Table of contents for issues of Annals of the History of Computing

Last update: Wed Dec 7 10:43:56 MST 2016                Valid HTML 3.2!

Volume 1, Number 1, July / September, 1979
Volume 1, Number 2, October / December, 1979
Volume 2, Number 1, January / March, 1980
Volume 2, Number 2, April / June, 1980
Volume 2, Number 3, July / September, 1980
Volume 2, Number 4, October / December, 1980
Volume 3, Number 1, January / March, 1981
Volume 3, Number 2, April / June, 1981
Volume 3, Number 3, July / September, 1981
Volume 3, Number 4, October / December, 1981
Volume 4, Number 1, January / March, 1982
Volume 4, Number 2, April / June, 1982
Volume 4, Number 3, July / September, 1982
Volume 4, Number 4, October / December, 1982
Volume 5, Number 1, January / March, 1983
Volume 5, Number 2, April / June, 1983
Volume 5, Number 3, July / September, 1983
Volume 5, Number 4, October / December, 1983
Volume 6, Number 1, January / March, 1984
Volume 6, Number 2, April / June, 1984
Volume 6, Number 3, July / September, 1984
Volume 6, Number 4, October / December, 1984
Volume 7, Number 1, January / March, 1985
Volume 7, Number 2, April / June, 1985
Volume 7, Number 3, July / September, 1985
Volume 7, Number 4, October / December, 1985
Volume 8, Number 1, January / March, 1986
Volume 8, Number 2, April / June, 1986
Volume 8, Number 3, July / September, 1986
Volume 8, Number 4, October / December, 1986
Volume 9, Number 1, January / March, 1987
Volume 9, Number 2, April / June, 1987
Volume 9, Number 3/4, July / September, 1987
Volume 10, Number 1, January / March, 1988
Volume 10, Number 2, April / June, 1988
Volume 10, Number 3, July / September, 1988
Volume 10, Number 4, October / December, 1988
Volume 11, Number 1, January / March, 1989
Volume 11, Number 2, April / June, 1989
Volume 11, Number 3, July / September, 1989
Volume 11, Number 4, October / December, 1989
Volume 12, Number 1, January / March, 1990
Volume 12, Number 2, April / June, 1990
Volume 12, Number 3, July / September, 1990
Volume 12, Number 4, October / December, 1990
Volume 13, Number 1, January / March, 1991
Volume 13, Number 2, April / June, 1991
Volume 13, Number 3, July / September, 1991
Volume 13, Number 4, October / December, 1991
Volume 14, Number 3, July / September, 1992
Volume 37, Number ??, June, 1942
Volume 27, Number 3, July, 1948
Volume 27, Number 4, October, 1948
Volume 65, Number 1, January, 1958
Volume EC-8, Number 2, June, 1959
Volume 13, Number 8, August, 1978
Volume 79, Number 12, 1981
Volume 38, Number 3, 1981
Volume ??, Number ??, October, 1982
Volume 4, Number 1, February, 1984
Volume 21, Number 7, July, 1984
Volume ??, Number ??, Spring, 1985
Volume 22, Number 11, November, 1989
Volume 13, Number 4, October, 1989
Volume 24, July, 1989
Volume ??, Number ??, September, 1989
Volume 17, Number 2, May, 1990
Volume 14, Number 4, October, 1990
Volume 17, Number 2, May, 1990
Papers beginning Fall, 1990
Volume ??, Number ??, September, 1990
Volume 31, Number ??, October, 1990
Volume ??, Number ??, September, 1990
Volume 32, Number ??, January, 1991
Volume ??, Number ??, April 6, 1991
Volume 53, Number 12, December, 2010
Volume 7, Number 4, January, 1965


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 1, Number 1, July / September, 1979

                 Aaron Finerman   Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--5
                 Jean E. Sammet   General AFIPS History of Computing
                                  Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--8
                    Nancy Stern   The BINAC: a Case Study in the History
                                  of Technology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--20
                    John Backus   The History of FORTRAN I, II, and III    21--37
                     I. J. Good   Early Work on Computers at Bletchley . . 38--48
              F. J. Gruenberger   The History of the JOHNNIAC  . . . . . . 49--60
                  John Williams   The History of the JOHNNIAC: Appendix A  60--64:
             Virginia C. Walker   Washington Computer Reminiscences  . . . 65--67
                Nancy Stern and   
               James J. Horning   HOPL: History of Programming Languages
                                  Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--71
                    Herb Bright   FORTRAN Comes to Westinghouse-Bettis,
                                  1957 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--74
              Anthony Hyman and   
                N. T. Gridgeman   Reviews: D. L. Moore: Ada, Countess of
                                  Lovelace; J. M. Dubbey: The Mathematical
                                  Work of Charles Babbage  . . . . . . . . 75--76
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: 1949 Conference
                                  Proceedings Reprinted; EDSAC Film
                                  Available; Contemporary Scientific
                                  Archives Centre  . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--78
                      Anonymous   Comments, Queries and Debate: Early
                                  Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--78
                      Anonymous   Contributions to the Annals of the
                                  History of Computing . . . . . . . . . . 79--80

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 1, Number 2, October / December, 1979

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--82
               Erwin Tomash and   
                Arnold A. Cohen   The Birth of an ERA: Engineering
                                  Associates, Inc. 1946--1955  . . . . . . 83--97
                  Sandy Douglas   Anecdotes: Some Memories of EDSAC I:
                                  1950--1952 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98--99, 208
             Richard W. Hamming   Reviews: Z. W. Pylyshyn: Perspectives on
                                  the Computer Revolution; Capsule Reviews 100, 208
                  Brian Randell   An Annotated Bibliography on the Origins
                                  of Digital Computers . . . . . . . . . . 101--207
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: Recordings by Pioneers
                                  of Computing; Historic Film on MANIAC I  208--208


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 2, Number 1, January / March, 1980

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
                    Nancy Stern   Preserving Computer-Related Source
                                  Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--6
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Programming the EDSAC: Early Programming
                                  Activity at the University of Cambridge  7--36
             R. W. Marczy\'nski   The First Seven Years of Polish Digital
                                  Computers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--48
              N. Metropolis and   
                     J. Worlton   A Trilogy on Errors in the History of
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--59
               Samuel S. Snyder   Computer Advances Pioneered by
                                  Cryptologic Organizations  . . . . . . . 60--70
                 Pamela Gullard   The Charles Babbage Institute for the
                                  History of Information Processing  . . . 71--74
                 Jean E. Sammet   Activities of AFIPS History of Computing
                                  Committee  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75--76
             Jane M. Raines and   
              Raymond W. Smilor   News and Notices: History of Computing
                                  at the Science Museum, London; CBI
                                  Awards Fellowship for 1979--1980; CBI
                                  Fellowship 1980--1981; Analysis of a
                                  U.S.-U.S.S.R. Exchange Program . . . . . 76--78
             Virginia C. Walker   Meetings in Retrospect: COBOL---A
                                  Monument to Cooperation: 1979 NCC
                                  Pioneer Day  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79--82
       Florence R. Anderson and   
            Jerry Mendelson and   
               Erwin Tomash and   
                Arnold A. Cohen   Comments, Queries, and Debate: BNAC at
                                  Northrop; More Thoughts on BKVAC;
                                  Addendum on ERA  . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--88
                Werner Buchholz   Reviews: M. Graef: 350 Years of
                                  Computing Machines; Capsule Reviews  . . 88--94
                      Anonymous   Contributions to the Annals of the
                                  History of Computing . . . . . . . . . . 95--96

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 2, Number 2, April / June, 1980

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--99
                    Nancy Stern   John William Mauchly, 1907--1980 . . . . 100--103
                      John Todd   John Hamilton Curtiss, 1909--1977  . . . 104--110
                Harry D. Huskey   The National Bureau of Standards Western
                                  Automatic Computer (SWAC)  . . . . . . . 111--121
                     Paul Armer   SHARE --- A Eulogy to Cooperative Effort 122--129
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Programming the Mark I: Early
                                  Programming Activity at the University
                                  of Manchester  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130--168
         Alfred W. Van Sinderen   The Printed Papers of Charles Babbage    169--185
                   Harry Nagler   Anecdotes: Napier and Babbage  . . . . . 186--187
                    Konrad Zuse   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Comments
                                  on Randell's Bibliography  . . . . . . . 186--187
                Werner Buchholz   Reviews: K. H. Czawderna: Konrad Zuse;
                                  Capsule Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 187--190
                      Anonymous   Guidelines for Authors . . . . . . . . . 191--191

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 2, Number 3, July / September, 1980

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 195--195
                Albert B. Tonik   Eulogy: Herman Lukoff, 1923--1979  . . . 196--197
                George C. Chase   History of Mechanical Computing
                                  Machinery  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198--226
                Jack Minker and   
                 Rita G. Minker   Optimization of Boolean Expressions ---
                                  Historical Developments  . . . . . . . . 227--238
                    Konrad Zuse   Installation of the German Computer Z4
                                  in Zurich in 1950  . . . . . . . . . . . 239--241
                  A. P. Speiser   The Relay Calculator Z4  . . . . . . . . 242--245
            Fred J. Gruenberger   A Short History of Digital Computing in
                                  Southern California  . . . . . . . . . . 246--250
            Fred J. Gruenberger   History of Eighteen Symposia . . . . . . 251--252
                Byron E. Phelps   Early electronic computer developments
                                  at IBM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253--267
                   Dick Sprague   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Response
                                  to Comments on BINAC . . . . . . . . . . 268--271
              David W. Thompson   Anecdotes: How Not to Conserve Memory
                                  (or What Elegance Is Not)  . . . . . . . 272--273
                   Paul Ceruzzi   News and Notices: Opening of Digital
                                  Computer Museum; Strachey Collection
                                  Completed; Anniversary of Hamming Codes;
                                  CBI Chooses Permanent Site; Honorary
                                  Degree Awarded to Konrad Zuse  . . . . . 273--274
                      Anonymous   Corrections: Reviews: M. Graef: 350
                                  Years of Computing Machines, 2(1) 90,
                                  93; The First Seven Years of Polish
                                  Digital Computers, 2(1) 41; Programming
                                  the Mark I: Early Programming Activity
                                  at the University of Manchester, 2(2),
                                  155  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274--280
           David A. Klarner and   
                    H. S. Tropp   Reviews: P. McCorduck: Machines Who
                                  Think; A. P. Ershov: The British
                                  Lectures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274--280

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 2, Number 4, October / December, 1980

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 283--283
                Jan G. Oblonsky   Eloge: Antonin Svoboda, 1907--1980 . . . 284--298
                 N. M. Blachman   Czechoslovak Automatic Digital Computer,
                                  SAP0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
                 J. G. Oblonsky   The Development of the Research
                                  Institute of Mathematical Machines in
                                  Prague . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
            Velma R. Huskey and   
                Harry D. Huskey   Lady Lovelace and Charles Babbage  . . . 299--329
              Hidetosi Takahasi   Some Important Computers of Japanese
                                  Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330--337
              James E. Thornton   The CDC 6600 Project . . . . . . . . . . 338--348
                    Nancy Stern   John von Neumann's Influence on
                                  Electronic Digital Computing, 1944--1946 349--362
             Bobbi Mapstone and   
            Morton I. Bernstein   Meetings in Retrospect: The Founding of
                                  SHARE, NCC'80 Pioneer Day  . . . . . . . 363--372
                      Anonymous   News: Galler Receives ACM Award  . . . . 372--372
                Gary C. Kessler   Anecdotes: Recollections of the Early
                                  Days of Machine Tabulating . . . . . . . 373--374
                Nancy Stern and   
              Maurice V. Wilkes   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Who
                                  ``Invented'' the First Electronic
                                  Digital Computer?; Mauchly's Position on
                                  von Neumann's Role in Drafting the EDVAC
                                  Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375--377
                      Anonymous   Referees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377--377
                      Anonymous   Corrections: Early electronic computer
                                  developments at IBM, 2(3) 256;
                                  Corrections, 2(3) 274, 279 . . . . . . . 377--377
                      Anonymous   Referees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377--377
              Ryota Suekane and   
                  K. W. Smillie   Reviews: H. Takahasi: The Birth of
                                  Electronic Computers in Japan; M. Beika:
                                  History of Office Mechanization in
                                  Japan; A. D. Falkoff and K. E. Iverson:
                                  The Evolution of APL; Capsule Reviews    378--384


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 3, Number 1, January / March, 1981

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
                Gordon S. Brown   Eloge: Harold Locke Hazen, 1901--1980    4--12
                 Ronald V. Book   Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13--13
                 S. A. Greibach   Formal Languages: Origins and Directions 14--41
                Juris Hartmanis   Observations about the development of
                                  theoretical computer science . . . . . . 42--51
            Stephen Cole Kleene   Origins of Recursive Function Theory . . 52--67
        William F. Luebbert and   
               Deirdre La Porte   Meetings in Retrospect: Commemoration of
                                  7940 Remote Computing Demonstration by
                                  Stibitz; Science and Technology Studies:
                                  Toronto 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--71
                    W. Buchholz   Anecdotes: Origin of the Word Byte . . . 72--72
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: History and Philosophy
                                  of Logic Award to Erwin Tomash; CBI
                                  Moves to Minneapolis . . . . . . . . . . 72--72
               Eugene Usdin and   
         Alfred W. Van Sinderen   Comments, Queries, and Debate: More on
                                  the CPC Configuration; The Trinity House 73--73
        Herman H. Goldstine and   
                 John A. N. Lee   Reviews: K. C. Redmond and T. M. Smith:
                                  Project Whirlwind; S. H. Lavington:
                                  Early British Computers; Capsule Reviews 74--75, 77, 79--80
                      Anonymous   Guidelines for Authors . . . . . . . . . 81--82
                      Anonymous   Contributions to the Annals of the
                                  History of Computing . . . . . . . . . . 83--84
                      Anonymous   Author Index to Volumes 1 and 2, Annals
                                  of the History of Computing  . . . . . . 85--85
                      Anonymous   Contents of Volumes 1 and 2, Annals of
                                  the History of Computing . . . . . . . . 86--86
                      Anonymous   Indexes to Volumes 1 and 2, Annals of
                                  the History of Computing . . . . . . . . 87--109

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 3, Number 2, April / June, 1981

