Valid HTML 4.0! Valid CSS!
%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "1.00",
%%%     date            = "20 January 2020",
%%%     time            = "16:11:03 MST",
%%%     filename        = "ieeespectrum1990.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "43760 43044 158606 1776281",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "bibliography; BibTeX; IEEE Spectrum",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a COMPETE bibliography of IEEE
%%%                        Spectrum (CODEN IEESAM, ISSN 0018-9235
%%%                        (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)) for the
%%%                        decade 1990--1999.  The journal is published
%%%                        by IEEE.  Publication began with volume 1,
%%%                        number 1, in 1964, and the journal appears
%%%                        monthly.  There are companion files named
%%%                        ieeespectrumYYY0.bib covering other decades.
%%%
%%%                        The journal was a Web site at
%%%
%%%                            http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6
%%%
%%%                        At version 1.00, the COMPLETE year coverage
%%%                        looked like this:
%%%
%%%                             1990 ( 109)    1994 (  96)    1998 ( 272)
%%%                             1991 (  72)    1995 (  96)    1999 ( 272)
%%%                             1992 ( 107)    1996 ( 313)
%%%                             1993 (  96)    1997 ( 284)
%%%
%%%                             Article:       1717
%%%
%%%                             Total entries: 1717
%%%
%%%                        Data for this bibliography have been
%%%                        collected primarily from the publisher Web
%%%                        site, with contributions from entries in the
%%%                        TeX User Group and BibNet Project
%%%                        bibliography archives.  Data for Volume 32
%%%                        number 12, December 1995 are missing from the
%%%                        publisher site, but metadata for the missing
%%%                        articles have been recovered from the Web of
%%%                        Science database and included in BibTeX form
%%%                        in this file.
%%%
%%%                        Several comments on the IEEE Xplore metadata
%%%                        for IEEE Spectrum are required:
%%%
%%%                        (1) Personal names of authors are abbreviated
%%%                            to initial, even though the articles
%%%                            generally have full names.
%%%
%%%                        (2) Data quality is poor, with many spelling,
%%%                            punctuation, and lettercase errors.
%%%
%%%                        (3) Page data include only initial and final
%%%                            page numbers, but articles are often
%%%                            interleaved, so the difference in numbers
%%%                            does not predict the page count.  That
%%%                            also means that searches for missing
%%%                            articles via a page gap analysis are not
%%%                            practical.
%%%
%%%                        (4) About half articles have no author name,
%%%                            which we record as Anonymous.  That
%%%                            is true for the many short items, but
%%%                            there are published articles with proper
%%%                            author credits that are lost in the
%%%                            metadata.
%%%
%%%                        (5) Attempts to recover correct author names
%%%                            via DOI lookup fail: it appears that
%%%                            DOI data were derived from the deficient
%%%                            metadata.
%%%
%%%                        (6) The journal Web site contains online
%%%                            news articles that do not appear in the
%%%                            published journal.  I have no current way
%%%                            to record those articles, and it is
%%%                            unclear whether their URLs will remain
%%%                            accessible in the future.
%%%
%%%                        Numerous errors in the sources noted above
%%%                        have been corrected.   Spelling has been
%%%                        verified with the UNIX spell and GNU ispell
%%%                        programs using the exception dictionary
%%%                        stored in the companion file with extension
%%%                        .sok.
%%%
%%%                        BibTeX citation tags are uniformly chosen
%%%                        as name:year:abbrev, where name is the
%%%                        family name of the first author or editor,
%%%                        year is a 4-digit number, and abbrev is a
%%%                        3-letter condensation of important title
%%%                        words. Citation tags were automatically
%%%                        generated by software developed for the
%%%                        BibNet Project.
%%%
%%%                        In this bibliography, entries are sorted in
%%%                        publication order, using ``bibsort -byvolume''.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================
@Preamble{
    "\hyphenation{ }" #
    "\ifx \undefined \booktitle \def \booktitle #1{{{\em #1}}} \fi" #
    "\ifx \undefined \k         \let \k = \c \fi"
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:
@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:
@String{j-IEEE-SPECTRUM         = "IEEE Spectrum"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries, in publication order:
@Article{Bell:1990:TME,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Technology '90: the main event ({Voyager 2} project)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "28--29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45050",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace engineering; Brightness; Cameras; cameras;
                 computers; Earth; failure; Filters; Jamming; Jupiter;
                 Neptune; prime receiver; resolution; Saturn; Software
                 testing; space research; space vehicles; Space
                 vehicles; Sun; tracking-loop capacitor; Voyager 2",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1990:TMM,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Technology '90: minis and mainframes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--34",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45051",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Clocks; Computer industry; Control Data; Copper;
                 Cyclones; DEC computers; developments; Dielectric
                 substrates; Digital Equipment Corporation; Integrated
                 circuit packaging; Logic arrays; mainframes;
                 minicomputers; Plastics; Reduced instruction set
                 computing; supercomputer industry; Supercomputers;
                 superminicomputer; Tandem Computers; USA",
}

@Article{Stix:1990:TDC,
  author =       "Gary Stix",
  title =        "Technology '90: data communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--37",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45052",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "100 Mbit/s; Communication system control;
                 Communications technology; Control systems; Data
                 communication; data communication systems; data
                 communications; developments; FDDI; fiber distributed
                 data interface; high-speed networking; Internet
                 Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol; IP
                 networks; LAN interconnection; local area networks;
                 Open systems; open systems; open systems
                 interconnection; optical communication equipment;
                 optical fiber LAN; Optical fiber LAN; optical fibres;
                 optical links; OSI; Protocols; protocols",
}

@Article{Murphy:1990:TSS,
  author =       "E. E. Murphy and J. Voelcker",
  title =        "Technology '90: systems software",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "38--40",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45053",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/postscri.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/typeset.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/unix.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Apple Computer; Apple computers; Apple LaserWriter;
                 Application software; AT&T/Sun Microsystem; computer
                 crime; desktop publishing; developments; Glass;
                 Graphical user interfaces; IBM; IBM computers; Image
                 databases; Mice; microcomputer applications; Microsoft;
                 Object oriented programming; Operating systems;
                 operating systems (computers); OS/2; PostScript;
                 Programming profession; Relational databases; reviews;
                 System software; systems software; Unix; viruses",
}

@Article{Santo:1990:TSS,
  author =       "B. Santo and K. T. Chen",
  title =        "Technology '90: solid state (semiconductor storage)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "41--43",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45054",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "BiCMOS integrated circuits; BiCMOS static RAMs; BIMOS
                 integrated circuits; developments; dynamic RAMs; EPROM;
                 Flash memory; integrated logic circuits; integrated
                 memory circuits; Logic; logic chips; memory chips;
                 Memory management; packaging; Production; Random access
                 memory; random-access storage; Robots; semiconductor
                 storage; Solid state circuits; Sputter etching;
                 transistor",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1990:TPE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Technology '90: power and energy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "44--46",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45055",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "air pollution control; air pollution detection and
                 control; alternative-energy sources; Cement industry;
                 Cities and towns; clean air legislation; computerised
                 monitoring; Concrete; Corporate acquisitions; Costs;
                 electric utility; electricity supply industry; energy
                 resources; hydroelectric power plants; hydroelectric
                 power stations; Ice; interconnected high-voltage
                 transmission networks; Legislation; Monitoring;
                 Pollution; power system computer control; power system
                 interconnection; Proposals; renewable energy resources;
                 transmission networks; USA",
}

@Article{Murphy:1990:TT,
  author =       "E. E. Murphy",
  title =        "Technology '90: transportation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "47--48",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45056",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AC motors; AC traction; advanced train-control system;
                 air traffic computer control; air-traffic computer
                 control system; aircraft; ARTS 3; ATCS; Australia;
                 Automated Radar Terminal Systems; Brushes; Control
                 systems; DC motors; Electrical capacitance tomography;
                 English Channel tunnel; Europe; France; rail traffic;
                 rail traffic control; Rail transportation; railways;
                 Testing; TGV Atlantique; traction; Traction motors;
                 transportation; UK; USA",
}

@Article{Adam:1990:TAM,
  author =       "J. A. Adam and K. Esch",
  title =        "Technology '90; aerospace and military",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--51",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45057",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace; Aerospace materials; Arm; artificial
                 satellites; background radiation; Big Bang theory;
                 Cosmic Background Explorer; developments; Europe;
                 Galileo; Geoscience; Jupiter; Magellan spacecraft;
                 Military aerospace; military equipment; radar; Radar;
                 space research; space science; Space Shuttle; Space
                 shuttles; Space technology; Space vehicles;
                 surveillance; Venus",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1990:TME,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Technology '90: medical electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--54",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45058",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Angiography; Biomagnetics; biomedical electronics;
                 Biomedical imaging; biomedical measurement; biomedical
                 NMR; Computed tomography; electrical stimulation; Image
                 resolution; intestines; laser applications in medicine;
                 laser welding; magnetic field; Magnetic field
                 measurement; Magnetic resonance imaging; magnetic
                 stimulation; Medical diagnostic imaging; medical
                 electronics; Pulse measurements; technological
                 developments; three-dimensional magnetic resonance
                 imaging; X-ray imaging",
}

@Article{Voelcker:1990:APW,
  author =       "J. Voelcker",
  title =        "{Applications '90}: {PCs} and workstations",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "24--27",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45072",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "16 MHz; AD 1989; Application software; Computer
                 architecture; Costs; Graphical user interfaces; Intel
                 386SX processor; Intel 80486 processor; Macintosh
                 computers; Marketing and sales; microcomputers;
                 multimedia desktop computers; multiprocessing PC; PCs;
                 Personal communication networks; personal computers;
                 Portable computers; reduced instruction set computing;
                 Reduced instruction set computing;
                 reduced-instruction-set computer; RISC workstations;
                 Sun; workstations; Workstations; X window display
                 terminals",
}

@Article{Voelcker:1990:AP,
  author =       "J. Voelcker",
  title =        "{Applications '90}: peripherals",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "28--30",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45073",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1989; Application software; BaFe/sub 12/O/sub 19/
                 particulate media; Co-Cr perpendicular thin films;
                 Co-NiO thin film tapes; Cobalt; color thermal printers;
                 Computer peripherals; computer peripherals; Costs;
                 erasable optical disks; floppy diskettes; Hard disks;
                 Information retrieval; magnetic hard-disk drives;
                 magnetic storage; magnetic tape; magneto-optic
                 reversible thin films; Optical films; Optical
                 recording; optical storage; Perpendicular magnetic
                 recording; perpendicular recording; storage
                 peripherals; thermal printers; Transistors; write-once
                 disks",
}

@Article{Bell:1990:AT,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "{Applications '90}: telecommunications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "31--33",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45074",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1989; Artificial satellites; Bell regional
                 operating companies; cellular radio; cellular radio
                 systems; commercial ISDN services; cordless telephones;
                 digital systems; Digital systems; Global communication;
                 global communications coverage; high-gain spot beam
                 satellites; ISDN; Land mobile radio cellular systems;
                 Manufacturing; multiple beam satellites; satellite
                 antennas; Satellite antennas; Satellite broadcasting;
                 satellite relay systems; System testing;
                 telecommunications; Telephony; very small antennas",
}

@Article{Murphy:1990:ADT,
  author =       "E. E. Murphy",
  title =        "{Applications '90}: design tools",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "34--36",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45075",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Analog integrated circuits; behavioral-level
                 synthesis; CAD; Color; Computer aided software
                 engineering; Design automation; Graphics; hardware
                 accelerators; Integrated circuit modeling; Integrated
                 circuit synthesis; logic CAD; Logic design; logic
                 synthesis; logic testing; Signal design; Software
                 design; software design tools; testability",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1990:AI,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "{Applications '90}: instrumentation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "37--38",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45076",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1989; boundary-scan technique; Circuit testing;
                 design-for-testability standard; detectors;
                 instrumentation; Instruments; Integrated circuit
                 interconnections; Integrated circuit technology;
                 Integrated circuit testing; integrated circuit testing;
                 Intelligent sensors; measurement standards; Measurement
                 standards; microwave ICs; microwave monolithic ICs;
                 Millimeter wave integrated circuits; millimeter-wave
                 integrated circuits; MIMIC Metrology; MIMICs; National
                 Institute for Standards and Technology; NIST; NIST
                 Consortium; RF measurement; smart sensors; thermal
                 characteristics measurement; universal instruments",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1990:ACE,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "{Applications '90}: consumer electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "39--41",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45077",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1989; Audio recording; Audio tapes; Cameras;
                 Consumer electronics; consumer electronics industries;
                 Copyright protection; copyright protection; DAT
                 recorders; digital audio tape; electronics industry;
                 ghost cancellers; Guidelines; HDTV; HDTV systems; high
                 definition television; high-definition television;
                 international recording industries; Large screen
                 displays; large-screen displays; still video cameras;
                 System testing; TV; video and audio discs; video
                 cameras; video tape recorders; videodisc players",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1990:AIE,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan",
  title =        "{Applications '90}: industrial electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "42--43",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45078",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1989; Application software; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Computer industry; electric sensing
                 devices; Electronics industry; industrial electronics;
                 Industrial electronics; manufactured part acquisition
                 computer facility; manufacturing data processing;
                 Manufacturing industries; Microsensors; modular
                 integrated power functions; power electronics systems;
                 pressure microsensors; printed circuit testing;
                 printed-circuit boards; Resonance; Resonant frequency;
                 robots; service industry robots; solder joint checking;
                 Soldering; X-ray scanning-beam laminography",
}

@Article{Chen:1990:ASO,
  author =       "K. T. Chen",
  title =        "{Applications '90}: {Soviet} optoelectronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "44--45",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45079",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1989; excimer laser; fiber optics; Glass;
                 Laboratories; Laser fusion; laser materials; Laser
                 theory; lasers; Materials testing; optical fibres;
                 optical glass; optical glasses; Optical materials;
                 Optical network units; Optical receivers; Optical
                 transmitters; optoelectronic devices; Soviet
                 optoelectronics; telecommunication capacity; Ultrafast
                 optics; USSR",
}

@Article{Chen:1990:ASE,
  author =       "K. T. Chen",
  title =        "{Applications '90}: the specialities (electrical
                 engineering advances)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "46--47",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.45080",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1989; Amber; Antenna arrays; antenna test probe
                 arrays; antennas; automatic guided vehicles; Autonomous
                 Mobile Exploration Robot; Electrical engineering;
                 electrical engineering advances; Marine vehicles;
                 Mobile antennas; Mobile robots; ocean exploring
                 unmanned vehicles; Oceans; prime number hunt; Probes;
                 Prototypes; Remotely operated vehicles; Testing;
                 testing",
}

@Article{Brittain:1990:TT,
  author =       "J. E. Brittain",
  title =        "{Thevenin}'s theorem",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "42--42",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.48845",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Audio systems; Circuit analysis; circuit analysis;
                 Design engineering; electric generators; Electric
                 resistance; Equivalent circuits; equivalent generator
                 theorem; Impedance; impedances; Linear circuits; Power
                 engineering and energy; Telegraphy; Thevenin's theorem;
                 Voltage; voltage sources",
}

@Article{Kappernman:1990:BGS,
  author =       "J. G. Kappernman and V. D. Albertson",
  title =        "Bracing for the geomagnetic storms",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "27--33",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.48847",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "current transformers; Fluctuations; geomagnetic
                 storms; geomagnetically induced current; Geomagnetism;
                 GIC; Magnetic field measurement; Magnetic fields;
                 magnetic storms; Power system protection; Power system
                 relaying; power systems; power transformer half-cycle
                 saturation; power transformers; protective relay
                 systems; Protons; relay protection; solar activity;
                 Storms; Sun; Telegraphy",
}

@Article{Johnson:1990:MMN,
  author =       "R. R. Johnson",
  title =        "Multichip modules: next-generation packages",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "34--36",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.48848",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "burn-in; conductive thin films; Delay; Design
                 engineering; Dielectric thin films; dielectric thin
                 films; heat dissipation; hybrid integrated circuits;
                 integrated circuit technology; Joining processes; MCMs;
                 modules; multichip modules; Multichip modules;
                 packaging; Packaging; Power distribution; power
                 distribution; Power engineering and energy; printed
                 circuits; rework; Temperature distribution; Testing;
                 testing; transmission delays",
}

@Article{Rouse:1990:CAF,
  author =       "W. B. Rouse and N. D. Geddes and J. M. Hammer",
  title =        "Computer-aided fighter pilots",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "38--41",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.48849",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace computing; Aerospace electronics; air-to-air
                 combat; Aircraft; Artificial intelligence;
                 computer-aided fighter pilots; Contracts; Engines;
                 expert system; Expert systems; expert systems; human
                 factors; human-factors; Military computing; military
                 systems; mission goal; Monitoring; operational
                 characteristics; PA; Pilot's Associate; plan-goal
                 graph; Psychology; Real time systems; real-time
                 responses; software engineering; software modules",
}

@Article{Murphy:1990:RCD,
  author =       "E. E. Murphy",
  title =        "Reconciling conflicting design-automation standards",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "44--45",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.48850",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "American National Standards Institute; CAD/CAM;
                 design-automation standards; EDIF; Electronic circuits;
                 Electronic Design Interchange Format; Electronics
                 packaging; Graphics; Guidelines; Hardware design
                 languages; harmonization; High speed integrated
                 circuits; IGES; Initial Graphics Exchange
                 Specification; Institute for Interconnecting and
                 Packaging Electronic Circuits; Integrated circuit
                 interconnections; Integrated circuit packaging; IPC;
                 LAN interconnection; standards; Standards development;
                 Very High-Speed IC Hardware Description Language;
                 VHDL",
}

@Article{Adam:1990:CGE,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Competing in a global economy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "20--24",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58361",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Acceleration; Automobile manufacture; capital costs;
                 Defense industry; development; education; Educational
                 institutions; Europe; global competition; Government;
                 government policies; Japan; Manufacturing industries;
                 Power generation economics; Production; research;
                 Research and development; research and development
                 management; science; technology; technology transfer;
                 USA; West Germany",
}

@Article{Cates:1990:GAF,
  author =       "R. Cates",
  title =        "Gallium arsenide finds a new niche",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "25--28",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58362",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; computers; Coupling circuits;
                 DCFL; direct-coupled FET logic; Fabrication; FETs;
                 field effect integrated circuits; GaAs; gallium
                 arsenide; Gallium arsenide; high speed; III-V
                 semiconductors; integrated circuits; integrated logic
                 circuits; Logic devices; packaging; Packaging; Power
                 dissipation; room temperatures; Telecommunication
                 computing; telecommunications; Temperature; VLSI",
}

@Article{Dallas:1990:DPX,
  author =       "W. J. Dallas",
  title =        "A digital prescription for {X}-ray overload",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "33--36",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58363",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Biomedical imaging; computerised picture processing;
                 Delay; diagnostic images storage; diagnostic images
                 transmission; diagnostic radiography; digital imaging;
                 Educational institutions; Hospitals; medical diagnostic
                 computing; Optical imaging; PACS; Picture archiving and
                 communication systems; picture-archiving and
                 communication systems; Radiology; radiology; Surges;
                 telecommunication systems; X-ray imaging; X-ray
                 lasers",
}

@Article{Martzloff:1990:PCS,
  author =       "F. Martzloff",
  title =        "Protecting computer systems against power transients",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "37--40",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58364",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "computer systems; Conductors; electrical transients;
                 Home computing; Lightning; lightning protection;
                 lightning strikes; overvoltage protection;
                 overvoltages; Plugs; power supplies to apparatus; power
                 system protection; Power system protection; Power
                 system transients; power transients; power-line surges;
                 Safety devices; Storms; surge protection; Surge
                 protection; surge suppressors; transients;
                 undervoltages; Voltage control",
}

@Article{Lathrop:1990:FAA,
  author =       "R. H. Lathrop and R. J. Hall and G. Duffy and K. M.
                 Alexander and R. S. Kirk",
  title =        "`{Functional} abstraction' anticipates timing
                 glitches",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "41--42",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58365",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "algebraic alternative simulation; Application specific
                 integrated circuits; Chemicals; chip manufacturing
                 sensitivities; chip timing; CMOS technology; digital IC
                 design; Digital integrated circuits; digital integrated
                 circuits; Equations; functional abstraction; integrated
                 circuit manufacture; Integrated circuit modeling;
                 Propagation delay; Testing; Timing; Virtual
                 manufacturing",
}

@Article{Perry:1990:BEA,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Biomechanically engineered athletes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "43--44",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58366",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; athletic performance; automatic
                 digitising systems; biology computing; biomechanics;
                 Biomechanics; Cameras; computerised picture processing;
                 Data analysis; Force sensors; microcomputer
                 applications; Microcomputers; Motion analysis;
                 Performance analysis; personal computers; Real time
                 systems; television applications; video cameras; video
                 movement analysis; Workstations",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1990:NPP,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "New pay phones hit the street",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "28--31",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58385",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "8 bit; Cities and towns; collect call connection;
                 Companies; credit card verification; custom software;
                 data communications; Facsimile; facsimile messages;
                 FCC; Federal Communications Commission; Fixtures; ISDN;
                 Legislation; local exchange carriers; Manufacturing;
                 microcomputer applications; microprocessors; operator
                 message generation; private pay phones; prompts; rate
                 computation; services; telecommunications computing;
                 telephone sets; Telephone sets; telephone sets;
                 telephone station equipment; Telephony; tones;
                 Uncertainty; US pay telephone market; voice
                 communications",
}

@Article{Wood:1990:MM,
  author =       "R. Wood",
  title =        "Magnetic megabits",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "32--33",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58386",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Ferrites; Iron; magnetic disc storage; magnetic disks;
                 Magnetic flux; Magnetic heads; Magnetic memory;
                 Magnetic recording; Magnetic separation; magnetic
                 storage; magnetic tape storage; magnetic tapes;
                 magnetoresistive heads; Optical recording; Optical
                 sensors; Optical signal processing; signal detection;
                 ultra-low-noise magnetic media",
}

@Article{Morreale:1990:MAN,
  author =       "P. A. Morreale and G. M. Campbell",
  title =        "Metropolitan-area networks",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "40--42",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58387",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "bandwidth; Bandwidth; Cable TV; Circuits; Cities and
                 towns; Coaxial cables; Communication switching;
                 computer networks; double-ring topology; double-star
                 topology; MAN; metropolitan-area networks; Optical
                 fiber cables; optical-fiber cable; packet-switched
                 communication; point-to-point high-speed circuits;
                 protocols; Telecommunication traffic; Telephony;
                 Traffic control; two-way communication",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1990:SR,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "{Shoreham} in repose",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "46--48",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58389",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Automatic control; Buildings; Centralized control;
                 Circuits; fission reactor decommissioning; Fuels;
                 Inductors; Instruments; Logic; nuclear power stations;
                 NY; Power generation; Shoreham nuclear power station;
                 shutdown; Turbines; Wading River",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1990:FAH,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Friendly adversaries help {US} companies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "50--51",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58390",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AEA; American Electronics Association; Companies;
                 Consumer electronics; Councils; EIA; Electronics
                 Industries Association; Electronics industry;
                 electronics industry; electronics trade associations;
                 history; Industrial electronics; Lead compounds;
                 Marketing and sales; Power engineering and energy;
                 Propulsion; Radio broadcasting; US electronics
                 industry",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1990:ESR,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan",
  title =        "{EC '92}: status report",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "22--24",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58397",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992; EC; electronics; electronics industry;
                 European Community; industrial reorganization; joint
                 research; marketing; single market",
}

@Article{Stix:1990:T,
  author =       "Gary Stix",
  title =        "Telecommunications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "25--26",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58398",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992; Costs; Data communication; Digital
                 communication; digital communication links; digital
                 communication systems; Europe; European Community;
                 integrated-services digital network; ISDN; Paper
                 technology; Proposals; regulations; standards;
                 telecommunication networks; Telecommunications;
                 telecommunications infrastructure; Telegraphy;
                 Telephony",
}

@Article{Murphy:1990:T,
  author =       "E. E. Murphy",
  title =        "Transportation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "26--28",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58399",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "air-traffic control equipment; aircraft; Aircraft;
                 Airports; automobiles; Automobiles; commercial
                 aviation; Computerized monitoring; Condition
                 monitoring; Costs; Eastern Europe; EC; English Channel;
                 Eurocontrol; Europe; European cars; European
                 Commission; European Community; European Coordination
                 Team; Fires; Folkestone-to-Calais tunnel; high-speed
                 rail network; high-speed trains; Japan; Propulsion;
                 rail transport; Rail transportation; railways",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1990:PE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Power and energy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "28--30",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58400",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "ABB; Asea Brown Boveri Ltd.; circuit breakers; Circuit
                 breakers; combined-cycle generating plants; Corporate
                 acquisitions; EC; EHV circuit breakers; electric power
                 equipment; electric power generation; energy storage;
                 Europe; European Community; HVDC equipment; HVDC
                 transmission; Hydraulic turbines; Hydroelectric power
                 generation; hydroelectric turbines; Manufacturing;
                 nuclear generation equipment; Nuclear power generation;
                 Photovoltaic cells; photovoltaics; power distribution;
                 power generation; power transformers; power
                 transmission; Production; SF/sub 6/ circuit breakers;
                 Siemens",
}

@Article{Esch:1990:AD,
  author =       "K. Esch",
  title =        "Aerospace and defense",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "30--32",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58401",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace; Aerospace control; Aerospace industry;
                 Arianespace SA; commercial spacecraft launch-service;
                 Corporate acquisitions; Defense industry; defense
                 sector; ESA; Europe; European Space Agency; Hermes;
                 manned space vehicle; Military aircraft; military
                 systems; Programmable control; Remotely operated
                 vehicles; Rockets; Space shuttles; Space vehicles",
}

@Article{Chen:1990:MC,
  author =       "K. T. Chen and Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Microelectronics and computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "32--33",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58402",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CMOS technology; Computer aided manufacturing;
                 computer industry; Consumer electronics; DP industry;
                 EC; electronics industry; EPROM; Europe; European
                 Community; integrated circuits; microelectronics;
                 Microelectronics; Microprocessors; Production; Random
                 access memory; Sampling methods; Semiconductor device
                 manufacture",
}

@Article{Perry:1990:CE,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Consumer electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "33--34",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58403",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "audio channels; Computer aided manufacturing; Consumer
                 electronics; consumer electronics industry; D2-MAC;
                 direct satellite broadcasts; EC; EFTA; European
                 Community; European Free Trade Association; European
                 standard; Finland; France; HD-MAC; HDTV; high
                 definition television; high-definition television;
                 Netherlands; Nokia Group; NV Philips; picture quality;
                 picture ratio; Semiconductor device manufacture;
                 Thomson Consumer Electronics Co.; Trade agreements; TV
                 receivers",
}

@Article{Guterl:1990:TTV,
  author =       "F. Guterl",
  title =        "Tradeoffs: turf vs. togetherness ({ESPRIT})",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "36--38",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58404",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cement industry; Communication industry; Control
                 systems; Defense industry; EC; ESPRIT; Europe; European
                 Community; European Strategic Programme for Research
                 and Development in Information Technology;
                 Manufacturing industries; National security;
                 Procurement; Research and development; Standards
                 organizations; telecommunication; telephone networks",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1990:GS,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Global standards",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "44--46",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58405",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Costs; EC; Europe; European Community; global
                 standards; Government; IEC; IEC standards;
                 International Electrotechnical Commission;
                 International Organization for Standardization; ISO;
                 Magnetic fields; Manufacturing; Protection;
                 standardisation; standards; Standards development;
                 Standards organizations; telecommunication;
                 Telecommunication standards; telecommunications;
                 Testing",
}

@Article{Chen:1990:SME,
  author =       "K. T. Chen",
  title =        "The single-market engineer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "47--49",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58406",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Accreditation; benefits; Biomechanics; civil
                 engineers; EC; Educational institutions; Educational
                 programs; engineering; Europe; European Community;
                 European Federation of National Engineering
                 Associations; Feani; Government; government licenses;
                 hiring; Liaison Committee; Licenses; professional
                 standard; Qualifications; Railway safety; Remuneration;
                 safety engineers; single-market engineer; standards;
                 training; wages",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1990:MM,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Multinationals on the move",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "50--52",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58407",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992; Aerospace industry; Aircraft; Companies;
                 Consumer electronics; Continents; Contracts; Corporate
                 acquisitions; Europe; Europe-based multinational
                 technology firms; European Community; International
                 collaboration; Japan; joint ventures; Lead; Marketing
                 and sales; mergers; sales; technology transfer; USA",
}

@Article{Stix:1990:APL,
  author =       "Gary Stix",
  title =        "{Americans} in {Paris} \ldots{} ({European
                 Community})",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "55--56",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58409",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Assembly; AT&T; Automobiles; Consumer electronics;
                 DEC; EC; economics; electronics industry; Electronics
                 packaging; electrotechnology companies; Esprit; Europe;
                 European Community; European Economic Treaty; European
                 Strategic Programme for Research and Development in
                 Information Technologies; HDTV; high-definition
                 television; IBM; Industrial economics; marketing; NBC;
                 Philips Consumer Electronics Co.; Protection; research
                 initiatives; Seals; semiconductor chips; Semiconductor
                 device packaging; Semiconductor device testing; Thomson
                 Consumer Electronics Inc.; trade barriers; USA",
}

@Article{Headrick:1990:LHH,
  author =       "J. M. Headrick",
  title =        "Looking over the horizon (HF radar)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58421",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3 to 30 MHz; Airborne radar; Aircraft; drug
                 traffickers interdiction; Earth; Frequency; Hafnium; HF
                 radar; Ionosphere; military systems; nondefence
                 applications; ocean wind patterns monitoring;
                 over-the-horizon radar; Radar antennas; Radar cross
                 section; Radar detection; Radar signal processing;
                 radar systems; signal processing; US Air force; US
                 Navy",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1990:NWC,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette and Gary Stix",
  title =        "Nuclear Waste: the challenge is global",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "18--24",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58422",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "commercial power reactors; fission reactor fuel
                 preparation and reprocessing; Fuels; half-life;
                 high-level waste; HLW; ILW; Inductors;
                 intermediate-level waste; Isotopes; LLW; low-level
                 waste; military reactors; nuclear fuel reprocessing;
                 Nuclear power generation; nuclear waste; Power
                 generation; radioactive elements; Radioactive
                 materials; Radioactive pollution; radioactive waste;
                 radioisotopes; underground disposal sites;
                 vitrification; waste disposal; Waste handling
                 equipment; Waste management; Weapons",
}

@Article{Perry:1990:TCP,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Telephone challenges: a plethora of services",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "25--28",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58423",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Advanced Intelligent Network; call block; call trace;
                 caller identification; cellular radio; cellular
                 telephony; Common Channel Signalling System 7 software;
                 Communication system signaling; computer; Computer
                 networks; control software; Control systems; cordless
                 telephones; Custom Local Area Signalling Service
                 technology; Hardware; Intelligent networks; priority
                 call; radiotelephony; repeat call; return call; select
                 forward; Signal processing; signalling
                 (telecommunication networks); Software systems;
                 Switches; telecommunications computer control;
                 telephone services; Telephony; telephony; USA; voice
                 mail; Voice mail",
}

@Article{Howe:1990:SMS,
  author =       "R. T. Howe and R. S. Muller and K. J. Gabriel and W.
                 S. N. Trimmer",
  title =        "Silicon micromechanics: sensors and actuators on a
                 chip",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "29--31",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58424",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "accelerometers; actuators; Actuators; bulk
                 micromachining; Chemical sensors; chemical vapor
                 deposition; Crystal microstructure; crystal structure;
                 electric actuators; electric sensing devices; etch-stop
                 layer thicknesses; Etching; fusion bonding; integrated
                 circuit technology; lithographic masking pattern;
                 mechanical properties; Micromachining; Micromechanical
                 devices; micromechanical structures; microstructure
                 fabrication; motors; plasma etching; Plasma
                 measurements; pressure sensor chips; pumps; resonant
                 microsensors; sacrificial films; Sensor fusion;
                 sensors; Si; Silicon; surface micromachining; Wafer
                 bonding",
}

@Article{Nickerson:1990:TMC,
  author =       "R. S. Nickerson and R. W. Pew",
  title =        "Toward more compatible human-computer interfaces",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "40--43",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58425",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace electronics; Command languages; compatible
                 human-computer interfaces; Computer interfaces; Design
                 engineering; Humans; Microcomputers; Performance
                 analysis; Prototypes; Software prototyping; user
                 interfaces; Virtual prototyping",
}

@Article{Wolff:1990:VGG,
  author =       "M. F. Wolff",
  title =        "{Van de Graaff}'s generator",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "46--46",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58426",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1 MV; 80 kV; Anodes; Belts; Conducting materials;
                 electron acceleration; electrostatic accelerators;
                 electrostatic generator; Electrostatics; high voltage;
                 history; ion acceleration; Life estimation; Out of
                 order; Physics; Pulleys; Pyrex columns; Testing; van de
                 Graaff generator; van de Graaff generators; Voltage",
}

@Article{Nair:1990:EFJ,
  author =       "I. Nair and G. Morgan",
  title =        "Electromagnetic fields: the jury's still out. 1.
                 {Biological} effects",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "23--27",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58428",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "60 Hz; biological effects of fields; Biomembranes;
                 birth defects; Birth disorders; cancer; Cancer; cell
                 membrane; Cells (biology); circadian rhythm; Circadian
                 rhythm; Diseases; electromagnetic fields;
                 Electromagnetic fields; EM fields; endocrine; Endocrine
                 system; epidemiological study; Mediation; Nervous
                 system; nervous system disorders; proportional
                 mortality; retrospective case-control studies",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1990:EFJ,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Electromagnetic fields: the jury's still out. 2.
                 {Societal} reverberations",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "27--32",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58429",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "biological effects of fields; Costs; economic factors;
                 electrical appliances; Electromagnetic fields;
                 electromagnetic fields; Electromagnetic measurements;
                 EM fields; exposure standards; Geophysical measurement
                 techniques; Ground penetrating radar; HV transmission
                 lines; Magnetic field measurement; Power transmission
                 lines; power-frequency electromagnetic fields;
                 regulatory agencies; standards; Standards activities;
                 standards bodies; Standards organizations; Transmission
                 line measurements; United States; utilities",
}

@Article{Morgan:1990:EFJ,
  author =       "M. G. Morgan and I. Nair",
  title =        "Electromagnetic fields: the jury's still out. 3.
                 {Managing} the risks",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "32--35",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58431",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "appliance manufacturers; biological effects of fields;
                 Biological systems; building industry; Buildings;
                 Costs; economic costs; Electromagnetic fields;
                 electromagnetic fields; EM fields; federal research
                 support; health; health hazards; Home appliances;
                 individual citizens; Manufacturing industries; Power
                 generation economics; power system designers; Power
                 system economics; Power system management; power
                 systems; risk management; Risk management; safety;
                 social costs",
}

@Article{Santori:1990:IIR,
  author =       "M. Santori",
  title =        "An instrument that isn't really ({Laboratory Virtual
                 Instrument Engineering Workbench})",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58432",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Apple computers; computer graphics; computerised
                 instrumentation; Displays; flexibility; IEEE-488
                 interface specifications; Information analysis;
                 Instruments; Laboratories; Laboratory Virtual
                 Instrument Engineering Workbench; LabVIEW; loop
                 data-flow structures; Mackintosh PC; measurement
                 instruments; Microprocessors; Software testing;
                 Software tools; switching matrices; System testing;
                 user interfaces; VI; virtual instrument; Virtual
                 machining; Voltage",
}

@Article{Schilling:1990:SSG,
  author =       "D. L. Schilling and R. L. Pickholtz and L. B.
                 Milstein",
  title =        "Spread spectrum goes commercial",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "40--41",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58433",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "amplitude changes; Amplitude modulation; Baseband;
                 carrier frequency; CDMA; cellular radio; code division
                 multiple access; code-division multiaccess
                 communication; Digital modulation; direct-sequence
                 modulation; direct-sequence transmission; Frequency
                 division multiaccess; frequency hopping; Frequency
                 modulation; identification code; Multiaccess
                 communication; Radio transmitters; Radiofrequency
                 identification; spread spectrum communication; Spread
                 spectrum communication; spread-spectrum techniques;
                 wide-baseband digital signal; Wideband",
}

@Article{Mori:1990:KKW,
  author =       "K. Mori and T. Kawada",
  title =        "From kana to kanji: word processing in {Japan}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "46--48",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58434",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/typeset.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Code standards; Computer graphics; Facsimile;
                 Information retrieval; Instruments; Japan; Japanese
                 characters; Keyboards; linguistics; Natural languages;
                 Telephony; Text processing; voice-input processors;
                 word processing; word use frequency; Writing",
}

@Article{Campanella:1990:CSO,
  author =       "S. J. Campanella",
  title =        "Communications satellites: orbiting into the 90s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "49--52",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58435",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "ACTS; Artificial satellites; commercial services;
                 Communication switching; Frequency; frequency bands;
                 Italsat; Italy; low-burst-rate TDMA; Microwave
                 communication; multiple carriers; narrow beams; NASA;
                 Packet switching; Rain; Satellite broadcasting;
                 Satellite communication; satellite communications;
                 Satellite ground stations; satellite relay systems;
                 signal regeneration; source coding; switchboards;
                 Switches; technological forecasting; time division
                 multiple access; time division multiplexing;
                 time-division multiple access; time-division
                 multiplexing; US National Aeronautic and Space
                 Administration; very small-aperture terminals; VSAT",
}

@Article{Perry:1990:WEM,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "When {East} meets {West} (management problems)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "53--55",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58436",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cities and towns; communication; cultural differences;
                 Decision making; decision-making process; Design
                 engineering; Engineering management; HDTV;
                 information-sharing; Japan; language vagueness; Layout;
                 management; Natural languages; Research and
                 development; Storms; USA; Workstations",
}

@Article{Bell:1990:LAL,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Light that acts like `natural bits' (solitons)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "56--57",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58437",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "chromatic dispersion; Chromatic dispersion;
                 Communication switching; Erbium-doped fiber amplifier;
                 fiber-optic communications; nonlinear optics; optical
                 communication; Optical fiber communication; optical
                 fibres; Optical pulses; Optical solitons; optical
                 switches; optical switching; Optical waveguides; planar
                 waveguide; Pulse amplifiers; Resists; solitons; spatial
                 solitons; Stimulated emission; temporal solitons",
}

@Article{Finn:1990:CBW,
  author =       "B. Finn",
  title =        "A continent bound by wire (telegraph system)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "58--59",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58438",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cities and towns; Continents; Contracts; Government;
                 History; history; Horses; Marine vehicles; Pony
                 Express; Postal services; telegraph networks;
                 Telegraphy; transcontinental telegraph system; USA;
                 Western Union; Wire",
}

