; Parallel machines",
}

@Article{Narayanan:1992:EUS,
  author =       "P. J. Narayanan and Ling Tony Chen and Larry S.
                 Davis",
  title =        "Effective use of {SIMD} parallelism in low- and
                 intermediate-level vision",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "68--73",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Computer Vision Lab., Maryland Univ., College Park,
                 MD, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 741; 921; C4240P (Parallel programming and
                 algorithm theory); C5260B (Computer vision and picture
                 processing); C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C6110P (Parallel programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Algorithm implementations; Computer Systems,
                 Digital--Parallel Processing; Computer Vision;
                 Connection Machine; Connection Machine CM2; Contour
                 image analysis; Focus-of-attention vision; Image
                 Understanding; Image understanding; Machine models;
                 Mathematical Techniques--Algorithms; Parallel machines;
                 Parallel-processing methods; Processing times; SIMD
                 Architecture",
  thesaurus =    "Computer vision; Computerised picture processing;
                 Parallel algorithms; Parallel machines; Parallel
                 programming",
}

@Article{Jamieson:1992:SEP,
  author =       "Leah H. Jamieson and Edward J. Delp and Chao-Chun Wang
                 and Juan Li and Frank J. Weil",
  title =        "A software environment for parallel computer vision",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "73--77",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 741; C5220P (Parallel architecture);
                 C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming); C6115 (Programming support)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Algorithm development process; Algorithm techniques;
                 Cloner; Computer Software--Applications; Computer
                 Systems, Digital--Parallel Processing; Computer Vision;
                 CVIP problem domain; DISC; Dynamic intelligent
                 scheduling; Dynamic schedule; Graph Matcher;
                 High-performance algorithms; Image processing;
                 Interactive system; Library algorithms; Parallel
                 Algorithms; Parallel algorithms; Parallel computer
                 vision; Software Environment; Software environment;
                 Target parallel architecture",
  thesaurus =    "Computer vision; Computerised picture processing;
                 Parallel algorithms; Parallel architectures; Parallel
                 programming; Programming environments",
}

@Article{Begg:1992:RTC,
  author =       "Vivienne S. Begg",
  title =        "Review of {{\em A Theory of Computer Semiotics}
                 (Anderson, P. B; 1990)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "118--119",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Zalewski:1992:RTL,
  author =       "Janusz Zalewski",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Temporal Logic for Real-Time
                 Systems\/} (Ostroff, I J; 1990)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "119--119",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Woo:1992:ARC,
  author =       "T. Y. C. Woo and S. S. Lam",
  title =        "`Authentication' revisited (correction and addendum to
                 {`Authentication' for distributed systems, Jan. 92,
                 39--52})",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "10",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 18:26:01 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA",
  classification = "C5640 (Protocols); C6130S (Data security)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Distributed systems; Peer-peer authentication
                 protocol",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Protocols; Security of data",
}

@Article{Woo:1992:CAD,
  author =       "Thomas Y. C. Woo and Simon S. Lam",
  title =        "Correction: Authentication for distributed systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "10--10",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jun 11 18:03:26 1999",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Woo:1992:ADS}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Nielsen:1992:UEL,
  author =       "Jakob Nielsen",
  title =        "The Usability Engineering Life Cycle",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "12--22",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A. usability engineering process to ensure good user
                 interfaces includes elements to be considered before
                 the design, during the design, and after field
                 installation of a. software product.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bellcore, Morristown, NJ, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C6110B (Software engineering techniques);
                 C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating
                 systems); C6180 (User interfaces)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Interfaces; Computer Software; Computer
                 Systems, Digital --- Interactive Operation; Empirical
                 user testing; Interactive computer products;
                 Interactive Computer Products; Iterative design;
                 Iterative Design; Practical usability engineering
                 process; Product design; Prototyping; Software
                 Engineering; Software product development process;
                 Software project; Usability engineering life cycle;
                 Usability Engineering Life Cycle; Usability engineering
                 model; Usability Heuristics",
  thesaurus =    "Interactive programming; Interactive systems; Program
                 testing; Software engineering; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Reichbach:1992:SOD,
  author =       "Jonathan D. Reichbach and Richard A. Kemmerer",
  title =        "{SoundWorks}: An Object-Oriented Distributed System
                 for Digital Sound",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "25--37",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "SoundWorks lets users interactively manipulate sound
                 through a graphical interface. The system handles
                 digitally sampled sounds as well as those generated by
                 software and digital signal processing hardware.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 752; B6210L (Computer communications);
                 B6450F (Sound synthesisers); C5260 (Digital signal
                 processing); C5620 (Computer networks and techniques);
                 C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6130B (Graphics
                 techniques); C6180G (Graphical user interfaces); C7820
                 (Humanities)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Acoustic Signal Processing; Client application;
                 Computer Graphics --- Interactive; Computer Programming
                 --- Object Oriented Programming; Digital signal
                 processing hardware; Digitally sampled sounds;
                 Graphical interface; Graphical window-based interface;
                 Graphical Window-Based Interface; High-level
                 architecture; Interactive Sound Manipulation; NEWS
                 application programming environment; Object-oriented
                 approach; Object-Oriented Distributed System;
                 Object-oriented distributed system; Primitive graphic
                 items; Protocol; Signal Processing --- Digital
                 Techniques; Sound kernel specification; SoundWorks;
                 Soundworks System; User interface code",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised signal processing; Distributed
                 processing; Electronic music; Graphical user
                 interfaces; Music; Object-oriented programming",
}

@Article{Wiederhold:1992:MAF,
  author =       "Gio Wiederhold",
  title =        "Mediators in the Architecture of Future Information
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "38--49",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Mediators embody the administrative and technical
                 knowledge to create information needed for user
                 decision-making modules. The goal is to exploit the
                 data technology puts within our reach.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 903; C6160 (Database management systems
                 (DBMS)); C6170 (Expert systems); C6180 (User
                 interfaces)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Programming --- Object Oriented Programming;
                 Computer Workstations; Database Systems; Encoded
                 knowledge; End-user access; Future information systems;
                 Information processing; Information Processing;
                 Information representation; Information Retrieval
                 Systems; Information system components; Knowledge
                 Maintenance; Knowledge maintenance; Mediator
                 architecture; Mediator interfaces; Mediator Interfaces;
                 Mediator modules; Multiple databases; Software module;
                 Software modules; User-Oriented Processing; Workstation
                 applications; Workstation-Database Mediation",
  thesaurus =    "Database management systems; Knowledge based systems;
                 Knowledge representation; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Bright:1992:TCI,
  author =       "M. W. Bright and A. R. Hurson and Simin H. Pakzad",
  title =        "A Taxonomy and Current Issues in Multidatabase
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "50--60",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Global access and local autonomy are central to
                 multidatabase system design. This article draws on
                 other information-sharing systems research to define
                 key issues.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA",
  classification = "723; 903; C6140D (High level languages); C6160B
                 (Distributed DBMS); C7250L (Non-bibliographic
                 systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Database Systems; Design approaches; Global
                 Information Sharing Systems; Global information-sharing
                 systems; Global Query Processing; Global schema
                 systems; Heterogeneous Database Systems; Information
                 Retrieval Systems; Multidatabase language systems;
                 Multidatabase projects; Multidatabase systems;
                 Multidatabase Systems; Taxonomy",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed databases; Query languages",
}

@Article{Lenoski:1992:SDM,
  author =       "Daniel Lenoski and James Laudon and Kourosh
                 Gharachorloo and Wolf-Dietrich Weber and Anoop Gupta
                 and John Hennessy and Mark Horowitz and Monica S. Lam",
  title =        "The {Stanford Dash} Multiprocessor",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "63--79",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Directory-based cache coherence gives Dash the
                 ease-of-use of shared-memory architectures while
                 maintaining the scalability of a message-passing
                 machine.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cache coherence; Cache Coherence; Coherent caches;
                 Computer Architecture; Computer Networks --- Protocols;
                 Computer Systems, Digital; Dash architecture; Dash
                 Cache-Coherence Protocol; Dash prototype machine;
                 Directory architecture; Directory Architecture for
                 Shared Memory (dash); Distributed directory-based
                 protocol; Distributed Memory; Memory accesses;
                 Multiprocessing; Near-linear performance growth;
                 Processing nodes; Processor utilization; Scalability;
                 Scalable bandwidth; Scalable high-performance machine;
                 Shared data; Shared memory; Single address space;
                 Software support; Stanford Dash multiprocessor;
                 Stanford Dash Multiprocessor",
  thesaurus =    "Multiprocessing systems; Parallel architectures",
}

@Article{Teruel:1992:ROO,
  author =       "Alejandro Teruel",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Object-Oriented Design\/} (Coed, P.
                 and Yourdon, E.; 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "125--125",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Zalewski:1992:RSE,
  author =       "Janusz Zalewski",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Software Engineering with
                 Abstractions\/} (Berzins, V, and Luqi)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "125--126",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Stein:1992:OCH,
  author =       "Richard Marion Stein",
  title =        "The {Open Channel}: How to forestall electronic
                 mutually assured destruction",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "128--128",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:JBR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{January} book review: {A} plea for {McMathematics}
                 for engineers",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--4",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Fuchs:1992:WIA,
  author =       "W. Kent Fuchs and Earl E. Swartzlander",
  title =        "Wafer-Scale Integration: Architectures and
                 Algorithms",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "6--8",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Fuchs:1992:WSI,
  author =       "W. Kent Fuchs and Earl E. {Swartzlander, Jr.}",
  title =        "Wafer-scale integration: Architectures and algorithms
                 (special issue introduction)",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "6--8",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Horst:1992:TAW,
  author =       "Robert W. Horst",
  title =        "Task-Flow Architecture for {WSI} Parallel Processing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "10--18",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This discussion explains the basics of task-flow
                 architecture, examines a. wafer-scale-integration
                 implementation, and presents simulation results of a.
                 hypothetical machine.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Tandem Comput. Inc., Cupertino, CA, USA",
  classification = "714; 722; 723; 922; C5220P (Parallel architecture);
                 C7430 (Computer engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Chain WSI Simulation; Computer Architecture; Computer
                 Systems, Digital; Computer Systems, Digital ---
                 Pipeline Processing; Data Transmission --- Packet
                 Switching; Integrated Circuits, WSI; Mathematical
                 Statistics --- Monte Carlo Methods; Memory Packets;
                 Monte Carlo simulation; Monte Carlo Simulation;
                 Parallel Processing; Receive queue; Register-transfer
                 simulator; Ring of cells; Simulated wafer-scale
                 implementation of flowing tasks; SWIFT; Task-Flow
                 Architecture; Task-flow architecture; Wafer-scale
                 integration; WSI Parallel Processing",
  thesaurus =    "Digital simulation; Parallel architectures; Virtual
                 machines",
}

@Article{Horst:1992:TFA,
  author =       "Robert W. Horst",
  title =        "Task-flow architecture for {WST} parallel processing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "10--18",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Yamashita:1992:DYE,
  author =       "Koichi Yamashita and Shohei Ikehara",
  title =        "A Design and Yield Evaluation Technique for
                 Wafer-Scale Memory",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "19--27",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Wafer-scale memory promises to provide greater yet
                 cheaper storage volume than conventional memory systems
                 using discrete chips. The authors used a Monte Carlo
                 simulator for confirmation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Fujitsu Labs. Ltd., Atsugi, Japan",
  classification = "714; 722; 723; 922; C5310 (Storage system design);
                 C5320G (Semiconductor storage); C7430 (Computer
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Systems, Digital; Data Storage, Digital ---
                 Random Access; Data Storage, Semiconductor; Defect
                 Tolerance; Fault Tolerant Capability; Integrated
                 Circuits, WSI; Mathematical Statistics --- Monte Carlo
                 Methods; Microprocessor Chips; Monte Carlo technique;
                 Optimal Defect Tolerance; Switching-Register Network
                 Logic; Switching-register network logic; Wafer-Scale
                 Memory; Wafer-scale memory; Wafer-scale random-access
                 memory; WSI Yield Simulator",
  thesaurus =    "Digital simulation; Memory architecture; Monte Carlo
                 methods; Semiconductor storage",
}

@Article{Boubekeur:1992:CWS,
  author =       "Ahmed Boubekeur and Jean-Luc Patry and Gabriele
                 Saucier and Jacques Trilhe",
  title =        "Configuring a wafer-scale two-dimensional array of
                 single-bit processors",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "29--39",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Boubekeur:1992:CWT,
  author =       "Ahmed Boubekeur and Jean-Luc Patry and Gabriele
                 Saucier and Jacques Trilhe",
  title =        "Configuring a Wafer-Scale Two-Dimensional Array of
                 Single-Bit Processors",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "29--39",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This overview of Europe's ELSA project shows how new
                 hardware and software techniques can be used to achieve
                 greater defect tolerance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Nat. Polytech. Inst. of Grenoble, France",
  classification = "714; 722; 723; C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Defect-free chips; Double-rail connection network;
                 ELSA; ELSA Project; European Large SIMD Array; Fault
                 Tolerant Capability; Image Processing; Integrated
                 Circuits, WSI; Low-level image processing;
                 Microprocessor Chips; Switch Programming Software;
                 Switching-Node Architecture; Target architecture;
                 Target array; Wafer-scale architectures",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised picture processing; Fault tolerant
                 computing; Parallel architectures",
}

@Article{Anderson:1992:WIU,
  author =       "Allan H. Anderson and Jack I. Raffel and Peter W.
                 Wyatt",
  title =        "Wafer-Scale Integration Using Restructurable {VLSI}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "41--47",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Lasers are used in the final fabrication step for
                 defect avoidance and customization. Nine wafer-scale
                 systems illustrate the technique and its trade-offs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "MIT Lincoln Lab., Lexington, MA, USA",
  classification = "713; 714; 744; B2570 (Semiconductor integrated
                 circuits)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Diffused-link restructuring; Diffused-Link
                 Restructuring Device; Integrated Circuit Manufacture
                 --- Laser Applications; Integrated Circuits, vlsi;
                 Integrated Circuits, WSI; Laser interconnection
                 process; Laser Interconnection Process; Restructurable
                 very large scale integration; Restructurable vlsi
                 program; Wafer-scale circuits",
  thesaurus =    "Integrated circuit technology; Optical
                 interconnections; VLSI",
}

@Article{Anderson:1992:WSI,
  author =       "Allan H. Anderson and Jack I. Raffel and Peter W.
                 Wyatt",
  title =        "Wafer-scale integration using restructurable {VLSI}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "41--47",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Chapman:1992:WST,
  author =       "Glenn H. Chapman and M. Parameswaran and Marek
                 Syrzycki",
  title =        "Wafer-scale transducer arrays",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "50--56",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Chapman:1992:WTA,
  author =       "Glenn H. Chapman and M. Parameswaran and Marek
                 Syrzycki",
  title =        "Wafer-scale transducer arrays",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "50--56",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors combined laser interconnection techniques
                 and micromachining technology to produce wafer-scale
                 transducer arrays. A prototype thermal-pixel dynamic
                 scene simulator illustrates typical design
                 requirements.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC, Canada",
  classification = "604; 713; 714; 741; 744; B2570D (CMOS integrated
                 circuits); B7230C (Photodetectors); B7230G (Image
                 sensors)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "3 Micron; CMOS technology; cmos-compatible
                 Micromachining; Fabrication; Image Sensors; Integrated
                 Circuits, cmos; Integrated Circuits, WSI; Laser
                 interconnection techniques; laser-Linking Redundancy
                 Technique; Metal Cutting --- Micromachining;
                 Micromatching technology; Redundancy technique; Sensors
                 --- Silicon Sensors; Thermal dynamic scene simulator;
                 Thermal Dynamic Scene Simulator; Thermal Pixel Arrays;
                 Thermal pixels; Wafer-Scale Transducer Arrays;
                 Wafer-scale transducer arrays",
  numericalindex = "Size 3.0E-06 m",
  thesaurus =    "CMOS integrated circuits; Image sensors; Infrared
                 detectors; Micromechanical devices; Transducers; VLSI",
}

@Article{Maly:1992:PWM,
  author =       "Wojciech Maly",
  title =        "Prospects for {WSI}: {A} Manufacturing Perspective",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "58--65",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "For 20 years, the drive toward smaller feature size
                 has dominated the evolution of microelectronics. The
                 cost analysis presented here suggests a. change in this
                 trend and better prospects for WSI.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Carnegie Mellon
                 Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "713; 714; 715; 911; B0170J (Product packaging);
                 B2570 (Semiconductor integrated circuits)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cost efficiency; Die size; Electronics Packaging;
                 Flip-chip multichip modules; Flip-Chip Multichip
                 Modules; Integrated Circuit Manufacture --- Costs;
                 Integrated Circuits, WSI; Manufacture; Manufacturing
                 cost model; Minimum feature size; Performance gain;
                 WSI; WSI Manufacturing Costs",
  thesaurus =    "Integrated circuit manufacture; Modules; Packaging;
                 VLSI",
}

@Article{Landis:1992:POW,
  author =       "David L. Landis and Nitin Nigam and Joseph W. Yoder
                 and Vijay K. Jain and Hiroomi Hikawa and D. C. Keezer",
  title =        "Project Overviews: Wafer-scale optimization using
                 computational availability",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "66--71",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Overview report progress in on-going research in two
                 areas: the use of redundancy in WSI design and the
                 development of a WSI architecture for rapid
                 prototyping.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Center for Microelectron. Res., Univ. of South
                 Florida, Tampa, FL, USA",
  classification = "713; 714; 722; 723; B1265F (Microprocessors and
                 microcomputers); B2570 (Semiconductor integrated
                 circuits); C5220P (Parallel architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computational availability; Computer Architecture;
                 Computer System Redundancy; Computer Systems, Digital
                 --- Multiprocessing; Computer Systems, Digital ---
                 Parallel Processing; Data Storage, Digital --- Random
                 Access; Integrated Circuits, WSI; Mosaic Multicomputer;
                 Mosaic multicomputer; Optimization; Parallel processing
                 architectures; Programmable Systolic Data Processor;
                 Programmable systolic data processor; Redundancy;
                 Wafer-level designs",
  thesaurus =    "Microprocessor chips; Parallel architectures;
                 Redundancy; VLSI",
}

@Article{Jain:1992:AWR,
  author =       "Vijay K. Jain and Hiroomi Hikawa and D. C. Keezer",
  title =        "An architecture for {WSI} rapid prototyping",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "71--75",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Center for Miocroelectron. Res., Univ. of South
                 Florida, Tampa, FL, USA",
  classification = "713; 714; 722; 723; 922; C5220 (Computer
                 architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Harvesting Probability Model;
                 Harvesting probability model; Integrated Circuits, WSI;
                 Microprocessor Chips; Probability; Rapid prototyping;
                 Single-wafer architecture; Universal
                 multiply-subtract-add; Universal Multiply-Subtract-Add
                 Cell; Universal Nonlinear Cell; Wafer-scale testing;
                 WARP; WSI; WSI Rapid Prototyping; Yield",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; VLSI",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:CSNa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Computer Society} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "76--78",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Development of ethical standards for computing
                 professionals",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Chou:1992:RNN,
  author =       "Tsai-Chia Peter Chou",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems: A
                 Dynamical Systems Approach to Machine Intelligence\/}
                 (Kosko, B; 1992)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "110--110",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Zalewski:1992:RMB,
  author =       "Janusz Zalewski",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Microcomputer Buses\/} (Cram, R. M;
                 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "110--111",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Ahmed:1992:RHP,
  author =       "Rana Ejaz Ahmed",
  title =        "Review of {{\em High-Performance Computer Architecture
                 Ahmed, 2nd edn.} (Stone, H. S; 1990)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "111--111",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 08 08:34:00 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Eggert:1992:OCN,
  author =       "Paul Eggert",
  title =        "The {Open Channel}: New open channels, old-fashioned
                 societies",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "112--112",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Herath:1992:CAI,
  author =       "Jayantha Herath",
  title =        "Computer architectures for intelligent systems
                 (special issue introduction)",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "6--9",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Rizzi:1992:DRC,
  author =       "Alfred A. Rizzi and Louis L. Whitcomb and Daniel E.
                 Koditschek",
  title =        "Distributed Real-Time Control of a Spatial Robot
                 Juggler",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "12--24",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This robot uses a distributed network of transputers
                 to process stereo camera data and control the torque of
                 a three-degree-of-freedom arm to juggle a ball.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 731; C1180 (Optimisation techniques);
                 C3120C (Spatial variables); C3390 (Robotics); C5220P
                 (Parallel architecture); C5260B (Computer vision and
                 picture processing); C7420 (Control engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Computer Programming ---
                 Algorithms; Computer Systems, Digital --- Distributed;
                 Control Systems; Control Systems, Distributed Parameter
                 --- Design; Control Systems, Nonlinear --- Design;
                 Distributed network; Distributed real-time control;
                 Embedded real-time distributed controllers;
                 Event-driven dynamical processes; Geometric
                 programming; Geometrical transformations; Juggling
                 algorithm; Mathematical expression; Mirror laws;
                 Nonlinear feedback controllers; Programming approach;
                 Robot Jugglers; Robot position; Robots; Spatial robot
                 juggler; Stereo camera data; Syntactically oriented
                 if-then-else approach; Three-degree-of-freedom arm;
                 Torque; Transputers; Working principles; Yale spatial
                 juggler; Yale Spatial Juggler",
  thesaurus =    "Computer vision; Computerised control; Distributed
                 control; Geometric programming; Mobile robots; Position
                 control; Real-time systems; Robot programming;
                 Transputers",
}

@Article{Abramson:1992:VHS,
  author =       "David Abramson",
  title =        "A Very High Speed Architecture for Simulated
                 Annealing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "27--36",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Simulated annealing algorithms for scheduling are
                 often extremely slow, even on workstations or
                 supercomputers. Special-purpose architectures
                 implemented on low-cost PC boards can speed annealing
                 dramatically.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Commonwealth Sci. and Ind. Res. Organ., Carlton, Vic.,
                 Australia",
  classification = "722; 723; 913; 921; C1180 (Optimisation techniques);
                 C1290 (Applications of systems theory); C5220 (Computer
                 architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Computer Programming ---
                 Algorithms; Counting costs; Distance-measure costs;
                 Optimization; Robust system; Scheduling; Scheduling
                 problems; Simple cost measures; Simulated Annealing;
                 Simulated annealing algorithm; Special-purpose computer
                 architecture; Very high speed architecture",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Scheduling; Simulated
                 annealing",
}

@Article{Moldovan:1992:SPP,
  author =       "Dan Moldovan and Wing Lee and Changhwa Lin and Minhwa
                 Chung",
  title =        "{Snap}: Parallel Processing Applied to {AI}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "39--49",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A. marker-passing parallel computer designed
                 especially for knowledge representation and processing
                 is offered as a. viable approach to building future
                 intelligent systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng. Syst., Univ. of Southern
                 California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6170 (Expert
                 systems); C6180N (Natural language processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Array Processors; Artificial Intelligence; Computer
                 Architecture; Computer Systems, Digital ---
                 Distributed; Computer Systems, Digital ---
                 Multiprocessing; Future intelligent systems; Knowledge
                 representation; Knowledge-processing applications;
                 Marker-passing approach; Marker-passing model;
                 Marker-passing parallel computer; Natural Language
                 Processing Systems; Natural-language; Nontrivial
                 natural-language problems; Semantic Network Array
                 Processor; Semantic Network Array Processor (snap);
                 Semantic Networks; Semantic networks; SNAP; snap
                 (Semantic Network Array Processor); Special-purpose
                 parallel computer architectures",
  thesaurus =    "Inference mechanisms; Knowledge based systems;
                 Knowledge representation; Natural languages; Parallel
                 architectures; Parallel machines",
}