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 115--115
                   M. V. Wilkes   The Design of a Control Unit ---
                                  Reflections on Reading Babbage's
                                  Notebooks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116--120
                  H. R. Schwarz   The Early Years of Computing in
                                  Switzerland  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121--132
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Programming the Pilot ACE: Early
                                  Programming Activity at the National
                                  Physical Laboratory  . . . . . . . . . . 133--162
               Cuthbert C. Hurd   Early IBM Computers: Edited Testimony    163--182
         Virginia C. Walker and   
                James L. Rogers   Meetings in Retrospect: To Honor Our
                                  Beginnings --- ACM'80; Atanasoff Speaks
                                  at Digital Computer Museum . . . . . . . 183--186
           Geoffrey D. Austrian   Anecdotes: The Machine that Carried IBM
                                  into the Electronics Business  . . . . . 186--188
            John M. Bennett and   
                Jack Minker and   
               Kenneth H. Cowan   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Comments
                                  on Programming the Manchester Mark I;
                                  ``Old-Timers'' in 1967; More on
                                  ``Inventing'' the First Electronic
                                  Digital Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . 189--192
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: Survey of Sources in
                                  the History of Information Processing;
                                  History of Computing at the University
                                  of Warwick; Zuse at Digital Museum . . . 192--193
               J. A. N. Lee and   
                    Hal Berghel   Reviews: N. Metropolis, et al.: A
                                  History of Computing in The Twentieth
                                  Century; Capsule Reviews . . . . . . . . 193--208

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 3, Number 3, July / September, 1981

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 211--211
                      Anonymous   An Editorial Statement . . . . . . . . . 212--212
                Marian Rejewski   How Polish Mathematicians Deciphered the
                                  Enigma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213--234
                 M. R. Williams   The Scientific Library of Charles
                                  Babbage  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235--240
                Paul E. Ceruzzi   The Early Computers of Konrad Zuse, 1935
                                  to 1945  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241--262
               John von Neumann   The Principles of Large-Scale Computing
                                  Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263--273
               John von Neumann   The NORC and Problems in High-Speed
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274--279
             Henry S. Tropp and   
                 William Aspray   Meetings in Retrospect: NCC History
                                  Session; Wilkinson Lecture on Pilot ACE  280--282
                C. L. Baker and   
            Grace Murray Hopper   Anecdotes: Stories from the HOPL
                                  Banquet: Dear John; Meeting JOSS; The
                                  First Bug; SOAP Assembler; Debugging . . 283--286
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: New CBI Director; CBI
                                  Fellowship Award; Digital Computer
                                  Museum; Pioneers of Computing; HOPL
                                  Tapes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286--287
                      Anonymous   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Query on
                                  Babbage  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288--288
          Herbert E. Salzer and   
              Eric A. Weiss and   
             Henry S. Tropp and   
                 Jane Smith and   
               Robert W. Rector   Reviews: H. H. Goldstine: A History of
                                  Numerical Analysis; Electronics: An Age
                                  of Innovation; J. A. N. Lee: Banquet
                                  Anecdotes and Conference Excerpts; R. L.
                                  Wexelblat: History of Programming
                                  Languages: Capsule Reviews . . . . . . . 289--302

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 3, Number 4, October / December, 1981

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 307--307
             Norman A. Phillips   Eloge: Jule G. Charney, 1917--1981 . . . 308--309
            Arthur W. Burks and   
                 Alice R. Burks   The ENIAC: First General-Purpose
                                  Electronic Computer  . . . . . . . . . . 310--389
          John V. Atanasoff and   
        John Grist Brainerd and   
          J. Presper Eckert and   
        Kathleen R. Mauchly and   
              Brian Randell and   
                    Konrad Zuse   Commentary (With Replies by the Authors) 389--399
                     B. Randell   Comment on ``The ENIAC: The First
                                  General-Purpose Electronic Computer, by
                                  A. W. Burks and A. R. Burks''  . . . . . 396--397
             Virginia C. Walker   Meetings in Retrospect: Blueprint for
                                  Success --- Pioneer Day 1981 . . . . . . 400--407
                      Anonymous   Corrections: How Polish Mathematicians
                                  Deciphered the Enigma, 3(3) 232,
                                  Reviews: H. H. Goldstine: A History of
                                  Numerical Analysis, 3(3) 293 . . . . . . 407--407
            James L. Rogers and   
                   J. A. N. Lee   Comments, Queries, and Debate: The
                                  Sumador Chino; History of FORTRAN  . . . 408--410
                  Hank Burchard   News and Notices: Finerman and Lee
                                  Receive ACM Awards; Summer Positions at
                                  Digital Computer Museum; CBI Fellowship
                                  1982--1983; GMD Activities in the
                                  History of Computing; Request for
                                  Articles; Edwards Speaks at Digital
                                  Computer Museum; Exhibit of Cipher
                                  Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410--413
                C. Strachey and   
            Velma R. Huskey and   
                Harry D. Huskey   Anecdotes: An Impossible Program;
                                  Charles Babbage and Lady Lovelace  . . . 414--415
                      Anonymous   Referees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415
          George Ledin, Jr. and   
             Henry S. Tropp and   
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
      Martin Campbell-Kelly and   
                  K. W. Smillie   Reviews: J. G. Santesmases: Obra e
                                  Inventos de Torres Quevedo; C. Evans:
                                  Pioneers of Computing; N. Metropolis, et
                                  al.: A History of Computing in the
                                  Twentieth Century; Capsule Reviews . . . 416--430


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 4, Number 1, January / March, 1982

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
           Deirdre La Porte and   
              George R. Stibitz   Eloge: E. G. Andrews, 1898--1980 . . . . 4--5
              E. G. Andrews and   
                     H. W. Bode   Use of the Relay Digital Computer  . . . 5--13
                  E. G. Andrews   Telephone Switching and the Early Bell
                                  Laboratories Computers . . . . . . . . . 13--19
                 D. L. Slotnick   The Conception and Development of
                                  Parallel Processors: A Personal Memoir   20--30
        Jose Garcia Santesmases   Early Computer Developments in Madrid    31--34
               Shirley L. Marks   JOSS: Conversational Computing for the
                                  Nonprogrammer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--52
          Maurice V. Wilkes and   
                     I. J. Good   Meetings in Retrospect: J. G. Brainerd
                                  on the ENIAC; A Report on T. H.
                                  Flowers's Lecture on Colossus  . . . . . 53--59
                C. L. Baker and   
         Richard P. Feynman and   
                  Bernice Brode   Anecdotes: The Adventures of a Blunder
                                  9; Reminiscences of Los Alamos . . . . . 60--64
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--65
              John McCarthy and   
            William B. Kehl and   
                  Brian Randell   Comments, Queries, and Debate:
                                  Corrections on Early IBM Computers; The
                                  Case of the Missing Memoranda  . . . . . 66--67
                     B. Randell   The Case of the Missing Memoranda  . . . 67--68
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: Research Projects in
                                  the History of Computing; New Publisher
                                  for History and Philosophy of Logic;
                                  Pioneer Day at 1982 NCC; Digital
                                  Computer Museum Opens to Public; History
                                  of Solid-State Physics . . . . . . . . . 68--68
              K. W. Smillie and   
                     Saul Rosen   Reviews: N. Metropolis, et al.: A
                                  History of Computing in the Twentieth
                                  Century; R. L. Wexelblat: History of
                                  Programming Languages; T. Forester: The
                                  Microelectronics Revolution; Capsule
                                  Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--78
                      Anonymous   Instructions for Authors . . . . . . . . 79--79
                      Anonymous   Suggestions for Authors  . . . . . . . . 80--80
                      Anonymous   Index to Volume 3  . . . . . . . . . . . 81--96

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 4, Number 2, April / June, 1982

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--99
                  Heinz Zemanek   Eloge: Victor Mikhaylovich Glushkov,
                                  1923--1982 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100--101
                      Mina Rees   The Computing Program of the Office of
                                  Naval Research, 1946--1953 . . . . . . . 102--120
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   The Development of Computer Programming
                                  in Britain (1945 to 1955)  . . . . . . . 121--139
              George R. Stibitz   Automatic Computing Machinery  . . . . . 140--142
                   Per A. Holst   George A. Philbrick and Polyphemus: The
                                  First Electronic Training Simulator  . . 143--156
                        S. Ulam   Biographies: John von Neumann,
                                  1903--1957 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157--181
            James L. Rogers and   
                    Nancy Stern   Meetings in Retrospect: Clark on the
                                  LINC; Burks on the Stored-Program
                                  Concept  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182--183
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: Pioneer Award
                                  Established by Computer Society;
                                  Undergraduate Paper Competition in
                                  Cryptology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184--184
            Robert F. Rosin and   
                C. J. Bashe and   
                    Konrad Zuse   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Comments
                                  on Early Computers and IBM; A Note on
                                  the SSEC; Comments . . . . . . . . . . . 185--187
                 Philip H. Dorn   Reviews: T. Kidder: The Soul of a New
                                  Machine; Capsule Reviews . . . . . . . . 188--192

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 4, Number 3, July / September, 1982

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 195--195
               Allan G. Bromley   Charles Babbage's Analytical Engine,
                                  1838 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196--217
                      Anonymous   Defense Research at Bell Laboratories    218--218
           W. H. C. Higgins and   
             B. D. Holbrook and   
                   J. W. Emling   Electrical Computers for Fire Control    218--236
               C. A. Warren and   
                B. McMillan and   
                 B. D. Holbrook   Military Systems Engineering and
                                  Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236--244
                      Anonymous   Mauchly: Unpublished Remarks: Letter to
                                  Henry Tropp, September 28, 1978; Letter
                                  to H. Helm Clayton, November 15, 1940;
                                  Fireside Chat, November 13, 1973
                                  (Introduction by Carl Hammer); Afterword
                                  by Arthur W. Burks and Alice R. Burks    245--256
           Donald J. Albers and   
              Lynn Arthur Steen   Biographies: a Conversation with Don
                                  Knuth  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257--274
                 M. R. Williams   Meetings in Retrospect: CIPS '82 ---
                                  History Session  . . . . . . . . . . . . 274--274
         W. L. van der Poel and   
          Maurice V. Wilkes and   
                    C. L. Baker   Anecdotes: Notes from the Mathematical
                                  Centre; First SHARE 709 Committee
                                  Meeting  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275--283
                Byron E. Phelps   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Comment
                                  on ENIAC Article . . . . . . . . . . . . 284--285
            Arthur W. Burks and   
                 Alice R. Burks   Comment on ENIAC Article: Author's Reply 285--287
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   News and Notices: Hammer Chairs AFIPS
                                  History Committee; ACM Symposium to
                                  Honor Church and Rosser; CBI Reprint
                                  Series; CBI Fellowship, 1983--1984;
                                  Museum Lecture Series; Annals using New
                                  CR Categories  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287--288
                 Henry S. Tropp   Reviews: J. W. de Bakker, et al.: MC-25
                                  Informatics Symposium; Capsule Reviews   289--291

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 4, Number 4, October / December, 1982

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 295--295
               Charles J. Bashe   The SSEC in Historical Perspective . . . 296--312
          John C. McPherson and   
          Frank E. Hamilton and   
          Robert R. Seeber, Jr.   A Large-Scale, general-Purpose
                                  Electronic Digital calculator: The SSEC  313--326
                  Brian Randell   From Analytical Engine to Electronic
                                  Digital Computer: The Contributions of
                                  Ludgate, Torres and Bush . . . . . . . . 327--341
                  Peter Drucker   Work and Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342--347
              N. Metropolis and   
                   E. C. Nelson   Early Computing at Los Alamos  . . . . . 348--357
          William F. Aspray and   
             Virginia C. Walker   Meetings in Retrospect: Pioneer Day, NCC
                                  '82: History of the Stored-Program
                                  Concept; The 25th Anniversary of FORTRAN 358--367
            Byron E. Phelps and   
          Isaac L. Auerbach and   
                   Martin Davis   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Computer
                                  Circuit Design in the 1940s; Victor M.
                                  Glushkov; Lectures at ``Atlanta State''  368--370
               Garry J. Tee and   
             Henry S. Tropp and   
              Bernard A. Galler   Anecdotes: Alexander Craig Aitken;
                                  Leslie John Comrie; MAD Compiler . . . . 371--372
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: Pioneer Day to
                                  Celebrate Harvard at 1983 NCC; Meeting
                                  on Charles Babbage . . . . . . . . . . . 373--373
                      Anonymous   Referees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373--373
                 Henry S. Tropp   Reviews: J. W. de Bakker and J. C. van
                                  Wet: Algorithmic Languages; Capsule
                                  Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374--384


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 5, Number 1, January / March, 1983

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
                   Bob O. Evans   Introduction to the SPREAD Report  . . . 4--5
           John W. Haanstra and   
               Bob O. Evans and   
               Joes D. Aron and   
   Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. and   
         John W. Fairclough and   
         William P. Heising and   
          Herbert Hellerman and   
          Walter H. Johnson and   
            Martin J. Kelly and   
          Douglas V. Newton and   
          Bruce G. Oldfield and   
           Seymour A. Rosen and   
                 Jerome Svigals   Processor Products --- Final Report of
                                  the SPREAD Task Group, December 28, 1961 6--26
               Joel D. Aron and   
   Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. and   
               Bob O. Evans and   
         John W. Fairclough and   
             Aaron Finerman and   
          Bernard A. Galler and   
         William P. Heising and   
          Walter H. Johnson and   
                    Nancy Stern   Discussion of the SPREAD Report, June
                                  23, 1982 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--44
                   Garry J. Tee   The Heritage of Charles Babbage in
                                  Australasia  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--59
                  Brian Randell   A Mysterious Advertisement . . . . . . . 60--63
              Christopher Evans   Conversation: J. M. M. Pinkerton . . . . 64--72
                  Heinz Zemanek   Anecdotes: Algorithmic Perfection  . . . 73--73
                    C. J. Bashe   Comments, Queries, and Debate: The IBM
                                  7080 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--74
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: AFIPS Award
                                  Nominations Invited; CBI Appoints
                                  Associate Director; Journal of Robotics
                                  Announced; CBI Begins Development of
                                  Historical Database  . . . . . . . . . . 75--75
     Alfred W. Van Sinderen and   
           Allan G. Bromley and   
              Bernard Cohen and   
                   Paul Ceruzzi   Reviews: A. Hyman: Charles Babbage; N.
                                  Stern: from ENIAC to UNIVAC I; C. Baum:
                                  The System Builders; Capsule Reviews . . 76--85
                      Anonymous   Instructions for Authors . . . . . . . . 87--87
                      Anonymous   Suggestions for Authors  . . . . . . . . 88--89
                      Anonymous   Index, Volume 4, Annals of the History
                                  of Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--102

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 5, Number 2, April / June, 1983