@Article{Bell:1990:TCD,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Technical challenges to a decentralized phone system",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "32--37",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58451",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AT&T; Control systems; Customer service; decentralized
                 phone system; History; ISDN; Monopoly; Quality control;
                 SS7; standards; Switches; Switching System No.7;
                 Telecommunication traffic; telephone networks;
                 Telephony; Uncertainty",
}

@Article{Rush:1990:CHS,
  author =       "K. Rush and S. Draving and J. Kerley",
  title =        "Characterizing high-speed oscilloscopes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "38--39",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58452",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "analog-to-digital converter; analogue-digital
                 conversion; Current measurement; detection circuit;
                 electric disturbance; finite charge; high-speed
                 oscilloscopes; holding capacitor; Instruments;
                 Integrated circuit measurements; kickback response;
                 Oscilloscopes; oscilloscopes; Pulse measurements;
                 sampling current; sampling process; Signal processing;
                 Signal sampling; switch closure; Switched capacitor
                 circuits; Switches; Switching circuits",
}

@Article{Itoh:1990:NTO,
  author =       "N. Itoh",
  title =        "New tricks for an old power source (fuel cells)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "40--43",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58453",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Automatic frequency control; Batteries; Cogeneration;
                 Costs; Fossil fuels; Fuel cells; fuel cells; H/sub
                 3/PO/sub 4/ electrolyte; Hydrogen; LiCO/sub 3/-NaCO/sub
                 3/-KCO/sub 3/ electrolyte; Power systems; Substations;
                 terrestrial electric-power applications; Turbines; ZrO
                 electrolyte",
}

@Article{Youst:1990:TLG,
  author =       "D. B. Youst and L. Lipsett",
  title =        "The technical ladder gets harder to climb (engineering
                 career advancement)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "46--47",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58455",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "career advancement; Companies; Contracts; engineering;
                 Engineering management; Engineering profession;
                 engineers; Financial management; Industrial control;
                 Knowledge engineering; personnel; Power engineering and
                 energy; promotional positions; Risk management;
                 technical ladder; Technology management",
}

@Article{Vendelin:1990:ENM,
  author =       "G. D. Vendelin",
  title =        "Evaluating nonlinear models for microwave {GaAs
                 FETs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "48--50",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58456",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "bias points; Current measurement; current-voltage
                 curve; curve tracer measurements; GaAs field effect
                 transistors; Gallium arsenide; gallium arsenide; III-V
                 semiconductors; IV characteristics; MESFETs; Microwave
                 FETs; microwave MESFETs; nonlinear circuit analysis;
                 nonlinear network analysis; Packaging; Physics;
                 Polynomials; scattering parameters; Scattering
                 parameters; Schottky gate field effect transistors;
                 semiconductor; semiconductor device models; Silicon;
                 solid-state microwave devices; Testing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1990:BBS,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "Back to Basics: The Stored Program Concept",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "51--51",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58457",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The history and early development of the stored
                 program concept are briefly described. This refers to
                 the ability of a calculating machine to store its
                 instructions in its internal memory and process them in
                 its arithmetic unit, so that in the course of a
                 computation they may be not just executed but also
                 modified at electronic speeds. John von Neumann, a
                 faculty member of the Institute for Advanced Study in
                 Princeton, NJ, participated in the discussions in which
                 the idea was elaborated, wrote the first report of the
                 concept, placed it in a theoretical context, and built
                 his own computer, which was the early model for a
                 number of others, including the important commercially
                 manufactured IBM 701. J. Presper Eckert and John
                 Mauchly perhaps first conceived of the stored program
                 concept and developed most of the plans for
                 implementing it in the Edvac, and later incorporated it
                 in the Univac and other computers produced by their
                 company. Several British computer scientists, notably
                 Maurice Wilkes, were the first to implement the idea in
                 machines initially designed to embody this feature.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "arithmetic unit; calculating machine; Computer aided
                 instruction; Computer aided manufacturing; Computer
                 architecture; Context modeling; Digital arithmetic;
                 file organisation; history; History; internal memory;
                 Laboratories; Military computing; Prototypes; storage
                 allocation; stored program concept; Virtual
                 manufacturing",
}

@Article{Suran:1990:VOS,
  author =       "J. J. Suran",
  title =        "A view from the other side (engineering education)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "52--54",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58458",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "academia; Content management; education; engineering;
                 Engineering education; engineering education;
                 Engineering management; Industrial relations;
                 Industrial training; Management training; Production;
                 Quality control; Switches; teaching; Time measurement",
}

@Article{Adam:1990:ITN,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Industries transcend national boundaries",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "26--31",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58460",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "automaking; economics; Europe; Government; government
                 policies; Investments; Japan; Manufacturing industries;
                 manufacturing processes; Manufacturing processes;
                 Product design; production; Production; Productivity;
                 productivity growth; R&D alliances; retooling
                 investments; Superconductivity; superconductors; TV; TV
                 manufacture; United States; US",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1990:EWR,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan and A. Rosenblatt",
  title =        "The expanding world of {R\&D}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "28--33",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58472",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Business; Consumer electronics; EC; Electronics
                 industry; ESPRIT; European Community; European
                 Strategic Program for Research and Development in
                 Information Technology; Industrial electronics;
                 international standards; Japan; Manufacturing
                 industries; Microprocessors; Ministry of International
                 Trade and Industry; R&D; Research and development;
                 research and development management; research
                 initiatives; standards; Superconductivity; Teeth; US;
                 US Department of Commerce",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1990:VTR,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "View from the top: responding to the business
                 divisions' needs ({R\&D})",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "34--39",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58473",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Companies; Contracts; corporate R&D; development
                 teams; Educational institutions; joint ventures;
                 Manufacturing; Marketing and sales; Product
                 development; Research and development; research and
                 development management; Research and development
                 management; research initiatives; research teams;
                 Technological innovation; Technology management;
                 worldwide competitiveness",
}

@Article{Adam:1990:FLM,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "{Federal} laboratories meet the marketplace",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "39--44",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58474",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace engineering; Computer industry; Defense
                 industry; Department of Defense; Ducts; federal
                 laboratories; laboratories; Laboratories; marketing;
                 NASA; national laboratories; National security;
                 Research and development; Superconductivity; technology
                 transfer; US; US Government",
}

@Article{Murphy:1990:SRA,
  author =       "E. E. Murphy",
  title =        "Software {R\&D}: from an art to a science",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "44--46",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58475",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "001 approach; Art; CASE; Computer aided software
                 engineering; Computer languages; computer-aided
                 software engineering; DP management; errors; Object
                 oriented modeling; Object oriented programming;
                 Research and development; research and development;
                 research and development management; software
                 engineering; Software engineering; Software
                 maintenance; software R&D; Software reusability;
                 Subspace constraints",
}

@Article{Bell:1990:MCL,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "From monopoly to competition: long-term research is
                 vulnerable",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "46--50",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58476",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AT&T Co.; Bell System; British Telecommunications;
                 Business; business strategy; corporate restructurings;
                 Government; government-regulated monopolies; Japan;
                 Manufacturing; Monopoly; Nippon Telegraph and Telephone
                 Public Corp.; NTT; private companies; Privatization;
                 privatization; research and development; Research and
                 development; research and development management;
                 Research and development management;
                 Telecommunications; Telegraphy; Telephony; UK; United
                 States",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1990:ECI,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Electronics consortia to impact products for
                 generations",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "50--52",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58477",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "civilian organisations; Collaboration; collaborative
                 ventures; Consortia; Costs; Defense industry; Economic
                 indicators; economics; electronics industry;
                 electronics R&D establishments; Europe; Japan; Joining
                 processes; Microelectronics; military organisations;
                 patent enforcement; private sector; public sector;
                 Random access memory; Research and development;
                 research and development management; US",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1990:CRG,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Contract research gains adherents for its flexibility
                 and low overhead",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "58--60",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58478",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Business; Chemistry; Cities and towns; Contracts;
                 Defense industry; Electronics industry; Government;
                 independent contract research organizations; Industrial
                 electronics; Instruments; Manufacturing industries;
                 research and development management; research
                 initiatives; United States",
}

@Article{Perry:1990:TPT,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Teamwork plus technology cuts development time",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "61--67",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58479",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Computational modeling;
                 concurrent engineering; Consumer electronics;
                 development time; Hardware; Japan; Laboratories;
                 Manufacturing; Marketing and sales; Production
                 facilities; research; Research and development;
                 research and development management; standardisation;
                 Teamwork; teamwork; technology transfer; US",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1990:ERT,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Encouraging risk-taking, sanctioning failures are
                 helping spur creativity",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "67--69",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58480",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "brain-storming; Cities and towns; creativity;
                 Databases; Environmental management; FETs;
                 Laboratories; Magnetic films; Project management;
                 Random access memory; research and development
                 management; research laboratory; risk-taking;
                 Technological innovation; Thin film transistors",
}

@Article{Bell:1990:JKC,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Just keeping current entails ingenuity,
                 resourcefulness, and improvisation ({R\&D})",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "69--73",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58481",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Business; Companies; Consumer electronics; Educational
                 institutions; electronic mail; Engineering management;
                 information gathering; internal information flow;
                 Laboratories; Manufacturing; Protection; report
                 circulation; Research and development; research and
                 development management; Telephony",
}

@Article{Chen:1990:HUR,
  author =       "K. T. Chen",
  title =        "Harnessing university research for competitiveness,
                 industry support",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "73--76",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58482",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Arm; Defense industry; Design automation; Electronics
                 industry; Etching; Europe; Government; Great Britain;
                 industrial R&D; intellectual property; Japan;
                 Laboratories; Ministry of Education, Science, and
                 Culture; NC; Research and development; research and
                 development management; Research Triangle Park;
                 Silicon; SRC; university research; university-industry
                 collaborations",
}

@Article{Chen:1990:CSP,
  author =       "K. T. Chen",
  title =        "Contrasting strategies are pursued by big three
                 economic powerhouses",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "76--78",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.58483",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Chemical technology; EC; Economic indicators;
                 Educational institutions; Engines; Europe; European
                 Community; funding; Germany; government activities;
                 high-technology development; Intelligent robots;
                 International trade; Japan; multinational research
                 programs; Power generation economics; Reliability
                 engineering; Research and development; research and
                 development management; research initiatives; United
                 States",
}

@Article{Adam:1990:DTS,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Defense: toward smaller, more deployable forces, as
                 lethal as can be",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "30--33",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62212",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace industry; Arm; Companies; Defense industry;
                 Europe; Force control; military stability; military
                 systems; R&D; Research and development; Security; US
                 defense; US Government; Weapons",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1990:DSC,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Defense: suppliers are challenged to downsize
                 gracefully as they seek to diversify",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "33--36",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62213",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Companies; defense industry; Europe; Gears; Marketing
                 and sales; Military aircraft; military spending;
                 military systems; Packaging; Procurement; Surveillance;
                 Testing; US industry; Weapons",
}

@Article{Self:1990:DFL,
  author =       "K. Self",
  title =        "Designing with fuzzy logic",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "42--44",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62215",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Artificial intelligence; buyer's guides; control
                 system synthesis; Control systems; control systems;
                 Fuzzy control; fuzzy logic; Fuzzy logic; Fuzzy neural
                 networks; Fuzzy systems; Manufacturing industries;
                 Nonlinear control systems; Switches; Temperature
                 control",
}

@Article{Mather:1990:NDS,
  author =       "B. C. Mather",
  title =        "Needed {DSP} software emerges",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "52--59",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62217",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Assembly; buyer's guides; code generators; coefficient
                 quantization; computerised signal processing; digital
                 filters; Digital signal processing; digital signal
                 processing; Digital signal processing chips; DSP
                 programming environments; DSP software packages;
                 Hardware; Human voice; Instruments; Packaging; PCs;
                 Programming environments; signal acquisition; signal
                 manipulation; Software libraries; software packages;
                 Software tools",
}

@Article{Hines:1990:AAD,
  author =       "J. R. Hines",
  title =        "Affordable analog design",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "60--67",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62218",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Analog circuits; analogue circuits; buyer's guides;
                 circuit CAD; Circuit simulation; Circuit testing;
                 Computational modeling; digital simulation; Integral
                 equations; microcomputer applications; Microcomputers;
                 PC-based analog circuit design systems; Personal
                 communication networks; schematic capture programs;
                 simulation packages; Software design; Software tools;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Eurich:1990:EG,
  author =       "J. P. Eurich and G. Roth",
  title =        "{EDIF} grows up",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "68--72",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62219",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application specific integrated circuits; buyer's
                 guides; CAE tools; circuit CAD; Circuit testing; design
                 analysis tools; design capture tools; Drilling; EDIF;
                 electronic data interchange; Electronic design
                 automation and methodology; Electronic Design
                 Interchange Format; Hardware; Integrated circuit
                 manufacture; logic CAD; logic synthesizers; Packaging
                 machines; Printed circuits; software packages; Software
                 packages; Software testing",
}

@Article{Cendes:1990:ESC,
  author =       "Z. J. Cendes",
  title =        "{EM} simulators = {CAE} tools",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "73--77",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62220",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Algorithm design and analysis; Analytical models;
                 buyer's guides; CAD/CAM; Circuit simulation;
                 Computational modeling; Computer aided engineering;
                 Computer simulation; Design engineering; digital
                 circuit interconnections; electrical engineering
                 computing; Electromagnetic analysis; electromagnetic
                 CAE software; electromagnetic fields; electromagnetic
                 simulators; field simulation model; finite element
                 analysis; Finite element methods; finite-element
                 analysis; finite-element simulators; manufacturing;
                 Maxwell's equations; microwave low-pass filter design;
                 personal computer; Virtual manufacturing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:CCT,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "The case for {CASE} tools",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "78--81",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62221",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace engineering; buyer's guides; CASE tools;
                 Computer aided software engineering; computer-aided
                 software engineering; computer-aided systems
                 engineering; Design engineering; Embedded software;
                 Hardware; High level languages; Operating systems;
                 Programming profession; Software design; software
                 generation; software life cycle; Software tools;
                 software tools",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:BTP,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Board tools proliferate software",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "82--85",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62222",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "buyer's guides; circuit layout CAD; Computational
                 modeling; Design engineering; Electronic design
                 automation and methodology; Employment; microcomputer
                 applications; PCB analysis; PCs; printed-circuit-board
                 layout; Radio frequency; Radiofrequency identification;
                 software; Software design; software tools; Software
                 tools; software tools; Sun; Transmission lines;
                 workstations",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:DPD,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Displaying processed data",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "86--89",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62223",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Auditory displays; Business; buyer's guides; Computer
                 displays; data acquisition; data acquisition software;
                 Hardware; Instruments; Packaging; processed data
                 display; product performance data; Software packages;
                 software packages; Speech analysis; Speech processing;
                 Sun",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:UFC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "User-friendly {CAE}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "90--92",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62224",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "buyer's guides; CAD/CAM; Cadence Design Systems;
                 Computer aided engineering; Computer industry; Design
                 engineering; Design Framework II; Digital Equipment
                 Corp.; Engineering management; Falcon Framework;
                 graphical user interfaces; Hardware design languages;
                 interface framework; Mentor Graphics Inc.; Packaging;
                 PowerFrame; Project management; Software packages;
                 Software standards; Software tools; user-friendly CAE",
}

@Article{Vaglica:1990:HSM,
  author =       "J. J. Vaglica and P. S. Gilmour",
  title =        "How to select a microcontroller",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "106--109",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62226",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Automobiles; Central Processing
                 Unit; data memory; Dynamic range; equipment selection
                 (computers); Frequency; I/O signals; input/output
                 signals; Job design; microcontroller; microcontrollers;
                 Microcontrollers; Microprocessors; Ovens; peripheral
                 chip; program memory; Size control; word size",
}

@Article{Masuoka:1990:YRN,
  author =       "F. Masuoka",
  title =        "Are you ready for next-generation dynamic {RAM}
                 chips?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "110--112",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62227",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "64 Mbit; activated work lines; Alpha particles; array
                 noise; bit time shielding; Capacitance; Capacitors;
                 cell capacitor; Coatings; DRAM; DRAM chips; dynamic RAM
                 chips; Energy consumption; memory IC; Packaging;
                 Portable computers; Random access memory; Transistors;
                 twisted bit line",
}

@Article{Chrysler:1990:CMT,
  author =       "M. Chrysler",
  title =        "{Canon}: more than just concern",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "113--116",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62228",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Calculators; cameras; Canon Inc.; Digital cameras;
                 digital color copiers; Digital integrated circuits;
                 Europe; facsimile equipment; G4 digital facsimile
                 machines; IC wafer-steppers; integrated-services
                 digital network; ISDN; Japan; laser printers;
                 magnetooptical disk; Marketing and sales; Office
                 automation; Optical saturation; photocopying; Printers;
                 Research and development; Security; Solids; US",
}

@Article{Flory:1990:GBB,
  author =       "D. Flory",
  title =        "The great blue box phone frauds",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "117--119",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62229",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "2600 Hz; Bandwidth; blue box; call termination signal;
                 CCIS; Central office; common channel interoffice
                 signaling; Costs; Frequency; History; Law; Legal
                 factors; local central office; long-distance directory
                 assistance; long-distance telephone network;
                 long-distance trunk; phone frauds; Routing; Speech;
                 switching equipment; telephone networks; telephone
                 station equipment; Telephony",
}

@Article{Barnett:1990:FWH,
  author =       "R. D. Barnett",
  title =        "The frequency that wouldn't die hydroelectric
                 generators",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "120--121",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62230",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "25 Hz; Alternators; Engineering profession; Frequency;
                 hydroelectric generators; Hydroelectric power
                 generation; Niagara River; North America; Power
                 distribution; Power generation; Rivers; Shape;
                 Switches; Turbines",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1990:GCM,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Global{R\&D} for a 21st century manufacturing system",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "122--124",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62231",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computer industry; EC; Europe; European Community;
                 intelligent manufacturing system; Japan; joint
                 international research programs; Machinery;
                 Manufacturing industries; manufacturing industries;
                 Manufacturing systems; North America; Proposals;
                 Research and development; research initiatives; United
                 States; US; US Department of Commerce; US Government",
}

@Article{Saito:1990:JTC,
  author =       "T. Saito",
  title =        "{Japan} telecommunications at the crossroads",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "126--128",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.62233",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Business communication; carriers; Circuits;
                 Communication industry; Companies; ISDN; Japan;
                 Japanese Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corp.;
                 local telephone company; Monopoly; Nippon Telegraph and
                 Telephone Corp.; NTT; Privatization; Productivity;
                 telecommunication services; Telegraphy; Telephony; toll
                 company",
}

@Article{Whittaker:1990:JRA,
  author =       "W. L. Whittaker and T. Kanade",
  title =        "{Japan} robotics aim for unmanned space exploration",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "64--67",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.60933",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace control; Fasteners; Japan robotics; Job shop
                 scheduling; land robots; NASA; National Science
                 Foundation; Orbital robotics; Robotic assembly;
                 Robotics and automation; robots; Service robots; Space
                 exploration; Space stations; Space technology;
                 underwater robots; unmanned space exploration; US
                 Government",
}

@Article{Bell:1990:ESB,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "`90s employment: some bad news, but some good",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "32--43",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.60936",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace engineering; Asia; Computer industry;
                 Consumer electronics; Corporate acquisitions; economic
                 conditions; employment; Employment; employment; Europe;
                 Industrial training; job outlook; national policy;
                 North America; Petroleum; Power engineering and energy;
                 Power generation economics; Security; technical issues
                 economic issues",
}

@Article{Chen:1990:RSP,
  author =       "K. T. Chen",
  title =        "Reversing sagging precollege skills in mathematics and
                 science",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "44--48",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.60937",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Airplanes; British programs; curricula; education;
                 Education; education; Educational institutions;
                 Educational programs; Electronics industry; Family Math
                 program; Glands; mathematics; Mathematics; parents;
                 Physics; precollege education; precollege skills;
                 Robots; Sampling methods; science; teachers; teaching;
                 teaching strategies; technically literate employees",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1990:WBA,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Whistle-blowing: not always a losing game
                 (engineers)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "49--52",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.60938",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace; Aerospace control; Aerospace engineering;
                 aerospace industry; Aerospace industry; Aerospace
                 testing; air-traffic control; Collision avoidance;
                 collision avoidance system development; Design
                 engineering; Electrical equipment industry; engineers;
                 FAA; Federal Aviation Administration; GEC; Morton
                 Thiokol Incorporated; nuclear power; personnel; Power
                 engineering and energy; space shuttle Challenger; TV",
}

@Article{Hoffman:1990:SWO,
  author =       "S. Hoffman and G. Ben-Yaacov",
  title =        "Software workstations: one-stop shopping for
                 utilities",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "53--56",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.60939",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "databases; Databases; Design engineering; Electric
                 Power Research Institute; electric utilities;
                 electricity supply industry; EPRI; interfaces;
                 mainframe computers; Operating systems; packages
                 workstations; Packaging machines; Power engineering and
                 energy; power engineering computing; Power industry;
                 Power overhead lines; Power transmission lines;
                 Software packages; software packages; system grounding;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Guterl:1990:SMM,
  author =       "F. Guterl",
  title =        "{Siemens}: making marketing as important as
                 technology",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "57--60",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.60940",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "acquisition program; Automotive engineering; business
                 management; Consumer electronics; Defense industry;
                 electrical engineering; Electronics industry; Europe;
                 Financial management; Industrial electronics;
                 management; marketing; Mood; Out of order; Siemens;
                 Technology management",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1990:FHE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Fish and hydroelectricity: engineering a better
                 coexistence",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "68--70",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.60942",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aquaculture; Buildings; dams; Design engineering;
                 engineering problems; Federal licensing agency;
                 Hydraulic turbines; Hydroelectric power generation;
                 hydroelectric power stations; hydroelectricity;
                 Licenses; Marine animals; migratory fish; Power
                 engineering and energy; Protection; Rivers; spawning
                 areas; US utilities; Wildlife",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:KPR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Keithley}'s phantom repeater: applying wartime
                 technology",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "71--71",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.60943",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "amplifier; audio equipment; Cable shielding;
                 Capacitance; Cathodes; Circuits; commercial
                 instruments; driven-shield technique; high-input
                 impedances; Imaging phantoms; Impedance measurement;
                 Instruments; Keithley's phantom repeater; measuring
                 instruments; military equipment; Repeaters;
                 semiconductor industry; signal processing equipment;
                 Time measurement; underwater microphones; Voltmeters;
                 World War II",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1990:PEW,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Putting electronics to work in the 1991 car models",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "72--75",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.60944",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 12:40:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "4T60-E; American Honda; Automatic control; automotive
                 electronics; Automotive electronics; Automotive
                 engineering; Computer Command Ride; consistent shift
                 quality; Control systems; Damping; damping rates;
                 Electric variables control; electronically controlled
                 transmissions; Ford AXOD-E; four-speed automatic
                 transmission; Gears; General Motors; high-end power;
                 hydraulic pressure; low-end torque; mechanical
                 variables control; Nissan Motors; oil pump; one-way
                 clutches; optimum fuel economy; suspension struts;
                 Suspensions; suspensions; Technological innovation;
                 Timing; variable-valve timing",
}

@Article{Bell:1991:TME,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Technology 1991: the media event {Hubble Space
                 Telescope}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--31",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67234",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "astronomical telescopes; high-grain communications
                 antennas; Hubble Space Telescope; mirror; mirrors;
                 NASA; solar cell arrays; solar panel vibration; Space
                 technology; Telescopes",
}

@Article{Watson:1991:TME,
  author =       "G. Watson",
  title =        "Technology 1991: the main event {64 Mb RAM}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--30",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67235",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "0.3 micron; 64 Mb RAM; 64 Mbit; Capacitors; CMOS
                 circuits; CMOS integrated circuits; CMOS memory
                 circuits; CMOS technology; dielectric; Dielectrics;
                 electron beam lithography; integrated circuit
                 technology; Lithography; multilayer capacitor memory
                 cells; Nonhomogeneous media; RAM; Random access memory;
                 random-access storage; Read-write memory; Silicon
                 compounds; Ta/sub 2/O/sub 5/",
}

@Article{Rosenblatt:1991:TPW,
  author =       "A. Rosenblatt",
  title =        "Technology 1991: {PCs} and workstations",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "32--35",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67236",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computer aided manufacturing; Computer graphics;
                 Drives; engineering workstations; floppy disks; hard
                 discs; hard disk drives; IC memory cards; laptops;
                 microcomputers; Microcomputers; notebook computers; Out
                 of order; peripherals; Personal communication networks;
                 personal computers; Portable computers; portable
                 computers; Power engineering computing; reduced
                 instruction set computing; Reduced instruction set
                 computing; RISC computers; Workstations; workstations",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:TS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Technology 1991: software",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67237",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CASE; Computer aided engineering; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Computer hacking; Computer security;
                 computer-aided engineering process; computer-aided
                 software engineering; Design engineering; DOS;
                 Graphical user interfaces; object-oriented programming;
                 operating systems (computers); OS/2; OSF/1; Personal
                 communication networks; personal computer operating
                 systems; software developments; software engineering;
                 Standardization; Unix System V Release 4; User
                 interfaces; Workstations",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1991:TMM,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Technology 1991: minis and mainframes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "40--43",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67238",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Adaptive arrays; AT and T; Circuits; Computer aided
                 instruction; Data systems; Fault tolerance; Fault
                 tolerant systems; Intel microprocessors; mainframes;
                 microcomputers; minicomputers; MS DOS; NCR Corporation;
                 Operating systems; operating systems (computers); Out
                 of order; parallel computation; reduced instruction set
                 computing; RISC; Supercomputers; superminicomputer;
                 Unix; Vector processors",
}

@Article{Bell:1991:TT,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Technology 1991: telecommunications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "44--47",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67239",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Acceleration; B-ISDN; BISDN; broadband
                 integrated-services digital network; broadband
                 networks; digital communication systems; digital
                 transmission; Erbium-doped fiber amplifier;
                 erbium-doped optical amplifiers; ISDN; long-distance
                 communications; Mobile communication; mobile
                 communication systems; mobile communications;
                 Narrowband; narrowband ISDN; optical communication
                 equipment; optical computer; Optical computing; Optical
                 fiber communication; optical links; optical logic
                 elements; optical-fiber transmission; parallel optical
                 connections; Stimulated emission; telecommunication;
                 telephone company deregulation; Telephony",
}

@Article{Rosenblatt:1991:TDC,
  author =       "A. Rosenblatt",
  title =        "Technology 1991: data communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--51",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67240",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "100 Mbit/s; 10BASE-T standard; Communications
                 technology; computer networks; corporate planners; Data
                 communication; data communications; Ethernet
                 interconnections; Ethernet networks; FDDI; FDDI
                 interface; fiber distributed data interface;
                 Government; LAN; local area networks; management
                 information system; Management information systems;
                 metropolitan area network; MIS; open systems; Open
                 systems; Open Systems Interconnection; optical links;
                 optical-fiber network; protocol; protocols; Spine;
                 Token Ring; unshielded twisted-pair wiring; Wire;
                 Wiring",
}

@Article{Watson:1991:TSS,
  author =       "G. F. Watson",
  title =        "Technology 1991: solid state",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--55",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67241",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "50 to 60 MHz; application specific integrated
                 circuits; Automobile manufacture; Central Processing
                 Unit; Costs; desktop computers; Digital signal
                 processing chips; digital signal processing chips; DSP
                 chips; flash memories; gate arrays; high-quality
                 graphics; high-quality sound; integrated memory
                 circuits; lithographic techniques; lithography; logic
                 arrays; memory chips; Microcontrollers; microprocessor
                 chips; Microprocessors; multimedia chip;
                 programmable-logic devices; Semiconductor device
                 manufacture; Solid state circuits; solid-state devices;
                 Space technology; video images; Videoconference;
                 workstations",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1991:TTM,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Technology 1991: test and measurement",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "56--58",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67242",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application specific integrated circuits; artificial
                 intelligence techniques; ASIC; automatic test
                 equipment; Automatic testing; boundary scan method;
                 Circuit testing; communications testing; computer
                 interfaces; Consumer electronics; disk-drive testing;
                 electronic equipment testing; Electronic equipment
                 testing; instrumentation bus; Instruments; logic
                 analysers; logic analyzers; Logic arrays; Logic
                 testing; microelectronics; Microprocessors; modulation
                 domain analysis; printed-circuit boards; smart tester;
                 System testing; testability design; VME extensions; VXI
                 bus",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1991:TIE,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan",
  title =        "Technology 1991: industrial electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--60",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67243",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "advanced computer numerical control; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Computer integrated manufacturing;
                 Computer numerical control; computer-integrated
                 manufacturing; computerised numerical control; Costs;
                 fuzzy logic; Fuzzy logic; high-speed machining;
                 Industrial electronics; industrial electronics;
                 intelligent control; Intelligent control; machine
                 vision systems; Machining; manufacturing computer
                 control; manufacturing flexibility; open system
                 architecture; printed circuit testing; printed-circuit
                 boards; programmable controllers; Reduced instruction
                 set computing; reduced instruction set computing;
                 reduced-instruction-set computer; RISC chip; solder
                 joints; surface-mounted components; Time sharing
                 computer systems; X-ray laminography system",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1991:TPE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Technology 1991: power and energy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "61--64",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67244",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "advanced batteries; Batteries; CEGB privatisation;
                 Clean Air Act; Continents; Costs; electric vehicles;
                 Electric vehicles; electrical fires; electricity supply
                 industry; energy; environmental pressures; fires;
                 Fires; IEEE news; Legislation; New Hampshire; nuclear
                 power stations; oil markets; Persian Gulf crisis;
                 Petroleum; power; Power generation; Privatization;
                 Seabrook nuclear power station; substations; UK; US; US
                 substations",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1991:TCE,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Technology 1991: consumer electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--68",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67245",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "analog advanced television signals; camcorders;
                 consumer electronics; Consumer electronics; consumer
                 products; digital high-definition TV; domestic
                 appliances; Europe; FCC; fuzzy logic; HDTV; high
                 definition television; home theater concept; Japan;
                 Laboratories; Large screen displays; large-screen video
                 displays; Motion pictures; movie sound tracks; neural
                 networks; room air conditioners; satellite analog TV
                 signals transmission; Satellite broadcasting; System
                 testing; TV; vacuum cleaners; video cameras; washing
                 machines",
}

@Article{Chen:1991:TT,
  author =       "K. T. Chen",
  title =        "Technology 1991: transportation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "69--71",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67246",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace electronics; air traffic systems;
                 air-traffic control; Aircraft manufacture; airport
                 security; Automatic control; Channel Tunnel; commercial
                 aircraft; Computer displays; Control systems;
                 Explosions; FAA; France; Indian Airlines Airbus A-320
                 crash; Manufacturing; MD-11; Neutrons; pilot error;
                 rail technology; Rail transportation; railways;
                 transportation; UK; western European nations",
}

@Article{Adam:1991:TAM,
  author =       "J. A. Adam and K. Esch",
  title =        "Technology 1991: aerospace\slash military",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--75",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67247",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace industry; Aircraft; astronomical telescopes;
                 civilian aerospace; Defense Advanced Research Projects
                 Agency; Defense industry; EM signatures control;
                 Europe; Gamma Ray Observatory; Hubble Space Telescope;
                 Japan; launch vehicle; military systems; NASA;
                 night-combat capabilities; orbiting observatories;
                 Pegasus; Persian Gulf; Prototypes; Space technology;
                 space vehicles; Testing; Underwater vehicles; unmanned
                 vehicles; US Government; Weapons",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1991:TME,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Technology 1991: medical electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--78",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67248",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "biomagnetic imaging; biomagnetism; biomedical
                 electronics; Biomedical imaging; biomedical NMR;
                 biomedical ultrasonics; blood flow; brain surgery;
                 computer based stereotaxic techniques; Coronary
                 arteriosclerosis; coronary artery disease diagnosis;
                 Feedback; gallstone lithotripsy; Magnetic resonance;
                 magnetic resonance imaging; Magnetic resonance imaging;
                 magnetic resonance spectroscopy; medical diagnostic
                 computing; Medical diagnostic imaging; medical
                 electronics; Medical robotics; real-time feedback;
                 robotic surgery; Spectroscopy; Surgery; surgery;
                 Ultrasonic imaging; ultrasonic imaging",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1991:TSN,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Technology 1991: the specialities neural networks,
                 {TAPS}, integrated document interchange",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "79--79",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67249",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "curriculum revision; decision-technology concept;
                 economics; education; electronic data interchange;
                 integrated document interchange; neural nets; neural
                 networks; Neural networks; targeting and allocation of
                 promotional spend",
}

@Article{Perry:1991:ATCa,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Air traffic control: a system-wide upgrade races to
                 replace two-decade-old equipment",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22--27",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.100904",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "air traffic computer control; Air traffic control; air
                 traffic control system; Communication system traffic
                 control; digital communication systems; digital radar
                 equipment; host computers; human controller
                 productivity; Humans; maintenance; maintenance
                 engineering; Productivity; radar applications; Radar
                 equipment; Radio control; Radio frequency; radio
                 frequency; radionavigation; upgrading; USA",
}

@Article{Adam:1991:ATC,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Air traffic control: satellites and artificial
                 intelligence promise improved safety and efficiency",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "27--32",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.100906",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "air traffic computer control; air traffic control; Air
                 traffic control; air traffic management; aircraft
                 communication; aircraft instrumentation; artificial
                 intelligence; Artificial intelligence; Artificial
                 satellites; collision avoidance; Collision avoidance;
                 Communication system traffic control; communications;
                 efficiency; flight computers; ground radars;
                 information transfer; knowledge based systems;
                 Libraries; navigation; Radar; radar applications;
                 radionavigation; safety; Satellite navigation systems;
                 satellite relay systems; satellites; surveillance;
                 Weather forecasting; weather prediction",
}

@Article{Perry:1991:ATCb,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry and J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Air traffic control: expert observers define top
                 priorities to ensure safe and accessible skies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "33--36",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.100907",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "accessibility; air traffic control; Air traffic
                 control; Air transportation; air-traffic control;
                 Airports; airports; runways; safety; Space technology;
                 Throughput; throughput capacity",
}

@Article{Gilmour:1991:HST,
  author =       "P. S. Gilmour",
  title =        "How to select tools for microcontroller software",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "37--39",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.100908",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "assembler; Assembly; CASE; Computer aided software
                 engineering; Computer languages; computer-aided
                 software engineering; Debugging; microcontroller;
                 microcontrollers; Microcontrollers; program assemblers;
                 program debugging; programming language; programming
                 languages; selection criteria; software selection;
                 software tools; Software tools; software tools;
                 source-level debugging; symbolic debugging",
}

@Article{Jangi:1991:ESA,
  author =       "S. Jangi and Y. Jain",
  title =        "Embedding spectral analysis in equipment",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "40--43",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.100909",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "computerised signal processing; digital signal
                 processing chips; Digital signal processing chips;
                 digital signal processors; Digital signal processors;
                 DSP chips; fast Fourier transform; fast Fourier
                 transforms; Fast Fourier transforms; frequency
                 components; Frequency estimation; Real time systems;
                 real-time systems; Signal processing; signal processing
                 equipment; spectral analysis; Spectral analysis;
                 spectral estimation",
}

@Article{Atwood:1991:COO,
  author =       "T. M. Atwood",
  title =        "The case for object-oriented databases",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "44--47",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.100910",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "benchmarking; circuit CAD; Collaborative work; data
                 modelling; electronic design automation; Electronic
                 design automation and methodology; Object oriented
                 databases; Object oriented modeling; object-oriented
                 databases; relational database management systems;
                 Relational databases",
}

@Article{Guterl:1991:EBC,
  author =       "F. Guterl",
  title =        "{Ericsson} bets on a cellular world",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "48--51",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.100911",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "cellular radio; cellular telephone; code-division
                 technology; Consumer electronics; Ericsson Corporation;
                 history; History; management; R&D; radiotelephony;
                 research and development management; Sweden; Technology
                 management; Telephony; time division multiple access;
                 time-division multiaccess; Uncertainty",
}

@Article{Yuan:1991:PLS,
  author =       "J. Yuan and C. Svensson",
  title =        "Pushing the limits of standard {CMOS}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "52--53",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.100912",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1.2 Gbit/s; 400 MHz; 430 MHz; 700 MHz; 750 MHz;
                 circuit design; Circuit synthesis; clocking scheme;
                 Clocks; clocks; CMOS ICs; CMOS integrated circuits;
                 CMOS logic circuits; CMOS process; CMOS technology;
                 Counting circuits; decoder; error correcting encoder;
                 Error correction; Frequency; integrated circuit
                 technology; integrated logic circuits; logic; Logic
                 design; Logic devices; optical communication equipment;
                 optical fiber communication link; optical fibres;
                 ripple counters",
}

@Article{Mora:1991:SNL,
  author =       "J. Mora",
  title =        "A streetcar named light rail",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "54--56",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.100913",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "articulated vehicles; Automotive engineering; Control
                 systems; interurban electric railroads; Light rail
                 systems; light rail vehicles; North America; rail
                 traffic; railways; rapid transit systems; road traffic;
                 Sensor systems; sensors; signalling; streetcars;
                 traffic signals; USA; Vehicles",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1991:EMD,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Energy management --- the {DOE}: agency under fire",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "32--33",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67281",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "atmosphere; Atmosphere; civilian energy program;
                 electricity supply industry; Energy management; energy
                 management; environment; Fires; fuels; Fuels; national
                 security; National security; nuclear weapons program;
                 Production; Radioactive materials; Radioactive waste;
                 US Department of Energy; Weapons",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1991:EML,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Energy management --- loosening the bonds of oil",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "34--38",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67282",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "alternative energy programs; clean coal technology;
                 Costs; electric power generation; Energy consumption;
                 energy management; Energy management; energy
                 production; energy resources; light-water nuclear
                 reactors; Marine vehicles; national energy strategy;
                 organizational problems; Petroleum; Production;
                 Proposals; renewable energy; Renewable energy
                 resources; US Department of Energy; US Government",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1991:EMOa,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Energy management --- overhauling weapons production",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "39--44",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67283",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Chemical engineering; Chemical processes; Cities and
                 towns; Costs; defense production reactors; Electrical
                 safety; Energy management; energy management; fission
                 reactor safety; Laboratories; nuclear weapons
                 production complex; Petroleum; Production; safety
                 problems; US Department of Energy; weapons; Weapons",
}

@Article{Fitzgerald:1991:EMOb,
  author =       "K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Energy management --- origin of a culture",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "45--47",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67284",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Atomic Energy Commission; Energy management; fission
                 reactor safety; health hazards; health issues;
                 Inductors; nuclear power; Nuclear weapons; nuclear
                 weapons production; Personnel; Power engineering and
                 energy; Production; Project management; Rivers; safety
                 issues; Testing; US Department of Energy; weapons",
}