@Article{Ferguson:1992:TAA,
  author =       "Innes A. Ferguson",
  title =        "{TouringMachines}: Autonomous agents with attitudes",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "51--55",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Touring Machines blend both sophisticated and
                 simplified control features. Experience shows that this
                 layered architecture can be configured to
                 simultaneously behave robustly and flexibly in dynamic
                 settings.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bell-Northern Research Ltd., Ottawa, Ont., Canada",
  classification = "722; 723; 731; C3390 (Robotics); C5220 (Computer
                 architecture); C6170 (Expert systems); C7420 (Control
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Autonomous mobile agents; Behavior-based agent
                 architectures; Computer Architecture; Control
                 architecture; Deliberative behaviors; Dynamic settings;
                 Flexibility; Layered architecture; Mobile; Multilayered
                 integrated architecture; Multilayered Integrated
                 Architectures; Robots; Robots --- Control Systems;
                 Robustness; Simplified control features; Testbed;
                 Touring Machines; TouringMachines; Unpredictable
                 domains",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Computerised control; Knowledge
                 based systems; Mobile robots",
}

@Article{Albus:1992:RRM,
  author =       "James S. Albus",
  title =        "{RCS}: {A} reference model architecture for
                 intelligent control",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "56--59",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This special section presents six reports of ongoing
                 research in intelligent systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Nat. Inst. of Stand. and Technol., Gaithersburg, MD,
                 USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 731; C3355C (Machining processes and
                 machine tools); C3390 (Robotics); C5220 (Computer
                 architecture); C6170 (Expert systems); C7420 (Control
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial Intelligence; Canonical form; Computational
                 nodes; Computer Architecture; Control hierarchy;
                 Control Systems; Hierarchical layers; Intelligent
                 Control; Intelligent real-time control systems; Machine
                 tool; Machining workstation; Part buffer; RCS; RCS
                 architecture; RCS Reference Model Architecture;
                 Recursive structure; Reference model architecture;
                 Robot; Sensory processing; Systematic regularity; Task
                 decomposition; Value judgment; World modeling",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Computerised control;
                 Industrial robots; Knowledge based systems; Machine
                 tools; Real-time systems",
}

@Article{LePape:1992:UCP,
  author =       "Claude {Le Pape}",
  title =        "Using constraint propagation in blackboard systems:
                 {A} flexible software architecture for reactive and
                 distributed systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "60--62",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Robotics Lab., Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "723; C5620 (Computer networks and techniques);
                 C6110L (Logic programming); C6170 (Expert systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial Intelligence; Blackboard architecture;
                 Blackboard Systems; Completeness results; Computer
                 Software; Computer Systems, Digital --- Distributed;
                 Constraint Propagation; Constraint propagation;
                 Distributed systems; Flexible software architecture;
                 Problem-solving components; Reactive Systems",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Knowledge based systems; Logic
                 programming; Problem solving",
}

@Article{Robinson:1992:HSR,
  author =       "Ian N. Robinson",
  title =        "Hardware to support runtime intelligence",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "63--66",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Hewlett--Packard Lab., Palo Alto, CA, USA",
  classification = "713; 722; 723; B1265D (Memory circuits); C5130
                 (Microprocessor chips); C5260B (Computer vision and
                 picture processing); C5340 (Associative storage); C6170
                 (Expert systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial Intelligence; Associative; Associative
                 memory system; Computer Hardware; Coprocessor board;
                 Custom VLSI chips; Data Storage, Digital; Database
                 Systems; Declarative Expression; Declarative
                 expression; Dynamic database; Dynamic Databases;
                 Integrated Circuits, vlsi; Pattern-matching rules;
                 Popular intelligent-system architectures; Querying;
                 Runtime Intelligence; Runtime intelligence; Syntax",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised pattern recognition; Content-addressable
                 storage; Database management systems; Knowledge based
                 systems; Memory architecture; VLSI",
}

@Article{Chineh:1992:OFL,
  author =       "Tzi-cker Chineh",
  title =        "Optimization of fuzzy logic inference architecture",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "67--71",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Chiueh:1992:OFL,
  author =       "Tzi-cker Chiueh",
  title =        "Optimization of fuzzy logic inference architecture",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "67--71",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept of Electr Eng \& Comput Sci, Univ of California,
                 Berkeley, CA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 731; 921; C3220 (Controllers); C4210
                 (Formal logic); C5120 (Logic and switching circuits);
                 C6170 (Expert systems); C7420 (Control engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Control Systems; Cost;
                 Defuzzification operation; Fuzzy Control; Fuzzy logic
                 circuits; Fuzzy logic controller architecture; Fuzzy
                 Logic Inference; Fuzzy logic inference architecture;
                 Inference process; Larger memory; Mathematical
                 Techniques --- Fuzzy Sets; Optimization; Partial
                 results; Performance; Runtime uses",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Computerised control;
                 Controllers; Fuzzy logic; Inference mechanisms; Logic
                 circuits",
}

@Article{McAulay:1992:OCA,
  author =       "Alastair D. McAulay",
  title =        "Optical computer architectures for supervised learning
                 systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "72--75",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Wright State Univ., Dayton, OH, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 741; C1240 (Adaptive system theory); C5220
                 (Computer architecture); C5270 (Optical computing
                 techniques); C5340 (Associative storage)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Associative memory; Computer Architecture; Data
                 Storage, Digital --- Associative; Learning Systems;
                 Machine learning; Neural Networks; Optical computer
                 architectures; Optical Computers; Optical Data
                 Processing; Perceptron; Perceptrons; Photonic systems;
                 Supervised Learning; Supervised learning systems",
  thesaurus =    "Computer architecture; Content-addressable storage;
                 Learning systems; Optical information processing",
}

@Article{Pao:1992:FNC,
  author =       "Yoh-Han Pao and Yoshiyasu Takefuji",
  title =        "Functional-link net computing: Theory, system
                 architecture, and functionalities",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "76--79",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 921; C1180 (Optimisation techniques);
                 C1240 (Adaptive system theory); C5190 (Neural net
                 devices); C5290 (Neural computing techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Associative recall; Cluster analysis; Computer
                 Architecture; Functional-link net computing;
                 General-purpose artificial neural network computer;
                 Learning Systems; Network computational approach;
                 Neural Networks; Optimization; Supervised Learning;
                 Supervised learning; System architecture",
  thesaurus =    "Learning systems; Neural nets; Optimisation",
}

@Article{Turano:1992:RHC,
  author =       "August M. Turano",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Hypertext in Context\/} (McKnight, C.,
                 et al; 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "110--111",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Zalewski:1992:RCP,
  author =       "Janusz Zalewski",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Concurrent Programming: Principles and
                 Practice\/} (Andrews, G. R; 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "111--111",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Yan:1992:OCC,
  author =       "Seung-Min Yan",
  title =        "The {Open Channel}: Conventional wisdom for today's
                 computer scientists and engineers",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "112--112",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Turek:1992:MFC,
  author =       "John Turek and Dennis Shasha",
  title =        "The Many Faces of Consensus in Distributed Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "8--17",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM T J Watson Res Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; 922; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing); C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Byzantine Failures; Byzantine failures; Commit,
                 Consensus; Computer Systems, Digital; Computer Systems,
                 Digital--Reliability; Distributed; Distributed systems;
                 Fail-Stop Failures; Fail-stop failures; Reliability;
                 Software guarantees; System hardware",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Fault tolerant computing;
                 Multiprocessing programs; System recovery",
}

@Article{Pavlidis:1992:IET,
  author =       "Theo Pavlidis and Jerome Swartz and Ynjiun P. Wang",
  title =        "Information encoding with two-dimensional bar codes",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "18--28",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 Graphics/imager/imager.92.bib;
                 Graphics/siggraph/92.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., State Univ. of New York, Stony
                 Brook, NY, USA",
  classification = "723; B6120B (Codes); C1260 (Information theory);
                 C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "2D bar codes; Bar Codes; Codes, Symbolic; Encoding;
                 Information density; Information encoding; Reading
                 technology; Stacked bar codes; Two-Dimensional Bar
                 Codes",
  thesaurus =    "Bar codes; Encoding",
}

@Article{Garlan:1992:UTA,
  author =       "David G. Garlan and Gail E. Kaiser and David Notkin",
  title =        "Using Tool Abstraction to Compose Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "30--38",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "723; C6110B (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Abstract Data Structures; Abstract data structures;
                 Computer Software; Data Processing--Data Structures;
                 Design changes; Index production system; KWIC;
                 Large-scale software systems; Software Engineering;
                 Software engineering; Tool abstraction; Toolie",
  thesaurus =    "Data structures; Software engineering",
}

@Article{Azaria:1992:OCS,
  author =       "Helnye Azaria and Adrian Dvir",
  title =        "An optimizing compiler for an {SPAP} architecture
                 using {AI} tools",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "39--48",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Ben-Gurion Univ. of
                 the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel",
  classification = "721; 722; 723; C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and
                 other processors); C6170 (Expert systems); C7310
                 (Mathematics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "AI tools; Array Processors; Computer Architecture;
                 Computer Operating Systems--Program Compilers;
                 Computers, Supercomputer; High-level language; KBS;
                 Low-level microcode; Mathematical operations; Numerical
                 computation; Optimizing compiler; Optimizing Compilers;
                 SPAP architecture; Special Purpose Application;
                 Special-purpose array processor",
  thesaurus =    "Knowledge based systems; Mathematics computing;
                 Program compilers",
}

@Article{Hariri:1992:ASD,
  author =       "Salim Hariri and Alok Choudhary and Behcet Sarikaya",
  title =        "Architectural Support for Designing Fault-Tolerant
                 Open Distributed Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "50--62",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Syracuse Univ., NY,
                 USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5670 (Network performance); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer Architecture; Computer Systems, Digital;
                 Computer Systems, Digital--Fault Tolerant Capability;
                 Distributed; Distributed voting algorithm;
                 Fault-tolerant open distributed systems; Fault-Tolerant
                 Open Distributed Systems (ftods); ISO standard
                 protocols; Operating system; Permanent memory;
                 Two-level hierarchy",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Fault tolerant computing; Open
                 systems",
}

@Article{Hariri:1992:AST,
  author =       "Salim Hariri and Alok Choudhary and Behcet Sarikaya",
  title =        "Architectural support tor designing fault-tolerant
                 open distributed systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "50--62",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Edelstein:1992:SSS,
  author =       "D. Vera Edelstein and Salvatore Mamone",
  title =        "Standards: {A} standard for software maintenance",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "82--83",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Zalewski:1992:RPD,
  author =       "Janusz Zalewski",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Programming Distributed Systems\/}
                 (Bal, H. E; 1990)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "101--102",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Benedek:1992:ROO,
  author =       "Z. Michael Benedek",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Object-Oriented Databases with
                 Applications to CASE, Networks, and VLSI CAD} (Gupta,
                 R. and Horowitz, E., Eds; 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "102",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Brakefield:1992:OCD,
  author =       "James Brakefield",
  title =        "The Open Channel: Distributed virtual society and the
                 economics of sharing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "104",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{OGorman:1992:GEI,
  author =       "Lawrence O'Gorman and Rangachar Kasturi",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: Document Image Analysis
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "5--8",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibsource =    "Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Technical J.s Maps Postal Address Mechanical Drawings
                 Handwritten Digits ZIP Code Recognition Standard
                 Representations Arabic Character Diagrams",
}

@Article{Nagy:1992:PDI,
  author =       "George Nagy and Sharad Seth and Mahesh Viswanathan",
  title =        "A Prototype Document Image Analysis System for
                 Technical Journals",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "10--22",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Intelligent document segmentation can bring electronic
                 browsing within the reach of most users. The authors
                 show how this is achieved through document processing,
                 analysis, and parsing the graphic sentence.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr.-Comput.-Syst. Eng., Rensselaer
                 Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA",
  classification = "C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing);
                 C5530 (Pattern recognition and computer vision
                 equipment); C6120 (File organisation); C7100 (Business
                 and administration)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "ASCII document representation; Compiler tools;
                 Gobbledoc; Knowledge base; Optical character
                 recognition; Prototype document image analysis system;
                 Syntactic document analysis; Technical journals; X-Y
                 tree data structure",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised picture processing; Data structures;
                 Document image processing; Optical character
                 recognition",
}

@Article{Boatto:1992:ISL,
  author =       "Luca Boatto and Vincenzo Consorti and Monica {Del
                 Buono} and Silvano {Di Zenzo} and Vincenzo Eramo and
                 Alessandra Esposito and Francesco Melcarne and Marco
                 Meucci and Andrea Morelli and Marco Mosciatti and
                 Stefano Scarci and Marco Tucci",
  title =        "An Interpretation System for Land Register Maps",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "25--33",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The semantics of land register maps drive this
                 document conversion system. However, its methods of
                 image representation, vectorization, and symbol
                 recognition can be generalized to other classes of line
                 drawings.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM SEMA Sci. and Tech. Solution Center, Rome, Italy",
  classification = "C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing);
                 C6160S (Spatial and pictorial databases); C7100
                 (Business and administration)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Automatic acquisition; Binary image format; Database;
                 Digital form; Graph representation; Image
                 representation; Interpretation system; Land register
                 maps; Line structures; Optical character recognition
                 subsystem; Paper-based documents; Vectorization",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised picture processing; Database management
                 systems; Document image processing",
}

@Article{Palumbo:1992:PAB,
  author =       "Paul W. Palumbo and Sargur N. Srihari and Soh Jung and
                 Ramalingam Sridhar and Victor Demjanenko",
  title =        "Postal Address Block Location in Real Time",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "34--42",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A. postal automation system locates destination
                 address blocks on letter mail pieces with a. high
                 success rate. Pipelining and multiprocessor techniques
                 achieve real-time processing speed.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA",
  classification = "C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing);
                 C5530 (Pattern recognition and computer vision
                 equipment)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Address syntax analysis; Block skew; CEDAR real-time
                 address block location system; Destination address
                 block; Global orientation; Line segmentation;
                 Segmentation refinement routines; Top-down segmentation
                 tool",
  thesaurus =    "Computer vision; Computerised pattern recognition;
                 Computerised picture processing; Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Vaxiviere:1992:CCC,
  author =       "Pascal Vaxivi{\`e}re and Karl Tombre",
  title =        "{Celesstin}: {CAD} Conversion of Mechanical Drawings",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "46--54",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A prototype CAD conversion system extracts higher
                 level structures for knowledge-based analysis. It
                 recognizes such entities as screws, ball hearings, and
                 shafts.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Ecole Sup{\'e}rieure des Sci. et Tech. de
                 l'Ing{\'e}nieur de Nancy, France",
  classification = "C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing);
                 C7440 (Civil and mechanical engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Blackboard-based interpretation system; CAD
                 conversion; Celesstin; Entities; Mechanical drawings;
                 Representation rules; Technical drawings",
  thesaurus =    "CAD; Computerised picture processing; Mechanical
                 engineering computing",
}

@Article{Shimotsuji:1992:RRS,
  author =       "Shigeyoshi Shimotsuji and Osamu Hori and Mieko Asano
                 and Kaoru Suzuki and Fumihiko Hoshino and Toshiaki
                 Ishii",
  title =        "A Robust Recognition System for a Drawing Superimposed
                 on a Map",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "56--59",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan",
  classification = "C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Automatic interpretation; Drawing; Input drawing
                 image; Map; Object extraction; Primitive decomposition;
                 Representation technique; Robust recognition system;
                 Topological line information; Underground electric
                 cable diagram",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised pattern recognition; Computerised picture
                 processing",
}

@Article{Matan:1992:RHD,
  author =       "Ofer Matan and Henry S. Baird and Jane Bromley and
                 Christopher J. C. Burges and John S. Denker and
                 Lawrence D. Jackel and Le Cun Yann and Edwin P. D.
                 Pednault and William D. Satterfield and Charles E.
                 Stenard and others",
  title =        "Reading Handwritten Digits: {A ZIP} Code Recognition
                 System",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "59--63",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "AT and T Bell Lab., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
  classification = "C1230D (Neural nets); C1250B (Character
                 recognition); C5260B (Computer vision and picture
                 processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Connected-components analysis; Directly lookup;
                 Handwritten digits reading; Neural network
                 algorithm-based system; Neural network recognizer;
                 Recognition-based segmenter; Vertical cuts;
                 Vertical-cut-point estimation; ZIP code recognition
                 system",
  thesaurus =    "Character recognition; Computerised pattern
                 recognition; Computerised picture processing; Neural
                 nets",
}

@Article{Dengel:1992:POD,
  author =       "Andreas Dengel and Rainer Bleisinger and Rainer Hoch
                 and Frank Fein and Frank Hones",
  title =        "From Paper to Office Document Standard
                 Representation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "63--67",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence,
                 Kaiserslautern, Germany",
  classification = "C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing);
                 C7100 (Business and administration)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Context-sensitive text recognition; Lines; Logical
                 labeling; Logical vocabularies; Model-based document
                 analysis system; Office document architecture; Paper
                 interface; Single-sided business letters; Standard;
                 Syntactic knowledge; Text-blocks; Words",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised picture processing; Document image
                 processing",
}

@Article{Amano:1992:DWB,
  author =       "Tomio Amano and Akio Yamashita and Nobuyasu Itoh and
                 Yoshinao Kobayashi and Shin Katoh and Kazuharu Toyokawa
                 and Hiroyasu Takahashi",
  title =        "{DRS}: {A} workstation-based document recognition
                 system for text entry",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "67--71",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Amano:1992:DWD,
  author =       "Tomio Amano and Akio Yamashita and Nobuyasu Itoh and
                 Yoshinao Kobayashi and Shin Katoh and Kazuharu Toyokawa
                 and Hiroyasu Takahashi",
  title =        "{DRS}: {A} Workstation-Based Document Recognition
                 System for Text Entry",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "67--71",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Research, Tokyo, Japan",
  classification = "C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing);
                 C5530 (Pattern recognition and computer vision
                 equipment)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Block segmentation; Contextual postprocessing; DRS;
                 Image capture; Optical character recognition; OS/2;
                 Page structure analysis; Text entry; Workstation-based
                 document recognition system",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised picture processing; Document image
                 processing; Optical character recognition",
}

@Article{Goraine:1992:LAC,
  author =       "Habib Goraine and Mike Usher and Samir Al-Emami",
  title =        "Off-line {Arabic} character recognition",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "71--74",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Goraine:1992:OAC,
  author =       "Habib Goraine and Mike Usher and Samir Al-Emami",
  title =        "Off-Line {Arabic} Character Recognition",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "71--74",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Cybern., Reading Univ., UK",
  classification = "C1250B (Character recognition); C5260B (Computer
                 vision and picture processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Character classification; Contextual postprocessor;
                 Eight-direction code; Error correction; Error
                 detection; Handwritten; Off-line Arabic character
                 recognition; Sampling; Stroke segmentation; Thinning;
                 Typewritten",
  thesaurus =    "Character recognition; Computerised pattern
                 recognition; Error correction; Error detection;
                 Microcomputer applications",
}

@Article{Futrelle:1992:UDT,
  author =       "Robert P. Futrelle and Ioannis A. Kakadiaris and Jeff
                 Alexander and Catherine M. Carriero and Nikos Nikolakis
                 and Joseph M. Futrelle",
  title =        "Understanding Diagrams in Technical Documents",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "75--78",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Biol. Knowledge Lab., Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA,
                 USA",
  classification = "C4210 (Formal logic); C5260B (Computer vision and
                 picture processing); C6160S (Spatial and pictorial
                 databases); C6170 (Expert systems); C7250 (Information
                 storage and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Biological research papers; Diagrams understanding;
                 Document understanding system; Graphics constraint
                 grammars; Intelligent system; Knowledge base;
                 Natural-language processing techniques; Scientist's
                 Assistant; Spatial indexing; Technical documents",
  thesaurus =    "Database management systems; Document image
                 processing; Grammars; Information retrieval; Knowledge
                 based systems",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:PCM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Powerful {CASE} on the {Mac}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "84--87",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Stapleton:1992:NCP,
  author =       "Ross Alan Stapleton",
  title =        "News from the {Committee on Public Policy} --- Opening
                 doors in the global village",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "94--96",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "US Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC, USA",
  classification = "C7100 (Business and administration)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Domestic information infrastructure; Foreign
                 technology policy; High Performance Computer and
                 Communications Initiative; International networks",
  thesaurus =    "Office automation; Standards",
}

@Article{Chlamtac:1992:RDN,
  author =       "Imrich Chlamtac",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Data Networks}, 2nd edn. (Bertsekas,
                 D., and Gallager, R; 1992)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "110--110",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Berkovec:1992:RMW,
  author =       "James W. Berkovec",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Mirror Worlds} (Gelernter, D; 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "111",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Estell:1992:OCT,
  author =       "Robert G. Estell",
  title =        "The {Open Channel}: Two heads are better than one",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "112--112",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Tanenbaum:1992:PPU,
  author =       "Andrew S. Tanenbaum and M. Frans Kaashoek and Henri E.
                 Bal",
  title =        "Parallel Programming Using Shared Objects and
                 Broadcasting",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "10--19",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Parallel computers come with or without shared memory.
                 One is hard to build, the other hard to program. A
                 hybrid form combines the best properties of each.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Vrije Univ., Amsterdam, Netherlands",
  classification = "722.4; 723.1; C6110P (Parallel programming); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Broadcasting; Computer programming; Distributed
                 computer systems; Easy-to-build hardware; Grain size;
                 Multicomputing; Multiprocessing; Orca; Parallel
                 computer systems; Parallel processing systems; Parallel
                 programming; Procedural language; Programming models;
                 Reliable broadcast layer; Runtime system; Sequencing
                 protocol; Shared objects",
  thesaurus =    "Multiprocessing programs; Multiprocessing systems;
                 Parallel programming",
}