               Cuthbert C. Hurd   About This Issue: Special Issue on the
                                  IBM 701  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107--107
                      Anonymous   Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107--109
               Cuthbert C. Hurd   Prologue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110--111
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Planning  . . . . . . . . 112--112
           James W. Birkenstock   Preliminary Planning for the 701 . . . . 112--114
                      Anonymous   Letter from L. H. LaMotte, May 21, 1952  114--114
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Architecture  . . . . . . 115--115
            Nathaniel Rochester   The 701 Project as Seen by Its Chief
                                  Architect  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115--117
          William F. McClelland   Remarks on Assemblers  . . . . . . . . . 117--117
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Engineering . . . . . . . 118--118
              Jerrier A. Haddad   701 Recollections  . . . . . . . . . . . 118--124
                   Bob O. Evans   Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124--124
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Programming . . . . . . . 125--125
          William F. McClelland   Activities of the Applied Science
                                  Mathematical Committee on the 701  . . . 125--127
          William F. McClelland   A Tracing Program Subordinate to the
                                  Given Program  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127--131
          William F. McClelland   Further Developments in Assembly
                                  Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132--132
                   N. Rochester   Computer Programs Produced by the
                                  Planning Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133--133
              Floyd E. Johnston   The One-Card Binary Loader for the IBM
                                  701  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133--135
                      Anonymous   IBM Speedcoding System (from IBM Manual) 135--139
                      Anonymous   Los Angeles Cooperative Compiler Project
                                  Policy Committee Minutes . . . . . . . . 139--141
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Application Testing . . . 142--142
                 D. W. Ladd and   
                  J. W. Sheldon   The Numerical Solution of a Partial
                                  Differential Equation on the IBM Type
                                  701 Electronic Data Processing Machine   142--145
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Installation  . . . . . . 146--146
                D. E. Rosenheim   Installation of the First Production 701 146--147
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Technical Computing
                                  Bureau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148--149
                John Greenstadt   Recollections of the Technical Computing
                                  Bureau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149--152
              J. Greenstadt and   
           John W. Carr III and   
                     D. W. Ladd   Three Letters  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152--153
          William F. McClelland   Report of 10/18/51 Conference on
                                  Checking with von Neumann  . . . . . . . 153--154
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Announcement and
                                  Dedication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155--155
                      Anonymous   Front Page of the April 1953 IBM Record  156--156
      J. Robert Oppenheimer and   
          Thomas J. Watson, Jr.   Speeches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157--160
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Sales and Customer
                                  Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161--161
                      Anonymous   Customer Education Classes . . . . . . . 162--163
                      Anonymous   Principles of Operation: Type 701 and
                                  Associated Equipment (from IBM manual)   164--166
           W. F. McClelland and   
                  D. W. Pendery   701 Installation in the West . . . . . . 167--170
                 R. Blair Smith   The IBM 701 --- Marketing and Customer
                                  Relations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170--172
           George W. Petrie III   The 701 in the Washington Federal
                                  District . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172--173
                   John W. Luke   Recollections  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173--173
               G. Truman Hunter   Recollections  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173--174
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: Customer Experiences  . . 175--175
                Daniel R. Mason   1. The 701 in the IBM Technical
                                  Computing Bureau . . . . . . . . . . . . 176--177
             Edward A. Voorhees   2 & 13. Computing at Los Alamos
                                  Scientific Laboratory with the 701 . . . 177--178
                Dura A. Sweeney   Los Alamos Coding System and Assembly
                                  Program for the IBM 701  . . . . . . . . 178--180
             Edward A. Voorhees   Los Alamos Debugging Programs and
                                  Techniques as Used on the IBM 701  . . . 180--182
                      Anonymous   Dual Coding System (Los Alamos Manual)   182--184
                Leland H. Amaya   3 & 18. The 701 Installation at Lockheed
                                  Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184--185
               Thomas E. McCool   4. NSA's Defense Calculator, 1952--1953  186--187
                    C. L. Baker   5. The 701 at Douglas, Santa Monica  . . 187--193
                      Anonymous   Computing Engineering Manual (Douglas
                                  Aircraft Company)  . . . . . . . . . . . 193--194
                H. R. J. Grosch   6. The 701 at General Electric . . . . . 195--197
                      Anonymous   7. The 701 at Convair, Fort Worth,
                                  Editor's Note  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197--198
              Harley E. Tillett   8. The 701 at the U.S. Navy China Lake
                                  Installation, Inyokern, California . . . 198--200
                      Anonymous   9. The 701 at United Aircraft, Editor's
                                  Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201--201
                 Jack A. Strong   10. The 701 at North American Aviation   201--201
                     Paul Armer   11. The Defense Calculator at the Rand
                                  Corporation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202--202
              Randall E. Porter   12. First Encounter with the 701 (for
                                  Boeing Aircraft) . . . . . . . . . . . . 202--204
            Walter C. Schlieser   14. The 701 at Douglas, El Segundo . . . 204--205
                      Anonymous   15. U.S. Naval Aviation Supply, Editor's
                                  Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206--206
                      Tad Kishi   16. The 701 at Lawrence Livermore
                                  Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206--210
              George F. Ryckman   17. The IBM 701 Computer at the General
                                  Motors Research Laboratories . . . . . . 210--212
                      Anonymous   19. The 701 at the U.S. Weather Bureau,
                                  Editor's Note  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212--212
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note: The Type 701A (704) . . . 213--213
                 Gene M. Amdahl   Recollections of the 701A  . . . . . . . 213--215
               Cuthbert C. Hurd   IBM Letter #4571 [May 7, 1954]; IBM
                                  Letter #4666 [October 1, 1954] . . . . . 215--217
               Cuthbert C. Hurd   Epilogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218--219
                Werner Buchholz   News and Notices: Program Announced for
                                  Pioneer Day at 1983 NCC: [Obituaries]
                                  Kurt O. Friedrichs, Frederick E. Terman,
                                  and Albert L. Williams . . . . . . . . . 220--220

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 5, Number 3, July / September, 1983

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 223--223
             Kent K. Curtis and   
           N. C. Metropolis and   
           William G. Rosen and   
           Yoshio Shimamoto and   
                James N. Snyder   John R. Pasta, 1918--1981 --- An Unusual
                                  Path Toward Computer Science . . . . . . 224--238
              Thomas H. Flowers   The Design of Colossus . . . . . . . . . 239--253
             Allen W. M. Coombs   The Making of Colossus . . . . . . . . . 253--259
                 W. W. Chandler   The Installation and Maintenance of
                                  Colossus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260--262
         Alfred W. Van Sinderen   Babbage's Letter to Quetelet, May 1835   263--267
                  Marcia Ascher   The Logical-Numerical System of Inca
                                  Quipus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268--278
                 M. R. Williams   From Napier to Lucas: The Use of
                                  Napier's Bones in Calculating
                                  Instruments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279--296
              Christopher Evans   Conversation: Jay W. Forrester . . . . . 297--301
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 302--303, 308--309
           Allan G. Bromley and   
           Richard E. Smith and   
           Clark A. Elliott and   
                  Eric A. Weiss   Comments, Questions, and Debate: What
                                  Defines a ``General-Purpose'' Computer?;
                                  Early ONR Publications About Computers;
                                  History of Science Centers; Information
                                  Sought on the Bell ``2-B Regrettor'' . . 303--306
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: Mina Rees Awarded NAS
                                  Public Welfare Medal; Historical
                                  Dictionary on Data Processing  . . . . . 307--307
                      Anonymous   Answers to Self-Study Questions  . . . . 308--309
      Martin Campbell-Kelly and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
                 M. R. Williams   Reviews: R. Hull: The Unfortunate
                                  Murderer; B. J. Bleackley and J.
                                  LaPrairie: Entering the Computer Age; H.
                                  Zemanek: Al-Khorezmi; Capsule Reviews    310--316
                      Anonymous   Announcement of Rate Increase  . . . . . 316--316

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 5, Number 4, October / December, 1983

              Robert R. Everett   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 319--320
                      Anonymous   Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320--322
                 John F. Jacobs   SAGE Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323--329
          Robert R. Everett and   
          Charles A. Zraket and   
           Herbert D. Benington   SAGE --- A Data Processing System for
                                  Air Defense  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330--339
         Morton M. Astrahan and   
                 John F. Jacobs   History of the Design of the SAGE
                                  Computer --- The AN/FSQ-7  . . . . . . . 340--349
           Herbert D. Benington   Production of Large Computer Programs    350--361
               C. Robert Wieser   The Cape Cod System  . . . . . . . . . . 362--369
             John V. Harrington   Radar Data Transmission  . . . . . . . . 370--374
             Henry S. Tropp and   
       Herbert D. Benington and   
              Robert Bright and   
            Robert P. Crago and   
          Robert R. Everett and   
           Jay W. Forrester and   
         John V. Harrington and   
             John F. Jacobs and   
           Albert R. Shiely and   
           Norman H. Taylor and   
               C. Robert Wieser   A Perspective on SAGE: Discussion  . . . 375--398
               Jay W. Forrester   Reliability of Components  . . . . . . . 399--401
                 Henry S. Tropp   SAGE at North Bay  . . . . . . . . . . . 401--403
              Robert R. Everett   Epilogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403--403
            Robert F. Rosin and   
          Bernard A. Galler and   
                 J. G. Brainerd   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Query on
                                  TSS; First Paper on Computer Business
                                  Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404--405
                      Anonymous   Correction: Programming the Pilot ACE:
                                  Early Programming Activity at the
                                  National Physical Laboratory, 3(2) 162   405--405
                      Anonymous   Index Information  . . . . . . . . . . . 405--405
                 Henry S. Tropp   Anecdotes: L. J. Comrie  . . . . . . . . 406--406
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 407, 409--411
                      Anonymous   News and Notices: Associate Director for
                                  CBI; Computer Museum Moving to Boston;
                                  AFIPS Presents Awards to Andahl, Kemeny,
                                  and Tanaka; Abacus to Begin Publication  407--408
                      Anonymous   Answers to Self-Study Questions  . . . . 409--410
                      Anonymous   Announcement of Rate Increase  . . . . . 411--411
           Allan G. Bromley and   
      Martin Campbell-Kelly and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
              Eric A. Weiss and   
                 Saul Rosen and   
             Cipher A. Deavours   Reviews: O. I. Franksen: Mr. Babbage,
                                  the Difference Engine, and the Problem
                                  of Notation: An Account of the Origin of
                                  Recursiveness and Conditionals in
                                  Computer Programming; H. Lukoff: from
                                  Dits to Bits; I. Asimov: Asimov's
                                  Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and
                                  Technology; J. Futrelle: Thinking
                                  Machine; R. M. Hord: The Illiac IV; C.
                                  H. Meyer and S. M. Matyas: Cryptography;
                                  T. J. Peters and R. H. Waterman: In
                                  Search of Excellence; J. W. Stokes: 70
                                  Years of Radio Tubes and Valves; G.
                                  Welchman: The Hut Six Story; Capsule
                                  Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411--427


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 6, Number 1, January / March, 1984

               J. A. N. Lee and   
                 Henry S. Tropp   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--4
                      Anonymous   Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--6
                   J. A. N. Lee   Pioneer Day, 1982  . . . . . . . . . . . 7--14
                    John Backus   Early Days of FORTRAN  . . . . . . . . . 15--15
              John C. McPherson   Early Computers and Computing
                                  Institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--16
                Robert W. Bemer   Computing Prior to FORTRAN . . . . . . . 16--18
               Richard Goldberg   Register Allocation in FORTRAN I . . . . 19--20
                       Roy Nutt   Compiler Techniques Available in 1954    20--22
               Frances E. Allen   A Technological Review of the Early
                                  FORTRAN Compilers  . . . . . . . . . . . 22--25
                    John Backus   Afterword  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26--27
                   Jeanne Adams   Institutionalization of FORTRAN  . . . . 28--28
              Herbert S. Bright   Early FORTRAN User Experience  . . . . . 28--30
               Robert A. Hughes   Early FORTRAN at Livermore . . . . . . . 30--30
             William P. Heising   The Emergence of FORTRAN IV from FORTRAN
                                  II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--32
           Martin N. Greenfield   The Impact of FORTRAN Standardization    33--33
            Daniel D. McCracken   The Early History of FORTRAN
                                  Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33--34
               Charles Davidson   The Emergence of Load-and-Go Systems for
                                  FORTRAN  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--37
                James M. Sakoda   A Dynamic Storage Allocation Language
                                  --- DYSTAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--38
               Bruce Rosenblatt   The Successors to FORTRAN---Why Does
                                  FORTRAN Survive? . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--40
               Daniel N. Leeson   IBM FORTRAN Exhibit and Film . . . . . . 41--48
                   J. A. N. Lee   An Annotated Bibliography of FORTRAN . . 49--58
                 Henry S. Tropp   FORTRAN Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . 59--64
                Elliott C. Nohr   Meetings in Retrospect; FORTRAN
                                  Celebration at IBM Santa Teresa
                                  Laboratory; FORTRAN Activities at SHARE
                                  59 Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--69
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 69, 72--73
                      Anonymous   News and Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--71
                  K. W. Smillie   Reviews: FORTRAN Papers from NCC `82
                                  Proceedings; Capsule Reviews . . . . . . 74--80
                      Anonymous   Instructions for Authors . . . . . . . . 81--81
                      Anonymous   Suggestions for Authors  . . . . . . . . 82--82
                      Anonymous   Index to Volume 5, Annals of the History
                                  of Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--96

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 6, Number 2, April / June, 1984

                      Anonymous   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--99
                Joseph Blum and   
            Robert L. Kirby and   
                    Jack Minker   Eloge: Walter W. Jacobs, 1914--1982  . . 100--105
                   M. Beard and   
                     T. Pearcey   The Genesis of an Early Stored-Program
                                  Computer: CSIRAC . . . . . . . . . . . . 106--115
            Kathleen R. Mauchly   John Mauchly's Early Years . . . . . . . 116--138
               F. L. Morris and   
                    C. B. Jones   An Early Program Proof by Alan Turing    139--143
          Herbert Hellerman and   
          Robert W. O'Neill and   
             Gene M. Amdahl and   
                 Jerome Svigals   The SPREAD Discussion Continued  . . . . 144--151
             Henry S. Tropp and   
            John Grist Brainerd   Anecdotes: Origin of the Term \em Bit;
                                  The Soviets and the ENIAC  . . . . . . . 152--156
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 156, 164--165
             M. R. Williams and   
               Cuthbert C. Hurd   Meeting in Retrospect: Howard Aiken and
                                  the Harvard Computation Laboratory;
                                  Aiken Observed . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157--162
           Allan G. Bromley and   
                Fred R. Shapiro   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Origins
                                  of Antiaircraft Analog Computers; ``The
                                  First Bug'' Examined . . . . . . . . . . 163--164
                      Anonymous   News and Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . 166--167
             Henry S. Tropp and   
             Philip H. Dorn and   
      Martin Campbell-Kelly and   
                  Eric A. Weiss   Reviews: P. E. Ceruzzi, Reckoners: The
                                  Prehistory of the Digital Computer from
                                  Relays to the Stored Program Concept,
                                  1935--1945; E. A. Feigenbaum and P.
                                  McCorduck, The Fifth Generation; A.
                                  Hodges, Alan Turing: The Enigma; S. S.
                                  Husson, 25th Anniversary Issue, IBM
                                  Journal of Research and Development; M.
                                  Ledger, The Case of the ENIAC and The
                                  ENIAC's Muddled History; Capsule Reviews 167--187
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Review of ``Alan Turing: The Enigma'',
                                  by Andrew Hodges . . . . . . . . . . . . 176--178
                      Anonymous   Cumulative Index to Volumes 1--5, Annals
                                  of the History of Computing  . . . . . . 189--224