@Article{Souders:1991:CHC,
  author =       "T. M. Souders and G. N. Stenbakken",
  title =        "Cutting the high cost of testing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "48--51",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67285",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "13 bit; ADC testing; analog devices; Analog-digital
                 conversion; analog-to-digital converter;
                 analogue-digital conversion; Assembly; Costs; device
                 testing; empirical-learning-based models; Instruments;
                 integrated circuit testing; Investments; mixed-signal
                 devices; modeling; Optimized production technology;
                 performance-testing applications;
                 physical-sensitivity-based models; Temperature; test
                 costs reduction; Test equipment; Testing; Voltage",
}

@Article{Socarras:1991:AXT,
  author =       "A. E. Socarras and R. S. Cooper and W. F.
                 Stoneycypher",
  title =        "Anatomy of an {X} terminal",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "52--55",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67286",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Anatomy; Application software; ASCII terminals;
                 client/server model; communication protocol; Computer
                 networks; display processing; Displays; graphical user
                 interfaces; graphics commands; human factors; Humans;
                 independent application processing; interface design;
                 Local area networks; local-area network; memory
                 architecture; Monitoring; Protocols; Switches;
                 vendor-neutral standard; Workstations; X protocol; X
                 terminal; X Window System",
}

@Article{Bell:1991:WBB,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "When bust is best (destructive testing)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "56--59",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67287",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "ANSI standards; AT and T Bell Laboratories; Circuit
                 testing; Communication equipment; Communication
                 standards; destructive testing; environmental testing;
                 EPRI; Fires; Laboratories; limit testing; Materials
                 testing; Power cables; safety margins; Springs;
                 Telecommunication standards",
}

@Article{Nahin:1991:BLT,
  author =       "Paul J. Nahin",
  title =        "Behind the {Laplace} transform",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "60--60",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.67288",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "computer programs; Convolution; Electrical
                 engineering; electrical engineering; Fourier
                 transforms; History; Integral equations; Laplace
                 equations; Laplace transform; Laplace transforms;
                 Mathematics; Modems; nonlinear circuits; Random
                 variables; Steady-state",
}

@Article{Rosenblatt:1991:WAH,
  author =       "A. Rosenblatt",
  title =        "Who's ahead in hi-tech?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "22--27",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.76297",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Business; commerce; electrical engineering; Electrical
                 engineering; Gallup Organization Incorporated; high
                 technology; Japan; Nihon Keizai Shimbun; technological
                 edge; US",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1991:CDH,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "The challenges of digital {HDTV}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "28--30",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.76298",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/datacompression.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Algorithm design and analysis; compression coding;
                 data compression; Degradation; digital communication
                 systems; digital HDTV; Digital systems; digital
                 transmission; encoding; FCC; HDTV; high definition
                 television; high-definition television; Instruments;
                 Motion compensation; motion compensation algorithms;
                 picture processing; System testing; television
                 broadcasting; terrestrial broadcast environment;
                 Transmitters; TV broadcasting",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:GEWa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "A guide to engineering workstations: tips on setting
                 up your workstation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "36--37",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.76300",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "back strain; Capacitive sensors; cathode-ray tube
                 displays; chair configurations; desk configurations;
                 Displays; ELF magnetic fields; engineering
                 workstations; ergonomic aspects; ergonomics;
                 Ergonomics; extremely low-frequency; eye strain;
                 Fatigue; Geophysical measurement techniques; Ground
                 penetrating radar; Magnetic fields; Monitoring; neck
                 strain; Optical reflection; positioning monitors;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Rachowitz:1991:GEW,
  author =       "B. I. Rachowitz and R. K. Maue and N. P. Angrisano and
                 B. Abramson",
  title =        "A guide to engineering workstations: using
                 workstations efficiently",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "38--40",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.76301",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "buyer's guides; CAD/CAM; CAD/CAM capabilities; CADCAM;
                 Computer aided manufacturing; computer-aided
                 engineering tools; Costs; Data engineering; Design
                 automation; Distributed computing; distributed
                 computing environment; engineering workstations;
                 Grumman Computer/Information Integrated Enterprise;
                 integrated electronic design system; LAN strategy;
                 Local area networks; local area networks; local-area
                 network; Maintenance engineering; open-architecture
                 environment; software; software engineering; software
                 tools; Software tools; Workstations",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:GEWb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "A guide to engineering workstations: add-ons for your
                 workstation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "52--57",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.76302",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "add-on boards; Application software; back-up systems;
                 buyer's guides; Central Processing Unit; Computer aided
                 engineering; computer graphic equipment; computer
                 interfaces; Control systems; coprocessors;
                 Coprocessors; digital storage; engineering
                 workstations; graphics adapter boards; hardware
                 accelerators; input devices; Local area networks;
                 local-area-network interface; Logic; output systems;
                 satellite computers; storage systems; Sun; Very large
                 scale integration; Workstations",
}

@Article{Horning:1991:GEW,
  author =       "R. J. Horning and M. Forsyth and J. Yetter and L. J.
                 Thayer",
  title =        "A guide to engineering workstations: how {ICs} impact
                 workstations",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "58--62",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.76303",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cache memory; Central Processing Unit; Coprocessors;
                 Cost function; Design engineering; engineering
                 workstations; Graphics; graphics performance;
                 high-performance; integrated circuits; Large scale
                 integration; microprocessor chips;
                 precision-architecture; Process design; Prototypes;
                 reduced instruction set computing;
                 reduced-instruction-set computer; single-user
                 workstation; Workstations",
}

@Article{Cross:1991:JNP,
  author =       "M. Cross",
  title =        "{Japan}'s nuclear power tightrope",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "77--80",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.76307",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "accidents; Accidents; Aging; Cooling; fission reactor
                 cooling and heat recovery; fission reactor fuel
                 preparation and reprocessing; fission reactor safety;
                 future energy needs; Inductors; Japan; nuclear fuel
                 reprocessing; nuclear power; Nuclear power generation;
                 nuclear waste depository; Petroleum; Power engineering
                 and energy; Power generation; pressurized-water
                 reactor; primary cooling system; PWR; radioactive
                 waste; safety; Technology forecasting; Timing",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1991:SCH,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Smart cars and highways go global",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "26--36",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83435",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "advanced traffic management systems; advanced traveler
                 information systems; advanced vehicle control systems;
                 Arteries; Automated highways; Automatic control;
                 commercial vehicle operations systems; Communication
                 system control; Communication system traffic control;
                 Europe; intelligent vehicle-highway systems;
                 Intelligent vehicles; IVHS; Japan; road traffic; Road
                 transportation; Road vehicles; socioeconomic factors;
                 traffic computer control; US; Vehicle driving",
}

@Article{Bell:1991:ISC,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Incredible shrinking computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "37--41",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83436",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application specific integrated circuits; batteries;
                 bottom-up design approach; Computer displays;
                 Computerized monitoring; desktop-power notebook
                 computers; disk drives; Drives; Handheld computers;
                 hard discs; Humans; Keyboards; Microprocessors;
                 Personal digital assistants; Portable computers;
                 portable computers; secondary cells; shock; vibration",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1991:UGS,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Utilities get serious about efficiency",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "42--43",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83437",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Atmospheric modeling; California; Carbon dioxide;
                 electricity supply industry; Electrons; Energy
                 efficiency; energy-efficient equipment;
                 energy-efficient lighting; energy-use reductions;
                 Equations; Fossil fuels; Home appliances; New England;
                 New York; Nitrogen; Pacific Gas & Electric; PG&E;
                 Potential energy; Power generation; utility efficiency
                 programs",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1991:WCC,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "{Wanlass}'s {CMOS} circuit",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "44--44",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83438",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aluminum; Circuits; CMOS circuit; CMOS integrated
                 circuits; Electrodes; Electron beams; Frank Wanlass;
                 Inverters; MOS devices; MOSFETs; Portfolios;
                 propagation delay times; Protection; Silicon;
                 two-transistor inverter",
}

@Article{Balk:1991:EAP,
  author =       "A. Balk",
  title =        "{East Asia}'s power crescent",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "26--29",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.81418",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asia; Business communication; Cities and towns; East
                 Asia; economic profiles; economics; Engines; Hong Kong;
                 International trade; Investments; Japan; Manufacturing;
                 Power generation economics; Singapore; South Korea;
                 Taiwan; technological profiles; Tides; Vehicles",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1991:PTL,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen and G. Watson and J. A. Adam and T. E.
                 Bell and K. Esch and K. Fitzgerald and Glenn Zorpette
                 and D. L. DiMaria",
  title =        "Poised for technological leadership",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "30--42",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.81419",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace; Aerospace electronics; Automotive
                 electronics; automotive electronics; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; computers; Consumer electronics;
                 consumer electronics; East Asian nations; electronics
                 industry; energy; Hong Kong; Japan; Manufacturing
                 automation; manufacturing automation; medical
                 electronics; microelectronics; Microelectronics;
                 military; Military communication; Military computing;
                 power; Singapore; South Korea; Taiwan;
                 Telecommunication computing; telecommunications;
                 transportation; Transportation",
}

@Article{Rosenblatt:1991:FCE,
  author =       "A. Rosenblatt and Tekla S. Perry and S. M. Dambrot and
                 P. Gwynne and G. Watson and K. Fitzgerald",
  title =        "Formula for competitiveness (electronics)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "49--62",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.81420",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asia; Cloning; Consumer electronics; Educational
                 institutions; Educational technology; electronics
                 industry; electronics marketplace; Explosions;
                 Government; Hong Kong; International trade; Japan;
                 Ministry of International Trade and Industry; MITI;
                 Robustness; Singapore; South Korea; Taiwan; Teamwork",
}

@Article{Shina:1991:CEN,
  author =       "S. G. Shina",
  title =        "Concurrent engineering: new rules for world-class
                 companies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "22--26",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83462",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Automobiles; Concurrent engineering; concurrent
                 engineering; continuous process improvement; Costs;
                 design; Design engineering; design engineering;
                 manufacture; manufacturing; Manufacturing industries;
                 Marketing and sales; multifunctional teaming; product
                 development; QC; quality control; quality function
                 deployment; Quality function deployment; R&D;
                 Reliability engineering; research and development
                 management; structured analysis; Teamwork; Total
                 quality management; total quality management",
}

@Article{Reddy:1991:CED,
  author =       "R. Reddy and R. T. Wood and K. J. Cleetus",
  title =        "Concurrent engineering: The {DARPA} initiative:
                 encouraging new industrial practices",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "26--27",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83463",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace engineering; Aircraft propulsion; Automotive
                 components; Computer networks; concurrent engineering;
                 Concurrent engineering; DARPA; DICE; Educational
                 institutions; Isolation technology; production control;
                 project; project engineering; QC; quality control; R&D
                 management; research and development management;
                 Software packages; Testing; USA; Workstations",
}

@Article{Turino:1991:CEM,
  author =       "J. Turino",
  title =        "Concurrent engineering: making it work calls for input
                 from everyone",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "30--32",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83464",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "concurrent engineering; Concurrent engineering;
                 Consumer electronics; Costs; Design engineering; design
                 engineering; development; Engineering management;
                 Hardware; Logic testing; Manufacturing; product design;
                 Product development; production control; project;
                 project engineering; Prototypes; QC; quality control;
                 R&D management; research and development management",
}

@Article{Wheeler:1991:CES,
  author =       "R. Wheeler and R. W. Burnett and A. Rosenblatt",
  title =        "Concurrent engineering: success stories in
                 instrumentation, communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "32--37",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83465",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "case histories; Cisco Systems; communications;
                 concurrent engineering; Concurrent engineering; Costs;
                 Design engineering; development; Engineering
                 management; Hewlett-Packard; instrumentation;
                 Instruments; internetworking; ITEK; Manufacturing
                 processes; oscilloscope; Oscilloscopes; Production;
                 production control; products; Project management;
                 quality control; R&D management; Raytheon; research and
                 development management; Springs",
}

@Article{Ferguson:1991:SMC,
  author =       "W. E. Ferguson",
  title =        "Selecting math coprocessors",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "38--41",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83469",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/typeset.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Analytical models; Apple Macintosh II PCs;
                 Computational modeling; Computer simulation;
                 Coprocessors; coprocessors; CPUs; data analysis; Data
                 analysis; Data engineering; design; desktop publishing;
                 digital arithmetic; digital simulation; equipment
                 selection (computers); Floating-point arithmetic;
                 floating-point arithmetic; hardware; IBM-compatible
                 PCs; Intel 80386; mathematics computing; memory-mapped;
                 microcomputer applications; Microcomputers;
                 microprocessors; Motorola 68030; Packaging;
                 performance; Personal communication networks; personal
                 computers; satellite computers; simulation; software;
                 spreadsheet; standard",
}

@Article{Bell:1991:USS,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell and K. Esch",
  title =        "The {United States} in space",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "18--20",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83483",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Apollo; business; Costs; Europe; History; management;
                 NASA; Probes; Space exploration; space research; Space
                 shuttles; Space stations; Space technology; US space
                 program; USA; Voting",
}

@Article{Gerla:1991:GDC,
  author =       "M. Gerla and J. A. Bannister",
  title =        "A guide to data communications: high-speed local-area
                 networks",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "26--31",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83486",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Broadcasting; Data communication; data communication
                 systems; dual queue distributed bus; FDDI; fiber
                 distributed data interface; Glass; high speed local
                 area networks; High speed optical techniques; LAN;
                 linear buses; local area networks; Local area networks;
                 mass of glass; multitoken protocol; optical fiber;
                 Optical fiber LAN; Optical fibers; optical fibres;
                 optical links; passive optical broadcast medium;
                 Protocols; protocols; supercomputer LAN;
                 Supercomputers; ultra-gigabit networks;
                 wavelength-division-multiplexed architecture",
}

@Article{Sharma:1991:GDC,
  author =       "R. L. Sharma",
  title =        "A guide to data communications: interconnecting
                 {LANs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "32--34 37",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83487",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "backbone networks; bridges; Bridges; Data
                 communication; data communication equipment; data
                 communications; FDDI; gateways; inter-computer links;
                 interconnected LAN; LAN interconnection; local area
                 networks; Local area networks; metropolitan area;
                 Multiplexing; multiplexing equipment; network
                 management; Open systems; Protocols; routers; Routing;
                 Spine; switched services; T1 multiplexers;
                 telecommunication network management; transmission
                 facilities",
}

@Article{Delisle:1991:GDC,
  author =       "D. Delisle and L. Pelamougues",
  title =        "A guide to data communications: {B-ISDN} and how it
                 works",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "39--42",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.83489",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "asynchronous transfer mode; Asynchronous transfer
                 mode; ATM; B-ISDN; BISDN; broadband integrated services
                 digital network; broadband networks; connectionless
                 service; Data communication; data communication
                 systems; data communications; Data engineering; Design
                 engineering; generic flow control; Graphics; ISDN;
                 narrowband ISDN; Packet switching; switching technique;
                 Synchronous digital hierarchy; Telephony; time division
                 multiplexing",
}

@Article{Adam:1991:GLW,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "{Gulf} legacy: warfare in the information age",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "26--33",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.84998",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace electronics; C/sup 4/I system; command;
                 command and control systems; Communication system
                 control; communications; Computer architecture;
                 Computer networks; computers; control; Control systems;
                 Databases; databases; F-117A stealth aircraft;
                 information architecture; intelligence; Military
                 computing; Mobile communication; Persian Gulf War;
                 satellites; Satellites; spy planes; Tomahawk cruise
                 missile; Weapons; worldwide network",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1991:GLE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "{Gulf} legacy: emulating the battlefield",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.85001",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Air safety; air warfare; Books; Desert Flag; Fires;
                 high technology training; History; Iron; Military
                 aircraft; military systems; multipole integrated laser
                 engagement system; Persian Gulf War; personnel; Spine;
                 training; Turning; US Air Force Fighter Weapons School;
                 US Army National Training Center; US military
                 personnel; Vehicle safety; Vehicles",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1991:GLF,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "{Gulf} legacy: from factory floor to desert war",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "40--42",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.85002",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "advanced radar; Airborne radar; Aircraft; aircraft;
                 Computational modeling; Computer simulation;
                 computerised system; contractor support; F-15E
                 aircraft; high technology systems; Joint Stars
                 surveillance aircraft; Logistics; logistics;
                 maintenance; maintenance engineering; military systems;
                 modified Boeing 707 aircraft; Optical materials;
                 Persian Gulf War; Production facilities; Radar
                 detection; Radar imaging; spare part transportation;
                 Surveillance",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1991:GLR,
  author =       "M. Riezenman",
  title =        "{Gulf} legacy: revising the script after {Patriot}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "49--52",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.85004",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Airplanes; Batteries; Collaborative work;
                 effectiveness; improvements; Missiles; missiles;
                 Patriot antimissile system; Persian Gulf War;
                 Protection; Storms; Target tracking; Technological
                 innovation; Terrorism; Thaad missile; theater high
                 altitude area defense; Timing",
}

@Article{Ang:1991:VCM,
  author =       "P. H. Ang and P. A. Ruetz and D. Auld",
  title =        "Video compression makes big gains",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "16--19",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.90209",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/datacompression.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Bandwidth; broadcasting; CCITT; CCITT Recommendation
                 H.261; communication; computing; data compression;
                 Digital audio broadcasting; digital integrated
                 circuits; digital storage media; Digital video
                 broadcasting; digital video standards; full-motion
                 compression; HDTV; High definition video; Humans; IC
                 chips; Image coding; Image storage; Joint Photographic
                 Experts Group; monolithic integrated circuits; Moving
                 Pictures Experts Group; picture processing; Signal
                 resolution; standards; teleconferencing; Video
                 compression; video compression; video equipment; video
                 signals; video teleconferencing",
}

@Article{Hills:1991:TIN,
  author =       "A. Hills",
  title =        "Teaching information networking",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "22--23",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.90210",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "business policy; circuit switching; communications
                 engineering; computer architecture; Computer
                 architecture; Computer science; computer science
                 courses; computers; corporate telecommunications
                 networks; distributed systems; Education; educational
                 courses; Electrical engineering; electrical engineering
                 courses; electronic information systems; information
                 networking; Integrated circuit technology; integrated
                 master's degree program; management information
                 systems; Management information systems; operating
                 systems; Operating systems; packet switching; Packet
                 switching; program courses; public policy; Public
                 policy; technology courses; Telecommunication
                 computing; telecommunication networks;
                 telecommunication systems; telecommunications",
}

@Article{Flores:1991:OLS,
  author =       "G. E. Flores and B. Kirkpatrick",
  title =        "Optical lithography stalls {X}-rays",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "24--27",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.90211",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "0.35 micron; 0.5 micron; 200 to 400 nm; deep UV
                 lithography; deep-UV excimer laser sources; Gas lasers;
                 Geometrical optics; high-numerical-aperture; IC chips;
                 IC manufacturing technology; integrated circuit
                 manufacture; lens devitrification; Lithography;
                 Manufacturing; multilevel-resist processing;
                 negative-tone resists; Optical devices; Optical
                 imaging; optical lithography; phase-shifting masks;
                 photolithography; Photonic integrated circuits;
                 photoresists; positive tone resists; Production
                 systems; Resists; step-and-repeat optical systems;
                 top-surface imaging; X-rays",
}

@Article{Ryder:1991:MM,
  author =       "J. D. Ryder",
  title =        "Magnetism without magnets",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "28--28",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.90213",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Batteries; Books; electromagnetism; Glass; history;
                 Lightning; magnetic field generation; Magnetic fields;
                 Magnetic forces; Magnetic separation; Magnets; Modems;
                 Needles; primary battery; solenoid",
}

@Article{Damiano:1991:LSA,
  author =       "R. Damiano and D. S. Reeves",
  title =        "Logic synthesis for {ASICs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "26--33",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.99013",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application specific integrated circuits; Application
                 specific integrated circuits; ASICs; cell array;
                 circuit analysis computing; description languages;
                 field programmable gate array; Field programmable gate
                 arrays; gate; hardware; Integrated circuit synthesis;
                 logic arrays; logic CAD; Logic circuits; Logic devices;
                 logic synthesis software; packages; Programmable logic
                 arrays; programmable logic device; Programmable logic
                 devices; Software performance; Software standards;
                 testability; timing; Timing",
}

@Article{Swanson:1991:SEF,
  author =       "D. G. Swanson",
  title =        "Simulating {EM} fields",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "34--37",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.99014",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Analytical models; circuit analysis computing; circuit
                 CAD; Circuit simulation; design; Design engineering;
                 digital simulation; electrical engineering computing;
                 Electromagnetic analysis; electromagnetic fields;
                 Electromagnetic fields; EM fields; Frequency; Hardware;
                 ICs; Integrated circuit modeling; Integrated circuit
                 packaging; integrated circuits; linear circuit
                 simulator; S-parameter files; S-parameters; software
                 packages; Software tools",
}

@Article{Schmalzel:1991:DH,
  author =       "J. L. Schmalzel",
  title =        "Data handling",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "38--42",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.99015",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CASE; computationally-intensive analyses; computerised
                 signal processing; data acquisition; Data acquisition;
                 data analysis; Data analysis; data capture; data
                 display; data handling; Data handling; data reporting;
                 Data visualization; Digital signal processing; digital
                 signal processing chips; Displays; DSP boards; Embedded
                 system; embedded systems; graphical user interfaces;
                 icons; microcomputer applications; Packaging; PC;
                 software packages; Software packages; software
                 packages; visualization; workstation; Workstations;
                 workstations",
}

@Article{Foster:1991:PM,
  author =       "Kenneth R. Foster",
  title =        "Prepackaged math",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "44--50",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.99016",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/axiom.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/macsyma.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/maple-extract.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/mathematica.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/matlab.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Chemical analysis; Data engineering; Data
                 visualization; Differential equations; Graphics; Hard
                 disks; manipulation; mathematical problems; mathematics
                 computing; matrices; matrix algebra; Packaging;
                 Personal communication networks; software packages;
                 Software packages; Workstations",
}

@Article{Mather:1991:ED,
  author =       "B. G. Mather",
  title =        "Embedding {DSP}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "52--55",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.99017",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/matlab.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Algorithm design and analysis; block-diagram
                 algorithm; circuit CAD; Computer architecture;
                 computerised signal processing; costs; debugging;
                 design; development; Digital signal processing; digital
                 signal processing chips; Digital signal processing
                 chips; digital signal processor; digital simulation;
                 emulation; Hardware; Job design; packages; Signal
                 design; Signal processing; Signal processing
                 algorithms; simulation; Software tools",
}

@Article{Topper:1991:ASD,
  author =       "Andrew Topper",
  title =        "Automating software development",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "56--56",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.99018",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CASE; Computer aided manufacturing; Computer aided
                 software engineering; computer aided software
                 engineering; Data engineering; design; distributed
                 environment; Hardware design languages; Packaging;
                 Programming; software development; software
                 engineering; Software packages; Software testing;
                 Software tools; software tools; Sun; tools",
}

@Article{Maccoby:1991:IMW,
  author =       "M. Maccoby",
  title =        "The innovative mind at work",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "23--35",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1991.4684834",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aging; Fiber lasers; Genetics; Helium; Laser
                 transitions; Optical design; Pediatrics; Power lasers;
                 Psychology; Technological innovation",
}

@Article{Kuhn:1991:IPM,
  author =       "D. R. Kuhn",
  title =        "{IEEE}'s {Posix}: making progress",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.106103",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 15 16:15:28 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "ANSI standards; application program; application
                 program interfaces; Computer industry; computer
                 interfaces; file system structures; IEEE Portable
                 Operating System Interface; interface standards;
                 interoperability; ISO standards; modules; network
                 interfaces; Open source software; open systems; Open
                 systems; Open Systems Environment; Operating systems;
                 portable software; Posix; programming environments;
                 software portability; Software standards; standards;
                 Standards development; Standards organizations; Unix;
                 Unix operating system; Voice mail",
}

@Article{Rosenblatt:1992:TPW,
  author =       "A. Rosenblatt",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- {PCs} and workstations",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "27--29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109588",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; Apple; Application software; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Computer interfaces; disk drives; IBM;
                 IC cards; Keyboards; Liquid crystal displays; Marketing
                 and sales; memory card standard; microcomputers;
                 Microcomputers; Operating systems; PC; PCMCIA trade
                 association; pen-based computers; personal computers;
                 Personal digital assistants; workstations;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Comerford:1992:TS,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- Software",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--32",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109590",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; Ada compilers; Application software; C++; CAE
                 companies; CASE; Companies; desktop computers; DOS;
                 Informix Software; International collaboration;
                 Marketing and sales; metrics; object-oriented
                 programming; OpenCase program; Operating systems; OS2;
                 Packaging; PC operating systems; Reduced instruction
                 set computing; RISC; software engineering; Software
                 packages; Springs; standards; Storage automation; Unix;
                 Windows",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1992:TLC,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- large computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "33--35",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109592",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; Aging; Computer networks; Concurrent
                 computing; Control systems; economics; Hardware; large
                 computers; Magnetic heads; mainframes; Microprocessors;
                 parallel processing; Parallel processing; parallelism;
                 Posix; standard; super computer; Unisys; Weight
                 control; Workstations",
}

@Article{Bell:1992:TT,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- Telecommunications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--38",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109594",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; Bell regional holding companies;
                 Communication industry; Europe; information services;
                 ISDN; North America; Optical attenuators; Optical pulse
                 generation; Optical pulses; Optical pumping; personal
                 communications services; Pulse amplifiers; Stimulated
                 emission; Switches; telecommunication",
}

@Article{Lowe:1992:TDC,
  author =       "S. J. Lowe",
  title =        "Technology, 1992-data communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "39--41",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109596",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; alliances; B-ISDN; Bandwidth; Communications
                 technology; Copper; data communication systems; data
                 communications; end-to-end public frame relay service;
                 Error analysis; FDDI-II; Fiber Distributed Data
                 Interchange II; Frame relay; Integrated circuit
                 technology; joint ventures; legislation; mergers;
                 multimedia transmission; National Research and
                 Education Network; networking standard; NREN; Packet
                 switching; Protocols; Telecommunication standards",
}

@Article{Watson:1992:TSS,
  author =       "G. F. Watson",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- solid state",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "42--44",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109598",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; chips; Computer architecture; digital signal
                 processors; Digital signal processors; embedded
                 microcontrollers; Explosives; Field programmable gate
                 arrays; field-programmable gate arrays;
                 Microcontrollers; modems; Modems; Power supplies; power
                 supply voltage; Reduced instruction set computing;
                 reduced instruction set computing;
                 reduced-instruction-set computer architecture; RISC;
                 Speech recognition; speech recognition equipment;
                 Telecommunication computing",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1992:TTM,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- test and measurement",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "45--46",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109600",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; Atom optics; boundary scan methods; Circuit
                 testing; Displays; Instruments; ion cooling; laser
                 trapping; logic analyzers; measurement;
                 Microprocessors; multiple microprocessors; Performance
                 evaluation; Personal communication networks; Power
                 engineering and energy; RISC; Spectral analysis;
                 standards; Standards organizations; testing",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1992:TIE,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- industrial electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "47--48",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109602",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; Automatic control; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Computer integrated manufacturing;
                 Computer vision; Consumer electronics; Control systems;
                 distributed control; Fuzzy logic; fuzzy logic;
                 industrial electronics; low-cost vision systems;
                 Machine vision; Manufacturing automation; motion
                 control; motors; power electronics; Programmable
                 control; programmable logic; robots; safety; speed
                 control; X-ray laminography systems",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1992:TPE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- power and energy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--51",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109604",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3168 MW; AD 1991; Carbon dioxide; coal scrubbing;
                 Combustion; Eastern Europe; Energy management; Finance;
                 Fluidization; Great Whale project; Home appliances;
                 Hydro-Quebec; hydroelectric power stations; Job shop
                 scheduling; long term energy strategies; Nitrogen;
                 nuclear power plants; nuclear power stations; Power
                 generation; Power system management; substations;
                 thermal power stations; US; Western Europe",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1992:TCE,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- Consumer electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--54",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109606",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/datacompression.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; cable television; Cable TV; consumer
                 electronics; Consumer electronics; data compression;
                 digital audio radio; digital audio tape; digital
                 compact disc systems; Electronic equipment testing;
                 FCC; Hardware; HDTV; HDTV transmission systems; high
                 definition television; IEL; Instruments; mini disc
                 systems; System testing; TV broadcasting; TV cable
                 systems; US; video and audio discs",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1992:TT,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- transportation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "55--57",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109608",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; Airports; Art; Cities and towns; Costs;
                 electric cars; English Channel tunnel; high-speed rail;
                 Joining processes; light rail; Light rail systems;
                 maglev; Magnetic levitation; North America; Rail
                 transportation; transportation; Vehicles",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1992:TME,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- medical electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "61--62",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109612",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; Arteries; artificial heart research;
                 biomedical electronics; Blood flow; blood gas
                 monitoring; Brain cells; ear thermometer; Head; Heart;
                 Hippocampus; human brain images; microprocessor-based
                 fiber-optic sensing system; Positron emission
                 tomography; recall process; Surgery; Testing; TV;
                 tympanic thermometer",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1992:TS,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Technology 1992 --- the specialities",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "63--63",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.109614",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1991; colour publishing; education; electromagnetic
                 compatibility; Electromagnetic compatibility;
                 Electromagnetic measurements; Engineering education;
                 Publishing; publishing software; undergraduate
                 engineering education; word-processing software",
}

@Article{Reinhart:1992:WLA,
  author =       "E. E. Reinhart and R. M. Taylor and A. O. Heyward and
                 J. Miller",
  title =        "{WARC}'s last act?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "20--23",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.119600",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1992 World Administrative Radio Conference; Artificial
                 satellites; Communications technology; Digital audio
                 broadcasting; digital audio broadcasting; direct
                 broadcasting by satellite; frequency allocation; high
                 definition television; high-definition satellite TV;
                 Law; Low earth orbit satellites; personal communication
                 networks; radio broadcasting; Radio frequency; Radio
                 spectrum management; radiocommunication; Read only
                 memory; Satellite broadcasting; universal personal
                 telecommunications; Wireless communication",
}

@Article{Reinhart:1992:B,
  author =       "E. E. Reinhart",
  title =        "Broadcasting",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "24--26",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.119603",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1992 World Administrative Radio Conference; automobile
                 receivers; digital audio broadcasting; Digital audio
                 broadcasting; digital radio systems; direct
                 broadcasting by satellite; Frequency; frequency
                 allocation; Hafnium; handheld receivers; high
                 definition television; high-definition television
                 broadcasting; high-frequency broadcasting; mobile radio
                 systems; Proposals; radio broadcasting; Radio
                 broadcasting; Radio spectrum management; Region 1;
                 Satellite broadcasting; satellite broadcasting;
                 shortwave broadcasting; television broadcasting;
                 terrestrial broadcasting; Transmitters; TV
                 broadcasting",
}

@Article{Reinhart:1992:MC,
  author =       "F. E. Reinhart",
  title =        "Mobile communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "27--29",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.119605",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1 to 3 GHz; 1992 World Administrative Radio
                 Conference; Aircraft; Artificial satellites; Costs;
                 Frequency; frequency allocation; Low earth orbit
                 satellites; Mobile communication; mobile
                 communications; mobile radio systems; Safety; Satellite
                 broadcasting; Satellite communication; satellite relay
                 systems; satellite techniques; SHF; Telecommunications;
                 terrestrial techniques; UHF",
}

@Article{Taylor:1992:SC,
  author =       "R. M. Taylor",
  title =        "Space communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "30--33",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.119606",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "2.025 to 2.11 GHz; 2.2 to 2.29 GHz; data relay links;
                 deep space interplanetary probes; Downlink; Earth;
                 Earth exploration satellites; electromagnetic spectrum;
                 extravehicular activities; Frequency; frequency
                 allocation; mobile communication systems; planetary
                 missions; Power system protection; Proposals; Radio
                 spectrum management; Satellite broadcasting; satellite
                 relay systems; space communication links; space
                 communications; Space missions; space operations; Space
                 technology; Space vehicles; UHF; World Administrative
                 Radio Conference",
}

@Article{Maunder:1992:TT,
  author =       "C. M. Maunder and R. E. Tulloss",
  title =        "Testability on {TAP}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "34--37",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.119610",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "automatic testing; Automatic testing; boundary scan;
                 chip tests; Circuit testing; Costs; EXTEST instruction;
                 IC; integrated circuit testing; Integrated circuit
                 testing; interconnect tests; INTEST instruction; Logic
                 testing; Manufacturing automation; Pins; SAMPLE
                 instruction; sampling; Standards development; System
                 testing; test access port; Test equipment",
}

@Article{Dye:1992:DSS,
  author =       "T. A. Dye and E. Teose",
  title =        "Digital storage scopes advance",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "38--41",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.119611",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aging; Cathode ray tubes; color display; colour
                 grading; data storage techniques; digital
                 instrumentation; digital storage oscilloscope;
                 Displays; Frequency; gross signal characteristics;
                 infinite persistence; Jitter; long-term drift; Memory;
                 metastable state; Oscilloscopes; oscilloscopes;
                 Phosphors; quantitative analyses; Signal processing;
                 Stability; variable persistence; worst-case jitter",
}

@Article{Hinton:1992:SP,
  author =       "H. S. Hinton",
  title =        "Switching to photonics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "42--45",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.119612",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Bandwidth; Bit rate; data switching; Directional
                 couplers; electro-optical devices; Fabrics; free-space
                 photonics; guided-wave photonics; Hardware;
                 Laboratories; multidivisional fabrics; multiplexing
                 equipment; Optical attenuators; Optical fibers; optical
                 switches; optical waveguides; packet switching;
                 Photonic integrated circuits; photonic time-slot
                 interchanges; self-electrooptic effect devices;
                 space-division multiplexing; Telecommunication
                 switching; time division multiplexing; time-division
                 multiplexing; video switching; voice switching;
                 wavelength division packet switching",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1992:HGP,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "{Hawaii}'s geothermal program",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "49--50",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.119614",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Crops; Earth; gases; geothermal power; Geothermal
                 power generation; H/sub 2/S; Hawaii; Law; Legal
                 factors; noise; Nuclear power generation; Petroleum;
                 Power generation; Thermal loading; Turbines; Wao Kele O
                 Puna rain forest",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1992:DV,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Digital video",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "24--30",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.123322",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CD players; Communication standards; computerised
                 picture processing; Digital communication; digital
                 communication systems; digital storage media; digital
                 video; full-motion compression; HDTV; high definition
                 television; Image processing; multimedia products;
                 Multimedia systems; multimedia systems; receivers;
                 standards; still-picture compression; Teleconferencing;
                 teleconferencing; television standards; video
                 equipment; Video equipment; video teleconferencing",
}

@Article{Watson:1992:RC,
  author =       "G. F. Watson",
  title =        "Refreshing curricula",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "31--35",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.123325",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "basic science; Design engineering; design projects;
                 Education; educational courses; Educational
                 institutions; engineering; engineering school
                 curricula; engineering science; humanities courses;
                 mathematics; multidisciplinary courses; precollege
                 students; qualified degree candidates; Synthesis
                 Coalition; teaching; Weaving",
}

@Article{Clark:1992:FPL,
  author =       "T. R. Clark",
  title =        "Fitting programmable logic",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.123326",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "device fitter; field programmable gate array; Field
                 programmable gate arrays; generic logic description;
                 logic arrays; logic CAD; Logic design; Logic devices;
                 Programmable logic arrays; programmable logic device;
                 Programmable logic devices; Routing; synthesis
                 software; user-programmable logic",
}

@Article{Bodson:1992:WLG,
  author =       "D. Bodson and E. Harris",
  title =        "When the lines go down (telecommunications)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "40--44",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.123327",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Artificial satellites; corporate entities; Disaster
                 management; emergency management centers; emergency
                 preparedness; emergency services; emergency
                 telecommunications; Humans; National security; national
                 security; Planning; plans; procedures; satellite
                 communication; telecommunication; telecommunications
                 planning; Wireless communication; wireless
                 communication",
}

@Article{Nahin:1992:MGU,
  author =       "Paul J. Nahin",
  title =        "{Maxwell}'s grand unification",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "45--45",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.123329",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/c/clerk-maxwell-james.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "electromagnetic field theory; Electromagnetic
                 radiation; electromagnetism; history; James Clerk
                 Maxwell; Microwave frequencies; Physics",
}

@Article{Simmons:1992:TBE,
  author =       "J. A. Simmons and P. A. Saillant and S. P. Dear",
  title =        "Through a bat's ear",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "46--48",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.123330",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/kbmath.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # " and " # ack-kb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "acoustic imaging; Acoustic imaging; acoustic signal
                 processing; Acoustic testing; Auditory system; auditory
                 system; bioacoustics; brown bats; Computational
                 modeling; computerised signal processing; Ear; echoes;
                 frequency-domain techniques; hearing; Image
                 reconstruction; real-time algorithm operation; Shape;
                 sonar; Sonar; sonar receiver; target shape
                 reconstruction; time-domain techniques; Very large
                 scale integration; VLSI; VLSI chip",
}

@Article{White:1992:CUC,
  author =       "R. M. White",
  title =        "A catalyst for {US} competitiveness",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "49--50",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.123331",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "academia cooperation; Business; businesses;
                 competitiveness; Educational institutions; government
                 laboratories; industry cooperation; Laboratories; Local
                 government; management; manufacturing; Manufacturing
                 industries; technological breakthroughs; universities;
                 US Commerce Department; US Department of Commerce; US
                 Government",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1992:SNS,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Seeking nuclear safeguards. {I}. {How} {Iraq}
                 reverse-engineered the bomb",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "20--24",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.127370",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Iraq; Iraqi nuclear program; nuclear bomb; nuclear
                 safeguards; weapons; Weapons",
}

@Article{Kaplen:1992:EWU,
  author =       "G. Kaplen",
  title =        "Engineering workstations --- the user's view",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "30--31",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.127373",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "engineering workstations; reliability; Reliability
                 engineering; reliability ratings; user survey;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Rosenblatt:1992:EWW,
  author =       "A. Rosenblatt",
  title =        "Engineering workstations --- what the vendors
                 wrought",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "38--42",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.127374",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "33 MHz; 40 MHz; 50 MHz; Central Processing Unit;
                 central processing units; CPU; desktop workstations;
                 engineering workstations; Manufacturing; portable
                 workstations; Power engineering and energy;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Comerford:1992:EWA,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Engineering workstations --- Add-ons add versatility",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "46--51",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.127377",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "add-on boards; computer peripheral equipment;
                 Coprocessors; Costs; display systems; Displays;
                 engineering workstations; enhanced graphics; Graphics;
                 Manufacturing; performance-boosting chip sets;
                 peripherals",
}

@Article{Koopman:1992:EWI,
  author =       "P. Koopman and D. P. Siewiorek",
  title =        "Engineering workstations --- {ICs}: the brains of a
                 workstation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "52--54",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.127378",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cache memory; cache memory IC; engineering
                 workstations; Graphics; graphics IC; I/O IC; integrated
                 memory circuits; microprocessor chips; system
                 integration; Workstations",
}