@Article{Tannenbaum:1992:PPU,
  author =       "Andrew S. Tannenbaum and M. Frans Kaashoek and Henri
                 E. Bal",
  title =        "Parallel programming using shared objects and
                 broadcasting",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "10--19",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Feddema:1992:MBV,
  author =       "John T. F. Feddema and C. S. George Lee and O. Robert
                 Mitchell",
  title =        "Model-based visual feedback control for a hand-eye
                 coordinated robotic system",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "21--31",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Feddema:1992:MVF,
  author =       "John T. Feddema and C. S. George Lee and O. Robert
                 Mitchell",
  title =        "Model-Based Visual Feedback Control for a Hand-Eye
                 Coordinated Robotic System",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "21--31",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Using models and differential, as opposed to absolute,
                 visual feedback, this flexible robot control system
                 tracks a moving object and guides the robot gripper to
                 it.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sandia Nat. Labs., Albuquerque, NM, USA",
  classification = "723.5; 731.1; 731.2; 741.3; C3120C (Spatial
                 variables); C3390 (Robotics); C5260B (Computer vision
                 and picture processing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Camera; Computer vision; Computer vision analysis;
                 Control systems; End-effector; Feedback control;
                 Geometric modeling; Geometric models; Hand-eye
                 coordinated robotic system; Image features; Monocular
                 vision; Real time; Robot control signals; Robotics;
                 Tracking; Video signal processing",
  thesaurus =    "Computer vision; Feedback; Position control; Real-time
                 systems; Robots",
}

@Article{Alkalaj:1992:ASG,
  author =       "Leon Alkalaj and Tomas Lang and Milos D. Ercegovac",
  title =        "Architectural Support for Goal Management in {Flat
                 Concurrent Prolog}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "34--47",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The proposed architectural support for goal management
                 is part of a special-purpose processor architecture for
                 the efficient execution of Flat Concurrent Prolog.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Technol.,
                 Pasadena, CA, USA",
  classification = "721.3; 723.1.1; 723.5; C6110P (Parallel
                 programming); C6140D (High level languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Activation; Analytic performance model; Computer
                 applications; Computer architecture; Computer
                 programming languages; Flat concurrent Prolog; Goal
                 cache; Goal management; Goal management unit; Goal
                 suspension; Goal-management execution time;
                 Goal-switching; Halting; prolog (programming language);
                 Spawning",
  thesaurus =    "Parallel languages; PROLOG; Special purpose
                 computers",
}

@Article{Raymond:1992:FTD,
  author =       "Darrell R. Raymond",
  title =        "Flexible Text Display with {Lector}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "49--60",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Lector provides flexible text interaction for X11
                 applications. It handles descriptively marked-up text
                 and acts as a text previewer, database browser, code
                 prettyprinter, or menu utility.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Waterloo Univ., Ont., Canada",
  classification = "722.4; 723.2; 723.3; 723.5; C6130D (Document
                 processing techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Code prettyprinter; Data processing; Database browser;
                 Database systems; Flexible text interaction;
                 Information retrieval systems; Lector; Marked-up text;
                 Menu utility; Online text databases; Rapid formatter;
                 Software package lector; Text previewer; Word
                 processing",
  thesaurus =    "Text editing",
}

@Article{Myers:1992:DIS,
  author =       "Brad A. Myers",
  title =        "Demonstrational Interfaces: {A} Step Beyond Direct
                 Manipulation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "61--73",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "With demonstrational interfaces, the user applies
                 direct-manipulation techniques to abstactions by
                 operating on example values. Applications range from
                 text editing to visualization.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "722.2; 723.1; 723.5; C6180 (User interfaces)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Abstract program; Concrete example objects;
                 Demonstrational interfaces; Design; Direct
                 manipulation; Drawing packages; Formatting;
                 General-purpose programming; Interfaces (computer);
                 Macros; Object oriented programming; Parameterized
                 procedures; Text editing; User interface development
                 environments; Visualization",
  thesaurus =    "User interfaces",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:CSNb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Computer Society} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "74--76",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Board of Governors meeting, bylaws amendments.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:U,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "77--79",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "IEEE, CBEMA take opposing sides on reverse-engineering
                 ruling; Gordon Bell finalists.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:PRW,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews: What light through yonder {Windows}
                 3.1?",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "81--86",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Windows 3.1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Wegener:1992:RDC,
  author =       "Al Wegener",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Data Compression}, 3rd edn. (Held, G;
                 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "110--111",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Collura:1992:ESA,
  author =       "Thomas F. Collura and Ernest C. Jacobs and Richard C.
                 Burgess and John P. Turnbull",
  title =        "The {Epilog} system: Automated long-term {EEG}
                 monitoring for epilepsy",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "5--14",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Collura:1992:ESL,
  author =       "Thomas F. Collura and Ernest C. Jacobs and Richard C.
                 Burgess and John P. Turnbull",
  title =        "The {Epilog} system --- automated long-term {EEG}
                 monitoring for epilepsy",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "5--14",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 18:26:01 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A Unix-based system continuously monitors EEG for
                 diagnosis and surgical planning in a large epilepsy
                 program. It is integrated with audio/video monitoring
                 and seizure alarms.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Cleveland Clinic Found., OH, USA",
  classification = "A8728 (Bioelectricity); A8730C (Electrical
                 activity); A8770 (Biomedical engineering); B7210B
                 (Automatic test and measurement systems); B7510D
                 (Bioelectric signals); C7330 (Biology and medicine);
                 C7410H (Instrumentation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computerised EEG monitoring; Data flow; Data
                 structures; Epilepsy program; Epilog system; Real-time
                 operational support system; Unix; Waveform
                 acquisition",
  thesaurus =    "Biomedical equipment; Computerised monitoring;
                 Electroencephalography; Medical computing; Patient
                 monitoring; Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Story:1992:RIB,
  author =       "Guy A. Story and Lawrence O'Gorman and David Fox and
                 Louise Levy Schaper and H. V. Jagadish",
  title =        "The {RightPages} image-based electronic library for
                 alerting and browsing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "17--26",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Story:1992:RIE,
  author =       "Guy A. Story and Lawrence O'Gorman and David Fox and
                 Louise Levy Schaper and H. V. Jagadish",
  title =        "The {RightPages} Image-Based Electronic Library for
                 Alerting and Browsing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "17--26",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This first phase in a system to give users full
                 on-line library services comprises electronic
                 ``stacks'' of journal images whose utility is augmented
                 through image analysis and processing methods.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "AT and T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
  classification = "C7210 (Information services and centres); C7230
                 (Publishing and reproduction); C7250L
                 (Non-bibliographic systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Broadband networks; Database; Display processing;
                 Document layout analysis; Document processing;
                 Electronic library prototype system; Fast hardware;
                 Image processing; Multimedia workstations; Noise
                 reduction; Online library services; RightPages; Sun
                 workstations; Text processing; X terminals; X Windows",
  thesaurus =    "Document image processing; Electronic publishing;
                 Graphical user interfaces; Information retrieval
                 systems; Information services; Multimedia systems",
}

@Article{Ambler:1992:OVD,
  author =       "Allen L. Ambler and Margaret M. Burnett and Betsy A.
                 Zimmerman",
  title =        "Operational Versus Definitional: {A} Perspective on
                 Programming Paradigms",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "28--43",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Programming paradigms guide problem solving and
                 provide frameworks for expressing solutions. This
                 article categorizes paradigms according to their
                 emphasis on stating procedures versus constraining the
                 solution set.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Kansas Univ., Lawrence, KS,
                 USA",
  classification = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6130
                 (Data handling techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Constraint programming; Demonstrational approach;
                 High-level programming; List processing;
                 Object-oriented programming; Operational approach;
                 Problem solving; Programming paradigms; Sorting",
  thesaurus =    "Object-oriented programming; Programming; Sorting",
}

@Article{Hagersten:1992:DCM,
  author =       "Erik Hagersten and Anders Landin and Seif Haridi",
  title =        "{DDM} --- {A} Cache-Only Memory Architecture",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "44--54",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Object/Ooos.bib",
  abstract =     "A new architecture has the programming paradigm of
                 shared-memory architectures but no physically shared
                 memory. Caches attached to the processors contain all
                 the system memory.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Swedish Inst. of Comput. Sci., Kista, Sweden",
  classification = "C5320G (Semiconductor storage); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Cache-only memory architecture; COMA Distr. Shared
                 Attention, Multiprocessor system; Data Diffusion
                 Machine; Hierarchical network structure; Protocol",
  thesaurus =    "Buffer storage; Multiprocessing systems; Protocols",
}

@Article{Hagersten:1992:DCO,
  author =       "Erik H. Hagersten and Anders Landin and Seif Haridi",
  title =        "{DDM} --- {A} cache-only memory architecture",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "44--54",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Sajeev:1992:PP,
  author =       "A. S. M. Sajeev and A. J. Hurst",
  title =        "Programming Persistence in $\chi$",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "57--66",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibsource =    "Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Persistence is the concept of preserving information
                 in a reusable state. x achieves this by providing a
                 uniform object base and elevating capabilities to the
                 programming level.",
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., James Cook Univ., Townsville,
                 Qld., Australia",
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques); C6110J
                 (Object-oriented programming); C6140D (High level
                 languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Chi; Object-oriented programming; Orthogonal
                 persistence; Persistent programming language; Software
                 reuse",
  thesaurus =    "Complete computer programs; High level languages;
                 Object-oriented programming; Software reusability",
}

@Article{Ashley:1992:SPC,
  author =       "J. Robert Ashley and Fletcher Buckley",
  title =        "Standards: Point\slash counterpoint: Safety standards
                 for {CRT} visual display units",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "68--70",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Ashley:1992:SSS,
  author =       "J. R. Ashley and F. Buckley",
  title =        "Standards: Point\slash counterpoint: safety standards
                 for {CRT} visual display units",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "68--70",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 18:26:01 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C0200 (General computer topics); C5540 (Terminals
                 and graphic displays)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer monitors; CRT visual display units; ELF
                 electric fields; Frequency magnetic field exposure;
                 Health hazards; Safety standards; VDUs",
  thesaurus =    "Cathode-ray tube displays; Health hazards; Interactive
                 terminals; Safety; Standards",
}

@Article{Zalewski:1992:RRT,
  author =       "Janusz Zalewski",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Real-Time Expert Systems Computer
                 Architecture\/} (Hodson, R. F. and Kandel, A; 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "126--126",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Birss:1992:RLP,
  author =       "Robert C. Birss",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Literate Programming} (Knuth, D. E;
                 1992)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "126--127",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Rine:1992:GEI,
  author =       "David C. Rine and Bharat Bhargava",
  title =        "{Guest Editors}' Introduction: Object-Oriented
                 Computing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "6--10",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Wegner:1992:DOM,
  author =       "Peter Wegner",
  title =        "Dimensions of Object-Oriented Modeling",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "12--20",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The author explores the problem-solving power of
                 object-oriented and logic programming in terms of the
                 dimensions of encapsulation, distribution, concurrency,
                 and reactiveness.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Brown Univ., Providence, RI,
                 USA",
  classification = "C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6110L (Logic
                 programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Concurrency; Decentralized abstraction; Distribution;
                 Encapsulation; Inheritance; Logic programming;
                 Object-oriented modeling; Object-oriented programming;
                 Reactiveness",
  thesaurus =    "Data encapsulation; Inheritance; Logic programming;
                 Object-oriented programming",
}

@Article{Wegner:1992:DOO,
  author =       "Peter Wegner",
  title =        "Dimensions of object-oriented modeling",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "12--20",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Fichman:1992:OCA,
  author =       "Robert G. Fichman and Chris F. Kemerer",
  title =        "Object-Oriented and Conventional Analysis and Design
                 Methodologies",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "22--39",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The question of whether emerging object-oriented
                 analysis and design methodologies require incremental
                 or radical changes on the part of prospective adopters
                 is being vigorously debated.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques); C6110J
                 (Object-oriented programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "End-to-end process modeling; Object-oriented analysis
                 methodologies; Object-oriented design methodologies;
                 Reuse; System partitioning",
  thesaurus =    "Object-oriented methods; Object-oriented programming;
                 Software reusability; Systems analysis",
}

@Article{Fichman:1992:OOC,
  author =       "Robert G. Fichman and Chris F. Kemerer",
  title =        "Object-oriented and conventional analysis and design
                 methodologies",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "22--39",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Meyer:1992:ADC,
  author =       "Bertrand Meyer",
  title =        "Applying ``Design by Contract''",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "40--51",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Reliability is even more important in object-oriented
                 programming than elsewhere. This article shows how to
                 reduce bugs by building software components on the
                 basis of carefully designed contracts.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Interactive Software Eng., Goleta, CA, USA",
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques); C6110J
                 (Object-oriented programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Design by contract; Eiffel; Object-oriented software
                 construction; Object-oriented techniques; Programming
                 language; Software libraries; Software reliability",
  thesaurus =    "Contracts; Object-oriented programming; Software
                 reliability; Software reusability",
}

@Article{Ungar:1992:OMP,
  author =       "David Ungar and Randall B. Smith and Craig Chambers
                 and Urs Holzle",
  title =        "Object, message, and performance: how they coexist in
                 {Self}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "53--64",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Self's uniform application of the object-message
                 paradigm gives programmers unusual flexibility.
                 Unconventional optimizations can bring its peak
                 performance to within a factor of two of optimized
                 C's.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sun Microsystems, Mountain View, CA, USA",
  classification = "C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6140D (High
                 level languages); C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Inheritance; Message passing; Object-message paradigm;
                 Object-oriented computation; Optimizations; Prototype
                 copying; Self programming language",
  thesaurus =    "Inheritance; Message passing; Object-oriented
                 languages; Object-oriented programming",
}

@Article{Ishikawa:1992:OOR,
  author =       "Yutaka Ishikawa and Hideyuki Tokuda and Clifford W.
                 Mercer",
  title =        "An object-oriented real-time programming language",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "66--73",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Ishikawa:1992:ORP,
  author =       "Yutaka Ishikawa and Hideyuki Tokuda and Clifford W.
                 Mercer",
  title =        "An Object-Oriented Real-Time Programming Language",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "66--73",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The real-time object model is a. methodology for
                 describing real-time systems. RTC++ is a. programming
                 language that extends C++ based on this model.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6140D (High
                 level languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Active objects; C++; Object-oriented real-time
                 programming language; Real-time object model; Rigid
                 timing constraints; RTC++; Schedulability analysis;
                 Specification",
  thesaurus =    "C language; Object-oriented languages; Object-oriented
                 programming; Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Wells:1992:AOO,
  author =       "David L. Wells and Jos{\'e} A. Blakeley and Craig W.
                 Thompson",
  title =        "Architecture of an Open Object-Oriented Database
                 Management System",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "74--82",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "An open, incrementally extensible object-oriented
                 database management system lets developers tailor
                 database functionality for applications. It can also
                 serve as a platform for research.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, TX, USA",
  classification = "C6160J (Object-oriented databases)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computational model; Kernal meta-architecture; Open
                 object-oriented database management system; Programming
                 languages",
  thesaurus =    "Object-oriented databases; Open systems",
}

@Article{Egbert:1992:AGM,
  author =       "Parris K. Egbert and William J. Kubitz",
  title =        "Application Graphics Modeling Support Through Object
                 Orientation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "84--91",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This object-oriented system raises the level of
                 abstraction at which the user performs modeling and
                 provides a simple interface between the application and
                 the graphics system.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Illinois Univ.,
                 Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
  classification = "C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6130B
                 (Graphics techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "3D graphics; Abstraction; Class hierarchies; Grams;
                 Graphical Application Modeling Support system;
                 Image-generation process; Rendering; Three-dimensional
                 graphics system",
  thesaurus =    "Object-oriented programming; Rendering [computer
                 graphics]; Solid modelling",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:CSNc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Computer Society} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "94--95",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Hans Karlsson dies; TC on Parallel Processing; CS
                 service awards; Annuals article wins prize.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:PRV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews: {OS/2} Version 2.0",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "97--101",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "OS/2 Version 2.0; desktop programming environments.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Hamming:1992:RJN,
  author =       "R. W. Hamming",
  title =        "Review of {{\em John von Neumann and the Origins of
                 Modern Computing\/} (Aspray, W; 1990)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "126--127",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Conrad:1992:GEI,
  author =       "Michael Conrad",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: Molecular Computing
                 Paradigms",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "6--9",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Conrad:1992:MCP,
  author =       "Michael Conrad",
  title =        "Molecular computing paradigms (special issue
                 introduction)",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "6--9",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Conrad:1992:MCL,
  author =       "Michael Conrad",
  title =        "Molecular Computing: The Lock-Key Paradigm",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "11--20",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The powerful information-processing capabilities of
                 biological systems derive from molecular mechanisms
                 unique to carbon polymers. This article discusses how
                 these mechanisms can combine to yield networks that
                 perform useful computational functions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI, USA",
  classification = "721.1; 722.4; 723.4; 801.2; 815.1; 931.3; B2230
                 (Molecular electronics); C5220 (Computer architecture);
                 C5280 (Other digital techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial intelligence; Biochemistry; Biological
                 organisms; Computer Science; Connectionism;
                 Functionalism; Information processing; Information
                 technology; Information-processing functions;
                 Macromolecules; Molecular computing; Molecular
                 electronics; Neural networks; Neuromolecular computer;
                 Neuromolecular computer architectures; Optomolecular;
                 Optomolecular computer; Polymers; Proteins; Quantum
                 parallelism; Research; Signal integration;
                 Signal-integrating; Turing machines",
  thesaurus =    "Biocomputers; Biomolecular electronics; Computer
                 architecture; Neural nets; Proteins",
}

@Article{Capstick:1992:BCB,
  author =       "Myles H. C. Capstick and W. P. Liam Marnane and Ronald
                 Pethig",
  title =        "Biologic Computational Building Blocks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "22--29",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The electron kinetic behavior of enzymes controls cell
                 bioenergetics. It also defines a. molecular-level logic
                 that has evolved over millions of years and may support
                 future computational structures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Inst. of Molecular and Biomolecular Electron., Wales
                 Univ., Bangor, UK",
  classification = "721.1; 721.2; 721.3; 801.2; 815.1.1; 931.3; B1265B
                 (Logic circuits); B2230 (Molecular electronics); C4220
                 (Automata theory); C5120 (Logic and switching
                 circuits); C5280 (Other digital techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Biochemistry; Biologic computing; Biological activity;
                 Boolean functions; Carbon; Carbon polymers; Computer
                 science; Conducting polymers; Electron kinetic
                 behavior; Electron kinetics; Enzyme building block;
                 Enzyme molecules interactions; Enzymes; Enzymes'
                 functionings; Logic state diagrams; Molecules; Organic
                 polymers; Oxidoreductase enzymes; Research; Sequential
                 circuits; State machine; Synchronous sequential digital
                 circuits",
  thesaurus =    "Automata theory; Biomolecular electronics; Proteins;
                 Sequential circuits",
}

@Article{Hameroff:1992:MMC,
  author =       "Stuart R. Hameroff and Judith E. Dayhoff and Rafael
                 Lahoz-Beltra and Alexei V. Samsonovich and Steen
                 Rasmussen",
  title =        "Models for Molecular Computation: Conformational
                 Automata in the Cytoskeleton",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "30--39",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This article proposes computation within networks of
                 filamentous polymers in the cell cytoskeleton.
                 Information can be represented and transmitted via
                 propagated conformational changes of the polymers'
                 subunits.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Anesthesiol., Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ,
                 USA",
  classification = "721.1; 723.4; 815.1.1; 931.3; A8725 (Cellular
                 biophysics); B2230 (Molecular electronics); C1230
                 (Artificial intelligence); C1290L (Biology and
                 medicine); C4220 (Automata theory)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Automata theory; Cellular automata; Computational
                 processing; Conformational automata; Cytoskeletal
                 polymers; Cytoskeleton; Discrete states; Lattice
                 subunits; Learning systems; Living cells; Microtubules;
                 Molecular; Molecular computing; Molecules; Neural
                 networks; Neural-level learning; Organic polymers;
                 Protein conformational dynamics; Proteins; Subunit
                 neighbor interactions",
  thesaurus =    "Cellular automata; Cellular biophysics; Learning
                 systems; Molecular electronics; Neural nets; Proteins",
  xxtitle =      "Models for molecular computation: Confrontational
                 automata in the cytoskeleton",
}

@Article{Aoki:1992:IBC,
  author =       "Takafumi Aoki and Michitaka Kameyama and Tatsuo
                 Higuchi",
  title =        "Interconnection-Free Biomolecular Computing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "41--51",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Interconnection problems limit current VLSI systems.
                 Addressing this limitation, the authors describe a.
                 computing model based on the massive, natural
                 parallelism between enzymes and their substrates.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Tokoku Univ., Sendai, Japan",
  classification = "721.1; 721.2; 723.2; 801.2; 921.4; B2230 (Molecular
                 electronics); C5280 (Other digital techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Biochemistry; Biodevice's selection function;
                 Biomolecular computing; Biomolecular switching device;
                 Biosensors; Computational model; Computer science;
                 Computing model; Electric signal; Enzymes; Image
                 processing; Interconnection-free biomolecular
                 computing; Logic devices; Natural parallelism; Parallel
                 processing systems; Primitive switching functions; Set
                 theory; Set-valued logic functions; Substrates",
  thesaurus =    "Biomolecular electronics; Proteins",
}

@Article{Aoki:1992:IFB,
  author =       "Takafumi Aoki and Michitaka Kameyama and Tatsuo
                 Higuchi",
  title =        "Interconnection-free biomolecular computing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "41--51",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Rambidi:1992:ACC,
  author =       "Nikolay G. Rambidi",
  title =        "An Approach to Computational Complexity: Nondiscrete
                 Biomolecular Computing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "51--54",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Nondiscrete biomolecular information processing
                 devices can effectively solve some problems with high
                 computational complexity -- for example, image
                 processing operations such as contour enhancement and
                 line extraction.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Int. Res. Inst. for Manage. Sci., Moscow, Russia",
  classification = "721.1; 722.5; 723.2; 801.2; 931.3; B2230 (Molecular
                 electronics); C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory);
                 C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing); C5280
                 (Other digital techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Analog computers; Biochemistry; Biomolecular
                 information processing; Biomolecular systems;
                 Computational complexity; Computer science; Contour
                 enhancement; Digital device simulation; Image
                 processing; Information processing; Line extraction;
                 Molecular computing devices; Molecular-level
                 mechanisms; Molecules; Nondiscrete biomolecular
                 computing; Research",
  thesaurus =    "Biomolecular electronics; Computational complexity;
                 Image processing",
}

@Article{Birge:1992:PBO,
  author =       "Robert R. Birge",
  title =        "Protein-based optical computing and memories",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "56--67",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Birge:1992:POC,
  author =       "Robert R. Birge",
  title =        "Protein-Based Optical Computing and Memories",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "56--67",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The retinal pigment rhodopsin helps vertebrates see in
                 dim light. A. similar biological material, the
                 light-harvesting protein bacteriorhodopsin, shows
                 promise for optical data storage and manipulation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Center for Molecular Electron., Syracuse Univ., NY,
                 USA",
  classification = "723.2; 741.1; 741.3; 743.1.1; 801.2; B4180 (Optical
                 logic devices and optical computing techniques); B6140C
                 (Optical information and image processing); C5270
                 (Optical computing techniques); C5320K (Optical
                 storage); C5340 (Associative storage)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Associative storage; Bacteriorhodopsin; Biochemistry;
                 Chemical methods; Cryogenic ram; Fourier optics;
                 Genetic engineering; Genetic methods; Holographic
                 associative memories; Holography; Intrinsic properties;
                 Light modulators; Optical computing; Optical data
                 processing; Optical data storage; Protein-based optical
                 computing; Protein-based optical memories; Proteins;
                 Random access storage; Spatial light modulators; Unique
                 intrinsic photophysical properties",
  thesaurus =    "Content-addressable storage; Holographic storage;
                 Optical information processing; Optical storage;
                 Proteins; Spatial light modulators",
}