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 6, Number 3, July / September, 1984

                      Anonymous   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 227--228
                 Aaron Finerman   A Note on Our Fifth Anniversary  . . . . 228--228
         John Vincent Atanasoff   Advent of Electronic Digital Computing   229--282
                 Robert Dorfman   The Discovery of Linear Programming  . . 283--295
           William Orchard-Hays   History of Mathematical Programming
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296--312
          Robert M. Stewart and   
                  Heinz Zemanek   Meetings in Retrospect: John Vincent
                                  Atanasoff Celebration; Al-Khorezmi
                                  Anniversary in Turkestan . . . . . . . . 313--315
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 316, 318
                      Anonymous   News and Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . 316--316
              Robert M. Steward   Anecdotes: The End of the ABC  . . . . . 317--317
            Paul E. Ceruzzi and   
                  Eric A. Weiss   Reviews: F. M. Fisher, J. W. McKie, R.
                                  B. Mancke. IBM and the U.S. Data
                                  Processing Industry; IBM Corporation,
                                  Computer Technology Exhibit; Capsule
                                  Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319--325

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 6, Number 4, October / December, 1984

                      Anonymous   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 331--331
              Isaac L. Auerbach   Eloge: Niels Ivar Bech, 1920--1975 . . . 332--334
                  J. W. Addison   Eloge: Alfred Tarski, 1901--1983 . . . . 335--336
              J. Barkley Rosser   Highlights of the History of the
                                  Lambda-Calculus  . . . . . . . . . . . . 337--349
                Harry D. Huskey   From ACE to the G-15 . . . . . . . . . . 350--371
            Gordon S. Brown and   
                 Norbert Wiener   Automation, 1955: a Retrospective  . . . 372--383
             B. A. Trakhtenbrot   A Survey of Russian Approaches to
                                  Perebor (Brute-force Search) Algorithms  384--400
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 401, 405--407
            Donald E. Knuth and   
               Erwin Tomash and   
                 M. R. Williams   Comments, Queries, and Debate: FORTRAN
                                  implementations; The Madrid promptuary;
                                  Edouard Lucas Vindicated; Photo Essays   402--405
                Donald E. Knuth   FORTRAN implementations (letter) . . . . 402--403
                      Anonymous   News and Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . 408--408
                      Anonymous   Anecdotes: Whence the ``Bug''? . . . . . 409--409
                Gordon Bell and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
                    Nancy Stern   Reviews: R. Moreau, The Computer Comes
                                  of Age; A. Ralston and E. D. Reilly,
                                  Jr., Encyclopedia of Computer Science
                                  and Engineering; Joel Shurkin, Engines
                                  of the Mind; Capsule Reviews . . . . . . 410--424


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 7, Number 1, January / March, 1985

                      Anonymous   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
              Isaac L. Auerbach   Eloge: Dov Chevion, 1917--1983 . . . . . 4--6
               James E. Tomayko   NASA's Manned Spacecraft Computers . . . 7--18
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Christopher Strachey 1916--1975: a
                                  biographical note  . . . . . . . . . . . 19--42
               R. L. Graham and   
                     Pavol Hell   On the History of the Minimum Spanning
                                  Tree Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43--57
                Velma R. Huskey   Anecdotes: Who Was the Mysterious
                                  Countess?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58--59
             Harlow Freitag and   
                  Eric A. Weiss   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Comment
                                  on the Review of IBM Journal and a
                                  Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60--62
                 M. R. Williams   Meetings in Retrospect: History of
                                  Computers in Canada  . . . . . . . . . . 63--65
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 65, 68--69
                      Anonymous   News and Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--67
                  John Todd and   
                 Jean E. Sammet   Comment on Previous Self-Study Answer
                                  and Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65, 68--69
                  Mina Rees and   
              Eric A. Weiss and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
                 M. R. Williams   Reviews: N. Reingold, Refugee
                                  Mathematicians in the United States of
                                  America 1933--1947; R. Rosenberg, The
                                  Origins of EE Education; A. Bullock and
                                  R. B. Woodings, The Fontana Biographical
                                  Companion to Modern Thought; D. de Solla
                                  Price, A History of Calculating
                                  Machines; Capsule Reviews  . . . . . . . 70--79
                      Anonymous   Instructions for Authors . . . . . . . . 81--81
                      Anonymous   Suggestions for Authors  . . . . . . . . 82--82 (??)
                      Anonymous   Index to Volume 6, Annals of the History
                                  of Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--95

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 7, Number 2, April / June, 1985

                      Anonymous   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--99
                    Nancy Stern   Minutes of 1947 Patent Conference, Moore
                                  School of Electrical Engineering,
                                  University of Pennsylvania . . . . . . . 100--116
              William F. Aspray   The Scientific Conceptualization of
                                  Information: a Survey  . . . . . . . . . 117--140
               Cuthbert C. Hurd   A Note on Early Monte Carlo Computations
                                  and Scientific Meetings  . . . . . . . . 141--155
            Arthur W. Burks and   
      Alston S. Householder and   
              N. Metropolis and   
                     S. M. Ulam   Comments on Early Monte Carlo
                                  Computations and Scientific Meetings . . 147--148
            R. D. Richtmyer and   
                 J. von Neumann   Statistical Methods in Neutron Diffusion 148--155
                      Mina Rees   The Federal Computing Machine Program    156--163
                  Eric A. Weiss   Jonathan Swift's Computing Invention . . 164--165
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 166, 177--178
                  Eric A. Weiss   Comments, Queries, and Debate: The
                                  Number 2-B Regrettor . . . . . . . . . . 167--176
            Paul E. Ceruzzi and   
                 Jean E. Sammet   Answers to Self-Study Questions: Comment
                                  on Previous Self-Study Answer and
                                  Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177--178
             M. R. Williams and   
               Rosamond W. Dana   Meetings in Retrospect: Pioneer Day
                                  7984: Lawrence Livermore National
                                  Laboratory; Twentieth Anniversary of
                                  DODCI  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179--183
                      Anonymous   News and Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . 184--184
              K. W. Smillie and   
                F. L. Bauer and   
              Ralph Erskine and   
                 Henry S. Tropp   Reviews: O. I. Franksen, Mr. Babbage's
                                  Secret; F. H. Hinsley, British
                                  Intelligence in the Second World War; T.
                                  M. Thompson, From Error-Correcting Codes
                                  Through Sphere Packings to Simple
                                  Groups; Capsule Reviews  . . . . . . . . 185--191

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 7, Number 3, July / September, 1985

                      Anonymous   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 195--195
          George E. Valley, Jr.   How the SAGE Development Began . . . . . 196--226
               James E. Tomayko   Helmut Hoelzer's Fully Electronic Analog
                                  Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227--240
                 M. R. Williams   A Course in the History of Computation   241--244
              Margaret Milligan   Biographies: Data Processing Digest:
                                  Thirty Years Before the Masthead . . . . 245--250
           John E. Griffith and   
       Herbert R. J. Grosch and   
                Werner Buchholz   Comments, Queries and Debate: More
                                  Comment on Review of IBM Journal; Still
                                  More About IBM; Editor's Note  . . . . . 251--252
                      Anonymous   News and Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . 253--255
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 255, 257--258
          Bernard A. Galler and   
                   P. M. Murphy   Anecdotes: I/O in the IBM 799 Computer;
                                  A 1940 Word Processor; . . . . . . . . . 256--256
              Eric A. Weiss and   
             Henry S. Tropp and   
              Ralph Erskine and   
             John A. N. Lee and   
                  Gwen Bell and   
                 M. R. Williams   Reviews: The Computer Museum and J.
                                  Bernstein, Three Degrees Above Zero:
                                  Bell Labs in the Information Age and D.
                                  R. Hartree, Calculating Machines: Recent
                                  and Prospective Developments and Their
                                  Impact on Mathematical Physics, and,
                                  Calculating Instruments and Machines and
                                  W. Kozaczuk, Enigma: How the German
                                  Machine Cipher Was Broken and How It Was
                                  Read by the Allies in World War Two and
                                  S. Levy, Hackers and A. Osborne and J.
                                  Dvorak, Hypergrowth: The Rise and Fall
                                  of Osborne Computer Corporation and E.
                                  W. Pugh, Memories that Shaped an
                                  Industry and Capsule Reviews . . . . . . 258--277

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 7, Number 4, October / December, 1985

                      Anonymous   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 283--283
                      Anonymous   Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284--285
                   J. A. N. Lee   Special issue, COBOL: 25th Anniversary:
                                  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286--287
                 Jean E. Sammet   Brief Summary of the Early History of
                                  COBOL  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288--303
        Charles A. Phillips and   
       Joseph F. Cunningham and   
                  John L. Jones   Recollections on the Early Days of COBOL
                                  and CODASYL  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304--310
           Joseph F. Cunningham   Reminiscences (Plus a Few Facts) . . . . 304--309
           Joseph F. Cunningham   COBOL and CODASYL Revisited  . . . . . . 310--313
                  John L. Jones   Viewpoint and Reminiscences of the
                                  Chairman of CODASYL  . . . . . . . . . . 313--315
                      Anonymous   Early Meetings of the Conference on Data
                                  Systems Languages: Languages: Summary of
                                  Meeting, May 28--29, 1959; Minutes of
                                  Meeting, July 7, 1959; Minutes of
                                  Meeting, January 7--8, 1960; Minutes of
                                  Meeting, February 12, 1960 . . . . . . . 316--325
             Jack A. Strong and   
          Richard F. Clippinger   Recollections on the Intermediate-Range
                                  Committee  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326--328
                 Jack A. Strong   The Tale of the Near Demise of COBOL at
                                  Birth  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326--327
          Richard F. Clippinger   Comments on Meeting of October 14, 1959  327--328
                      Anonymous   Meetings of the Intermediate-Range
                                  Committee: Minutes of Meeting October
                                  8--9, 1959; Minutes of Meeting October
                                  14, 1959 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329--341
             Jean E. Sammet and   
               Jerome Garfunkel   Summary of Changes in COBOL, 1960--1985  342--347
               Ben Schneiderman   The Relationship Between COBOL and
                                  Computer Science . . . . . . . . . . . . 348--352
       Hans-Joachim Albinus and   
              Isaac L. Auerbach   Anecdotes: Islamic Calendar; Howard
                                  Aiken  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353--355
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 355, 361
                 Henry S. Tropp   Meetings in Retrospect: Heinz Zemanek
                                  Honored in Vienna  . . . . . . . . . . . 356--360
                      Anonymous   Notices  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362--363
                 Saul Rosen and   
                 J. G. Brainerd   Comments, Questions, and Debate: Alfred
                                  Tarski in 1940; Comments on Minutes of
                                  Patent Conference at Moore School  . . . 364--365
            H. R. J. Grosch and   
          John C. McPherson and   
                 Henry S. Tropp   Reviews: W. J. Eckert, Punched Card
                                  Methods in Scientific Computation;
                                  Comment on Review; Reprint of
                                  Mathematical Operations with Punched
                                  Cards; D. J. Albers and G. L.
                                  Alexanderson, Mathematical People;
                                  Capsule Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 365--374, 376


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 8, Number 1, January / March, 1986

               Cuthbert C. Hurd   About This Issue: Special Issue: IBM 650
                                  ---IBM Expands the Computing World . . . 3--3
                      Anonymous   Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--6
               Cuthbert C. Hurd   Prologue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--7
                      Anonymous   Announcement: Editor's Note  . . . . . . 8--8
              T. V. Learson and   
                     C. C. Hurd   IBM Letter #4396 . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--9
                      Anonymous   Engineering: Editor's Note . . . . . . . 10--11
               Ernest S. Hughes   The SSEC and Its Carry-Over Effects on
                                  the IBM Type 650 . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--13
             F. E. Hamilton and   
                    E. C. Kubie   The IBM Magnetic Drum Calculator Type
                                  650  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--19
              George R. Trimble   The IBM 650 Magnetic Drum Calculator . . 20--29
                   E. L. Glaser   The IBM 650 and the Woodenwheel  . . . . 30--31
                      Anonymous   ``Optimum Programming'' from IBM 650
                                  Manual of Operation  . . . . . . . . . . 32--34
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--35
              Bernard A. Galler   The IBM 650 and the Universities . . . . 36--38
                     G. L. Bach   A Computer for Carnegie  . . . . . . . . 39--41
                 Alan J. Perlis   Two Thousand Words and Two Thousand
                                  Ideas --- The 650 at Carnegie  . . . . . 42--46
           Herbert A. Simon and   
                   Allen Newell   Information Processing Language V on the
                                  IBM 650  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47--49
                Donald E. Knuth   The IBM 650: An Appreciation from the
                                  Field  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--55
                    Bruce Arden   GAT: An Early Compiler and Operating
                                  System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--58
                John G. Herriot   Educational Experience with the IBM 650  59--61
                      Anonymous   Programming Aids and Applications:
                                  Editor's Note  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--62
                      Anonymous   Editor's Note  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--62
                      Anonymous   Computation Seminar, August 1955 . . . . 62--65
                    R. W. Bemer   Nearly 650 Memories of the 650 . . . . . 66--69
                   David Hemmes   FORTRANSIT Recollections . . . . . . . . 70--73
                      Anonymous   Wolontis-Bell Interpreter  . . . . . . . 74--76
                   Barry Gordon   The IBM MDDPM --- Some Recollections of
                                  a Great Machine  . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--83
                  R. R. Haefner   The IBM 650 at Savannah River  . . . . . 84--85
           George Truman Hunter   The Solution of Simultaneous Equations   86--87
               Cuthbert C. Hurd   Epilogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--88
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 89, 92--93
                      Anonymous   Notices  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--90
                      R. Moreau   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Author's
                                  Comment on Review  . . . . . . . . . . . 91--92
                Gary C. Kessler   Comment on Previous Self-Study Answer    93--93
               M. V. Wilkes and   
                  K. W. Smillie   Reviews: K. L. Wildes and N. Lindgren, A
                                  Century of Electrical Engineering and
                                  Computer Science at MIT; J. G. Kemeny
                                  and T. E. Kurtz, Back to BASIC; Capsule
                                  Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94, 96--98
                      Anonymous   Instructions for Authors . . . . . . . . 99--99
                      Anonymous   Suggestions for Authors  . . . . . . . . 100--100
                      Anonymous   Index to Volume 7, 1985: Annals of the
                                  History of Computing . . . . . . . . . . 101--111