@Article{Hickerson:1992:EWM,
  author =       "L. B. Hickerson and C. S. Pervier and P. Valdes",
  title =        "Engineering workstations --- managing network
                 workstations",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "55--56",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.127379",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; computer communications
                 software; engineering workstations; network management
                 tools; network monitoring; Network servers; Remote
                 monitoring; remote workstations control; server
                 performance monitoring; software configuration;
                 software installation; Software measurement; Software
                 performance; standardization; Standardization;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Adam:1992:SNS,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Seeking nuclear safeguards. {II}. {Working} to halt
                 proliferation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "66--71",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.127383",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asia; Central Asia; Milling machines; Monitoring;
                 nuclear proliferation; nuclear safeguards; Nuclear
                 weapons; Soviet Union; Soviet weapons; US weapons;
                 weapons; weapons monitoring",
}

@Article{Horgan:1992:CSP,
  author =       "J. Horgan",
  title =        "{Claude E. Shannon} [Profile]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "72--75",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1992.672257",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/shannon-claude-elwood.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cryptography1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Biographies; Cryptography; Decoding; Mathematics",
}

@Article{Prince:1992:IGV,
  author =       "B. Prince and R. H. W. Salters",
  title =        "{ICs} going on a {3-V} diet",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "22--25",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.135403",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3 V; 5 V; Batteries; Clocks; Clouds; Computer
                 displays; Design engineering; Engines; Frequency;
                 integrated circuits; Layout; power consumption; power
                 supplies; power supplies to apparatus; standardisation;
                 Voltage; Workstations",
}

@Article{Levitt:1992:ATU,
  author =       "M. E. Levitt",
  title =        "{ASIC} testing upgraded",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "26--29",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.135405",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application specific integrated circuits; Application
                 specific integrated circuits; ASIC; Assembly systems;
                 Automatic testing; Built-in self-test;
                 built-in-self-test; Costs; Delay; integrated circuit
                 testing; Marketing and sales; massive observability;
                 nontraditional test methods; quality costs; scan; Sun;
                 test hardware costs; test pattern generation costs;
                 Thumb; time-to-market costs; Turning",
}

@Article{McCracken:1992:CDT,
  author =       "W. P. McCracken",
  title =        "{CCDing} in the dark (thermal imaging sensors)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "30--34",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.135406",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CCD image sensors; Charge coupled devices;
                 charge-coupled devices; Circuits; Costs; custom analog
                 CCD; Detectors; Image sensors; infrared imaging;
                 military equipment; military night vision systems;
                 Night vision; noise performance; Optical arrays;
                 Optical imaging; Sensor arrays; thermal imaging
                 sensors; Thermal sensors",
}

@Article{Hartman:1992:UDC,
  author =       "D. Hartman",
  title =        "Unclogging distributed computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.135407",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Computer networks; Distributed
                 computing; Distributed Computing Environment software;
                 distributed processing; Educational institutions;
                 Government; Hardware; interconnected computers; Local
                 area networks; Manufacturing; open systems; Open
                 systems; operating environments; Protection; security;
                 security of data",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1992:EL,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "{Elizabeth Laverick}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "40--42",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.135408",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "administration; Aerospace electronics; Auditory
                 system; avionics; Educational institutions; electrical
                 engineering; Elizabeth Laverick; Engineering
                 profession; Frequency; history; IEE; industry;
                 Laboratories; management; Mathematics; physics;
                 Physics; radio; Senior citizens; Testing; Women's
                 Engineering Society",
}

@Article{Likourezos:1992:JLB,
  author =       "G. Likourezos",
  title =        "{Jan. 28, 1958}: A laser is born",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "43--43",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.135409",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1958 01 28; Arthur L. Schawlow; Atomic beams;
                 Biomedical imaging; Cooling; diffraction grating;
                 Diffraction gratings; diffraction gratings; Energy
                 states; history; Laser modes; lasers; Masers; mode
                 selectivity; Optical resonators; ruby laser;
                 Spectroscopy; Stimulated emission",
}

@Article{Kurland:1992:SHH,
  author =       "M. Kurland",
  title =        "Surviving hell and high water (electronic equipment
                 design)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "44--47",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.135410",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "contaminants; corrosion; Corrosion; corrosion
                 protection; Costs; damage; Electronic equipment;
                 electronic equipment design; electronic equipment
                 manufacture; Electronic equipment manufacture; fire;
                 Fires; fires; flooding; Floods; Moisture; Surface
                 contamination; surface treatment; Testing; Water
                 pollution",
}

@Article{Guterl:1992:NRS,
  author =       "F. Guterl",
  title =        "{Nokia}'s rising star flickers (manufacturing firm)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "48--51",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.135411",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Arctic; cable; Companies; Consumer electronics;
                 electronics industry; GSM; HDTV; management;
                 Manufacturing industries; Marketing and sales; Nokia
                 Corp.; paper; pulp mill; Rubber; rubber; social
                 disruption; Tammerkoski River; Telephony; TV",
}

@Article{Smith:1992:DHT,
  author =       "T. J. Smith",
  title =        "Diversity in the high-tech workplace: preparing for
                 responsibility",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "31--31",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254010",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computer Science Corporation; Cultural differences;
                 Demography; Employment; Environmental economics; Equal
                 opportunities; Laboratories; management; management
                 responsibilities; Management training; personnel;
                 personnel development; Reflection; Research and
                 development; Spine",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1992:RXR,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Rethinking {X}-ray lithography",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "33--36",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254017",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Circuits; collimated point X-ray sources; collimation
                 methods; Costs; Electromagnetic radiation; Fabrication;
                 Laboratories; Optical collimators; Optical devices;
                 projection lithography; proximity lithography; Resists;
                 Synchrotrons; X-ray lithography",
}

@Article{Jones:1992:CME,
  author =       "C. Jones",
  title =        "{CASE}'s missing elements",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "38--41",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254018",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Automatic programming; Automation; CASE; Computer
                 aided software engineering; Computer industry;
                 computer-aided software engineering; Europe;
                 Programming profession; Quality function deployment;
                 Software engineering; software engineering; Software
                 systems; software tools; Software tools; training",
}

@Article{StJohn:1992:GSR,
  author =       "Anthony N. {St.John}",
  title =        "Grounds for signal referencing (earthing)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "42--45",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254019",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Communication cables; Computer aided manufacturing;
                 earthing; Electromagnetic compatibility;
                 Electromagnetic compatibility and interference;
                 Electromagnetic induction; electromagnetic
                 interference; Electromagnetic interference; Electronics
                 industry; Grounding; grounding; hostile electromagnetic
                 environment; Local area networks; sensitive electronic
                 systems; Working environment noise",
}

@Article{Sternglass:1992:FPC,
  author =       "D. Sternglass",
  title =        "The future is in the {PC} cards",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "46--50",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254020",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computational Intelligence Society; Digital cameras;
                 Energy consumption; flash-type nonvolatile memory
                 chips; Hard disks; IC memory cards; Local area
                 networks; Microcomputers; modems; Modems; network
                 ports; notebook computers; palmtop computers; PC cards;
                 peripherals; personal computer cards; Personal digital
                 assistants; Random access memory; Read-write memory;
                 smart cards; storage devices",
}

@Article{Schoch:1992:CP,
  author =       "K. F. Schoch and H. E. Saunders",
  title =        "Conducting polymers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "52--55",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254021",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3 V; Aerospace materials; aircraft; Batteries;
                 coatings; Coatings; coin-sized primary battery;
                 Commercialization; Conducting materials; conducting
                 polymers; electromagnetic interference; Electromagnetic
                 interference; EMI shielding; fabrication; Fabrication;
                 magnetic shielding; Polymers; primary cells; processing
                 characteristics; semiconductor devices; Semiconductor
                 materials; solar cells; Stability; stability",
}

@Article{DiTomaso:1992:DHT,
  author =       "N. DiTomaso and G. F. Farris",
  title =        "Diversity in the high-tech workplace: diversity and
                 performance in {R\&D}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "21--24",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254039",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cultural differences; Demography; Employment;
                 engineers; Environmental economics; Equal
                 opportunities; foreign-born scientists; high-tech
                 workplace; Laboratories; leadership; Management
                 training; men; native-born minorities; native-born
                 white people; performance; personnel; R&D; Reflection;
                 Research and development; research and development
                 management; scientists; Spine; teamwork; US companies;
                 women",
}

@Article{Barclay:1992:DHT,
  author =       "D. Barclay",
  title =        "Diversity in the high-tech workplace: commitment from
                 the top makes it work",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "24--27",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254040",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Companies; education; employee networking
                 organizations; Employment; Engineering profession;
                 Hughes Aircraft Company; Laboratories; management;
                 Manufacturing; minorities; Performance evaluation;
                 personnel; planned mentoring; qualified prospective
                 employees; Research and development; Size measurement;
                 Teamwork; Time measurement; women",
}

@Article{Richards:1992:DHT,
  author =       "S. Richards",
  title =        "Diversity in the high-tech workplace: making engineers
                 feel at home",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "29--30",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254041",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "accent improvement; American business culture;
                 American idioms; Art; business writing; Companies;
                 Cultural differences; Earth; Economic indicators;
                 Educational institutions; employees; Employment;
                 Grounding; Intel Corp.; intercultural training; Iron;
                 management; multicultural integration workshop;
                 personnel; South America; vocabulary",
}

@Article{Batten:1992:DHT,
  author =       "E. Batten",
  title =        "Diversity in the high-tech workplace: forums for
                 diversity",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "27--29",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.254042",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AT&T; diverse workforce; management; personnel",
}

@Article{Comerford:1992:HDD,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "How {DEC} developed {Alpha}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "26--31",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144508",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "400 GIPS; 64 bit; Alpha; Clocks; Computer aided
                 software engineering; Computer architecture; DEC; life
                 expectancy; Manufacturing; Microcomputers;
                 Microprocessors; Open systems; Operating systems;
                 performance increase; reduced instruction set
                 computing; Reduced instruction set computing;
                 reduced-instruction-set computer; RISC; Voice mail",
}

@Article{Schwartz:1992:FLF,
  author =       "D. G. Schwartz and G. J. Klir",
  title =        "Fuzzy logic flowers in {Japan}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "32--35",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144509",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cameras; commercial implementation; computerised
                 control; control system; control systems; controllers;
                 Fuzzy control; Fuzzy logic; fuzzy logic; Fuzzy sets;
                 Fuzzy systems; Humans; Hybrid intelligent systems;
                 Japan; Manufacturing processes; Temperature control;
                 theoretical development; Three-term control",
}

@Article{Fisher:1992:IPR,
  author =       "P. D. Fisher",
  title =        "Improving on police radar",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "38--43",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144510",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "across-the-road laser systems; across-the-road radar;
                 antenna axis; cameras; Cameras; Doppler radar;
                 down-the-road Doppler-radar; down-the-road laser
                 systems; Laser radar; lasers; measurement by laser
                 beam; Optical signal processing; passive monitoring;
                 police radar; Radar antennas; radar applications; Radar
                 equipment; Radar signal processing; Road safety; Road
                 transportation; signal processing; surveillance
                 cameras; Vehicles; velocity measurement; video
                 records",
}

@Article{Hess:1992:AQL,
  author =       "K. Hess and G. J. Iafrate",
  title =        "Approaching the quantum limit",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "44--49",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144511",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application specific integrated circuits; Electron
                 beams; electron wavelike behaviour; fabrication;
                 Integrated circuit technology; Interference; MOSFETs;
                 nanometer domain; quantum interference; quantum
                 interference devices; quantum interference phenomena;
                 quantum limit; Quantum mechanics; semiconductor
                 geometries; semiconductor technology; Silicon; size
                 quantization effects; Switches; Temperature; Voltage",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1992:GBT,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Good-bye to {TV} ghosts",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "50--52",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144512",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "broadcast ghost-canceling reference signal; Circuits;
                 Delay; Digital signal processors; digital
                 signal-processing circuits; Distortion; Filters;
                 interference suppression; multipath distortion erasing;
                 Proposals; receiver ghost-canceling system; System
                 testing; television interference; television receivers;
                 television standards; TV broadcasting; TV ghost images;
                 TV receivers; TV sets; US standards; Voting",
}

@Article{Adam:1992:DST,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Data security --- threats and countermeasures",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "21--28",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144532",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aircraft; Capacitive sensors; Computer viruses;
                 computer viruses; Hard disks; Information security;
                 local area networks; Physics computing; polymorphic
                 viruses; Privacy; protection; stealth viruses; Testing;
                 Videos; Virus Exchange Bulletin Boards; Viruses
                 (medical)",
}

@Article{Adam:1992:DSC,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Data security --- cryptography = privacy?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "29--35",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144533",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cryptography1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computer security; cryptography; Cryptography;
                 cryptography; Data security; data security; Digital
                 Signature Standard; Digital signatures; Electronic
                 commerce; enciphering schemes; encryption; Government;
                 government intelligence agencies; Information security;
                 Modems; National security; NIST; public-key
                 cryptography; standards",
}

@Article{Bowles:1992:DSB,
  author =       "J. B. Bowles and C. E. Pelaez",
  title =        "Data security --- bad code",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "36--40",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144534",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "bacteria; bad code; computer disease prevention;
                 computer diseases; Computer security; computer viruses;
                 Computer viruses; Computer worms; data security;
                 Internet network; Invasive software; Logic; malicious
                 code; Microorganisms; Program processors; Taxonomy;
                 viruses; Viruses (medical); Weapons; worms",
}

@Article{Watson:1992:MRN,
  author =       "G. F. Watson",
  title =        "{MIL} reliability: a new approach",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "46--49",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144536",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Books; Circuit faults; circuit reliability; Electronic
                 Equipment; environmental stresses; Equations; failure
                 analysis; Failure analysis; Heat engines; Integrated
                 circuit reliability; Laboratories; Maintenance;
                 MIL-HDBK-217; operating stresses; packaging; Physics;
                 physics-of-failure analyses; Reliability engineering;
                 Reliability Prediction; stress-margin approach",
}

@Article{Ralston:1992:CS,
  author =       "R. W. Ralston and M. A. Kastner and W. J. Gallagher
                 and B. Batlogg",
  title =        "Cooperating on superconductivity",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "50--55",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144537",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AT and T; circuits; Consortium for Superconducting
                 Electronics; Councils; Crystalline materials; Executive
                 Committee; film-deposition techniques; Government;
                 high-temperature superconductivity; high-temperature
                 superconductors; IBM; junctions; Laboratories;
                 microwave networks; MIT; research initiatives;
                 substrate materials; Superconducting materials;
                 Superconducting thin films; Superconductivity; Surface
                 resistance; Temperature",
}

@Article{Pfleeger:1992:MSR,
  author =       "S. L. Pfleeger",
  title =        "Measuring software reliability",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "56--60",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.144538",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Circuits; developer-based view; failure-based
                 approach; IEEE/ANSI definition; Petroleum; Prototypes;
                 software faults; Software measurement; Software
                 prototyping; software reliability; Software
                 reliability; software reliability; Software testing;
                 System testing; user-based view; Wiring; Yield
                 estimation",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1992:SPP,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Supercomputers --- the power of parallelism",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "28--33",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155705",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aircraft; bandwidth; Biomedical monitoring; CM-5;
                 Computer aided instruction; Computer architecture;
                 Concurrent computing; Finance; Government; Marketing
                 and sales; massively parallel processors; memory
                 sharing; nCube 2S; Paragon; parallel architectures;
                 parallel machines; Parallel processing; standards;
                 Supercomputers",
}

@Article{Comerford:1992:SSB,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Supercomputers --- software on the brink",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "34--38",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155706",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cities and towns; Computer aided manufacturing;
                 Computer architecture; Computer interfaces; dialects;
                 Hardware; languages; operating system environment;
                 Operating systems; operating systems (computers);
                 Parallel processing; parallel programming; Springs;
                 supercomputer software; supercomputers; Supercomputers;
                 Telephony; Unix",
}

@Article{Cybenko:1992:SRE,
  author =       "G. Cybenko and D. J. Kuck",
  title =        "Supercomputers --- revolution or evolution?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "39--41",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155707",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "0.1 to 35 GFLOPS; Clocks; Computer architecture;
                 Computer industry; Concurrent computing; Hardware;
                 Large-scale systems; Manufacturing industries; massive
                 parallelism; parallel machines; Parallel machines;
                 Parallel processing; performance evaluation; software
                 requirements; system packaging; System software",
}

@Article{Kahaner:1992:SJC,
  author =       "D. K. Kahaner and U. Wattenberg",
  title =        "{Supercomputing-Japan}: a competitive assessment",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "42--47",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155708",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "5 to 8 GFLOPS; Arithmetic; Central Processing Unit;
                 Computer industry; Hardware; high-speed single
                 processor systems; Home computing; Information
                 technology; intuitive information processing; Japanese
                 supercomputers; Manufacturing industries; Ministry of
                 International Trade and Industry; National electric
                 code; parallel machines; Real-World Computing Program;
                 research initiatives; Supercomputers; Telephony; US
                 machines; vector processing functions",
}

@Article{Catlett:1992:SBR,
  author =       "C. E. Catlett",
  title =        "Supercomputing --- balancing resources",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "48--55",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155709",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; bottlenecks; computer
                 interfaces; Computer networks; Data communication;
                 fiber-optic technologies; High performance computing;
                 high-speed data communications; Hippi; Humans; Local
                 area networks; mass storage systems; parallel
                 processing; Supercomputers; supercomputing; Testing;
                 Throughput; Workstations",
}

@Article{Grossman:1992:SMR,
  author =       "M. Grossman",
  title =        "Supercomputers --- modeling reality",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "56--60",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155710",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computational fluid dynamics; Computational modeling;
                 Computer aided manufacturing; digital simulation;
                 Drugs; electromagnetic simulation; Engines; geology;
                 Graphics; High performance computing; imaging; internal
                 combustion engines; Laboratories; meteorology;
                 molecular biology; natural sciences computing; ocean
                 services; parallel processing; semiconductor crystal
                 growth; Supercomputers; teraflop machines; Testing;
                 turbulence",
}

@Article{Arrott:1992:SPV,
  author =       "M. Arrott and S. Latta",
  title =        "Supercomputers --- perspectives on visualization",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "61--65",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155711",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Animation; Blood flow; Clouds; computer graphics;
                 cross-fertilization; data analysis; Geometry; Graphics;
                 interactive capability; Layout; Moon; Shape; Storms;
                 three-dimensional scene; two-dimensional image plane;
                 Visualization; visualization",
}

@Article{Dozier:1992:SSS,
  author =       "H. Dozier",
  title =        "Supercomputers --- superchips for supercomputing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "66--68",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155712",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "BiCMOS; BiCMOS integrated circuits; BIMOS integrated
                 circuits; Central Processing Unit; CMOS logic circuits;
                 current-mode logic; Delay; emitter-coupled logic; field
                 effect integrated circuits; GaAs; GaAs direct-coupled
                 field-effect-transistor; GaAs memory; gallium arsenide;
                 Gallium arsenide; integrated memory circuits; Logic
                 devices; Logic gates; Si; Si emitter-coupled logic;
                 Silicon; Supercomputers; Workstations",
}

@Article{Watson:1992:SIP,
  author =       "G. F. Watson",
  title =        "Supercomputers --- interconnections and packaging",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "69--71",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155713",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1 GHz; 1-GHz clock rates; Clocks; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; cooling; diamond; exotic materials; Heat
                 engines; high-temperature superconductivity;
                 input/output connections; Integrated circuit
                 interconnections; integrated circuit technology;
                 interconnection layers; multichip modules; packaging;
                 Packaging; Space heating; Space technology; Substrates;
                 Supercomputers; Thermal conductivity",
}

@Article{Bell:1992:SBT,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Supercomputers --- beyond today's supercomputers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "72--75",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.155714",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Assembly; bacteria; biocomputers; biomolecular
                 devices; computational model; Glass; lithographic
                 masks; Logic gates; masks; Microorganisms; neural nets;
                 neural networks; Optical fiber networks; optical
                 information processing; optical interconnect; organic
                 molecules; parallel architectures; parallel processing;
                 Quantum computing; Quantum dots; Space technology;
                 supercomputers; Supercomputers; technological
                 forecasting; Wires",
}

@Article{Perry:1992:EMMa,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry and J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Electronic mail --- {E}-mail: pervasive and
                 persuasive",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "22--23",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158628",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Collaboration; Computer networks; Costs; E-mail;
                 Educational institutions; electronic mail; Electronic
                 mail; electronic mail; Postal services; Resists; Road
                 transportation; Supercomputers; telecommunication
                 networks; US Government",
}

@Article{Perry:1992:EMMb,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Electronic mail --- {E}-mail at work",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "24--28",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158629",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CAD; Design automation; Design engineering; design
                 projects; E-mail; Electrical capacitance tomography;
                 electronic mail; Electronic mail; engineering
                 computing; Engineering management; flexibility; Motion
                 pictures; Postal services; project engineering; Project
                 management; Scattering; Scheduling; telephone tag
                 dissonance; time zone dissonance",
}

@Article{Adam:1992:EMP,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Electronic mail --- playing on the net",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "29--29",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158630",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "chat features; Cities and towns; Communications
                 technology; digital dating; electronic mail; Electronic
                 music; entertainment; fantasy games; Games; Graphics;
                 Internet; Motion pictures; Out of order; personal
                 magazines; Production; recreational aspects;
                 Telecommunications",
}

@Article{Perry:1992:EMF,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Electronic mail --- forces for social change",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "30--32",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158631",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Broadcasting; china; Cities and towns; Computer
                 networks; Computer security; electronic mail;
                 Electronic mail; electronic mail; electronic networks;
                 Facsimile; Government; government data processing;
                 governments; Information security; IP networks;
                 political campaigns; politics; TV; USA; USSR",
}

@Article{Ng:1992:MFC,
  author =       "R. Ng",
  title =        "Memory --- fast computer memories",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158634",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Audio recording; Auditory displays; buffer storage;
                 cache; Central Processing Unit; Clocks; computer
                 memories; Computer performance; DRAM; DRAM chips;
                 dynamic RAM; Graphics; hierarchy; internal registers;
                 main memory; mass storage; memory access time; Modems;
                 performance; Random access memory; Reduced instruction
                 set computing; Registers",
}

@Article{Salters:1992:MFD,
  author =       "R. H. W. Salters",
  title =        "Memory --- fast {DRAMs} for sharper {TV}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "40--42",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158635",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1f noise; Computer graphics; Costs; display; DRAM;
                 DRAM chips; fast memories; HDTV; high definition
                 television; image processing; memory throughput; Noise
                 reduction; picture enhancement; Random access memory;
                 Read-write memory; Throughput; TV",
}

@Article{Jones:1992:MNE,
  author =       "F. Jones and B. Prince and R. Norwood and J. Hartigan
                 and W. C. Vogley and C. A. Hart and D. Bondurant",
  title =        "Memory --- a new era of fast dynamic {RAMs} (for video
                 applications)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "43--45",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158636",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application specific integrated circuits;
                 applications; ASIC; buffer storage; cache DRAMs;
                 Clocks; Delay; DRAM; DRAM chips; enhanced DRAMs; fast
                 dynamic RAMs; Graphics; Manufacturing; Microprocessors;
                 on-chip buses; Packaging; Rambus DRAMs; Random access
                 memory; Read-write memory; synchronous DRAMs;
                 Transceivers; video DRAMs; video equipment",
}

@Article{Farmwald:1992:MFP,
  author =       "M. P. Farmwald and D. Mooring",
  title =        "Memory --- a fast path to one memory",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "50--51",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158637",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "2 ns; chip-to-chip interface; Clocks; Computer
                 displays; Computer graphics; computer interfaces;
                 Delay; design; display; DRAM; DRAM chips; Drives; high
                 speed channel; Impedance; interconnection; Latches;
                 Memory architecture; performance; Random access memory;
                 Read-write memory; unified memory system",
}

@Article{Gjessing:1992:MRL,
  author =       "S. Gjessing and D. B. Gustavson and D. V. James and G.
                 Stone and H. Wiggers",
  title =        "Memory --- a {RAM} link for high speed",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "52--53",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158638",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/virtual-machines.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Bandwidth; buffer storage; collision avoidance; Delay;
                 digital simulation; DRAM chips; DRAMs; dynamic RAMs;
                 Encoding; fast memories; fast processors; flash
                 nonvolatile memory; HDTV; interface; internal caching
                 mechanisms; Joining processes; memory-mapped disks;
                 mismatching; model; object-oriented language;
                 object-oriented programming; open standard; open
                 systems; Packaging; performance; RAM link; RamLink;
                 Random access memory; Read-write memory; Registers;
                 ROM; Simula; Standards development; system buses;
                 virtual machines",
}

@Article{Foss:1992:MFI,
  author =       "R. C. Foss and B. Prince and R. Rodgers and D. B.
                 Gustavson and D. V. James and G. Stone and S.
                 Kempainen",
  title =        "Memory --- fast interfaces for {DRAMs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "54--57",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158639",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "5 V; BiCMOS integrated circuits; Bipolar transistors;
                 centre tap terminations; Circuit testing; CMOS
                 technology; computer interfaces; Costs; differential
                 signaling; DRAM chips; DRAMs; Gunning transceiver
                 logic; interfaces; Logic circuits; Logic devices; LV;
                 Pins; processors; Rail to rail outputs; Random access
                 memory",
}

@Article{Cox:1992:FF,
  author =       "E. Cox",
  title =        "Fuzzy fundamentals",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "58--61",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158640",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "control system synthesis; control systems; Control
                 systems; design; fuzzy control; Fuzzy control; fuzzy
                 controller; fuzzy logic; Fuzzy logic; fuzzy logic
                 systems; Fuzzy reasoning; Fuzzy sets; Fuzzy systems;
                 machine control; models; Power system management;
                 Project management; steam turbine; steam turbines;
                 Temperature control; Temperature distribution",
}

@Article{Persoz:1992:CEP,
  author =       "H. Persoz and J. Remondeulaz",
  title =        "Consolidating {European} power",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "62--65",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158641",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "50 Hz; AC; Continents; DC; electric generators;
                 electric torque; Energy exchange; Europe; Frequency
                 synchronization; generators; HVDC transmission; Iron;
                 Lakes; Power generation economics; power grids; Power
                 grids; Power system interconnection; power system
                 interconnection; rotors; switching; synchronisation;
                 synchronous coupling; torque",
}

@Article{Rechtin:1992:ASA,
  author =       "E. Rechtin",
  title =        "The art of systems architecting",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "66--69",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.158642",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace engineering; architecting; architecture;
                 Art; Buildings; Communication networks; complex
                 systems; Computer architecture; concurrent engineering;
                 design; Design engineering; development; large-scale
                 systems; Neural networks; product development; R&D
                 management; Reliability engineering; research and
                 development management; Subspace constraints; Systems
                 engineering and theory",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1992:EV,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "Electric vehicles",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "18--21",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166491",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "air pollution; Automobiles; Batteries; CADCAM;
                 California Air Resources Board mandate; Cities and
                 towns; Computer aided manufacturing; cost; Earth;
                 electric vehicles; Electric vehicles; internal
                 combustion vehicle; Petroleum; Plugs; range; recharge
                 time; Solids",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1992:EVP,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "Electric vehicles --- pursuing efficiency",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "22--24",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166493",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerodynamic drag; Aerodynamics; Batteries; batteries;
                 bearing friction; brake drag; Drag; efficiency;
                 Electric motors; electric motors; Electric resistance;
                 Electric vehicles; electric vehicles; energy
                 management; Energy management; Friction; power
                 electronics; Power electronics; power electronics;
                 regenerative braking; secondary cells; tire rolling
                 resistance; Tires; vehicle weight",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1992:EST,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan",
  title =        "Engineering software --- talking about tools",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "32--33",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166496",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Circuit simulation; Computational modeling; Computer
                 simulation; Design engineering; engineering computing;
                 engineering software; Hardware; Personal communication
                 networks; Sampling methods; software design; software
                 tools; software usage; Solid modeling; system design;
                 Workstations; Writing",
}

@Article{Smith:1992:ESM,
  author =       "M. J. S. Smith",
  title =        "Engineering software --- more logic synthesis for
                 {ASICs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "44--48",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166499",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application specific integrated circuits; Application
                 specific integrated circuits; application-specific
                 integrated circuit; ASIC; CAD; circuit layout CAD;
                 computer aided design tools; data entry; Design
                 automation; engineering software; hardware description
                 languages; Hardware design languages; High speed
                 integrated circuits; Integrated circuit reliability;
                 Integrated circuit synthesis; layout tools; logic CAD;
                 Logic design; logic synthesis tools; Reliability
                 engineering; software packages; Switches; Very high
                 speed integrated circuits",
}

@Article{Harjani:1992:ESD,
  author =       "R. Harjani",
  title =        "Engineering software --- designing mixed-signal
                 {ICs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "49--51",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166500",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "analog components; CAD tool development; circuit CAD;
                 Circuit noise; Circuit simulation; Design automation;
                 digital components; Digital signal processing;
                 engineering software; hardware description languages;
                 Hardware design languages; Integrated circuit modeling;
                 integrated circuits; Logic design; mixed signal IC
                 design; physical design tools; Signal design; Signal
                 processing; software packages; Sun",
}

@Article{Sabonnadiere:1992:ESC,
  author =       "J.-C. Sabonnadiere and A. Konrad",
  title =        "Engineering software --- computing {EM} fields",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "52--54",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166501",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "digital simulation; eddy currents; electrical
                 engineering computing; Electromagnetic analysis;
                 Electromagnetic compatibility; Electromagnetic devices;
                 electromagnetic field simulation; electromagnetic
                 fields; EM fields; finite difference method; finite
                 element method; Geometry; Magnetic analysis;
                 Magnetostatics; Personal communication networks;
                 software packages; Sun; thermal behavior; Transient
                 analysis; Voice mail",
}

@Article{Dai:1992:ESM,
  author =       "Wayne Wei-Ming Dai",
  title =        "Engineering software --- multichip routing and
                 placement",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "61--62",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166502",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aging; CAD systems; circuit layout CAD; concurrent
                 engineering; correct by design; Costs; Design
                 automation; Design engineering; interactive placement;
                 interactive routing; interconnecting network design;
                 Manufacturing; MCM; multichip modules; Multichip
                 modules; network routing; packaging; Routing;
                 rubber-band routing; shape-based routing; software
                 packages; Substrates; Sun; thin-film multichip modules;
                 Transistors; warping",
}

@Article{Cerchione:1992:ESD,
  author =       "R. G. Cerchione",
  title =        "Engineering software --- data acquisition made
                 simpler",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "66--71",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166503",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "add-in board compatibility; data acquisition; Data
                 acquisition; data acquisition software; Data analysis;
                 Digital signal processing; Displays; graphical
                 interfaces; Hardware; Packaging; Personal communication
                 networks; platform independence; Sampling methods;
                 Software libraries; software packages; Software
                 packages; software packages",
}

@Article{Foster:1992:ESM,
  author =       "Kenneth R. Foster",
  title =        "Engineering software --- math and graphics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "72--72",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166504",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; computer graphics; Data
                 engineering; educational markets; engineer; engineering
                 computing; Filters; Graphics; graphics packages;
                 Mathematical model; mathematical packages; mathematics
                 computing; Mechanical systems; Packaging; Power
                 engineering and energy; Power system modeling; Software
                 packages; software packages; technical markets",
}

@Article{Robison:1992:EST,
  author =       "R. W. Robison",
  title =        "Engineering software --- tools for embedding {DSP}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "81--82",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166505",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Algorithm design and analysis; algorithm development;
                 debugging; Digital signal processing; digital signal
                 processing; Digital signal processing chips; digital
                 signal processing chips; DSP chip embedding; electronic
                 engineering computing; Embedded system; multiprocessor
                 system design; Packaging; Signal design; Signal
                 processing algorithms; Software algorithms; software
                 coding; Software debugging; Software packages; software
                 packages",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1992:EVA,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "Electric vehicles-architecting the system",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "94--96",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166508",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Air pollution; Automobiles; battery chargers; battery
                 recharging facilities; battery recycling facilities;
                 Cables; charging installations; Combustion; electric
                 vehicles; Electric vehicles; electric vehicles;
                 electrical system capacity; emergency road service; EV
                 accidents; firefighting personnel training; Fuels;
                 Gases; Horses; police training; public education;
                 quick-charge stations; Radar; rate structures; Road
                 accidents; safety; technician deployment; technician
                 training",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1992:EVG,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "Electric vehicles-the great battery barrier",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "97--101",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.166509",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Batteries; battery; battery chargers; Costs; electric
                 road vehicles; electric vehicles; Electric vehicles;
                 electrochemical power source; Electrodes; Energy
                 storage; Fault location; Fuel economy; Power generation
                 economics; Production; recharging time; secondary
                 cells; Voltage",
}

@Article{Gilliland:1992:CDE,
  author =       "M. W. Gilliland and P. MacCorquodale and J. P. Kash
                 and A. Jameton",
  title =        "Conversion and the defense engineer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "26--28",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.177261",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Biomedical engineering; Business; civilian sector;
                 Companies; defense engineer; Defense industry;
                 Employment; Engineering profession; engineering skills
                 transfer; Humans; Marketing and sales; military; Peace
                 technology; Remuneration; technology transfer",
}

@Article{Perry:1992:EP,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Engineers in profile",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "29--36",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.177262",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "defense jobs; engineering; Engineering; engineers;
                 personnel; Personnel",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1992:CP,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan and G. F. Watson and L. Curran and M. J.
                 Riezenman",
  title =        "Companies in profile",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "37--45",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.177263",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "commercial markets; GEC-Marconi; Hughes Aircraft;
                 Irvine Sensors; Israeli defense industry; M/A-COM;
                 military market; products; Qualcomm; Raytheon;
                 services; technology transfer; Technology transfer;
                 Thomson-CSF; Westinghouse",
}

@Article{Adam:1992:HGC,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "How government can help (defense production
                 downsizing)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "46--52",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.177273",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aircraft; Arm; congressional actions; defense funds;
                 Defense industry; defense production downsizing;
                 economy; government policies; high-quality military
                 capability; Large-scale systems; Local government;
                 Marketing and sales; Missiles; Production; US
                 Department of Defense; US Government; US government",
}

@Article{Cole:1992:DLM,
  author =       "B. Cole",
  title =        "{DOE} labs: models for tech transfer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "53--57",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.177278",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "commercial applications; Defense industry; Department
                 of Energy; development; Laboratories; laboratories;
                 Microelectronics; military applications; National
                 security; private companies; R and D; research;
                 Research and development; research and development
                 management; technology transfer; Technology transfer;
                 Turning; US Department of Energy; US Government; US
                 security; Weapons; weapons work",
}

@Article{Wolff:1992:LNS,
  author =       "H. Wolff",
  title =        "Learning new skills",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "58--61",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.177280",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace engineering; Aerospace industry; Biomedical
                 engineering; Circuits; Defense industry; Design
                 engineering; engineering; engineers; Industrial
                 training; Management training; Marine vehicles;
                 retraining; training; Unemployment",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1992:CCE,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman and J. S. Gansler and J. J. Guarrera
                 and H. Gracon and G. L. Brown and D. L. Schilling and
                 E. B. Woollen and R. J. Polutchoko and R. F. Rogers",
  title =        "The courage to convert (engineers)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "62--68",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.177284",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "business; Business; commercial sector; Costs; Defense
                 industry; defense work; Design engineering; engineers;
                 government; Manufacturing processes; personnel; Product
                 design; Research and development; Security; US
                 Government; Weapons",
}

@Article{Comerford:1993:TPW,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- {PCs} and workstations",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "26--29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179231",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; business environment; Companies;
                 computer companies; Computer graphics; Computer
                 interfaces; Costs; microcomputers; multimedia market;
                 Operating systems; PCs; personal computers; portable
                 computers; Reduced instruction set computing; reviews;
                 Sun; Voice mail; Workstations; workstations",
}

@Article{Comerford:1993:TS,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- Software",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--33",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179233",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; Application software; computer
                 companies; Computer graphics; developments; Economic
                 forecasting; electronic design automation applications;
                 Environmental economics; function points metric;
                 heterogeneous environments; Layout; Multitasking;
                 notation systems; object-oriented programming;
                 operating systems; Operating systems; operating systems
                 (computers); OS2; Personal communication networks;
                 reviews; software; software engineering; Trademarks;
                 Unix-based systems; Windows; Workstations",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1993:TLC,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- large computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "34--37",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179235",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; Computer industry; Concurrent
                 computing; Cray; Data systems; Fifth Generation
                 Computer Systems Project; Japan; Laboratories; large
                 computers; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory;
                 Logic; Los Alamos National Laboratory; Market research;
                 Marketing and sales; massively parallel processors;
                 Microprocessors; parallel machines; Parallel
                 processing; reviews; supercomputers; US Department of
                 Energy; workstation networks; Workstations",
}

@Article{Bell:1993:TT,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- telecommunications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "38--41",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179237",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; Artificial satellites; Cable TV;
                 cable TV; Communications technology; FCC; frequency
                 bands; low-Earth-orbiting satellites; Merging; Mobile
                 communication; mobile communication systems; mobile
                 communications services; multimedia communication;
                 multimedia systems; optical communication; optical
                 communication equipment; optical fiber amplifiers;
                 personal communication networks; Radio spectrum
                 management; repeaterless undersea link; reviews;
                 Satellite broadcasting; strained-layer
                 multi-quantum-well lasers; telecommunications;
                 telephone service; Telephony; US Federal Communication
                 Commission; Wireless communication; wireless personal
                 communication systems; World Administrative Radio
                 Conference",
}

@Article{Sarch:1993:TDC,
  author =       "R. Sarch",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- Data communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "42--45",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179239",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; asynchronous transfer mode;
                 Asynchronous transfer mode; ATM switching
                 standardization; Communication standards;
                 Communications technology; data communication systems;
                 data communications; Frame relay; gigabit-per-second
                 testbeds; Government; Internet; low-orbiting
                 satellites; Quality of service; research facilities;
                 reviews; standardisation; Switches; Technology
                 management; Telecommunications; Testing",
}

@Article{Self:1993:TSS,
  author =       "K. Self",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- solid state",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "46--49",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179241",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; analog electronics; Batteries; BiCMOS
                 integrated circuits; conductor growth rates;
                 developments; Europe; HEMTs; high-speed devices;
                 high-speed processors; IC packaging; integrated memory
                 circuits; Japan; Lead compounds; LV devices; markets;
                 microprocessor chips; mixed-signal electronics;
                 MODFETs; monolithic integrated circuits; MOSFETs;
                 multimedia; notebook/palmtop computer; packaging;
                 Random access memory; reviews; Semiconductor device
                 manufacture; semiconductor devices; Switches;
                 Telecommunication switching; US; video/audio decoders",
}