@Article{Gries:1992:TSR,
  author =       "David Gries and Dorothy Marsh",
  title =        "The 1990--91 {Taulbee} Survey Report",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "69--75",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Rising PhD production, a declining but more
                 experienced faculty, and a persistently gloomy minority
                 picture mark the Computing Research Association's
                 latest computer science and engineering survey.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY,
                 USA",
  classification = "721.1; 901.2; C0220 (Education and training)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "1990-91 Taulbee Survey Report; Computer engineering;
                 Computer science; Computing departments; Education;
                 Forsythe list; PhD-granting computer departments",
  thesaurus =    "Computer science education",
}

@Article{Todd:1992:HTT,
  author =       "Peter M. Todd",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Two approaches to machine intelligence ---
                 The animat path to intelligent adaptive behavior",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "78, 81--??",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Rowland Inst. for Sci., Cambridge, MA, USA",
  classification = "723.4; 731.5; C1230 (Artificial intelligence)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Adaptive systems; Agents; Animat path; Animat systems;
                 Animats; Artificial creatures; Artificial intelligence;
                 Bottom-up approach; Complex behaviors; Intelligent
                 adaptive behaviour; Intelligent systems; Learning
                 systems; Machine intelligence; Mobile robots;
                 Research",
  thesaurus =    "Artificial intelligence",
}

@Article{Conrad:1992:HTT,
  author =       "Michael Conrad",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Two Approaches to Machine Intelligence:
                 Toward an Artificial Brain",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "79--80",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI, USA",
  classification = "723.4; C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C1230D
                 (Neural nets); C1290L (Biology and medicine)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Agents; Animat path; Animats; Artificial brain;
                 Artificial creatures; Artificial intelligence;
                 Bottom-up approach; Brain conceptual model; Brain
                 models; Brain structure; Chemical processes; Complex
                 behaviors; Conceptual models; Cytoskeletal neuron
                 model; Enzymatic neuron model; Intelligent adaptive
                 behaviour; Intelligent systems; Machine intelligence;
                 Memory manipulation; Memory manipulation system;
                 Molecular processes; Multiple local networks; Neural
                 networks; Neurons; Reference neuron mechanism;
                 Simulation models; Vertical abstraction",
  thesaurus =    "Artificial intelligence; Brain models; Neural nets",
}

@Article{Zelkowitz:1992:SSE,
  author =       "Marvin V. Zelkowitz and Fletcher J. Buckley",
  title =        "Standards: Are software engineering process standards
                 really necessary?",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "82--84",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Maryland, MD, USA",
  classification = "723; 902.2; C6110B (Software engineering
                 techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Conformance testing; Policy statements; Product
                 standards; Software engineering; Software engineering
                 process standards; Standards",
  thesaurus =    "Software engineering; Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:CSNd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Computer Society} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "86--90",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software piracy",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Weisband:1992:NCP,
  author =       "Suzanne P. Weisband and Seymour E. Goodman",
  title =        "News from the {Committee on Public Policy} ---
                 International software piracy",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "87--90",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Manage. Inf. Syst., Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ, USA",
  classification = "723; 902.3; C0230B (Legal aspects); C6130S (Data
                 security)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer software; Copyright laws; Global business
                 environment; Intellectual property; International
                 software piracy; Laws and legislation",
  thesaurus =    "Computer crime; Industrial property",
}

@Article{Burleson:1992:RDS,
  author =       "Wayne. Burleson",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Digital Signal Processing: Theory and
                 Applications and Hardware\/} (Haddad, R. A., and
                 Parsons T. W; 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "126--126",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:15 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Zalewski:1992:RMA,
  author =       "Janusz Zalewski",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Microcontrollers: Architecture and
                 Implementation and Programming} (Hintz, K. and Tabak,
                 D; 1992)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "126--127",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Zalewski:1992:RVS,
  author =       "Janusz Zalewski",
  title =        "Review of {{\em Verification of Sequential and
                 Concurrent Programs} (Apt, K. R. and Olderog, E.-R.;
                 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "127--127",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Simmons:1992:OCD,
  author =       "Chuck Simmons",
  title =        "The {Open Channel}: The dining philosophers at
                 {Thanksgiving} dinner",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "128--128",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Bliss:1992:OCL,
  author =       "Robert D. Bliss",
  title =        "Open Channel: It's the law",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "12",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Adrion:1992:DCM,
  author =       "W. Richards Adrion and Edward D. Lazowska and Andries
                 {Van Dam}",
  title =        "From discipline in crisis to mature science:
                 {Evolving} needs for computing research
                 infrastructure",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "18--24",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Representatives from industry, academia, and
                 government examine the US computing-research
                 infrastructure and specify the funding needed to
                 maintain the nation's economic and scientific health.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Bihari:1992:OOR,
  author =       "Thomas E. Bihari and Prabha Gopinath",
  title =        "Object-oriented real-time systems: Concepts and
                 examples",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "25--32",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Bihari:1992:ORS,
  author =       "Thomas E. Bihari and Prabha Gopinath",
  title =        "Object-Oriented Real-Time Systems: Concepts and
                 Examples",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "25--32",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Large, dynamic real-time systems require complex
                 embedded software. This article examines Chaos, an
                 object-based language and programming/execution
                 paradigm designed for dynamic real-time applications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Adaptive Machine Technol., Columbus, OH, USA",
  classification = "C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6140D (High
                 level languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Chaos; Dynamic real-time applications; Object oriented
                 programming; Object-oriented models; Object-oriented
                 real-time languages; Real-time behavior; Real-time
                 object-oriented models; Real-time software systems;
                 Temporal complexity",
  thesaurus =    "Object-oriented languages; Object-oriented methods;
                 Object-oriented programming; Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Shivaratri:1992:LDL,
  author =       "Niranjan G. Shivaratri and Phillip Krueger and Mukesh
                 Singhal",
  title =        "Load Distributing for Locally Distributed Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "33--44",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Load-distributing algorithms can improve a.
                 distributed system's performance by judiciously
                 redistributing the workload among its nodes. This
                 article describes load-distributing algorithms and
                 compares their performance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept of Comput. and Inf. Sci., Ohio State Univ.,
                 Columbus, OH, USA",
  classification = "C4240P (Parallel programming and algorithm theory);
                 C5620 (Computer networks and techniques); C5670
                 (Network performance)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Adaptive algorithms; Load-distributing algorithms;
                 Locally distributed systems; Receiver-initiated
                 algorithms; Sender-initiated algorithms; Symmetrically
                 initiated algorithms",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed algorithms; Distributed processing;
                 Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Stone:1992:CAR,
  author =       "Harold S. Stone",
  title =        "Copyrights and Author Responsibilities",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "46--51",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  note =         "This paper discusses U.S. copyright law and its
                 implications for the reuse of published text.
                 Guidelines are given for the citation and quoting of
                 such material.",
  abstract =     "Although electronic processing can greatly enhance
                 manuscript preparation, it also provides more chances
                 to infringe copyright laws. This discussion takes a
                 good look at what is proper and what is not.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
                 NY, USA",
  classification = "B0140 (Administration and management); C0230
                 (Economic, social and political aspects)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Author responsibilities; Copyright-protected material;
                 Duplicate submissions; Engineering profession;
                 Exclusive rights; Fair use; Material reuse; Plagiarism;
                 Simultaneous submissions",
  thesaurus =    "Industrial property",
}

@Article{Brown:1992:CSA,
  author =       "Marc H. Brown and John Hershberger",
  title =        "Color and Sound in Algorithm Animation",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "52--63",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Algorithm-animation systems offer sensory insight into
                 algorithms, but creating effective visualizations is an
                 art, not a science. The authors describe some
                 techniques emerging from work in the field.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "DEC Syst. Res. Center, Palo Alto, CA, USA",
  classification = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory); C6120
                 (File organisation); C6130B (Graphics techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Activity highlighting; Algorithm history; Balsa
                 algorithm-animation system; Color; Data structures;
                 Encoding; Exceptional conditions; Interactive
                 algorithm-animation systems; Multiple views; Pattern
                 conveyance; Pattern emphasis; Sound; Static image;
                 Visual reinforcement; Zeus",
  thesaurus =    "Acoustics; Algorithm theory; Colour; Computer
                 animation; Data structures",
}

@Article{Siefert:1992:SRH,
  author =       "D. M. Siefert and G. E. Stark",
  title =        "Standards: Software reliability handbook: Achieving
                 reliable software",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "64--66",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "NCR Corp., Dayton, OH, USA",
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "AIAA; Reliable software; Software reliability
                 engineering database; Software reliability tools; Space
                 systems; Standard",
  thesaurus =    "Software reliability; Standards",
}

@Article{Siefert:1992:SSR,
  author =       "David M. Siefert and George E. Stark",
  title =        "Standards: Software reliability handbook: Achieving
                 reliable software",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "64--66",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 17 10:11:23 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Balde:1992:HTT,
  author =       "John W. Balde",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Trends in advanced packaging technology",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "67--68",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Advanced packaging technology",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Interconnection Decision Consulting, Flemington, NJ,
                 USA",
  classification = "B0170J (Product packaging)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Advanced packaging technology; Multichip modules",
  thesaurus =    "Multichip modules; Packaging",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:CSNe,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Computer Society} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "71--72",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Election results; Gordon Bell Prize; COPP message.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:AI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "1992 Annual Index",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "107--117",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "All technical articles and features published this
                 year are listed by authors and subject areas.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anneberg:1992:RIA,
  author =       "Lisa Anneberg",
  title =        "Review of {{\em An Integrated Approach to Software
                 Engineering} (Jalote, P; 1991)}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "118",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 13 19:01:27 MST 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Reddy:1993:GEI,
  author =       "Y. V. Ramana Reddy and Kanakanahalli Srinivas and V.
                 Jagannathan and Raghu Karinthi",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: Computer Support for
                 Concurrent Engineering",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "12--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Dewan:1993:TCC,
  author =       "Prasun Dewan and John Riedl",
  title =        "Toward Computer-Supported Concurrent Software
                 Engineering",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "17--27",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Flesce, for Flexible Environment Collaborative
                 Software Engineering, is a new multimedia environment.
                 It features tools designed to surmount collaboration
                 problems that software engineers are increasingly
                 encountering.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette,
                 IN, USA",
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques); C6115
                 (Programming support)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer-supported concurrent software engineering;
                 Concepts; Flexible environment for collaborative
                 software engineering; Integration; Life cycles;
                 Sharing",
  thesaurus =    "Concurrent engineering; Programming environments;
                 Software engineering",
}

@Article{Cutkosky:1993:PEI,
  author =       "Mark R. Cutkosky and Robert S. Engelmore and Richard
                 E. Fikes and Michael R. Genesereth and Thomas R. Gruber
                 and W. S. Mark and J. M. Tenenbaum and J. C. Weber",
  title =        "{PACT}: An Experiment in Integrating Concurrent
                 Engineering Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "28--37",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Large design projects can involve multiple sites,
                 subsystems, and knowledge-representation schemes. Using
                 this testbed system, four teams produced a distributed
                 robotic-device simulation and synchronized on a design
                 modification.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "C6170 (Expert systems); C7410D (Electronic
                 engineering); C7480 (Production engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Agent-based architecture; Assembly; Design tools;
                 Designworld; Device Modeling Environment; Digital
                 electronics design; Disciplines; Distributed
                 knowledge-based integration environment; DME;
                 Integrating concurrent engineering systems; Mechanical
                 design; Model formulation; Multiple sites; Next-Cut;
                 NVisage; PACT; Palo Alto Collaborative Testbed; Process
                 planning system; Simulation environment; Subsystems",
  thesaurus =    "Concurrent engineering; Electronic engineering
                 computing; Knowledge based systems; Process computer
                 control",
}

@Article{Klein:1993:CDR,
  author =       "Mark Klein",
  title =        "Capturing Design Rationale in Concurrent Engineering
                 Teams",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "39--47",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The few existing systems that capture the rationale
                 behind design decisions are severely limited. This new
                 prototype offers an integrated and generic framework
                 with much broader capabilities.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA",
  classification = "C7400 (Engineering); C7480 (Production
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Collaborative editing; Concurrent engineering teams;
                 Design rationale capture system; Design rationale
                 capturing; Design reasoning; DRCS; Generic model",
  thesaurus =    "Concurrent engineering",
}

@Article{Chandrasekaran:1993:FRD,
  author =       "B. Chandrasekaran and Ashok K. Goel and Yumi Iwasaki",
  title =        "Functional Representation as Design Rationale",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--56",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Although design rationale connot be completely
                 represented, Functional Representation is a good
                 framework for describing causal components because it
                 embodies a theory of how causal stories are
                 understood.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Lab. for AI Res., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH,
                 USA",
  classification = "C7400 (Engineering); C7480 (Production
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Causal process; Design rationale; Functional
                 representation",
  thesaurus =    "Concurrent engineering; Design engineering",
}

@Article{Gupta:1993:POC,
  author =       "Satyandra K. Gupta and Dana S. Nau and Guangming
                 Zhang",
  title =        "Project Overviews: Concurrent Evaluation of
                 Machinability During Product Design",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "61--63",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Mech. Eng., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD,
                 USA",
  classification = "C3355C (Machining processes and machine tools);
                 C7480 (Production engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Concurrent evaluation; Machinability; Machining;
                 Manufacturing engineer; Product design",
  thesaurus =    "Concurrent engineering; Machining",
}

@Article{Sriram:1993:DP,
  author =       "Duvvuru Sriram and Robert Logcher",
  title =        "The {MIT Dice Project}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "64--65",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Civil and Environ. Eng., MIT, Cambridge, MA,
                 USA",
  classification = "C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6170 (Expert
                 systems); C7480 (Production engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer-Aided Engineering; Computer-based
                 architecture program; Distributed and Integrated
                 Environment; Interface conditions; Manufacturability;
                 Manufacturing cost; MIT Dice project; Schedule
                 effects",
  thesaurus =    "CAD/CAM; Concurrent engineering; Expert systems;
                 Object-oriented programming",
}

@Article{Bowen:1993:CSC,
  author =       "James Bowen and Dennis Bahler",
  title =        "Constraint-Based Software for Concurrent Engineering",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "66--68",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., North Carolina State Univ.,
                 Raleigh, NC, USA",
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques); C7480
                 (Production engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Application-oriented features; Computational theory;
                 Concurrent engineering; Constraint-based software;
                 Galileo3 programming language; Product life-cycle
                 design advice software; Runtime system",
  thesaurus =    "Concurrent engineering; Software engineering",
}

@Article{Tong:1993:KCE,
  author =       "Chris Tong and Andrew Gomory",
  title =        "A Knowledge-Based Computer Environment for the
                 Conceptual Design of Small Electromechanical
                 Appliances",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "69--71",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick,
                 NJ, USA",
  classification = "C6170 (Expert systems); C7480 (Production
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Conceptual design; Concurrent engineering; Kitchen
                 appliances; Knowledge-based computer environment;
                 Lighting; Qualitative simulation; Small
                 electromechanical appliances; Specification
                 acquisition",
  thesaurus =    "Concurrent engineering; Design engineering; Knowledge
                 based systems",
}

@Article{Chung:1993:ALS,
  author =       "Goopeel Chung and Kevin Jeffay and Hussein
                 Abdel-Wahab",
  title =        "Accommodating Latecomers in Shared Window Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--74",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., North Carolina Univ., Chapel
                 Hill, NC, USA",
  classification = "B6210P (Teleconferencing); C6180 (User interfaces);
                 C7104 (Office automation); C7410F (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Communication channel; Conference latecomers; X
                 Teleconferencing and Viewing; X-based shared window
                 system",
  thesaurus =    "Teleconferencing; User interfaces",
}

@Article{Huyn:1993:ACE,
  author =       "Pierre Nam Huyn and Michael R. Genesereth and Reed
                 Letsinger",
  title =        "Automated Concurrent Engineering in {Designworld}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--76",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Hewlett--Packard Lab., Palo Alto, CA, USA",
  classification = "C7410D (Electronic engineering); C7480 (Production
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Agent-based framework; Automated concurrent
                 engineering; Dedicated robotic cell; Designworld;
                 Digital circuits; Integrated support; Maintenance;
                 Manufacture; Multimedia design workstation",
  thesaurus =    "Circuit CAD; Concurrent engineering",
}

@Article{Karp:1993:GBP,
  author =       "Alan H. Karp and Ken Miura and Horst Simon",
  title =        "1992 {Gordon Bell Prize} Winners",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "77--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The fifth annual Gordon Bell Prize competition saw a
                 clash of cultures. The majority of the entries ran
                 dedicated parallel processors, while the big winner
                 used a heterogeneous collection of machines scattered
                 around the U.S.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Subrahmanyam:1993:HTH,
  author =       "P. A. Subrahmanyam",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Hardware-Software Codesign: Cautious
                 optimism for the future",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "84--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Hardware-software codesign",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "AT and T Bell Lab., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques); C7480
                 (Production engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Codesign research; Complexity; Diversity; Hardware;
                 Integrated design of systems; Software components",
  thesaurus =    "Concurrent engineering; Integrated software",
}

@Article{Buchenrieder:1993:HTH,
  author =       "K. Buchenrieder",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Hardware-Software Codesign: Codesign and
                 concurrent engineering",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "85--86",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Siemens AG, Munich, Germany",
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques); C7400
                 (Engineering); C7480 (Production engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Codesign; Concurrent engineering; Formal design;
                 Framework technology; Hardware-software codesign;
                 High-level synthesis; Integration; Partitioning;
                 Simulation environments; Soft-prototyping techniques;
                 System-level specification; Verification",
  thesaurus =    "CAD; Concurrent engineering; Integrated software",
}

@Article{Micheli:1993:HTH,
  author =       "G. De Micheli",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Hardware-Software Codesign: Extending
                 {CAD} tools and techniques",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "85--87",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Center for Integrated Syst., Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "C7410D (Electronic engineering); C7480 (Production
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Application-specific integrated circuits; Behavioral
                 descriptions; CAD tools; Codesign; Design tools;
                 Embedded systems; Hardware; High-level synthesis;
                 Software modules; Software programs",
  thesaurus =    "Application specific integrated circuits; Circuit CAD;
                 Concurrent engineering",
}

@Article{Bhansali:1993:SSS,
  author =       "P. V. Bhansali",
  title =        "Survey of software safety standards shows diversity",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88--89",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6130S (Data security); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing,
                 debugging and evaluating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Commercial aviation; Consumer products; Hazards;
                 Industrial process control; Medical equipment; Military
                 systems; Software safety standards; Software
                 verification requirements",
  thesaurus =    "Program verification; Security of data; Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:CNa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "90--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "1993 officers; ``instant libraries''; reverse
                 engineering; IEEE fellows.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Ca,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Conferences",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "112--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Enterprise integration; Supercomputing 92.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:ECM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Editor-in Chief's Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Changes",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Vetter:1993:DCH,
  author =       "Ronald J. Vetter and David H. C. Du",
  title =        "Distributed Computing with High-Speed Optical
                 Networks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "8--18",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors describe an environment that uses
                 wavelength-division multiplexing techniques and optical
                 switching and processing to provide large bandwidths,
                 short delays, and multiple data streams for distributed
                 processing.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Moorhead State Univ., MN, USA",
  classification = "B4180 (Optical logic devices and optical computing
                 techniques); B6140C (Optical information and image
                 processing); B6210L (Computer communications); B6230
                 (Switching centres and equipment); B6260 (Optical links
                 and equipment); C5270 (Optical computing techniques);
                 C5620 (Computer networks and techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Application needs; Application requirements;
                 Computational topology; Computing requirements;
                 Conceptual layer; Distributed processing; Large
                 bandwidths; Multiple data streams; Network services;
                 Optical fiber links; Optical switching; Performance
                 tradeoffs; Physical network; Research efforts; Short
                 delays; System level; Underlying high-speed network
                 services; Virtual topology; Wavelength division
                 multiplexing techniques",
  thesaurus =    "Data communication systems; Optical information
                 processing; Optical interconnections; Optical links;
                 Optical switches; Wavelength division multiplexing",
}

@Article{Bowen:1993:PMC,
  author =       "Nicholas S. Bowen and Dhiraj K. Pradhan",
  title =        "Processor- and memory-based checkpoint and rollback
                 recovery",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22--31",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Checkpoint and rollback recovery enables a system to
                 tolerate failures by periodically saving the entire
                 state and rolling back to the saved state if an error
                 is detected.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center. Yorktown Heights,
                 NY, USA",
  classification = "C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Distributed virtual-memory systems; Hardware schemes;
                 Hardware-based techniques; Memory hierarchy; Memory
                 techniques; Processor techniques; Processor-based
                 transparent rollback techniques; Rollback recovery;
                 Shared-memory multiprocessors; Subtle differences;
                 Taxonomy; Transient faults; Uniprocessors",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing; Shared memory systems;
                 Storage management; System recovery; Virtual storage",
}

@Article{Karam:1993:CFS,
  author =       "Gerald M. Karam and Ronald S. Casselman",
  title =        "A Cataloging Framework for Software Development
                 Methods",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "34--44, 46",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This framework provides a basis for comparing and
                 evaluating software development methods. With it,
                 practitioners and methodologists can describe and rate
                 an SDM's support for 21 properties.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Syst. and Comput. Eng., Carleton Univ.,
                 Ottawa, Ont., Canada",
  classification = "C0310F (Software development management); C0310H
                 (Equipment and software evaluation methods); C6110B
                 (Software engineering techniques); C6110J
                 (Object-oriented programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Architectural design; Cataloging framework; Notational
                 conventions; Object modelling technique; OMT; Organized
                 construction; SDMs; Software development methods;
                 Software-based systems; Standard; Technical
                 procedures",
  thesaurus =    "Object-oriented methods; Software engineering;
                 Software selection; Standards",
}

@Article{Hurson:1993:ODM,
  author =       "A. R. Hurson and Simin H. Pakzad and Jia-bing Cheng",
  title =        "Object-Oriented Database Management Systems: Evolution
                 and Performance Issues",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "48--58, 60",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Applications that involve complex data and operations
                 are not served well by conventional data models and
                 DBMSs. This article surveys current research and
                 development in object-oriented DBMSs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Pennsylvania State
                 Univ., University Park, PA, USA",
  classification = "C4250 (Database theory); C6160J (Object-oriented
                 databases)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Buffering schemes; Clustering; Commercial
                 object-oriented database management systems; Complex
                 objects; Disk technology; Encore; GemStone; Iris;
                 Near-term means; Object-oriented DBMSs; ObjectStore;
                 Ontos; Orion; Parallel disks; Performance issues;
                 Research prototypes; Typical complex object operations;
                 Versant",
  thesaurus =    "Database theory; Object-oriented databases; Software
                 packages",
}