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 8, Number 2, April / June, 1986

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 115--115
                   M. V. Wilkes   The Genesis of Microprogramming  . . . . 116--126
             William Aspray and   
             Donald deB. Beaver   Marketing the Monster: Advertising
                                  Computer Technology  . . . . . . . . . . 127--143
               Sigeru Takahashi   Early Transistor Computers in Japan  . . 144--154
                   Bob O. Evans   System/360: a Retrospective View . . . . 155--179
              Isaac L. Auerbach   The Start of IFIP --- Personal
                                  Recollections  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180--192
                      Anonymous   Notices  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193--194
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 194, 196--197
              Walter M. Carlson   Anecdotes: Computing Capacity  . . . . . 195--196
                 Roger L. Mills   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Los
                                  Angeles ACM Chapter  . . . . . . . . . . 198--198
              K. W. Smillie and   
                  Ralph Erskine   Reviews: W. Aspray, Should the Term
                                  Fifth Generation Computers Be Banned?;
                                  C. A. Deavours and L. Kruh, Machine
                                  Cryptography and Modern Cryptanalysis;
                                  Capsule Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 199--200, 202, 204--205

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 8, Number 3, July / September, 1986

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue: Special Issue: AFIPS
                                  1961--1986 --- 25th Anniversary  . . . . 211--211
                      Anonymous   Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212--215
                 Stephen S. Yau   Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216--216
           Rosamond W. Dana and   
                 Henry S. Tropp   Prologue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217--218
                      Anonymous   Brief History of AFIPS and Its
                                  Constituent Societies  . . . . . . . . . 219--224
                 Paul Armer and   
         Morton M. Astrahan and   
          Isaac L. Auerbach and   
          Walter M. Carlson and   
            Arnold A. Cohen and   
            Margaret R. Fox and   
         Claude A. R. Kagan and   
            Morris Rubinoff and   
               Jack Sherman and   
                 Willis H. Ware   Reflections on a Quarter-Century: AFIPS
                                  Founders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225--256
              Isaac L. Auerbach   Harry H. Goode, June 30, 1909--October
                                  30, 1960 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257--260
               Robert W. Rector   Personal Recollections on the First
                                  Quarter-Century of AFIPS . . . . . . . . 261--269
              Walter M. Carlson   Why AFIPS Invested in History  . . . . . 270--274
             Willis H. Ware and   
            Edwin L. Harder and   
            Bruce Gilchrist and   
                 Paul Armer and   
          Richard I. Tanaka and   
          Keith W. Uncapher and   
         Walter L. Anderson and   
              George Glaser and   
            Anthony Ralston and   
       Theodore J. Williams and   
         Albert S. Hoagland and   
        J. Ralph Leatherman and   
               Sylvia Charp and   
                 Stephen S. Yau   Perspectives on a Quarter-Century: AFIPS
                                  Presidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275--302
                 Willis H. Ware   AFIPS in Retrospect  . . . . . . . . . . 303--310
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 311, 313--314
                  Mina Rees and   
                 G. D. Austrian   Comments, Queries, and Debate: a
                                  Correction to a Review; Hollerith at
                                  Computing-Tabulating-Recording . . . . . 312--313
          Maurice V. Wilkes and   
               J. A. N. Lee and   
                Paul E. Ceruzzi   Reviews: M. Campbell-Kelly and M. R.
                                  Williams (eds.), The Moore School
                                  Lectures; Computer Museum Slide Set; K.
                                  Zuse. Der Computer, Mein Lebenswerk;
                                  Capsule Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 315--319

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 8, Number 4, October / December, 1986

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 323--323
             H. Ainsley Evesham   Origins and Development of Nomography    324--333
          Wilfried de Beauclair   Alwin Walther, IPM, and the Development
                                  of Calculator/Computer Technology in
                                  Germany, 1930--1945  . . . . . . . . . . 334--350
                 William Aspray   International Diffusion of Computer
                                  Technology, 1945--1955 . . . . . . . . . 351--360
                  Jean R. Berry   Clifford Edward Berry, 1918--1963: His
                                  Role in Early Computers  . . . . . . . . 361--369
                  Nancy Foy and   
               Leon Lukaszewicz   Anecdotes: Britain's Real-Time Club;
                                  Recollections About IFIP People  . . . . 370--373
                      Anonymous   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 373, 376--377
    Montgomery Phister, Jr. and   
             Edward W. Ver Hoef   Comments, Queries, and Debate: EDSAC
                                  Program; Memories of the 650 . . . . . . 374--375
                      Anonymous   Notices  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377--379
              Heinz Zemanek and   
               James E. Tomayko   Reviews: Stan Augarten, Bit by Bit;
                                  Dorothy Stein, Ada, A Life and a Legacy;
                                  Capsule Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 380, 382--383
                      Anonymous   Referees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383--384
                      Anonymous   Index to Volume 8, 1986, Annals of the
                                  History of Computing . . . . . . . . . . 385--397


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 9, Number 1, January / March, 1987

              Bernard A. Galler   About This Issue: Special Issue: The
                                  Burroughs B 5000 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--1
                      Anonymous   Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--5
                Robert F. Rosin   Prologue: The Burroughs B 5000 . . . . . 6--7
                  Ken T. Bement   Announcing the B 5000  . . . . . . . . . 8--9
                   R. S. Barton   New Approach to the Functional Design of
                                  a Digital Computer . . . . . . . . . . . 11--15
           William Lonergan and   
                      Paul King   Design of the B 5000 System  . . . . . . 16--22
                 Clark Oliphint   Operating System for the B 5000  . . . . 23--28
                F. B. MacKenzie   Automated Secondary Storage Management   29--35
           Robert S. Barton and   
         Henri Bercé and   
          George A. Collins and   
            Bobby A. Creech and   
              David M. Dahm and   
           Benjamin A. Dent and   
              V. James Ford and   
          Bernard A. Galler and   
            John E. S. Hale and   
             Erwin A. Hauck and   
          Joseph T. Hootman and   
               Paul D. King and   
          Norman L. Kreuder and   
        William R. Lonergan and   
           Duncan MacDonald and   
       F. Bradley MacKenzie and   
             Clark Oliphint and   
              Ralph Pearson and   
            Robert F. Rosin and   
            Lloyd D. Turner and   
               Richard Waychoff   Discussion: The Burroughs B 5000 in
                                  Retrospect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--92
              Bernard A. Galler   Epilogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--93
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 95, 107--109
                 Philip H. Dorn   Notices  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96--100
             Henry S. Tropp and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
             Philip H. Dorn and   
           James W. Cortada and   
                  Eric A. Weiss   Reviews: MacHale: George Boole. His Life
                                  and Work; Sobel: IBM vs. Japan: The
                                  Struggle for the Future; Williams: A
                                  History of Computing Technology;
                                  Winston: Misunderstanding Media; Capsule
                                  Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100--107

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 9, Number 2, April / June, 1987

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 111--112
               Allan G. Bromley   The Evolution of Babbage's Calculating
                                  Engines  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113--136
              Watts S. Humphrey   MOBIDIC and Fieldata . . . . . . . . . . 137--182
                Pesi Masani and   
              Brian Randell and   
             David K. Ferry and   
                  Richard Saeks   The Wiener Memorandum on the Mechanical
                                  Solution of Partial Differential
                                  Equations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183--197
                     B. Randell   Comments on Wiener's Memorandum  . . . . 193--194
           Ruth A. Maulucci and   
            Harry D. Huskey and   
              Maurice V. Wilkes   Happenings: ENIAC 40th Anniversary;
                                  Celebration at the Moore School; Eckert
                                  at the Computer Museum . . . . . . . . . 199--202
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 202--203, 217--218
             Henry S. Tropp and   
              Maurice V. Wilkes   Anecdotes: Babbage's Expectations for
                                  the Difference Engine  . . . . . . . . . 203--204
              Gene H. Golub and   
               Miki Neumann and   
            James W. Demmel and   
                Paul Saylor and   
             James M. Boyle and   
                  Iain Duff and   
                  Jack Dongarra   James Wilkinson (1919--1986) . . . . . . 205--210
            Werner Buchholz and   
           C. J. D. Roberts and   
           Fred Gruenberger and   
          Bruce H. Bruemmer and   
              Jakob Nielson and   
                   Paul Ceruzzi   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Babbage's
                                  Difference Engine No. 1 and the
                                  Production of Sine Tables; Query on
                                  Hexadecimal Notation; Burroughs B 5000
                                  Oral History; DASK, the first Danish
                                  Computer; Smithsonian Exhibition on
                                  Computers and Flight . . . . . . . . . . 210--213
         C. J. D. (Jim) Roberts   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Babbage's
                                  Difference Engine No. 1 and the
                                  Production of Sine Tables  . . . . . . . 210--212
             William Aspray and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
                    Nancy Stern   Reviews: Pebbles to Computers. The
                                  Thread; The Calculating Passion of Ada
                                  Byron; Other Literature  . . . . . . . . 214--217

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 9, Number 3/4, July / September, 1987

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 219--220
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Data Communications at the National
                                  Physical Laboratory (1965--1975) . . . . 221--247
                 Henry S. Tropp   The 20th Anniversary Meeting of the
                                  Association for Computing Machinery: 30
                                  August 1967  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249--270
            Grace Murray Hopper   The Education of a Computer  . . . . . . 271--281
            Michael R. Williams   Babbage and Bowditch: a Transatlantic
                                  Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283--290
                 William Aspray   An Annotated Bibliography of Secondary
                                  Sources on the History of Software . . . 291--343
           Ruth A. Maulucci and   
                   J. A. N. Lee   Happenings: The 25th Anniversary of
                                  Committee X3; The Code-Breaking
                                  Computers of 1944  . . . . . . . . . . . 345--356
                 John A. N. Lee   Happenings: The Code-Breaking Computers
                                  of 1944  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354--356
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 356--357, 381--383
             Henry S. Tropp and   
        Michael R. Williams and   
             Isaac Auerbach and   
             Irving S. Reed and   
           John von Neumann and   
                 Bobbi Mapstone   Anecdotes: Introduction; The MADDIDA;
                                  1982 Claude E. Shannon Lecture:
                                  Application Transforms to Coding and
                                  Related Topics; The von Neumann Letter;
                                  Interview with Irving S. Reed  . . . . . 357--369
            Werner Buchholz and   
              Ralph Erskine and   
                Herb Grosch and   
             William Aspray and   
               J. A. N. Lee and   
              Paul M. McConnell   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Marian
                                  Rejewski and the Chronology of Enigma;
                                  Early IBM Computer Conferences; The
                                  Computing Scene 1945--1955: Another
                                  Perspective; Response; The ENIAC
                                  Collections; Response to Query on
                                  Hexadecimal Notation . . . . . . . . . . 369--373
             William Aspray and   
          Terry S. Reynolds and   
              H. A. Evesham and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
                  David E. Rowe   Reviews: McMahon: The Making of a
                                  Profession: A Century of Electrical
                                  Engineering in America; d'Ocagne: Le
                                  Calcul Simplifié: Graphical and
                                  Mechanical Methods for Simplifying
                                  Calculations; Williams (ed.): Looking
                                  Back to Tomorrow: Reflections on
                                  Twenty-five Years of Computers in New
                                  Zealand; Richenhagen: Carl Runge
                                  (1856--1927): Von der reinen Mathematik
                                  zur Numerik; Other Literature  . . . . . 373--381
                      Anonymous   Index to Volume 9, 1987/88 . . . . . . . 387--406


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 10, Number 1, January / March, 1988

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
                      Anonymous   About the Editors  . . . . . . . . . . . 3--6
             William F. Schmitt   The UNIVAC SHORT CODE  . . . . . . . . . 7--18
                  John H. Maier   Thirty Years of Computer Science
                                  Developments in the People's Republic of
                                  China: 1956--1985  . . . . . . . . . . . 19--34
            Michael R. Williams   Introduction: The Promptuary Papers  . . 35--36
                  W. F. Hawkins   The First Calculating Machine (John
                                  Napier, 1617)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--51
                   Erwin Tomash   The Madrid Promptuary  . . . . . . . . . 52--67
           Ruth A. Maulucci and   
               Frederik Nebeker   Happenings: The ACM Conference on the
                                  History of Scientific and Numeric
                                  Computation, Princeton, New Jersey,
                                  13--15 May 1987  . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--73
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 73, 97--99
           James E. Tomayko and   
          Bruce H. Bruemmer and   
                 George Snively   Anecdotes: Introduction; General
                                  Electric Enters the Computer Business    74--78
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: John Grist Brainerd . . . . 78--79
             William Aspray and   
          Maurice V. Wilkes and   
            Albert C. Lewis and   
                Greg Mellen and   
             Harold Chucker and   
      Robert V. D. Campbell and   
              Wendy Wilkins and   
                  G. J. Tee and   
               Ernest Braun and   
              Arthur L. Norberg   Reviews: Carpenter and Doran (eds.): A.
                                  M. Turing's ACE Report of 1946 and Other
                                  Papers; Masani (ed.): Norbert Wiener:
                                  Collected Works with Commentaries;
                                  Kozaczuk: Enigma: How the German Machine
                                  Cipher Was Broken and How It Was Read by
                                  the Allies in World War Two; Worthy:
                                  William C. Norris: Portrait of a
                                  Maverick; Harvard Computation
                                  Laboratory: A Manual of Operation for
                                  the Automatic Sequence Controlled
                                  Calculator; Proceedings of a Symposium
                                  on Large-Scale Digital Calculating
                                  Machinery; Gardner: The Mind's New
                                  Science: A History of the Cognitive
                                  Revolution; Hartree: Calculating
                                  Machines: Recent and Prospective
                                  Developments and Their Impact on
                                  Mathematical Physics and Calculating
                                  Instruments and Machines; McLean and
                                  Rowland: The Inmos Saga; Pennings and
                                  Buifendam (eds.): New Technology as
                                  Organizational Innovation: The
                                  Development and Diffusion of
                                  Microelectronics; Other Literature . . . 80--97
                      Anonymous   Review: P. Masani, ed.: Norbert Wiener:
                                  Collected Works with Commentaries  . . . 81--83
            Werner Buchholz and   
              Eric A. Weiss and   
        Frances Coulborn Kohler   Comments, Queries, and Debate: IBM
                                  Customer Education Classes; Nominations
                                  Sought for History of Women in Science
                                  Prize  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--101