@Article{Grossman:1993:TTM,
  author =       "M. Grossman",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- Test and measurement",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "50--57",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179243",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; Assembly; automatic test equipment;
                 card-modular measuring instruments; Computer displays;
                 Computer industry; computerised instrumentation;
                 Instruments; LabVIEW; microcomputer applications;
                 PC-controlled testing; peripheral interfaces; personal
                 computer; reviews; Software standards; Software
                 testing; software-controlled measuring instruments;
                 Standards development; System testing; test-system
                 designers; Time measurement; user interfaces; VXIbus;
                 Weight control",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1993:TIE,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- industrial electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "58--60",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179245",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; CNC; Computer numerical control;
                 computer vision; Computer vision; computerised
                 numerical control; computerized numerical control;
                 Electronic equipment manufacture; inspection; Logic
                 programming; Machine tools; machine tools; Machine
                 vision; machine vision; motor control; power electronic
                 devices; Power electronics; power electronics;
                 Programmable control; programmable controllers;
                 programmable logic controllers; reviews; solder joint
                 examination; Soldering; surface-mounted boards; unity
                 power factor; utility lines; Voltage control; X-ray
                 laminography",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1993:TPE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- power and energy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "61--64",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179247",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; Asia; Books; Cogeneration;
                 comprehensive energy legislation; Contracts; Costs;
                 electricity supply industry; Energy conservation;
                 fission reactor safety; Fusion reactors;
                 institutionalized energy efficiency; Monitoring;
                 nuclear power; nuclear power generation; nuclear safety
                 problems; Permission; reactor decommissioning; Research
                 and development; reviews; US; USSR; wind power",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1993:TCE,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- consumer electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--67",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179249",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; Advanced Television Systems
                 Committee; audio recording; Blanking; cable television;
                 Circuits; Consumer electronics; consumer electronics;
                 digital audio broadcasting; Digital audio broadcasting;
                 digital radio systems; FCC; Filters; Frequency; HDTV;
                 high definition television; home theater; recordable
                 digital audio; reviews; Technological innovation;
                 television interference; TV receivers; US Federal
                 Communications Commission; US ghost-canceling reference
                 signal; video telephone; videotelephony",
}

@Article{Dooling:1993:TT,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- transportation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "68--71",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179251",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; Costs; electric vehicles; Electric
                 vehicles; electric vehicles; high-speed rail projects;
                 Intelligent transportation systems; intelligent
                 vehicle-highway systems; Intelligent vehicles;
                 Intermodal Surface Transportation and Efficiency Act;
                 Japan; magnetohydrodynamic convertors;
                 Magnetohydrodynamics; Marine vehicles; MHD powered
                 ship; nonstop air-traffic communications; Propulsion;
                 Rails; railways; reviews; road traffic; ships; Testing;
                 traffic control; Underwater vehicles; US; zero
                 emissions",
}

@Article{Dooling:1993:TAM,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- Aerospace and military",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--75",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179253",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; aerospace; Aerospace industry;
                 aircraft; Arm; defence industry; Defense industry;
                 European Fighter Aircraft; Manufacturing; Marketing and
                 sales; medium-range missiles; military; Military
                 aircraft; military systems; missile defense programs;
                 missiles; Missiles; NASA; Nuclear weapons; Persian Gulf
                 War; Production; reviews; short-range missiles; space
                 programs; space shuttle missions; Space technology;
                 space vehicles",
}

@Article{Stephenson:1993:TME,
  author =       "J. Stephenson",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- medical electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--79",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179255",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; Batteries; biomedical electronics;
                 biomedical research; Capacitors; defibrillators;
                 Electric shock; eye reshaping; Food technology; health
                 problems; Heart; implantable defibrillators; Implants;
                 laser applications in medicine; medical electronics;
                 ophthalmic lasers; patient treatment; Pharmaceutical
                 technology; Pulse generation; reviews; Rhythm; Surges;
                 US; vision correction; vision defects",
}

@Article{Bell:1993:TSM,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- the specialties (multimedia,
                 magnetic storage, education)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179257",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; data retrieval; data storage; Disk
                 recording; education; Educational technology;
                 engineering; engineering education; entertainment;
                 Holography; Magnetic devices; Magnetic heads; magnetic
                 materials; magnetic media; Magnetic memory; Magnetic
                 recording; magnetic storage; multimedia; multimedia
                 systems; Optical surface waves; reviews; Signal to
                 noise ratio; Transistors; undergraduates",
}

@Article{Bell:1993:TNT,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Technology 1993 --- new technology directions",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--81",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.179258",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1992 to 1993; communications; Control systems;
                 electrotechnology; energy; High power microwave
                 generation; IEEE New Technology Directions Committee;
                 IEEE Standards Board; Lighting control; Microwave
                 devices; New Opportunities in Standards Committee;
                 NTDC; Plasma applications; Plasma chemistry;
                 Portfolios; Power electronics; reviews; standards;
                 Switches; technical papers; technological forecasting;
                 transportation; Voltage control",
}

@Article{Perry:1993:CEI,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Cleaning (electronics industry safety)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "20--26",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.208358",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Animals; Anti-freeze; Chemicals; Cleaning; electronics
                 industry; Electronics industry; environment; ethylene
                 glycol ethers; fluorocarbons; health hazards; heavy
                 metals; IC manufacture; integrated circuit manufacture;
                 Lithography; manufacturing; ozone; personnel;
                 photoresists; Production; Resists; safety; Safety;
                 Silicon; toxic materials; trichloroethane",
}

@Article{Cox:1993:AFS,
  author =       "E. Cox",
  title =        "Adaptive fuzzy systems",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "27--31",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.208359",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "adaptive control; Adaptive control; Adaptive systems;
                 Control systems; fuzzy control; Fuzzy control; fuzzy
                 control systems; fuzzy logic; Fuzzy logic; Fuzzy
                 systems; neural nets; Pi control; PID; Programmable
                 control; Proportional control; rule weights; three-term
                 control; Three-term control; three-term control",
}

@Article{Burwen:1993:KOP,
  author =       "R. S. Burwen",
  title =        "Kilowatts on order (power amplifiers)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "32--37",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.208360",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Active filters; filter; insulated gate field effect
                 transistors; magnetic bearing; Magnets; MOSFETs; Motion
                 control; position control; power amplifiers; Power
                 amplifiers; power amplifiers; Power harmonic filters;
                 power line harmonics; Power system harmonics; power
                 transistors; Pulse amplifiers; pulse width modulation;
                 Pulse width modulation; PWM; Space vector pulse width
                 modulation; switching circuits",
}

@Article{Rush:1993:TWC,
  author =       "K. Rush and T. Lucero-Hall",
  title =        "Two ways to catch a wave (oscilloscopes)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "38--41",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.208362",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "analog oscilloscopes; Analog-digital conversion;
                 analog-to-digital converters; analogue-digital
                 conversion; Art; Bandwidth; cathode-ray oscilloscopes;
                 Circuit testing; computerised instrumentation; CRO;
                 Delay; digital instruments; digital oscilloscopes;
                 digital storage oscilloscopes; Displays; Image coding;
                 Oscilloscopes; Signal resolution; X-rays",
}

@Article{Coopersmith:1993:FFS,
  author =       "J. Coopersmith",
  title =        "Facsimile's false starts",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "46--49",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.208366",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Clocks; Commercialization; Communications technology;
                 Costs; development; facsimile; Facsimile; facsimile;
                 history; Ink; Japan; legal issues; legislation;
                 markets; Packaging machines; Production; standards;
                 Telegraphy; Telephony",
}

@Article{Curran:1993:ETT,
  author =       "L. J. Curran",
  title =        "`{A}' for effort (technology transfer education)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "50--52",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.208367",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Adders; Application software; AWEsim; circuit analysis
                 computing; Circuit simulation; circuit simulation
                 program; Computational modeling; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Computer industry; education; Electrical
                 engineering computing; Electronics industry; Software
                 design; software packages; students; teaching;
                 technology transfer; Technology transfer; training;
                 USA",
}

@Article{Comerford:1993:HTR,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "La haute technologie (research initiatives)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "55--60",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.211953",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Complex networks; development efforts; Educational
                 institutions; Europe; France; Lead compounds; Monopoly;
                 Pipelines; public laboratories; research initiatives;
                 Research initiatives; Road transportation; technipoles;
                 technology; technology centers; Telecommunication
                 control; US Government",
}

@Article{Haus:1993:MLS,
  author =       "H. A. Haus",
  title =        "Molding light into solitons",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "48--53",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.211954",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "experiments; Glass; long-distance repeaterless
                 transmission; Nonlinear equations; optical
                 communication; Optical distortion; Optical fiber
                 cables; Optical fiber losses; Optical fibers; optical
                 links; Optical propagation; Optical solitons; optical
                 solitons; Shape; soliton waves; Space vector pulse
                 width modulation; timing jitter; transmission distance
                 limit",
}

@Article{Fox:1993:HLS,
  author =       "J. R. Fox",
  title =        "A higher level of synthesis ({CAD})",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "43--47",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.211955",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "abstraction; Arithmetic; CAD; Circuit synthesis;
                 Clocks; design automation; Design automation; Design
                 engineering; design synthesis systems; Fabrication;
                 Hardware; hardware description languages; Logic
                 circuits; Logic design; Microarchitecture; software
                 tools; specification languages; testability; top-down
                 design",
}

@Article{Williams:1993:MVV,
  author =       "J. Williams",
  title =        "Mixing {3-V} and {5-V} {ICs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "40--42",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.211956",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3 V; 5 V; Batteries; battery life; CMOS logic
                 circuits; Cost benefit analysis; Electrostatic
                 discharge; embedded controllers; Fault location; ICs;
                 integrated circuits; logic chips; Logic devices;
                 memories; mixed-voltage systems; Packaging machines;
                 power IC; power integrated circuits; power supplies;
                 power supplies to apparatus; power supply circuits;
                 Production systems; size; Size measurement; Voltage;
                 weight",
}

@Article{Cole:1993:MTF,
  author =       "B. Cole",
  title =        "Multimedia-the technology framework",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "32--39",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.211957",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/datacompression.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Apple Macintosh; Application software; applications;
                 bandwidth; Bandwidth; Computer aided manufacturing;
                 Computer vision; data compression; delivery bottleneck;
                 Distributed computing; DOS/Windows; Graphics; hardware;
                 IBM Ultimedia/OS-2; Image converters; interoperability;
                 LAN; local area networks; microcomputer applications;
                 multimedia; Multimedia systems; multimedia systems;
                 Pervasive computing; Philips/Microware; Read only
                 memory; software; Unix",
}

@Article{Adam:1993:MAI,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Multimedia-applications, implications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "24--31",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.211958",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "applications; Books; CAI; CD-ROMs; computer aided
                 instruction; copyright; electronic dailies; electronic
                 publishing; Equations; Industrial training; information
                 systems; instructional aids; Libraries; Motion
                 pictures; Multimedia databases; multimedia information
                 systems; multimedia systems; publishers; Read only
                 memory; software; Transforms; TV",
}

@Article{Wolff:1993:HEV,
  author =       "H. Wolff",
  title =        "How engineers view themselves",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "24--28",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.206618",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace engineering; Counting circuits; downsizing;
                 Electrical engineering; engineering; engineers;
                 Information technology; job satisfaction; meetings;
                 Motion pictures; paperwork problems; personnel;
                 Security; TV; US IEEE members",
}

@Article{White:1993:CM,
  author =       "R. M. White",
  title =        "Competitive measures",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "29--33",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.206619",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Assembly; Books; dimensional metrology; electric
                 variables measurement; electrical metrology; Failure
                 analysis; Laser tuning; Manufacturing automation;
                 measurement standards; Metrology; NIST; Remuneration;
                 spatial variables measurement; Technology management;
                 time measurement; time metrology; Vehicles",
}

@Article{Hammond:1993:DS,
  author =       "R. B. Hammond and G. L. Hey-Shipton and G. L.
                 Matthaei",
  title =        "Designing with superconductors",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "34--39",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.206620",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Coaxial components; cooling; Costs; cryogenically
                 cooled electronics; digital IC interconnects; digital
                 integrated circuits; distributed-resonator elements;
                 filters; High temperature superconductors;
                 high-temperature superconductors; oscillators; Radio
                 frequency; resonators; Substrates; Superconducting
                 films; superconducting integrated circuits;
                 Superconducting integrated circuits; Superconducting
                 materials; Superconducting microwave devices;
                 Superconductivity; thin high-temperature
                 superconductors",
}

@Article{Hingorani:1993:FAT,
  author =       "N. G. Hingorani",
  title =        "Flexible {AC} transmission",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "40--45",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.206621",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "cascading outages; Control systems; damping; equipment
                 failure limiting; FACTS; fault limiting; flexible AC
                 transmission system; Flexible AC transmission systems;
                 generation reserve margin; load flow; oscillations;
                 power capacitors; power control; power electronic
                 controllers; Power electronics; Power generation; power
                 system control; Power system faults; power system
                 interconnection; power system oscillations damping;
                 Power system protection; Power system reliability;
                 power transfer; Power transmission; Power transmission
                 lines; static VAr compensators; Thermal loading;
                 thyristor applications; thyristor controlled series
                 capacitor; transmission networks",
}

@Article{Waff:1993:RDS,
  author =       "C. B. Waff",
  title =        "The road to the Deep Space Network",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "50--57",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.206623",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "antenna design; Computer crashes; Deep Space Network;
                 frequency selection; ground stations; Instruments; Jet
                 Propulsion Laboratory; Laboratories; Moon; NASA;
                 Probes; satellite antennas; satellite ground stations;
                 Solar system; Space exploration; Space technology;
                 Space vehicles",
}

@Article{Kephart:1993:CE,
  author =       "J. O. Kephart and S. R. White and D. M. Chess",
  title =        "Computers and epidemiology",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "20--26",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275061",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "biological disease; Biology computing; companies;
                 Computer simulation; Computer viruses; computer
                 viruses; defense; Diseases; epidemiology; Laboratories;
                 Mathematical model; Microscopy; North America;
                 reporting; response; security; Statistics; Viruses
                 (medical)",
}

@Article{Gunshor:1993:BLH,
  author =       "R. L. Gunshor and N. Otsuka and A. V. Nurmiko",
  title =        "Blue lasers on the horizon",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "28--33",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275062",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "bandgap; blue-green emitting laser diode
                 heterostructures; blue-green light emitting diode;
                 contact; design; doping; epitaxial fabrication; II-VI
                 semiconductors; Laser theory; LED; molecular beam
                 epitaxial growth; Optical design; Optical device
                 fabrication; performance; Photonic band gap; Physics;
                 physics; Quantum well lasers; quantum well structures;
                 Semiconductivity; Semiconductor device doping;
                 semiconductor doping; semiconductor growth;
                 semiconductor lasers; Semiconductor lasers;
                 semiconductor lasers; wavelength; zinc compounds; Zinc
                 compounds; ZnS; ZnSe",
}

@Article{Mogal:1993:WM,
  author =       "J. Mogal",
  title =        "Workstation metrics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "50--52",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275066",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "applications; Benchmark testing; benchmarks; Computer
                 aided manufacturing; Computer architecture; Computer
                 graphics; computers; Concurrent computing; graphics
                 workstations; massively parallel processors;
                 measurement methods; Microprocessors; multiprocessing
                 systems; parallel processing; Particle measurements;
                 performance evaluation; Program processors; symmetric
                 multiprocessing systems; System testing; Workstations;
                 workstations",
}

@Article{Comerford:1993:XEC,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "X, as in expediency (computer terminals)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "60--61",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275067",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Computer displays; Computer
                 graphics; Computer networks; Computer peripherals;
                 computer terminals; graphical user interfaces;
                 Graphical user interfaces; Intelligent networks;
                 interactive terminals; Libraries; open X standard;
                 standards; Sun; user interfaces; Workstations; X Window
                 System",
}

@Article{Furtney:1993:WS,
  author =       "M. Furtney and G. Taylor",
  title =        "Of workstations and supercomputers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "64--68",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275068",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application; Computational modeling; computer
                 development; Computer networks; Costs; Large-scale
                 systems; mainframes; Network servers; parallel
                 machines; Personal communication networks; selection
                 guidelines; speed requirements; supercomputers;
                 Supercomputers; Throughput; Time factors; workstations;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{King:1993:NPI,
  author =       "J. King",
  title =        "New peripherals increase options",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "69--76",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275070",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cloning; computer peripheral equipment; Costs;
                 developments; Hard disks; Manufacturing;
                 Microcomputers; microcomputers; Monitoring; PCs;
                 peripherals; Personal communication networks; prices;
                 products; Sun; Visualization; workstations;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Comerford:1993:EP,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Engineers and {PCs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "40--42",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275085",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "business; CAD; design; Design engineering;
                 development; engineering; engineering computing;
                 Engineering management; Fans; Home computing; IEEE
                 Spectrum; Macintosh computers; management; Market
                 research; microcomputer applications; microcomputers;
                 Modems; PC; PCs; Personal communication networks;
                 personal computers; project; Project management; R&D;
                 Research and development; Research and development
                 management; survey",
}

@Article{Kobb:1993:PW,
  author =       "B. Z. Kobb",
  title =        "Personal wireless",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "20--25",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.214578",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Australia; Base stations; Cities and towns; FCC;
                 handheld communicators; Out of order; Personal
                 communication networks; personal communication
                 networks; personal communication services;
                 Telecommunications; Telephony; TV; Wireless
                 communication",
}

@Article{Hammerstrom:1993:NNW,
  author =       "D. Hammerstrom",
  title =        "Neural networks at work",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "26--32",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.214579",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/datacompression.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Biological neural networks;
                 Biology computing; character recognition; Character
                 recognition; character recognition; Data compression;
                 Economic indicators; financial data processing;
                 financial forecasting; function approximation; function
                 estimation; Hardware; neural nets; Neural networks;
                 neural networks; OCR; Optical character recognition
                 software; Pattern recognition; process computer
                 control; process control",
}

@Article{Carroll:1993:VPH,
  author =       "M. Carroll",
  title =        "{VHDL} --- panacea or hype?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "34--37",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.214581",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Circuit simulation; Circuit synthesis; Databases;
                 electronic engineering computing; Europe; Floods;
                 Hardware design languages; High speed integrated
                 circuits; IEEE 1076 standard; Instruments; Personnel;
                 specification languages; standards; US; US Department
                 of Defense; Very high speed integrated circuits;
                 very-high-speed integrated circuit; VHDL; VHSIC
                 Hardware Description Language; VLSI",
}

@Article{DeWinkel:1993:SPC,
  author =       "C. DeWinkel and J. D. Lamoree",
  title =        "Storing power for critical loads",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "38--42",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.214584",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Control systems; digital control equipment; electronic
                 equipment; Energy storage; High temperature
                 superconductors; power glitches handling; power supply
                 quality; Samarium; SMES; Superconducting coils;
                 superconducting magnet energy storage; Superconducting
                 magnetic energy storage; superconducting
                 magnetic-energy storage; Superconducting transmission
                 lines; Switches; Toroidal magnetic fields; Voltage
                 control",
}

@Article{Fischetti:1993:CPS,
  author =       "M. Fischetti",
  title =        "The cellular phone scare",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "43--47",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.214586",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "antennas; biological effects of radiation; brain;
                 brain cancer; Cable TV; Cancer; Cellular neural
                 networks; Cellular phones; cellular phones; cellular
                 radio; Communication cables; EM radiation exposure
                 standards; FCC; Frequency; health hazards; human
                 beings; National electric code; radiotelephony; RF
                 radiation; Safety; telephone sets; Telephony",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1993:ESC,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Environment --- sensing climate change",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "20--27",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.222222",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerosols; atmosphere; atmospheric techniques; climate
                 change; climatology; clouds; Clouds; infrared imaging;
                 Infrared sensors; Infrared spectra; IR sensors; limb
                 sounding; methane; microwave imaging; microwave
                 sensors; Microwave sensors; Millimeter wave technology;
                 millimeter-wave radiation; Monitoring; ocean
                 circulation; Oceans; optical sensors; Optical sensors;
                 Planets; precipitation; radiometry; remote sensing;
                 satellites; solar radiation; Solar radiation; water
                 vapor",
}

@Article{Gershon:1993:EDD,
  author =       "N. D. Gershon and C. G. Miller",
  title =        "Environment --- dealing with the data deluge",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "28--32",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.222224",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "atmosphere; atmospheric techniques; climate change;
                 climatology; data and information system; Earth
                 Observing System; Earth Observing System Data and
                 Information System; Earth-science satellite data;
                 EOSDIS; factographic databases; geographic information
                 system; geographic information systems; geophysics
                 computing; Geoscience; GIS; global-change; Information
                 management; Magnetosphere; Management information
                 systems; NASA; National Aeronautics and Space
                 Administration; Oceans; Planets; remote sensing; remote
                 sensing data; satellite; Satellites; Space vehicles;
                 United States; visual databases",
}

@Article{Perry:1993:EMW,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Environment --- modeling the world's climate",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "33--37",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.222227",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Atmosphere; Atmospheric modeling; Biological system
                 modeling; circulation models; climate modelling;
                 climatology; Differential equations; Earth; geophysics
                 computing; global warming; Global warming; Ocean
                 temperature; ozone studies; parallel processing;
                 Predictive models; supercomputers; Supercomputers;
                 Weather forecasting; weather studies",
}

@Article{Larsen:1993:RR,
  author =       "R. S. Larsen",
  title =        "Running out of resources",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "43--45",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.222229",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Chemicals; Crops; Earth; Energy consumption;
                 Environmental economics; Fusion power generation;
                 Humans; IEEE; natural resources; Petroleum; Power
                 generation economics; Remuneration; resource depletion;
                 technology",
}

@Article{Hammerstrom:1993:WNN,
  author =       "D. Hammerstrom",
  title =        "Working with neural networks",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "46--53",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.222230",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Computer networks; Data
                 analysis; Inference algorithms; learning (artificial
                 intelligence); neural nets; neural networks; Neural
                 networks; Pattern recognition; programming; Signal
                 analysis; Signal processing algorithms; Statistical
                 analysis; training; Training data",
}

@Article{Lynch:1993:CCE,
  author =       "D. Lynch",
  title =        "The {Calstart} consortium (electric vehicle
                 industry)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "54--57",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.222234",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace engineering; Aerospace industry; Aircraft
                 propulsion; Airports; Automotive engineering;
                 California; Calstart consortium; Costs; electric
                 vehicle industry; electric vehicles; Electric vehicles;
                 environmental regulations; Eyes; Power generation
                 economics; Remuneration",
}

@Article{Bell:1993:JR,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Jobs at risk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "18--31",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.223635",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "automation; Canada; Companies; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Costs; Employment; employment;
                 engineering; Engineering profession; engineers; Europe;
                 Fading; Fred McCarthy; Germany; Hong Kong; India;
                 Japan; jobs; Manufacturing automation; personnel;
                 Production; Productivity; redundancy; social aspects;
                 social aspects of automation; UK; USA",
}

@Article{Weiss:1993:PDD,
  author =       "J. Weiss and D. Schremp",
  title =        "Putting data on a diet",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.223639",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/datacompression.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Access protocols; applications; arithmetic coding;
                 bandwidth; Bandwidth; bandwidth compression;
                 Compression algorithms; compression ratios; Computer
                 industry; Computer networks; Costs; data compression;
                 Disk drives; encoding; Huffman codes; Image coding;
                 Internet; latency; Local area networks; lossless
                 compression; lossy compression; runlength encoding;
                 storage requirements; throughput; trie-based codes;
                 WAN",
}

@Article{Brust:1993:MSV,
  author =       "L. Brust and M.-S. Tsay",
  title =        "Mixing signals and voltages on chip",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "40--43",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.223640",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3 V; analogue circuitry; applications; BiCMOS
                 integrated circuits; Circuit simulation;
                 communications; Delay; digital circuitry; Electronic
                 mail; engineering; Ethernet interface analog macrocell;
                 hybrid circuits; integrated circuit testing; Libraries;
                 Logic design; Logic gates; mixed analogue-digital
                 integrated circuits; mixed signal design; network
                 analysis; Power supplies; Si; Signal design;
                 simulation; testing; Voltage",
}

@Article{Kokubo:1993:CI,
  author =       "A. Kokubo",
  title =        "Competitive intelligence",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "44--46",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.223641",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1M DRAM; business; commerce; Companies; competition;
                 Competitive intelligence; consumer electronics;
                 Globalization; Information analysis; information
                 gathering; Japan; management; Manufacturing; Plastics;
                 Random access memory; Research and development; reverse
                 engineering; Reverse engineering; Scattering;
                 technological intelligence; technology marketplace;
                 Toshiba; videotape",
}

@Article{Rauch:1993:LRE,
  author =       "J. G. Rauch",
  title =        "The law on reverse engineering",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "47--48",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.223642",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "chip protection act; Circuits; Computer displays;
                 copying; industrial property; innovation; integrated
                 circuits; law; Law; Legal factors; legislation; paper
                 trail; Protection; Random access memory; reverse
                 engineering; Reverse engineering; Roads; Technological
                 innovation; Testing; USA",
}

@Article{Luciano:1993:DTY,
  author =       "V. P. Luciano",
  title =        "Display terminals as you like them {FMS}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "35--37",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275158",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "assembling; assembly; Assembly systems; development;
                 display terminals; Displays; Education; employee
                 satisfaction; flexible manufacturing systems; Flexible
                 manufacturing systems; FMS; just-in-time; management;
                 manufacturing industries; Manufacturing processes;
                 Production; production control; QC; Quality assurance;
                 quality assurance; quality control; Quality management;
                 relocation; Research and development; Turning; USA",
}

@Article{Jaikumar:1993:YC,
  author =       "R. Jaikumar",
  title =        "200 years to {CIM}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "26--27",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275159",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Assembly; CIM; Computer aided manufacturing; computer
                 integrated manufacture; Computer integrated
                 manufacturing; computer integrated manufacturing (CIM);
                 computerised numerical control; Fabrication; history;
                 Humans; Inspection; Manufacturing processes;
                 manufacturing technology; Mass production; numerical
                 control; Process control; process improvement;
                 Reliability engineering; scientific management; UK;
                 USA",
}

@Article{Comerford:1993:QLR,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "A quick look at rapid prototyping",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "28--29",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275160",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aircraft; bicycle crank arm; Bicycles; electric
                 system; Laboratories; Laser modes; Laser sintering;
                 Manufacturing automation; Manufacturing industries;
                 manufacturing industries; Production facilities;
                 Prototypes; R&D management; rapid prototyping; research
                 and development management; Robotics and automation;
                 selective laser sintering; Stereolithography;
                 stereolithography; technology transfer; USA; wax
                 model",
}

@Article{Borrus:1993:BLE,
  author =       "M. G. Borrus and S. S. Cohen",
  title =        "Beyond lean: an essay (mass production)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "67--68",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275161",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Assembly; Costs; Couplings; Europe; firms; Japan; lean
                 organisations; manufacturing automation; manufacturing
                 computer control; Manufacturing processes; Mass
                 production; mass production; Power generation
                 economics; Process design; production control;
                 Productivity; Protection; USA",
}

@Article{Bell:1993:BPB,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Bicycles on a personalized basis {FMS}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "32--35",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275162",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "accessories; Automatic testing; bar code; Bills of
                 materials; CAD/CAM; CAD/CAM mechanical drawing; CADCAM;
                 components; Control systems; customer specifications;
                 Design engineering; Electronic equipment testing;
                 flexible manufacturing system; Flexible manufacturing
                 systems; flexible manufacturing systems; FMS; Japan;
                 Manufacturing automation; Optical control; semicustom
                 bicycles; Size control",
}

@Article{Schwab:1993:CE,
  author =       "A. J. Schwab and B. Schilli and K. Zinser",
  title =        "Concurrent engineering",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "56--60",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275163",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computer aided manufacturing; conceptual modeling;
                 concurrent engineering; Concurrent engineering;
                 concurrent engineering; Design automation; enterprises;
                 Manufacturing automation; Manufacturing processes;
                 Marketing and sales; miniature circuit breakers; MV;
                 organizations; Process planning; processes; product
                 development; products; Standardization; Standards
                 organizations; switchgear; Technological innovation;
                 time to market",
}

@Article{Boothroyd:1993:DA,
  author =       "G. Boothroyd and W. Knight",
  title =        "Design for assembly",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "53--55",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275164",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "assembling; Assembly; CAD/CAM; Cleaning; Computer
                 aided manufacturing; Concurrent engineering; cost;
                 Costs; design cycle time; Design engineering; design
                 engineering; design for assembly; development; Doped
                 fiber amplifiers; manufacturability; manufacturing data
                 processing; PCB; PCB/DFA; printed circuit design;
                 printed circuit manufacture; Printed circuits; printed
                 circuits; Software design; software program",
}

@Article{Pennino:1993:DM,
  author =       "T. P. Pennino and J. Potechin",
  title =        "Design for manufacture",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "51--53",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275165",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "assembling; assembly; Assembly; Circuit testing;
                 Copper; design engineering; Design for manufacture;
                 design for manufacture; design process; design rules;
                 Fabrication; fabrication; factory processes;
                 manufacturing processes; Manufacturing processes;
                 manufacturing processes; PCB; Power generation; printed
                 circuit boards; printed circuit manufacture; printed
                 circuit testing; Printed circuits; Production
                 facilities; Software tools; testing",
}

@Article{Hackwood:1993:EPH,
  author =       "S. Hackwood",
  title =        "Extension programs help small {US} firms",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "73--75",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275166",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "assistance programs; Computer aided manufacturing;
                 Computer numerical control; consultation; Flexible
                 manufacturing systems; government policies; Inspection;
                 Machine tools; manufacturing enterprises; Manufacturing
                 industries; manufacturing industries; National
                 Institute of Standards and Technology; NIST; Robotic
                 assembly; Storage automation; USA; Vehicles; Welding",
}

@Article{Johnson:1993:HRM,
  author =       "R. F. Johnson",
  title =        "Hitting the road with manufacturing know-how
                 (education)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "81--81",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275167",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "anthropometry; biosphere; CAD; CAD/CAM; CADCAM; CAM;
                 CNC; Collaboration; collaborative R&D; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Computer numerical control; Computer
                 science education; computerised numerical control;
                 education; Educational programs; Educational
                 technology; habitat; industrial robots; laboratories;
                 Laboratories; lasers; logos; manufacturing;
                 manufacturing computer control; manufacturing data
                 processing; mobile Manufacturing Technologies
                 Laboratory; packaging; research initiatives; Roads;
                 robotics; Robots; structures; students; teaching;
                 technology education; time; USA",
}

@Article{Hayashi:1993:IM,
  author =       "H. Hayashi",
  title =        "Intelligent manufacturing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "82--84",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275168",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "advanced manufacturing technologies; developments;
                 Environmental economics; feasibility study;
                 Globalization; IMS; intelligent manufacturing system;
                 Intelligent manufacturing systems; International
                 collaboration; international collaborative program;
                 manufacturing computer control; manufacturing data
                 processing; Manufacturing industries; Manufacturing
                 systems; Mass production; Production systems; R&D;
                 Research and development; research and development
                 management; research initiatives; Technological
                 innovation",
}

@Article{Bendz:1993:IAM,
  author =       "D. J. Bendz",
  title =        "International actions (manufacturing practices)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "63--66",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275169",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Chemical technology; Costs; design; design
                 engineering; design for environment; electronics
                 industry; Environmental economics; environmental
                 protection; Europe; ISO standards; Japan; Manufacturing
                 industries; manufacturing practices; manufacturing
                 processes; pollution control; pollution detection and
                 control; Power generation economics; product cycle;
                 Production facilities; Proposals; Protection;
                 Recycling; USA",
}

@Article{Shapira:1993:JLA,
  author =       "P. Shapira",
  title =        "{Japan} looks after the little guys (manufacturing
                 industries)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "70--73",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275170",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Costs; credit; economics; Educational institutions;
                 engineering; equipment leasing; government policies;
                 Industrial training; Information analysis; investment;
                 Japan; loans; Local government; Manufacturing
                 industries; manufacturing industries; new technology
                 investments; Research and development; Subcontracting;
                 tax; technology centers; Testing; Textile technology",
}

@Article{Jayaraman:1993:MSS,
  author =       "R. Jayaraman and P. Toole",
  title =        "Manufacturing systems simulated",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "60--62",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275171",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Assembly systems; customer service; Customer service;
                 cycle time; digital simulation; Electronic equipment
                 testing; manufacturing data processing; manufacturing
                 DP; Manufacturing systems; PCs; performance;
                 Performance evaluation; Personal communication
                 networks; production engineering computing; production
                 lines; System testing; Throughput; throughput; Token
                 networks; token ring adaptor cards; Virtual
                 manufacturing; workstations",
}

@Article{Ehmann:1993:MPM,
  author =       "K. F. Ehmann and P. C. Jones",
  title =        "{Master}'s programs and more (manufacturing
                 education)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "76--81",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275172",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Automobiles; Automotive engineering; Companies;
                 educational courses; Educational institutions;
                 Educational programs; Europe; Japan; Machine tools;
                 manufacture; manufacturing; Manufacturing industries;
                 Manufacturing processes; Mathematics; teaching;
                 undergraduate; USA",
}

@Article{Strobel:1993:PPL,
  author =       "R. A. Strobel and A. Johnson",
  title =        "Pocket pagers in lots of one {CIM}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "29--32",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275173",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "assembling; Assembly; automated assembly system; CIM;
                 Computer aided manufacturing; Computer displays;
                 computer integrated manufacturing; Computer integrated
                 manufacturing; Control systems; Costs; flexible
                 manufacturing systems; FMS; Fusion program;
                 Manufacturing automation; manufacturing industries;
                 pagers; production control; Production facilities;
                 production line; Spatial databases; Technological
                 innovation; USA",
}

@Article{Smith:1993:SSD,
  author =       "B. Smith",
  title =        "Six-sigma design (quality control)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "43--47",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275174",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Costs; customer satisfaction; Customer satisfaction;
                 defect; design engineering; design process; Educational
                 products; Inspection; Manufacturing; Motorola; product
                 design; Product design; Quality awards; quality
                 control; Quality control; quality control; Stress;
                 Testing; tolerance",
}

@Article{Swamidass:1993:TPM,
  author =       "P. M. Swamidass",
  title =        "Technology, people, and management",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "68--69",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275175",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "advanced technology; Assembly; Automobile manufacture;
                 Books; Couplings; Environmental management; Flexible
                 manufacturing systems; industry; management;
                 manufacturing; Manufacturing automation; manufacturing
                 industries; Manufacturing industries; organization;
                 personnel; Production; productivity growth; Technology
                 management",
}

@Article{Bellefeuille:1993:TQM,
  author =       "J. Bellefeuille",
  title =        "Total quality management",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "47--50",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275176",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Broadcasting; Companies; continual improvement;
                 Continuous improvement; Costs; customer satisfaction;
                 Customer satisfaction; management; Manufacturing
                 industries; Niobium compounds; QC; quality control;
                 Quality management; team approach; total quality
                 management; Total quality management; TQM; Turning;
                 USA",
}

@Article{Whitney:1993:WPT,
  author =       "D. Whitney",
  title =        "When people are too large and dirty (manufacturing
                 computer control)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "39--42",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275177",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "assembling; assembly; Assembly systems; Automatic
                 testing; Cleaning; cleaning; cleanliness; Computer
                 aided manufacturing; computerised materials handling;
                 contact force; development; Humans; industrial robots;
                 inertial instruments; Instruments; manufacturing
                 computer control; material handling; Materials
                 handling; precision; remote center compliances; robot
                 wrists; Robotic assembly; Robotics and automation;
                 testing; Wrist",
}

@Article{Kukuljian:1993:GAP,
  author =       "V. Kukuljian",
  title =        "Growing an automated production line",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "37--39",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.275178",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Assembly; automated production line; CIM; Circuits;
                 Computer aided manufacturing; computer integrated
                 manufacturing; Computer integrated manufacturing;
                 Control systems; design development; flexible
                 manufacturing systems; FMS; Humans; Investments;
                 Marketing and sales; Personnel; Production facilities;
                 system control architecture; USA",
}

@Article{Adam:1993:VRR,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Virtual reality is for real",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "22--29",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.237580",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aircraft; Application software; applications;
                 Automobile manufacture; automobiles; Automotive
                 engineering; computer-rendered environments;
                 Construction industry; Defense industry; engineering
                 computing; entertainment; interior visibility;
                 Manufacturing industries; medicine; military; Military
                 computing; Prototypes; rendering (computer graphics);
                 USA; Vehicles; virtual reality; Virtual reality",
}

@Article{DeFanti:1993:RV,
  author =       "T. A. DeFanti and D. J. Sandin and C. Cruz-Neira",
  title =        "A `room' with a `view'",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "30--33",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.237582",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3 m; 3D; Application software; CAVE; design; front
                 projection screen; Glass; glasses; Image sensors;
                 immersive virtual reality system; Laboratories;
                 Magnetic sensors; Optical materials; optical
                 projectors; Real time systems; rear projection screens;
                 three-dimensional objects; Transmitters; user
                 interfaces; virtual reality; Virtual reality;
                 Visualization; walk-in system",
}

@Article{Hancock:1993:PHF,
  author =       "D. Hancock",
  title =        "`{Prototyping}' the {Hubble} fix",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "34--39",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.237584",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace computing; aerospace instrumentation;
                 astronomical telescopes; corrective optics; Corrective
                 Optics, Space Telescope Axial Replacement; Costar;
                 digital simulation; focal plane volume; Focusing;
                 Hardware; HST; Hubble Space Telescope; Instruments;
                 Mirrors; NASA; Optical design; positioning; Prototypes;
                 Telescopes; Testing; Virtual prototyping; virtual
                 prototyping; virtual reality",
}

@Article{Forbes:1993:SFC,
  author =       "C. A. Forbes and J. F. Pierre",
  title =        "The solid fuel-cell future",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "40--44",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.237586",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asia; commercialisation; Commercialization; Costs;
                 Europe; Fossil fuels; Fuel cells; fuel cells; Liquids;
                 monolithic; planar; Power generation economics; Power
                 industry; SOFC; solid oxide fuel cells; Solids; third
                 generation; tubular",
}

@Article{Tracht:1993:ALD,
  author =       "A. E. Tracht",
  title =        "Adapting laptops to data acquisition",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "45--47",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.237587",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "adapter; Analog computers; Application software;
                 Batteries; computer interfaces; computerised
                 instrumentation; Concurrent computing; Current
                 supplies; Data acquisition; data acquisition; Delay;
                 instruments; laptop computers; laptops; microcomputer
                 applications; parallel ports; performance; Portable
                 computers; portable computers; portable instruments;
                 Power supplies; Systolic arrays",
}

@Article{Dipert:1993:FMG,
  author =       "B. Dipert and L. Hebert",
  title =        "Flash memory goes mainstream",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "48--52",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.237588",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "architectures; blocking; Costs; cycling; data
                 integrity; data reliability; digital storage;
                 Electrons; EPROM; Flash memory; flash memory; Flash
                 memory cells; Grounding; memory architecture;
                 Nonvolatile memory; program/erase algorithms; supply
                 voltage; Threshold voltage; Tunneling; Turning",
}