@Article{Ni:1993:SWR,
  author =       "Lionel M. Ni and Philip K. McKinley",
  title =        "A Survey of Wormhole Routing Techniques in Direct
                 Networks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "62--76",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Efficient routing of messages is critical to the
                 performance of direct network systems. The popular
                 wormhole routing technique faces several
                 challenges--particularly flow control and deadlock
                 avoidance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Michigan State Univ., East
                 Lansing, MI, USA",
  classification = "C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Commercial ventures; Deadlock situations;
                 Deadlock-free. routing; Direct networks; Multiple
                 virtual channels; Open issues; Packets; Physical
                 channel; Research contributions; Switching technique;
                 Wormhole routing",
  thesaurus =    "Concurrency control; Message passing; Multiprocessing
                 systems; Switching",
}

@Article{Pausch:1993:HTT,
  author =       "R. Pausch",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Three views of virtual reality: an
                 overview",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "79--80",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Virtual reality",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Virginia Univ.,
                 Charlottesville, VA, USA",
  classification = "C5540B (Interactive-input devices); C6130B (Graphics
                 techniques); C6180 (User interfaces); C6185 (Simulation
                 techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Direct manipulation; Display; Head-mounted display;
                 Image generation; Major technological hurdles;
                 Potential applications; Software support; Stereo
                 graphics; Synthetically generated environment; Three
                 dimensions; Tracking; Virtual reality; VR",
  thesaurus =    "Digital simulation; Interactive devices; Stereo image
                 processing; User interfaces; Virtual reality",
}

@Article{Robertson:1993:HTT,
  author =       "G. G. Robertson and S. K. Card and J. D. Mackinlay",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Three views of virtual reality:
                 nonimmersive virtual reality",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "81, 83",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Xerox, Palo Alto Res. Centre, CA, USA",
  classification = "C6130B (Graphics techniques); C6180 (User
                 interfaces); C6185 (Simulation techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "3D depth cues; 3D environment; 3D modeling; Animation;
                 Color; Conventional graphics workstation; Direct
                 manipulation; Hidden-surface elimination; Immersive VR;
                 Interactively controlled; Keyboard; Lighting; Monitor;
                 Mouse; Nonimmersive VR; Perspective view; Rendering;
                 Shading; Shadows; Texture",
  thesaurus =    "Computer animation; Digital simulation; Interactive
                 systems; User interfaces; Virtual reality;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Moshell:1993:HTT,
  author =       "M. Moshell",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Three views of virtual reality: virtual
                 environments in the {US} military",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "81--82",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Inst. for Simulation and Training, Univ. of Central
                 Florida, Orlando, FL, USA",
  classification = "C6180 (User interfaces); C6185 (Simulation
                 techniques); C7150 (Military); C7460 (Aerospace
                 engineering); C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Battlefield review; Flight simulation systems; Link
                 Flight Instrument Trainer; Low-cost real-time
                 interactive simulation; Military applications;
                 Real-time simulation; Research projects; Tactics
                 development; Team training; US military; Virtual
                 environment",
  thesaurus =    "Aerospace simulation; Computer based training; Digital
                 simulation; Military computing; Real-time systems;
                 Virtual reality",
}

@Article{Trapp:1993:SES,
  author =       "G. Trapp",
  title =        "Standards: The emerging {STEP} standard for
                 product-model data exchange",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "85--87",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Step standard",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Concurrent Eng. Res. Center, West Virginia Univ., WV,
                 USA",
  classification = "C6130E (Data interchange); C7160 (Manufacturing and
                 industry)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer-readable exchange; Concurrent engineering;
                 Digital product definition; Electronic domain
                 standards; Heterogeneous computer environments;
                 Industrial product; ISO 10303; Logistics support;
                 Product life-cycle functions; Standard method; STEP;
                 Total information",
  thesaurus =    "Electronic data interchange; Manufacturing data
                 processing; Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:CNb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "88--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "1993 election schedule: CSAB accreditation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Ua,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "90--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Information infrastructure",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "100--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Lab View; A/Ux; Generic CADD.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Cb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Conferences",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "117--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "SEL workshop",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "126--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Networking journal preview",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "128--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computer policy advice",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PMa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{President}'s Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Layoffs and reeducation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:EMa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Editor-in-Chief's Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "9--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Governments and industrial policy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Athanas:1993:PRT,
  author =       "Peter M. Athanas and Harvey F. Silverman",
  title =        "Processor Reconfiguration Through Instruction-Set
                 Metamorphosis",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "11--18",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This general-purpose architecture speeds up
                 computationally intensive tasks by augmenting the core
                 processor's functionality with new operations. The
                 operations are synthesized from information extracted
                 during compilation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bradley Dept. of Electr. Eng., Virginia Polytech.
                 Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "VA, USA",
  classification = "722.4; 723.5; C5220 (Computer architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computationally intensive portions; Computationally
                 intensive tasks; Computer applications; Computer
                 architecture; Core processing system; Experimental
                 results; Fundamental operations; General purpose
                 computers; General-purpose architecture; Initial
                 prototype system; Instruction-set metamorphosis;
                 Performance; PRISM approach; PRISM concept; PRISM-1;
                 Processor reconfiguration; Targeted application",
  thesaurus =    "Instruction sets",
}

@Article{Abdel-Hamid:1993:ACP,
  author =       "Tarek K. Abdel-Hamid",
  title =        "Adapting, Correcting, and Perfecting Software
                 Estimates: {A} Maintenance Metaphor",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "20--29",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Continuous software estimation models are needed that
                 can constantly evaluate costs and schedules. This
                 article proposed a hybrid estimation model and
                 demonstrates how to use it.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "US Naval Postgraduate Sch., Monterey, CA, USA",
  classification = "723.5; 911.1; 912.1; C0310F (Software development
                 management)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Adaptive activity; Cocomo; Computer software;
                 Constructive cost model; Cost accounting; Hybrid
                 continuous software estimation model; Model estimates;
                 New organizational realities; Overall software system;
                 Perfective estimation activities; Perfective
                 maintenance; Processing inefficiencies; Project
                 completion; Project management; Sizing; Software
                 development; Software product; System dynamics; User
                 requirements",
  thesaurus =    "Software cost estimation; Software maintenance",
}

@Article{Sankar:1993:CRM,
  author =       "Sriram Sankar and Manas Mandal",
  title =        "Concurrent Runtime Monitoring of Formally Specified
                 Programs",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "32--41",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "In this Anna implementation, checking code executes
                 concurrently with the underlying program. Distribution
                 across different processors reduces the time penalty
                 usually associated with runtime monitoring.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "722.2; 723.5; C6110B (Software engineering
                 techniques); C6110P (Parallel programming); C6140D
                 (High level languages); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing,
                 debugging and evaluating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Anna; Annotated Ada; Checking code; Computer monitors;
                 Computer software; Concurrent processing; Diagnostic
                 information; Formal specification constructs; Formal
                 specification language; Performance; Program execution;
                 Specification consistency; Subtype annotations;
                 Underlying program",
  thesaurus =    "Formal specification; Parallel programming;
                 Specification languages; System monitoring",
}

@Article{Staehli:1993:CSA,
  author =       "Richard Staehli and Jonathan Walpole",
  title =        "Constrained-Latency Storage Access",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "44--53",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Misc/mmos.bib; Os/mmos.bib",
  abstract =     "A class of problems (Constrained-Latency Storage
                 Access or CLSA) is identified which require guarantees
                 of the latency time of retrieval of data from storage
                 devices (archival devices, such as disks are of primary
                 interest here). The approach used for reducing latency
                 is data prefetching (i.e., having the {\em fetch} event
                 precede the {\em demand} event for a particular storage
                 access). This requires some degree of predictability of
                 data requirements. Applications can be categorized on
                 the basis of how they determine their demand events as
                 {\em sequential}, {\em scripted}, or {\em dynamic}. An
                 alternate categorization, based on the information
                 needed to predict demand events, is {\em periodic},
                 {\em predictable}, or {\em unpredictable}. The various
                 categories of applications are examined to see whether
                 and how constrained-latency guarantees can be met.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Oregon Graduate Inst. of Sci. and Technol., Beaverton,
                 OR, USA",
  annote =       "Multimedia applications that require real-time access
                 to large amounts of storage are forcing designers to
                 take new approaches to the structure and function of
                 storage systems.",
  classification = "722.1; 722.4; C5310 (Storage system design); C6120
                 (File organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Automatic anticipation; CLSA applications; Computer
                 architecture; Constrained-latency storage access;
                 Constrained-latency storage access (clsa); Continuous
                 media data; Digital storage; General-purpose storage
                 architectures; Good solutions; Greedy prefetching;
                 Interactive editing; Latency requirements; Performance;
                 Presequencing; Scripted data access; Short latencies;
                 Video segments",
  thesaurus =    "Memory architecture; Storage allocation; Storage
                 management",
}

@Article{Marefat:1993:OIC,
  author =       "M. Marefat and Sandeep Malhotra and R. L. Kashyap",
  title =        "Object-Oriented Intelligent Computer-Integrated
                 Design, Process Planning, and Inspection",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "54--65",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A prototype implemented using Smalltalk-80's
                 object-oriented environment shows that an automated,
                 flexible, and intelligent computer-integrated
                 manufacturing system may not be inconceivable after
                 all.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "AZ, USA",
  classification = "723.1.1; 731.1; 913.4.2; C6110J (Object-oriented
                 programming); C6170 (Expert systems); C7160
                 (Manufacturing and industry); C7480 (Production
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "CAD; CIM system; Computer integrated manufacturing;
                 Computer programming languages; Factory automation;
                 Flexible computer-integrated-manufacturing; Inspection;
                 Inspection planner; Intelligent integrated
                 computer-aided design; Manufacturing systems; Object
                 oriented programming; Object-oriented principles;
                 Object-oriented programming environment; Process
                 planner; Prototyping; Smalltalk-80; Smalltalk-80
                 (computer language)",
  thesaurus =    "Computer integrated manufacturing; Inspection;
                 Knowledge based systems; Object-oriented methods;
                 Object-oriented programming",
}

@Article{Keaton:1993:LCI,
  author =       "John Keaton",
  title =        "Layoffs in the Computer Industry",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "66--71",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The current slump in the computer industry has
                 long-term implications that will affect future
                 employment. many jobs lost during the downturn are
                 likely to be gone forever.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA",
  classification = "731.1; 912.4; C0230 (Economic, social and political
                 aspects); C0310 (EDP management)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Automation; Computer industry; Computer professionals;
                 Corporate organization charts; Economic and social
                 effects; Employment; Global downturn; Industry
                 employment; Layoffs; Long-term employment outlook;
                 Permanent restructuring; US; Worldwide recession",
  thesaurus =    "DP industry; Personnel; Professional aspects",
}

@Article{Obenza:1993:HTR,
  author =       "R. Obenza",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Rate monotonic analysis for real-time
                 systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "73--74",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Rate monotonic analysis",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Software Eng. Inst., Carnegie-Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "C7420 (Control engineering); C7460 (Aerospace
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Air traffic control system; Engineers; Mathematical
                 approach; Performance requirements; Quantitative
                 methods; Rate monotonic analysis; Real-time system;
                 RMA; Timing behavior",
  thesaurus =    "Air traffic computer control; Real-time systems",
}

@Article{Everett:1993:SSR,
  author =       "W. W. Everett and J. A. Musa",
  title =        "Standards: {A} software reliability engineering
                 practice",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "77--79",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software reliability engineering.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "AT and T Bell Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
  classification = "C6110B (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "AT and T; Best current practice; Failure-free;
                 Software life cycle; Software product; Software
                 reliability engineering practice; Specified operating
                 conditions; SRE; SRE BCP; Support mechanisms",
  thesaurus =    "Quality control; Software reliability; Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "81--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Programs that do Windows",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:CNc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "92--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Service awards",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Ub,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "93--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Information ``Superhighway''",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "110--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computing archive on CD-ROM.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "112--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Visible software development",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:EMb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Editor-in-Chief's Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Education",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Mukund:1993:GEI,
  author =       "P. R. Mukund and J. F. McDonald",
  title =        "{Guest Editor}'s Introduction: {MCM} --- The
                 High-Performance Electronic Packaging Technology",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "10--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Scannell:1993:DMM,
  author =       "Robert K. Scannell and John K. Hagge",
  title =        "Development of a Multichip Module {DSP}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "13--21",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A highly modular processor architecture based on
                 off-the-shelf components supports an MCM design
                 implementation that delivers 400 million floating-point
                 operations per second in a 75-gram package.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Rockwell Int., Anaheim, CA, USA",
  classification = "B0170J (Product packaging); B1265F (Microprocessors
                 and microcomputers); B2220J (Hybrid integrated
                 circuits); B2570 (Semiconductor integrated circuits);
                 C5135 (Digital signal processing chips)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Cost; Highly modular processor architecture;
                 Interconnect-substrate design; MCM package assembly;
                 Multichip module DSP; Signal processor packaging
                 design; Size; Weight",
  thesaurus =    "Digital signal processing chips; Multichip modules",
}

@Article{Daum:1993:OHI,
  author =       "Wolfgang Daum and William E. {Burdick, Jr.} and
                 Raymond A. Fillion",
  title =        "Overlay High-Density Interconnect: {A} Chips-First
                 Multichip Module Technology",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "23--29",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Many high-density multichip modules are being
                 developed today. The authors probe unique features of a
                 process that embeds bare chips into the multichip
                 interconnect structure.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "GE Corporate Res. and Dev. Center, Schenectady, NY,
                 USA",
  classification = "B0170J (Product packaging); B2220E (Thin film
                 circuits); B2220J (Hybrid integrated circuits)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Bare chips; Base substrate; Cavities; Chips-first
                 multichip module technology; High-density
                 interconnection; Packaged parts test; Packaging;
                 Thin-film fabrication; Thin-film interconnect
                 structure",
  thesaurus =    "Multichip modules; Thin film devices",
}

@Article{LaPotin:1993:EPA,
  author =       "David P. LaPotin and Toufie R. Mazzawy and Marlin L.
                 White",
  title =        "Early Package Analysis: Considerations and Case
                 Study",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "30--39",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This report features an early analysis tool that
                 zeroes in on large systems chip-level packaging
                 requirements and lets you evaluate the trade-offs
                 between design and packaging technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
                 NY, USA",
  classification = "B0170J (Product packaging); B2220J (Hybrid
                 integrated circuits)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Analysis tool; Cofired ceramics; Design; Hybrid
                 cofired ceramic; MCM-C; MCM-D/C; Multichip module;
                 Package analysis; Thin-film",
  thesaurus =    "Multichip modules",
}

@Article{Franzon:1993:MMD,
  author =       "Paul D. Franzon and Robert J. Evans",
  title =        "A Multichip Module Design Process for Notebook
                 Computers",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "41--49",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Multichip modules can obtain significant performance
                 improvements with a reduced footprint. This article
                 examines the packaging-system design process, with
                 application to choosing an MCM card for a 386SL
                 notebook computer.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., North Carolina
                 State Univ., Raleigh, NC, USA",
  classification = "B0170J (Product packaging); B1265F (Microprocessors
                 and microcomputers); B2220J (Hybrid integrated
                 circuits); C5130 (Microprocessor chips)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "32-B integer central processing unit; 80386SL chip;
                 Buffering; Bus control; Cost factors; Glue logic;
                 Memory management; Multichip module design process;
                 Notebook computers; Packaging system design process;
                 Performance factors",
  thesaurus =    "Microprocessor chips; Multichip modules",
}

@Article{Habiger:1993:HMP,
  author =       "Claus M. Habiger and R. Mike Lea",
  title =        "{Hybrid-WSI}: {A} Massively Parallel Computing
                 Technology?",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "50--61",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Hybrid-WSI is emerging as a promising technology for
                 developing cost-effective massively parallel computers.
                 But, as it matures, current production problems must be
                 overcome.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Electron., Brunel Univ.,
                 Uxbridge, UK",
  classification = "B2220J (Hybrid integrated circuits); B2570
                 (Semiconductor integrated circuits)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Application requirements; Associative string
                 processor; Enabling technology; Engineering issues;
                 Hybrid wafer scale integration; Implementation
                 problems; Massively parallel computing technology;
                 Second-generation massively parallel computers",
  thesaurus =    "Hybrid integrated circuits; Integrated circuit
                 technology; VLSI",
}

@Article{Vemuri:1993:IMS,
  author =       "Ranga Vemuri and Nand Kumar and Raghu Vutukuru and
                 Prasad Subba Rao and Praveen Sinha and N. Ren and P.
                 Mamtora and R. Mandayam and R. Vemuri and J. Roy",
  title =        "An Integrated Multicomponent Synthesis Environment for
                 {MCMs}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "62--74",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This vertically integrated design environment supports
                 the development of application-specific MCMs that
                 involve low-volume production and short lead times.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Cincinnati Univ., OH, USA",
  classification = "B0170J (Product packaging); B1130B (Computer-aided
                 circuit analysis and design); B2220J (Hybrid integrated
                 circuits); C6140D (High level languages); C7410D
                 (Electronic engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Automated synthesis support; Automated test-bench
                 compilation; Design validation; Find; Integrated design
                 environment; Integrated multicomponent synthesis
                 environment; MCMs; Move Machine; Multichip modules;
                 Multicompact synthesis; PDL; Performance description
                 language; Placement; Routing; Simulation support;
                 Very-high-speed integrated circuit hardware description
                 language; Viper Microprocessor; Waveform and vector
                 exchange specification; WAVES",
  thesaurus =    "Circuit layout CAD; Multichip modules; Specification
                 languages",
}

@Article{Dehkordi:1993:DPE,
  author =       "Peyman H. Dehkordi and Donald W. Bouldin",
  title =        "Design for Packageability: Early consideration of
                 Packaging from a {VLSI} Designer's Viewpoint",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "76--81",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "To achieve higher performing systems, VLSI system
                 designers should consider the effects of packaging
                 while designing ships.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Tennessee Univ.,
                 Knoxville, TN, USA",
  classification = "B0170J (Product packaging); B2220J (Hybrid
                 integrated circuits); B2240 (Microassembly techniques);
                 B2570 (Semiconductor integrated circuits)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Circuit design and layout; Design for packageability;
                 Dies; Flip-chip multichip module; Image processing
                 chip-set; Packaging; VLSI; Wire-bond printed circuit
                 board",
  thesaurus =    "Flip-chip devices; Integrated circuit technology; Lead
                 bonding; Multichip modules; VLSI",
}

@Article{Glasser:1993:RMA,
  author =       "L. A. Glasser",
  title =        "A Road Map to {ARPA} Involvement in Electronic
                 Packaging",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "82--86",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Project overview: Lance A. Glasser.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "ARPA, Arlington, VA, USA",
  classification = "B0170J (Product packaging); B2210D (Printed circuit
                 manufacture); B2220 (Integrated circuits)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Advance Research Projects Agency; Advanced electronic
                 packaging and interconnect; Backplanes; Boxes; Cages;
                 Connectors; Diamond substrates; Electronic packaging;
                 EP/I; Information technologies; Metal matrix packages;
                 Multichip modules; Printed circuit boards;
                 Superconductors",
  thesaurus =    "Multichip modules; Printed circuit manufacture;
                 Substrates",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:CNd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "88--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "TC, task force activities",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Uc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "88--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Grand Challenges: NSF programs",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "97--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "TimingDesigner, PackRat, and KarlBridge.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Shur:1993:HTF,
  author =       "M. Shur",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Future impact of solid-state technology on
                 computers",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "103--104",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Solid-state technology",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng., Virginia Univ.,
                 Charlottesville, VA, USA",
  classification = "B2570 (Semiconductor integrated circuits)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computers; Digital systems; Electrons; Holes;
                 Operating principles; Solid-state technology;
                 Transistor designs",
  thesaurus =    "Integrated circuit technology",
}

@Article{Schneidewind:1993:SNS,
  author =       "N. F. Schneidewind",
  title =        "Standards: New software-quality metrics methodology
                 standard fills measurement need",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "105--106",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software-quality metrics",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "US Naval Postgraduate Sch., Monterey, CA, USA",
  classification = "C0310F (Software development management); C6110B
                 (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "IEEE 1061; IEEE standard; Software-quality metrics
                 methodology standard; Validity criteria",
  thesaurus =    "Software metrics; Software quality; Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Cc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Conferences",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "107--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "TC workshops; network training.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "118--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Supercomputing 92 on CD-ROM.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "120--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "April foolery",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:LEa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Letters to the Editor",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Industry policy",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:AS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Article Summaries",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "9--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "New department helps busy readers by presenting
                 300-word summaries that highlight the argument and
                 results of each feature article for the month.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Gaughan:1993:ARP,
  author =       "Patrick T. Gaughan and Sudhakar Yalamanchili",
  title =        "Adaptive Routing Protocols for Hypercube
                 Interconnection Networks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "12--23",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Multipath networks and adaptive routing protocols
                 dynamically adapt to network conditions such as
                 communication bottlenecks, thus lifting a major
                 impediment to the development of massively parallel
                 architectures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Electr. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol.,
                 Atlanta, GA, USA",
  classification = "B6150M (Protocols); C5220P (Parallel architecture);
                 C5640 (Protocols)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Adaptive routing protocols; Hypercube interconnection
                 networks; Massively parallel architectures; Simulation
                 studies",
  thesaurus =    "Hypercube networks; Protocols",
}

@Article{Ozsoyoglu:1993:EGD,
  author =       "Gultekin Ozsoyoglu and Huaqing Wang",
  title =        "Example-Based Graphical Database Query Languages",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "25--38",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "In example-based database query languages, users can
                 formulate a. query by specity a. graphically aided
                 example on the screen. The authors survey and compare
                 a. number of these user-friendly languages.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Eng. and Sci., Case Western Reserve
                 Univ., Cleveland, OH, USA",
  classification = "C6140D (High level languages); C6160 (Database
                 management systems (DBMS))",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Aggregates-by-Example; Example-based graphical
                 database query languages; Formanager;
                 Generalized-Query-by-Example; Hierarchical databases;
                 Natural Forms Query Language; Object manipulation;
                 Office-by-Example; Picquery; Pictorial databases; Query
                 language constructs; Query processing; Query
                 specification; Query-by-Example;
                 Query-by-Pictorial-Example;
                 Query-by-Statistical-Relational-Table; Relational
                 databases; Summary-Table-by-Example;
                 System-for-Business-Automation; Time-by-Example",
  thesaurus =    "Database management systems; Query languages; Visual
                 languages",
}

@Article{Grimshaw:1993:EOP,
  author =       "Andrew S. Grimshaw",
  title =        "Easy-to-Use Object-Oriented Parallel Processing with
                 {Mentat}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "39--51",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Lack of appropriate abstractions makes programming for
                 parallel architectures more difficult than writing
                 sequential software. Mentat address this problem by
                 extending C++ to include parallelism encapsulation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Virginia Univ.,
                 Charlottesville, VA, USA",
  classification = "C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming); C6140D (High level languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Architecture-independent parallel programs; C++; Intel
                 iPSC/2; Intel iPSC/860; Mentat; Mentat programming
                 language; Mentat runtime system; Object-oriented
                 parallel processing; Silicon Graphics Iris; Sun 3; Sun
                 4 workstation",
  thesaurus =    "High level languages; Object-oriented programming;
                 Parallel processing; Parallel programming",
}