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 10, Number 2, April / June, 1988

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 103--103
                Paul A. Medwick   Douglas Hartree and Early Computations
                                  in Quantum Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . 105--111
             Michael S. Mahoney   The History of Computing in the History
                                  of Technology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113--125
           Ruth A. Maulucci and   
              Arthur L. Norberg   Happenings: Computing in the 21st
                                  Century: A Charles Babbage Institute
                                  Symposium  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127--132
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 133, 153--155
           James E. Tomayko and   
               Peter Hilton and   
         Richard Louis Weis and   
            Alfred Van Sinderen   Anecdotes: Alan Turing in the Home
                                  Guard; Overcoming Murphy's Law; Babbage
                                  and the Scheutz Machine at Dudley
                                  Observatory  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133--139
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: George H. Brown and Richard
                                  P. Feynman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140--142
            Werner Buchholz and   
                Herb Grosch and   
                     Saul Rosen   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Was the
                                  First Microcomputer Built in France?;
                                  Marketing the Burroughs 5000
                                  internationally; The Burroughs 5000
                                  Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142--144
             William Aspray and   
              Eric A. Weiss and   
                A. D. Booth and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
               Henry Lowood and   
           James W. Cortada and   
               Shane Greenstein   Reviews: Slater: Portraits in Silicon;
                                  Caddes: Portraits of Success,
                                  impressions of Silicon Valley Pioneers;
                                  King (ed.): Machine Translation Today:
                                  The State of the Art; The Computer;
                                  Association for Computing Machinery: The
                                  ACM History of Personal Workstations
                                  Conference: January 9 & 10, 1986, Palo
                                  Alto, California; Beniger: The Control
                                  Revolution: Technological and Economic
                                  Origins of the Information Society
                                  Flamm: Targeting the Computer,
                                  Government Support and International
                                  Competition  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144--153

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 10, Number 3, July / September, 1988

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 157--158
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Charles Babbage's Table of Logarithms
                                  (1827) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159--169
               I. Bernard Cohen   Babbage and Aiken: with notes on Henry
                                  Babbage's gift to Harvard, and to other
                                  institutions, of a portion of his
                                  father's Difference Engine . . . . . . . 171--193
              Ruth Maulucci and   
             Amy Mastrogiovanni   Happenings: Operating Systems: Some
                                  Reflections After a Meeting in Chicago   195--209
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 209, 233--234
           James E. Tomayko and   
                   A. F. Draper   Anecdotes: Fast Predictors: Computers
                                  and the U.S. Presidential Elections:
                                  UNIVAC on Election Night; IBM Computers
                                  and the Election of 1960 . . . . . . . . 209--215
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: Edmund C. Berkeley; Neil D.
                                  MacDonald; Herbert S. Bright . . . . . . 216--218
            Werner Buchholz and   
          Maurice V. Wilkes and   
     Alfred W. Van Sinderen and   
            C. J. Fern, Jr. and   
             W. L. van der Poel   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Babbage
                                  and the Colossus; Babbage and Bowditch;
                                  Two Early European Computers; Early
                                  Dutch Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218--221
             William Aspray and   
           A. R. Mackintosh and   
              Eric A. Weiss and   
              John McCarthy and   
                     M. Woodger   Reviews: Burks and Burks: The First
                                  Electronic Computer: The Atanasoff
                                  Story; Queisser: The Conquest of the
                                  Microchip; Bloomfield (ed.): The
                                  Question of Artificial Intelligence:
                                  Philosophical and Sociological
                                  Perspectives; Wilkes: Memoirs of a
                                  Computer Pioneer; Other Literature . . . 221--233
                      Anonymous   Errata: Reviews: Hartree: Calculating
                                  Machines: Recent and Prospective
                                  Developments and Their Impact on
                                  Mathematical Physics and Calculating
                                  Instruments and Machines, 10(1) 93 . . . 234--234

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 10, Number 4, October / December, 1988

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 235--239
           Eddie M. Ashmore and   
               Erwin Tomash and   
             Aaron Finerman and   
          Walter M. Carlson and   
       Jolanda L. von Hagen and   
                  Bernie Galler   Letters of Congratulations . . . . . . . 240--242
               John von Neumann   The Principles of Large-Scale Computing
                                  Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243--256
                   Paul Ceruzzi   Electronics Technology and Computer
                                  Science, 1940--1975: a Coevolution . . . 257--275
               Richard E. Smith   A Historical Overview of Computer
                                  Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277--303
             M. R. Williams and   
      Oliver B. R. Strimpel and   
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
             William Jacobs and   
                Doron Swade and   
             Joachim Fisher and   
                  W. Aspray and   
              Joyce E. Bedi and   
          Nancy R. McGovern and   
          Geoffrey Tweedale and   
             Walter Carlson and   
         Pierre E. Mounier-Kuhn   Museums and Archives: Introduction; The
                                  Computer Museum, Boston; Beyond the
                                  Limits: A New Gallery at the National
                                  Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian
                                  Institution, Washington, D.C.; The
                                  Information Age: Visions and Realities;
                                  Deutsches Museum, Munich Computer
                                  Science and Automation Hall; Charles
                                  Babbage Institute: Center for the
                                  History of Information Processing; The
                                  IEEE Center for the History of
                                  Electrical Engineering; Records in the
                                  National Archives Relating to the Early
                                  Involvement of the U.S. Government in
                                  Data Processing, 7880s to 7950s; British
                                  National Archive for the History of
                                  Computing; AFIPS History of Computing
                                  Committee; History of Computing in
                                  France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305--329
           Ruth A. Maulucci and   
                  Heinz Zemanek   Happenings: The New Department
                                  ``Informatics and Automatics'' at the
                                  Deutsches Museum in Munich . . . . . . . 329--335
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 335--336, 375--380
           James E. Tomayko and   
             Henry S. Tropp and   
                W. Buchholz and   
        Grace Murray Hopper and   
                C. Strachey and   
              Eric A. Weiss and   
          Robert M. Stewart and   
              Bernard A. Galler   Anecdotes: Origin of the Term Bit;
                                  Origin of the Word Byte; The First Bug;
                                  Whence the ``Bug''; An Impossible
                                  Program; Reminiscences of Los Alamos;
                                  Los Alamos from Below; Jonathan Swift's
                                  Computing Invention; Debugging . . . . . 336--348
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: Oh, Pioneers! . . . . . . . 348--361
          Kenneth A. Fegley and   
            S. Reid Warren, Jr.   Eloge: John Grist Brainerd (1906--1988)  361--365
            Werner Buchholz and   
           Herbert R. J. Grosch   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Early
                                  Italian Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . 365--365
                 William Aspray   Reviews: Ten Years of Annals Reviews . . 365--375
                      Anonymous   Ten Year Tables of Contents  . . . . . . 383--406
                      Anonymous   Ten Year Author Index  . . . . . . . . . 407--410
                      Anonymous   Ten Year Subject Index . . . . . . . . . 411--415
                      Anonymous   Ten Year Index to Self-Study Questions
                                  and Answers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416--419
                      Anonymous   Ten Year Index to Volume Indices . . . . 420--420
                      Anonymous   Index, Volume 10, 1988/89  . . . . . . . 423--444
   Richard H. Eckhouse, Jr. and   
               Ruth A. Maulucci   Annals of the History of Computing: 1989
                                  Calendar: A Microcosm of Computer
                                  History  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445--473


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 11, Number 1, January / March, 1989

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
             William Aspray and   
              Michael Gunderloy   Early Computing and Numerical Analysis
                                  at the National Bureau of Standards  . . 3--12
                 John H. Curtis   The National Applied Mathematics
                                  Laboratories --- A Prospectus  . . . . . 13--18, 20--30
                 John H. Curtis   The Program of a Large Computation
                                  Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--41
           James E. Tomayko and   
            Ralf Bülow and   
       Herbert R. J. Grosch and   
                  John D. Elson   Anecdotes: The Windmill Computer---An
                                  Eyewitness Report of the Scheutz
                                  Difference Engine; In Von Braun Country;
                                  Origins of Terms [Winchester Disk and
                                  UNIX]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43--48
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 43, 61--64
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: Morton Michael Astrahan,
                                  1925--1988; James L. Buie, 1920--1988;
                                  George S. Dively, 1903--1988; Rita
                                  Goldberg Minker, 1927--1988; Lewis
                                  Winner, 1906--1988; Abacus, 1983--1988   49--51
              Eric A. Weiss and   
                  Rex Malik and   
               H. E. Salzer and   
                 The Editor and   
           Herbert R. J. Grosch   Comments, Queries, and Debate: The Real
                                  Time Club; New York Mathematical Tables
                                  Project; Early Small Computers; Ada's
                                  First Stirring . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--54
             William Aspray and   
              Kenneth Flamm and   
            Ralf Bülow and   
               Charles Hall and   
                    Doron Swade   Reviews: Dorfman: Innovation and Market
                                  Structure: Lessons from the Computer and
                                  Semiconductor Industries; Herken: The
                                  Universal Machine: A Half-Century
                                  Survey; Lindgren: Glory and Failure: The
                                  Difference Engines of Johann Muller,
                                  Charles Babbage and Georg and Edvard
                                  Scheutz; Stein: Ada: Life and Legacy . . 54--60

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 11, Number 2, April / June, 1989

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--68
                John H. Curtiss   The National Applied Mathematics
                                  Laboratories of the National Bureau of
                                  Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--98
               William J. Jones   MGDPS and DSDPS --- two stages of an
                                  early operating system . . . . . . . . . 99--108
        Montgomery Phister, Jr.   Quotron II: an early multiprogrammed
                                  multiprocessor for the communication of
                                  stock market data  . . . . . . . . . . . 109--126
                Harold A. Layer   Microcomputer history and prehistory ---
                                  an archaeological beginning  . . . . . . 127--130
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 131, 155--157
           James E. Tomayko and   
                Alan Perlis and   
          Bernard A. Galler and   
                David Gries and   
                  Doug Ross and   
                      Mary Shaw   Anecdotes: Twenty Year Retrospective:
                                  The NATO Software Engineering
                                  Conferences; Thoughts on Software
                                  Engineering; My Thoughts on Software
                                  Engineering in the Late 1960s; The NATO
                                  Conferences from the Perspective of an
                                  Active Software Engineer; Remembrances
                                  of a Graduate Student  . . . . . . . . . 131--143
                      Mary Shaw   Anecdotes: Remembrances of a Graduate
                                  Student  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141--143
              Eric A. Weiss and   
                Thomas E. Kurtz   Biographies: Obituary: The Computer and
                                  Information Systems Program at Dartmouth
                                  College (CIS)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143--143
            Werner Buchholz and   
                 Saul Rosen and   
       Benjamin L. Schwartz and   
               Saul I. Gass and   
               Caxton C. Foster   Comments, Queries, and Debate: The
                                  Atanasoff Story --- Comment on Book
                                  Review; The Invention of Linear
                                  Programming; Comments on the History of
                                  Linear Programming; Applied Math 218 . . 144--152
             William Aspray and   
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Reviews: Flamm: Creating the Computer:
                                  Government, Industry and High
                                  Technology;  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152, 154--155

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 11, Number 3, July / September, 1989

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 159--159
              Jean R. Brink and   
                C. Roland Haden   Prologue: The Computer and the Brain: An
                                  International Symposium in Commemoration
                                  of John von Neumann (1903--1957) . . . . 161--163
                      Anonymous   Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164--164
                 William Aspray   Discussion: John von Neumann --- A Case
                                  Study of Scientific Creativity . . . . . 165--169
             Nicholas Vonneuman   John von Neumann: Formative Years  . . . 171--175
              Jean R. Brink and   
                   Roland Haden   Interviews with Edward Teller and Eugene
                                  P. Wigner  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177--178
                  Jean R. Brink   John von Neumann Reconsidered  . . . . . 179--181
          Dénes Nagy and   
       Péter Horvath and   
                    Ferenc Nagy   The von Neumann--Ortvay Connection . . . 183--188
                 William Aspray   John von Neumann's Contributions to
                                  Computing and Computer Science . . . . . 189--195
          Terrence J. Sejnowski   The Computer and the Brain Revisited . . 197--201
                  Ruth Maulucci   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203--206
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 206--207, 232--233
           James E. Tomayko and   
        Lawrence W. Langley and   
                Juris Reinfelds   Anecdotes: a Critical Incident; The
                                  First Port of UNIX . . . . . . . . . . . 207--210
              Eric A. Weiss and   
                  Heinz Zemanek   Biographies: Eloge: Adriaan van
                                  Wijngaarden (1916--1987); Robert A.
                                  Henle, 1925--1989  . . . . . . . . . . . 210--225
            Werner Buchholz and   
              Anthony Hyman and   
            Ralf Bülow and   
          Bernard A. Galler and   
                    Jack Minker   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Babbage
                                  Studies; An Ecological Computing
                                  Machine; The University of Michigan's
                                  B-5000 Decision; ACM 20th Anniversary
                                  Meeting  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225--229
             William Aspray and   
                  Eric A. Weiss   Reviews: Smith and Alexander: Fumbling
                                  the Future: How Xerox Invented, then
                                  Ignored the First Personal Computer;
                                  Nash: A History of Scientific
                                  Computation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230--232

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 11, Number 4, October / December, 1989

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 235--235
                      Anonymous   History of Computing in France . . . . . 237--240
                      Anonymous   Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241--242
                  Henri Boucher   Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243--245
               Girolamo Ramunni   Louis Couffignal, 1902--1966:
                                  Informatics Pioneer in France? . . . . . 247--256
         Pierre E. Mounier-Kuhn   The Institut Blaise-Pascal (1946--1969)
                                  from Couffignal's Machine to Artificial
                                  Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257--261
  François-Henri Raymond   An Adventure with a Sad Ending: The SEA  263--277
         Pierre E. Mounier-Kuhn   Bull: a World-Wide Company Born in
                                  Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279--297
                 Jacques Vernay   IBM France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299--311
            Michael R. Williams   Museums and Archives . . . . . . . . . . 313--319
                   J. A. N. Lee   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319--321
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 321--322, 333--335
           James E. Tomayko and   
     Nicholas C. Metropolis and   
            R. D. Richtmyer and   
                 John A. N. Lee   Anecdotes: The Case Against Automatic
                                  Programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322--326
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: Obituaries: William B.
                                  Shockley, 1910--1989; Jan A. Rajchman,
                                  1911--1989; Gordon D. Goldstein,
                                  1917--1989; John E. Ward, 1920--1988;
                                  Kent K. Curtis, 1927--1987 . . . . . . . 326--329
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
             John A. N. Lee and   
           Susan A. Bradley and   
             Donald deB. Beaver   Reviews: a New Beginning; Reid:
                                  Computers and Chips; Howell: John von
                                  Neumann, Inventors and Discoverers;
                                  Lundstrom: A Few Good Men from Univac;
                                  Perrolle: Computers and Social Change:
                                  Information, Property, and Power . . . . 329--338
                      Anonymous   Index to Volume 11, 1989 . . . . . . . . 337, 339--354


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 12, Number 1, January / March, 1990

                 John A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--1
         Pierre-E. Mounier-Kuhn   Specifications of Twelve Early Computers
                                  Made in France . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--4
                  Bruno Leclerc   From Gamma 2 to Gamma E.T.: The Birth of
                                  Electronic Computing at Bull . . . . . . 5--22
          Dimitri Starynkevitch   The SEA CAB 500 Computer . . . . . . . . 23--29
          Peggy Aldrich Kidwell   American Scientists and Calculating
                                  Machines --- From Novelty to Commonplace 31--40
                    F. L. Bauer   The Cellar Principle of State Transition
                                  and Storage Allocation . . . . . . . . . 41--49
                   J. A. N. Lee   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--55
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 55--55
           James E. Tomayko and   
          Bruce H. Bruemmer and   
              Herbert S. Bright   Anecdotes: Early Computer User Groups;
                                  Computer User Groups [1960]  . . . . . . 55--61
              Eric A. Weiss and   
                    David Gries   Biographies: Andri Petrovich Ershov
                                  (1931--1988) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--62
            Werner Buchholz and   
           R. Anthony Hyman and   
          Maurice V. Wilkes and   
           Richard E. Smith and   
           George T. Jacobi and   
             Alice R. Burks and   
            Arthur W. Burks and   
           I. Bernard Cohen and   
     I. O. Grattan-Guinness and   
                 S. I. Gass and   
                   Mike Woodger   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Whiggism
                                  in the History of Science and the Study
                                  of the Life and Work of Charles Babbage;
                                  Whirlwind and Microprogramming; More on
                                  Wilkes, Whirlwind, and Microprogramming;
                                  Pioneer Biographies; The Atanasoff Story
                                  --- A Response; Notes on Babbage, Aiken,
                                  and Bowditch; Joseph Fourier's
                                  Anticipation of Linear Programming; What
                                  Does BNF Stand for?  . . . . . . . . . . 62--72
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
                Ralf Bülow   Reviews: Nijholt: Computers and
                                  Languages: Theory and Practice;
                                  Kawasaki: The Macintosh Way; Fang: Tools
                                  of Communication: The Computer Story;
                                  Otnes: Keuffel and Esser Slide Rules . . 72--73

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 12, Number 2, April / June, 1990

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--77
        Georges-Louis Baron and   
         Pierre-E. Mounier-Kuhn   Computer science at the CNRS and in
                                  French universities. A gradual
                                  institutional recognition  . . . . . . . 79--87
         Pierre E. Mounier-Kuhn   Computer Sciences at the University of
                                  Grenoble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--89
                 Jean Kuntzmann   Informatics at the University of
                                  Grenoble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91--93
             Jean-Pierre Verjus   Programming in Grenoble in the 1960s and
                                  those who Flew from the Nest . . . . . . 95--101
               Leon Lukaszewicz   On the Beginnings of Computer
                                  Development in Poland  . . . . . . . . . 103--107
                Ralf Bülow   Three Inventors --- Scenes from Early
                                  German Computing History . . . . . . . . 109--126
                   J. A. N. Lee   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127--128
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 128--130
           James E. Tomayko and   
                  Bob Bemer and   
               Ernie Lassen and   
                 Robert Johnson   Anecdotes: More on General Electric's
                                  Start in the Computer Business; Dr.
                                  Robert Johnson Interview; Comments on
                                  Interview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130--137
              Eric E. Weiss and   
          Geoffrey Tweedale and   
                  Heinz Zemanek   Biographies: Alan J. Perlis, 1922--1990;
                                  Bertram Vivian Bowden, 1910--1989;
                                  William P. Hanf, 1933--1989; Marcel
                                  Linsman, 1913--1989; Harriett B. Rigas,
                                  1933--1989; Louis Robinson, 1926--1985;
                                  An Interview with Jan Rajchman . . . . . 137--146
            Werner Buchholz and   
        Donald Watts Davies and   
                   Mark Halpern   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Babbage's
                                  Friend; Errors in the FORTRAN Issue  . . 147--147
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
      Martin Campbell-Kelly and   
           Charles Susskind and   
                  K. W. Smillie   Reviews: Ceruzzi: Beyond the Limits:
                                  Flight Enters the Computer Age;
                                  Staudenmaier: Technology's Storytellers:
                                  Reweaving the Human Fabric; Bijker,
                                  Hughes, and Pinch: The Social
                                  Construction of Technological Systems:
                                  New Directions in the Sociology and
                                  History of Technology; Van Creveld,
                                  Martin. Technology and War: From 2000
                                  B.C. to the Present; Rifkin and Harrar:
                                  The Ultimate Entrepreneur: The Story of
                                  Ken Olsen and Digital Equipment
                                  Corporation; Time-Life Books, eds.
                                  Understanding Computers Vol. 24:
                                  Illustrated Chronology and Index; Lee:
                                  Winning with People: The First 40 Years
                                  of Tektronix; Searle: The Bombsight War:
                                  Norden vs. Sperry; Kruh: Tales of
                                  Yardley: Some Sidelights to his Career;
                                  IEEE Scientific Supercomputer
                                  Subcommittee. The Computer Spectrum: A
                                  perspective on the Evolution of
                                  Computing; Forester. High-Tech Society;
                                  The Computer: A Hawkhill Learning Power
                                  Book; Molina: The Social Basis of the
                                  Microelectronics Revolution  . . . . . . 147--152

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 12, Number 3, July / September, 1990

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 157--157
                        C. Pair   CRIN: The History of a Laboratory  . . . 159--166
               Colette Hoffsaes   The French Society of Computer
                                  Scientists: AFCET  . . . . . . . . . . . 167--176
            I. Grattan-Guinness   Work for the Hairdressers: The
                                  Production of de Prony's Logarithmic and
                                  Trigonometric Tables . . . . . . . . . . 177--185
             Helmut T. Schreyer   An Experimental Model of an Electronic
                                  Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187, 189--197
                   J. A. N. Lee   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199--203
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 204--204
           James E. Tomayko and   
          A. S. (Sandy) Douglas   Anecdotes: For the Record: Pioneering
                                  Days in British Computing  . . . . . . . 205--209
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
           Calvin N. Mooers and   
               Emil Friberg and   
             William Aspray and   
                    Herman Berg   Reviews: Lilley and Trice. A History of
                                  Information Science 1945--1985; Crandall
                                  and Flamm, eds: Changing the Rules:
                                  Technological Change, International
                                  Competition, and Regulation in
                                  Communications; Yates: Control Through
                                  Communication: The Rise of System in
                                  American Management; Killen: IBM: The
                                  Making of the Common View  . . . . . . . 210--213

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 12, Number 4, October / December, 1990

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 217--218
                 Albert Amouyal   The Beginnings of Computing Activities
                                  at the Atomic Energy Authority,
                                  1952--1972 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219--225
                  Henri Boucher   Informatics in the Defense Industry  . . 227--240
                  Heinz Zemanek   A Look into the Future of Information
                                  Processing (Translated by Werner
                                  Buchholz)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241--251
                  Heinz Zemanek   Another Look into the Future of
                                  Information Processing, 20 Years Later   253--260
                   J. A. N. Lee   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261--264
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 267--268
           James E. Tomayko and   
            David J. Koepke and   
                 James C. Emery   Anecdotes: The Evolution of Software
                                  Design Ideas; Structured Programming . . 269--276
              Eric A. Weiss and   
            Richard Canning and   
                John M. Bennett   Biographies: Obituaries: José Garcia
                                  Santesmases, 1907--1989; Roy Nutt,
                                  1931--1990; Florence Jessie MacWilliams,
                                  1917--1990; Charlotte Boschan,
                                  1920--1990; Memoirs: Early Days of
                                  Electronics at IBM; Early Computer Days
                                  in Britain and Australia --- Some
                                  Autobiographical Snippets  . . . . . . . 277--285
            Werner Buchholz and   
               Gregory D. Crowe   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Soviet
                                  BESM Computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286--286
               Michael Williams   Museums and Archives . . . . . . . . . . 287--290
               Paul Caruzzi and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
                     Eric Weiss   Reviews: Hyman, (ed.): Science and
                                  Reform. Selected Works of Charles
                                  Babbage; Goldberg (ed.): A History of
                                  Personal Workstations  . . . . . . . . . 291--293
                      Anonymous   Index to Volume 12 . . . . . . . . . . . 297, 299--309


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 13, Number 1, January / March, 1991

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
            Michael A. Cusumano   Factory Concepts and Practices in
                                  Software Development . . . . . . . . . . 3--32
                 Jean E. Sammet   Some Approaches to, and Illustrations
                                  of, Programming Language History . . . . 33--50
                   J. A. N. Lee   Guidelines for the Documentation of
                                  Segments of the History of Computing . . 51--62
        Irving L. Wieselman and   
                   Erwin Tomash   Marks on Paper: Part 1. A Historical
                                  Survey of Computer Output Printing . . . 63--79
                   J. A. N. Lee   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81--88
                    Doron Swade   The construction of Charles Babbage's
                                  difference engine  . . . . . . . . . . . 82--83
                   J. A. N. Lee   Self-Study Questions . . . . . . . . . . 88--90
                Robert L. Glass   `Project that failed' that succeeded . . 91
           James E. Tomayko and   
               J. A. N. Lee and   
                 Martin Rem and   
                David Gries and   
             Andrzej Blikle and   
                Robert L. Glass   Anecdotes: Frontiers of Computing: A
                                  Tribute to Edsger W. Dijkstra on the
                                  occasion of his 60th birthday University
                                  of Texas (Austin) 10--11 May 1990  . . . 91--100
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: Obituary: AFIPS: 1961--1991 100--101
                   Mark Halpern   Memoir: On the heels of the pioneers . . 101--111
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
              Kenneth Flamm and   
      Peggy Aldrich Kidwell and   
       Herbert R. J. Grosch and   
                 John A. N. Lee   Reviews: Campbell-Kelly: ICL: A Business
                                  and Technical History; Aspray: Computing
                                  Before Computers; Watson and Petre:
                                  Father, Son & Co.; Asimov and Frenkel:
                                  Robots: Machines in Man's Image; McNeil:
                                  An Encyclopedia of the History of
                                  Technology; Byte: Fifteenth Anniversary
                                  Summit; Deavours and Kruh: The Turing
                                  Bombe: Was it Enough?; Pearcey: A
                                  History of Australian Computing; Aspray:
                                  The Origins of John von Neumann's Theory
                                  of Automata; Crossley and Henry: Thus
                                  Spake al-Khwarizmi: a Translation of the
                                  text of Cambridge University Library Ms.
                                  li.vi.5; Fauvel and Gerdes: African
                                  Slave and Calculating Prodigy:
                                  Bicentenary of the Death of Thomas
                                  Fuller; Marling: Maestro of Many
                                  Keyboards [brief biography of Donald
                                  Knuth] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111--117
                  Kenneth Flamm   Review: Martin Campbell-Kelly: ICL: A
                                  Business and Technical History . . . . . 111--113
                   J. A. N. Lee   Answers to Self-Study Questions  . . . . 117--120

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 13, Number 2, April / June, 1991

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 123--124
     Alfred W. Van Sinderen and   
            Michael R. Williams   Happy Birthday Mr. Babbage . . . . . . . 125--139
              Maurice V. Wilkes   Babbage's Expectations for his Engines   141--145
              Maurice V. Wilkes   Pray Mr. Babbage --- A character study
                                  in dramatic form . . . . . . . . . . . . 147--154
                 Paul McConnell   Some Early Computers for Aviators  . . . 155--177
               Donald MacKenzie   The Influence of the Los Alamos and
                                  Livermore National Laboratories on the
                                  Development of Supercomputing  . . . . . 179--201
        Irving L. Wieselman and   
                   Erwin Tomash   Marks on Paper: Part 2. A Historical
                                  Survey of Computer Output Printing . . . 203--222
                 John A. N. Lee   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223--227
                 Jean E. Sammet   Harvard Business School MIS history
                                  project self-study questions . . . . . . 228
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions & Answers  . . . . . 228--228
              Eric A. Weiss and   
              Carolyn E. Tajnai   Biographies: Arthur L. Samuel
                                  (1901--1990); John Bardeen (1908--1991);
                                  Velma E. R. Huskey (1917--1991); . . . . 229--230
            Werner Buchholz and   
             Philip H. Dorn and   
                     Paul Armer   Comments, Queries, and Debate:
                                  Correction to ``Early Computer User
                                  Groups'', by Herbert S. Bright, Vol. 12,
                                  No. 1, 1990; A Further Correction to
                                  ``Early Computer User Groups'', by
                                  Herbert S. Bright, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1990; 230--231
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
                  Eric A. Weiss   Reviews: Penzias: Ideas and Information:
                                  Managing in a High-tech World; Rose:
                                  West of Eden: The End of Innocence at
                                  Apple Computer; Lindgren: Glory &
                                  Failure: the Difference Engines of
                                  Johann Müller, Charles Babbage, and
                                  Edvard Scheutz; Jennings: The Devouring
                                  Fungus: Tales of the Computer Age;
                                  Norberg: High Technology Calculation in
                                  the Early 20th Century: Punched Card
                                  Machinery in Business and Government;
                                  Hall and Barry: Sunburst: The Ascent of
                                  Sun Microsystems; Heppenheimer: How von
                                  Neumann Showed the Way; Aspray: Back to
                                  Basics: The Stored Program Concept;
                                  Rosen: The Origins of Modern Computing;
                                  Taylor: In Memoriam: J.C.R. Licklider,
                                  1915--1990; Mounier-Kuhn: Genese de
                                  l'informatique en France (1945--1965):
                                  Diffusion de l'innovation et transfert
                                  de technologie; Eisler: My Life with the
                                  Printed Circuit  . . . . . . . . . . . . 231--234
                      Anonymous   Answers to self-study questions  . . . . 234

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 13, Number 3, July / September, 1991

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 235--235
                Paul E. Ceruzzi   When Computers Were Human  . . . . . . . 237--244
               F. W. Kistermann   The Invention and Development of the
                                  Hollerith Punched Card: In Commemoration
                                  of the 130th Anniversary of the Birth of
                                  Herman Hollerith and for the 100th
                                  Anniversary of Large Scale Data
                                  Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245--259
                     Lars Heide   From Invention to Production: The
                                  Development of Punched-card Machines by
                                  F. R. Bull and K. A. Knutsen 1918--1930  261--272
                   Judy O'Neill   Happenings: The 30th Anniversary of the
                                  Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-1;
                                  Fernando J. Corbató Receives the ACM's A.
                                  M. Turing Award; Conferences . . . . . . 273--277
           James E. Tomayko and   
               Shane Greenstein   Anecdotes: The Tape Story Tapestry:
                                  Historical Research with Inaccessible
                                  Digital Information Technologies;  . . . 277--285
               Shane Greenstein   Anecdotes: The Tape Story Tapestry:
                                  Historical Research with Inaccessible
                                  Digital Information Technologies . . . . 278--285
              Eric A. Weiss and   
               Roland Ibett and   
                     D. J. Rees   Biographies: Obituaries: John Bardeen,
                                  1909--1991; Sidney Fernbach, 1918--1991;
                                  Sidney Michaelson, 1926--1991; Charles
                                  R. Mollenhoff, 1922--1991  . . . . . . . 285--289
                  Eric A. Weiss   Erratum: [Mark Halpern, ``On the heels
                                  of the pioneers''] . . . . . . . . . . . 289--290
                Harry D. Huskey   Memoir: The Early Days . . . . . . . . . 290--306
            Werner Buchholz and   
                Herb Grosch and   
             Pierre Hillion and   
        Michael F. Weisbard and   
             Alice R. Burks and   
            Arthur W. Burks and   
                   J. A. N. Lee   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Early
                                  Computing Courses; Computing in the
                                  French Army; Corrections to Volume 12,
                                  Number 4; Atanasoff Award; Reply to
                                  Burks and Burks on the Atanasoff Award   306--308
                    Herb Grosch   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Early
                                  Computing Courses  . . . . . . . . . . . 306--307
                 Pierre Hillion   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Computing
                                  in the French Army . . . . . . . . . . . 307--307
            Michael F. Weisbard   Corrections: About this Issue, 12(4) . . 307--308
             Alice R. Burks and   
                Arthur W. Burks   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Atanasoff
                                  Award  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308--308
                   J. A. N. Lee   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Reply to
                                  Burks and Burks on the Atanasoff Award   308--308
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
             Martin Collins and   
            Nathan Reingold and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
                   Steven Lubar   Reviews: Bruemmer and Hocheiser: The
                                  High Technology Company: A Historical
                                  and Archival Guide; Cortada: Archives of
                                  Data-Processing History, a Guide to
                                  Major U.S. Collections; Blum and Duncan:
                                  A History of Medical Informatics;
                                  Editor's Note: Vincenti book review;
                                  Vincenti: What Engineers Know and How
                                  They Know it: Analytical Studies from
                                  Aeronautical History . . . . . . . . . . 308--313
                 Martin Collins   Review: Bruemmer and Hocheiser: The High
                                  Technology Company: a Historical and
                                  Archival Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308--310
                Nathan Reingold   Review: Cortada: Archives of
                                  Data-Processing History, a Guide to
                                  Major U.S. Collections . . . . . . . . . 310--311
                  K. W. Smillie   Review: Blum and Duncan: a History of
                                  Medical Informatics  . . . . . . . . . . 311--311
                   Paul Ceruzzi   Review: Editor's Note: Vincenti book
                                  review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311--312
                   Steven Lubar   Review: Vincenti: What Engineers Know
                                  and How They Know it: Analytical Studies
                                  from Aeronautical History  . . . . . . . 312--313

Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 13, Number 4, October / December, 1991

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 315--316
                  Gerald Estrin   The WEIZAC Years (1954--1963)  . . . . . 317--339
                J. Lesourne and   
                      R. Armand   A Brief History of the First Decade of
                                  SEMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341--349
                  David Allison   Museums and archives. Musée national des
                                  techniques. Conservatoire national des
                                  arts et Métiers. National Museum of
                                  American History, Smithsonian
                                  Institution Publications and Artifacts.
                                  Unisys donates Burroughs historical
                                  records to Charles Babbage Institute.
                                  Digital Equipment Corporation's
                                  historical collection program  . . . . . 351--353
               Judy O'Neill and   
               J. A. N. Lee and   
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
                    Gail Jennes   Happenings. Sumptuous piece of
                                  engineering sculpture. Babbage stamp
                                  issued. Fifty years of
                                  program-controlled calculating machines.
                                  Celebration at the Deutsches Museum.
                                  People and computers exhibition opens at
                                  the computer museum. Deutsches Museum
                                  workshop on the technical history of
                                  electrical information technology.
                                  International congress of history of
                                  science. Technological competitiveness
                                  conference, Center for the History of
                                  Electrical Engineering. Adelle and Erwin
                                  Tomash Fellowship in the history of
                                  information processing new book in
                                  progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353--358
                 Jean E. Sammet   Self-Study Questions . . . . . . . . . . 358--359
           James E. Tomayko and   
                Roy R. Weil and   
             John H. Palmer and   
                 Harry Polachek   Anecdotes: What is this. And that? First
                                  bug-discussion. Thomas J. Watson Sr. and
                                  the perfect computer . . . . . . . . . . 359--362
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: Obituaries: [Saul Rosen,
                                  1922--1991]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362--363
            Werner Buchholz and   
                  Eric A. Weiss   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Free
                                  computer identification service  . . . . 363--363
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
              Eric A. Weiss and   
          John Walker Mauer and   
             Thomas Drucker and   
      Peggy Aldrich Kidwell and   
                  K. W. Smillie   Reviews: Grosch: Computer: Bit slices
                                  from a life; Tomayko: Computers in
                                  spaceflight: The NASA Experience; Bülow:
                                  Denk, Maschine! Geschichten über Robotor,
                                  computer und Kunstliche Inteligenz;
                                  Napier: Rabdology; Charlesworth:
                                  Calculators & Computers; Calculators &
                                  Computers --- The 20th Century;
                                  Transistors. Forty years of computing,
                                  Datamation; Bennett: The industrial
                                  instrument --- Master of industry,
                                  servant of management: Automatic control
                                  in the process industries, 1900--1940.
                                  Kapera: The Enigma Bulletin  . . . . . . 364--368
                      Anonymous   Answers to self-study questions  . . . . 369


Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 14, Number 3, July / September, 1992

              David J. Crawford   Autoscritcher and the superscritcher:
                                  Aids to cryptanalysis of the German
                                  Enigma cipher machine, 1944--1946  . . . 9--22
               Jan van den Ende   Tidal calculations in The Netherlands,
                                  1920--1960 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--33
            I. Grattan-Guinness   Charles Babbage as an Algorithmic
                                  Thinker  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--48
                   Judy O'Neill   Happenings: List of Artifact Collectors;
                                  The Second ACM SIGPLAN History of
                                  Programming Languages Conference
                                  (HOPL-II); Delay in European History of
                                  Computing Conference; IEEE Computer
                                  Society Awards [Werner Buchholz, Bob O.
                                  Evans, Robert W. Floyd, and Thomas E.
                                  Kurtz]; SHOT Special Interest Group:
                                  Information, Computing, and Society;
                                  Admiral Grace Murray Hopper Scholarship
                                  - Society of Women Engineers; IBM Club
                                  Böblingen, Germany; Smithsonian
                                  Institution Libraries Study Grants . . . 49--52
           James E. Tomayko and   
             Harry Polachek and   
              Eric A. Weiss and   
           Richard L. Wexelblat   Anecdotes: UNIVAC Trounces Its Own
                                  Creator; HAL 9000 (1992?-2001); Favorite
                                  Hack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52--54
              Eric A. Weiss and   
        Michael R. Williams and   
           John W. Carr III and   
                    Noah Prywes   Biographies: Eloge: Arthur Lee Samuel
                                  (1901--1990); Joseph Clement: The First
                                  Computer Engineer; Saul Gorn
                                  (1913--1992) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--77
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
             Philip H. Dorn and   
               Joyce M. Wheeler   Reviews: Simon: Models of My Life; BBC
                                  Television, The Dream Machine  . . . . . 77--80


Journal of the American Statistical Association
Volume 37, Number ??, June, 1942

                J. C. McPherson   Mathematical Operations with Punched
                                  Cards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275--281


The Bell System Technical Journal
Volume 27, Number 3, July, 1948

                 Claude Shannon   A Mathematical Theory of Communication   379--423

The Bell System Technical Journal
Volume 27, Number 4, October, 1948

                 Claude Shannon   A Mathematical Theory of Communication
                                  (continued)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 623--656


American Mathematical Monthly
Volume 65, Number 1, January, 1958

                  John W. Tukey   The Teaching of Concrete Mathematics . . 1--9


IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers
Volume EC-8, Number 2, June, 1959

   Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. and   
           Gerrit A. Blaauw and   
                Werner Buchholz   Processing Data in Bits and Pieces . . . 118--124


ACM SIG{}PLAN Notices
Volume 13, Number 8, August, 1978

              A. D. Falkoff and   
                  K. E. Iverson   The evolution of APL . . . . . . . . . . 47--57


International journal of engineering science
Volume 79, Number 12, 1981

          Ole Immanuel Franksen   Mr. Babbage, the Difference Engine, and
                                  the Problem of Notation: An Account of
                                  the Origin of Recursiveness and
                                  Conditionals in Computer Programming . . 1657--1694


Annals of Science
Volume 38, Number 3, 1981

                Nathan Reingold   Refugee mathematicians in the United
                                  States of America, 1933--1941: reception
                                  and reaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313--338


Pennsylvania Gazette
Volume ??, Number ??, October, 1982

                Marshall Ledger   The Case of the ENIAC  . . . . . . . . . 30--35
                Marshall Ledger   The ENIAC's Muddled History  . . . . . . 29--33
                Marshall Ledger   Letters [on the ENIAC] . . . . . . . . . 3--4
                Marshall Ledger   Letters [on the ENIAC] . . . . . . . . . 8--8
                Marshall Ledger   Letters [on the ENIAC] . . . . . . . . . 6--8
                Marshall Ledger   Letters [on the ENIAC] . . . . . . . . . 12--12


IEEE Micro
Volume 4, Number 1, February, 1984

           Derek de Solla Price   A History of Calculating Machines  . . . 22--52


IEEE Spectrum
Volume 21, Number 7, July, 1984

               Robert Rosenberg   The Origins of EE Education: a Matter of
                                  Degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60--68


Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching
Volume ??, Number ??, Spring, 1985

                 William Aspray   Should the Term \em Fifth Generation
                                  Computers Be Banned? . . . . . . . . . . 36--38


Computer
Volume 22, Number 11, November, 1989

IEEE Scientific Supercomputer Subcommittee   The computer spectrum: a perspective on
                                  the evolution of computing . . . . . . . 57--63


Cryptologia
Volume 13, Number 4, October, 1989

                     Louis Kruh   Tales of Yardley: Some Sidelights to His
                                  Career . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327


Historische B{\"u}rowelt
Volume 24, July, 1989

                Robert K. Otnes   Keuffel and Esser Slide Rules  . . . . . 15--21


IEEE Spectrum
Volume ??, Number ??, September, 1989

                   Lloyd Searle   The Bombsight War: Norden Vs. Sperry . . 60--64
                 William Aspray   Back to Basics: The Stored Program
                                  Concept  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--51


Historia Mathematica
Volume 17, Number 2, May, 1990

           John N. Crossley and   
                  Alan S. Henry   Thus spake al-Kh\=awarizmi: a
                                  translation of the text of Cambridge
                                  University Library Ms. II.vi.5 . . . . . 103--131


Cryptologia
Volume 14, Number 4, October, 1990

             C. A. Deavours and   
                     Louis Kruh   The Turing Bombe: Was it Enough? . . . . 331--349


Historia Mathematica
Volume 17, Number 2, May, 1990

                John Fauvel and   
                  Paulus Gerdes   African Slave and Calculating Prodigy:
                                  Bicentenary of the Death of Thomas
                                  Fuller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141--151


American Heritage of Invention and Technology
Papers beginning Fall, 1990

             T. A. Heppenheimer   How von Neumann Showed the Way . . . . . 8--16
                William Marling   Maestro of Many Keyboards  . . . . . . . 


Culture Technique
Volume ??, Number ??, September, 1990

         Pierre-E. Mounier-Kuhn   Gen\`ese de l'informatique en France
                                  (1945--1965): Diffusion de l'innovation
                                  et transfert de technologie  . . . . . . 35--46


Technology and Culture
Volume 31, Number ??, October, 1990

                 Arthur Norberg   High Technology Calculation in the Early
                                  20th Century: Punched Card Machinery in
                                  Business and Government  . . . . . . . . 753--779


Computing Reviews
Volume ??, Number ??, September, 1990

                     Saul Rosen   The Origins of Modern Computing  . . . . 450--581


Technology and Culture
Volume 32, Number ??, January, 1991

                 Stuart Bennett   The industrial instrument --- Master of
                                  industry, servant of management:
                                  Automatic control in the process
                                  industries, 1900--1940 . . . . . . . . . 69--81


New Scientist
Volume ??, Number ??, April 6, 1991

              Kate Charlesworth   Calculators & Computers . . . . . . . . . 49--49
              Kate Charlesworth   Calculators & Computers --- The 20th
                                  Century  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--53
              Kate Charlesworth   Transistors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--49


Communications of the ACM
Volume 53, Number 12, December, 2010

            Mark Smotherman and   
                     Dag Spicer   IBM's single-processor supercomputer
                                  efforts  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--30


The Computer Journal
Volume 7, Number 4, January, 1965

                    C. Strachey   Letter to the Editor: An impossible
                                  program  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313--313