@Article{Eldridge:1993:FF,
  author =       "J. Eldridge",
  title =        "Filing in a flash",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "53--54",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.237591",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "circuit reliability; cost-effectiveness; EPROM; file
                 organisation; file storage; flash memory; Flash memory;
                 integrated memory circuits; mass memory storage; NAND
                 circuits; NAND EEPROM; Nonvolatile memory; Plugs;
                 Portable computers; Power system reliability;
                 Registers; reliability; sequential access; Solid state
                 circuits; Telephony; Voltage",
}

@Article{Stamen:1993:SDA,
  author =       "J. P. Stamen",
  title =        "Structuring databases for analysis",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "55--58",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.237592",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aggregates; Business; Costs; Data analysis; data
                 handling; data manipulation language; Data models;
                 database management systems; Database systems;
                 databases; end-user computing; Industrial relations;
                 Marketing and sales; multidimensional data model;
                 Multidimensional systems; online analytical processing;
                 online operation; personal computing; Relational
                 databases; relational model; transaction processing",
}

@Article{Fowler:1993:DYE,
  author =       "C. A. Fowler",
  title =        "{DOs} and {DON'Ts} for young {EEs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "59--61",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.237593",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "career growth; Costs; Databases; Design engineering;
                 electrical engineering; Finance; Manufacturing;
                 profession; professional aspects; Proposals;
                 Remuneration; Research and development; Retirement;
                 Software packages",
}

@Article{Foster:1993:ESA,
  author =       "Kenneth R. Foster",
  title =        "Engineering software --- `abstract' math made
                 practical",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "42--46",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.241536",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Algorithm design and analysis; commercial mathematical
                 software market; Control system synthesis; Design
                 engineering; Differential equations; engineering
                 computing; engineering software; exploratory analysis
                 data; Mathematical model; mathematics computing;
                 mathematics programs; Packaging; Power engineering and
                 energy; Power engineering computing; signal analysis;
                 Signal analysis; software packages; Sun",
}

@Article{Werner:1993:FPF,
  author =       "K. I. Werner",
  title =        "The flat panel's future",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "18--22",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.241537",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Active matrix liquid crystal displays; Active matrix
                 technology; active-matrix liquid crystal displays;
                 Computer displays; Crosstalk; Crystalline materials;
                 flat panel displays; gas-discharge displays; HDTV; high
                 definition television; high-definition television;
                 Liquid crystal displays; liquid crystal displays;
                 Manufacturing; passive LCD; Personal communication
                 networks; plasma display panels; Plasma displays; VGA;
                 video graphics adapter; Voltage",
}

@Article{Younse:1993:MC,
  author =       "J. M. Younse",
  title =        "Mirrors on a chip",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "27--31",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.241542",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "16 micron; CMOS integrated circuits; CMOS static RAM;
                 digital micromirror device; Digital modulation; display
                 instrumentation; Displays; electrostatic forces;
                 Electrostatics; Lenses; memory cell; Micromirrors;
                 Mirrors; movable micromirror; National Television
                 System Committee; Optical modulation; Phase Alternation
                 Line; projection displays; Random access memory;
                 Read-write memory; spatial light modulator; spatial
                 light modulators; SRAM chips; TV; TV standards",
}

@Article{Hunt:1993:KCB,
  author =       "E. R. Hunt and G. Johnson",
  title =        "Keeping chaos at bay",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "32--36",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.241543",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "analogue circuits; Boosting; Chaos; chaos; Chaotic
                 communication; chaotic control; chaotic dynamics;
                 chaotic systems; Chemical lasers; Electronic circuits;
                 electronic circuits; Heart; high-speed analog circuit;
                 nonlinear network analysis; occasional proportional
                 feedback method; Optical control; Ott-Grebogi-Yorke
                 method; periodic orbit stabilisation; Sleep; Switches;
                 Testing; trial-and-error adjustments",
}

@Article{Kornbluh:1993:ESS,
  author =       "Ken Kornbluh",
  title =        "Engineering software --- seeing data in action",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "60--64",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.241545",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "animation; colour use; computer animation; data
                 analysis; Data analysis; Data engineering; data
                 visualisation; Data visualization; Electronic design
                 automation and methodology; engineering computing;
                 Equations; equations representation; exploratory data
                 analysis; Graphics; Humans; Power engineering and
                 energy; software packages; Statistical analysis;
                 Testing; three-dimensional rotating graphics;
                 visualization software; Windows/NT",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1993:ESE,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "Engineering software --- efficient data acquisition",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "76--84",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.241546",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "analog variables sampling; Control systems; data
                 acquisition; Data acquisition; data acquisition; Data
                 analysis; Data engineering; Digital signal processing;
                 engineering computing; engineering software; Functional
                 programming; Hardware; Packaging; Portable computers;
                 Programming profession; samples digitisation; software
                 packages",
}

@Article{Malozemoff:1993:ATE,
  author =       "A. P. Malozemoff",
  title =        "Advanced technology\slash electromagnetism ---
                 superconducting wire gets hotter",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "26--30",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272173",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Commercialization; Cooling; Copper; copper-oxide-based
                 ceramics; critical current density; critical current
                 density (superconductivity); electromagnetism; High
                 temperature superconductors; high-critical-temperature;
                 high-temperature superconductors; Niobium; powdered
                 ceramic material; superconducting cables;
                 Superconducting filaments and wires; Superconducting
                 magnets; Superconducting materials; superconducting
                 wires; Superconductivity; wires fabrication",
}

@Article{Cagan:1993:SPP,
  author =       "L. D. Cagan and A. H. Sherman",
  title =        "Software\slash parallel processing --- {Linda} on the
                 networks",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "31--35",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272174",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aging; Application software; associative memory;
                 Computer architecture; Concurrent computing; control;
                 coordination language; Data mining; Data structures;
                 high level languages; interprocess communication;
                 Investments; Linda; Local area networks;
                 object-oriented memory; parallel processing; parallel
                 programming; process creation; Production systems;
                 Programming profession; software tasks division;
                 symmetric memory; virtually shared memory",
}

@Article{Getting:1993:PNG,
  author =       "I. A. Getting",
  title =        "Perspective\slash navigation --- The {Global
                 Positioning System}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "36--38",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272176",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3-D satellite based navigation; Aircraft navigation;
                 bandwidth compression; civilian applications; Global
                 Positioning System; GPS; Inertial navigation; Jupiter;
                 Laboratories; military applications; navigation;
                 Navstar; Observatories; Position measurement; Pulse
                 measurements; Radio navigation; radionavigation;
                 satellite relay systems; Time measurement",
}

@Article{Geppert:1993:PNC,
  author =       "L. Geppert",
  title =        "Platforms: the new contenders --- not your father's
                 {CPU}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "20--23",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272201",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "branch instructions; Central Processing Unit; Circuit
                 synthesis; CISC; Clocks; complex-instruction-set
                 computer; Coupling circuits; Delay; Lithography;
                 microcomputers; microprocessor chips; microprocessors;
                 Microprocessors; multiprocessing systems;
                 multiprocessor chips; on-chip caches; Pipeline
                 processing; reduced instruction set computing; Reduced
                 instruction set computing; reduced-instruction-set
                 computer; RISC; Silicon; superscalar operation",
}

@Article{Comerford:1993:PNC,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Platforms: the new contenders --- operating systems go
                 head-to-head",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "23--25",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272202",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Computer displays; Computer
                 networks; Control systems; Distributed computing; DOS;
                 Fans; graphical user interfaces; Kernel; Network
                 servers; operating systems; Operating systems;
                 operating systems (computers); Sun; Unix; Windows",
}

@Article{Lucky:1994:DSC,
  author =       "R. W. Lucky",
  title =        "The disappearing space crunch [Reflections]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--4",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249027",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "engineering; engineering laboratories; Engineering
                 management; engineering offices; engineers;
                 laboratories; Laboratories; management; space crunch",
}

@Article{Perry:1994:ME,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "The media event",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "21--21",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249038",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3D; augmented reality; Automotive engineering; Cities
                 and towns; control gloves; Control systems; data
                 gloves; helmet displays; History; Humans; interactive
                 worlds; Laboratories; media; telepresence; Three
                 dimensional displays; TV broadcasting; USA; user
                 interfaces; Virtual reality; virtual reality;
                 Visualization",
}

@Article{Bell:1994:AFI,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Analysis and forecast issue: technology 1994",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "20--21",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249047",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace; Aerospace testing; application software;
                 compatibility; competitiveness; consumer electronics;
                 Consumer electronics; Data communication; data
                 communications; Electronic equipment testing; energy;
                 forecasting; Hardware; Industrial electronics;
                 industrial electronics; large computers; Load
                 forecasting; measurement; medical electronics;
                 military; Military computing; PCs; power; Software
                 design; software engineering; solid state; technical
                 development; technological forecasting; Technology
                 forecasting; telecommunications; testing;
                 transportation; workstations",
}

@Article{Bell:1994:T,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Telecommunications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "22--25",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249049",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asia; cable television; cable TV; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Consumer electronics; Europe; fibre
                 lasers; fibre optic amplifiers; mobile communications;
                 Monopoly; Optical fiber devices; Optical fibers;
                 optical links; Postal services; privatisation; Pulse
                 amplifiers; radiotelephony; telecommunication
                 authorities; telecommunication services;
                 Telecommunications; wireless technology",
}

@Article{Borsook:1994:DC,
  author =       "P. Borsook",
  title =        "Data communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "26--29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249051",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asynchronous transfer mode; audio; B-ISDN; business;
                 Communication industry; Computer industry; consumer
                 market; Data communication; data communication systems;
                 data communications; data speed; Educational
                 institutions; Internet; IP networks; LAN; local area
                 networks; mobile communication systems; mobile
                 communications; multimedia; multimedia systems;
                 real-time; Switches; telecommunication services; video;
                 Video sharing; wireless communications",
}

@Article{Perry:1994:CE,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Consumer electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--34",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249053",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computer aided manufacturing; Consumer electronics;
                 consumer electronics; decoding; digital satellite
                 broadcasting; direct broadcasting by satellite;
                 electronics industry; HDTV; high definition television;
                 Image coding; interactive video; MPEG standards;
                 personal digital assistants; Satellite broadcasting;
                 smart TV decoders; System testing; television
                 broadcasting; Transform coding; TV; Video compression",
}

@Article{Comerford:1994:PW,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "{PCs} and workstations",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--37",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249057",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3D display; active matrix screens; Books; CISC;
                 client--server computing; complex-instruction-set
                 computing; Distributed computing; interactive video
                 communications; Manufacturing; Marketing and sales;
                 microcomputers; microcontroller-based systems;
                 multimedia; Multimedia computing; multimedia systems;
                 notebook computers; Operating systems; Optical
                 buffering; Personal communication networks; personal
                 computers; Reduced instruction set computing; reduced
                 instruction set computing; reduced-instruction-set
                 computing; RISC; screens (display); Workstations;
                 workstations",
}

@Article{Gabel:1994:SE,
  author =       "D. A. Gabel",
  title =        "Software engineering",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "38--41",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249059",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Availability; client--server;
                 computer networks; Data engineering; Distributed
                 processing; Hardware; Object oriented programming;
                 object-oriented programming; programming environments;
                 programming techniques; Resistors; Software
                 engineering; software engineering; Software standards;
                 Software systems; task distribution",
}

@Article{Gabel:1994:AS,
  author =       "D. A. Gabel",
  title =        "Application software",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "42--45",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249063",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application software; Application software; Data
                 engineering; Design engineering; Digital signal
                 processing; DP industry; DSP tools; engineering design;
                 Hardware; Manufacturing; operating system; Operating
                 systems; operating systems (computers); Radio
                 frequency; Reliability engineering; RF tools; Software
                 tools; software updating; Windows NT; wireless
                 systems",
}

@Article{Khermouch:1994:LC,
  author =       "G. Khermouch",
  title =        "Large computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "46--49",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249065",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cray; Cray computers; IBM; IBM computers; parallel
                 machines; Parallel machines; parallel processing;
                 Supercomputers",
}

@Article{Geppert:1994:SS,
  author =       "L. Geppert",
  title =        "Solid state",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "50--53",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249069",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "275 MHz; Alpha 275 MHz chip; Application software;
                 Computer aided manufacturing; Conductors; electronic
                 equipment manufacture; electronics industry; Energy
                 management; microprocessor chips; microprocessors;
                 Microprocessors; Portable computers; process-monitoring
                 software; Reduced instruction set computing;
                 semiconductor manufacturers; Si-Ge technology; Silicon;
                 solid state; Solid state circuits; technological
                 forecasting; Testing",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1994:TM,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "Test and measurement",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "54--57",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249071",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "automated calibration; automatic test equipment;
                 automatic testing; Business; Calibration; calibration;
                 Companies; Defense industry; hardware; Hardware;
                 instruments; ISO 9000; Manufacturing automation;
                 Manufacturing industries; market; measurement;
                 measurement standards; measuring instruments; Military
                 computing; Quality management; software; standards;
                 technological forecasting; Testing; testing",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1994:PE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Power and energy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "58--61",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249073",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "air pollution control; air pollution detection and
                 control; Asia; Clean Air Act; Councils; Electric
                 variables measurement; electricity shortfall;
                 Electricity supply industry; electricity supply
                 industry; Energy measurement; energy policy; energy
                 resources; FERC regulations; Nominations and elections;
                 Power generation; Proposals; Regulators; Speech;
                 standard; standards; US Department of Energy; USA",
}

@Article{Dooling:1994:T,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Transportation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--65",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249075",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aircraft navigation; Asia; Batteries; Computer
                 displays; energy storage devices; Europe; flywheel
                 battery; Flywheels; harbour approach remapping;
                 high-speed railways; Production facilities;
                 radionavigation; Rail transportation; railways; road
                 systems; Road transportation; Robotics and automation;
                 satellite; satellite relay systems; smart cars;
                 Testing; transportation; USA",
}

@Article{Dooling:1994:AM,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Aerospace and military",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "66--69",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249077",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace; aerospace industry; Aerospace industry;
                 Arm; DC-X demonstration vehicle; Defense industry;
                 Infrared heating; military; Military aircraft; military
                 equipment; Missiles; Nuclear weapons; Production;
                 research programs; Russia; space research; space
                 station; space vehicles; Space vehicles; technology
                 developments; Testing; USA",
}

@Article{Adam:1994:ME,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Medical electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--73",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.249079",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3D simulation; biomedical electronics; breast cancer
                 diagnosis; Costs; data communication systems;
                 developments; doctors; Economic indicators; Educational
                 technology; Engineering in medicine and biology; home
                 care; Hospitals; Manufacturing; Medical diagnostic
                 imaging; medical electronics; Medical services; patient
                 diagnosis; radio networks; robot; Societies; surgeons;
                 surgery; Testing; wireless data communication
                 networks",
}

@Article{Miller:1994:VSI,
  author =       "B. Miller",
  title =        "Vital signs of identity [biometrics]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22--30",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.259484",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "automated personal identification; biometrics;
                 Biometrics; biometrics (access control); Computer
                 hacking; Costs; Counterfeiting; Databases; development;
                 face recognition; Fingerprint recognition;
                 fingerprints; handwriting; human face; Iris; iris
                 patterns; keystroke patterns; market; physiological
                 characteristic; Pins; Psychology; recognition; speech;
                 speech recognition; Switches; verification",
}

@Article{Sweet:1994:NFA,
  author =       "W. Sweet",
  title =        "Nuclear fusion advances",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "31--36",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.259490",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AD 1983 to 93; bootstrap current; Deuterium;
                 Electrons; Fuels; fusion reactor theory and design;
                 Fusion reactors; Hydrogen; impurities control;
                 Inductors; ITER; noninductive current drive; nuclear
                 fusion; Plasma confinement; plasma confinement; plasma
                 impurities; plasma shaping; Plasma temperature; plasma
                 toroidal confinement; Tokamak devices; Tokamaks",
}

@Article{Prince:1994:MFL,
  author =       "B. Prince",
  title =        "Memory in the fast lane",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "38--41",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.259491",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application specific DRAMs; Bandwidth; buffer storage;
                 cache hierarchy; Circuit testing; Computer
                 architecture; Costs; Delay; DRAM chips; high-bandwidth
                 memories; Microprocessors; multimedia; multimedia
                 systems; multiprocessing; multiprocessing systems;
                 Plugs; RAM; Random access memory; Read-write memory;
                 SRAM caches; SRAM chips; synchronous memories",
}

@Article{Lane:1994:AKV,
  author =       "J. Lane",
  title =        "{ATM} knits voice, data on any net",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "42--45",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.259492",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "applications; asynchronous transfer mode; Asynchronous
                 transfer mode; ATM; Communication industry;
                 communications industry; Data communication; data
                 communication systems; data communications; Digital
                 relays; Force measurement; Frame relay; Modems;
                 technology; telecommunication services;
                 Telecommunication traffic; Time measurement; voice
                 communication; voice communications; Wideband",
}

@Article{Perry:1994:MHJ,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "{Marcian E. Hoff, Jr.}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "46--49",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.259493",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "biographies; biography; Circuits; codec; Copper;
                 Educational institutions; Frequency; history; ICs;
                 instruments; Laboratories; Lightning; Management
                 training; Marcian E. Hoff Jr; microprocessor; Neural
                 networks; Oscilloscopes; oscilloscopes; patent
                 attorneys; PCs; profile; Rail transportation; single
                 chip coder/decoder",
}

@Article{Gupta:1994:AGG,
  author =       "M. S. Gupta",
  title =        "In academe's grungy groves [engineering education]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "16--16",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265386",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application specific integrated circuits; Australia;
                 Bridges; Costs; education; Educational programs;
                 engineering; Engineering education; engineering
                 education; Event detection; Laboratories; Physics;
                 reports; TV; university; USA",
}

@Article{vonAulock:1994:SCM,
  author =       "W. H. {von Aulock}",
  title =        "Smart cars may not be smart",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "16--16",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265387",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application specific integrated circuits; Australia;
                 automatic navigation; Bridges; buses; cars; Costs;
                 Educational programs; Event detection; highway
                 congestion; intelligent vehicle highway systems;
                 Laboratories; people-moving capacity; Physics; road
                 traffic; road traffic control; smart cars; traffic
                 computer control; TV; vans; Writing",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1994:TI,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Technology in {India}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "24--32",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265402",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asia; Chemical industry; Chemical technology;
                 Companies; developing countries; Economic indicators;
                 economics; economy; engineering; Government; India;
                 industrialisation; manufacture; Manufacturing
                 industries; politics; science; Standards development;
                 technical workforce; technology; Telephony; Testing",
}

@Article{Soota:1994:POS,
  author =       "A. Soota",
  title =        "A partner on the other side of the globe",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "34--36",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265404",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Communication industry; Computer
                 industry; computer software; DP industry; high
                 technology leveraging; independent software vendors;
                 International collaboration; Manufacturing industries;
                 Operating systems; Orbit 1; original-equipment
                 manufacturers; Packaging; Programming; Solaris
                 operating system; Sun; SunSoft products; support;
                 technical support services; Telecommunication
                 computing",
}

@Article{Chidambaram:1994:NTP,
  author =       "R. Chidambaram and A. Kakodkar and P. Rodriguez",
  title =        "Nuclear technology: power to the people",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265405",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Automation; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Computer industry; electrification;
                 energy security; fission reactor cooling and heat
                 recovery; fission reactor fuel; fission reactor fuel
                 preparation and reprocessing; fission reactor theory
                 and design; Hardware; India; Inductors; Investments;
                 liquid-metal fast breeder reactors; nuclear power
                 plants; nuclear power stations; Outsourcing;
                 pressurized heavy water reactors; Protection; Pu;
                 reprocessing; Research and development; research
                 program; self-sufficiency; technology development; Th;
                 thermal breeder reactors; U; uranium 233-thorium-232
                 fuel cycle",
}

@Article{Kasturirangan:1994:ATT,
  author =       "K. Kasturirangan",
  title =        "Aerospace technologies: a terrestrial focus",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "39--43",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265406",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace industry; aerospace technologies; Artificial
                 satellites; business; India; industry; Meteorology;
                 Relays; Remote sensing; Rockets; Satellite
                 broadcasting; space industry; space program; space
                 research; Space shuttles; Space technology;
                 Transponders; TV broadcasting",
}

@Article{Pradhan:1994:TLP,
  author =       "B. D. Pradhan",
  title =        "Telecommunications: at least a phone in every
                 village",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "43--47",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265407",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "availability; Communication switching; Digital
                 systems; India; joint development; manufacture;
                 Manufacturing; multinationals; Out of order; quality;
                 standards; state of the art; state-of-the-art
                 technologies; Switches; Technology management;
                 telecommunication services; Telecommunication
                 switching; telecommunications; Telematics; telephone
                 systems; telephones; Telephony; Urban areas",
}

@Article{Kodali:1994:EDT,
  author =       "V. P. Kodali and V. K. Aatre",
  title =        "Electronics and defense: turning setbacks into
                 successes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "47--50",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265408",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "applications; Business; concurrent engineering;
                 Consumer electronics; defense; Defense industry; design
                 engineering; development opportunities; Electronics
                 industry; electronics industry; India; Industrial
                 electronics; Manufacturing; military equipment;
                 Production; Productivity; research; spare parts;
                 support; Telephony; Turning",
}

@Article{Ramamoorty:1994:EPG,
  author =       "M. Ramamoorty",
  title =        "Electric power: a government priority",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "51--52",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265409",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1200 km; 1500 km; 38000 MW; 395300000 MWh; 400 kV;
                 4000 km; 472700000 MWh; 65000 MW; 70000 MW; 800 kV;
                 Availability; development; electric power generation;
                 five year economic plan; generating capacity;
                 Government; government; government policies; HVDC line;
                 India; Laboratories; Meeting planning; peak demand;
                 peak power availability; planning; Power generation;
                 Power supplies; power system planning; Power system
                 reliability; power transmission lines; Standards
                 development; System testing; Thyristors; transmission
                 circuits; transmission networks; transmission system",
}

@Article{Goyal:1994:MSI,
  author =       "R. Goyal",
  title =        "Managing signal integrity [{PCB} design]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "54--58",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265411",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "circuit CAD; Clocks; crosstalk; Distributed parameter
                 circuits; Driver circuits; Frequency; ground bounce;
                 high-speed effects; high-speed PCBs; Integrated circuit
                 interconnections; integrated design systems; multichip
                 modules; Optical fiber networks; PCB design; printed
                 circuit design; Printed circuits; printed-circuit
                 boards; reflections; ringing; Signal analysis; Signal
                 design; signal integrity analysis tools; system clock
                 rates; Transmission line theory",
}

@Article{Flint:1994:TMM,
  author =       "A. Flint",
  title =        "Testing multichip modules",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "59--62",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265412",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Automatic testing; board-type tests; boundary scan;
                 boundary scan testing; Circuit faults; Circuit testing;
                 Electronic equipment testing; hybrid integrated
                 circuits; IC tester; Integrated circuit packaging;
                 integrated circuit testing; Integrated circuit testing;
                 Military computing; multichip module testing; Multichip
                 modules; multichip modules; Pins; System testing; test
                 methodology; test vectors",
}

@Article{Skytte:1994:ESS,
  author =       "K. Skytte",
  title =        "Engineering a small system",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "63--65",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.265414",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "commercial products; concurrent engineering; Costs;
                 design; Design engineering; design engineering;
                 development projects; Dictionaries; Electrical
                 capacitance tomography; government projects;
                 high-quality product; Instruments; Mice; Product
                 design; project engineering; specifications; Standards
                 development; systems engineering; Systems engineering
                 and theory; Ultrasonic imaging",
}

@Article{Perry:1994:EBE,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "{EEs} in the boardroom [electrical engineers]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "20--24",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272223",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Board of Directors; boardroom; business; commerce;
                 Computer networks; Computer science; confidence;
                 Control systems; corporate board members; Electrical
                 engineering; electrical engineering; electrical
                 engineers; Investments; Lifting equipment; management;
                 Recruitment; Technology management; technology related
                 decisions; Voting",
}

@Article{Collier:1994:SCS,
  author =       "W. C. Collier and R. J. Weiland",
  title =        "Smart cars, smart highways",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "27--33",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272224",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "automobile electronics; Automobiles; automotive
                 electronics; buses; Electronic equipment testing;
                 Europe; Informatics; Intelligent Vehicle Highway
                 System; Intelligent vehicles; Japan; pollution; private
                 vehicles; radionavigation; Rail transportation; Road
                 safety; road traffic; Road Transport Informatics; Road
                 transportation; Road vehicles; roadways; safety; smart
                 cars; smart highways; System testing; traffic computer
                 control; traffic jams; trains; transportation network;
                 trucks; USA",
}

@Article{Green:1994:CUR,
  author =       "M. Green",
  title =        "Complying with Union rules",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "34--37",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272227",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "commerce; Companies; Consumer protection; Delay;
                 directives; Europe; European Union; Health and safety;
                 management; Manufacturing; Marketing and sales; product
                 requirements; safety; Shock waves; single market;
                 standards; Statistics; US Department of Commerce",
}

@Article{DiTomaso:1994:DDW,
  author =       "N. DiTomaso and G. F. Farris and R. Cordero",
  title =        "Degrees and diversity at work",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "38--42",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272230",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Displays; education; Engineering drawings; Engineering
                 profession; engineers; gender; immigrant status; native
                 status; personnel; professional aspects; R&D
                 professionals; research and development management;
                 Reservoirs; scientists; United States",
}

@Article{Comerford:1994:EWP,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Engineering workstations and {PCs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "45--45",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272232",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CD-ROMs; client--server; Computer industry; computer
                 networks; Consumer electronics; Costs; engineering
                 workstations; File servers; low-cost workstations;
                 Market research; microcomputers; network backup;
                 optical disc drives; Optical fiber networks; Personal
                 communication networks; personal computers; Power
                 generation economics; Workstations",
}

@Article{Larocque:1994:CST,
  author =       "J. Larocque",
  title =        "Client--server trends",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "48--50",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272234",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1993 Database World and Client-Server World Show;
                 Application software; client--server computing;
                 client--server trends; Computer aided manufacturing;
                 computer networks; Costs; Databases; Distributed
                 computing; Flexible manufacturing systems; Gold;
                 Hardware; information system managers; Manufacturing
                 industries; mission-critical client--server
                 applications; Productivity; software developers;
                 software vendors; vertically integrated industries",
}

@Article{Juliussen:1994:WLE,
  author =       "E. Juliussen",
  title =        "Which low-end workstation?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "51--54",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272235",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "business data; buyer's guides; Computer architecture;
                 Computer displays; Computer networks; computer
                 selection; digital storage; Information systems;
                 low-end workstation; Personal communication networks;
                 Portable computers; qualitative analysis; quantitative
                 analysis; Read-write memory; Reduced instruction set
                 computing; storage backup; storage management;
                 Switches; technical data; Workstations; workstations",
}

@Article{Spicer:1994:BN,
  author =       "J. Spicer",
  title =        "Backing up the network",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "66--70",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272237",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "8 mm tape; Computer industry; computer networks; DAT;
                 DC2000; DC6000; Engines; Environmental management;
                 heterogeneous computing environment; magnetic tape
                 storage; Marketing and sales; Military computing;
                 network data back up; Network operating systems;
                 Operating systems; security of data; standards;
                 Standards development; tape back up systems; TEAC;
                 Telecommunication network reliability; Utility
                 programs",
}

@Article{Comerford:1994:MD,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "The multimedia drive",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "77--83",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.272239",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CD recording; CD-ROM; CD-ROMs; equipment evaluation;
                 Libraries; magnetic-tape backup systems; multimedia;
                 multimedia systems; Optical fiber networks; Optical
                 network units; Optical recording; optical storage;
                 Publishing; Read only memory; software distribution;
                 storage density; TV; Video recording",
}

@Article{Bryzek:1994:MM,
  author =       "J. Bryzek and K. Peterson and W. McCulley",
  title =        "Micromachines on the march",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "20--31",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.278394",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Actuators; Aerospace electronics; atomic bonds; Atomic
                 measurements; avionics; Biomedical equipment; bury and
                 destroy; Circuits; consumer equipment; detectors;
                 electric actuators; electric sensing devices;
                 electromechanical actuators; Electromechanical sensors;
                 electromechanical sensors; Fabrication; fabrication
                 techniques; industrial equipment; integrated circuit
                 technology; LIGA; mechanical applications; Mechanical
                 sensors; medical equipment; micromachines;
                 micromechanical devices; pressure sensors; Signal
                 analysis; signal-processing circuitry; Silicon; silicon
                 wafers; SLIGA; surface activity",
}

@Article{Kalinin:1994:SSN,
  author =       "A. V. Kalinin",
  title =        "Secrets of the {Soviet} nuclear complex",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "32--38",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.278396",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Accidents; fissile materials disposal; Fuels;
                 Measurement units; Milling; nuclear power; Nuclear
                 power generation; Nuclear thermodynamics; Nuclear
                 weapons; nuclear-industrial complex; Power generation
                 economics; Production facilities; reactor disposal;
                 Soviet nuclear complex; Throughput; USSR; warheads
                 disposal",
}

@Article{Colmenares:1994:FPW,
  author =       "N. J. Colmenares",
  title =        "The {FCC} on personal wireless",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "39--46",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.278397",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Communication industry; Communication switching;
                 construction requirements; eligibility requirements;
                 FCC; Federal Communications Commission; frequency
                 allocation; geographic service areas; Land mobile
                 radio; Mobile communication; mobile radio systems;
                 personal communication networks; Personal communication
                 networks; personal communications services; radio
                 spectrum; Radio spectrum management; radio-frequency
                 radiation exposure; Switches; technical standards;
                 Telephony; Transceivers; United States",
}

@Article{Johnson:1994:AMS,
  author =       "M. Johnson",
  title =        "The all-metal spin transistor",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "47--51",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.278401",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "all-metal spin transistor; Charge carrier processes;
                 collector; Conductors; copper; Electron emission;
                 emitter; ferromagnetic films; ferromagnetism; gold;
                 Ice; magnetic hysteresis; magnetic thin film devices;
                 Magnetization; nonmagnetic base layer; Physics
                 computing; Radiative recombination; Silicon; silver;
                 Spontaneous emission; switching device; three-layer
                 spin transistor; three-terminal spin transistor;
                 transistors; Voltage",
}

@Article{Gracon:1994:LSC,
  author =       "H. Gracon and M. Clark",
  title =        "Layoffs should come last",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "52--55",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.278404",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Acoustical engineering; Costs; Councils; Delay;
                 employment; Employment; Engineering management; Europe;
                 Marketing and sales; personnel; Position measurement;
                 retraining; shorter work weeks; staff layoffs;
                 Surgery",
}

@Article{Miller:1994:HA,
  author =       "A. Miller",
  title =        "From here to {ATM}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "20--24",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.284782",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; asynchronous transfer mode;
                 Asynchronous transfer mode; asynchronous transfer mode;
                 ATM; Bandwidth; Data communication; data communications
                 highway; Delay; Diseases; local area networks; Local
                 area networks; local area networks; open systems;
                 protocols; Solar energy; technological forecasting;
                 Telecommunication traffic; token networks; video
                 communications; Video compression; visual
                 communication; voice communication; voice
                 communications; wide area networks",
}

@Article{Ruiu:1994:TAS,
  author =       "B. Ruiu",
  title =        "Testing {ATM} systems",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "25--27",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.284783",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "asynchronous transfer mode; Asynchronous transfer
                 mode; ATM; B-ISDN; bandwidth; Bandwidth; data
                 communication systems; electronic equipment testing;
                 flexibility; high speed; ISDN; Local area networks;
                 media; Protocols; System testing; Telecommunication
                 traffic; testing; Traffic control; Video compression",
}

@Article{Brunet:1994:HLL,
  author =       "C. J. Brunet",
  title =        "Hybridizing the local loop",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "28--32",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.284784",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "cable television; Cable TV; cable TV companies;
                 Central office; Coaxial cables; Coaxial components;
                 Communication cables; electric utilities; electricity
                 supply industry; Hybrid fiber coaxial cables; local
                 loop; Optical fiber cables; Optical fiber
                 communication; Optical fiber testing; optical fibres;
                 optical links; phone companies; subscriber loops;
                 telecommunication services; telecommunications
                 services; Telephony",
}

@Article{Mackey:1994:MSS,
  author =       "W. A. Mackey and J. C. Carter",
  title =        "Measure the steps to success [concurrent
                 engineering]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "33--38",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.284786",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace industry; Aircraft; Concurrent engineering;
                 concurrent engineering; Design engineering;
                 Electromagnetic coupling; emergency disaster relief;
                 event-based concurrent engineering; Feedback; Hughes
                 Aircraft; Information analysis; Manufacturing; night
                 vision system design; Process planning; Product
                 development; product quality improvement; Reliability
                 engineering; spacecraft development",
}

@Article{Shapiro:1994:GHH,
  author =       "J. Shapiro",
  title =        "{George H. Heilmeier}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "56--59",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.284787",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Bell Communications Research Inc.; biographies;
                 biography; careers; Communication system control;
                 concurrent engineering; Convergence; design
                 engineering; Educational institutions; Engineering
                 profession; George H. Heilmeier; high-technology
                 development; Industrial relations; Milling machines;
                 Natural languages; Physical layer; research
                 organisations; Telecommunication computing;
                 Telecommunication control; telecommunication services",
}

@Article{Dominach:1994:DRD,
  author =       "R. F. Dominach",
  title =        "Design reviews at a distance",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "39--40",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.284789",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "conferencing software; Continents; Design engineering;
                 design engineering; design for manufacture; Design for
                 manufacture; design reviews; Electronic components;
                 Engineering drawings; low bandwidth communication
                 network; Manufacturing; Product development; Production
                 facilities; scattered development teams; Scattering;
                 Teamwork; teleconferencing",
}

@Article{Hopf:1994:TID,
  author =       "S. Hopf and T. Warneke",
  title =        "Tools interact in design analyses",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "41--43",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.284790",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Algorithm design and analysis; Bell Northern Research;
                 circuit analysis computing; circuit performance;
                 concurrent engineering; concurrent environment; design
                 analyses; Design optimization; digital simulation;
                 Electromagnetic analysis; Electromagnetic
                 compatibility; Electromagnetic interference; Frequency;
                 interactive tool set; physical characteristics; shared
                 data; Signal analysis; Signal design; Switching
                 circuits; Thermal management; UniSolve",
}

@Article{Davis:1994:APR,
  author =       "T. Davis",
  title =        "Adopting a policy of reuse",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "44--48",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.284792",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Business; Context modeling; Costs; Europe; Gold;
                 Government; Productivity; Programming; proven systems
                 designs reuse; software reusability; software reuse;
                 Software systems; systems analysis; Testing",
}

@Article{Raji:1994:SNC,
  author =       "R. S. Raji",
  title =        "Smart networks for control",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "49--55",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.284793",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Actuators; Automatic control; automation; building
                 management systems; Computer aided manufacturing;
                 Computer networks; control net architecture; Control
                 systems; data transmission; distributed processing;
                 embedded microprocessors; entire factories; fast
                 response; Fires; home appliances; intelligent control;
                 Intelligent sensors; Local area networks; Manufacturing
                 processes; Microprocessors; network topology;
                 protocols; smart control networks",
}

@Article{Lucky:1994:BBB,
  author =       "R. W. Lucky",
  title =        "A bit is a bit is a bit? [Reflections]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "15--15",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.294930",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Auditory system; bits; Boolean algebra; CD recording;
                 CD-ROMs; Computer displays; data handling; History;
                 Information Age; information theory; Plastic packaging;
                 Telecommunications; TV",
}

@Article{Dooling:1994:LQC,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "{L+25}: a quarter century after the {Apollo} landing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "16--29",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.294931",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Apollo 11; Apollo landing; command/service module;
                 history; lunar lander; lunar orbit; Moon; Moon
                 landings; projects; Russia; space research; space
                 vehicles",
}

@Article{Werner:1994:HVL,
  author =       "K. Werner",
  title =        "Higher visibility for {LEDs}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "30--34",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.294941",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application; Automotive engineering; brightness;
                 Charge carrier processes; Conducting materials; Costs;
                 Electrons; III-V semiconductor materials; lamps; LED;
                 LED lamps; life; Light emitting diodes; light emitting
                 diodes; light sources; light-emitting diodes;
                 luminance; luminous efficiency; maintenance cost;
                 Radiative recombination; ruggedness; safety;
                 semiconductor devices; solid-state devices; Spontaneous
                 emission",
}

@Article{Swetnam:1994:CEI,
  author =       "G. F. Swetnam",
  title =        "A {Capitol} experience [{IEEE Congressional Fellow},
                 experience]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "40--43",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.294944",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Chaos; Constitution; environment; IEEE Congressional
                 Fellow; legislation; legislative assistant; Libraries;
                 Particle measurements; professional aspects;
                 Remuneration; societies; Steel; transportation; US
                 Government; US senator; Wheels",
}

@Article{Zinser:1994:MPP,
  author =       "K. Zinser and F. Frischenschlager",
  title =        "Multimedia's push into power",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "44--48",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.294947",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "ABB Corporate Research; ABB Power Plant Control;
                 availability; coal-fired power plant; data
                 visualisation; Data visualization; digital control;
                 Documentation; economy; Germany; hypermedia
                 documentation access; interactive video facilities;
                 Mice; multimedia; multimedia systems; Multimedia
                 systems; Navigation; Power generation; power station
                 computer control; process information visualisation;
                 Product safety; Prototypes; safety; SCADA system; SCADA
                 systems; supervisory control and data acquisition
                 system; Teleconferencing; thermal power stations;
                 videoconferencing; wall-sized screens; window-based
                 interface",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1994:SSE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "A slow start for emissions trading",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "49--52",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.294950",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Costs; electrical demand; emission-allowance trading;
                 emissions trading; Environmental economics; equipment
                 costs; Flue gases; fuel costs; Fuels; Government; labor
                 costs; legislation; Monitoring; Nitrogen; plant
                 efficiencies; Pollution; Power generation; Regulators;
                 state regulations; sulfur dioxide restrictions; thermal
                 power stations; United States; US legislation",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1994:PPG,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "A peripatetic prodigy goes home",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "56--58",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.294954",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "biographies; Books; defense research center;
                 Education; Educational institutions; Electrical
                 engineering; Fellows; India; Mathukumali Vidyasagar;
                 Tongue",
}

@Article{Dillon:1994:SBL,
  author =       "P. S. Dillon",
  title =        "Salvageability becoming law",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "18--21",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.299530",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Consumer electronics; Costs;
                 disassembly instructions; electronic equipment
                 manufacture; electronics industry; Electronics
                 industry; European electronic equipment manufacturers;
                 green port concept; hazardous components location; Home
                 appliances; Inorganic materials; legislation; material
                 recycling; obsolete electronic products reclamation;
                 Recycling; TV; waste disposal; Waste materials;
                 Weapons",
}