@Article{Larus:1993:EPT,
  author =       "James R. Larus",
  title =        "Efficient Program Tracing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "52--61",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "New techniques reduce the high costs of recording
                 program trace data and storing trace files, making it
                 easy to obtain detailed listing of how a program
                 executes.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI,
                 USA",
  classification = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C6150G (Diagnostic,
                 testing, debugging and evaluating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Abstract execution; Instructions; Optimal control
                 tracing; Program tracing; Trace file sizes",
  thesaurus =    "Instruction sets; Program testing",
}

@Article{Notkin:1993:CSJ,
  author =       "David Notkin and Richard D. Schlichting",
  title =        "{Computer Science} in {Japanese} Universities",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "62--70",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Cultural differences contribute significantly to the
                 ways in which Japan and the US organize and pursue
                 computer science education and research.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci. and Eng., Washington Univ.,
                 Seattle, WA, USA",
  classification = "C0220 (Education and training)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer science; Faculty career paths; Japanese
                 universities; Research activity; Student population",
  thesaurus =    "Computer science education",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:CNe,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "72--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Board approves new magazines; CS, IEEE awards.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:HTI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Information infrastructure",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "75--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Matras:1993:SRS,
  author =       "J. R. Matras",
  title =        "Standards: Revised standard addresses design
                 requirements for computers used in nuclear power-plant
                 safety systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "76--79",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Safety systems; readers react",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Science Applications International Corp., Las Vegas,
                 NV, USA",
  classification = "A2844 (Fission reactor protection systems, safety
                 and accidents); B8220 (Nuclear power stations and
                 plants); C7470 (Nuclear engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computers; Design requirements; Hardware requirements;
                 IEEE Nuclear Engineering Committee; IEEE standard
                 criteria; Nuclear power-plant safety systems;
                 P-7-4.3.2; Software; Software requirements; Standards;
                 System design development; System integrity; System
                 qualification; System quality",
  thesaurus =    "Fission reactor safety; Nuclear engineering computing;
                 Nuclear power stations; Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "81--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AnyBus, Gopher, WinFax Pro.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Cd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Conferences",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "95--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Compcon 93; task force report",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "110--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "MathSci Disc",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "112--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "All at C; discrimination",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:AEMa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Area Editor's Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "High-performance computing--Lighting the way.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Freund:1993:GEI,
  author =       "Richard F. Freund and Howard Jay Siegel",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: Heterogeneous
                 Processing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "13--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Khokhar:1993:HCC,
  author =       "Ashfaq A. Khokhar and Viktor K. Prasanna and Muhammad
                 E. Shaaban and Cho-Li Wang",
  title =        "Heterogeneous Computing: Challenges and
                 Opportunities",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "18--27",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Anytime you work with oranges and apples, you'll need
                 a number of schemes to organize total performance. This
                 article surveys the challenges posed by heterogeneous
                 computing and discusses some approaches to opening up
                 its opportunities.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng.-Syst., Univ. of Southern
                 California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
  classification = "C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Application tasks; Interconnection requirements;
                 Mapping; Parallelism; Partitioning; Programming
                 environments; Vision task",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Open systems; Programming
                 environments",
}

@Article{Rinard:1993:JAH,
  author =       "Martin C. Rinard and Daniel J. Scales and Monica S.
                 Lam",
  title =        "{Jade}: {A} High-Level Machine-Independent Language
                 for Parallel Programming",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "28--38",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 07:00:12 1997",
  bibsource =    "Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Jade's abstractions of sequential execution and shared
                 memory simplify programming. The system automatically
                 manages parallelism and communication of data, and Jade
                 programs run on a variety of parallel platforms.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6140D (High level
                 languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Coarse-grained parallelism; Concurrency; Digital video
                 imaging program; Heterogeneous networks; High-level
                 parallel programming language; Jade;
                 Machine-independent language; Multiprocessors; Parallel
                 programming; Sequential-execution; Shared-address-space
                 abstractions; Uniprocessors",
  thesaurus =    "Parallel languages",
}

@Article{Silberman:1993:AFS,
  author =       "Gabriel M. Silberman and Kemal Ebcioglu",
  title =        "An Architectural Framework for Supporting
                 Heterogeneous Instruction-Set Architectures",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "39--56",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A novel architectural framework allows applications
                 written for one instruction set to migrate to a higher
                 performance architecture without a significant
                 investment by the user or developer.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
                 NY, USA",
  classification = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
                 processors); C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "AIX utilities; Application performance; Architectural
                 framework; Debugging; Hardware mechanism; Heterogeneous
                 instruction-set architectures; Higher performance
                 architectures; IBM System/390 operating-system code;
                 Operating system code; Program behavior; Program
                 exceptions; Self-modifying code; Software applications;
                 Tracing; User perspective; Very long instruction word;
                 VLIW",
  thesaurus =    "Instruction sets; Open systems; Operating systems
                 [computers]; Program interpreters; Software
                 portability",
}

@Article{Nicol:1993:OOH,
  author =       "John R. Nicol and C. Thomas Wilkes and Frank A.
                 Manola",
  title =        "Object Orientation in Heterogeneous Distributed
                 Computing Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "57--67",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 14:31:24 1997",
  bibsource =    "Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A least-common-denominator approach to object
                 orientation is emerging as a key strategy for flexibly
                 coordinating and integrating networked information
                 processing resources.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "GTE Lab. Inc., Waltham, MA, USA",
  classification = "C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "BBN; Client-server systems; Common object request
                 broker architecture; Cronus system; Heterogeneous
                 distributed computing systems; Interoperability; Object
                 orientation; Open software foundation; Standards",
  thesaurus =    "Object-oriented programming; Open systems",
}

@Article{Rinaldo:1993:ERH,
  author =       "Frank J. Rinaldo and Matthew R. Fausey",
  title =        "Event Reconstruction in High-Energy Physics",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "68--77",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Cooperative Processes Software, a parallel programming
                 toolkit developed at Fermilab, runs as a collection of
                 processes distributed over a network of more than 350
                 heterogeneous Unix-based workstations.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Fermi Nat. Accel. Lab., Batavia, IL, USA",
  classification = "A2980F (Programming); C6110P (Parallel programming);
                 C7320 (Physics and Chemistry)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Cooperative Processes Software; CPS; CPU-intensive
                 experimental data; Event reconstruction; Fermilab;
                 High-energy physics; Parallel programming toolkit;
                 Reduced-instruction-set-computer",
  thesaurus =    "Parallel programming; Physics computing; Reduced
                 instruction set computing",
}

@Article{Ghafoor:1993:DHS,
  author =       "Arif Ghafoor and Jaehyung Yang",
  title =        "A Distributed Heterogeneous Supercomputing Management
                 System",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "78--86",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This framework provides a technique for efficiently
                 managing execution of applications in a distributed
                 heterogeneous supercomputing system. The technique is
                 based on code profiling and machine benchmarking.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA",
  classification = "C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Analytical benchmarking; Application-characterization
                 technique; Code profiling; DHSS management system;
                 Distributed heterogeneous supercomputing management
                 system; General management framework; Network caching;
                 NP-complete problem; Optimal scheduling; Scheduling
                 decisions",
  thesaurus =    "Multiprocessing programs; Network operating systems;
                 Open systems; Scheduling; Supervisory programs",
}

@Article{Beguelin:1993:VDH,
  author =       "Adam Beguelin and Jack Dongarra and Al Geist and Vaidy
                 Sunderam",
  title =        "Visualization and Debugging in a Heterogeneous
                 Environment",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "88--95",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 13 20:13:27 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dongarra-jack-j.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A monitoring tool and a graphical interface working on
                 top of the PVM software can help programmers make
                 better use of heterogeneous networks of computers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "C6115 (Programming support); C6150G (Diagnostic,
                 testing, debugging and evaluating systems); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Debugging; Graphical monitoring package; Graphical
                 programming environment; Hence; Heterogeneous
                 distributed programs; Heterogeneous environment;
                 Parallel virtual machine; Program visualisation; Xab",
  thesaurus =    "Multiprocessing programs; Open systems; Parallel
                 programming; Program debugging; Software tools; System
                 monitoring; Virtual machines; Visual programming",
}

@Article{Rosenblum:1993:HTV,
  author =       "L. J. Rosenblum and F. H. Post",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Visualizing fluid flow",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "98--100",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Visualizing fluid flow",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Office of Naval Res. Eur. Office, London, UK",
  classification = "A4780 (Instrumentation for fluid dynamics); C6130B
                 (Graphics techniques); C7320 (Physics and Chemistry)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "3D visualisation; Data probing; Fluid flow; Isosurface
                 generation; Particle insertion; Particle-rendering;
                 Volume rendering",
  thesaurus =    "Data visualisation; Flow visualisation; Physics
                 computing; Rendering [computer graphics]",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRe,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "107--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "SPSS for Windows, Ada for Windows, Cheetah DSP
                 System.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:CNf,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "115--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Electronic publishing survey and projects.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Ud,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "116--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Technology predictions: computer science
                 fellowships.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Vollman:1993:SSQ,
  author =       "T. E. Vollman",
  title =        "Standards: Software quality assessment and standards",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "118--120",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software quality assessment",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Div. of Natural Sci. and Math., St. Mary's Coll. of
                 Maryland, St. Mary's City, MD, USA",
  classification = "C0310F (Software development management); C6110B
                 (Software engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "IEEE Computer Society; ISO JTC1 SC7; Software
                 product-quality assessment methods; Standards",
  thesaurus =    "DP management; Software quality; Standards",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Ce,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Conferences",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "120--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "CAIA 93, VIMS workshop",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRe,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "134--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Unix publications",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCe,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "136--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Death or glory programming",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:AEMb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Area Editor's Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Object-oriented systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Lee:1993:FCC,
  author =       "Kuo-Chu Lee and William H. {Mansfield, Jr.} and Amit
                 P. Sheth",
  title =        "A Framework for Controlling Cooperative Agents",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "8--16",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "For advanced applications involving multiple users,
                 the ITX system supports adaptive cooperation among
                 agents and reliable operations on shared objects stored
                 in heterogeneous and autonomous component systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bellcore",
  affiliationaddress = "Piscataway, NJ, USA",
  classification = "722.3; 722.4; 723.2; B6210P (Teleconferencing);
                 C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems); C6160B (Distributed DBMS);
                 C6160J (Object-oriented databases); C6170 (Expert
                 systems); C7100 (Business and administration)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Adaptive cooperation; Application objectives; Computer
                 networks; Computer workstations; Cooperating agents;
                 Cooperative agents; Distributed computer systems;
                 Distributed cooperative task; Feedback control;
                 Fixed-point criterion; Heterogeneous component systems;
                 Interacting Transaction system; Iterative interactions;
                 ITX system; Multimedia conference; Multimedia
                 teleconferencing application; Shared objects; System
                 failures; Teleconferencing; User interventions",
  thesaurus =    "Adaptive systems; Cooperative systems; Distributed
                 databases; Distributed processing; Feedback; Groupware;
                 Interactive systems; Multimedia systems;
                 Object-oriented databases; Object-oriented programming;
                 Teleconferencing; Transaction processing",
}

@Article{Leveson:1993:ITA,
  author =       "Nancy G. Leveson and Clark S. Turner",
  title =        "An Investigation of the {Therac-25} Accidents",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "18--41",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A. thorough account of the Therac-25 medical electron
                 accelerator accidents reveals previously unknown
                 details and suggests ways to reduce risk in the
                 future.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Washington",
  affiliationaddress = "Stanford, CA, USA",
  classification = "461.1; 723.1; 914.1; 932.1.1; B7410 (Accelerators);
                 B7520C (Radiation therapy); C6110B (Software
                 engineering techniques); C7330 (Biology and medicine)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Accident prevention; Accidents; Computer software;
                 Government regulation; Particle accelerators; Radiation
                 overdoses; Radiotherapy; Safety-critical systems;
                 Software engineering; Software errors; Software-related
                 overdoses; System development; System engineering;
                 System operation; Therac-25 accidents; Therac-25
                 medical electron accelerator",
  thesaurus =    "Accidents; Government policies; Linear accelerators;
                 Medical computing; Radiation therapy; Software
                 engineering; Systems engineering",
}

@Article{Singh:1993:SPP,
  author =       "Jaswinder Pal Singh and John L. Hennessy and Anoop
                 Gupta",
  title =        "Scaling Parallel Programs for Multiprocessors:
                 Methodology and Examples",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "42--50",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This approach scales all relevant parameters under
                 considerations imposed by the application domain. It
                 leads to different conclusions than the practice of
                 scaling only data set size.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Comput. Syst. Lab., Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "Stony Brook, NY, USA",
  classification = "723.1; 723.2; C6110P (Parallel programming); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems); C7350 (Astronomy and
                 astrophysics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Barnes--Hut hierarchical N-body method; Constant
                 problem-size scaling; Galaxies; Large multiprocessors;
                 Large-scale multiprocessing; Memory-constrained
                 scaling; Multiprocessing programs; Multiprocessing
                 systems; Multiprocessors; Natural sciences computing;
                 Parallel processing systems; Parallel programs;
                 Parallel programs scaling; Simulation; Synchronization
                 frequency; Time-constrained scaling",
  thesaurus =    "Astrophysics computing; Digital simulation; Galaxies;
                 N-body problems; Parallel programming",
}

@Article{Kaufman:1993:VG,
  author =       "Arie Kaufman and Daniel Cohen and Roni Yagel",
  title =        "Volume Graphics",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "51--64",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Just as 2D raster graphics superseded vector graphics,
                 volume graphics has the potential to supersede surface
                 graphics for 3D geometric scene representation,
                 manipulation, and rendering.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., State Univ. of New York, Stony
                 Brook, NY, USA",
  classification = "723.2; C4260 (Computational geometry); C6130B
                 (Graphics techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "3D scene representation; Block operations;
                 Constructive solid geometry modeling; Discreteness;
                 Geometric objects; Hierarchical representation; Imaging
                 techniques; Interactive computer graphics; Internal
                 structures; Irregular voxel sizes; Memory size;
                 Processing time; Sampled data sets; Simulated data
                 sets; Three dimensional computer graphics; Viewpoint
                 independence; Volume buffer; Volume data sets; Volume
                 graphics; Volume visualization",
  thesaurus =    "Computational geometry; Data visualisation; Solid
                 modelling",
}

@Article{Hutchinson:1993:HTG,
  author =       "T. E. Hutchinson",
  title =        "Hot topics; eye gaze computer interfaces: computers
                 that sense eye position on the display",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "65, 67",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Virginia Univ., Charlottesville, VA, USA",
  classification = "C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing);
                 C5540B (Interactive-input devices)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Bright eye phenomenon; Computer display; Eye gaze
                 computer interfaces; Eye position; Eye-interactive
                 computing; High signal-to-noise ratio image; IR face
                 illumination; Light-emitting diode; Ocular point of
                 regard; Pupil; Video camera lens",
  thesaurus =    "Electric sensing devices; Eye; Image processing;
                 Interactive devices; Position measurement; User
                 interfaces",
}

@Article{Jacob:1993:HTC,
  author =       "R. J. K. Jacob",
  title =        "Hot topics: eye-gaze computer interfaces: what you
                 look at is what you get",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "65--66",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "US Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC, USA",
  classification = "C5540B (Interactive-input devices); C6180 (User
                 interfaces)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Communication bandwidth; Eye-gaze computer interfaces;
                 Human-computer interaction; Interaction techniques;
                 Processing stages; Speed; User interface; User's eye
                 movement",
  thesaurus =    "Eye; Interactive devices; User interfaces",
}

@Article{CSNews:1993:CSB,
  author =       "{CS News}",
  title =        "Candidates slate; {Board} report; Bylaws amendments",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "68--??",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRf,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "71--??",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "MS-DOS 6.0; Norton Utilities 7.0.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRf,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "93--??",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Machine that changed the world.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCf,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "96--??",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Repeal Braunl's Law",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:TM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Treasurer's Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "1992 financial results",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Griffeth:1993:GEI,
  author =       "Nancy D. Griffeth and Yow-Jian Lin",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: The Feature-Interaction
                 Problem",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "14--18",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bellcore, Morristown, NJ, USA",
  classification = "B6210 (Telecommunication applications); B6230B
                 (Electronic telephone exchanges); C7410F
                 (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computer systems; Feature-interaction problem; Rapid
                 addition; Telecommunications systems",
  thesaurus =    "Electronic switching systems; Telecommunication
                 networks",
}

@Article{Zave:1993:FIF,
  author =       "Pamela Zave",
  title =        "Feature Interactions and Formal Specifications in
                 Telecommunications",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "20--28, 30",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Rapid evolution of telecommunications technology has
                 resulted in feature interactions, cases in which system
                 behavior as a whole does not satisfy the separate
                 feature specifications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "AT and T Bell Lab., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
  classification = "B6210 (Telecommunication applications); B6230B
                 (Electronic telephone exchanges); C6110B (Software
                 engineering techniques); C7410F (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Complex software systems; Feature-interaction problem;
                 Formal specifications; Glossary; Telecommunications",
  thesaurus =    "Electronic switching systems; Formal specification;
                 Glossaries; Telecommunication networks",
}

@Article{Kuhn:1993:IPS,
  author =       "Richard Kuhn and Patricia Edfors and Victoria Howard
                 and Chuck Caputo and Ted S. Phillips",
  title =        "Improving Public Switched Network Security in an Open
                 Environment",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "32--35",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Recognizing that the public switched network is
                 increasingly vulnerable to hostile users, the federal
                 government has stepped up efforts to maintain the
                 integrity of telecommunications services.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Nat. Inst. of Stand. and Technol., Gaithersburg, MD,
                 USA",
  classification = "B6210L (Computer communications); C5620 (Computer
                 networks and techniques); C6130S (Data security);
                 C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Federal agencies; Government concerns; Hostile users;
                 Open environment; Open system software; Public switched
                 network security; Secure systems; Telecommunications
                 industry; Vulnerabilities",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Open systems; Security of data;
                 Telecommunication networks",
}

@Article{Fekete:1993:FMC,
  author =       "Alan Fekete",
  title =        "Formal Models of Communication Services: {A} Case
                 Study",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "37--47",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Formal methods of specification can play an important
                 role in exploring innovative communications. These
                 precise methods help users understand the different
                 services provided.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sydney Univ., NSW, Australia",
  classification = "B6150M (Protocols); B6210 (Telecommunication
                 applications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Atomic multicast; Communication services; Correctness;
                 Customization; Data communications; Formal model;
                 Input/output automata; Protocols; Service
                 specification; Standardization",
  thesaurus =    "Formal specification; Formal verification; Protocols;
                 Telecommunication services",
}

@Article{Velthuijsen:1993:DAI,
  author =       "Hugo Velthuijsen",
  title =        "Distributed Artificial Intelligence for Runtime
                 Feature-Interaction Resolution",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "48--55",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Some feature interactions should be resolved as they
                 occur instead of during feature design. Distributed
                 artificial intelligence solutions to problems similar
                 to feature interactions can help.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "PTT Res., Leidschendam, Netherlands",
  classification = "B6210 (Telecommunication applications); B6230B
                 (Electronic telephone exchanges); C6170 (Expert
                 systems); C7410F (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Distributed artificial intelligence;
                 Feature-interaction problem; Lodes; Multistage
                 negotiation; Negotiating agents; Runtime
                 feature-interaction resolution; Team-CPS;
                 Telecommunications systems",
  thesaurus =    "Cooperative systems; Electronic switching systems;
                 Telecommunication networks; Telecommunications
                 computing",
}

@Article{Bukhres:1993:IEE,
  author =       "Omran A. Bukhres and Jiansan Chen and Weimin Du and
                 Ahmed K. Elmagarmid and Robert Pezzoli",
  title =        "{InterBase}: An Execution Environment for
                 Heterogeneous Software Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "57--69",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "InterBase integrates preexisting systems over a
                 distributed, autonomous, and heterogeneous environment
                 via a tool-based interface. It supports heterogeneous
                 applications without violating the local autonomy of
                 component systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette,
                 IN, USA",
  classification = "C6115 (Programming support); C6150N (Distributed
                 systems); C6180 (User interfaces)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Component systems; Execution environment;
                 Heterogeneous software resources; Heterogeneous
                 software systems; Homogeneous interface; InterBase;
                 Local autonomy; Multiple global applications;
                 Parallelism; Remote services; Remote system interfaces;
                 Tool-based interface",
  thesaurus =    "Open systems; Programming environments; User
                 interfaces",
}

@Article{Wilmarth:1993:HTC,
  author =       "D. D. Wilmarth",
  title =        "Hot Topics: The compute cluster and other parallel
                 programming models",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "70--72",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sky Comput., Chelmsford, MA, USA",
  classification = "C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Algorithm-level parallelism; Compute cluster; Computer
                 applications; Data-level parallelism; Interconnect
                 topology; Job-level parallelism; Loop-level
                 parallelism; Machine vision; Memory locality; MIMD;
                 MPP; Parallel programming models; Radar; Signal
                 processing; SIMD; Solar; SPMD; Synchronization
                 facilities",
  thesaurus =    "Parallel architectures; Parallel machines; Parallel
                 programming",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Ue,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "73--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Gordon Bell Prize finalists",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:CNg,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "74--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computer Society receives NCR System 3550.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Buckley:1993:SDS,
  author =       "F. J. Buckley",
  title =        "Standards: defining software engineering as a
                 profession",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "76--78",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C0200 (General computer topics); C6110B (Software
                 engineering techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Entry-level requirements; Personal accountability;
                 Profession; Professional consensus; Software
                 engineering; Standards; Technical expertise",
  thesaurus =    "Professional aspects; Software engineering",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRg,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "84--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Object-oriented designs",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRg,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "101--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computer Select, Virtual Reality, and LabTutor.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCg,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "104--??",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Au courant terminology",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Obraczka:1993:IRD,
  author =       "Katia Obraczka and Peter B. Danzig and Shih-Hao Li",
  title =        "{Internet} Resource Discovery Services",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "8--22",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "What do you do when you want to find data in an
                 overwhelming sea of information? The authors help by
                 describing Internet resource discovery services.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Univ. of Southern California,
                 Los Angeles, CA, USA",
  classification = "B6210L (Computer communications); C5620 (Computer
                 networks and techniques); C7210 (Information services
                 and centres); C7250 (Information storage and
                 retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Alex; Archie; Design decisions; Gopher; Indie;
                 Information retrieval; Internet; Knowbot Information
                 Service; Netfind; Nomenclator; Prospero; Resource
                 discovery services; Semantic File Systems; Wide Area
                 Information Servers; World-Wide Web; X.500 directory",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Information retrieval; Information
                 services; Internetworking",
}

@Article{Schwartz:1993:IRD,
  author =       "Michael F. Schwartz",
  title =        "{Internet} Resource Discovery at the {University of
                 Colorado}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "25--35",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Global Internet connectivity offers opportunities for
                 collaboration and information sharing. This article
                 presents systems that help users discover documents,
                 services, and network addresses pertinent to their
                 interests.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO,
                 USA",
  classification = "B6210L (Computer communications); C5620 (Computer
                 networks and techniques); C7210 (Information services
                 and centres)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Global state discovery searches; Internet resource
                 discovery; Network measurement; Networked Resource
                 Discovery project; Privacy; Prototype systems;
                 Simulation; Social issues; System-management",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Information services;
                 Internetworking",
}