@Article{Biddle:1994:RR,
  author =       "M. B. Biddle and R. Mann",
  title =        "Recipe for recycling",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "22--24",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.299532",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aluminum; Assembly; Building materials; Consumer
                 electronics; Copper; discarded electronic products;
                 electrical equipment; electronic equipment; electronic
                 equipment manufacture; electronics industry;
                 Environmental economics; Glass; integrated recycling
                 approach; materials reprocessing; Plastics; recycling;
                 Recycling; Steel; waste disposal",
}

@Article{Perry:1994:GR,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "`{Green}' refrigerators",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "25--30",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.299533",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Chemical technology; Coolants; domestic appliances;
                 Earth; energy conservation; Energy efficiency; energy
                 use reduction; Insulation; Manufacturing;
                 ozone-depleting chemicals; power consumption;
                 Protection; Refrigeration; refrigeration technologies;
                 Refrigerators; refrigerators; regulations; Switches;
                 thermoacoustic refrigeration",
}

@Article{Gourley:1994:DM,
  author =       "P. L. Gourley and K. L. Lear and R. P. Schneider",
  title =        "A different mirror",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "31--33",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.299535",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "atomic layering; bandgap engineering; collimated
                 circular beams; Collimators; crystalline structure;
                 Crystallization; electrical properties; laser
                 accessories; Laser beams; metal-organic vapor phase
                 epitaxy; Mirrors; mirrors; molecular beam epitaxial
                 growth; Molecular beam epitaxial growth; molecular beam
                 epitaxy; optical properties; optical workshop
                 techniques; Semiconductor device manufacture;
                 semiconductor growth; Semiconductor laser arrays;
                 semiconductor laser arrays; Semiconductor materials;
                 semiconductor materials; surface emitting laser
                 mirrors; Surface emitting lasers; two-dimensional
                 arrays; Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers;
                 vertical-cavity lasers",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1994:AD,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Autopilots of the deep",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "38--44",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.299537",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "autonomous underwater vehicles; Condition monitoring;
                 controllers; ecology; energy sources; Engineering
                 management; Financial management; Ice; marine science;
                 marine systems; Marine vehicles; Military aircraft;
                 Mobile robots; naval operations; Oceans; offshore oil
                 operations; power supplies to apparatus; Project
                 management; Remotely operated vehicles",
}

@Article{Comerford:1994:MWM,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Mecha\ldots{} what? [mechatronics]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "46--49",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.299539",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "automobiles; automotive electronics; braking; Chemical
                 industry; Computational modeling; Concurrent
                 engineering; Design automation; design engineering;
                 Design engineering; electromechanical products;
                 electronic braking system; electronic control; Europe;
                 Japan; Libraries; mechatronics; Mechatronics;
                 mechatronics; optimum performance; precision mechanical
                 engineering; Solid modeling; System performance;
                 transport computer control; United States",
}

@Article{Geppert:1994:IRN,
  author =       "L. Geppert",
  title =        "Industrial {R\&D}: the new priorities",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "30--36",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.309958",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "alliances; business; Business; commercial research
                 institutions; competition; consortia; Consumer
                 electronics; funding; government policies; government
                 research institutions; Heating; industrial
                 laboratories; industrial R&D; Interference elimination;
                 investment; laboratories; Laboratories; Personal
                 communication networks; Prototypes; Research and
                 development; research and development management;
                 Technology management; technology transfer; Telephone
                 sets; university research",
}

@Article{Ishii:1994:ES,
  author =       "T. Ishii",
  title =        "Elevators for skyscrapers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "42--46",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.309960",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Buildings; electric drives; Elevators; elevators;
                 Floors; Footwear; hoistway; lifts; linear motors;
                 linear synchronous PM motor drives; multiple cars;
                 Noise generators; one-shaft ropeless systems; permanent
                 magnet motors; Poles and towers; Rails; Shafts;
                 skyscrapers; stability; strength; suspension cables;
                 synchronous motors; Torque; Vehicle safety; volume",
}

@Article{May:1994:MIN,
  author =       "G. S. May",
  title =        "Manufacturing {ICs} the neural way",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "47--51",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.309961",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CIM; Computer aided manufacturing; computer integrated
                 manufacturing; Computer integrated manufacturing;
                 computer integrated manufacturing; cost-effectiveness;
                 Design automation; electronic engineering computing;
                 Fabrication; hardware; Hardware; IC; input-output
                 relationships; integrated circuit manufacture;
                 integrated circuits; Investments; Manufacturing
                 processes; neural nets; neural networks; Neural
                 networks; Semiconductor device manufacture; software;
                 Software",
}

@Article{Maunder:1994:DT,
  author =       "C. Maunder",
  title =        "Documentation on tap",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "52--56",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.309964",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "accessing; acquisition; browsing; CD-ROMs; Costs;
                 Databases; distribution; document handling;
                 documentation; Documentation; electronic documents;
                 electronic publishing; Floppy disks; hypermedia;
                 hypertext; implementation; information; information
                 retrieval; Manuals; Optical communication equipment;
                 publication; Publishing; Read only memory; searching;
                 SGML; Switches; visual databases",
}

@Article{Bell:1994:AYC,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "{Alfred Yi Cho} [biography]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "70--73",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328644",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Alfred Yi Cho; biographies; Biographies; crystal
                 growth technique; molecular beam epitaxial growth;
                 molecular beam epitaxy; professional success",
}

@Article{Youst:1994:SFT,
  author =       "D. B. Youst and L. Lipsett",
  title =        "Survival of the fittest [technical skills
                 development]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "67--69",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328645",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Electrical equipment industry; Employment; Heart rate;
                 Industrial control; Industrial training; learning
                 options; management; Muscles; Occupational health;
                 Optimization methods; organisational resources;
                 organisational support; personnel; professional
                 aspects; Psychology; Shape; skill development process;
                 skill objectives identification; skill priorities;
                 technical skills development",
}

@Article{Asthana:1994:LRO,
  author =       "P. Asthana",
  title =        "A long road to overnight success [optical disc
                 storage]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "60--66",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328646",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CD-ROMs; Computer aided manufacturing; Costs; Drives;
                 Engineering profession; Image motion analysis; Laser
                 beams; optical disc storage; optical disc technologies;
                 Optical recording; Optical sensors; Robustness;
                 Stimulated emission",
}

@Article{Fowler:1994:DAG,
  author =       "C. A. Fowler",
  title =        "Defense acquisition: grab the ax",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "55--59",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328647",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "acquisition system; Aircraft propulsion; Costs;
                 economics; Government; Logistics; Manufacturing;
                 military systems; Proposals; Shape; Software
                 performance; Telephony; US Department of Defense",
}

@Article{Sweet:1994:ESP,
  author =       "W. Sweet",
  title =        "{Europe}'s supercollider project",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "47--54",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328648",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Colliding beam accelerators; Costs; Councils; Europe;
                 Laboratories; Large Hadron Collider; LHC; Particle
                 accelerators; Particle beams; Physics; proton
                 accelerators; Proton accelerators; SSC; storage rings;
                 synchrotrons",
}

@Article{Bhattacharya:1994:HWR,
  author =       "T. K. Bhattacharya",
  title =        "Homemade watts for rural {India}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "44--46",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328649",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Batteries; Costs; Fluorescent lamps; Government;
                 lighting; photovoltaic power systems; Photovoltaic
                 systems; Power supplies; power supplies to apparatus;
                 power supply; pumps; radio; radiotelephony; remote VHF
                 radiotelephone links; rural India; Solar power
                 generation; stand-alone photovoltaic systems; Turning;
                 TV; water pumping; Water resources; water supply",
}

@Article{Makukatin:1994:WAS,
  author =       "S. Makukatin",
  title =        "Water from the {African} sun",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "40--43",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328650",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AC motors; Africa; Contracts; drought prone Sahel
                 region; Gold; Inverters; maintenance; maintenance
                 engineering; Photovoltaic cells; photovoltaic power
                 systems; photovoltaic programs; pumps; Refrigeration;
                 Solar energy; Sun; trained workforce; training; water
                 pumping; Water storage; water supply; wells",
}

@Article{Lysen:1994:PV,
  author =       "E. H. Lysen",
  title =        "Photovolts for villages",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "34--39",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328651",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Biomass; Costs; developing countries; Earth;
                 economics; finance; Petroleum; Photovoltaic cells;
                 photovoltaic power systems; Pressing; Propagation
                 losses; PV systems; Refrigeration; solar photovoltaic
                 electric systems; Solar system; TV",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1994:ATP,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan",
  title =        "Appropriate technologies [photovoltaic power
                 generation]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "32--32",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328652",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Africa; Application software; Appropriate technology;
                 Asia; cost; Costs; Economic indicators; electric
                 energy; electric grids; health; photovoltaic power
                 systems; Photovoltaic systems; photovoltaics; Power
                 engineering and energy; power systems; project
                 engineering; quality of life; remote rural areas; Solar
                 power generation; Telephony; well-being",
}

@Article{Kobetic:1994:ASS,
  author =       "R. Kobetic",
  title =        "Advancing step by step",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "27--31",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328653",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "bioelectric phenomena; biomechanics; Brain injuries;
                 dexterity; Electrical stimulation; electrical
                 stimulation; Electrodes; engineers; handicapped aids;
                 Leg; Legged locomotion; legs; mobility; movement
                 restoration; muscle; Muscles; Neurons; neurophysiology;
                 paralyzed limbs; paralyzed people; patient treatment;
                 physicians; Recruitment; Spinal cord injury;
                 therapists; Wounds",
}

@Article{Adam:1994:TCD,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Technology combats disabilities",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "24--26",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328654",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aids; Auditory system; climbing stairs; Cochlear
                 implants; Computer networks; Deafness; disabilities;
                 disabled people; elderly people; equipment advances;
                 handicapped aids; hearing aids; hearing conversation;
                 Impedance; lifting; mobility enhancement; physically
                 functional limitations; Product design; Rehabilitation
                 robotics; seeing print; sensory faculties; Speech;
                 speech intelligibility; Virtual reality; walking;
                 Wheelchairs",
}

@Article{Bell:1994:ELF,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Engineering layoffs: facts and myths",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "16--25",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328723",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace industry; Cities and towns; Defense
                 industry; employee retraining; employment; Employment;
                 engineering layoffs; Face; human factors; Humans;
                 laid-off engineers; Maintenance engineering; Out of
                 order; personnel; professional aspects; Statistical
                 analysis; technically vital personnel; Unemployment",
}

@Article{Serapio:1994:FRU,
  author =       "M. G. Serapio and D. H. Dalton",
  title =        "Foreign {R\&D} in the {United States}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "26--30",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328724",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "automobile industry; Automobiles; Automotive
                 engineering; automotive industry; Biotechnology;
                 biotechnology; biotechnology industry; Companies;
                 development; direct foreign investment; electronics
                 industry; Europe; European R&D facilities; Industrial
                 electronics; Japanese R&D facilities; Laboratories;
                 R&D; research; Research and development; research and
                 development management; South Korean R&D facilities;
                 Testing; United States; USA; Vehicles",
}

@Article{Riddle:1994:MPT,
  author =       "A. Riddle",
  title =        "Mathematical power tools",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "35--38",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328728",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Acoustical engineering; Computer languages; Costs;
                 Differential equations; Educational institutions;
                 engineering computing; engineering problems; Graphics;
                 Integral equations; math package; Mathematics;
                 mathematics computing; numerical math software;
                 Packaging; Power engineering and energy; software
                 packages; symbolic math software; three-dimensional
                 plotting capabilities; two-dimensional plotting
                 capabilities",
}

@Article{Gallagher:1994:VLR,
  author =       "R. S. Gallagher",
  title =        "Visualization: the look of reality",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "48--55",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328729",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "animation; Animation; Computational modeling; computer
                 animation; Computer graphics; computer graphics;
                 Computer industry; Computer simulation; data
                 visualisation; Data visualization; Displays;
                 distributed processing; distributed visual processing;
                 engineering computing; finite-element analysis;
                 Hardware; mathematical phenomena; Motion analysis;
                 Organisms; software; visualization; volumetric data
                 display",
}

@Article{Kornbluh:1994:ADA,
  author =       "Ken Kornbluh",
  title =        "Active data analysis: advanced software for the '90s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "57--70",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328730",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3-D rendering; active data analysis; Costing; Costs;
                 data analysis; Data analysis; Data engineering; data
                 visualisation; Data visualization; dynamic exploration;
                 Marketing and sales; Moon; Out of order; Packaging;
                 Personal communication networks; rendering (computer
                 graphics); software packages",
}

@Article{Tiwary:1994:BHM,
  author =       "G. Tiwary",
  title =        "Below the half-micron mark",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "84--87",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328731",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "circuit analysis computing; circuit CAD;
                 computer-aided design tools; Design automation;
                 Geometry; high device density; IC design; integrated
                 circuit design; Integrated circuit interconnections;
                 integrated circuit modelling; Integrated circuit
                 technology; Leakage current; low power requirements;
                 power analysis; Random access memory; second order
                 effects modelling; Silicon; Switching circuits;
                 Threshold voltage; timing analysis; Transistors",
}

@Article{Fawcett:1994:TSF,
  author =       "B. K. Fawcett",
  title =        "Tools to speed {FPGA} development",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "88--94",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328732",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "design tools; Electronic design automation and
                 methodology; electronic engineering computing; Field
                 programmable gate arrays; field programmable gate
                 arrays; field-programmable gate arrays; Graphics;
                 instantiation; Libraries; logic arrays; Logic arrays;
                 logic design; Logic design; Logic functions; logic
                 synthesis; optimization capability; Programmable logic
                 arrays; Software tools; System testing; verification
                 capability",
}

@Article{Hoschette:1994:TCY,
  author =       "J. A. Hoschette",
  title =        "Taking charge of your promotion",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "96--99",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.328734",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "career development; Educational institutions;
                 employment; Engineering profession; Fellows; Infrared
                 imaging; on-the-job assignments; Optical imaging;
                 personnel; planning; professional aspects; promotion;
                 Thumb",
}

@Article{Perry:1994:TVM,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Today's view of magnetic fields",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "14--23",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.335811",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Animals; biological effects of fields; Cancer;
                 cancers; Electromagnetic fields; electromagnetic
                 fields; exposure; Frequency; health hazards; health
                 problems; Laboratories; LF EM fields; Magnetic fields;
                 Pediatrics; Power generation economics; Power system
                 economics; Risk analysis; safety",
}

@Article{Dooling:1994:NCS,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Navigating close to shore",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "24--31",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.335813",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Accidents; accuracy; computerised navigation;
                 differential Global Positioning System; Displays;
                 Ecdis; electronic data display information system;
                 engineering graphics; geographic information systems;
                 Global Positioning System; History; marine chart
                 display information system; Marine vehicles;
                 Navigation; navigation system; oceanographic chart;
                 oceanographic techniques; Radar; ship position;
                 Standards organizations; Testing; traffic control;
                 video screen; Wounds",
}

@Article{Stoyenko:1994:DEU,
  author =       "A. D. Stoyenko and P. A. Laplante and R. Harrison and
                 T. J. Marlowe",
  title =        "Doubling the engineer's utility",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "32--39",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.335817",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; CaRT-Spec language; civilian
                 projects; civilian technology; computer systems design;
                 Control systems; Distributed processing; Fault
                 tolerance; Laboratories; Military computing; military
                 computing; military forces; military systems; military
                 technology; Operating systems; Processor scheduling;
                 Real time systems; systems analysis; technology
                 transfer; Weapons",
}

@Article{Hoschette:1994:LGW,
  author =       "J. A. Hoschette",
  title =        "Looking good --- whatever happens [engineering
                 profession]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "42--44",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.335818",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Costs; Disaster management; employment; engineer
                 promotion; engineering profession; Engineering
                 profession; Infrared imaging; Optical imaging;
                 outstanding performance; Permission; personnel;
                 Problem-solving; problem-solving performance;
                 professional aspects; project management; Project
                 management; Shape; Testing; unsuccessful project;
                 upper-management scrutiny",
}

@Article{Lowe:1995:DC,
  author =       "S. J. Lowe",
  title =        "Data communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "26--29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366229",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "backbone protocols; bearer technology; broadband
                 networks; broadband services; Data communication; data
                 communications; fast Ethernet; Infobahn; information
                 superhighway; Internet; LEO satellites; National
                 Information Infrastructure; National security; open
                 systems; OSI; Power industry; Printers; protocols;
                 Protocols; Scheduling; SMDS; Software libraries; Spine;
                 spread spectrum; TCP/IP; Web sites",
}

@Article{Kobb:1995:T,
  author =       "B. Z. Kobb",
  title =        "Telecommunications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--34",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366231",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "cellular radio; digital radio; Erbium-doped fiber
                 amplifier; erbium-doped fibre amplifiers; HDTV; high
                 definition television; Internet; Internet telephony;
                 internetworking; IP networks; mobile satellite
                 communication; mobile voice telephony; multichannel
                 optical fibre networks; Optical fiber amplifiers;
                 Optical fiber applications; Optical fiber
                 communication; Optical fiber networks; optical fibre
                 communication; personal communication networks;
                 satellites; Semiconductor optical amplifiers;
                 unlicensed personal communication systems; Wavelength
                 division multiplexing; wavelength division
                 multiplexing; wireless telephony licences auction",
}

@Article{Geppert:1995:SST,
  author =       "L. Geppert",
  title =        "Solid state [1995 technological forecast]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--39",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366233",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "1 Gbit; 1200 MIPS; Bandwidth; DRAM chips; DRAMs;
                 Economic forecasting; flip chip technology; flip-chip
                 devices; flux soldering elimination; functionality;
                 Graphics; integrated circuit packaging; microprocessor
                 chips; Microprocessors; microprocessors; molecular
                 electronics; monolithic integrated circuits; multimedia
                 market; Out of order; polymer transistors; portability;
                 Power dissipation; soldering; Solid state circuits;
                 solid-state technology; Sun; technological forecast;
                 technological forecasting; Technology forecasting",
}

@Article{Perry:1995:CE,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "Consumer electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "40--43",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366235",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cities and towns; Consumer electronics; consumer
                 electronics; Costs; digital satellite TV; digital
                 television; direct broadcasting by satellite; FCC;
                 Games; HDTV; high definition television; interactive
                 systems; interactive television; microcomputers;
                 notebook computers; Optical fiber cables; personal
                 digital assistants; Reduced instruction set computing;
                 Silicon; Testing; TV",
}

@Article{Juliussen:1995:SC,
  author =       "E. Juliussen",
  title =        "Small computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "44--47",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366237",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "client server systems; Computer economics; consumer
                 electronics; DP industry; economics; electronic mail;
                 entertainment; Internet; microcomputers;
                 Microcomputers; personal computers; PowerPC;
                 publishing; telecommunication; United States;
                 Workstation sales; workstations; Workstations",
}

@Article{Khermouch:1995:LC,
  author =       "G. Khermouch",
  title =        "Large computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--51",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366239",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computer economics; DP industry; economics; Hewlett
                 Packard; IBM mainframes; Intel CISC; mainframe computer
                 industry; mainframe market; mainframes; massively
                 parallel processors; parallel machines; reduced
                 instruction set computing; RISC community; RISC-based
                 SMP systems; Supercomputers; vector supercomputers",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1995:TM,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "Test and measurement",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--55",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366241",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "automatic test equipment; Automatic testing; Circuit
                 faults; Circuit testing; digital oscilloscopes; digital
                 storage oscilloscopes; Fault detection; Hewlett
                 Packard; I/sub DDQ/ testing; Instruments; Integrated
                 circuit testing; Logic testing; measurement technology;
                 pay-per-use testers; Semiconductor device testing;
                 Software testing; System testing; test technology;
                 VXIplug and play Systems Alliance",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1995:PE,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Power and energy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "56--59",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366243",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Books; China; Contracts; DC generators; development;
                 electricity supply industry; Heart; Indonesia;
                 Inductors; Investments; Japan; North Korea; nuclear
                 power; nuclear power stations; Power engineering and
                 energy; Power generation; power plants; Pricing;
                 project engineering; projects; Proposals; USA",
}

@Article{Perry:1995:EER,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "The environment [energy\slash resource conservation]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--61",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366245",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "business strategies; Data engineering; Databases;
                 databases; design engineering; Design engineering;
                 design process; ecology; Electrical engineering;
                 electrical engineering; electronics engineering;
                 electronics industry; energy conservation; energy
                 consumption; environmental concerns; environmental
                 factors; environmentally friendly materials;
                 Government; government legislation; Legislation;
                 Plastics; pollution; power conservation; Power
                 engineering and energy; Process design; Product design;
                 products; R&D; recycled plastics; recycling; sleep
                 modes",
}

@Article{Comerford:1995:SE,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Software engineering",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--65",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366247",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application frameworks; Application software; C++;
                 client server systems; client--server systems;
                 Concurrency control; Document handling; DP industry;
                 Libraries; object oriented languages; object oriented
                 programming; object-oriented programming; Postal
                 services; Printing; programming toolkits; software
                 engineering; Software engineering; software engineering
                 industry; Technology management; visual programming;
                 visual programming languages",
}

@Article{Braham:1995:AS,
  author =       "R. Braham",
  title =        "Application software",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "66--70",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366249",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application software; Application software; Computer
                 interfaces; Data acquisition; data acquisition; Data
                 analysis; DP industry; engineering analysis tools;
                 Equations; Mathematics; mathematics; mathematics
                 application software; mathematics computing;
                 mathematics software packages; Packaging; Software
                 packages; software packages; Software quality;
                 Typesetting; user interfaces; virtual reality",
}

@Article{Dooling:1995:T,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Transportation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "71--75",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366251",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "airports; Airports; automated baggage handling; Boats;
                 Channel Tunnel; floating airport; high-speed railways;
                 Industrial training; International collaboration;
                 Legislation; Marine vehicles; maritime dangers; Motion
                 control; potential collisions; project; project
                 engineering; Propulsion; Rails; railways; Road
                 transportation; technological developments; Texas
                 Supertrain; traffic control; transportation",
}

@Article{Dooling:1995:AM,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Aerospace and military",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--79",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366253",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace industry; Aerospace industry; aircraft;
                 Ariane-5 launch vehicle; Ballistic Missile Defense
                 Organisation; Boeing 777 jetliner; Clementine probe;
                 Corporate acquisitions; Engines; Eurofighter 2000;
                 Europe; H-2 launch vehicle; Martin Marietta/Lockheed
                 merger; military equipment; NASA; Rockets; Space
                 shuttles; Space technology; space vehicles; Testing;
                 Vehicles",
}

@Article{Adam:1995:ME,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Medical electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--83",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366255",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Biomedical imaging; Cadaver; cardiology; Colon; Costs;
                 digital living human; digital simulation; Graphics;
                 heart beats modeling; Humans; laser applications; laser
                 applications in medicine; Laser surgery; lung; Lungs;
                 medical computing; Medical diagnostic imaging; money
                 saving; physiological models; prostate problems;
                 supercomputer model; time saving; virtual lung
                 examinations; virtual reality; Workstations",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1995:IE,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan",
  title =        "Industrial electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "84--86",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.366257",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "32-bit local bus; 64-bit local bus; architectural
                 commonality; Assembly systems; Computer displays;
                 Computer industry; Computer networks; Computer
                 peripherals; computer vision; computerisation; control
                 systems; Control systems; Electrical equipment
                 industry; factory automation; graphics display units;
                 industrial computers; industrial control; Industrial
                 electronics; industrial electronics; local area
                 networks; Machine vision; networking; peripheral
                 component interconnect bus; peripheral interfaces;
                 power semiconductor devices; power semiconductors;
                 Production facilities; small computer systems interface
                 drive controllers; video units; vision systems;
                 wide-bandwidth peripherals",
}

@Article{Zorpette:1995:RAN,
  author =       "Glenn Zorpette",
  title =        "Radio astronomy: new windows on the {Universe}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "18--19",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.343980",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Animation; Antenna arrays; astronomical observatories;
                 Charge carrier processes; Gravity; Heart; instrument;
                 Light scattering; National Radio Astronomy Observatory;
                 New Mexico; NRAO; Observatories; observatory; Optical
                 arrays; Optical scattering; Radio astronomy; radio
                 astronomy; radio interferometry; radioastronomical
                 techniques; radioastronomy; radiotelescope;
                 radiotelescopes; reviews; Socorro; USA; Very Long
                 Baseline Array; VLBA; VLBI",
}

@Article{Hoshen:1995:KTC,
  author =       "J. Hoshen and J. Sennott and M. Winkler",
  title =        "Keeping tabs on criminals [electronic monitoring]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "26--32",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.343982",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Alzheimer's disease; Biomedical monitoring;
                 communications; computerised monitoring; criminals;
                 electronic movements monitoring; Heart; Law; law
                 enforcement; Legal factors; Modems; offenders; Patient
                 monitoring; Personnel; public safety; safety; security;
                 surveillance; telecommunication computing;
                 telecommunication networks; Telephony; tracking;
                 Transmitters",
}

@Article{Deyhimy:1995:GAJ,
  author =       "I. Deyhimy",
  title =        "Gallium arsenide joins the giants",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "33--40",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.343984",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "chip clock rate; Clocks; Costs; DCFL; direct coupled
                 FET logic; electronics industry; Electronics industry;
                 GaAs; Gallium arsenide; gallium arsenide; III-V
                 semiconductors; integrated circuit technology;
                 Integrated circuit technology; integrated circuits;
                 Large scale integration; Manufacturing; manufacturing
                 cost; MESFET circuits; MESFET integrated circuits;
                 microwave amplifiers; MMIC; Optical devices; optical
                 emitters; semiconductor; Silicon; transistors; very
                 high speed integrated circuits; Very large scale
                 integration; very large-scale integration; VLSI",
}

@Article{Boxer:1995:WBC,
  author =       "A. Boxer",
  title =        "Where buses cannot go",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "41--45",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.343986",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "crossbar; crossbar architecture; crosspoint; Data
                 buses; distributed memory systems; Distributed memory
                 systems; distributed memory systems; interconnection
                 architecture; multiprocessing systems; Multiprocessor
                 interconnection; multiprocessor interconnection
                 networks; multiprocessors; switch; system bus; system
                 buses",
}

@Article{Fray:1995:CSF,
  author =       "R. Fray",
  title =        "Compact simulators for fossil-fueled power plants",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "46--51",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.343988",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "compact simulators; Computational modeling; computer
                 simulation; Computer simulation; control systems;
                 Control systems; design; digital simulation; electric
                 utilities; engineering workstations; fossil fuel power
                 plants; Fossil fuels; Hardware; hardware; microcomputer
                 applications; Microcomputers; operators; personal
                 computer; power engineering computing; Power
                 generation; Power industry; Power system modeling;
                 real-time; real-time systems; thermal power stations;
                 training; workstation; workstations; Workstations",
}

@Article{Perry:1995:MGC,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "{M. George Craford} [biography]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "52--55",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.343989",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "academic achievements; Astronomy; Biographies;
                 biographies; biography; career history; Educational
                 institutions; Explosions; inventor; Laboratories; light
                 emitting diodes; Light emitting diodes; M. George
                 Craford; personal details; Physics; Rockets; Space
                 heating; yellow LEDs",
}

@Article{Hoschette:1995:MH,
  author =       "J. A. Hoschette",
  title =        "A mentor in hand",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "56--58",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.343990",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "career success; Chemistry; Dictionaries; Employee
                 welfare; engineering; engineering education;
                 Engineering profession; guidance; human resource
                 management; Leg; management; mentoring; mentors;
                 personnel; personnel management; professional aspects;
                 Testing; training; Watches",
}

@Article{Bell:1995:RS,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Remote sensing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "24--31",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.367967",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "data fusion; Delay; digital images; Earth;
                 high-resolution remote sensing; image enhancement;
                 image processing aspects; image resolution; Infrared
                 detectors; Infrared sensors; Layout; maps; Military
                 satellites; Remote monitoring; Remote sensing; remote
                 sensing; remote-sensing satellites; sensor fusion;
                 Space shuttles; spatial resolution limits; spectral
                 analysis; spectral signatures; Sun; workstations",
}

@Article{Trovato:1995:SAN,
  author =       "S. A. Trovato and J. O. Parry and J. M. Burger",
  title =        "Slowing the aging of nuclear power plants",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "32--36",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.367970",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aging; alkaline permanganate; Can-Derem; chemical
                 decontamination; Chemical industry; Consolidated Edison
                 Company; Control systems; Coolants; Corrosion;
                 Decontamination; fission reactor cooling; Fuels; Indian
                 Point 2 PWR plant; Inductors; maintenance; nuclear
                 power plants aging; nuclear power stations; nuclear
                 reactor maintenance; Power generation;
                 pressurized-water reactor plant; primary coolant
                 system; Radioactive materials; radioactive oxide
                 deposits removal",
}

@Article{Jurgen:1995:EM,
  author =       "R. K. Jurgen",
  title =        "The electronic motorist",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "37--48",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.367971",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "air bag systems; Alarm systems; automated collision
                 alert; automotive electronics; computerised navigation;
                 Driver circuits; engine immobilizers; Engines; fuzzy
                 logic; Fuzzy logic; Humans; infrared imaging;
                 Intelligent transportation systems; intelligent
                 transportation systems; LCD display; liquid crystal
                 displays; Liquid crystal displays; low tyre pressure
                 warning system; Navigation; navigation systems; Night
                 vision; night vision assistance; radio
                 direction-finding; road traffic; Tires; traffic
                 control; vehicle location",
}

@Article{Cressler:1995:RES,
  author =       "J. D. Cressler",
  title =        "Re-engineering silicon: {Si--Ge} heterojunction
                 bipolar technology",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "49--55",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.367973",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "bipolar integrated circuits; Capacitive sensors;
                 Chemical vapor deposition; circuit applications; Cutoff
                 frequency; Ge-Si alloys; Germanium silicon alloys; HBT
                 technologies; heterojunction bipolar transistors;
                 Heterojunctions; high speed chips; Lattices; material
                 growth; material properties; Photonic band gap; ring
                 oscillator; Semiconductor films; semiconductor growth;
                 semiconductor materials; Si-Ge heterojunction bipolar
                 technology; SiGe; Silicon germanium; Transistors;
                 wireless communications",
}

@Article{Adam:1995:WG,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "{Wilson Greatbatch}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "56--61",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.367974",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Acquired immune deficiency syndrome; Biographies;
                 biographies; Buffalo New York; Cardiology; Greatbatch,
                 Wilson; implantable cardiac pacemaker; medical device
                 inventor; pacemakers; Pacemakers; patent holder; Wilson
                 Greatbatch",
}

@Article{Hoschette:1995:HSS,
  author =       "J. A. Hoschette",
  title =        "The in-house springboard to success [company job
                 advertisements, career development]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "62--64",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.367975",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "career development; Career development; company job
                 advertisements; employees; employment; Engineering
                 profession; in-house job advertisements; Job listing
                 service; job listings; job searching; personnel;
                 professional aspects; professional job search firms",
}

@Article{Tremblay:1995:PPD,
  author =       "M. Tremblay and P. Tirumalai",
  title =        "Partners in platform design",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "20--26",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.375994",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Circuits; clock frequencies; Clocks; compiler
                 technology; Computer aided instruction; Computer
                 architecture; Decoding; Frequency; instruction sets;
                 microprocessor chips; multiple instructions; parallel
                 architectures; pipeline processing; Pipelines;
                 pipelines; platform design; processor architecture;
                 program compilers; reduced instruction set computing;
                 reduced-instruction-set computer chips; Registers; Sun;
                 Throughput",
}

@Article{Comerford:1995:CFA,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Coping with a flexible architecture",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "27--32",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.375996",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Apple; Apple computers; Application software; Clocks;
                 Computer architecture; computer architecture; flexible
                 architecture; Hardware; IBM; IBM computers;
                 Microcomputers; microprocessor chips; Motorola;
                 Operating systems; PowerPC; processor architecture;
                 reduced instruction set computing; Reduced instruction
                 set computing; RISC implementation; Roads; Software
                 design; workstation; Workstations",
}

@Article{Perry:1995:HND,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "{HDTV} and the new digital television",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "34--35",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.375997",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "digital communication; digital television; Digital TV;
                 Europe; FCC; HDTV; high definition television;
                 historical aspects; Motion pictures; Prototypes;
                 Satellite broadcasting; special section; System
                 testing; Telephony; TV broadcasting",
}

@Article{Basile:1995:UHS,
  author =       "C. Basile and A. P. Cavallerano and M. S. Deiss and R.
                 Keeler and J. S. Lim and W. C. Luplow and W. H. Paik
                 and E. Petajan and R. Rast and G. Reitmeier and T. R.
                 Smith and C. Todd",
  title =        "The {US HDTV} standard",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "36--45",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.375998",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/datacompression.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "code standards; Communication standards; data
                 compression; digital audio broadcasting; digital data;
                 digital high-definition television; Digital modulation;
                 Digital relays; digital television; Dolby AC-3 digital
                 audio; FCC; Federal Communications Commission; HDTV;
                 HDTV system; high definition television; Image coding;
                 modulation; MPEG-2 video compression; multiple
                 transmission formats; National Information
                 Infrastructure; telecommunication standards; television
                 standards; Transform coding; transport protocol;
                 transport protocols; Transport protocols; TV; US HDTV
                 standard; vestigial sideband digital modulation; video
                 coding; Video compression",
}

@Article{Bell:1995:HTK,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "The {HDTV} `test kitchens'",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "46--49",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.375999",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Acoustic testing; advanced television test center;
                 Automatic testing; FCC; Federal Communications
                 Commission; Floors; Grand Alliance; HDTV; HDTV system;
                 HDTV terrestrial broadcasting; high definition
                 television; high-definition television; Laboratories;
                 Layout; Prototypes; System testing; telecommunication
                 equipment testing; telecommunication standards;
                 television broadcasting; television standards; TV
                 broadcasting; US standard",
}

@Article{Fox:1995:DDE,
  author =       "B. Fox",
  title =        "The digital dawn in {Europe} [{HDTV}]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "50--53",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.376000",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Artificial satellites; compatibility; Costs; digital
                 television; Digital TV; Europe; HD-MAC; HDTV; HDTV
                 system; high definition television; high-definition
                 television; Independent component analysis; multiplexed
                 analog components; PAL standard; PAL system; phase
                 alternation line system; Project EU-95; Radio
                 broadcasting; Satellite broadcasting; telecommunication
                 standards; television sets; television standards; TV
                 broadcasting",
}

@Article{Ninomiya:1995:JSD,
  author =       "Y. Ninomiya",
  title =        "The {Japanese} scene [digital {HDTV}]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "54--57",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.376001",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "8 Hz; analog signals; bandwidth; Bandwidth; bandwidth
                 compression; Broadcast technology; digital audio
                 broadcasting; digital HDTV; digital signal; Digital
                 signal processing; digital sound broadcasting; digital
                 technology; digital television; enhanced-definition
                 television; frequency modulation; Frequency modulation;
                 HDTV; HDTV signal; hierarchical television
                 transmission; high definition television;
                 high-definition television; high-definition TV; image
                 sampling; integrated digital broadcasting; Japan;
                 Layout; MUSE system; Sampling methods; signal
                 processing; Signal processing; sub-Nyquist sampling
                 encoding; television broadcasting; terrestrial system;
                 TV broadcasting; video coding",
}

@Article{Large:1995:CNI,
  author =       "D. Large",
  title =        "Creating a network for interactivity",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "58--63",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.376002",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Bandwidth; bidirectional communication; cable
                 television; Cable TV; cable TV companies; coaxial
                 cables; Coaxial cables; digital television; head-end;
                 hybrid network architecture; instantaneous network
                 bandwidth; interactive network; interactive services;
                 interactive television; network reliability; Optical
                 fiber cables; Optical fiber devices; Optical fiber
                 networks; optical fibers; Optical fibers; optical fibre
                 communication; optical fibre networks; Power cables;
                 security; standards; telecommunication network
                 reliability; telecommunication standards; telephone
                 companies; television standards; Transceivers; Video
                 compression",
}

@Article{Dixit:1995:LVD,
  author =       "S. Dixit",
  title =        "A look at the video dial-tone network",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "64--65",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.376003",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asynchronous transfer mode; Bit rate; broadband
                 intelligent networks; broadband networks;
                 common-carrier transport service; digital
                 communication; digital television; information
                 provider; intelligent networks; interactive menu;
                 interactive systems; interactive television; menu;
                 multimedia communication; Multimedia databases;
                 multimedia services; Multimedia systems; Protocols;
                 Streaming media; Switching circuits; telecommunication
                 services; Telephony; television networks; video
                 applications; Video compression; video dial-tone
                 network; Video on demand",
}

@Article{Natarajan:1995:VST,
  author =       "K. Natarajan",
  title =        "Video servers take root",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "66--69",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.376004",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/datacompression.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asynchronous transfer mode; Bandwidth; Consumer
                 electronics; data compression; digital communication;
                 digital television; Economic forecasting; Games;
                 interactive network; interactive television;
                 interactive television systems; interactive video;
                 Motion pictures; Multimedia systems; Network servers;
                 processors; standards; telecommunication standards;
                 television equipment; TV; video coding; Video
                 compression; video compression; video equipment; video
                 server architectures; video servers",
}

@Article{Ciciora:1995:IST,
  author =       "W. S. Ciciora",
  title =        "Inside the set-top box",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "70--75",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.376005",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cable shielding; Cable TV; capability; Delay; digital
                 communication; digital television; Frequency
                 conversion; interactive electronics; interactive
                 hookups; interactive systems; interactive television;
                 Interference; set-top box; television equipment;
                 television receiver; Transmitters; Tuners; tuning;
                 tuning deficiency; TV broadcasting; TV receiver; VCR;
                 video equipment; Video recording; video tape
                 recorders",
}

@Article{Hamalainen:1995:VRG,
  author =       "J. Hamalainen",
  title =        "Video recording goes digital",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "76--79",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.376006",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/datacompression.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Broadcast technology; Computer aided manufacturing;
                 Costs; data compression; digital communication; Digital
                 magnetic recording; digital processes; Digital
                 recording; digital television; Digital video
                 broadcasting; disk storage; Games; HDTV; high
                 definition television; Standards development; video
                 coding; Video compression; video discs; video
                 recording; Video recording; video tape recorders",
}

@Article{House:1995:CRS,
  author =       "R. House",
  title =        "Choosing the right software for data acquisition",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "24--26",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.381875",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "binary code; Binary codes; counter control; Counting
                 circuits; data acquisition; Data acquisition; data
                 acquisition software; digital levels; direct memory
                 access; external DAQ boxes; gain per channel; graphical
                 programming; Instruments; Multitasking; multitasking;
                 Packaging; plug-in data acquisition boards; Process
                 control; process monitoring; Sampling methods; sampling
                 order; sampling rate; Software packages; software
                 packages; software reviews; software selection; timer
                 control; Timing; virtual instrumentation",
}