@Article{Chai:1993:MDS,
  author =       "Arthur Chai and Sumit Ghosh",
  title =        "Modeling and Distributed Simulation of a
                 {Broadband-ISDN} Network",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "37--51",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Network simulation is often limited to a few nodes. A
                 network of workstations configured as a loosely coupled
                 parallel processor and a distributed algorithm permit
                 simulation of complex networks.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Brown Univ., Providence, RI, USA",
  classification = "B6210M (ISDN); C5620 (Computer networks and
                 techniques); C6185 (Simulation techniques); C7410F
                 (Communications)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Broadband-ISDN network; Communication network
                 simulation; Concurrently executable processors;
                 Distributed simulation; High-speed links; Loosely
                 coupled parallel processor; Modelling; Sun
                 workstations; Traffic models",
  thesaurus =    "B-ISDN; Digital simulation; Telecommunications
                 computing",
}

@Article{Pakstas:1993:CNE,
  author =       "Algirdas Pakstas and Sonata Pakstiene",
  title =        "Computer Networks in {Estonia}, {Latvia}, and
                 {Lithuania}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "53--64",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Although now independent from the erstwhile USSR, the
                 Baltic states lag behind much of the computing world.
                 Yet their connectivity is better than that of many
                 former Soviet republics.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Norwegian Inst. of Technol., Trondheim, Norway",
  classification = "B6210L (Computer communications); C5620 (Computer
                 networks and techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Baltic republics; Communication infrastructure;
                 Computer industry; Electronic networking; Estonia;
                 Fidonet connectivity; Internet country top-level
                 domains; Latvia; Lithuania; UUCP dial-up connections",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks",
}

@Article{Sha:1993:SAD,
  author =       "Lui Sha and Shirish S. Sathaye",
  title =        "A Systematic Approach to Designing Distributed
                 Real-Time Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "68--78",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Distributed real-time system design raises new
                 theoretical and practical issues, beyond those in
                 centralized systems. Generalized rate monotomic
                 scheduling can be used to address these challenging
                 issues.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Software Eng. Inst., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "C5400 (Analogue and digital computers and systems);
                 C5620 (Computer networks and techniques); C6150J
                 (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Architectural requirements; Distributed real-time
                 systems; Generalized rate monotonic scheduling;
                 Maintenance; Scheduling algorithms; System
                 utilization",
  thesaurus =    "Distributed processing; Real-time systems;
                 Scheduling",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:S,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Standards",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "80--??",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "IEEE metric policy",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Satyanarayanan:1993:HTM,
  author =       "M. Satyanarayanan",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Mobile computing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "81--82",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "C0230 (Economic, social and political aspects);
                 C5430 (Microcomputers); C7830 (Home computing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Coda file system; Distributed systems; Mobile
                 computing systems; Transparency of environment",
  thesaurus =    "Personal computing; Portable computers; Social aspects
                 of automation",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:ES,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Election Section",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "83--??",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "IEEE CS candidates' statements and biographies; IEEE
                 president-elect candidates' replies to CS-posed
                 questions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Uf,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "94--??",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Electronic networks",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRh,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "101--??",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "DSP-96; contact-management software.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Cf,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Conferences",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "109--??",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Medical systems",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRh,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "125--??",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "IC Master; Data Desk; AD/Cycle.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCh,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "128--??",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A picture is worth 16,000 bits.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:LEb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Letters to the Editor",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "4--??",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Therac-25",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Sameh:1993:GEI,
  author =       "Ahmed Sameh and John Riganati",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction: Computational Science and
                 Engineering",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Sneak preview of a new magazine premiering in Spring
                 1994.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Woodward:1993:ISV,
  author =       "Paul R. Woodward",
  title =        "Interactive Scientific Visualization of Fluid Flow",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "13--25",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Parallel/Parallel.io.bib",
  abstract =     "Interactive scientific visualization of fluid flow
                 requires vast resources. Massively parallelizable
                 algorithms and networks meet the demands and will
                 enable development of very large high-resolution
                 displays.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Army High Performance Comput. Res. Center, Minnesota
                 Univ.",
  affiliationaddress = "Minneapolis, MN, USA",
  classification = "631.1; 631.2; 723.5; A4710 (General theory,
                 simulation and other computational methods); C6130B
                 (Graphics techniques); C7320 (Physics and Chemistry)",
  comment =      "This paper is interesting for its impressive usage of
                 RAIDs and parallel networks to support scientific
                 visualization. In particular, the proposed Gigawall (a
                 10-foot by 6-foot gigapixel-per-second display) is run
                 by 24 SGI processors and 32 9-disk RAIDs, connected to
                 an MPP of some kind through an ATM switch. 512 GBytes
                 of storage, playable at 450 MBytes per second, for 19
                 minutes of animation.",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keyword =      "parallel I/O architecture, scientific visualization,
                 pario bib",
  keywords =     "Algorithms; Compressible turbulence; Computer
                 applications; Computer simulation; Cray computer; Flow
                 of fluids; Flow simulations; Flow visualization; Fluid
                 dynamics; Fluid flow; Gigapixel-per-second video wall;
                 Gigawall; High resolution displays; Interactive;
                 Interactive 3-D visualization; Interactive steering;
                 Interactive visualization; Rendering; Scientific
                 computation; Scientific visualization",
  thesaurus =    "Data visualisation; Flow simulation; Flow
                 visualisation; Fluid dynamics; Interactive systems;
                 Rendering [computer graphics]",
}

@Article{Tezduyar:1993:PFC,
  author =       "Tayfun Tezduyar and Shahrouz Aliabadi and Marek Behr
                 and Andrew Johnson and Sanjay Mittal",
  title =        "Parallel Finite-Element Computation of {3D} Flows",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "27--36",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computations based on implicit methods and implemented
                 on massively parallel computers provide a. new
                 capability for solving a. large class of practical flow
                 problems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN, USA",
  classification = "631.1; 723.5; 921.6; A4710 (General theory,
                 simulation and other computational methods); C4185
                 (Finite element analysis); C7320 (Physics and
                 Chemistry)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "3D flows; Compressible flows; Computer aided design;
                 Finite element method; Finite-element computation; Flow
                 of fluids; Flow visualization; Fluid-structure
                 interactions; Free surfaces; Incompressible flows;
                 Massively parallel; Mesh update; Moving boundaries;
                 Parallel finite element computation; Remeshing;
                 Software engineering; Three dimensional; Three
                 dimensional flows; Two-liquid interfaces",
  thesaurus =    "Finite element analysis; Fluid dynamics; Parallel
                 processing",
}

@Article{Noor:1993:PCS,
  author =       "Ahmed K. Noor and Samuel L. Venneri",
  title =        "A Perspective on Computational Structures Technology",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "38--46",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computational structures technology--which blends
                 structural modeling with computational
                 methods--revolutionized mechanics, turning theoretical
                 science into practical tools. Todays powerful computers
                 make CST more valuable than ever.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Virginia Univ., VA, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "USA",
  classification = "408.1; 723.5; C7440 (Civil and mechanical
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Aerospace; Calculations; Computational methods;
                 Computational structures technology; Computer
                 applications; Goals; Materials science; Matrix methods;
                 Perspective; Research areas; Software development;
                 Software engineering; Structural design; Structural
                 modeling; Technology",
  thesaurus =    "Structural engineering computing",
}

@Article{Case:1993:CSP,
  author =       "David A. Case",
  title =        "Computer Simulations of Protein Dynamics and
                 Thermodynamics",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "47--57",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The demand for increasingly realistic biomolecular
                 simulations tests the capabilities of current
                 computers. This article describes the computational
                 challenge of modeling even relatively simple proteins
                 like hemoglobin and myoglobin.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Molecular Biol., Scripps Res. Inst., La
                 Jolla, CA, USA",
  classification = "461.2; 723.5; 801.2; 805.1.1; A8715H (Molecular
                 dynamics, molecular probes, molecular pattern
                 recognition); A8716 (Biothermics); C7330 (Biology and
                 medicine)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Biochemical reactions; Biochemistry; Biomedical
                 simulations; Chemical reactions; Computer simulation;
                 Dynamics; Hemoglobin; Molecular oxygen; Myoglobin;
                 Pharmaceutical industry; Protein dynamics; Proteins;
                 Simulation methods; Thermodynamics",
  thesaurus =    "Biology computing; Biothermics; Digital simulation;
                 Macromolecular dynamics; Medical computing; Molecular
                 biophysics; Proteins",
}

@Article{Johnson:1993:CMB,
  author =       "Christopher R. Johnson and Robert S. MacLeod and
                 Michael A. Matheson",
  title =        "Computational Medicine: Bioelectric Field Problems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "59--67",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 16:21:14 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Through computer modeling, biomedical researchers can
                 examine increasingly complex systems that were
                 unapproachable only a. few years ago. Advances in
                 hardware and numerical algorithms have elevated
                 sophistication.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Utah Univ., Salt Lake City, UT,
                 USA",
  classification = "461.1; 723.5; A8728 (Bioelectricity); C7330 (Biology
                 and medicine)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Algorithms; Bioelectric field problems; Bioelectric
                 phenomena; Bioelectric volume conductors; Biomedical
                 engineering; Biomedical research areas; Computational
                 medicine; Computer modeling; Computer simulation;
                 Electric fields; Electrocardiography;
                 Electroencephalography; Human structures; Medical
                 computing; Single cells",
  thesaurus =    "Bioelectric phenomena; Medical computing",
}

@Article{Bamford:1993:SCI,
  author =       "R. C. Bamford and W. J. {Deibler, II}",
  title =        "Standards: Comparing, contrasting {ISO} 9001 and the
                 {SEI} capability maturity model",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "68--70",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Software Syst. Quality Consulting, San Jose, CA, USA",
  classification = "C0310F (Software development management)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Capability maturity model; Carnegie Mellon University;
                 ISO 9000 series; ISO 9001; Software development;
                 Software Engineering Institutes",
  thesaurus =    "Software engineering; Standards",
}

@Article{Weiser:1993:HTU,
  author =       "M. Weiser",
  title =        "Hot topics: ubiquitous computing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "71--72",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 13 16:09:55 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Xerox Corp., Palo Alto, CA, USA",
  classification = "C5430 (Microcomputers); C7104 (Office automation);
                 C7830 (Home computing)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Computing access; Personal computer; Personal
                 computing; Ubiquitous computing; Unobtrusive
                 technology",
  thesaurus =    "Microcomputers; Personal computing; Technological
                 forecasting",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Ug,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "72--??",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Biosphere II; boundary element software.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRi,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "74--??",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "SAFE; Intertools; DSP board; Stop and Go.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRi,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "101--??",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "DA Library; Intelligent Systems; SBus.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCi,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "104--??",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computer literacy; program phases.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Sandhu:1993:LAC,
  author =       "Ravi S. Sandhu",
  title =        "Lattice-Based Access Control Models",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "9--19",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Although developed for the dense sector, lattice-based
                 access controls can be used in most circumstances where
                 information flow is critical. They are a key component
                 of computer security.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Inf. and Software Syst. Eng., George Mason
                 Univ., Fairfax, VA, USA",
  classification = "404.1; 723; 731.1; C0310D (Installation management);
                 C6130S (Data security)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Bell-LaPadula model; Biba model; Chinese Wall policy;
                 Control systems; Defense sector computer security;
                 Duality; Information flow policies; Information systems
                 security; Lattice-based access control models; Military
                 applications; Military information; Military lattice;
                 Security of data",
  thesaurus =    "Authorisation",
}

@Article{Johnson:1993:GSA,
  author =       "Kurtis T. Johnson and A. R. Hurson and Behrooz
                 Shirazi",
  title =        "General-Purpose Systolic Arrays",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "20--31",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Systolic arrays effectively exploit massive
                 parallelism in computationally intensive applications.
                 With advances in VLSI, WSI, and FPGA technologies, they
                 have progressed from fixed-function to general-purpose
                 architectures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA",
  classification = "713; 723; 911.1; B1265B (Logic circuits); C5120
                 (Logic and switching circuits); C5220P (Parallel
                 architecture)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cell granularity; Computationally intensive
                 applications; Computer workstations; Cost accounting;
                 Field-programmable gate array; Fixed-function systems;
                 General-purpose systolic arrays; Hybrid architectures;
                 Massive parallelism; MIMD; Performance attributes;
                 SIMD; System integration; Systolic array architecture;
                 Taxonomy; vlsi circuits; Wafer scale integration",
  thesaurus =    "Logic arrays; Systolic arrays",
}

@Article{Nielsen:1993:IUD,
  author =       "Jakob Nielsen",
  title =        "Iterative User-Interface Design",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "32--41",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Four case studies show that redesigning user
                 interfaces on the basis of user testing iterating
                 through at least three versions--can substantially
                 improve usability.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Bellcore, Morristown, NJ, USA",
  classification = "722.2; 921.6; C6180 (User interfaces)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Design; Iterative methods; Iterative user interface
                 design; Iterative user-interface design; Usability
                 experts; Usability metrics; Usability-evaluation
                 methods; User interfaces; User testing",
  thesaurus =    "User interfaces",
}

@Article{DeBenedictis:1993:EUS,
  author =       "Erik P. DeBenedictis and Stephen C. Johnson",
  title =        "Extending {Unix} for Scalable Computing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "43--53",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database; Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Parallel/Parallel.io.bib",
  abstract =     "Will tomorrow's parallel computer function like
                 today's workstation, only faster? Applying the Unix
                 operating system to a parallel environment may be the
                 answer.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Scalable Computing, Redwood City, CA, USA",
  classification = "723.4; 901; C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C6150J (Operating systems)",
  comment =      "A more polished version of his other papers with del
                 Rosario. The mapping-based mechanism is released in
                 nCUBE software 3.0. It does support shared file
                 pointers for self-scheduled I/O, as well as support for
                 variable-length records, and asynchronous I/O (although
                 the primary mechanism is for synchronous, i.e., SPMD,
                 I/O). The basic idea of scalable pipes (between
                 programs, devices, {\em etc.}) with mappings that
                 determine routings to units seems like a good idea.",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keyword =      "parallel I/O, Unix, pario bib",
  keywords =     "Computer programming; Multicomputer architecture;
                 Ncube-2; Neumann computer architecture; Parallel
                 programming; Scalable computing; Scalable computing
                 Unix extension; System software; Technology; Tflops
                 parallel computer; Unix; Unix operating system",
  thesaurus =    "Multiprocessing systems; Unix",
}

@Article{White:1993:SEC,
  author =       "Stephanie White and Mack Alford and Julian Holtzman
                 and Stephen Kuehl and Brian McCay and D. Oliver and D.
                 Owens and C. Tully and A. Willey",
  title =        "Systems Engineering of Computer-Based Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "54--65",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This working group report defines the need for a.
                 discipline devoted to engineering of computer-based
                 systems, identifies current practice and needed
                 research, and suggests improvements that are achievable
                 today.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IEEE Computer Society Task Force on ECBS, State of
                 Practice Working Group, USA",
  classification = "723.4; 901; 912.2; C6110 (Systems analysis and
                 programming)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer networks; Computer systems; Computer-based
                 systems; Database systems; Documentation; Interfaces;
                 Internal communication systems; Management; Network
                 technology; Process automation; Requirements
                 definition; Systems engineering; Technology",
  thesaurus =    "Systems analysis",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRj,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "66--??",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Insight; Cyrix clock doubler; Foundation Manager.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:CNh,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "76--??",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Cryptographic policy",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Fox:1993:HTD,
  author =       "E. A. Fox",
  title =        "Hot Topics: Digital libraries",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "79--81",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Virginia Polytech. Inst. and
                 State Univ., Blacksburg, VA, USA",
  classification = "C7210L (Library automation); C7250 (Information
                 storage and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Digital libraries; Hypertext; Information processing",
  thesaurus =    "Hypermedia; Library automation",
}

@Article{Leathrum:1993:SIR,
  author =       "James F. Leathrum and Kathleen A. Liburdy",
  title =        "Standards: Impact of the Role of Testing in {Posix} is
                 Expanding",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "81--82",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 14:32:16 1997",
  bibsource =    "Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Cg,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Conferences",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "83--??",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Reverse engineering",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRj,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "101--??",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software engineer's reference book.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCj,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "104--??",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Sculley decision; O-O, or not O-O.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PMb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{President}'s Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "4--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Progress is slow, but \ldots{}",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:EMc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{EIC}'s Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Attention philosophers and practitioners.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Roman:1993:TPV,
  author =       "Gruia-Catalin Roman and Kenneth C. Cox",
  title =        "A Taxonomy of Program Visualization Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "11--24",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A. model of program visualization that maps programs
                 to graphical representations provides a. formal
                 framework for a. new system classification scheme.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Washington Univ., St. Louis,
                 MO, USA",
  classification = "723.1; 723.3; C6110 (Systems analysis and
                 programming); C6115 (Programming support); C6180G
                 (Graphical user interfaces)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer graphics; Computer software; Graphical
                 representations; Pavane; Program taxonomy; Program
                 visualization; Tango; Taxonomy; Visualization;
                 Visualization systems; Zeus",
  thesaurus =    "Data visualisation; Programming environments; Visual
                 programming",
}

@Article{Fuggetta:1993:CCT,
  author =       "Alfonso Fuggetta",
  title =        "A Classification of {CASE} Technology",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "25--38",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The variety of CASE products available today is
                 daunting. This survey provides a. classification to
                 help in assessing products ranging from tools and
                 environments to enabling technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dipartimento di Elettronica e Inf., Politecnico di
                 Milano, Italy",
  classification = "723.1; 903.1; C6110B (Software engineering
                 techniques); C6115 (Programming support)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "case products; case technology; CASE technology;
                 Classification; Classification (of information);
                 Classification schemes; Computer aided software
                 engineering; Continuous updating; Environment;
                 Reference framework; Technology; Tool; Toolset;
                 Workbench",
  thesaurus =    "Software engineering; Software tools",
}

@Article{Kumar:1993:FHS,
  author =       "Sanjaya Kumar and James H. Aylor and Barry W. Johnson
                 and Wm. A. Wulf",
  title =        "A Framework for Hardware\slash Software Codesign",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "39--45",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This article presents several codesign concepts,
                 including a. model for evaluating hardware/software
                 alternatives and an integrated hardware/software model
                 that supports representations at different levels of
                 detail.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Virginia Univ., Charlottesville, VA, USA",
  classification = "722; 723; C5210 (Logic design methods); C6110B
                 (Software engineering techniques); C7430 (Computer
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Codesign exploration; Codesign methodology; Common
                 simulation environment; Computer hardware; Computer
                 software; Computers; Design; Hardware design; Hardware
                 software codesign; Hardware/software codesign;
                 Hardware/software tradeoffs; Interface modification;
                 Model continuity; Software design",
  thesaurus =    "Discrete event simulation; Logic design; Software
                 engineering; Virtual machines",
}

@Article{Wenban:1993:CCP,
  author =       "Alan S. Wenban and John W. O'Leary and Geoffrey M.
                 Brown",
  title =        "Codesign of Communication Protocols",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "46--52",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This article describes a hardware/software codesign
                 process for translating communication protocol
                 specifications written in Promela into implementations
                 consisting of both custom hardware and software.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Electr. Eng., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
  classification = "722.1; 722.4; 723.1; C5210 (Logic design methods);
                 C5640 (Protocols); C6140D (High level languages);
                 C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors);
                 C6155 (Computer communications software)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Alternating bit protocol; Codesign process;
                 Communication; Communication protocols; Computer
                 hardware; Computer software; Computers; Concurrent
                 programming language; Design; Hardware compiler;
                 Hardware software codesign; Network protocols; Promela;
                 Software compiler; Software package Promela",
  thesaurus =    "Logic design; Parallel languages; Program compilers;
                 Protocols",
}

@Article{Clarke:1993:ALR,
  author =       "Roger Clarke",
  title =        "{Asimov's Laws of Robotics}: Implications for
                 {Information Technology}. {Part} 1",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "53--61",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Because many contemporary application of information
                 technology exhibit robotic characteristics, the
                 difficulties Isaac Asimov identified in his stories are
                 directly relevant to information technology
                 professionals.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Commerce, Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra,
                 ACT, Australia",
  classification = "731.5; 901.1; C3390 (Robotics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Asimov's laws; Biographies; Information technology;
                 Isaac Asimov; Laws of robotics; Origins of robotics;
                 Robot motion; Robotic behavior control; Robotics;
                 Science fiction writer",
  thesaurus =    "Path planning; Robots",
}

@Article{Press:1993:SED,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Software Export from Developing Nations",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "62--67",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software export is an attainable goal for developing
                 nations, especially when government policies are
                 favorable. The industrialized nations dominating the
                 worldwide market can expect some serious competition.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Inf. Syst., California State Univ.,
                 Los Angeles, CA, USA",
  classification = "723.1; 911.4; C0230 (Economic, social and political
                 aspects)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Competition; Computer software; Developing countries;
                 Developing nations; Economic factors; Europe; Global
                 market; Government policies; Industrialized nations;
                 Marketing; North America; Political factors; Software
                 export; Worldwide market",
  thesaurus =    "Computer software; Government policies; Technology
                 transfer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:HT,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Hot Topics",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "68--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Changing R and D funding",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:CNi,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "69--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Election results; software safety",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:Ch,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Conferences",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "75--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "HPDC 2; real-time applications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:PRk,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "86--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "MS-Windows NT; C++ compiler.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:MRk,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "99--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Practical software metrics; RISC/CISC.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:OCk,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "128--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Origins of computer species",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:PMa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{President}'s Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Welcome to 1994",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Sha:1994:GEI,
  author =       "Lui Sha",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: Industrial Computing: {A}
                 Grand Challenge",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "12--13",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "723.5; 912.2; 912.3; 913.1; C0230 (Economic, social
                 and political aspects); C7160 (Manufacturing and
                 industry)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Competitiveness; Computer applications; Engineering
                 procedures; Fault-tolerant; Grand Challenge; Grand
                 projects; High-speed transportation; Industrial
                 computing; Industrial management; Operations research;
                 Practitioner needs; Production engineering; Real-time",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing; Manufacturing data
                 processing; Real-time systems; Technological
                 forecasting",
}

@Article{Kopetz:1994:TPF,
  author =       "Hermann Kopetz and Gunter Grunsteidl",
  title =        "{TTP} --- a protocol for fault-tolerant real-time
                 systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "14--23",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The time-triggered protocol integrates such services
                 as predictable message transmission, clock
                 synchronization, membership, mode change, and blackout
                 handling. It also supports replicated nodes and
                 replicated communication channels.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Technical Univ of Vienna, Vienna, Austria",
  classification = "716.1; 721.1; 721.2; 722.3; C5470 (Performance
                 evaluation and testing); C5640 (Protocols)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Blackout handling; Clock synchronization; Computer
                 architecture; Control applications; Data communication
                 systems; Fault hypothesis; Fault tolerant computer
                 systems; Fault-tolerant; Interfaces (computer);
                 Membership; Mode change; Network protocols; Predictable
                 message transmission; Protocol; Protocol integration;
                 Real time systems; Real-time systems; Time triggering;
                 Time-Triggered Protocol; TTP",
  thesaurus =    "Fault tolerant computing; Protocols; Real-time
                 systems",
}

@Article{Klein:1994:RAR,
  author =       "Mark H. Klein and John P. Lehoczky and Ragunathan
                 Rajkumar",
  title =        "Rate-Monotonic Analysis for Real-Time Industrial
                 Computing",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "24--33",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Rate-monotonic analysis, a collection of quantitative
                 methods, provides a basis for designing, understanding,
                 and analyzing the timing behavior of real-time
                 industrial computing systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "722.4; 913.4.2; C1290F (Industry); C7160
                 (Manufacturing and industry); C7480 (Production
                 engineering)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer aided manufacturing; Industrial computing;
                 Interactive computer systems; Online systems;
                 Predictability; Processor speeds; Rate monotonic
                 analysis; Rate-monotonic analysis; Real time systems;
                 Real-time; Resource management; Robotics; Scheduling;
                 Timing behavior; Timing requirements",
  thesaurus =    "Industrial computer control; Production engineering
                 computing; Real-time systems; Resource allocation;
                 Scheduling",
}

@Article{Malcolm:1994:TPR,
  author =       "Nicholas Malcolm and Wei Zhao",
  title =        "The Timed-Token Protocol for Real-Time
                 Communications",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--41",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Real-time applications have stringent timing
                 requirements. The timed-token protocol guards against
                 timing failures by guaranteeing synchronous bandwidth
                 regardless of the behaviour of asynchronous messages.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX, USA",
  classification = "721.1; 723.2; B6150M (Protocols); B6210L (Computer
                 communications); C5620L (Local area networks); C5640
                 (Protocols)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Asynchronous messages; Data highways; FDDI; Network
                 protocols; Network standards; Online systems; Real time
                 systems; Real-time communications; Safenet; Synchronous
                 bandwidth; Synchronous messages; Timed protocols;
                 Timed-token protocol; Token bus; Token-passing
                 protocol",
  thesaurus =    "Protocols; Real-time systems; Token networks",
}

@Article{Woo:1994:CC,
  author =       "Nam-Sung S. Woo and Alfred E. Dunlop and Wayne Wolf",
  title =        "Codesign from Cospecification",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "42--47",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors use unbiased functional specifications to
                 investigate the possibility of automatic repartitioning
                 during codesign.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "AT and T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
  classification = "721.2; 723.1.1; 723.2; C5210 (Logic design methods);
                 C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6110B
                 (Software engineering techniques); C6140D (High level
                 languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Automated partitioning; Codesign; Computer
                 architecture; Computer programming; Cospecification;
                 Data processing; Design methodology; Hardware; Logic
                 design; Object oriented programming; Object-oriented;
                 Object-Oriented Functional Specifications; OOFS; Packet
                 manipulation; Prototype codesign specification
                 language; Software",
  thesaurus =    "Logic design; Object-oriented methods; Software
                 engineering; Specification languages",
}

@Article{Gupta:1994:PIS,
  author =       "Rajesh K. Gupta and N. Coelho {Claudionor, Jr.} and
                 Giovanni {De Micheli}",
  title =        "Program Implementation Schemes for Hardware-Software
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--55",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 04 07:00:48 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This article's analysis of mixed systems' performance
                 demonstrates the robustness of codesign practices.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Univ of Illinois",
  affiliationaddress = "Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
  classification = "721.1; 723.1; C6110B (Software engineering
                 techniques); C6140D (High level languages)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Application-specific; asic synthesis; Computer aided
                 design methods; Computer architecture; Computer
                 programming; Cosynthesis; Data-dependent decisions;
                 Embedded applications; External synchronization;
                 Hardware; Hardware description language;
                 Hardware-software systems; Interactive computer
                 systems; Predesigned reprogrammable components;
                 Reprogrammable processors; System behavior",
  thesaurus =    "CAD; Software tools; Specification languages",
}

@Article{Clarke:1994:ALR,
  author =       "Roger Clarke",
  title =        "{Asimov's Laws of Robotics}: Implications for
                 {Information Technology}. {Part} 2",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "57--66",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Can a set of laws or rules reliably constrain the
                 behaviour of intelligent machines? Inadequacies in
                 Asimov's laws suggest maybe not.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Nat. Australian Univ., Canberra, ACT, Australia",
  classification = "723.4; 731.5; C0130 (Economic, social and political
                 aspects); C0230 (Economic, social and political
                 aspects); C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C3390
                 (Robotics)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Artificial intelligence; Human control; Information
                 technologists; Information technology; Information
                 theory; Intelligent machines; Intelligent robots; Isaac
                 Asimov; Law of robotics; Laws of Robotics; Robot
                 behavior; Roboticists; Robotics",
  thesaurus =    "Robots; Social aspects of automation",
}

@Article{Karp:1994:GBP,
  author =       "Alan H. Karp and Don Heller and Horst Simon",
  title =        "1993 {Gordon Bell Prize} Winners",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "69--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Records were shattered and the number of entries
                 nearly doubled in this year's Gordon Bell Prize
                 competition.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:CNa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "IEEE fellows; CS awards",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:Ua,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "79--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Robot roundup",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:HTa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Hot Topics",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Information networking",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:PRa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "85--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "C++ compilers",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:Ca,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Conferences",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "97--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Supercomputing; software reliability; ITC.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:MRa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "125--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "X Window guide",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:OCa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "128--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "New Year's resolutions",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:PMb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{President}'s Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "5--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The practicing professional.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:EMa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Editor-in-Chief's Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "1994 resembles 1984.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Lilja:1994:EPA,
  author =       "David J. Lilja",
  title =        "Exploiting the Parallelism Available in Loops",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "13--26",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Because a. loop's body often executes many times,
                 loops provide a. rich opportunity for exploiting
                 parallelism. This article explains scheduling
                 techniques and compares results on different
                 architectures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng., Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis,
                 MN, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "Minneapolis, MN, USA",
  classification = "723; C6110P (Parallel programming); C6150C
                 (Compilers, interpreters and other processors); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Compilation techniques; Computer system improvements;
                 Concurrent execution; Critical dependence ratio;
                 Instruction scheduling constraints; Loops; Memory
                 latencies; Parallel architectures; Parallel processing
                 systems; Parallelism; Scheduling techniques;
                 Synchronization overhead",
  thesaurus =    "Parallel architectures; Parallel programming; Program
                 compilers; Scheduling",
}

@Article{Tanir:1994:DRS,
  author =       "Oryal Tanir and Suleyman Sevinc",
  title =        "Defining Requirements for a Standard Simulation
                 Environment",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "28--34",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A simulation environment combines the many elements of
                 simulation into one powerful tool. A standard based on
                 a reference model would benefit users and researchers
                 alike.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Quality Eng. and Res., Bell Canada, Longueuil, Que.,
                 Canada",
  affiliationaddress = "Longueuil, Que, Can",
  classification = "723; 902.1; C6115 (Programming support); C6185
                 (Simulation techniques)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer simulation languages; Functional layers;
                 General-purpose discrete-event simulation environments;
                 Reference model; Simulation languages; Standard
                 simulation environment; Standards",
  thesaurus =    "Discrete event simulation; Software tools; Standards",
}

@Article{Shere:1994:MDT,
  author =       "Kenneth D. Shere and Rachelle A. Carlson",
  title =        "A Methodology for Design, Test, and Evaluation of
                 Real-Time Systems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "35--48",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This methodology can reduce project costs and shorten
                 schedules because it requires performance evaluation
                 and integration testing early, when problems are
                 generally easier and less costly to correct.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Systems Technology Group Inc",
  affiliationaddress = "Potomac, MD, USA",
  classification = "601; 911; C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing); C6110B (Software engineering techniques);
                 C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating
                 systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Component-reuse approach; Developmental testing;
                 Economics; Evaluation environment; Integration testing;
                 Interferometer system; Life cycle testing; Operational
                 testing; Performance evaluation; Product design;
                 Project cost reduction; Prototyping approach; Real-time
                 systems; Sensor systems; Space-borne navigation
                 system",
  thesaurus =    "Computerised navigation; Interferometers; Performance
                 evaluation; Program testing; Real-time systems;
                 Software prototyping; Software reusability",
}

@Article{Baratta-Perez:1994:ASD,
  author =       "Grace Baratta-Perez and Richard L. Conn and Charles A.
                 Finnell and Thomas J. Walsh",
  title =        "{Ada System Dependency Analyzer} tool",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "49--55",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Although strongly typed languages like Ada promoter
                 extensibility and reusability, they sometimes add to
                 architectural complexity. Hence, the need for tools to
                 identify software dependencies and portability risks.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Software Eng. Center, Mitre Corp., Eatontown, NJ,
                 USA",
  affiliationaddress = "Eatontown, NJ, USA",
  classification = "723; C6115 (Programming support); C6150G
                 (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating
                 systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Ada (programming language); Ada reusability; Ada
                 System Dependency Analyzer tool; Ada systems dependency
                 analyzer (SDA); Automated tools; C; C++; Cobol;
                 Commercial off the shell software; Commercial
                 off-the-shelf software; Compilers; Computer software;
                 Configuration management tools; COTS products;
                 Operating systems; PL/I; Quantitative snapshot;
                 Reliability; Software architecture; Software
                 architecture analysis tool; Software engineering;
                 Software maintenance; Software portability; Software
                 visibility; Source code dependencies; X Window System",
  thesaurus =    "Ada; Software maintenance; Software portability;
                 Software reliability; Software tools; System
                 monitoring",
}

@Article{Buckley:1994:ISC,
  author =       "Fletcher J. Buckley",
  title =        "Implementing a Software Configuration Management
                 Environment",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "56--61",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software configuration management tools aid in the
                 ongoing battle of large software system maintenance.
                 This article describes some automated CM tools for
                 software systems spanning diverse computer platforms.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Martin Marietta's Government Electric",
  affiliationaddress = "Moorestown, NJ, USA",
  classification = "723; C0310F (Software development management); C6115
                 (Programming support)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Client-server environment; CM tools; Computer
                 software; Integrated project support environment;
                 Software configuration management; Software
                 configuration management environment; Software
                 development environments; Software engineering; Version
                 control",
  thesaurus =    "Configuration management; Project support
                 environments",
}

@Article{Biermann:1994:CSM,
  author =       "Alan W. Biermann",
  title =        "Computer Science for the Many",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "62--73",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Do traditional computer literacy courses meet the
                 needs of nontechnical students? Here's a course that is
                 accessible to nonmajors and provides a deeper
                 understanding of the field.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "Durham, NC, USA",
  classification = "722; 723.4; 901; C0220 (Education and training)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Animated simulations; Artificial intelligence;
                 Computational intractability; Computer hardware;
                 Computer literacy; Computer science; Computer science
                 education; Noncomputability; Parallel architectures;
                 Programming; Teaching; Teaching methods",
  thesaurus =    "Computer literacy; Computer science; Educational
                 courses",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:HTb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Hot Topics",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "76--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Networking issues for television.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:Sa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Standards",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Four recommendations; one challenge.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:CNb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{CS} News",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "82--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "European office expansion; election timetable.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:Ub,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Update",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "84--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "T. J. Watson, Jr. dies; supercomputing in Japan.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:PRb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "92--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "More compilers",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:MRb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Media Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "117--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "User interface strategies",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:OCb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Open Channel",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "120--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Natural talent for computing",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:PMc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{President}'s Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "5--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Fellow nominations",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:EMb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Editor-in-Chief's Message",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Reviewers",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:HTc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Hot Topics",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "10--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "On-line software quality improvement.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Patt:1994:GEI,
  author =       "Yale N. Patt",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: The {I/O} Subsystem ---
                 {A} Candidate for Improvement",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "14--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Patt:1994:ISC,
  author =       "Y. N. Patt",
  title =        "The {I/O} subsystem-a candidate for improvement",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "15--16",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., Michigan
                 Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
  classification = "C5500 (Computer peripheral equipment); C6150J
                 (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  keywords =     "Hardware; I/O subsystem; Information availability;
                 Input output subsystem; Networks; Performance;
                 Software; Storage devices",
  thesaurus =    "Computer peripheral equipment; Input-output programs;
                 Operating systems [computers]; Performance evaluation",
}

@Article{Ruemmler:1994:IDD,
  author =       "Chris Ruemmler and John Wilkes",
  title =        "An Introduction to Disk Drive Modeling",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "17--28",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Much research in I/O systems is based on disk drive
                 simulation models, but how good are they? An accurate
                 simulation model should emphasize the
                 performance-critical areas.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Hewlett--Packard Labs",
  affiliationaddress = "Palo Alto, CA, USA",
  classification = "723; C5320C (Storage on moving magnetic media)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Accuracy; Calibration; Computers; Disk drive modeling;
                 Disk drive performance components; Disk storage
                 densities; Disk system performance; Effort; Error
                 factor; Hard disk storage; High-quality disk drive
                 model; I/O performance; Input output systems; Magnetic
                 storage; Modeling assumptions; Modern disk drive
                 characteristics; Simulation models",
  thesaurus =    "Calibration; Magnetic disc storage; Simulation",
}

@Article{Ganger:1994:DAH,
  author =       "Gregory R. Ganger and Bruce L. Worthington and Robert
                 Y. Hou and Yale N. Patt",
  title =        "Disk Arrays: High-Performance, High-Reliability
                 Storage Subsystems",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "30--36",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Disk arrays are an essential tool for satisfying
                 storage performance and reliability requirements.
                 Proper selection of a data organization can tailor an
                 array to a particular environment.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., Michigan
                 Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
  classification = "723; 913; C5310 (Storage system design); C5320C
                 (Storage on moving magnetic media); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Array data organizations; Data distribution schemes;
                 Disk arrays; Hard disk storage; High performance; High
                 performance high reliability storage subsystems; High
                 reliability storage subsystems; Magnetic storage;
                 Multiple disk drives; Redundancy mechanisms; Storage
                 subsystem performance; Storage subsystem reliability",
  thesaurus =    "File organisation; Magnetic disc storage; Redundancy;
                 Reliability",
}

@Article{Karedla:1994:CSI,
  author =       "Ramakrishna Karedla and J. Spencer Love and Bradley G.
                 Wherry",
  title =        "Caching Strategies to Improve Disk System
                 Performance",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "38--46",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Caching can help to alleviate I/O subsystem
                 bottlenecks caused by mechanical latencies. This
                 article describes a. caching strategy that offers the
                 performance of caches twice its size.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Digital Equipment Corp., Shrewsbury, MA, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "Shrewsburry, MA, USA",
  classification = "723; C5320C (Storage on moving magnetic media)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Cache replacement algorithms; Caching strategies;
                 Computer system hierarchy; Data throughput; Disk
                 rotation speeds; Disk system performance;
                 Frequency-based variation; Hard disk storage; I/O bus
                 speed; I/O subsystem; Intelligent disk scheduling
                 algorithms; Latency; Least recently used algorithm;
                 Main memory density doubling; Mechanical latencies;
                 Processor speeds; Random replacement; Segmented LRU;
                 Solid-state disks; System response time",
  thesaurus =    "Buffer storage; Magnetic disc storage; Performance
                 evaluation",
}

@Article{Steenkiste:1994:SAH,
  author =       "Peter A. Steenkiste",
  title =        "A Systematic Approach to Host Interface Design for
                 High-Speed Networks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "47--57",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The throughput of high-speed network is often limited
                 by the end-system. Software and hardware optimization
                 can reduce system bottlenecks and improve network
                 performance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "Pittburgh, PA, USA",
  classification = "723; 741; 921.5; B6150M (Protocols); B6210L
                 (Computer communications); C5610N (Network interfaces);
                 C5640 (Protocols); C5670 (Network performance); C5690
                 (Other data communication equipment and techniques);
                 C6155 (Computer communications software)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "API; Application programming interface;
                 Application-level latency; Communication overhead;
                 Communication performance; Communication protocols;
                 Computer networks; Computer software; End-systems;
                 Fiber optics; Hardware support; High-speed networks;
                 Host interface design; Host-interface design;
                 Input-Output bus; Network adapter; Network interface
                 hardware architecture; Network throughput; Optical
                 fiber; Optimization; Performance considerations;
                 Software optimizations; Software overhead; Systematic
                 approach",
  thesaurus =    "Computer communications software; Network interfaces;
                 Performance evaluation; Protocols",
}

@Article{delRosario:1994:HPO,
  author =       "Juan Miguel {del Rosario} and Alok N. Choudhary",
  title =        "High-performance {I/O} for massively parallel
                 computers: problems and prospects",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "59--68",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib;
                 Parallel/Parallel.io.bib",
  abstract =     "The effectiveness of teraflops parallel computers for
                 solving many Grand Challenge and other large problems
                 will be severely limited unless I/O support and
                 performance are drastically improved.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Syracuse Univ., NY,
                 USA",
  affiliationaddress = "Syracuse, NY, USA",
  classification = "714; 723; B6210L (Computer communications); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C5620
                 (Computer networks and techniques); C6110P (Parallel
                 programming); C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  comment =      "Nice summary of grand-challenge and other
                 applications, and their I/O needs. Points out the need
                 for quantitative studies of workloads. Comments on
                 architectures, eg, the advent of per-node disk devices.
                 OS problems include communication latency, data
                 decomposition, interface, prefetching and caching, and
                 checkpointing. Runtime system and compilers are
                 important, particularly in reference to data-mapping
                 and re-mapping (see delrosario:two-phase). Persistent
                 object stores and networking are mentioned briefly.",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keyword =      "parallel I/O, survey, pario bib",
  keywords =     "Access patterns; Compilers; Efficient computation
                 machines; File systems; Floating-point operations per
                 second; Hardware technology; High-performance I/O;
                 High-performance storage systems; High-speed
                 networking; I/O infrastructure; Input output programs;
                 Integrated circuit technology; Language interfaces;
                 Massive parallel processing; Massively parallel
                 computers; Networking technology; Operating systems;
                 Parallel I/O problem; Parallel processing systems;
                 Powerful supercomputers; Resource-management
                 approaches; Runtime system; Semiconductor devices;
                 Teraflops barrier; Teraflops parallel computers;
                 Visualization systems",
  thesaurus =    "Computer networks; Input-output programs; Network
                 operating systems; Parallel machines; Parallel
                 programming",
  xxnote =       "Volume missing from U of Utah library.",
  xxtitle =      "High Performance {I/O} for Parallel Computers:
                 Problems and Prospects",
}

@Article{Reddy:1994:OIM,
  author =       "A. L. Narasimha Reddy and James C. Wyllie",
  title =        "{I/O} issues in a multimedia system",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "69--74",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "With disk-scheduling deadlines set longer than request
                 periods, a multimedia server can support more data
                 streams and efficiently use multiple disks on a SCSI
                 bus.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "IBM Almaden Research Cent",
  affiliationaddress = "San Jose, CA, USA",
  classification = "723; C5610P (Peripheral interfaces); C5690 (Other
                 data communication equipment and techniques); C6150J
                 (Operating systems); C6150N (Distributed systems);
                 C6160S (Spatial and pictorial databases); C7250
                 (Information storage and retrieval)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Computer system design; Computers; Constant data rate;
                 Continuous media; Data transfer; Deferred deadlines;
                 Disk scheduling; Disk scheduling deadlines; Earliest
                 deadline first; Earliest deadline first (edf); Hard
                 disk storage; I/O issues; Input output programs; Least
                 slack time first; Local area network; Multimedia
                 computing; Multimedia input output systems; Multimedia
                 server; Multimedia system; Playback applications;
                 Processor scheduling; Real-time demands; Real-time I/O
                 throughput; Real-time request; Scheduling policies;
                 SCSI bus; SCSI bus contention; Service phases; Small
                 computer systems interface bus; System demands",
  thesaurus =    "Buffer storage; File servers; Input-output programs;
                 Multimedia systems; Peripheral interfaces; Real-time
                 systems; Scheduling",
}

@Article{Krieger:1994:ASF,
  author =       "Orran Krieger and Michael Stumm and Ron Unrau",
  title =        "The {Alloc Stream Facility}: {A} Redesign of
                 Application-Level Stream {I/O}",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "75--82",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Many stdio and even Unix I/O applications run faster
                 when linked to the ASF application-level library. Using
                 the Alloc Stream Interface improves performance even
                 more.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Toronto Univ.,
                 Ont., Canada",
  affiliationaddress = "Toronto, Can",
  classification = "723; C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming); C6150J (Operating systems)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Alloc Stream Facility; Alloc stream interface;
                 Application-level I/O facility; Application-level
                 library; Application-level stream I/O; ASF; C stdio
                 library; C++ stream I/O; Computer operating systems;
                 Concurrency; I/O-intensive applications; Input output
                 programs; Mapped files; Multithreaded applications;
                 Object-oriented structure; Parallel applications;
                 Parallel systems; Performance improvements; Popular I/O
                 interfaces; Sequential byte stream; Standard Unix
                 systems; Stdio; System behavior; unix",
  thesaurus =    "Input-output programs; Object-oriented methods;
                 Parallel programming; Unix",
}

@Article{Pasquale:1994:CSO,
  author =       "Joseph Pasquale and Eric Anderson and P. Keith
                 Muller",
  title =        "Container Shipping: Operating System Support for
                 {I/O}-Intensive Applications",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "84--93",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 07:28:57 MST 1997",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Container shipping for interdomain transfers involves
                 no physical copying. Its cost is proportional to the
                 amount of data actually accessed, often a fraction of
                 the data transferred.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "Dept. of Comput. Sci. and Eng., California Univ., San
                 Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA",
  affiliationaddress = "La Jolla, CA, USA",
  classification = "723; B6210 (Telecommunication applications); C6130E
                 (Data interchange); C6150J (Operating systems); C6160S
                 (Spatial and pictorial databases)",
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
  journalabr =   "Computer",
  keywords =     "Bus technology; Container shipping; Continual
                 improvements; Data rates; Desktop computing; Dynamic
                 computation structure; High-capacity storage devices;
                 High-speed network communication devices;
                 Human-interaction devices; I/O devices; I/O-intensive
                 applications; I/O-pipeline model; Input domain; Input
                 output programs; Interdomain transfer container
                 shipping; Intermediate domains; Multimedia computing;
                 Operating system inter-domain data-transfer facility;
                 Operating system support; Output domain; Personal
                 computers; Video capture",
  thesaurus =    "Electronic data interchange; Input-output programs;
                 Multimedia systems; Operating systems [computers]",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:PRc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Product Reviews",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "97--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Expert systems; voice recognition.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:Fa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Frameworks",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "104--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A forum for fitting the task",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/computer",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:Sb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Standards",
  journal =      j-COMPUTER,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "110--??",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "CPTRB4",
  ISSN =         "0018-9162 (print), 1558-0814 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9162",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 14 16:20:44 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/computer1990.bib",
  abstract =     "ISO 9000 certification",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer",
  jo