@Article{Geppert:1995:USN,
  author =       "L. Geppert",
  title =        "The uphill struggle: no rose garden for women in
                 engineering",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "40--50",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.381876",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asia; Books; Cities and towns; discouraging factors;
                 engineering; engineering careers; Engineering
                 profession; Environment, Health and Safety Committee;
                 Europe; family matters; gender bias; gender issues;
                 harassment; Power engineering and energy; Power
                 systems; professional aspects; Samarium; Silicon; women
                 engineers",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1995:SBB,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "The search for better batteries",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "51--56",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.381877",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Batteries; cadmium; Electronic equipment; Electronic
                 equipment manufacture; electronic systems power
                 supplies; Equations; hydrogen; Li; Li-ion batteries;
                 lithium; Lithium compounds; lithium-ion batteries;
                 lithium-solid polymer electrolyte batteries; Moore's
                 Law; Ni-Cd; Ni-Cd batteries; Ni-MH batteries; Nickel;
                 nickel; nickel-cadmium batteries; nickel-metal hydride
                 batteries; Portable computers; power supplies to
                 apparatus; rechargeable batteries; rocking chair
                 batteries; secondary cells; solid electrolytes;
                 Telephony; Voltage; zinc; zinc-air batteries; Zn-air
                 batteries; Zn-O",
}

@Article{Lewis:1995:SGW,
  author =       "M. A. Lewis",
  title =        "Sleuthing out gravitational waves",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "57--61",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.381878",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "carrier frequency; Detectors; Doppler measurement;
                 Doppler shift; Doppler shift monitoring; exploding
                 black holes; Frequency; gravitational wave detectors;
                 gravitational waves detection; Instruments;
                 Interferometry; interplanetary spacecraft; laser
                 interferometry; Laser Interferometry Gravitational-wave
                 Observatory; light interferometry; LIGO; Monitoring;
                 neutron stars; Neutrons; nonelectric sensing devices;
                 Observatories; Resonance; resonant bar detector;
                 sensitivity; Space vehicles; supernovae",
}

@Article{Werner:1995:UDI,
  author =       "K. Werner",
  title =        "{US} display industry on the edge",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "62--69",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.381879",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Business; Companies; Computer aided manufacturing;
                 Computer displays; Consumer electronics; Defense
                 industry; Electroluminescent devices; electronics
                 industry; Europe; flat panel displays; flat-panel
                 display; Japan; Korea; Liquid crystal displays;
                 manufacturing ability; Manufacturing industries;
                 Production facilities; Taiwan; US display industry",
}

@Article{Frankel:1995:IRM,
  author =       "D. Frankel",
  title =        "{ISDN} reaches the market",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "20--25",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.387134",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "applications; Audio systems; availability; bandwidth;
                 Cameras; Compression algorithms; costing; Costs;
                 economics; equipment; integrated services digital
                 network; ISDN; market; Modems; prices; Pricing;
                 Teleconferencing; telephone carriers; Telephony;
                 Workstations",
}

@Article{Pettersson:1995:ICC,
  author =       "G. Pettersson",
  title =        "{ISDN}: from custom to commodity service",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "26--31",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.387135",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "all-digital telephony service; Bars; Business;
                 commodity service applications; Demultiplexing;
                 economics; geographical coverage; Heart; integrated
                 services digital network; Internetworking; Investments;
                 ISDN; mass-market deployment; Multiplexing equipment;
                 Switches; tariffs; Telephony",
}

@Article{Perry:1995:LZF,
  author =       "Tekla S. Perry",
  title =        "{Lotfi A. Zadeh} [fuzzy logic inventor biography]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "32--35",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.387136",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Antenna theory; applications; Biographies;
                 biographies; biography; Cities and towns; Electrical
                 engineering; Engineering profession; Fuzzy logic; fuzzy
                 logic; Helical antennas; Kalman filters; Lotfi A.
                 Zadeh; Mathematics; Medals",
}

@Article{Hingorani:1995:ICP,
  author =       "N. G. Hingorani",
  title =        "Introducing custom power",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "41--48",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.387140",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Circuit faults; Control systems; custom power;
                 customer; distribution networks; distribution systems;
                 electric utilities; electricity supply; electricity
                 supply industry; Flexible AC transmission systems;
                 harmonics; industrial parks; industrial power systems;
                 Integrated circuit interconnections; interruptions;
                 Load flow; power electronic controllers; Power
                 generation; power supply quality; power system
                 harmonics; Power system interconnection; Power system
                 reliability; power system reliability; Power system
                 restoration; quality; reliability; value-added power;
                 variation; Voltage",
}

@Article{Asthana:1995:JTC,
  author =       "P. Asthana",
  title =        "Jumping the technology {S}-curve",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "49--54",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.387142",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Books; business; Cities and towns; commercial product
                 environment; Companies; company strategists; decision
                 making; Fluorescent lamps; Hair; Heart; Legged
                 locomotion; management; mathematical models;
                 optimisation; Pearl function; population growth;
                 product development; product substitution;
                 Productivity; R&D; research and development management;
                 s-curve; Shape; technical productivity; technological
                 progress; Technology management; technology
                 substitution",
}

@Article{Passino:1995:ICA,
  author =       "K. M. Passino",
  title =        "Intelligent control for autonomous systems",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "55--62",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.387144",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "autonomous systems; Biological control systems;
                 computing technology; control algorithms; control
                 system design; Control systems; conventional control
                 methods; digital control; fuzzy control; fuzzy learning
                 control; fuzzy supervisory control; Fuzzy systems;
                 genetic algorithms; Humans; intelligent biological
                 systems; intelligent control; Intelligent control;
                 intelligent control; knowledge-based control; learning
                 systems; mobile robots; neural networks;
                 neurocontrollers; Nonlinear control systems; Optimal
                 control; optimal control; Process control; Remotely
                 operated vehicles; Robot kinematics",
}

@Article{Dooling:1995:SWS,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Stormy weather in space",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "64--72",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.387145",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "artificial satellites; atmospheric techniques; Earth;
                 electricity transmission system; geomagnetic storm;
                 Geomagnetism; hostile environment; Ionosphere;
                 ionosphere; ionospheric disturbances; magnetic storm;
                 Magnetosphere; magnetosphere; National Space Weather
                 Program; prediction; satellite; Satellites; solar wind;
                 space; Space exploration; space vehicles; Space
                 vehicles; spacecraft; stormy weather forecasting; Sun;
                 US Federal interagency committee; Weather forecasting;
                 Wind forecasting",
}

@Article{Wouk:1995:HTN,
  author =       "V. Wouk",
  title =        "Hybrids: then and now",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "16--21",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.392796",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Acceleration; automobiles; Automobiles; Batteries;
                 battery charging; downsized engine; electric
                 propulsion; electric vehicles; generator; Heat engines;
                 hybrid electric vehicles; Hybrid electric vehicles;
                 Ice; Internal combustion engines; internal combustion
                 engines; parallel hybrid electric vehicles; propulsion
                 power; Road vehicles; serial hybrid electric vehicles;
                 Testing; Thermal pollution",
}

@Article{Bates:1995:GFH,
  author =       "B. Bates",
  title =        "Getting a {Ford HEV} on the road",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "22--25",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.392799",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "30 kW; 50 kW; 68 hp; 7 kWh; Automated highways;
                 automatic transmission; automobiles; Battery powered
                 vehicles; Cities and towns; Couplings; efficiency
                 improvement; electric drive; electric drives; electric
                 propulsion; Engines; Escort station wagon; Ford; hybrid
                 electric vehicle; Hybrid electric vehicles; internal
                 combustion engines; Ni-Cd; Ni-Cd battery;
                 nickel-cadmium battery; Prototypes; regenerative
                 energy; Road vehicles; secondary cells; Testing;
                 three-cylinder engine; Vehicle driving",
}

@Article{King:1995:HET,
  author =       "R. D. King and K. B. Haefner and L. Salasoo and R. A.
                 Koegl",
  title =        "Hybrid electric transit bus pollutes less, conserves
                 fuel",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "26--31",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.392800",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AC motor drives; alternator; Alternators; Batteries;
                 battery assisted auxiliary power unit; diesel-powered
                 vehicle; downsized heat engine; electric propulsion;
                 electric vehicles; fuel conservation; Fuels; Heat
                 engines; hybrid electric transit bus; independent AC
                 drives; internal combustion engines; low-floor bus
                 prototype; Pollution; Propulsion; propulsion system;
                 Prototypes; road vehicles; Testing; tests; Vehicles;
                 Wheels",
}

@Article{Baliga:1995:PIS,
  author =       "B. J. Baliga",
  title =        "Power {ICs} in the saddle",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "34--40",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.392802",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Analog circuits; CMOS analog integrated circuits; CMOS
                 logic circuits; CMOS technology; energy control;
                 Feedback circuits; insulated gate bipolar transistors;
                 insulated gate transistors; Load flow; microprocessors;
                 MOS controlled thyristors; MOS-controlled thyristors;
                 MOSFET; power bipolar transistors; power control; power
                 electronics devices; power IC; power integrated
                 circuits; Power integrated circuits; power MOSFET;
                 Protection; protection; SiC based devices; switching
                 capabilities improvement; Temperature; Very large scale
                 integration",
}

@Article{Braham:1995:DBC,
  author =       "R. Braham",
  title =        "The digital backlot [cinema special effects]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "51--63",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.392805",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Art; Bandwidth; cinema; cinematography; Computer
                 graphics; computer graphics; craftsmanship; digital
                 processing; filmmaking; graphics technology; Hardware;
                 Hollywood; image processing; innovation; Leg; Motion
                 pictures; Mouth; special effects; state-of-the-art;
                 Subspace constraints; Torso; Writing",
}

@Article{Zachary:1995:VBB,
  author =       "G. P. Zachary",
  title =        "{Vannevar Bush} [biography]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "65--69",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.392806",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "biographies; Biographies; biography; career;
                 engineering; Engineering profession; Fellows; life;
                 politics; public affairs; science; technology; USA;
                 Vannevar Bush",
}

@Article{Bell:1995:EST,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "Electronics and the stars [telescope control]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "16--24",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.402159",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "adaptive optics; Aerospace electronics; Apertures;
                 astronomical telescopes; astronomy computing;
                 computerised instrumentation; designs; detection;
                 digital control; full aperture tilt; Glass; laser
                 beacons; Mirrors; Optical control; Optical design;
                 Optical films; Optical interferometry; real-time
                 control; real-time systems; remotely controlled
                 telescopes; segmented mirrors; Shape control; stars;
                 Telescopes; telescopes; WIYN telescope",
}

@Article{Asthana:1995:SOS,
  author =       "P. Asthana and B. Finkelstein",
  title =        "Superdense optical storage",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "25--31",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.402161",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "CD-ROM; CD-ROMs; commercial success; development;
                 Dielectric substrates; Drives; Electron optics;
                 electron trapping; high-density rewritable disks;
                 Holographic optical components; Holography; Optical
                 films; Optical polymers; optical storage; optical tape;
                 Read only memory; Space technology; superdense optical
                 storage; technology status; volume holographic
                 storage",
}

@Article{Lubell:1995:GSH,
  author =       "P. D. Lubell",
  title =        "The gathering storm in high-density compact disks",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "32--37",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.402163",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "audio discs; audio systems; CD recording; CD-ROMs;
                 competition; designs; Games; HDTV; high-density compact
                 disks; Laser beams; Marketing and sales; Motion
                 pictures; performance; Sony/Philips; Storms;
                 Toshiba/Time Warner; Tracking; TV; video discs",
}

@Article{Byrd:1995:MPA,
  author =       "G. T. Byrd and M. A. Holliday",
  title =        "Multithreaded processor architectures",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "38--46",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.402166",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/multithreading.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Computer architecture; computer
                 architecture; Delay; Hardware; High performance
                 computing; idle cycles; instruction streams; Job shop
                 scheduling; Large-scale systems; latency;
                 microprocessor chips; multiple concurrent execution
                 streams; multiprogramming; multithreaded processor
                 architectures; performance; Registers; single
                 processor; Supercomputers; time-consuming operation",
}

@Article{Adam:1995:UI,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Upgrading the {Internet}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "24--29",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.406459",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Africa; Assembly; Computer networks; Continents; Eyes;
                 global information infrastructure; home connection;
                 information superhighway; Internet; Internet upgrade;
                 network security; next generation protocols; Protocols;
                 protocols; security of data; TCPIP; Web sites",
}

@Article{Sweet:1995:GCF,
  author =       "W. Sweet",
  title =        "The glass cockpit [flight deck automation]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "30--38",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.406460",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace electronics; aircraft control; Automatic
                 testing; Computer aided instruction; Computer aided
                 manufacturing; Computer crashes; Computer displays;
                 computerised systems; Design automation; FAA; flight
                 deck automation; Glass; glass cockpit; highly automated
                 cockpits; human factors; pilot errors; Time sharing
                 computer systems",
}

@Article{Geppert:1995:ERE,
  author =       "L. Geppert",
  title =        "Educating the renaissance engineer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "39--43",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.406462",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "America; Communication industry; communication skills;
                 computing skills; Design engineering; educational
                 courses; Educational institutions; Electrical
                 engineering; engineering curricula; engineering
                 education; Engineering management; Europe; Human
                 resource management; industry requirements; Knowledge
                 engineering; Physics; Power engineering and energy",
}

@Article{Masi:1995:REE,
  author =       "C. G. Masi",
  title =        "Re-engineering engineering education",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "44--47",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.406465",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Bridge circuits; Buildings; colleges; Construction
                 industry; Design engineering; Educational institutions;
                 Electrical engineering computing; engineering
                 education; Engineering education; engineering
                 graduates; Engineering students; faculty workshops;
                 industries; industry; laboratory instruments;
                 laboratory procedures; laboratory techniques;
                 Manufacturing industries; practical engineering skills;
                 Speech; sponsorships; student experiments; student
                 projects; technology seminars; training; universities",
}

@Article{Bell:1995:USTa,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "{US} science and technology museums --- {I}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "50--71",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.406466",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aging; children; Educational institutions;
                 engineering; Engineering drawings; engineers; Gold;
                 humanities; IEEE news; Mirrors; Motion pictures;
                 parents; Rockets; science museums; survey; technology
                 museums; Testing; Timing; USA",
}

@Article{Robison:1995:TTK,
  author =       "R. Robison",
  title =        "The twin towers of {Kuala Lumpur}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "44--47",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.464292",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "air conditioning; automatic controls; building
                 management systems; Buildings; chilled water; Cities
                 and towns; commercial real-estate development;
                 communications systems; Companies; Control systems;
                 Fuel economy; Heart; intelligent buildings; intelligent
                 control; Kuala Lumpur City Centre; landscaped park;
                 Lighting control; Malaysia; natural gas; Petroleum;
                 Poles and towers; Space heating; telecommunication",
}

@Article{Bell:1995:USTb,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell",
  title =        "{US} science and technology museums --- {II}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "48--71",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.464293",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Acoustic noise; Acoustical engineering; children's
                 viewpoints; Clothing industry; Ear; Earth; engineering
                 education; Games; history; IEEE members; parents'
                 viewpoints; Physics; Positron emission tomography;
                 Recycling; US science and technology museums; US
                 technical museums",
}

@Article{Horne:1995:NWN,
  author =       "W. D. Horne and R. M. Taylor",
  title =        "New waves for new systems [radio frequency spectrum
                 allocation]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "72--77",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.464294",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Artificial satellites; Conference management;
                 Electromagnetic spectrum; electromagnetic spectrum
                 allocations; frequency allocation; frequency spectrum
                 allocation; International Telecommunication Union;
                 Mobile communication; mobile communication services;
                 mobile satellite communication; Radio frequency; radio
                 services; Radio spectrum management; Satellite
                 broadcasting; satellite systems; Scheduling; spectrum
                 management; Telecommunications; telecommunications",
}

@Article{Norris:1995:BSW,
  author =       "G. Norris",
  title =        "{Boeing}'s seventh wonder",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "20--23",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.464305",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "230000 kg; advanced avionics; aerospace computing;
                 Aerospace control; Aerospace electronics; aerospace
                 engines; aerospace propulsion; aircraft; aircraft
                 control; Aircraft manufacture; Aircraft propulsion;
                 avionics; Boeing 777; Cables; CAD; Clouds; commercial
                 aircraft; computer design; Electrons; fly-by-wire
                 controls; International Space Station; Jet engines; jet
                 engines; Tail; twin-engine aircraft; USA",
}

@Article{Denniston:1995:GNF,
  author =       "F. J. Denniston and P. K. Runge",
  title =        "The glass necklace [{FLAG} submarine fibre-optic
                 link]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "24--27",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.464306",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "27300 km; 5.3 Gbit/s; Assembly systems; Earth; FLAG;
                 Glass; Japan; Marine technology; Oceans; optical
                 cables; Optical fiber cables; Optical fiber
                 communication; project engineering; Spine; submarine
                 cables; submarine fibre-optic link; third-generation
                 transoceanic optic fibre cable; UK; undersea lightwave
                 communications system; undersea optical-fiber cable;
                 Underwater cables; Underwater vehicles",
}

@Article{Dooling:1995:ROB,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Research outpost beyond the sky [{International Space
                 Station}]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "28--33",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.464307",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "10 y; assembly; construction; Costs; Employment;
                 Hardware; Humans; International Space Station; launch;
                 Moon; Motion pictures; NASA; operation; photovoltaic
                 power systems; project engineering; research; solar
                 power system; space project; Space shuttles; space
                 vehicle power plants; space vehicles; Tiles",
}

@Article{Stone:1995:BAH,
  author =       "B. Stone",
  title =        "Between the {Alps} and a hard place [rail network
                 modernisation]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "34--39",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.464308",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "15 y; 57 km; Alpine foothills; Alps; Bahn 2000;
                 Europe; freight; Geology; Geometry; Gotthard Tunnel;
                 Gravity; maintenance engineering; Manufacturing
                 industries; modernisation; mountain lines; New Alpine
                 Transversal; project engineering; projects; rail
                 network; rail traffic; Rail transportation; railway
                 system; railways; Road transportation; Satellites;
                 Switzerland; Telecommunication traffic; Textile
                 industry",
}

@Article{Mecham:1995:STS,
  author =       "M. Mecham",
  title =        "To the skies through the sea [{Hong Kong} airport
                 project]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "40--43",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.464309",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "air traffic control; Air traffic control; Airports;
                 airports; Buildings; Chek Lap Kok airport; Computer
                 networks; Costs; Government; Hong Kong; international
                 airport; passengers; project; project engineering;
                 runway; Safety; service facilities; Technological
                 innovation; terminal; Textile industry; tourism;
                 utilities",
}

@Article{Jayadev:1995:HW,
  author =       "J. Jayadev",
  title =        "Harnessing the wind",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "78--83",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.469326",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Costs; developing countries; economic benefits;
                 economics; Energy consumption; Energy resources; Feeds;
                 Indonesia; Mexico; Pollution; pollution-free
                 electricity; Power generation; power grid; Renewable
                 energy resources; renewable-energy source; Shape; Wind
                 energy; wind power; Wind turbines",
}

@Article{Lucas:1995:FGR,
  author =       "H. C. Lucas and H. Levecq and R. Kraut and L.
                 Streeter",
  title =        "{France}'s grass roots data net",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "71--77",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.469327",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "business; Business communication; Companies; data
                 communication; data net; Databases; Europe; Fabrics;
                 France; information highway network; information
                 networks; Internet telephony; internetworking; IP
                 networks; Microcomputers; Minitel; network addresses;
                 Road transportation; Telecommunications; toll free
                 service; viewdata",
}

@Article{Pickover:1995:EIR,
  author =       "C. A. Pickover",
  title =        "Exploring infinite realms",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "58--60",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.469329",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "chaos; chaotic dynamical systems; computer graphics;
                 Computer graphics; data visualisation; Data
                 visualization; Fabrics; Fractals; H infinity control;
                 Humans; Image edge detection; infinite realms;
                 mathematics; Mathematics; mathematics computing;
                 mathematics data; Rendering (computer graphics);
                 scientific computing; TV; visualization",
}

@Article{Gershon:1995:VNT,
  author =       "N. Gershon and S. G. Eick",
  title =        "Visualization's new tack: making sense of
                 information",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "38--40",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.469330",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "abstract data types; abstract hierarchies; abstract
                 networks; abstract relationships; Biomedical imaging;
                 Broadcasting; Cameras; Computer displays; Data
                 engineering; data visualisation; Data visualization;
                 data visualization; design; engineering graphics;
                 Floods; Information technology; Internet; Motion
                 pictures; nonnumeric information; Read only memory;
                 scientific data; text; visualization tools; World Wide
                 Web",
}

@Article{Braham:1995:MVN,
  author =       "R. Braham",
  title =        "Math and visualization: new tools, new frontiers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "19--28",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.469331",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "analytical tool; Computer graphics; computer
                 visualization; conceptualization; Crops; data
                 visualisation; Data visualization; Electronic catalog;
                 Geometry; graphical techniques; History; mathematics;
                 Mathematics; mathematics computing; numeric data; Skin;
                 visual imagery",
}

%%% Volume 32 number 12 is missing from IEEE journal Web site, but
%%% entries for it have been created from data in the Web of Science
%%% database.  That source lacks DOIs and ending page numbers, and
%%% uppercases author and title data, so suitable repairs have been
%%% applied.
@Article{Bisat:1995:BE,
  author =       "M. T. Bisat",
  title =        "A Broad Education",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700003",
}

@Article{Buc:1995:BE,
  author =       "S. M. Buc",
  title =        "A Broad Education",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700002",
}

@Article{Duane:1995:BE,
  author =       "M. Duane",
  title =        "A Broad Education",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700001",
}

@Article{Hull:1995:TA,
  author =       "S. Hull",
  title =        "Technology for All",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700004",
}

@Article{Brody:1995:TA,
  author =       "G. Brody",
  title =        "Technology for All",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700007",
}

@Article{Fineman:1995:TA,
  author =       "J. J. Fineman",
  title =        "Technology for All",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700005",
}

@Article{Locke:1995:TA,
  author =       "T. Locke",
  title =        "Technology for All",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700006",
}

@Article{Rivera:1995:TA,
  author =       "C. Rivera",
  title =        "Technology for All",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700008",
}

@Article{Sawyer:1995:BC,
  author =       "P. B. Sawyer",
  title =        "Basic Chemistry",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700010",
}

@Article{Shapiro:1995:TA,
  author =       "D. Shapiro",
  title =        "Technology for All",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700009",
}

@Article{Oberg:1995:RSP,
  author =       "J. Oberg",
  title =        "{Russia} Space Program",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "18--35",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.477446",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700011",
}

@Article{Geppert:1995:CC,
  author =       "L. Geppert",
  title =        "Chipmaking in {China}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "36--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.477448",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700012",
}

@Article{Adam:1995:PPD,
  author =       "J. A. Adam and L. J. Hoffman and S. Perrin and M.
                 Rotenberg and M. Stansellgamm and R. N. Veeder and W.
                 H. Ware",
  title =        "The Privacy Problem --- Discussion",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "46--52",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1995.477449",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700013",
}

@Article{Foster:1995:PE,
  author =       "Kenneth R. Foster",
  title =        "Polished Electromagnetics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "58--59",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700015",
}

@Article{Mirotznik:1995:HCG,
  author =       "Mark Mirotznik",
  title =        "How to Chart and Graph like a Pro",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "58--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1995.477451",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700014",
}

@Article{Comerford:1995:CTC,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "{Cornell Theory Center}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "64--??",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1995.477453",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 09:10:43 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  unique-id =    "ISI:A1995TH23700016",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:ISFa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{{\booktitle{IEEE Spectrum}}} --- Front cover",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "c1--c1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.7890913",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:TCa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Table of contents",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--4",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.7890914",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:Na,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Newslog",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476714",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:Fa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Forum",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--8",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476715",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Martin:1996:TTD,
  author =       "C. D. Martin",
  title =        "Three Takes on the Digital Age,Book Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "10--116T2",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476716",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Bandwidth; Book reviews; Computer science education;
                 Government; Internet; Marine vehicles; Petroleum;
                 Silicon; Software libraries; Switches",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:Ca,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Calendar",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "14--118E4",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476717",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Lucky:1996:LWT,
  author =       "R. W. Lucky",
  title =        "Have laptop, will travel [Reflections]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "21--21",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476718",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Airports; Belts; Business communication; Electronic
                 mail; Mobile handsets; Particle scattering; Portable
                 computers; Roads; Sleep",
}

@Article{Morgan:1996:SDU,
  author =       "M. G. Morgan and R. M. White",
  title =        "Speakout, Dismantling the {U.S.} Technology
                 Infrastructure",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "22--24",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476719",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Collaborative software; Computer industry; Government;
                 Industrial control; Investments; NIST; Pressure
                 control; Size control; Standards development;
                 Technological innovation",
}

@Article{Comerford:1996:T,
  author =       "Richard Comerford and L. Geppert",
  title =        "Technology 1996",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "27--29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476720",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Circuit testing; Communications
                 technology; Consumer products; HDTV; Internet
                 telephony; Personal communication networks; Software
                 tools; TV broadcasting; Wires",
}

@Article{Bell:1996:C,
  author =       "Trudy E. Bell and J. A. Adam and S. J. Lowe",
  title =        "Communications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--41",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476721",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "cable television; Cable TV; carrier transmission on
                 power lines; Communication cables; Communication system
                 security; communications; Internet; Internet access;
                 Internet protocol; IP networks; ISDN; multimedia;
                 multimedia communication; network security; Next
                 generation networking; phone lines; power line carrier
                 transmission; security of data; telephony; TV cables;
                 TV signals transmission; virtual LAN; Web and internet
                 services; Wireless application protocol; Wireless LAN;
                 wireless LAN; Wireless networks; wireless networks;
                 wireless telephony",
}

@Article{Lenstra:1996:VNS,
  author =       "A. K. Lenstra",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Network Security --- Elusive, Essential",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "32--33",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476722",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cryptography1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Circuits; Computer security; Cryptography; Data
                 communication; Frame relay; IP networks; Optical packet
                 switching; Optical receivers; Routing protocols;
                 Telecommunication traffic",
}

@Article{Partridge:1996:VSA,
  author =       "C. Partridge",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Staying Ahead of the Elephants",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--37",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476723",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Asynchronous transfer mode; Frequency; GSM; Internet
                 telephony; Modems; Multiaccess communication;
                 Packaging; Personal communication networks; Software
                 packages; Time division multiple access",
}

@Article{Comerford:1996:CTD,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "Computers [trends\slash developments]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "42--45",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476724",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "computing; flat panel displays; Flat panel displays;
                 flat-panel display technologies; Graphical user
                 interfaces; graphical user interfaces; optical disc
                 storage; Optical memories; personal workstations;
                 storage system technologies; Unix; Windows; Windows NT;
                 workstations; Workstations",
}

@Article{Wallach:1996:VWE,
  author =       "S. J. Wallach",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Windows Everywhere?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "44--45",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476725",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computer displays; Computer peripherals; Computer
                 vision; Large screen displays; Liquid crystal displays;
                 Marketing and sales; Optical computing; Optical
                 recording; Plasma displays; Portable computers",
}

@Article{Braham:1996:CE,
  author =       "R. Braham",
  title =        "Consumer electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "46--50",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476726",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cable TV; compression chip-sets; connectivity;
                 consumer electronics; Consumer electronics; consumer
                 electronics; digital camcorders; digital satellite
                 broadcasting; digital television; Digital video
                 broadcasting; digital video zooms; direct broadcasting
                 by satellite; HDTV; high definition television;
                 information devices; Manufacturing; multimedia;
                 Multimedia systems; Power industry; Satellite
                 broadcasting; Telecommunication computing; terrestrial
                 digital broadcast; Video equipment; video signal
                 processing",
}

@Article{Blineau:1996:VDR,
  author =       "J. Blineau",
  title =        "Viewpoint: The Digital Revolution is Complete",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--49",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476727",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cities and towns; Consumer electronics",
}

@Article{Geppert:1996:SST,
  author =       "L. Geppert",
  title =        "Solid state [Trends\slash developments]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "51--55",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476728",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Actuators; cellular phone; Cellular phones; computer;
                 Coupling circuits; DRAM; Electronics industry; Energy
                 management; environmental factors; Environmental
                 management; graphics; integrated circuit
                 interconnections; integrated circuit manufacture;
                 integrated circuits; interconnect technology; main
                 memory; microelectromechanical actuator; multimedia
                 engines; multimedia systems; on-board microprocessors;
                 optical IC production techniques; power management;
                 Semiconductor Industry Association; Silicon; Solid
                 state circuits; solid-state camera; System-on-a-chip;
                 system-on-a-chip; Transistors",
}

@Article{Heyns:1996:VHC,
  author =       "M. Heyns and G. DeClerk",
  title =        "Viewpoint: How Clean is `Clean Enough'?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--53",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476729",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Central Processing Unit; Clocks; Costs; Electronics
                 industry; Microprocessors; Multimedia systems; Plugs;
                 Productivity; Standards development; System-on-a-chip",
}

@Article{Trlica:1996:SA,
  author =       "C. Trlica",
  title =        "Software applications",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "56--59",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476730",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Accel; Altium; Application software; Arcsys; CAE
                 software; Companies; computer aided engineering;
                 Computer graphics; computer languages; computer-aided
                 engineering software; Corporate acquisitions;
                 electronic design automation; Electronic design
                 automation and methodology; Engineering management;
                 formal verification; graphical user interfaces; high
                 level languages; high-level system design; Integrated
                 Silicon Systems; interoperability; Massteck; Mentor
                 Graphics; Microtec Research; open systems; operating
                 systems (computers); OrCAD; P-CAD business; Power
                 engineering and energy; Power engineering computing;
                 Power system management; powerful PC; program
                 verification; Silicon; software applications; Windows
                 operating systems",
}

@Article{Yoffa:1996:VMT,
  author =       "E. J. Yoffa",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Methodology, Not Tools, is the Key to
                 Winning the Design Race",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "58--58",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476731",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Design automation; Design methodology; Formal
                 verification; Integrated circuits",
}

@Article{Hines:1996:SE,
  author =       "J. R. Hines",
  title =        "Software engineering",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--64",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476732",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "application program interfaces; Application software;
                 applications; Computer industry; Electrical equipment
                 industry; functions accessing; graphical user
                 interfaces; Industrial control; Messaging API;
                 Microsoft; Object Linking and Embedding; OLE; operating
                 systems; Operating systems; Software engineering;
                 software engineering; Software libraries; Software
                 standards; Standards organizations; utility programs;
                 Win32; Windows 95; Windows NT; Writing; writing
                 function calls",
}

@Article{Moskun:1996:VIS,
  author =       "J. Moskun",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Improving Software Quality Requires a
                 `Check Early, Check Often' Approach",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "63--63",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476733",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Application software; Computer architecture; Costs;
                 Documentation; HTML; Internet; Markup languages; SGML;
                 Software quality; Web sites",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1996:TM,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "Tests and measurement",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--69",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476734",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "built-in self test; circuit measurement; circuit
                 testing; Circuit testing; Computer industry; dense
                 boards; dense wafers; design for testability; DFT;
                 integrated circuit measurement; Integrated circuit
                 measurements; Integrated circuit technology; integrated
                 circuit testing; Integrated circuit testing; Marketing
                 and sales; program testing; Semiconductor device
                 testing; Software measurement; Software testing;
                 software testing; System testing; system-level test
                 bus; test equipment; testability strategy",
}

@Article{Hawkins:1996:VDY,
  author =       "Charles F. Hawkins and Jerry M. Soden",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Dealing With Yield Losses in {I$_{DDQ}$}
                 Testing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "68--69",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476735",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Automatic test pattern generation; Automatic testing;
                 Capacitance; Capacitors; Costs; Fixtures; Lead;
                 Polarization; Probes; Software testing",
}

@Article{Sweet:1996:PE,
  author =       "W. Sweet",
  title =        "Power and energy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--75",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476736",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerosols; air emissions control; air pollution; air
                 pollution control; Atmospheric modeling; atmospheric
                 scientists; Carbon dioxide; climatology; combined-cycle
                 power plants; computer models; Cooling; Earth; ecology;
                 electric power generation; electric power sector;
                 electricity supply industry; energy resources; Gas
                 industry; global warming; Global warming; Ocean
                 temperature; power generation; power supply; Predictive
                 models; renewable energy; technical development;
                 technical gains; Temperature sensors",
}

@Article{Yeager:1996:VCV,
  author =       "K. E. Yeager",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Count the Value of {R\&D}, Not Just its
                 Cost",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--75",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476737",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Costs; Energy management; Fusion reactors; Inductors;
                 Manufacturing; Research and development; Research and
                 development management; Software development
                 management; Technology management; Testing",
}

@Article{Frankel:1996:EEI,
  author =       "C. Frankel",
  title =        "The environment [Electronics industry aspects]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--81",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476738",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Computer aided manufacturing; Consumer electronics;
                 design engineering; design for environment; ecological
                 considerations; ecology; electronics industry;
                 Electronics industry; environmental factors;
                 environmental protection; Europe; Industrial
                 electronics; Manufacturing processes; Plastics;
                 Polymers; product takeback; Recycling; Standards
                 development; technological developments",
}

@Article{Allenby:1996:VYR,
  author =       "B. R. Allenby",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Are You Ready for the Science of Industrial
                 Ecology?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--81",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476739",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Environmental factors; Environmental management; Water
                 conservation",
}

@Article{Dooling:1996:T,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Transportation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "82--86",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476741",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Aerospace control; Air traffic control; Aircraft
                 navigation; Airports; airports; FAA; Global Positioning
                 System; highways; Intelligent transportation systems;
                 Military aircraft; Multilevel systems; railways; Road
                 transportation; shipping lines; technological
                 developments; traffic control; transportation",
}

@Article{Boehmer:1996:VTU,
  author =       "L. S. Boehmer",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Transportation Unbounded",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "84--85",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476743",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Air accidents; Air traffic control; Air
                 transportation; Airports; Image sensors; Magnetic
                 variables control; Rail transportation; Road accidents;
                 Road transportation; Vehicles",
}

@Article{Dooling:1996:AM,
  author =       "D. Dooling",
  title =        "Aerospace and military",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "87--91",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476744",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "aerospace industry; aerospace technology; aircraft;
                 battlefield missile defence; civilian aircraft;
                 commuter aircraft; Costs; ground controllers; jumbo
                 jets; Jupiter; Land vehicles; Military aircraft;
                 military equipment; military systems; military
                 technology; missiles; Missiles; Mobile robots; NASA;
                 Remotely operated vehicles; Road vehicles; Space
                 vehicles; space vehicles; spacecraft; Storms;
                 technological developments",
}

@Article{Fuqua:1996:VGA,
  author =       "D. Fuqua",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Getting Ahead of the Pack --- and Staying
                 Ahead",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "90--90",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476745",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Adam:1996:ME,
  author =       "J. A. Adam",
  title =        "Medical electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "92--95",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476747",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "biomedical electronics; Biomedical engineering;
                 biomedical equipment; Blood vessels; Cardiac disease;
                 cardiology; Cardiovascular diseases; chest wall;
                 diagnosis software; expert system; hearing aids;
                 Hearing aids; heart; Heart; keyhole surgery; Medical
                 diagnostic imaging; medical electronics; medical expert
                 systems; miniaturization; Patient monitoring;
                 peripheral blood vessels; reviews; surgery;
                 technological advances; Tissue engineering; tissue
                 engineering; US Government; vital organs",
}

@Article{Galletti:1996:VLD,
  author =       "P. M. Galletti",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Let's Do Tissue Engineering Right",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "94--94",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476756",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Bladder; Ducts; Minimally invasive surgery; Surgical
                 instruments; Tissue engineering",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1996:IE,
  author =       "Gadi Kaplan",
  title =        "Industrial electronics",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "96--100",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476748",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "AC drive developments; AC motor drives; Communication
                 industry; computer vision; Electromagnetic heating;
                 Electronics industry; Industrial control; industrial
                 electronics; insulated gate bipolar transistors;
                 Insulated gate bipolar transistors; insulated-gate
                 bipolar transistors; machine vision; Manufacturing;
                 MOSFETs; motion control; neural nets; neural network;
                 Plasma welding; power bipolar transistors; Power
                 electronics; power IGBT; technological advances;
                 Thyristors",
}

@Article{VanWyk:1996:VMM,
  author =       "J. D. VanWyk",
  title =        "Viewpoint: The Muscle of Multikilowatts",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "98--99",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476757",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Cameras; Frequency; Grippers; Logic programming;
                 Machine vision; Motion control; Muscles; Open loop
                 systems; Torque control; Voltage control",
}

@Article{Hellemans:1996:BS,
  author =       "A. Hellemans",
  title =        "Basic science",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "101--104",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/6.476749",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "3D data storage; applications; Atom lasers; Atomic
                 beams; Atomic measurements; basic science; Chemical
                 technology; doped polymers; electronic devices;
                 holography; laser science; Laser theory; lasers; Matter
                 waves; polymers; research; Solid state circuits;
                 solid-state physics; state of matter; technical
                 potential; technological advances; Temperature
                 distribution; UV lasers; X-ray lasers",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:PFa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "To probe further",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "105--106",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476750",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:IGA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{IEEE} Guide for Authors",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "107--113",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476751",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Comerford:1996:WSa,
  author =       "Richard Comerford",
  title =        "{Web} Sights",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "116--116",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476752",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Riezenman:1996:ETTa,
  author =       "M. J. Riezenman",
  title =        "{EEs}' Tools Toys",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "119--121",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476753",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Hines:1996:PNa,
  author =       "J. R. Hines",
  title =        "Program Notes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "122--122",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476754",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:CSa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Coming in Spectrum",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "136--136",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.476755",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:ISFb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{{\booktitle{IEEE Spectrum}}} --- Front cover",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "c1--c1",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.7891195",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:TCb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Table of contents",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--4",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.7891196",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:Nb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Newslog",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "1--1",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.7891197",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:Fb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Forum",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "6--8",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.7891198",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
}

@Article{Spicer:1996:MWM,
  author =       "D. Spicer",
  title =        "Meeting world market requirements",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "10--10",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.482269",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Books; Circuit noise; Clocks; Electrostatic
                 interference; Heat sinks; Integrated circuit
                 interconnections; Noise level; Printed circuits;
                 Protection; Reliability theory",
}

@Article{Singh:1996:AM,
  author =       "M. P. Singh",
  title =        "Agents misunderstood",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "10--64",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.482270",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Spectrum",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6",
  keywords =     "Books; Circuit noise; Clocks; Electrostatic
                 interference; Heat sinks; Integrated circuit
                 interconnections; Noise level; Printed circuits;
                 Protection; Reliability theory",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:Cb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Calendar",
  journal =      j-IEEE-SPECTRUM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "14--64E5",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IEESAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/MSPEC.1996.7891199",
  ISSN =         "0018-9235 (print), 1939-9340 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9235",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 16 07:37:23 2020",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeespectrum199