Table of contents for issues of American Mathematical Monthly

Last update: Thu Jan 4 10:21:19 MST 2018                Valid HTML 3.2!

Volume 90, Number 3, 1983
Volume 92, Number 7, 1985
Volume 2, Number 8, August, 1959
Volume 2, Number 11, November, 1959
Volume 2, Number 12, December, 1959
Volume 3, Number 1, January, 1960
Volume 3, Number 2, February, 1960
Volume 3, Number 3, March, 1960
Volume 3, Number 4, April, 1960
Volume 3, Number 5, May, 1960
Volume 3, Number 6, June, 1960
Volume 3, Number 7, July, 1960
Volume 3, Number 8, August, 1960
Volume 3, Number 9, September, 1960
Volume 3, Number 10, October, 1960
Volume 3, Number 11, November, 1960
Volume 3, Number 12, December, 1960
Volume 4, Number 1, January, 1961
Volume 4, Number 2, February, 1961
Volume 4, Number 3, March, 1961
Volume 4, Number 4, April, 1961
Volume 4, Number 5, May, 1961
Volume 4, Number 6, June, 1961
Volume 4, Number 7, July, 1961
Volume 4, Number 8, August, 1961
Volume 4, Number 9, September, 1961
Volume 4, Number 10, October, 1961
Volume 4, Number 11, November, 1961
Volume 4, Number 12, December, 1961
Volume 5, Number 1, January, 1962
Volume 5, Number 2, February, 1962
Volume 5, Number 3, March, 1962
Volume 5, Number 4, April, 1962
Volume 5, Number 5, May, 1962
Volume 7, Number 4, April, 1962
Volume 5, Number 5, May, 1962
Volume 5, Number 6, June, 1962
Volume 5, Number 7, July, 1962
Volume 5, Number 8, August, 1962
Volume 5, Number 9, September, 1962
Volume 5, Number 10, October, 1962
Volume 5, Number 11, November, 1962
Volume 5, Number 12, December, 1962
Volume 5, Number 6, June, 1963
Volume 6, Number 1, January, 1963
Volume 6, Number 2, February, 1963
Volume 6, Number 3, March, 1963
Volume 6, Number 4, April, 1963
Volume 6, Number 5, May, 1963
Volume 6, Number 6, June, 1963
Volume 6, Number 7, July, 1963
Volume 6, Number 8, August, 1963
Volume 6, Number 9, September, 1963
Volume 6, Number 10, October, 1963
Volume 6, Number 11, November, 1963
Volume 6, Number 12, December, 1963
Volume 7, Number 1, January, 1964
Volume 7, Number 2, February, 1964
Volume 7, Number 3, March, 1964
Volume 7, Number 4, April, 1964
Volume 7, Number 5, May, 1964
Volume 7, Number 6, June, 1964
Volume 7, Number 7, July, 1964
Volume 7, Number 8, August, 1964
Volume 7, Number 9, September, 1964
Volume 7, Number 10, October, 1964
Volume 7, Number 11, November, 1964
Volume 7, Number 12, December, 1964
Volume 9, Number 5, May, 1964
Volume 8, Number 1, January, 1965
Volume 8, Number 2, February, 1965
Volume 8, Number 3, March, 1965
Volume 8, Number 4, April, 1965
Volume 8, Number 5, May, 1965
Volume 8, Number 6, June, 1965
Volume 8, Number 7, July, 1965
Volume 8, Number 8, August, 1965
Volume 8, Number 9, September, 1965
Volume 8, Number 10, October, 1965
Volume 8, Number 11, November, 1965
Volume 8, Number 12, December, 1965
Volume 9, Number 1, January, 1966
Volume 9, Number 2, February, 1966
Volume 9, Number 3, March, 1966
Volume 9, Number 4, April, 1966
Volume 9, Number 5, May, 1966
Volume 9, Number 6, June, 1966
Volume 9, Number 7, July, 1966
Volume 9, Number 8, August, 1966
Volume 9, Number 9, September, 1966
Volume 9, Number 10, October, 1966
Volume 9, Number 11, November, 1966
Volume 9, Number 12, December, 1966
Volume 10, Number 1, January, 1967
Volume 10, Number 2, February, 1967
Volume 10, Number 3, March, 1967
Volume 10, Number 4, April, 1967
Volume 10, Number 5, May, 1967
Volume 10, Number 6, June, 1967
Volume 10, Number 7, July, 1967
Volume 10, Number 8, August, 1967
Volume 10, Number 9, September, 1967
Volume 10, Number 10, October, 1967
Volume 10, Number 11, November, 1967
Volume 10, Number 12, December, 1967
Volume 11, Number 1, January, 1968
Volume 11, Number 2, February, 1968
Volume 11, Number 3, March, 1968
Volume 11, Number 4, April, 1968
Volume 11, Number 5, May, 1968
Volume 11, Number 6, June, 1968
Volume 11, Number 7, July, 1968
Volume 11, Number 8, August, 1968
Volume 11, Number 9, September, 1968
Volume 11, Number 10, October, 1968
Volume 11, Number 11, November, 1968
Volume 11, Number 12, December, 1968
Volume 12, Number 1, January, 1969
Volume 12, Number 2, February, 1969
Volume 12, Number 3, March, 1969
Volume 12, Number 4, April, 1969
Volume 12, Number 5, May, 1969
Volume 12, Number 6, June, 1969
Volume 12, Number 7, July, 1969
Volume 12, Number 8, August, 1969
Volume 12, Number 9, September, 1969
Volume 12, Number 10, October, 1969
Volume 12, Number 11, November, 1969
Volume 12, Number 12, December, 1969
Volume 13, Number 1, January, 1970
Volume 13, Number 12, December, 1970
Volume 19, Number 3, June, 1968
Volume 13, Number 1, January, 1970
Volume 13, Number 4, April, 1970
Volume 13, Number 6, June, 1970
Volume 13, Number 7, July, 1970
Volume 13, Number 9, September, 1970
Volume 13, Number 10, October, 1970
Volume 14, Number 1, 1971
Volume 14, Number 7, 1971
Volume 14, Number 10, October, 1971
Volume 15, Number 2, February, 1972
Volume 15, Number 6, June, 1972
Volume 15, Number 12, 1972
Volume 16, Number 5, May, 1973
Volume 16, Number 7, July, 1973
Volume 16, Number 8, August, 1973
Volume 16, Number 9, September, 1973
Volume 17, Number 3, March, 1974
Volume 17, Number 6, June, 1974
Volume 17, Number 8, 1974
Volume 17, Number 10, October, 1974
Volume 17, Number 12, 1974
Volume 18, Number 2, 1975
Volume 103, Number 2--3, July, 1997
Volume 107, Number 1--3, December 22, 1997
Volume 125, Number 1--3, March, 2000
Volume 6, Number 4, December, 1974
Volume 4, Number 4, October, 1957
Volume 14, Number 1, January, 1967
Volume 61, Number 1, September 15, 1968
Volume 1, Number 3, September, 1975
Volume 1, Number 4, December, 1975
Volume 2, Number 2, June, 1976
Volume 2, Number 3, September, 1976
Volume 2, Number 4, December, 1976
Volume 3, Number 2, June, 1977
Volume 3, Number 3, September, 1977
Volume 4, Number 1, March, 1978
Volume 4, Number 3, September, 1978
Volume 8, Number 1, March, 1982
Volume 11, Number 2, June, 1985
Volume 11, Number 4, December, 1985
Volume 14, Number 3, September, 1988


American Mathematical Monthly
Volume 90, Number 3, 1983

                   J.-C. Renaud   Matrices with integer entries and
                                  integer eigenvalues  . . . . . . . . . . 202--203


American Mathematical Monthly
Volume 92, Number 7, 1985

                James M. Ortega   Comment on: ``Matrices with integer
                                  entries and integer eigenvalues'' by
                                  J.-C. Renaud [Amer. Math. Monthly \bf 90
                                  (1983), no. 3, 202--203, MR 84c:15024 ]
                                  and ``Generation of test matrices by
                                  similarity transformations'' by Ortega
                                  [Comm. ACM \bf 7 (1964), 377--378, MR
                                  \bf 29 #5375]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526--526


Communications of the ACM
Volume 2, Number 8, August, 1959

                 M. J. Aegerter   Construction of a Set of Test Matrices   10--12

Communications of the ACM
Volume 2, Number 11, November, 1959

             Irwin D. Greenwald   A Technique for Handling Macro
                                  Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21--22
                 Diran Sarafyan   A New Method of Computation of Square
                                  Roots Without Using Division . . . . . . 23--24

Communications of the ACM
Volume 2, Number 12, December, 1959

                    W. Buchholz   Fingers or Fists? (The Choice of Decimal
                                  or Binary Representation)  . . . . . . . 3--11


Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 1, January, 1960

               Philip R. Bagley   Two Think Pieces . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--1
                A. E. Speckhard   A SAP-Like Assembly Program for the IBM
                                  650  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--5
            Virginia Nather and   
                Ward C. Sangren   Abstracts --- Additional Nuclear Reactor
                                  Codes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--19
                R. M. Frank and   
                  R. B. Lazarus   A High-Speed Sorting Procedure . . . . . 20--22
                  M. L. Deutsch   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . A6--A7
                Allen E. Geiger   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . A7--A7
                John A. Postley   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . A6--A6

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 2, February, 1960

                   Eric R. Kent   A Proposal for a Set of Publication
                                  Standards for Use by the ACM . . . . . . 70--71
                Robert W. Bemer   A Proposal for Character Code
                                  Compatibility  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--72
               Fred Gruenberger   A Terminology Proposal . . . . . . . . . 72--72
                 J. H. Wegstein   Algorithms: Announcement . . . . . . . . 73--73
                  R. J. Herbold   Algorithm 1: Quad I  . . . . . . . . . . 74--74
                    J. Wegstein   Algorithm 2: Rootfinder  . . . . . . . . 74--74
                     A. A. Grau   Algorithm 3: Solution of Polynomial
                                  Equation by Bairstow--Hitchcock Method   74--75
                      Anonymous   Corrigendum: ``A Technique for Handling
                                  Macro Instructions'', by Irwin D.
                                  Greenwald, \em Communications ACM \bf 2,
                                  No. 11 (Nov. 1959) . . . . . . . . . . . 75--75
                K. Samelson and   
             Friedrich L. Bauer   Sequential Formula Translation . . . . . 76--83
                Harold N. Pelta   Selfcipher: Programming  . . . . . . . . 83--83
               William C. Lynch   Coding Isomorphisms  . . . . . . . . . . 84--85
               William A. Logan   The Basic Side of Tape Labeling  . . . . 85--86
                    J. F. Traub   Comments on a recent paper [``A New
                                  Method of Computation of Square Roots
                                  Without Using Division'']  . . . . . . . 86--86
             Jerome P. Shuchter   Marriage---with problems . . . . . . . . 87--90
               James A. Painter   Computer Preparation of a Poetry
                                  Concordance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91--95

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 3, March, 1960

                 Willis H. Ware   Soviet Computer Technology --- 1959  . . 131--166
                 Herbert Kanner   A Note on the Use of the Abacus in
                                  Number Conversion  . . . . . . . . . . . 167--167
                   F. P. Brooks   The Execute Operations --- A Fourth Mode
                                  of Instruction Sequencing  . . . . . . . 168--170
                Robert W. Floyd   An Algorithm Defining ALGOL Assignment
                                  Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170--171
           Louis A. Schmittroth   Numerical Inversion of Laplace
                                  Transforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171--173
                      Saul Gorn   Algorithm 4: Bisection Routine . . . . . 174--174
                 Mandalay Grems   Letter to the Editor: Share Standard
                                  Flow Chart Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 174--175
           Dorothy P. Armstrong   Letter to the Editor: a letter to the
                                  President of ACM . . . . . . . . . . . . A11--A11
             Hans J. Maehly and   
                 J. Svigals and   
                     J. B. Reid   Letters to the Editor: Fingers or Fists?
                                  (The Choice of Decimal or Binary
                                  Representation)  . . . . . . . . . . . . A11--A13

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 4, April, 1960

               John L. McCarthy   Recursive Functions of Symbolic
                                  Expressions and their Computation by
                                  Machine, Part I  . . . . . . . . . . . . 184--195
             Alan J. Perlis and   
               Charles Thornton   Symbol Manipulation by Threaded Lists    195--204
               Allen Newell and   
                  Fred M. Tonge   An introduction to information
                                  processing language V  . . . . . . . . . 205--211
                Joseph W. Smith   Syntactic and Semantic Augments to ALGOL 211--213
                   Julien Green   Symbol Manipulation in XTRAN . . . . . . 213--214
             M. Douglas McIlroy   Macro Instruction Extensions of Compiler
                                  Languages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214--220
                       Hao Wang   Proving Theorems by Pattern Recognition
                                  I  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220--234
               Richard M. Brown   Decoding Combinations of the First $n$
                                  Integers Taken $k$ at a Time . . . . . . 235--236
               Michael E. Senko   A Control System For Logical Block
                                  Diagnosis With Data Loading  . . . . . . 236--240
             Dorothea S. Clarke   Algorithm 5: Bessel Function $I$ Series
                                  Expansion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240--240
             Dorothea S. Clarke   Algorithm 6: Bessel Function $I$
                                  Asymptotic Expansion . . . . . . . . . . 240--240
                Robert Claussen   Algorithm 7: Euclidian Algorithm . . . . 240--240
                     Fred Gurzi   A High-Speed Multiplication Process for
                                  Digital Computers  . . . . . . . . . . . 241--245
                Donald E. Knuth   An Imaginary Number System . . . . . . . 245--247
                      Anonymous   Research Note: Automatic Computation in
                                  Problems of Number Theory  . . . . . . . 247--247
                  Hans G. Boehm   Letters to the Editor: Mr. Bagley and
                                  bugs in hardware and software  . . . . . A13--A13
                  M. D. Dettman   Letters to the Editor: The Honeywell
                                  Argus system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A13--A13
              Bernard A. Galler   Letters to the Editor: Cost of software  A12--A12
              Bernard A. Galler   Letters to the Editor: H. Kanner's ``An
                                  Algebraic Translator'' . . . . . . . . . A13--A13
                Harry D. Huskey   Letters to the Editor: Response to J. D.
                                  Madden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A12--A12
                   J. D. Madden   Letter to the Editor: Revisions to the
                                  ACM Constitution . . . . . . . . . . . . A12--A12

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 5, May, 1960

                 Peter Naur and   
               J. W. Backus and   
                F. L. Bauer and   
                   J. Green and   
                    C. Katz and   
                J. McCarthy and   
               A. J. Perlis and   
             H. Rutishauser and   
                K. Samelson and   
                B. Vauquois and   
             J. H. Wegstein and   
         A. van Wijngaarden and   
                     M. Woodger   Report on the Algorithmic Language ALGOL
                                  60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299--314
                G. W. Patterson   What is a code?  . . . . . . . . . . . . 315--318
                        P. Naur   Algorithm 8: Euler Summation . . . . . . 318--318
                        P. Naur   Algorithm 9: Runge--Kutta Integration    318--318
                 Diran Sarafyan   Divisionless computation of square roots
                                  through continued squaring . . . . . . . 319--321
              Robert L. Patrick   A start at automatic storage assignment  321--322
                   Peter Wegner   A technique for counting ones in a
                                  binary computer  . . . . . . . . . . . . 322--322
            June A. Barrett and   
                 Mandalay Grems   Abbreviating words systematically  . . . 323--324
                      Anonymous   Obituary: William J. Turanski:
                                  1925--1960 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A14--A14
           George G. Heller and   
            Irwin Greenwald and   
                Charles W. Turk   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . A12--A12

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 6, June, 1960

                Andrew D. Booth   The future of automatic digital
                                  computers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339--341
                  I. S. Berezin   The Department of Computer Mathematics
                                  at Moscow State University . . . . . . . 342--344
               Charles J. Swift   Compiling connectives  . . . . . . . . . 345--346
                Robert W. Floyd   Note of amplification  . . . . . . . . . 346--346
                     E. F. Codd   Multiprogram scheduling. Parts 1 and 2.
                                  Introduction and theory  . . . . . . . . 347--350
             S. M. Robinson and   
                  G. W. Struble   A short method for measuring error in a
                                  least-squares power series . . . . . . . 351--351
                       C. Perry   Conversion between floating point
                                  representations  . . . . . . . . . . . . 352--352
                    J. F. Traub   Comment on a Previous Paper [M. J.
                                  Aegerter, \em Construction of a Set of
                                  Test Matrices, Comm. ACM \bf 2(8),
                                  10--12 August (1990)]  . . . . . . . . . 352--352
                   G. M. Galler   Algorithm 10: Evaluation of the
                                  Chebyshev Polynomial $ T_n(X) $ by
                                  Recursion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353--353
                   G. M. Galler   Algorithm 11: Evaluation of the Hermite
                                  Polynomial $ H_n(X) $ by Recursion . . . 353--353
                   G. M. Galler   Algorithm 12: Evaluation of the Laguerre
                                  Polynomial $ L_n(X) $ by Recursion . . . 353--353
                   G. M. Galler   Algorithm 13: Evaluation of the Legendre
                                  Polynomial $ P_n(X) $ by Recursion . . . 353--353
                 A. A. Grau and   
             H. C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification: solution of polynomial
                                  equation by Bairstow--Hitchcock method   354--354
                J. Wegstein and   
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification: rootfinder  . . . . . . . 354--354
                 W. H. Anderson   The solution of simultaneous ordinary
                                  differential equations using a general
                                  purpose digital computer . . . . . . . . 355--360
                     W. R. Neal   Interval estimation of the time in one
                                  state to total time ratio in a double
                                  exponential process  . . . . . . . . . . 361--366
                   B. Arden and   
                  B. Galler and   
                      R. Graham   Letters: Preliminary Report (February 4,
                                  1960) of Peter Naur  . . . . . . . . . . A13--A13
                  M. M. Barritt   Letters: Views and organization of
                                  American computing laboratories  . . . . A14--A14
             Edmund C. Berkeley   Letters: First regional meeting of a
                                  Working Group for Better Education . . . A13--A14

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 7, July, 1960

                        A. Beam   Algorithm 14: Complex exponential
                                  integral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406--406
             Edward A. Voorhees   Some thoughts on reconciling various
                                  character set proposals  . . . . . . . . 408--409
                J. E. Holmstrom   The multilingual terminology project . . 409--412
                     E. F. Codd   Multiprogram scheduling. Parts 3 and 4.
                                  Scheduling algorithm and external
                                  constraints  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413--418
                   Paul McIsaac   Combining ALGOL statement analysis with
                                  validity checking  . . . . . . . . . . . 418--419
            William F. Luebbert   Programming compatibility in a family of
                                  closely related digital computers  . . . 420--429

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 8, August, 1960

            Harry D. Huskey and   
             M. H. Halstead and   
                    R. McArthur   NELIAC---a dialect of ALGOL  . . . . . . 463--468
           Howard J. Smith, Jr.   A short study of notation efficiency . . 468--473
                 Howard Frieden   A variant technique for counting ones    474--474
                   S. S. Kutler   Counting ones on the IBM 7090  . . . . . 474--474
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Algorithm 15: Rootfinder II
                                  (Modification of Algorithm 2.
                                  Rootfinder)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475--475
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 15:
                                  Rootfinder II  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475--475
          Henry D. Thacher, Jr.   Remark on Algorithm 2: Rootfinder  . . . 475--475

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 9, September, 1960

                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President of ACM . . . . 481--481
                Robert F. Rosin   An introductory problem in symbol
                                  manipulation for the student . . . . . . 488--489
                 Edward Fredkin   Trie Memory  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 490--499
                       A. Berin   Rapidly convergent expressions for
                                  evaluating $ e^x $ . . . . . . . . . . . 500--500
                  John M. Blatt   Comments from a FORTRAN user . . . . . . 501--505
             George E. Forsythe   Algorithm 16: Crout with Pivoting  . . . 507--508
                    R. W. Floyd   Algorithm 18: Rational Interpolation by
                                  Continued Fractions  . . . . . . . . . . 508--508
              C. F. Sprague III   Algorithm 17: Trdiag . . . . . . . . . . 508--508
              J. C. Dickson and   
                F. P. Frederick   A decision rule for improved efficiency
                                  in solving linear programming problems
                                  with the simplex algorithm . . . . . . . 509--512
             F. A. Williams and   
                 H. G. Rice and   
                  H. Isbitz and   
              Ruth Anderson and   
                    E. Book and   
                 H. Bratman and   
                W. Dobrusky and   
                 D. Englund and   
              H. Manelowitz and   
              Sonya Shapiro and   
                     E. F. Codd   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . ??

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 10, October, 1960

                Philip M. Morse   Report on a conference of University
                                  Computing Center Directors (June 2--4,
                                  1960)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519--521
                 Donald L. Katz   Conference report on the use of
                                  computers in engineering classroom
                                  instruction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522--527
             Jack Hollingsworth   Automatic graders for programming
                                  classes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528--529
                    R. W. Bemer   Do it by the numbers---digital shorthand 530--536
                Julius Lieblein   Comments on a previous paper . . . . . . 536--536
                  P. M. Sherman   Comments on a technique for counting
                                  ones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538--538
              Lynn D. Yarbrough   Some thoughts on parallel processing . . 539--539
             George E. Forsythe   Remark on Algorithm 16: Crout with
                                  Pivoting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 540--540
              Richard R. Kenyon   Algorithm 19: Binomial coefficients  . . 540--540
                       S. Peavy   Algorithm 20: Real exponential integral  540--540
               Charles J. Swift   Evaluating numbers expressed as strings
                                  of English words . . . . . . . . . . . . 541--541
              Peter Z. Ingerman   A note on the calculation of interest    542--543
      Charles T. Casale, II and   
              C. R. Burgess and   
               Fred Gruenberger   Letter to the Editor: More Techniques
                                  for Counting Ones  . . . . . . . . . . . A9--A10, 529

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 11, November, 1960

                Harry D. Huskey   From the President of ACM  . . . . . . . 595--595
           W. Börsch-Supan   Algorithm 21: Bessel Function for a Set
                                  of Integer Orders  . . . . . . . . . . . 600--600
                        H. Oser   Algorithm 22: Riccati--Bessel functions
                                  of first and second kind . . . . . . . . 600--601
               Wallace Feurzeig   Algorithm 23: MATH SORT  . . . . . . . . 601--601
         George E. Forsythe and   
                John G. Herriot   Remark on Algorithm 15: Rootfinder II    602--602
                 B. Leavenworth   Algorithm 25: Real Zeros of An Arbitrary
                                  Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 602--602
                 B. Leavenworth   Algorithm 24: Solution of tri-diagonal
                                  linear equations . . . . . . . . . . . . 602--602
                John G. Herriot   Algorithm 26: Rootfinder III . . . . . . 603--603
                  Roland Silver   Algorithm 27: Assignment . . . . . . . . 603--604
              John G. Mackinney   Algorithm 28: Least squares fit by
                                  orthogonal polynomials . . . . . . . . . 604--604
              John G. Mackinney   Algorithm 29: Polynomial transformer . . 604--604
                  Roland Silver   An algorithm for the assignment problem  605--606
       Kleber S. Masterson, Jr.   Compilation for two computers with
                                  NELIAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607--611
              Leendert de Witte   Least squares fitting of a great circle
                                  through points on a sphere . . . . . . . 611--613
                    Anatol Holt   Over all computation control and
                                  labelling  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614--615
                  P. Sefton and   
                R. Vaillancourt   A simple technique for coding
                                  differential equations . . . . . . . . . 616--617
                  Jan F. Andrus   Note on eigenvalue computation . . . . . 617
                      H. Nagler   An estimation of the relative efficiency
                                  of two internal sorting methods  . . . . 618--620
                James L. Rogers   The sumador chino  . . . . . . . . . . . 621--622
                A. E. Speckhard   Character scanning on the IBM 7070 . . . 622--622
              John E. Kumpf and   
                C. M. Sidlo and   
                    R. W. Bemer   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . A10--A109

Communications of the ACM
Volume 3, Number 12, December, 1960

                Harry D. Huskey   From the President of ACM  . . . . . . . 631--631
                 R. F. Wheeling   Optimizers: their structure  . . . . . . 632--638
                H. J. Smith and   
                 F. A. Williams   Survey of punched card codes . . . . . . 639--639
                    R. W. Bemer   Survey of coded character representation 639--642
              K. W. Ellenberger   Algorithm 30: Numerical solution of the
                                  polynomial equation  . . . . . . . . . . 643--643
         Kenneth W. Ellenberger   On programming the numerical solution of
                                  polynomial equations . . . . . . . . . . 644--647
              David E. Ferguson   Fibonaccian searching  . . . . . . . . . 648--648
                B. Dimsdale and   
                 G. M. Weinberg   Programmed error correction in Project
                                  Mercury  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649--652
                      S. Lubkin   A note on approximating $ e^x $  . . . . 649--652
              David A. Pope and   
                Marvin L. Stein   Multiple Precision Arithmetic  . . . . . 652--654
              George E. Collins   A Method for Overlapping and Erasure of
                                  Lists  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 655--657
               Paul Des Jardins   Two methods for word conversion on the
                                  IBM 709: method 2  . . . . . . . . . . . 658--658
                Robert A. Price   Two methods for word inversion on the
                                  IBM 709: method 1  . . . . . . . . . . . 658--658
                C. J. Moore and   
                    T. S. Lewis   Digital simulation of discrete flow
                                  systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 659--660
              David Farbman and   
                Richard Ketover   COPE (Console Operator Proficiency
                                  Examination) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 661--662
                T. B. Curtz and   
              J. F. Riordan and   
                       M. Spohn   A comparison of 650 programming methods  663--664
              Francis V. Wagner   Letter to the Editor: Programming and
                                  Operating Systems for SHARE machines
                                  (IBM 704, IBM 709, IBM 7090) . . . . . . A9--A9
                   Paolo Ercoli   Letter to the Editor: Errors Due to
                                  Overflow in Arithmetic Operations  . . . A9--A9
                  Roland Silver   Letter to the Editor: Rounding in
                                  Floating-Point Arithmetic  . . . . . . . A9--A9


Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 1, January, 1961

                Harry D. Huskey   From the President of ACM  . . . . . . . 1--1
               H. D. Huskey and   
               W. H. Wattenburg   A basic compiler for arithmetic
                                  expressions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--9
                     A. A. Grau   Recursive processes and ALGOL
                                  translation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--15
                 H. Bottenbruch   Use of magnetic tape for data storage in
                                  the ORACLE--ALGOL translator . . . . . . 15--19
             Donald Englund and   
                    Ellen Clark   The CLIP translator  . . . . . . . . . . 19--22
        T. E. Cheatham, Jr. and   
         G. O. Collins, Jr. and   
                  G. F. Leonard   CL-I, an environment for a compiler  . . 23--28
                B. W. Arden and   
               B. A. Galler and   
                   R. M. Graham   The internal organization of the MAD
                                  translator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--31
                  Mark B. Wells   MADCAP: a scientific compiler for a
                                  displayed formula textbook language  . . 31--36
              A. Evans, Jr. and   
               A. J. Perlis and   
                  H. Van Zoeren   The use of threaded lists in
                                  constructing a combined ALGOL and
                                  machine-like assembly processor  . . . . 36--41
                Robert W. Floyd   An algorithm for coding efficient
                                  arithmetic operations  . . . . . . . . . 42--51
                 Edgar T. Irons   A Syntax Directed Compiler for ALGOL 60  51--55
              Peter Z. Ingerman   Thunks: A Way of Compiling Procedure
                                  Statements with Some Comments on
                                  Procedure Declarations . . . . . . . . . 55--58
                 P. Z. Ingerman   Dynamic declarations . . . . . . . . . . 59--60
                   Kirk Sattley   Allocation of storage for arrays in
                                  ALGOL 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60--65
                E. T. Irons and   
                    W. Feurzeig   Comments on the implementation of
                                  recursive procedures and blocks in ALGOL
                                  60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--69
               H. D. Huskey and   
               W. H. Wattenburg   Compiling techniques for Boolean
                                  expressions and conditional statements
                                  in ALGOL 60  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--75
                   R. A. Sibley   The SLANG system . . . . . . . . . . . . 75--84
                   R. S. Barton   Another (nameless) compiler for the
                                  Burroughs 220  . . . . . . . . . . . . . A11--A11
                  Wm. J. Eccles   Digital computers in universities  . . . A11--A11
            Millard H. Perstein   Swift's technique  . . . . . . . . . . . A11--A11
                  H. M. Semarne   Another participant in JUG . . . . . . . A11--A11

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 2, February, 1961

                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President of ACM . . . . 89--89
                 Mandalay Grems   A card format for reference files in
                                  information processing . . . . . . . . . 90--98
                 W. Ellenberger   Erratum: ``On programming the numerical
                                  solution of polynomial equations'' . . . 98--98
              Philip Rabinowitz   Multiple-Precision Division  . . . . . . 98--98
                     B. L. Ryle   Multiple programming data processing . . 99--101
             J. W. Carr III and   
                   J. W. Hanson   Two subroutines for symbol manipulation
                                  with an algebraic compiler . . . . . . . 102--103
                   M. R. Nekora   Comment on a paper on parallel
                                  processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103--103
               Richard B. Smith   The BKS system for the Philco-2000 . . . 104--104
             Robert M. Collinge   Algorithm 31: Gamma Function . . . . . . 105--105
                       S. Peavy   Remark on Algorithm 20: Real exponential
                                  integral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--105
                P. J. Rader and   
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 14 [not 13]:
                                  Complex exponential integral . . . . . . 105--105
           James S. Vandergraft   Certification of Algorithm 3: Solution
                                  of polynomial equations by Bairstow
                                  Hitchcock method . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--105
            R. Don Freeman, Jr.   Algorithm 32: MULTINT  . . . . . . . . . 106--106
                     M. F. Lipp   Algorithm 33: Factorial  . . . . . . . . 106
                     M. F. Lipp   Algorithm 34: Gamma Function . . . . . . 106--106
                   Tom Caldwell   On finding minimum routes in a network
                                  with turn penalties  . . . . . . . . . . 107--108
                    Norman Bush   Statistical programs at the University
                                  of North Carolina  . . . . . . . . . . . 108--113
               B. A. Batchelder   ADAM (Attrition Damage Assessment Model) 114--114
                     Ned Chapin   Symbolic analysis methods for
                                  information systems  . . . . . . . . . . 114--114
                     Allen Kent   Mathematical model for a documentation
                                  system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114--114

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 3, March, 1961

                Harry D. Huskey   From the President of ACM  . . . . . . . 136--136
             W. B. Dobrusky and   
                    T. B. Steel   Universal computer-oriented language . . 138--138
                 Roy Goldfinger   Problem-oriented programming language
                                  structure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138--138
                   Aiko Hormann   Computer languages for heuristic
                                  processes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138--138
               Syndey P. Levine   Logical structure of compilers . . . . . 139--139
                  John A. Swets   Sound learning: an application of a
                                  computer to automated teaching . . . . . 139--139
               B. A. Batchelder   CAIN---a bombing mission planning tool   139--140
                 Harvey Bratman   Automatic coding . . . . . . . . . . . . 140--140
                  R. F. Simmons   Synthex  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140--140
               Charles E. Clark   Monte Carlo  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141--141
                 Harvey Bratman   A alternate form of the ``UNCOL
                                  diagram''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142--142
                    J. F. Traub   Comparison of iterative methods for the
                                  calculation of $n$ th roots  . . . . . . 143--145
                    C. Strachey   Bitwise operations . . . . . . . . . . . 146--146
                Douglas T. Ross   A generalized technique for symbol
                                  manipulation and numerical calculation   147--150
                    K. A. Brons   Algorithm 37: Telescope 1  . . . . . . . 151--151
                   A. J. Gianni   Algorithm 36: Tchebycheff  . . . . . . . 151--151
                     T. C. Wood   Algorithm 35: SIEVE  . . . . . . . . . . 151--151
                    K. A. Brons   Algorithm 38: Telescope 2  . . . . . . . 151--152
                Papken Sassouni   Algorithm 39: Correlation coefficients
                                  with matrix multiplication . . . . . . . 152--152
                 B. Leavenworth   Algorithm 40: Critical path scheduling   152--153
               Patty Jane Rader   Certification of Algorithm 4: Bisection
                                  routine  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153--153
                J. H. Wilkinson   Remarks on Algorithms 2 and 3  . . . . . 153--153
             Robert M. Collinge   Remark on Algorithm 25: Real zeros of an
                                  arbitrary function . . . . . . . . . . . 154--154
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Remark on Algorithm 16: CROUT with
                                  pivoting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154--154
                    R. W. Bemer   Letter to the Editor: Re: René De La
                                  Briandais' Letter on FORTRAN . . . . . . A12--A13
           Rene De La Briandais   Letter to the Editor: an open letter to
                                  Bob Bemer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A12--A12
            Paul E. Des Jardins   Letters to the Editor: Word inversion    A13--A13
                   F. G. Duncan   Letter to the Editor: On the calculation
                                  of interest  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A13--A13
                    C. A. Piper   Letter to the Editor: Round-off  . . . . A13--A13
                 Norman Sanders   Letter to the Editor: Northwest
                                  Computing Association  . . . . . . . . . A13--A13

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 4, April, 1961

                Harry D. Huskey   From the President of ACM  . . . . . . . 165--165
                       R. W. B.   Editor's note  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166--166
               Daniel J. Lasser   Topological ordering of a list of
                                  randomly-numbered elements of a network  167--168
                Oliver K. Smith   Eigenvalues of a symmetric $ 3 \times 3
                                  $ matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168--168
                 Marion C. Gray   Bessel functions of integral order and
                                  complex argument . . . . . . . . . . . . 169--169
                   R. E. Nather   On the compilation of subscripted
                                  variables  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169--171
                       E. Karst   On approximating transcendental numbers
                                  by continued fractions . . . . . . . . . 171--171
                  P. M. Sherman   Table look-at techniques . . . . . . . . 172--173, 175
                 G. M. Weinberg   Programmed error correction on a decimal
                                  computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174--175
               Josef G. Solomon   Algorithm 41: Evaluation of Determinant  176--176
                     T. C. Wood   Algorithm 42: Invert . . . . . . . . . . 176--176
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Algorithm 43: Crout with Pivoting II . . 176--177
              Maria E. Wojcicki   Algorithm 44: Bessel Functions Computed
                                  Recursively  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177--178
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 46: Exponential of a Complex
                                  Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178--178
              Peter Z. Ingerman   Algorithm 45: INTEREST . . . . . . . . . 178--178
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 47: Associated Legendre
                                  functions of the first kind for real or
                                  imaginary arguments  . . . . . . . . . . 178--179
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 50: Inverse of a finite
                                  segment of the Hilbert matrix  . . . . . 179--179
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 48: Logarithm of a complex
                                  number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179--179
                  J. R. Herndon   Algorithm 49: Spherical Neumann Function 179--179
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 51: Adjust inverse of a matrix
                                  when an element is perturbed . . . . . . 180--180
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 55: Complete elliptic integral
                                  of the first kind  . . . . . . . . . . . 180--180
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 54: Gamma function for range
                                  $1$ to $2$ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180--180
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 53: $ N^{\rm th} $ Roots of a
                                  Complex Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180--180
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 52: A Set of Test Matrices . . 180--180
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 56: Complete elliptic integral
                                  of the second kind . . . . . . . . . . . 180--181
           W. Börsch-Supan   Remark: On frequently occurring errors
                                  in Algol-60 programs . . . . . . . . . . 181--181
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 57: Ber or Bei Function  . . . 181--181
                   John Herndon   Certification of Algorithm 10:
                                  Chebyschev polynomial $ T_n $  . . . . . 181--181
                   John Herndon   Certification of Algorithm 13: Legendre
                                  polynomial $ P_n(x) $  . . . . . . . . . 181--181
                   John Herndon   Certification of Algorithm 3: Solution
                                  of polynomial equation by
                                  Bairstow--Hitchcock  . . . . . . . . . . 181--181
           William J. Alexander   Certification of Algorithm 20: Real
                                  exponential integral . . . . . . . . . . 182--182
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 43: CROUT II  182--182
                   H. McG. Ross   Further survey of punched card codes . . 182--183
                  H. E. Kulsrud   A practical technique for the
                                  determination of the optimum relaxation
                                  factor of the successive over-relaxation
                                  method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184--187
            Richard Bellman and   
           Mario L. Juncosa and   
                  Robert Kalaba   Some numerical experiments using
                                  Newton's method for nonlinear parabolic
                                  and elliptic boundary-value problems . . 187--191
                  Morton Nadler   Division and square root in the
                                  quater-imaginary number system . . . . . 192--193
               R. A. Brouse and   
                     W. Shooman   Research Summaries: Advanced computers   194--194
                 Sydney C. Rome   Research Summaries: Leviathan studies    194--194
                    L. B. Doyle   Information retrieval  . . . . . . . . . 195--195
               Seymour Ginsburg   Theory of abstract machines  . . . . . . 195--195
                  T. N. Hibbard   Theory of programmed processes . . . . . 195--195

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 5, May, 1961

                Harry D. Huskey   From the President of ACM  . . . . . . . 205--205
                   Kirk Sattley   Letter to the Editor: corrections to
                                  Sattley paper in January \em
                                  Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211--211
                R. W. Bemer and   
           H. J. Smith, Jr. and   
            F. A. Williams, Jr.   Design of an improved transmission/data
                                  processing code  . . . . . . . . . . . . 212--217
                  L. R. Johnson   An Indirect Chaining Method for
                                  Addressing on Secondary Keys . . . . . . 218--222
                Richard Bellman   Successive approximations and computer
                                  storage problems in ordinary
                                  differential equations . . . . . . . . . 222--223
                 Frank B. Baker   A method for evaluating the area of the
                                  normal function  . . . . . . . . . . . . 224--225
            H. P. Edmundson and   
                   R. E. Wyllys   Automatic abstracting and
                                  indexing---survey and recommendations    226--234
                Douglas T. Ross   Computer-aided design  . . . . . . . . . 235--235
          Edward M. Bennett and   
            Rollin P. Mayer and   
               Philip R. Bagley   Man-machine communication via simplified
                                  English  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235--236
                   Donald Cohen   Algorithm 58: Matrix inversion . . . . . 236--236
                    F. M. Tonge   Targeteer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236--236
              E. H. Bareiss and   
             M. A. Fisherkeller   Algorithm 59: Zeros of a real polynomial
                                  by resultant procedure . . . . . . . . . 236--237
           William J. Alexander   Certification of Algorithm 30: Numerical
                                  solution of the polynomial equation  . . 238--238
             Russell W. Ranshaw   Certification of Algorithm 23: MATHSORT  238--238
                   George Mealy   Letter to the Editor: Boolean rings  . . 250--250

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 6, June, 1961

                 M. Hershkowitz   Letter to the Editor: negative binomial
                                  probability distribution tables  . . . . 252--252
                  M. L. Juncosa   Letter to the Editor: concerning
                                  Ferguson's paper on Fibonaccian
                                  searching  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252--252
               T. B. Steel, Jr.   SHARE committee  . . . . . . . . . . . . 252--252
                 G. M. Weinberg   Letter to the Editor: ALGOL: pleasure
                                  through pain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252--252
            Gilbert A. Bachelor   Letter to the Editor: on Grau's
                                  recursive processes and on compiling
                                  expressions in ALGOL . . . . . . . . . . 252--253
             George E. Reynolds   Letter to the Editor: a program rack . . 253--253
                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President of ACM . . . . 254--254
                    F. L. Bauer   Algorithm 60: Romberg Integration  . . . 255--255
             Nelson M. Blachman   The state of digital computer technology
                                  in Europe  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256--256
              George F. Ryckman   Operational compatability of
                                  systems---conventions  . . . . . . . . . 266--267
            Donald E. Knuth and   
                 Jack N. Merner   ALGOL 60 Confidential  . . . . . . . . . 268--272
             H. N. Cantrell and   
                    J. King and   
                  F. E. H. King   Logic-structure tables . . . . . . . . . 272--275
                    J. F. Traub   On a class of iteration formulas and
                                  some historical notes  . . . . . . . . . 276--278
                  C. M. Fischer   Combat vehicle firing stability (active
                                  suspension)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279--283
                Richard Bellman   On the approximation of curves by line
                                  segments using dynamic programming . . . 284--284
                    B. H. Mayoh   Letter to the Editor: Irons' procedure
                                  DIAGRAM  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284--284

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 7, July, 1961

                Bruce Arden and   
          Bernard A. Galler and   
               Robert M. Graham   Letter to the Editor: criticisms of
                                  ALGOL 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309--309
             Bruce W. Arden and   
          Bernard A. Galler and   
               Robert M. Graham   An algorithm for equivalence
                                  declarations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310--314
              R. C. Wenrick and   
                 A. V. Houghton   Solution of tridiagonal matrices . . . . 314--314
        William K. Clarkson and   
             Benjamin M. Prince   A Divisionless Method of Integer
                                  Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315--316
                 J. N. Bramhall   An iterative method for inversion of
                                  power series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317--318, 503
                 Donald Olivier   A further note on approximating $ e^x $  318--318
                     Allan Gibb   Algorithm 61: Procedures for range
                                  arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319--320
                John R. Herndon   Algorithm 62: A Set of Associate
                                  Legendre Polynomials of The Second Kind  320--321
                 C. A. R. Hoare   Algorithm 63: Partition  . . . . . . . . 321--321
                 C. A. R. Hoare   Algorithm 64: Quicksort  . . . . . . . . 321--321
                 C. A. R. Hoare   Algorithm 65: Find . . . . . . . . . . . 321--322
                   John Caffrey   Algorithm 67: CRAM . . . . . . . . . . . 322--322
                   John Caffrey   Algorithm 66: INVRS  . . . . . . . . . . 322--322
              C. W. Nestor, Jr.   Remark on Algorithm 53: $N$ th roots of
                                  a complex number . . . . . . . . . . . . 322--322
              M. A. Geisler and   
                   W. A. Steger   Manned simulation research in complex
                                  control systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . 323--323
                      M. Kochen   An experimental computer program for
                                  hypothesis selection . . . . . . . . . . 323--323
                 Mandalay Grems   Glossaries for computing and data
                                  processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323--324
              Lionello Lombardi   Theory of files  . . . . . . . . . . . . 324--324
                    Eugene Wong   A class of search-models for machine
                                  retrieval  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324--324

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 8, August, 1961

                      Saul Gorn   Some basic terminology connected with
                                  mechanical languages and their
                                  processors: a tentative base terminology
                                  presented to ASA x3.4 as a proposal for
                                  subsequent inclusion in a glossary . . . 336--339
                  H. E. Gilbert   Certification of Algorithm 52: A set of
                                  test matrices  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339--339
                     H. G. Rice   Algorithm 68: Augmentation . . . . . . . 339--339
            Thomas N. Mackinson   COBOL: a sample problem  . . . . . . . . 340--346
             Samuel W. Reynolds   A Generalized Polyphase Merge Algorithm  347--349
                 Heidi G. Kuehn   A $ 48$-bit pseudo-random number
                                  generator  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350--352
              Albert G. Cox and   
                   H. A. Luther   A Note on Multiple Precision Arithmetic  353--353
                 Curt F. Marcus   A note on fitting great circles by least
                                  squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353--353
                W. W. Clendenin   Notes on the construction of rational
                                  approximations for the error function
                                  and for similar functions  . . . . . . . 354--355
                Donald E. Knuth   Errata: ``An imaginary number system''   355--355

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 9, September, 1961

            Lloyd D. Turnep and   
                 David Dahm and   
              Warren Taylor and   
            Richard E. Waychoff   Letter to the Editor: ALGOL 60 reply . . 365--365
             Mandalay Grems and   
              Thomas G. Sanborn   Letter to the Editor: standards
                                  conventions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365--366
                    C. M. Sidlo   The making of a profession . . . . . . . 366--367
              Herbert R. Koller   Letter to the Editor: computers becoming
                                  class conscious? . . . . . . . . . . . . 367--367
                Harry D. Huskey   Letters from the President of ACM  . . . 368--368
                   C. E. Miller   Workshops in mathematical programming    370--371
               Morris Richstone   The Applied Mathematics Laboratory of
                                  the David W. Taylor Model Basin  . . . . 372--375
                  Michael Arbib   Letter to the Editor: self-reproducing
                                  automata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379--379
                   R. E. Wyllys   Letter to the Editor: research reports
                                  published  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379--379
            William B. Kehl and   
              John F. Horty and   
        Charles R. T. Bacon and   
              David S. Mitchell   An information retrieval language for
                                  legal studies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380--389
              Joyce Hoffman and   
                   Ascher Opler   Use of MOBL in preparing retrieval
                                  programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389--391
              Neal L. Alexander   Certification of Algorithm 40: Critical
                                  path scheduling  . . . . . . . . . . . . 392--392
                 Brian H. Mayoh   Algorithm 69: Chain Tracing  . . . . . . 392--392
              Warren Taylor and   
               Lloyd Turner and   
               Richard Waychoff   A syntactical chart of ALGOL 60  . . . . 393--393
             Norman Shapiro and   
              Herman Vreenegoor   The generalized important event
                                  technique  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394--395
               Arnold R. M. Rom   Manipulation of algebraic expressions    396--398
               Leonard Tornheim   Inversion of a complex matrix  . . . . . 398--398
               G. K. Hutchinson   Optimum tape-writing procedures  . . . . 399--401
               Wallace Feurzeig   Putting a Hex on $ e^x $ . . . . . . . . 402--404
               Robert S. Barton   Functional design of computers . . . . . 405--405
                  Richard Laing   Nerve-net simulations  . . . . . . . . . 405--405
            Judith Levenson and   
                   Frank Helwig   The META compiler  . . . . . . . . . . . 405--405
                Andrew Vazsonyi   An on-line management system using
                                  English language . . . . . . . . . . . . 405--405
                  Richard Laing   Automata theory  . . . . . . . . . . . . 406--406
               M. Ross Quillian   Simulation of human understanding of
                                  language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406--406

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 10, October, 1961

                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President  . . . . . . . 415--415
              Robert W. O'Neill   A preplanned approach to a storage
                                  allocating compiler  . . . . . . . . . . 417--417
                Burnett H. Sams   The case for dynamic storage allocation  417--418
             A. E. Roberts, Jr.   A general formulation of storage
                                  allocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419--420
                    R. J. Maher   Problems of storage allocation in a
                                  multiprocessor multiprogrammed system    421--422
                 Anatol W. Holt   Program organization and record keeping
                                  for dynamic storage allocation . . . . . 422--431
                Burnett H. Sams   Dynamic storage allocation for an
                                  information retrieval system . . . . . . 431--435
              John Fotheringham   Dynamic Storage Allocation in the Atlas
                                  Computer, Including an Automatic Use of
                                  a Backing Store  . . . . . . . . . . . . 435--436
         George O. Collins, Jr.   Experience in automatic storage
                                  allocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436--440
                  J. Jensen and   
                 P. Mondrup and   
                        P. Naur   A storage allocation scheme for ALGOL 60 441--445
         William P. Heising and   
                  Ray A. Larner   A semi-automatic storage allocation
                                  system at loading time . . . . . . . . . 446--449
              J. E. Kelley, Jr.   Techniques for storage allocation
                                  algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 449--454
              Bernard N. Riskin   Core allocation based on probability . . 454--459
                   Leo J. Cohen   Stochastic evaluation of a static
                                  storage allocation . . . . . . . . . . . 460--464
               Melvin E. Conway   Letter to the Editor: ALGOL 60 comment   465--465
             Martin Hershkowitz   Letter to the Editor: a goodness of fit
                                  test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 465--465
              Isaac L. Auerbach   The international impact of computers    466--466

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 11, November, 1961

                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President of ACM . . . . 476--476
                C. Strachey and   
                   M. V. Wilkes   Some proposals for improving the
                                  efficiency of ALGOL 60 . . . . . . . . . 488--491
            Stephen M. Robinson   Fitting spheres by the method of least
                                  squares  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491--491
                  M. P. Barnett   Low-level language subroutines for use
                                  within Fortran . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492--495
                 S. W. Reynolds   Addendum: ``A Generalized Polyphase
                                  Merge Algorithm''  . . . . . . . . . . . 495--495
                Donald P. Moore   Library loading with alternate routine
                                  selection  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496--496
                C. L. Moore and   
                     M. L. Ruwe   MAP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496--496
              R. R. Coveyou and   
                 J. G. Sullivan   Algorithm 71: Permutation  . . . . . . . 497--497
              Charles J. Mifsud   Algorithm 70: Interpolation by Aitken    497--497
                Donald P. Moore   Tape splitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497--497
                    L. M. Breed   Certification of Algorithm 68:
                                  Augmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498--498
                    G. H. Dubay   Remark on Algorithm 52: A set of test
                                  matrices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498--498
               L. Hellerman and   
                       S. Ogden   Algorithm 72: Composition generator  . . 498--498
               Anthony W. Knapp   Certification of Algorithm 42: INVERT    498--498
             G. A. Bachelor and   
          J. R. H. Dempster and   
            Donald E. Knuth and   
                     J. Speroni   SMALGOL-61 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499--502
                 E. W. Dijkstra   Letter to the Editor: Defense of ALGOL
                                  60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 502--503
                  M. A. Chapple   Letter to the Editor: inversion of power
                                  series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503--503
             Dominique C. Foata   On a program for Ray--Chaudhuri's
                                  algorithm for a minimum cover of an
                                  abstract complex . . . . . . . . . . . . 504--506
                      James Dow   Programming a duplex computer system . . 507--513
               Mary Archambault   Ballistic cam design . . . . . . . . . . 513--515
                R. C. Nickerson   An engineering application of
                                  logic-structure tables . . . . . . . . . 516--520

Communications of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 12, December, 1961

                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President of ACM . . . . 530--530
                      Saul Gorn   Specification languages for mechanical
                                  languages and their processors a baker's
                                  dozen: a set of examples presented to
                                  ASA x3.4 subcommittee  . . . . . . . . . 532--542
               L. Wheaton Smith   What is proprietary in mathematical
                                  programming?---impressions of a panel
                                  discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 542--542
             David K. Jefferson   Algorithm 73: Incomplete Elliptic
                                  Integrals  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543--543
                John R. Herndon   Remark on Algorithm 62: A set of
                                  associate Legendre polynomials of the
                                  second kind  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 544--544
                D. B. MacMillan   Remark on Algorithm 28: Least-squares
                                  fit by orthogonal polynomials  . . . . . 544--544
                Morris Rubinoff   $ {N}$-dimensional codes for detecting
                                  and correcting multiple errors . . . . . 545--551
                   J. G. Wilson   Notes on geometric weighted check digit
                                  verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551--552
                  J. A. Lechner   Machine calculation of moments of a
                                  probability distribution . . . . . . . . 553--554
               J. W. Graham and   
                   D. A. Sprott   Processing magnetic tape files with
                                  variable blocks  . . . . . . . . . . . . 555--557
                J. Verhoeff and   
                 W. Goffman and   
                    Jack Belzer   Inefficiency of the Use of Boolean
                                  Functions for Information Retrieval
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 557--558, 594
            David Garfinkel and   
         Joseph D. Rutledge and   
              Joseph J. Higgins   Medical Applications: Simulation and
                                  analysis of biochemical systems: I.
                                  representation of chemical kinetics  . . 559--562
                 Donald Robbins   Unusual Applications: Computer
                                  Production of Peek-A-Boo Sheets  . . . . 562--565
           Edward A. Feigenbaum   Soviet cybernetics and computer
                                  sciences, 1960 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 566--579


Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 1, January, 1962

                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President of ACM . . . . 1--1
                   C. E. Miller   SIGMAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--1
              Bernard A. Galler   Definition of software . . . . . . . . . 6--6
                    Edgar Karst   More about the Siemens 2002  . . . . . . 6--6
                Larry E. Travis   In defense of artificial intelligence
                                  research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--7
               B. F. Handy, Jr.   ACM 61 acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . 7--7
                 Jean E. Sammet   Discussion---the pros and cons of a
                                  special IR language: comments  . . . . . 8--8
                 Herbert Ohlman   Discussion---the pros and cons of a
                                  special IR language: pro a special IR
                                  language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--10
                  H. G. Bohnert   Discussion---the pros and cons of a
                                  special IR language: comments  . . . . . 10--10
          Robert A. Colilla and   
                Burnett H. Sams   Information structures for processing
                                  and retrieving . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11--16
                     T. L. Wang   An information system with the ability
                                  to extract intelligence from data  . . . 16--18
                Victor H. Yngve   COMIT as an IR language  . . . . . . . . 19--28
               Robert F. Barnes   Language Problems Posed by Heavily
                                  Structured Data  . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--34
        T. E. Cheatham, Jr. and   
                    S. Warshall   Translation of Retrieval Requests
                                  Couched in a ``Semi-formal''
                                  English-like Language  . . . . . . . . . 34--39
                    J. D. Sable   Use of Semantic Structure in Information
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--43
                 Mandalay Grems   A survey of languages and systems for
                                  information retrieval  . . . . . . . . . 43--46
                  J. E. L. Peck   Algorithm 74: Curve Fitting with
                                  Constraints  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47--47
                  J. E. L. Peck   Algorithm 75: Factors  . . . . . . . . . 48--48
                    Ivan Flores   Algorithm 76: Sorting Procedures . . . . 48--50
                Kalman J. Cohen   Certification of Algorithm 30: Numerical
                                  solution of the polynomial equation  . . 50--50
                 B. Randell and   
                  C. G. Broyden   Certification of Algorithm 66: INVRS . . 50--50
                     B. Randell   Certification of Algorithm 50: Inverse
                                  of a finite segment of the Hilbert
                                  matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--50
             J. H. Wegstein and   
                   W. W. Youden   A string language for symbol
                                  manipulation based on ALGOL 60 . . . . . 54--61
                Roger L. Boyell   Real-time simulation of mapping radar    61--61
                      Saul Gorn   Theory of mechanical languages . . . . . 62--62
              Herbert M. Teager   Real-time, time-shared computer project  62--62
             Richard Larson and   
              Peter Sellers and   
                    Ruben Meyer   Simulation and analysis of biochemical
                                  systems: II. solution of differential
                                  equations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63--65

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 2, February, 1962

                      Otto Mond   Letter to the Editor: Using an IF
                                  statement for bcd comparison . . . . . . 78--78
                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President  . . . . . . . 79--79
                  H. R. Schwarz   An introduction to ALGOL: a tutorial
                                  paper on ALGOL with explanations and
                                  examples to make the use of the ALGOL
                                  report more familiar . . . . . . . . . . 82--95
                   Peter Wegner   Priority assignment in a time-shared
                                  computer installation  . . . . . . . . . 95--95
                Paul E. Hennion   Algorithm 77: Interpolation,
                                  differentiation, and integration . . . . 96--96
               Thomas P. Giammo   Algorithm 79: Difference Expression
                                  Coefficients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97--97
                       C. Perry   Algorithm 78: Rational Roots of
                                  Polynomials with Integer Coefficients    97--97
               Leonard F. Longo   SURGE: a recoding of the COBOL
                                  merchandise control algorithm  . . . . . 98--100
                 J. B. Watt and   
               W. H. Wattenburg   A NELIAC-generated 7090--1401 compiler   101--102
                 James J. Baker   A note on multiplying Boolean matrices   102--102
                 Conrad Weisert   Tape splitting in an iterative program   102--102
                  Gerard Salton   The Manipulation of Trees in Information
                                  Retrieval  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103--114
            David Garfinkel and   
               William Polk and   
          Joseph J. Higgins and   
               Robert T. Ochser   Simulation and analysis of biochemical
                                  systems: III. analysis and pattern
                                  recognition  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115--118
             G. E. Forsythe and   
         J. von der Groeben and   
                    J. G. Toole   Vectorcardiographic diagnosis with the
                                  aid of ALGOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118--122

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 3, March, 1962

                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President of ACM . . . . 131--131
           Robert S. Ledley and   
                James B. Wilson   Automatic-programming-language
                                  translation through syntactical analysis 145--155
                    P. V. Ellis   An evaluation of Autocode readability    156--159
                    W. C. Lynch   On a Wired-In Binary-to-Decimal
                                  Conversion Scheme  . . . . . . . . . . . 159--159
                     A. A. Grau   On a floating-point number
                                  representation for use with algorithmic
                                  languages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160--161
                  J. Weizenbaum   Knotted list structures  . . . . . . . . 161--165
              Malcolm B. Foster   A method of representation, storage and
                                  retrieval of $ 13 $ random codes in a
                                  $4$-digit number or $ 16$ random codes
                                  in a $5$-digit number  . . . . . . . . . 165--165
                William Holsten   Algorithm 80: Reciprocal Gamma Function
                                  of Real Argument . . . . . . . . . . . . 166--166
                 Brian H. Mayoh   Algorithm 81: Economising a Sequence 1   166--167
                 Brian H. Mayoh   Algorithm 82: Economising a sequence 2   167--167
                 Brian H. Mayoh   Algorithm 83: Optimal Classification of
                                  Objects  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167--168
                 M. H. Halstead   Certification of Algorithm 78: Ratfact   168--168
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 60: Romberg
                                  integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168--168
                  Leon Davidson   Retrieval of Misspelled Names in an
                                  Airline Passenger Record System  . . . . 169--171
              Walter M. Carlson   Computers---the key to total systems
                                  control: an industrial viewpoint . . . . 172--173

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 4, April, 1962

            Donald E. Knuth and   
                      Saul Gorn   Letters to the Editor: Backus' language  185--185
                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the President of ACM . . . . 186--186
               Robert Bosak and   
      Richard F. Clippinger and   
                Carey Dobbs and   
             Roy Goldfinger and   
            Renee B. Jasper and   
            William Keating and   
            George Kendrick and   
                 Jean E. Sammet   An information algebra: Phase 1
                                  Report---Language Structure Group of the
                                  CODASYL Development Committee  . . . . . 190--204
                   H. Hellerman   Addressing multidimensional arrays . . . 205--207
                Thomas G. Evans   Algorithm 85: Jacobi . . . . . . . . . . 208--208
                Paul E. Hennion   Algorithm 84: Simpson's Integration  . . 208--208
              J. E. L. Peck and   
                  G. F. Schrack   Algorithm 86: Permute  . . . . . . . . . 208--209
                    P. J. Brown   Certification of Algorithm 71:
                                  Permutation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209--209
                    P. J. Brown   Certification of Algorithm 35: Sieve . . 209--209
                 John R. Howell   Algorithm 87: Permutation Generator  . . 209--209
              J. E. L. Peck and   
                  G. F. Schrack   Certification of Algorithm 71:
                                  Permutation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209--209
                Donald E. Knuth   The calculation of Easter\ldots  . . . . 209--210
                   C. J. Kaiser   A method for eliminating ambiguity due
                                  to signal coincidence in digital design  211--220
               Fred Gruenberger   Use of newer character-addressable
                                  machines for high precision  . . . . . . 221--221
              O. Paul Staderman   On magnetic tape transfer rates  . . . . 221--221
                Lauren B. Doyle   Associated characteristics of words in
                                  text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223--223
       Edward A. Feigenbaum and   
               Herbert A. Simon   Simulation of human verbal learning
                                  behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223--223
                Michael Kassler   Decision of a musical system . . . . . . 223--223
                      Anonymous   Computer simulation of city traffic  . . 224--226

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 5, May, 1962

                      Anonymous   University Computing Center exhibits at
                                  ACM 62 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235--235
                Harry D. Huskey   Letters from the President of ACM  . . . 235--235
           Joseph F. Cunningham   Why COBOL? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236--236
                 Jean E. Sammet   Basic elements of COBOL 61 . . . . . . . 237--253


Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 4, April, 1962

          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithms 191 and 192,
                                  Hypergeometric and Confluent
                                  Hypergeometric Functions . . . . . . . . 244--244


Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 5, May, 1962

                     A. Lippitt   COBOL and compatibility  . . . . . . . . 254--255
              Milton Siegel and   
                Albert E. Smith   Interim report on bureau of ships COBOL
                                  evaluation program . . . . . . . . . . . 256--259
             Richard Berman and   
               Joseph Sharp and   
               Lawrence Sturges   Syntactical Charts of COBOL 61 . . . . . 260--260
                  W. L. Donally   A report writer for COBOL  . . . . . . . 261--261
                       W. Hicks   The COBOL Librarian: a key to object
                                  program efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . 262--262
                    J. C. Emery   Modular data processing systems written
                                  in COBOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263--268
                      O. Kesner   Floating-point arithmetic in COBOL . . . 269--271
                      I. Greene   Guides to teaching COBOL . . . . . . . . 272--273
                   C. A. Bouman   An advanced input-output system for a
                                  COBOL compiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273--277
                   J. P. Mullin   An introduction to a machine-independent
                                  data division  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277--278
                   J. W. Mullen   COBOL batching problems  . . . . . . . . 278--279
                John L. Cundiff   Algorithm 88: Evaluation of Asymptotic
                                  Expression for the Fresnel Sine and
                                  Cosine Integrals . . . . . . . . . . . . 280--280
                John L. Cundiff   Algorithm 89: Evaluation of the Fresnel
                                  Sine Integral  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280--280
             Karl Heinz Buchner   Certification of Algorithm 60: Romberg
                                  integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281--281
                John L. Cundiff   Algorithm 90: Evaluation of the Fresnel
                                  Cosine Integral  . . . . . . . . . . . . 281--281
                Albert Newhouse   Algorithm 91: Chebyshev Curve-Fit  . . . 281--281
              Norman Landis and   
               Andrew Manos and   
              L. Richard Turner   Initial experience with an operating
                                  multiprogramming system  . . . . . . . . 282--286
              Derek Johann Roek   Algorithm 92: Simultaneous System of
                                  Equations and Matrix Inversion Routine   286--286

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 6, June, 1962

                Bruce Gilchrist   ACM membership survey  . . . . . . . . . 297--297
                Harry D. Huskey   Letter from the retiring President of
                                  ACM  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297--297
       Anthony G. Oettinger and   
                   Howard Aiken   Retiring computer pioneer--- . . . . . . 298--299
                   Franz L. Alt   Fifteen years ACM  . . . . . . . . . . . 300--307
          Isaac L. Auerbach and   
                 A. Walther and   
                  A. P. Speiser   International federation of information
                                  processing news  . . . . . . . . . . . . 308--308
                      Anonymous   IFIP Congress-62, Munich, Germany,
                                  August 27--September 1, 1962: Abstracts
                                  of papers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312--326
           Irving N. Rabinowitz   Report on the algorithmic language
                                  FORTRAN II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327--337
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   A redundancy check for ALGOL programs    337--342
                    T. G. Jones   A note on sampling a tape-file . . . . . 343--343
                    C. A. Oster   One lost bit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343--343
               Jerome Kurtzberg   Algorithm 94: Combination  . . . . . . . 344--344
            Millard H. Perstein   Algorithm 93: General Order Arithmetic   344--344
                 Frank Stockmal   Algorithm 95: Generation of Partitions
                                  in Part-Count Form . . . . . . . . . . . 344--344
                Robert W. Floyd   Algorithm 96: Ancestor . . . . . . . . . 344--345
                Robert W. Floyd   Algorithm 97: Shortest Path  . . . . . . 345--345
                 John L. Pfaltz   Algorithm 98: Evaluation of Definite
                                  Complex Line Integrals . . . . . . . . . 345--345
         Stephen J. Garland and   
               Anthony W. Knapp   Algorithm 99: Evaluation of Jacobi
                                  Symbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345--346
               Philip J. Kiviat   Algorithm 100: Add Item to Chain-Linked
                                  List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346--346
               Philip J. Kiviat   Algorithm 101: Remove Item From
                                  Chain-Linked List  . . . . . . . . . . . 346--346
              G. F. Schrack and   
                     M. Shimrat   Algorithm 102: Permutation in
                                  Lexicographical Order  . . . . . . . . . 346--346
              Richard A. Conger   Certification of Algorithm 58: Matrix
                                  inversion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347--347
                  Guy F. Kuncir   Algorithm 103: Simpson's Rule Integrator 347--347
                    A. P. Relph   Certification of Algorithm 46:
                                  Exponential of a complex number  . . . . 347--347
                    A. P. Relph   Certification of Algorithm 48: Logarithm
                                  of a complex number  . . . . . . . . . . 347--347
                  Bichard Steck   Remark on Algorithm 19: Binomial
                                  coefficients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347--347
                   John Caffrey   Certification of Algorithm 66: Invrs . . 348--348
                     B. Randell   Remark on Algorithm 76: Sorting
                                  procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348--348
                    A. P. Relph   Certification of Algorithm 67: Cram  . . 348--348
             Victor E. Whittier   Certification of Algorithm 77: Avint . . 348--348
            James W. Hanson and   
      Jane Shearin Caviness and   
                 Camilla Joseph   Analytic differentiation by computer . . 349--355
                   Harold Borko   Criteria for acceptable abstracts  . . . 356--356
          Peter Zilahy Ingerman   General language translation schemata    356--356
              Clarice MacDonald   Trajectory computation in a
                                  problem-oriented language  . . . . . . . 356--356
                   R. E. Dickie   Letter to the Editor: More on an IF
                                  statement for bcd comparison . . . . . . 364--364
               M. R. Kellington   Digitaria sanguinalis  . . . . . . . . . 364--364
                  Morton Nadler   IFAC conference---corrected impression   364--364

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 7, July, 1962

                George H. Mealy   Programming systems, whither?  . . . . . 374--375
                   Peter Wegner   Communications between independently
                                  translated blocks  . . . . . . . . . . . 376--381
                    Klaus Appel   Solution of Eigenvalue problems with
                                  approximately known Eigenvectors . . . . 381--381
                   L. J. Larsen   A modified inversion procedure for
                                  product form of the inverse linear
                                  programming codes  . . . . . . . . . . . 382--383
              Roger H. Simonsen   Simulation of a computer timing device   383--384
          H. H. Bottenbruch and   
                     A. A. Grau   On translation of Boolean expressions    384--386
                 H. Rutishauser   Algorithm 104: Reduction to Jacobi . . . 387--387
                F. L. Bauer and   
                       J. Stoer   Algorithm 105: Newton Maehly . . . . . . 387--388
                  Jay W. Counts   Algorithm 107: Gauss's Method  . . . . . 388--388
        Margaret L. Johnson and   
                   Ward Sangren   Algorithm 106: Complex Number to a Real
                                  Power  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388--388
           Yuri A. Kruglyak and   
              Donald R. Whitman   Algorithm 108: Definite Exponential
                                  Integrals A  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388--388
           Yuri A. Kruglyak and   
              Donald R. Whitman   Algorithm 109: Definite exponential
                                  integrals B  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388--389
           Yuri A. Kruglyak and   
              Donald R. Whitman   Algorithm 110: Quantum Mechanical
                                  Integrals of Slater-Type Orbitals  . . . 389--390
           Yuri A. Kruglyak and   
              Donald R. Whitman   Algorithm 111: Molecular-Orbital
                                  Calculation of Molecular Interactions    390--391
                 Richard George   Certification of Algorithm 51: Adjust
                                  inverse of a matrix when an element is
                                  perturbed  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391--391
        Margaret L. Johnson and   
                  Ward Sangreen   Remark on Algorithm 34: Gamma function   391--391
        Margaret L. Johnson and   
                   Ward Sangren   Remark on Algorithm 48: Logarithm of a
                                  complex number . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391--391
                    A. P. Relph   Certification of Algorithm 57: ber or
                                  bei function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392--392
                    A. P. Relph   Certification of Algorithm 75: Factors   392--392
                    A. P. Relph   Certification of Algorithm 70:
                                  Interpolation by Aitken  . . . . . . . . 392--392
                    A. P. Relph   Certification of Algorithm 84: Simpson's
                                  integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392--392
           Yuri A. Kruglyak and   
              Donald R. Whitman   Certification of Algorithm 108: Definite
                                  exponential integrals A  . . . . . . . . 393--393
           Yuri A. Kruglyak and   
              Donald R. Whitman   Certification of Algorithm 109: Definite
                                  exponential integrals B  . . . . . . . . 393--393
           Yuri A. Kruglyak and   
              Donald R. Whitman   Certification of Algorithm 110: Quantum
                                  mechanical integrals of Slater-type
                                  orbitals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393--393
               Martin Davis and   
            George Logemann and   
                Donald Loveland   A machine program for theorem-proving    394--397
                 Robert M. Baer   Nonlinear regression and the solution of
                                  simultaneous equations . . . . . . . . . 397--398
             Herbert G. Bohnert   Logic of English grammar . . . . . . . . 398--398
                     Morio Onoe   Triangular walk pattern for the
                                  down-hill method of solving a
                                  transcendental equation  . . . . . . . . 398--398
              Herbert E. Salzer   Quick calculation of Jacobian elliptic
                                  functions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399--399
              P. R. Peabody and   
                   D. S. Adorno   Digital synthesis of correlated
                                  stationary noise . . . . . . . . . . . . 400--401
                  W. Fraser and   
                     J. F. Hart   On the computation of rational
                                  approximations to continuous functions   401--403
      William Phillips, Jr. and   
              Anita K. Bahn and   
                 Mabel Miyasaki   Person-matching by electronic methods    404--407
              William Siler and   
               John S. Laughlin   A computer method for radiation
                                  treatment planning . . . . . . . . . . . 407--408
              D. E. Robison and   
                   L. A. Aroian   Regression and coded patterns in data
                                  editing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409--411
                  D. K. Robbins   FORTRAN for business data processing . . 412--414

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 8, August, 1962

                      Anonymous   Conference Board of the Mathematical
                                  Sciences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423--425
                      Anonymous   Official Notices: AFIPS appoints public
                                  affairs director . . . . . . . . . . . . 425--425
                      Anonymous   Official Notices: Gotlieb new
                                  Editor-in-Chief of Communications  . . . 425--425
                      Anonymous   Official Notices: New ACM appointments   425--425
                  R. B. Banerji   The description list of concepts . . . . 426--432
                     I. C. Pyle   Character manipulation in FORTRAN  . . . 432--433
                 John R. Howell   Pracniques: A computer technique for
                                  handling analysis of variance  . . . . . 433, 449
                Robert W. Floyd   Algorithm 113: Treesort  . . . . . . . . 434--434
                     M. Shimrat   Algorithm 112: Position of Point
                                  Relative to Polygon  . . . . . . . . . . 434--434
                 Frank Stockmal   Algorithm 114: Generation of Partitions
                                  with Constraints . . . . . . . . . . . . 434--434
                  H. F. Trotter   Algorithm 115: Perm  . . . . . . . . . . 434--435
                D. M. Collinson   Algorithm 117: Magic Square (Even Order) 435
                 D. M. Collison   Algorithm 117: Magic square (even order) 435--435
                Robert L. Smith   Algorithm 116: Complex Division  . . . . 435--435
                D. M. Collinson   Algorithm 118: Magic Square (Odd Order)  436
                 D. M. Collison   Algorithm 118: Magic square (odd order)  436--436
            Burton Eisenman and   
                 Martin Shapiro   Algorithm 119: Evaluation of a Pert
                                  Network  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436--437
                 Richard George   Algorithm 120: Matrix Inversion II . . . 437--437
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 18: Rational
                                  interpolation by continued fractions . . 437--437
                 Richard George   Certification of Algorithm 19: Binomial
                                  coefficients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438--438
                 J. S. Hillmore   Certification of Algorithm 52: A set of
                                  test matrices  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438--438
                 J. S. Hillmore   Certification of Algorithm 35: Sieve . . 438--438
                 George Struble   Remark on Algorithm 58: Matrix inversion 438--438
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 57: ber or
                                  bei function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438--438
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 37: Telescope
                                  1  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438--438
                 Richard George   Certification of Algorithm 58: Matrix
                                  inversion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438--439
                 D. M. Collison   Certification of Algorithm 72:
                                  Composition generator  . . . . . . . . . 439--439
                 J. S. Hillmore   Certification of Algorithm 75: Factors   439--439
                 J. S. Hillmore   Certification of Algorithms 63, 64, 65
                                  --- Partition, Quicksort, Find . . . . . 439--439
                 J. S. Hillmore   Certification of Algorithm 71:
                                  Permutation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439--439
                 D. M. Collison   Certification of Algorithm 117 and 118:
                                  Magic square (odd and, even orders)  . . 440--440
                 D. M. Collison   Certification of Algorithm 86: Permute   440--440
                 D. M. Collison   Certification of Algorithm 87:
                                  Permutation generator  . . . . . . . . . 440--440
                 D. M. Collison   Remark on Algorithm 78: Rational roots
                                  of polynomials with integer coefficients 440--440
                 Richard George   Remark on Algorithm 84: Simpson's
                                  integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440--440
                 J. S. Hillmore   Certification of Algorithm 85: Jacobi    440--440
                    Brian Gluss   Further remarks on line segment
                                  curve-fitting using dynamic programming  441--443
                  J. L. Brenner   A set of matrices for testing computer
                                  programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443--444
          William R. Busing and   
                  Henri A. Levy   A procedure for inverting large
                                  symmetric matrices . . . . . . . . . . . 445--446
               H. A. Luther and   
             L. F. Guseman, Jr.   A finite sequentially compact process
                                  for the adjoints of matrices over
                                  arbitrary integral domains . . . . . . . 447--448
                 John G. Haynes   Research Summaries: A generalized
                                  combinatorial problem  . . . . . . . . . 449--449
               William C. McGee   The Property Classification Method of
                                  File Design and Processing . . . . . . . 450--458
              G. Schay, Jr. and   
                   W. G. Spruth   Analysis of a File Addressing Method . . 459--462

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 9, September, 1962

                 Jane G. Jodeit   On addressing multidimensional arrays    468--468
                     G. T. Lake   Letter to the Editor: Hardware
                                  Conversion of Decimal and Binary Numbers 468--469
             Daniel Herrick and   
                    Neal Butler   Computation of $e$ on variable word
                                  length machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . 469--469
               Saul I. Gass and   
                 Joseph K. Slap   National ACM membership survey . . . . . 470--472
                J. P. Penny and   
                     T. Pearcey   Use of multiprogramming in the design of
                                  a low cost digital computer  . . . . . . 473--476
                David Garfinkel   Programmed methods for printer graphical
                                  output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477--479
              Stuart S. Shaffer   Current status of IPL-V for the Philco
                                  2000 computer (June 1962)  . . . . . . . 479--479
                   John W. Weil   A heuristic for page turning in a
                                  multiprogrammed computer . . . . . . . . 480--481
                   David Shafer   Algorithm 121: NormDev . . . . . . . . . 482--482
              Gerard F. Dietzel   Algorithm 122: Tridiagonal Matrix  . . . 482--483
            Martin Crawford and   
                   Robert Techo   Algorithm 123: Real error function, \tt
                                  ERF(x) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483--483
                 L. J. Schaefer   Algorithm 124: Hankel Function . . . . . 483
                Luis J. Shaefer   Algorithm 124: Hankel function . . . . . 483--483
                Robert W. Floyd   On the nonexistence of a phrase
                                  structure grammar for ALGOL 60 . . . . . 483--484
                 Julian Feldman   TALL---a list processor for the Philco
                                  2000 computer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 484--485
            G. W. Armerding and   
          F. J. Gruenberger and   
                S. L. Marks and   
                   T. R. Parkin   A one-day look at computing  . . . . . . 486--487

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 10, October, 1962

                      Anonymous   Official Notices: ACM appointments . . . 497--497
                      Anonymous   Official Notices: Leaders for 1963 SJCC
                                  picked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497--497
                      Anonymous   Official Notices: Location changes for
                                  JCC conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . 497--497
                  Mary Ferguson   Letters to the Editor: Still more on bcd
                                  comparisons  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497--497
               Robert P. Larsen   Letters to the Editor: More on using an
                                  IF statement for bed comparison  . . . . 497--497
                  C. C. Gotlieb   IFIP-62: Council meetings-notes  . . . . 500--501
                    J. F. Traub   IFIP-62: Comments  . . . . . . . . . . . 500--501
             Armando G. Mendoza   A Dispersion Pass Algorithm for the
                                  Polyphase Merge  . . . . . . . . . . . . 502--504
                  H. D. Baecker   Implementing a stack . . . . . . . . . . 505--507
               Mervin E. Muller   Further remarks on sampling a tape
                                  file---I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507--508
                  Morton Nadler   Further remarks on sampling a tape
                                  file---II  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 508--508
                      M. L. Pei   A test matrix for inversion procedures   508--508
              Lynn D. Yarbrough   Input data organization in FORTRAN . . . 508--509
                 H. Rutishauser   Algorithm 125: Weightcoeff . . . . . . . 510--511
                  Jay W. Counts   Algorithm 126: Gauss' Method . . . . . . 511--511
                Philip J. Walsh   Algorithm 127: Ortho . . . . . . . . . . 511--513
                  Lars Hellberg   Certification of Algorithm 40: Critical
                                  path scheduling  . . . . . . . . . . . . 513--513
                       M. Wells   Algorithm 128: Summation of Fourier
                                  Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513--513
                 Richard George   Certification of Algorithm 93: General
                                  order arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . 514--514
             David K. Jefferson   Remark on Algorithm 73: Incomplete
                                  elliptic integrals . . . . . . . . . . . 514--514
              G. F. Schrack and   
                     M. Shimrat   Certification of Algorithm 87:
                                  Permutation generator  . . . . . . . . . 514--514
                  G. F. Schrack   Certification of Algorithm 115: Perm . . 514--514
              M. P. Barnett and   
                 R. P. Futrelle   Syntactic analysis by digital computer   515--526
                Robert W. Floyd   On ambiguity in phrase structure
                                  languages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526--526
             Lawrence Stark and   
          Mitsuharu Okajima and   
              Gerald H. Whipple   Computer pattern recognition techniques:
                                  electrocardiographic diagnosis . . . . . 527--531
              Martin Lipkin and   
                Max A. Woodbury   Coding of medical case history data for
                                  computer analysis  . . . . . . . . . . . 532--534

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 11, November, 1962

                   Gary Boswell   Comment on analytic differentiation by
                                  computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545--545
                    C. A. Oster   More on testing BCD words with FORTRAN   545--545
                 A. D. Stiegler   An algebraic compiler for the FORTRAN
                                  assembly program . . . . . . . . . . . . 545--545
                      Anonymous   Official Notices: ACM monographs appear  547--547
                      Anonymous   Official Notices: Decision-making
                                  processes in pattern recognition . . . . 547--547
                      Anonymous   Official Notices: Large-capacity memory
                                  techniques for computing systems . . . . 547--547
                      Anonymous   Reiteration of ACM policy toward
                                  standardization  . . . . . . . . . . . . 547--549
                  V. W. Whitley   Algorithm 129: MINIFUN . . . . . . . . . 550--551
                    B. C. Eaves   Algorithm 130: PERMUTE . . . . . . . . . 551--551
                V. H. Smith and   
                    M. L. Allen   Algorithm 131: Coefficient Determination 551--551
                   J. C. Browne   Algorithm 132: Quantum Mechanical
                                  Integrals Over all Slater-Type Integrals 551--553
               Peter G. Behrenz   Algorithm 133: RANDOM  . . . . . . . . . 553--553
                Henry E. Fettis   Algorithm 134: Exponentiation of series  553--553
      William Marshall McKeeman   Algorithm 135: Crout with Equilibration
                                  and Iteration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 553--555
              David M. Dahm and   
                       M. Wells   Algorithm 137: Nesting of For Statement
                                  I  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 555--555
                       M. Wells   Algorithm 136: Enlargement of a Group    555--555
              David M. Dahm and   
                       M. Wells   Algorithm 138: Nesting of For Statement
                                  II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 555--556
                 P. Z. Ingerman   Algorithm 140: Matrix Inversion  . . . . 556--556
                 P. Z. Ingerman   Algorithm 141: Path Matrix . . . . . . . 556--556
                  J. E. L. Peck   Algorithm 139: Solutions of the
                                  Diophantine equation . . . . . . . . . . 556--556
                 M. R. Williams   Certification of the calculation of
                                  Easter\ldots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556--556
               Peter G. Behrenz   Certification of Algorithm 84: Simpson's
                                  integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 557--557
            Grant W. Erwin, Jr.   Remark on Algorithm 106: Complex number
                                  to a real power  . . . . . . . . . . . . 557--557
                  Ronald W. May   Certification of Algorithm 94:
                                  Combination  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 557--557
                  Ronald W. May   Remark on Algorithm 99: Evaluation of
                                  Jacobi symbol  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 557--557
      William Marshall McKeeman   Certification of Algorithm 135: Crout
                                  with equilibration and iteration . . . . 557--557
                     A. B. Kahn   Topological sorting of large networks    558--562
         Howard B. Newcombe and   
               James M. Kennedy   Record linkage: making maximum use of
                                  the discriminating power of identifying
                                  information  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563--566
                   L. Stark and   
                   R. Payne and   
                       Y. Okabe   Online digital computer measurement of a
                                  neurological control system  . . . . . . 567--568

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 12, December, 1962

              Bernard A. Galler   SHARE information available to
                                  nonmembers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 574--574
                Edward F. Storm   Printer plotting not new . . . . . . . . 574--574
                 Leon Bloom and   
               Morris Cohen and   
                 Sigmund Porter   Page turning in multiprogrammed
                                  computers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 574--575
           Michael H. Bernstein   A missing factor in medical case
                                  history? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575--575
            Walter H. Burkhardt   Accuracy and precision with a
                                  character-addressable machine  . . . . . 575--575
                  C. C. Gotlieb   Thank you  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575--575
              Richard L. Nelson   Machine graphing . . . . . . . . . . . . 575--575
                      Saul Gorn   Mechanical pragmatics: a time-motion
                                  study of a miniature mechanical
                                  linguistic system: a set of examples
                                  presented to ASA X3-4 subcommittee . . . 576--589
          Bernard A. Galler and   
                 Alan J. Perlis   Compiling Matrix Operations  . . . . . . 590--594
                Donald E. Knuth   Evaluation of polynomials by computer    595--599
                G. J. Vasilakos   A decision matrix as the basis for a
                                  simple data input routine  . . . . . . . 599--601
            Jesse H. Poore, Jr.   Pracniques: Character manipulation in
                                  1620 FORTRAN II  . . . . . . . . . . . . 602--602
               John A. Sonquist   Pracniques: Fixed-word-length arrays in
                                  variable-word-length computers . . . . . 602--602
               W. L. Hafley and   
                    J. S. Lewis   Algorithm 142: Triangular Regression . . 603--604
           Arthur F. Kaupe, Jr.   Algorithm 143: Treesort 1  . . . . . . . 604--604
           Arthur F. Kaupe, Jr.   Algorithm 144: Treesort 2  . . . . . . . 604--604
      William Marshall McKeeman   Algorithm 145: Adaptive Numerical
                                  Integration by Simpson's Rule  . . . . . 604--604
      William Marshall McKeeman   Algorithm 146: Multiple Integration  . . 604--605
                        D. Amit   Algorithm 147 [S14]: PSIF  . . . . . . . 605--605
               Peter G. Behrenz   Certification of Algorithm 31: Gamma
                                  function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605--605
                D. M. Collinson   Algorithm 148: Term of Magic Square  . . 605
                 D. M. Collison   Algorithm 148: Term of magic square  . . 605--605
                   J. N. Merner   Algorithm 149: Complete Elliptic
                                  Integral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605--605
               Peter G. Behrenz   Remark on Algorithm 58: Matrix inversion 606--606
               Peter G. Behrenz   Remark on Algorithm 133: Random  . . . . 606--606
                   R. E. Grench   Certification of Algorithm 94:
                                  Combination  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606--606
                 Richard Hacker   Certification of Algorithm 112: Position
                                  of point relative to polygon . . . . . . 606--606
                 E. S. Phillips   Certification of Algorithm 115: Perm . . 606--606
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 118: Magic
                                  square (odd order) . . . . . . . . . . . 606--606
                   Roy N. Freed   Legal implications of computer use . . . 607--612
          David D. Morrison and   
             James D. Riley and   
              John F. Zancanaro   Numerical Analysis: Multiple shooting
                                  method for two-point boundary value
                                  problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 613--614
                   H. K. Schuff   A subjective viewpoint---the use of
                                  digital computers in Western Germany . . 615--617, 628
                    R. Wheeling   New Products: IBM 1440 data processing
                                  system features five new units . . . . . 618--620
                      Anonymous   IFIP Congress 65 Appointments  . . . . . 620--620

Communications of the ACM
Volume 5, Number 6, June, 1963

                      T. Schick   Disk-File Sorting  . . . . . . . . . . . 330--331


Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 1, January, 1963

                 Peter Naur and   
               J. W. Backus and   
                F. L. Bauer and   
                   J. Green and   
                    C. Katz and   
                J. McCarthy and   
               A. J. Perlis and   
             H. Rutishauser and   
                K. Samelson and   
                B. Vauquois and   
             J. H. Wegstein and   
         A. van Wijngaarden and   
                 M. Woodger and   
                       P. Nauer   Revised Report on the Algorithmic
                                  Language ALGOL 60  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--17
                     M. Woodger   Supplement to the ALGOL 60 report  . . . 18--20
                    R. E. Utman   Suggestions on ALGOL 60 (ROME) issues    20--23
           Melvin E. Conway and   
                 Joseph Speroni   Arithmetizing declarations: an
                                  application to COBOL . . . . . . . . . . 24--27
             A. K. Scidmore and   
                 B. L. Weinberg   Storage and Search Properties of a
                                  Tree-Organized Memory System . . . . . . 28--31
                 Mandalay Grems   Pracniques: Terms frequently combined in
                                  problem description  . . . . . . . . . . 31--31
             M. J. R. Healy and   
                   B. P. Bogert   FORTRAN subroutines for time series
                                  analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--34
                  J. H. Cadwell   A recursive program for the general
                                  $n$-dimensional integral . . . . . . . . 35--36
                   G. Marsaglia   Generating discrete random variables in
                                  a computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--38
               Peter G. Behrenz   Certification of Algorithm 31: GAMMA
                                  function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38--38
                        P. Naur   Remarks on Algorithm 42: INVERT  . . . . 38--38
                        P. Naur   Remarks on and certification of
                                  Algorithm 50: Inverse of a finite
                                  segment of the Hilbert matrix  . . . . . 38--39
                        P. Naur   Certification of algorithm for
                                  calculating primes by means of GPS . . . 39--39
                        P. Naur   Remark on Algorithm 107: Gauss's method  39--39
                        P. Naur   Remarks on and certification of
                                  Algorithm 52: A set of test matrices . . 39--39
                        P. Naur   Certification of Algorithms 117 and 118:
                                  Magic squares (even and odd orders)  . . 39--40
                        P. Naur   Certification of Algorithms 120 and
                                  matrix inversion by Gauss--Jordan
                                  inversion II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--40

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 2, February, 1963

                      Anonymous   Standards: Common Programming Languages  51--51
                Howard Bromberg   Standards: USA National Activity Report
                                  to ISO/TC 97/Working Group E ---
                                  Computers and Information Processing.
                                  Dated 27 September 1962  . . . . . . . . 51--51
                        S. Gorn   Standards: USA NATIONAL ACTIVITY REPORT
                                  TO ISO/TC 97/Working Group E: Computers
                                  and Information Processing (Dated 27
                                  September 1962)  . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--51
                Donald E. Knuth   Letter to the Editor: Evaluation of
                                  polynomials by computer  . . . . . . . . 51--51
             William D. McNally   Letter to the Editor: Content-Oriented
                                  Computer Languages . . . . . . . . . . . 51--51
                Robert F. Rosin   Letter to the Editor: BCD Data in ALGOL
                                  58 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--51
                  Gerald Salton   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . 51--51
             Joan C. Miller and   
            Clifford J. Maloney   Systematic mistake analysis of digital
                                  computer programs  . . . . . . . . . . . 58--63
                L. D. Yarbrough   Decimal-to-binary conversion of short
                                  fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63--64
                 Mandalay Grems   Glossary construction  . . . . . . . . . 64--65
              Theodore S. Lewis   Character manipulation in FORTRAN  . . . 65--65
           William C. White and   
          Marvin B. Shapiro and   
                Arnold W. Pratt   Linear programming applied to
                                  ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy  . . 66--67
                 H. Rutishauser   Algorithm 150: Syminv2 . . . . . . . . . 67--68
                    F. L. Bauer   Algorithm 153: Gomory  . . . . . . . . . 68--68
                    John Hopley   Algorithm 152: NEXCOM  . . . . . . . . . 68--68
                Henry F. Walter   Algorithm 151: Location of a vector in a
                                  lexicographically ordered list . . . . . 68--68
                Noelle A. Meyer   Certification of Algorithm 73:
                                  Incomplete elliptic integrals  . . . . . 69--69
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 32: MULTINT   69--69

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 3, March, 1963

            Victor H. Yngve and   
                 Jean E. Sammet   Toward better documentation of
                                  programming languages: introduction  . . 76--76
                     Peter Naur   Documentation problems: ALGOL 60 . . . . 77--79
           Joseph F. Cunningham   COBOL  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79--82
                Victor H. Yngve   COMIT  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--84
                  W. P. Heising   Fortran  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--86
                   Allen Newell   Documentation of IPL-V . . . . . . . . . 86--89
            Christopher J. Shaw   Jovial and its documentation . . . . . . 89--91
                 M. H. Halstead   NELIAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91--92
                Howard Bromberg   Survey of programming languages and
                                  processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--98
                   M. J. Garber   Addressing an array $ Y_i $ in
                                  $k$-dimensions by Fortran for analysis
                                  of variance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100--101
                 M. D. Mc Ilroy   A variant method of file searching . . . 101--101
                Robert J. Mayer   Selective instruction trap for the 7090  101--101
                  M. D. McIlroy   A Variant Method of File Searching . . . 101--101
               William S. LaSor   Test matrix for inversion  . . . . . . . 102--102
              Charles J. Mifsud   Algorithm 156: Algebra of sets . . . . . 103--103
              Charles J. Mifsud   Algorithm 154: Combination in
                                  lexicographical order  . . . . . . . . . 103--103
              Charles J. Mifsud   Algorithm 155: Combination in any order  103--103
              Charles J. Mifsud   Algorithm 157: Fourier Series
                                  Approximation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103--103
                   Eva S. Clark   Certification of Algorithm 79:
                                  Difference expression coefficients . . . 104--104
                 David W. Digby   Algorithm 159: Determinant . . . . . . . 104--104
                Henry E. Fettis   Algorithm 158: (Algorithm 134, revised)
                                  Exponentiation of series . . . . . . . . 104--104
                   H. E. Fettis   Algorithm 158: Exponentiation of Series  104
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 96: Ancestor  104--105
                 K. M. Bosworth   Certifications of Algorithms 117 and
                                  118: Magic square (odd and even orders)  105--105
                 Peter J. Brown   Note on the proof of the non-existence
                                  of a phrase structure grammar for ALGOL
                                  60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--105
             Donald L. Laughlin   Remark on Algorithm 133: Random  . . . . 105--105
               Gene T. Thompson   Characteristic values and vectors of
                                  defective matrices . . . . . . . . . . . 106--107
              Perry A. Scheinok   A computational extension of the variate
                                  difference method  . . . . . . . . . . . 107--108
                   H. A. Luther   An iterative factorization technique for
                                  polynomials  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108--110
                  Max Goldstein   Significance arithmetic on a digital
                                  computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111--117
                W. D. Climenson   RECOL---a retrieval command language . . 117--122
                  V. W. Whitley   Everyman's information retrieval system  123--126

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 4, April, 1963

               W. Barkley Fritz   Selected definitions . . . . . . . . . . 152--158
                      Anonymous   Official actions and responses to ALGOL
                                  as a programming language  . . . . . . . 159--160
               Fred G. Stockton   Algorithm 162: XYMOVE Plotting . . . . . 161--161
              M. L. Wolfson and   
                   H. V. Wright   Algorithm 160: Combinatorial of $M$
                                  things taken $N$ at a time . . . . . . . 161--161
               H. V. Wright and   
                  M. L. Wolfson   Algorithm 161: Combinatorial of $M$
                                  things taken one at a time, two at a
                                  time, up to $N$ at a time  . . . . . . . 161--161
                Henry E. Fettis   Algorithm 163: Modified Hankel function  161--162
                R. E. Clark and   
                R. N. Kubik and   
                 L. P. Phillips   Algorithm 164: Orthogonal polynomial
                                  least squares surface fit  . . . . . . . 162--163
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Algorithm 165: Complete elliptic
                                  integrals  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163--164
                   R. D. Rodman   Algorithm 166: MonteCarlo  . . . . . . . 164--164
                   W. Kahan and   
                      I. Farkas   Algorithm 167: Calculation of Confluent
                                  Divided Differences  . . . . . . . . . . 164--165
                   W. Kahan and   
                      I. Farkas   Algorithm 169: Newton Interpolation with
                                  Forward Divided Differences  . . . . . . 165--165
                   W. Kahan and   
                      I. Farkas   Algorithm 168: Newton Interpolation with
                                  Backward Divided Differences . . . . . . 165--165
                Paul E. Hennion   Algorithm 170: Reduction of a matrix
                                  containing polynomial elements . . . . . 165--166
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 55: Complete
                                  elliptic integral of the first kind  . . 166--167
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 149: Complete
                                  elliptic integral  . . . . . . . . . . . 166--167
                 Robert P. Hale   Certification of Algorithm 91: Chebyshev
                                  curvefit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167--167
            Jesse H. Poore, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 133: Random   167--167
              R. P. van de Riet   Certification of Algorithm 73:
                                  Incomplete elliptic integrals  . . . . . 167--167
                Wm. M. McKeeman   Certification of Algorithm 145: Adaptive
                                  numerical integration by Simpson's rule  167--168
              J. N. R. Barnecut   Certification of Algorithm 148: Term of
                                  magic square . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168--168
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 147 [S14]:
                                  PSIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168--168
                   Dmitri Thoro   Certification of Algorithm 148: Term of
                                  magic square . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168--168
         Miriam G. Shoffner and   
                 Peter J. Brown   Programming Languages: A suggested
                                  method of making fuller use of strings
                                  in ALGOL 60  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169--171
                    Brian Gluss   Least squares fitting of planes to
                                  surfaces using dynamic programming . . . 172--175

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 5, May, 1963

                  C. C. Gotlieb   Sorting on Computers . . . . . . . . . . 194--201
                Martin A. Goetz   Internal and tape Sorting using the
                                  Replacement-Selection Technique  . . . . 201--206
              Thomas N. Hibbard   An Empirical Study of Minimal-Storage
                                  Sorting  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206--213
               Harold H. Manker   Multiphase Sorting . . . . . . . . . . . 214--217
          W. David Malcolm, Jr.   String Distribution for the Polyphase
                                  Sort . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217--220
                  R. L. Gilstad   Read-Backward Polyphase Sorting  . . . . 220--223
            Martin A. Goetz and   
                 Gloria S. Toth   A Comparison Between the Polyphase and
                                  Oscillating Sort Techniques  . . . . . . 223--225
               Norman C. French   Computer Planned Collates  . . . . . . . 225--227
               William S. Cooke   A Tape File Merge Pattern Generator  . . 227--230
                  John B. Glore   Sorting Nonredundant Files ---
                                  Techniques Used in the FACT Compiler . . 231--240
                Joel Falkin and   
             Sal Savastano, Jr.   Sorting with Large-Volume,
                                  Random-Access, Drum Storage  . . . . . . 240--244
                Martin A. Goetz   Organization and Structure of Data on
                                  Disk File Memory Systems for Efficient
                                  Sorting and Other Data Processing
                                  Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245--248
              George U. Hubbard   Some Characteristics of Sorting in
                                  Computing Systems using Random-Access
                                  Storage Devices  . . . . . . . . . . . . 248--255
                 J. B. Paterson   Sorting Systems: The COBOL Sort Verb . . 255--258
                Michael H. Hall   A Method of Comparing the Time
                                  Requirements of Sorting Methods  . . . . 259--263
                Martin A. Goetz   Design and Characteristics of a
                                  Variable-Length Record Sort Using New
                                  Fixed-Length Record Sorting Techniques   264--267
                  David J. Waks   Conversion, reconversion and comparison
                                  techniques in variable-length sorting    267--272
      Edward H. Sussenguth, Jr.   Use of Tree Structures for Processing
                                  Files  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272--279

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 6, June, 1963

                        S. Gorn   Structures of standards-processing
                                  organizations in the computer area . . . 294--305
                    R. W. Bemer   A Note on Range Transformations for
                                  Square Root and Logarithm  . . . . . . . 306--307
             Elizabeth Wall and   
               Richard M. Brown   A penny-matching program . . . . . . . . 307--308
          Catherine Britton and   
                   I. F. Wagner   A computer program for analysis of
                                  variance for a $2$-level factorial
                                  design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308--309
                   John Caffrey   Pracniques: Another test matrix for
                                  determinants and inverses  . . . . . . . 310--310
              Thomas G. Sanborn   Pracniques: Self-inverse conversion
                                  table  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310--310
                 John E. Fedako   Pracniques: 1410 Fortran edit feature    310--311
            Otomar Hájek   Algorithm 173: Assign  . . . . . . . . . 311--311
                     Allan Gibb   Algorithm 174: A Posteriori Bounds on a
                                  Zero of a Polynomial . . . . . . . . . . 311--312
                 C. J. Shaw and   
                  T. N. Trimble   Algorithm 175: Shuttle sort  . . . . . . 312--313
                  T. D. Arthurs   Algorithm 176: Least squares surface fit 313--313
                    M. J. Synge   Algorithm 177: Least squares solution
                                  with constraints . . . . . . . . . . . . 313--313
           Arthur F. Kaupe, Jr.   Algorithm 178: Direct search . . . . . . 313--314
               Oliver G. Ludwig   Algorithm 179: Incomplete beta ratio . . 314--314
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Algorithm 180: Error function---large
                                  $X$  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314--315
             W. M. McKeeman and   
                   Larry Tesler   Algorithm 182: Nonrecursive Adaptive
                                  Integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315--315
      Henry C. Thacher, Jr. and   
                    Paul Shaman   Algorithm 181: Complementary error
                                  function---large $X$ . . . . . . . . . . 315--315
                  H. R. Schwarz   Algorithm 183: Reduction of a symmetric
                                  bandmatrix to triple diagonal form . . . 315--316
                    Kazuo Isoda   Certification of Algorithm 74: Curve
                                  fitting with constraints . . . . . . . . 316--316
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 123: Real
                                  error function, \tt ERF(x) . . . . . . . 316--316
               R. W. Conway and   
                  W. L. Maxwell   CORC---the Cornell computing language    317--321
           Marek Greniewski and   
               Wladyslaw Turski   The External Language KLIPA for the
                                  URAL-2 Digital Computer  . . . . . . . . 321--324
                 H. N. Cantrell   Incompressible flow network calculations 325--328
                  Thomas Schick   Disk file sorting  . . . . . . . . . . . 330--331
               Harry Rudloe and   
             Martin Deutsch and   
                  Thomas Marill   PIP: a photo-interpretive program for
                                  the analysis of spark-chamber data . . . 332--335
           Raymond A. Kliphardt   DESCRIPTRAN---automated descriptive
                                  geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336--339

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 7, July, 1963

               H. D. Huskey and   
                 Ralph Love and   
                  Niklaus Wirth   A syntactic description of BC NELIAC . . 367--375
                     R. V. Head   Real-time programming specifications . . 376--383
               Robert M. Gordon   Checking for loops in networks . . . . . 384--384
                  O. C. Juelich   Further remarks on sampling a tape
                                  file---III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384--384
                   S. H. Eisman   Polynomial Evaluation Revisited  . . . . 384--385
                      Anonymous   Realizing Boolean connectives on the IBM
                                  1620 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385--385
                    John Hopley   Algorithm 152: Nexcom  . . . . . . . . . 385--385
                      A. Colker   Algorithm 184: Erlang Probability for
                                  Curve Fitting  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386--386
                      A. Colker   Algorithm 185: Normal probability for
                                  curve fitting  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386--386
              R. P. van de Riet   Algorithm 186: Complex arithmetic  . . . 386--387
               F. Rodriguez-Gil   Algorithm 188: Smoothing 1 . . . . . . . 387--387
               F. Rodriguez-Gil   Algorithm 189: Smoothing 2 . . . . . . . 387--387
              R. P. van de Riet   Algorithm 187: Differences and
                                  derivatives  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387--387
                Henry E. Fettis   Algorithm 193: Reversion of series . . . 388--388
                    A. P. Relph   Algorithm 192: Confluent hypergeometric  388--388
                    A. P. Relph   Algorithm 190: Complex power . . . . . . 388--388
                    A. P. Relph   Algorithm 191: Hypergeometric  . . . . . 388--388
                   Joanne Kondo   Certification of Algorithm 105: Newton
                                  Maehly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389--389
                    Cleve Moler   Remark on certification of matrix
                                  inversion procedures . . . . . . . . . . 389--389
              Arthur Evans, Jr.   Remark on Algorithm 150: Syminv2 . . . . 390--390
                 H. Rutishauser   Remark on Algorithm 150: Syminv2 . . . . 390--390
               Michael J. Synge   Remark on Algorithm 177: Least squares
                                  solution with constraints  . . . . . . . 390--390
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithms 134 and 158
                                  exponentiation of series . . . . . . . . 390--390
              John McCarthy and   
 Fernando J. Corbató and   
            Marjorie M. Daggett   The linking segment subprogram language
                                  and linking loader . . . . . . . . . . . 391--391
            T. E. Cheatham, Jr.   Programming languages  . . . . . . . . . 391--395
               Melvin E. Conway   Design of a Separable Transition-Diagram
                                  Compiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 396--408
               Benson H. Scheff   A catalogue entry retrieval system . . . 409--412

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 8, August, 1963

                  J. S. Folkers   Letter to the Editor: construction of
                                  school time-tables by a computer . . . . 421--421
                       H. Lorin   Letter to the Editor: an omission in
                                  Mendoza  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421--421
                  Mark B. Wells   Letter to the Editor: on ALGOL 60 as a
                                  publication language . . . . . . . . . . 421--421
                    S. Gorn and   
                R. W. Bemer and   
                       J. Green   American Standard Code for Information
                                  Interchange  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422--426
                  M. Lehman and   
                  Z. Netter and   
                       R. Eshed   SABRAC, a time-sharing low-cost computer 427--429
               H. Earl Ferguson   Debugging systems at the source language
                                  level  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430--432
               Henry J. Bowlden   A list-type storage technique for
                                  alphanumeric information . . . . . . . . 433--434
                  H. D. Baecker   Mapped list structures . . . . . . . . . 435--438
                     V. J. Ford   Letter to the Editor: B5000 COBOL-61
                                  compiler equipment configurations  . . . 438--438
                 David F. Keyes   Multiple-precision binary-to-decimal
                                  integer conversion using only addition
                                  and subtraction  . . . . . . . . . . . . 439--439
                    D. D. Smith   Character manipulation in 7090 FORTRAN   440--440
                 Carlos Domingo   Algorithm 194: ZERSOL  . . . . . . . . . 441--441
              Donald H. Thurnau   Algorithm 195: BANDSOLVE . . . . . . . . 441--441
               Robert D. Rodman   Algorithm 196: Muller's Method for
                                  Finding Roots of an Arbitrary Function   442--443
                       M. Wells   Algorithm 197: Matrix division . . . . . 443--443
      William Marshall McKeeman   Algorithm 198: Adaptive integration and
                                  multiple integration . . . . . . . . . . 443--444
                      R. George   Algorithm 200: Normal Random . . . . . . 444
              Robert G. Tantzen   Algorithm 199: Conversions between
                                  calendar date and Julian day number  . . 444--444
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 201: Shellsort . . . . . . . . 445
               James F. Bridges   Certification of Algorithm 38: Telescope
                                  2  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445--445
                        P. Naur   Correction to earlier remarks on
                                  Algorithm 42: Invert, Algorithm 107:
                                  Gauss's method, Algorithm 120: Inversion
                                  II, and gjr  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445--445
                 C. Domingo and   
               F. Rodriquez-Gil   Certification of Algorithm 43: Crout II  445--446
                 Richard George   Certification of Algorithm 47:
                                  Associated Legendre functions of the
                                  first kind for real or imaginary
                                  arguments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446--446
                        P. Naur   Additional remarks on Algorithm 52: A
                                  set of test matrices . . . . . . . . . . 446--446
                 B. Randell and   
                  L. J. Russell   Certification of Algorithms 63, 64 and
                                  65, partition, quicksort, and find . . . 446--446
                  P. E. Hennion   Remark on Algorithm 77: Interpolation,
                                  differentiation, and integration . . . . 446--447
                        P. Naur   Certification of Algorithm 85: Jacobi    447--448
                 Richard George   Certification of Algorithm 140: Matrix
                                  inversion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448--448
                 K. M. Bosworth   Certification of Algorithm 154:
                                  Combination in lexicographical order . . 449--449
                 K. M. Bosworth   Certification of Algorithm 155:
                                  Combination in any order . . . . . . . . 449--449
                   B. Lefkowitz   Certification of Algorithm 153: GOMORY   449--449
                 C. V. Bitterli   Certification of Algorithm 164:
                                  Orthogonal polynomial least squares
                                  surface fit  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450--450
                 K. M. Bosworth   Certification of Algorithm 156: Algebra
                                  of sets  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450--450
            William E. Fletcher   Certification of Algorithm 162: XYMOVE
                                  plotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450--450
                  P. E. Hennion   Remark on Algorithm 170: Reduction of a
                                  matrix containing polynomial elements    450--450
                   Dmitri Thoro   Certification of Algorithm 160:
                                  Combinatorial of $M$ things taken $N$ at
                                  a time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450--450
                   Dmitri Thoro   Certification of Algorithm 161:
                                  Combinatorial of $M$ things taken one at
                                  a time two at a time, up to $N$ at a
                                  time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450--450
                  J. Eickel and   
                    M. Paul and   
                F. L. Bauer and   
                    K. Samelson   A syntax controlled generator of formal
                                  language processors  . . . . . . . . . . 451--455
   Alfonso Caracciolo di Forino   Some remarks on the syntax of symbolic
                                  programming languages  . . . . . . . . . 456--460
   Alfonso Caracciolo Di Forino   Some remarks on the syntax of symbolic
                                  programming languages  . . . . . . . . . 456--460
           Arthur F. Kaupe, Jr.   A note on the dangling else ALGOL 60 . . 460--460
                     I. C. Pyle   Dialects of FORTRAN  . . . . . . . . . . 462--467
                  M. P. Barnett   Continued operation notation for symbol
                                  manipulation and array processing  . . . 467--472
                 Arthur B. Kahn   Skeletal structure of PERT and CPA
                                  computer programs  . . . . . . . . . . . 473--479
                  Jesse H. Katz   Simulation of a traffic network  . . . . 480--486
         Wayne A. Danielson and   
                   Bruce Briggs   A computer program for editing the news  487--490
                  David A. Pope   An exponential method of numerical
                                  integration of ordinary differential
                                  equations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491--493

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 9, September, 1963

                  John M. Blatt   Ye indiscreet monitor  . . . . . . . . . 506--510
                    J. F. Egler   A procedure for converting logic table
                                  conditions into an efficient sequence of
                                  test instructions  . . . . . . . . . . . 510--514
                Arnold I. Dumey   Note on stochastic matrices  . . . . . . 515--515
                Donald P. Moore   Closing out a print tape . . . . . . . . 515--515
               A. C. R. Newbery   Pei matrix eigenvectors  . . . . . . . . 515--515
               Robert D. Rodman   A note on a set of test matrices for
                                  inversion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515--515
                Wen-Hwa Chu and   
             Donald R. Saathoff   A semi-iterative process for evaluating
                                  arctangents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516--517
                  Mok-Kong Shen   Algorithm 202: Generation of
                                  permutations in lexicographical order    517--517
                 E. J. Wasscher   Algorithm 203: STEEP1  . . . . . . . . . 517--519
              J. G. A. Haubrich   Algorithm 205: ATIVE . . . . . . . . . . 519--519
                   Misako Konda   Algorithm 206: ARCCOSSIN . . . . . . . . 519--519
                 E. J. Wasscher   Algorithm 204: STEEP2  . . . . . . . . . 519--519
                 Bruce H. Freed   Algorithm 41, revision evaluation of
                                  determinant  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520--520
                 Bruce H. Freed   Certification of Algorithm 41:
                                  Evaluation of determinant  . . . . . . . 520--520
                 Carl B. Wright   Certification of Algorithm 45: Interest  520--521
                 E. J. Wasscher   Remark on Algorithm 129 MINIFUN: MINIFUN 521--521
                 Richard George   Remark on Algorithm 157: Fourier series
                                  approximation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521--522
             J. Dennis Lawrence   Certification of Algorithm 158:
                                  Exponentiation of series . . . . . . . . 522--522
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 163: Modified
                                  Hankel function  . . . . . . . . . . . . 522--522
                   R. D. Rodman   Remark on Algorithm 166: MonteCarlo
                                  inverse  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523--523
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 167:
                                  Calculation of confluent divided
                                  differences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523--523
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 168: Newton
                                  interpolation with backward divided
                                  differences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523--523
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 169: Newton
                                  interpolation with forward divided
                                  differences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523--523
                  J. Weizenbaum   Programming Languages: Symmetric List
                                  Processor  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524--536, A1--A15
                   H. J. Gawlik   MIRFAC: a compiler based on standard
                                  mathematical notation and plain English  545--547
                  Niklaus Wirth   A generalization of ALGOL  . . . . . . . 547--554
                Donald E. Knuth   Computer-Drawn Flowcharts  . . . . . . . 555--563
               D. Greenspan and   
                        M. Yohe   On the approximate solution of $ \Delta
                                  (u) = F(u) $ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564--568
                  K. W. Smillie   A general program for the analysis of
                                  square and rectangular lattice designs   568--572
                E. M. McCormick   Group participation computer
                                  demonstration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573--574
               J. Harold McBeth   Letter to the Editor: on the reference
                                  counter method . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575--575
              Arthur S. Radford   Letter to the Editor: on word
                                  combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575--575
               Herbert J. Hauer   An Open Letter to X3.42  . . . . . . . . A15--A15

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 10, October, 1963

            Donald E. Knuth and   
                Martin A. Goetz   Letter to the Editor: Three letters on
                                  merging  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 585--587
                   Misako Konda   Letter to the Editor: correction to
                                  FUSBUDET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 587--587
             Robert J. Rossheim   Report on proposed American Standard
                                  Flowchart Symbols for Information
                                  Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 599--604
               M. J. Bailey and   
              M. P. Barnett and   
                 R. P. Futrelle   Format-free input in FORTRAN . . . . . . 605--608
            Naomi Rotenberg and   
                   Ascher Opler   Variable width stacks  . . . . . . . . . 608--611
             G. M. Weinberg and   
                 G. L. Gressett   An experiment in automatic verification
                                  of programs  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 610--613
              George Hutchinson   Partitioning algorithms for finite sets  613--614
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 207: Stringsort  . . . . . . . 615--615
        William T. Foreman, Jr.   Algorithm 208: Discrete convolution  . . 615--616
                    D. Ibbetson   Algorithm 209: Gauss . . . . . . . . . . 616--616
             George R. Schubert   Algorithm 210: Lagrangian Interpolation  616--616
                Malcolm D. Gray   Algorithm 212: Frequency distribution    617--617
                Malcolm D. Gray   Algorithm 213: Fresnel Integrals . . . . 617--617
             George R. Schubert   Algorithm 211: Hermite Interpolation . . 617--617
              Robert F. Blakely   Certification of Algorithm 160
                                  combinatorial of $M$ things taken $N$ at
                                  a time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618--618
                Malcolm D. Gray   Remark on Algorithms 88, 89, and 90
                                  evaluation of the Fresnel integrals  . . 618--618
                    D. Ibbetson   Remark on Algorithm 123: \tt ERF . . . . 618--618
                Albert Newhouse   Certification of Algorithm 27:
                                  Assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618--618
             George R. Schubert   Remark on Algorithm 157: Fourier series
                                  approximation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618--618
               David H. Collins   Certification of Algorithm 161:
                                  Combinatorial of $M$ things taken one at
                                  a time, two at a time, up to $N$ at time 619--619
                Thomas A. Dwyer   Certification of Algorithm 210: Hermite
                                  interpolation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619--619
                  Z. Filsak and   
            L. Vrchoveká   Certification of Algorithm 173: Assign   619--619
             George R. Schubert   Certification of Algorithm 175:
                                  Shuttlesort  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619--619
                   R. S. Scowen   Certification of Algorithm 173: Assign   619--619
                  M. O. Dayhoff   A Contour-Map Program for X-ray
                                  Crystallography  . . . . . . . . . . . . 620--622
              Thomas Marill and   
             Daniel Edwards and   
               Wallace Feurzeig   DATA-DIAL: two-way communication with
                                  computers from ordinary dial telephones  622--624
         Glenn V. Dalrymple and   
            Ruheri Perez-Tamayo   A numerical method for the determination
                                  of moving field isodose curves for
                                  treatment planning in radiotherapy . . . 625--626
               James D. Edwards   An automatic data acquisition and
                                  inquiry system using disk files  . . . . 626--630
              B. G. Carlson and   
                 E. A. Voorhees   Use of the disk file on stretch  . . . . 631--634
                    Herman Hess   A comparison of disks and tapes  . . . . 634--638
                  P. Krolak and   
                      L. Cooper   An extension of Fibonaccian search to
                                  several variables  . . . . . . . . . . . 639--641
                 Alan J. Perlis   Computation's development critical to
                                  our society  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 642--642

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 11, November, 1963

                S. A. Brown and   
              C. E. Drayton and   
                     B. Mittman   A description of the APT language  . . . 649--658
                    J. F. Traub   USA participation in an international
                                  standard glossary on information
                                  processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 658--659
             John A. Gosden and   
               Roger E. Gay and   
              John L. Jones and   
             Jack N. Merner and   
            Christopher J. Shaw   Report of a visit to discuss common
                                  programming languages in Czechoslovakia
                                  and Poland, 1963 . . . . . . . . . . . . 660--661
 J. M. S. Simões Pereira   Algorithm 214: $q$-Bessel Functions $
                                  I_n(t)$  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 662--662
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Algorithm 215: Shanks  . . . . . . . . . 662--662
                 Richard George   Algorithm 216: SMOOTH  . . . . . . . . . 663--663
                  P. E. Hennion   Remark on Algorithm 77: Interpolation,
                                  differentiation, and integration . . . . 663--663
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 8: Euler
                                  summation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 663--663
                  Don L. Weimer   A serial technique to determine minimum
                                  paths  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 664--666
                 James A. Ayers   Recursive programming in Fortran II  . . 667--668
               R. G. Loomis and   
                       J. Rubin   Flexible abbreviation of words in a
                                  computer language  . . . . . . . . . . . 668--668
                    E. T. Irons   An error-correcting parse algorithm  . . 669--673
                  Mark B. Wells   Recent improvements in MADCAP  . . . . . 674--678
                  Jesse H. Katz   Optimizing bit-time computer simulation  679--685
                Donald E. Knuth   Length of strings for a merge sort . . . 685--688
                     I. C. Tang   On the computation of a certain type of
                                  incomplete Beta functions  . . . . . . . 689--689
               Leonard D. Gross   Coding clinical laboratory data for
                                  automatic storage and retrieval  . . . . 690--694
              A. C. Andrews and   
               John Hassler and   
                    Frank DeCou   Application of IBM 1620 EDP methods to
                                  the calculation of the formulation
                                  constants of complex ions  . . . . . . . 694--694

Communications of the ACM
Volume 6, Number 12, December, 1963

                James B. Eckert   Account classification at automating
                                  banks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 701--704
            George J. Leibowitz   Recent developments affecting ADP in tax
                                  administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . 704--708
                     M. Sanders   Telefile: a case study of an online
                                  savings bank application . . . . . . . . 708--712
                   Roy N. Freed   Some legal implications of the use of
                                  computers in the banking business  . . . 713--720
            Christopher J. Shaw   Standards: A specification of JOVIAL . . 721--736
              William A. Briggs   Algorithm 217: Minimum excess cost curve 737--737
            Phyllis M. Lukehard   Algorithm 218: Kutta Merson  . . . . . . 737--738
                 Robert H. Kase   Algorithm 219: Topological Ordering for
                                  PERT Networks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 738--739
                  O. C. Juelich   Remark on Algorithm 175: Shuttle Sort    739--739, 745
                 Arnold Lapidus   Certification of Algorithm 159:
                                  Determinant  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 739--739
                Peter W. Shantz   Algorithm 220: Gauss--Seidel . . . . . . 739--739
                Robert D. Witty   Certification of Algorithm 27:
                                  Assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 739--739
                  M. P. Barnett   Techniques: Indexing and the
                                  $A$-notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 740--745
               Thomas S. Englar   Pracnique: More test matrices for
                                  determinants and inverses  . . . . . . . 745--745
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 193:
                                  Reversion of Series  . . . . . . . . . . 745--745
                      Anonymous   SIGMAP workshop on control languages for
                                  mathematical programming: a report . . . 750--750


Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 1, January, 1964

                  H. Kanner and   
                C. Robinson and   
                    P. Kosinski   Eliminate stack mechanisms in computer
                                  hardware?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--1
             Michael Montalbano   Egler's procedure refuted  . . . . . . . 1--1
                     J. R. Voss   In defense of ALGOL 60 as a publication
                                  language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--2
            L. D. Yarbrough and   
                  J. Weizenbaum   SLIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--2
              J. C. Richter and   
                Geogre H. Mealy   More indiscretions . . . . . . . . . . . 2--3
              Bernard A. Galler   ``Simple I/O'' MAD statements  . . . . . 3--3
               G. Marsaglia and   
             M. D. MacLaren and   
                     T. A. Bray   A fast procedure for generating normal
                                  random variables . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--10
          Robert T. Gregory and   
                 James L. Raney   Floating-point arithmetic with $ 84$-bit
                                  numbers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--13
                 D. R. Comstock   A note on multiplying Boolean matrices
                                  II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13--13
                   W. Kahan and   
                   J. J. Leppik   A FORTRAN Post-Mortem Procedure  . . . . 15--15
                 Jan V. Garwick   GARGOYLE: a language for compiler
                                  writing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--20
                   R. H. Miller   An example in ``significant-digit''
                                  arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21--21
               James T. Day and   
          George W. Collins, II   On the numerical solution of boundary
                                  value problems for linear ordinary
                                  differential equations . . . . . . . . . 22--23
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   An efficient composite formula for
                                  multidimensional quadrature  . . . . . . 23--25
               Stephen H. Unger   GIT---a heuristic program for testing
                                  pairs of directed line graphs for
                                  isomorphism  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26--34
             Donald Robbins and   
                   W. E. Taylor   Digital computer determination of alpha
                                  source activity  . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--38
           Arthur F. Kaupe, Jr.   On optimal search techniques . . . . . . 38--38
                  J. Weizenbaum   More on the reference counter method of
                                  erasing list structures  . . . . . . . . 38--38
            Beatrice H. Worsley   Analysis of decay-type data  . . . . . . 39--44

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 2, February, 1964

                   Gene F. Rose   An extension of ALGOL-like languages . . 52--61
                Robert W. Floyd   Bounded context syntactic analysis . . . 62--67
                    E. T. Irons   ``Structural connections'' in formal
                                  languages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--72
              B. M. Leavenworth   FORTRAN IV as a syntax language  . . . . 72--80
             Kenneth E. Iverson   Formalism in programming languages . . . 80--88
                   A. J. Perlis   A format language  . . . . . . . . . . . 89--97
               T. B. Steel, Jr.   Beginnings of a Theory of Information
                                  Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97--103
           Lionello A. Lombardi   A general business-oriented language
                                  based on decision expressions  . . . . . 104--111
               R. W. Allard and   
                 K. A. Wolf and   
                   R. A. Zemlin   Some effects of the 6600 computer on
                                  language structures  . . . . . . . . . . 112--119
                  R. A. Brooker   A programming package for some general
                                  modes of arithmetic  . . . . . . . . . . 119--127
               A. J. Perlis and   
               Renato Iturriaga   An extension to ALGOL for manipulating
                                  formulae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127--130
                Douglas T. Ross   On context and ambiguity in parsing  . . 131--133
                        S. Gorn   Summary remarks  . . . . . . . . . . . . 133--136

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 3, March, 1964

                Walter Gautschi   Algorithm 221: Gamma functions . . . . . 143--143
                Walter Gautschi   Algorithm 222: Incomplete beta functions
                                  ratios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143--143
                     Peter Naur   Certification of Algorithm 122:
                                  Tridiagonal matrix . . . . . . . . . . . 144--145
          Stephen P. Barton and   
                 John F. Wagner   Remark on Algorithm 123  . . . . . . . . 145--148
                     Peter Naur   Certification of Algorithm 150: SYMINV2  148--148
                       M. Wells   Certification of Algorithm 197: Matrix
                                  division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148--148
              James P. Anderson   A Note on Some Compiling Algorithms  . . 149--150
              M. P. Barnett and   
               J. M. Gerard and   
                  A. W. Sambles   Comments on ``a continued operation
                                  notation'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150--152
                    S. Gorn and   
                R. W. Bemer and   
                   J. Green and   
                       E. Lohse   report on CCITT data communications
                                  study group meeting  . . . . . . . . . . 152--152
              Roger A. MacGowan   FORTRAN subroutines for time series data
                                  reduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153--157
               R. L. McAllester   Polyphase Sorting with Overlapped Rewind 158--159
                   J. Csima and   
                  C. C. Gotlieb   Tests on a computer method for
                                  constructing school timetables . . . . . 160--163
         Harry A. Clampett, Jr.   Randomized binary searching with tree
                                  structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163--165
             John H. Matthewman   The dangling ``else''  . . . . . . . . . 165--165
         Eugene S. Schwartz and   
                  Bruce Kallick   Generating a canonical prefix encoding   166--169
                    E. E. Zajac   Computer-made perspective movies as a
                                  scientific and communication tool  . . . 169--170
                Fred J. Damerau   A technique for computer detection and
                                  correction of spelling errors  . . . . . 171--176
                   H. A. Luther   A class of iterative techniques for the
                                  factorization of polynomials . . . . . . 177--179
            C. V. D. Forrington   A Fourier series method for the
                                  numerical solution of a class of
                                  parabolic partial differential equations 179--181
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Conversion of a power to a series of
                                  Chebyshev polynomials  . . . . . . . . . 181--182
                H. James Wilcox   Digital data processor for tracking the
                                  partially illuminated moon . . . . . . . 183--188
                 E. W. Dijkstra   Some comments on the aims of MIRFAC  . . 190--190

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 4, April, 1964

                   D. W. Barron   More views on monitor systems  . . . . . 203--203
             Katherine Jamerson   Hurrah!  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203--203
                   T. R. Savage   The hyphen controversy . . . . . . . . . 203--203
               Thomas A. Keenan   Computers and education  . . . . . . . . 205--209
                   A. J. Perlis   Programming of digital computers . . . . 210--211
                 Bruce W. Arden   On introducing digital computing . . . . 212--214
             George E. Forsythe   An undergraduate curriculum in numerical
                                  analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214--215
             Robert R. Karfhage   Logic for the computer sciences  . . . . 216--218
                      Saul Gorn   Mechanical languages: a course
                                  specification  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219--222
                David E. Muller   The place of logical design and
                                  switching theory in the computer
                                  curriculum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222--225
        William F. Atchison and   
                John W. Hamblen   Status of computer sciences curricula in
                                  colleges and universities  . . . . . . . 225--227
        Theodor D. Sterling and   
               M. Lichstein and   
                F. Scarpino and   
                    D. Stuebing   Professional computer work for the blind 228--230
           Daniel G. Bobrow and   
                Bertram Raphael   A comparison of list-processing computer
                                  languages: including a detailed
                                  comparison of COMIT, IPL-V, LISP 1.5,
                                  and SLIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231--240
              Harmon T. Galdwin   An algorithm for converting integers
                                  from base $ \alpha $ to base $ \beta $   241--242
                Bill Benson and   
                   Dave Stevens   On avoiding matrix reversals between
                                  7090 FORTRAN II and 7090 FORTRAN IV  . . 242--242
                 Mavis Griebrok   Decimal tables to binary coded tables    242--243
                     M. Shimrat   Algorithm 223: Prime Twins . . . . . . . 243--243
               Leo J. Rotenberg   Algorithm 224: Evaluation of Determinant 243--244
                Walter Gautschi   Certification of Algorithm 222:
                                  Incomplete beta function ratios  . . . . 244--244
                M. McKeeman and   
               Larry Tesler and   
               Harold S. Butler   Certification of Algorithm 182:
                                  Nonrecursive adaptive integration  . . . 244--244
                 A. Denisov and   
                   G. Popov and   
                Richard W. Judy   Designing a computer center  . . . . . . 252--255
             Joseph L. Balintfy   Menu planning by computer  . . . . . . . 255--259
                H. P. Edmundson   Problems in automatic abstracting  . . . 259--263
                   R. L. Pexton   Empirical bounds for Bessel functions    263--263

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 5, May, 1964

                D. E. Knuth and   
            L. L. Bumgarner and   
             D. E. Hamilton and   
             P. Z. Ingerman and   
              M. P. Lietzke and   
               J. N. Merner and   
                     D. T. Ross   A Proposal for Input-Output Conventions
                                  in ALGOL 60  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273--283
                   Franz L. Alt   ASA X3.4 meeting No. 33  . . . . . . . . 283--287
            Christopher J. Shaw   On declaring arbitrarily coded alphabets 288--290
              Melvin Klerer and   
                       Jack May   An experiment in a user-oriented
                                  computer system  . . . . . . . . . . . . 290--294
                    S. J. Cyvin   Algorithm 227: Chebyshev polynomial
                                  coefficients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295--295
                S. J. Cyvin and   
                    B. N. Cyvin   Algorithm 225: Gamma function with
                                  controlled accuracy  . . . . . . . . . . 295--295
                    S. J. Cyvin   Algorithm 226: Normal distribution
                                  function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295--295
 J. M. S. Simões Pereira   Algorithm 228: $Q$-Bessel functions $
                                  \bar {I}_n(t)$ . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295--296
                Otto C. Juelich   Remark on Algorithm 175: Shuttle sort    296--296
              James C. Morelock   Algorithm 229: Elementary functions by
                                  continued fractions  . . . . . . . . . . 296--296
                     Peter Naur   Remarks on Algorithm 91: Chebyshev curve
                                  fit  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296--296
                  Niklaus Wirth   Certification of Algorithm 146: Multiple
                                  integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296--296
            Walter H. Burkhardt   On semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297--297
              David E. Ferguson   Letter to the Editor: More on Merging    297--297
                Larry Schumaker   Certification of Algorithm 215: Shanks   297--297
             M. D. MacLaren and   
               G. Marsaglia and   
                     T. A. Bray   A fast procedure for generating
                                  exponential random variables . . . . . . 298--300
          Benrard A. Galler and   
              Michael J. Fisher   An Improved Equivalence Algorithm  . . . 301--303
            Arthur M. Rosenberg   Computer-usage accounting for
                                  generalized time-sharing systems . . . . 304--308
        James A. Warrington and   
                James H. Norris   Expand, a system for input card
                                  replication  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309--309
          Eugene Raichelson and   
                 George Collins   A method for comparing the internal
                                  operating speeds of computers  . . . . . 309--310
             A. Frank Ackermann   A Fortran II load-time saver . . . . . . 310--310
               Benson Perry and   
         Mortimer L. Mendelsohn   Picture generation with a standard line
                                  printer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311--313
              O. C. Juelich and   
                 James A. Ayers   On the recursive programming techniques  314--314
              Conrad H. Weisert   A comment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314--314
              Michael J. Bailey   More on ``simple I/O'' statements  . . . 314--315
                  Sanford Elkin   More on SLIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315--315
              D. T. Goodwin and   
                     J. L. Venn   On polyphase sort  . . . . . . . . . . . 315--315

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 6, June, 1964

                J. S. Aronofsky   Growing applications of linear
                                  programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325--332
                    S. Gorn and   
                R. W. Bemer and   
                   J. Green and   
                       E. Lohse   Proposed American Standard: Bit
                                  Sequencing of the American Standard Code
                                  for Information Interchange (ASCII) in
                                  Serial-by-Bit Data Transmission  . . . . 333--336
                      Anonymous   Proposed American Standard: Perforated
                                  Tape Code for Information Interchange    336--338
                      Anonymous   Proposed American Standard: one-inch
                                  perforated paper tape for information
                                  interchange  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338--339
               M. J. Bailey and   
              M. P. Barnett and   
                 P. B. Burleson   Symbol manipulation in FORTRAN: SASP I
                                  subroutines  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339--346
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 231: Matrix Inversion  . . . . 347
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 230: Matrix Permutation  . . . 347
              J. W. J. Williams   Algorithm 232: Heapsort  . . . . . . . . 347--348
                 G. E. Forsythe   Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347--349
                      F. Olynyk   Algorithm 233: Simpson's Rule for
                                  Multiple Integration . . . . . . . . . . 348--349
                     A. Hassitt   Design and implementation of a
                                  general-purpose input routine  . . . . . 350--356
                  Jack M. Wolfe   Reducing Truncation Errors by
                                  Programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355--356
                  W. T. Comfort   Multiword list items . . . . . . . . . . 357--362
                    W. J. Brian   A parts breakdown technique using list
                                  structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362--365
                  James F. Holt   Numerical solution of nonlinear
                                  two-point boundary problems by finite
                                  difference methods . . . . . . . . . . . 366--373
               Donald Greenspan   Approximate solution of axially
                                  symmetric problems . . . . . . . . . . . 373--377
                James M. Ortega   Generation of test matrices by
                                  similarity transformations . . . . . . . 377--378
                      Anonymous   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . 379--380
                Martin A. Goetz   Letter to the Editor: More on Sorting
                                  Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379--380
                      Anonymous   Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   An ACM state-of-the-art paper  . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   Numerical analysis . . . . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   Programming languages  . . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ??

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 7, July, 1964

                     Saul Rosen   A compiler-building system developed by
                                  Brooker and Morris: including a
                                  comprehensive discussion of the major
                                  features of the system . . . . . . . . . 403--414
                     K. C. Peng   Programming analysis of variance by
                                  sequences of operators and isomorphic
                                  mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415--416
                 Herbert Kanner   An automatic loader for subroutine nests 416--417
                R. L. ver Steeg   Talk---a high-level source language
                                  debugging technique with real-time data
                                  extraction: 26 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418--419
            Richard Durstenfeld   Algorithm 235: Random permutation  . . . 420--420
 J. M. S. Simões Pereira   Algorithm 234: Poisson--Charlier
                                  polynomials  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420--420
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Remark on Algorithm 60: Romberg
                                  integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420--421
      William Marshall McKeeman   Remark on Algorithm 135: Crout with
                                  equilibration and iteration  . . . . . . 421--421
                Karen B. Priebe   Reduction of a matrix containing
                                  polynomial elements  . . . . . . . . . . 421--421
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 128:
                                  Summation of Fourier series  . . . . . . 421--421
            T. E. Cheatham, Jr.   Editor's note: A successor to ALGOL? . . 422--422
                 Jan V. Garwick   Remark on further generalization of
                                  ALGOL  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422--423
                  O. G. Mancino   Characteristics of the FORTRAN CEP
                                  language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423--424
              Robert M. McClure   Remark on Gladwin's integer conversion   424--424
                P. A. Samet and   
                   P. J. Taylor   Comments on the ALCOR group
                                  representation of ALGOL symbols  . . . . 424--424
                   D. Teichroew   Papers presented at the third annual
                                  symposium of the San Francisco Bay Area
                                  chapter of ACM . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425--425
                    O. T. Gatto   Autosate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425--432
                   H. Hellerman   Experimental personalized array
                                  translator system  . . . . . . . . . . . 433--438
                Jack Belzer and   
                     W. Goffman   Theoretical considerations in
                                  information retrieval systems  . . . . . 439--442
                    W. A. Beyer   A note on starting the Newton--Raphson
                                  method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442--442
               Melvin A. Breuer   Techniques for the simulation of
                                  computer logic . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443--446
                    F. L. Bauer   Reply to comments by P. A. Samet and P.
                                  J. Taylor  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447--447

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 8, August, 1964

                   A. J. Perlis   How should ACM publish computer
                                  research?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461--461
              John W. Carr, III   Norbert Wiener . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462--462
                  R. E. Wengert   A simple automatic derivative evaluation
                                  program  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463--464
                  R. D. Wilkins   Investigation of a new analytical method
                                  for numerical derivative evaluation  . . 465--471
                  N. S. Newhall   An alternate checksum method . . . . . . 471--471
                Marvin L. Stein   Divide-and-Correct Methods for Multiple
                                  Precision Division . . . . . . . . . . . 472--474
            Marjorie P. Lietzke   A method of syntax-checking ALGOL 60 . . 475--478
           William M. Waite and   
                      H. Schorr   A note on the formation of free list . . 478--478
                    W. Gautschi   ACM Algorithm 236: Bessel Functions of
                                  the First Kind [S17] . . . . . . . . . . 479--480
                  J. E. L. Peck   Algorithm 237: Greatest common divisor   481--481
                   C. M. Reeves   Algorithm 238: Conjugate gradient method 481--481
                 W. M. McKeeman   Algorithm 239: Free field read . . . . . 481--482
                    D. K. Cavin   Remark on Algorithm 162: XY move
                                  plotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482--482
                     M. C. Pike   Certification of Algorithm 209: Gauss    482--482
                R. W. Bemer and   
                       J. Booth   Comments on bit-sequencing of the ASCII
                                  in serial-by-bit data transmission . . . 483--485
               David S. Collens   Remark on remarks on Algorithm 48:
                                  Logarithm of a complex number  . . . . . 485--485
                  W. Fraser and   
                     J. F. Hart   Remark on Algorithm 162: Near-minimax
                                  polynomial approximations and
                                  partitioning of intervals  . . . . . . . 486--489
                Roger J. Weldon   Machine controls for analysis of
                                  variance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 490--494
                     Sol Broder   Final Examination Scheduling . . . . . . 494--498
             Sheila A. Greibach   Formal parsing systems . . . . . . . . . 499--504
              Herbert S. Bright   A proposal on ACM organization . . . . . 505--506
          Bernard A. Galler and   
             Michael J. Fischer   In defense of the equivalence algorithm  506--506
                  Clay L. Perry   Comments on tape reels . . . . . . . . . 506--506
            Millard H. Perstein   Comments on computers in banking . . . . 506--506
             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM membership 507--509

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 9, September, 1964

                 Jack B. Dennis   A multiuser computation facility for
                                  education and research . . . . . . . . . 521--529
                 G. M. Weinberg   Solutions of combinatorial problems
                                  using generating functions on a
                                  variable-field computer  . . . . . . . . 530--534
          Claire K. Schultz and   
                Alan Brooks and   
               Phyllis Schwartz   Scheduling meetings with a computer  . . 534--541
         Richard K. Bennett and   
               H. David Neumann   Extension of existing compilers by
                                  sophisticated use of macros  . . . . . . 541--542
                D. R. Fitzwater   A storage allocation and reference
                                  structure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 542--545
                    Egon Dorrer   Algorithm 240: Coordinates On An
                                  Ellipsoid  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546--546
                    K. W. Mills   Algorithm 241: Arctangent  . . . . . . . 546--546
              Norman Davids and   
               Robert L. Berger   A computer analysis method for thermal
                                  diffusion in biochemical systems . . . . 547--551
          John R. B. Whittlesey   A rapid method for digital filtering . . 552--556
               Hans-J. Pohlmann   Internal sorting . . . . . . . . . . . . 556--556

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 10, October, 1964

                   H. J. Gawlik   MIRFAC: a reply to Professor Dijkstra    571--571
                      A. Nozaki   More on integer conversion . . . . . . . 571--571
             George R. Schubert   On reducing truncation errors by
                                  programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 571--571
                 Reed C. Lawlor   Copyright aspects of computer usage  . . 572--578
                Joseph P. Kates   Computer patent disclosures  . . . . . . 578--579
             Gunter A. Hauptman   Joint inventorship of computers  . . . . 579--580
              Kenneth B. Hamlin   Computer programs are patentable . . . . 581--582
               Morton C. Jacobs   Patent protection of computer programs   583--584
               Charles R. Blair   Certification of Algorithm 207:
                                  Stringsort . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 585--585
                      T. W. Sag   Algorithm 242: Permutations of a set
                                  with repetitions . . . . . . . . . . . . 585--585
                 Philip Wallack   Certification of Algorithm 203: Steep1   585--585
           Karen Boreman Priebe   Certification of Algorithm 218: Kutta
                                  Merson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 585--586
                     T. A. Bray   Certification of Algorithm 225: Gamma
                                  function with controlled accuracy  . . . 586--586
                 Van K. McCombs   Certification of Algorithm 221: Gamma
                                  function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 586--586
                   M. V. Wilkes   Constraint-type statements in
                                  programming languages  . . . . . . . . . 587--588
             Kenneth E. Iverson   A method of syntax specification . . . . 588--589
                  W. P. Heising   History and Summary of FORTRAN
                                  Standardization Development for the ASA  590--590
                        S. Gorn   FORTRAN vs. Basic FORTRAN: a programming
                                  language for informational processing on
                                  automatic data processing systems  . . . 591--624
                        S. Gorn   Proposed Amendment to Proposed American
                                  Standard on Specification for
                                  General-Purpose Paper Cards for
                                  Information Processing . . . . . . . . . 625--625
                        S. Gorn   Report on SUBSET ALGOL 60 (IFIP) . . . . 626--628
                        S. Gorn   Report on Input-Output Procedures for
                                  ALGOL 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 628--630
                        S. Gorn   Proposed American Standard: Take-up
                                  Reels for One-Inch Perforated Tape for
                                  Information Interchange  . . . . . . . . 630--631
                     Paul Armer   Should ACM have graded memberships?  . . 632--632
             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM membership 633--636

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 11, November, 1964

                  M. L. Juncosa   Whither the ACM publications?  . . . . . 645--645
                   H. D. Huskey   Journal readership and journal purpose   646--646
                  Gerard Salton   Introduce rigorous controls into Perlis'
                                  publication system to make it effective  646--646
                 Ramon D. Faulk   An inductive approach to language
                                  translation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 647--653
               Thomas B. Kelley   Rounding problems in commercial data
                                  processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 654--656
             Robert M. Baer and   
              Martin G. Redlich   Multiple-precision arithmetic and the
                                  exact calculation of the $3$-$j$,
                                  $6$-$j$ and $9$-$j$ symbols  . . . . . . 657--659
               David S. Collens   Algorithm 243: Logarithm of a complex
                                  number[B3] rewrite of Algorithm 48 . . . 660--660
              Helmut Lotsch and   
                   Malcolm Gray   Algorithm 244: Fresnel Integrals [S20]   660--661
                   Malcolm Gray   Certification of Algorithm 213: Fresnel
                                  integrals  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 661--661
             David K. Oppenheim   Certification of Algorithm 199:
                                  Conversions between calendar date and
                                  Julian day number  . . . . . . . . . . . 661--661
                    J. F. Traub   The new program of work for the
                                  international standard vocabulary in
                                  computers and information processing . . 662--662
                 Alice S. Maher   A technique for reading gapless tapes
                                  makes electrocardiograph analysis
                                  feasible on the IBM 7090 . . . . . . . . 663--665
                 R. Bellman and   
                 C. Collier and   
                H. Kagiwada and   
                  R. Kalaba and   
                   R. Selvester   Estimation of heart parameters using
                                  skin potential measurements  . . . . . . 666--668
                Roy E. Heistand   An executive system implemented as a
                                  finite-state automaton . . . . . . . . . 669--677
                 L. E. S. Green   Time sharing in a traffic control
                                  program  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 678--681
               Fred Gruenberger   Change the name of ACM? Never! . . . . . 682--682
                David Kleinecke   In response to ``How should ACM publish
                                  computer research''  . . . . . . . . . . 682--682
                James R. Slagle   On an algorithm for minimum-cost
                                  procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682--682

Communications of the ACM
Volume 7, Number 12, December, 1964

             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM membership 697--699
                Walter F. Bauer   On ACM's role and its welfare  . . . . . 700--700
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 246: Graycode  . . . . . . . . 701--701
                Robert W. Floyd   Algorithm 245: Treesort  . . . . . . . . 701--701
                   J. H. Halton   Algorithm 247: Radical-inverse
                                  quasi-random point sequence  . . . . . . 701--702
                 I. Clausen and   
                     L. Hansson   Certification of Algorithm 181:
                                  Complementary error function---large $X$ 702--702
             Vic Hasselblad and   
                  Jeff Rulifson   Certification of Algorithm 224:
                                  Evaluation of determinant  . . . . . . . 702--702
                     T. A. Bray   Certification of Algorithm 237: Greatest
                                  common divisor . . . . . . . . . . . . . 702--703
              H. D. Wactlar and   
                  M. P. Barnett   Mechanization of tedious algebra---the e
                                  coefficients of theoretical chemistry    704--710
                    Peter White   Relative effects of central processor
                                  and input-output speeds upon throughput
                                  on the large computer  . . . . . . . . . 711--714
                     W. J. Cody   Double-Precision Square Root for the
                                  CDC-3600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715--718
                    C. A. Oster   Limited bit manipulation using FORTRAN
                                  II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 719--721
               M. J. Garber and   
               Conrad Miziumski   Curve fitting with format FORTRAN  . . . 721--721
            William F. Luebbert   Mark sense and port-a-punch programming
                                  inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 722--723
                James A. Miller   Method for partial rewriting of magnetic
                                  tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 723--723
               Michael J. Synge   A case of too much precision . . . . . . 723--723
               A. C. R. Newbery   A family of test matrices  . . . . . . . 724--724
               Randall E. Cline   A class of matrices to test inversion
                                  procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 724--725
              K. W. Smillie and   
                   T. H. Anstey   A note on the calculation of
                                  probabilities in an F-distribution . . . 725--725
                 James J. Baker   Scanning text with a 1401  . . . . . . . 726--726
                    D. G. Drath   Another use of FORTRAN II chaining . . . 726--726
              I. Gargantini and   
                   T. Pomentale   Rational Chebyshev approximations to the
                                  Bessel function integrals $ K i_s(x) $   727--730
                  J. Nievergelt   Parallel Methods for Integrating
                                  Ordinary Differential Equations  . . . . 731--733
                 L. Petrone and   
                  C. E. Vandoni   Integer and signed constants in ALGOL    734--735
                 M. J. R. Healy   ALGOL Note: Note on the use of
                                  procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 735--735
                Donald E. Knuth   Letter to the Editor: Backus Normal Form
                                  vs. Backus Naur Form . . . . . . . . . . 735--736
               John M. Scofield   Letter to the Editor: Further comment on
                                  the MIRFAC controversy . . . . . . . . . 736--736
           Richard D. Whittaker   Letter to the Editor: More on reducing
                                  truncation errors  . . . . . . . . . . . 736--736


Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 5, May, 1964

                    C. R. Blair   Certification of Algorithm 271 (M1)
                                  Quickersort  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354


Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 1, January, 1965

               George Radin and   
                H. Paul Rogoway   NPL: Highlights of A New Programming
                                  Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--17
                        S. Gorn   Proposed American Standard---Character
                                  Set for Optical Character Recognition    18--26
               J. M. Gerard and   
                I. G. Izsak and   
                  M. P. Barnett   Mechanization of Tedious Algebra: The
                                  Newcomb Operators of Planetary Theory    27--32
                     D. R. Ross   Reducing Truncation Errors Using
                                  Cascading Accumulators . . . . . . . . . 32--33
                    P. A. Samet   Subroutine Assembly  . . . . . . . . . . 34--34
              C. V. Ramamoorthy   Code Structures for Protection and
                                  Manipulation of Variable Length Items    35--38
                 H. E. Anderson   Pracniques: Automated plotting of
                                  flow-charts on a small computer  . . . . 38--39
                 M. Morris Mano   Pracniques: Simulation of Boolean
                                  functions in a decimal computer  . . . . 39--40
                       W. Kahan   Pracniques: Further Remarks on Reducing
                                  Truncation Errors  . . . . . . . . . . . 40--40
                     H. W. Kirk   Use of Decision Tables in Computer
                                  Programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--43
                   R. G. Loomis   Boundary Networks  . . . . . . . . . . . 44--48
                 R. J. Dinsmore   Longer Strings From Sorting  . . . . . . 48--48
          Gerald H. Whipple and   
           James F. Dickson and   
             Hiroshi Horibe and   
                 Lawrence Stark   Remote, Online, Real-Time Computer
                                  Diagnosis of the Clinical
                                  Electrocardiogram  . . . . . . . . . . . 49--52
                  R. F. Simmons   Answering English questions by computer:
                                  a survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--70
                Robert C. Payne   Letter to the Editor: a reaction to
                                  Juncosa's proposal for ACM publications  71--71
                Peter Warburton   Letter to the Editor: suggestions for
                                  ACM's long-term growth . . . . . . . . . 71--71
                 D. M. Collison   Letter to the Editor: calculating $E$ on
                                  a small computer . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--72
                   A. K. Duncan   Letter to the Editor: Further results on
                                  computer construction of school
                                  timetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--72
                Sheila Greibach   Language and Automata Colloquium in
                                  Jerusalem  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--74

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 2, February, 1965

                   P. J. Landin   A correspondence between ALGOL 60 and
                                  Church's Lambda-Notation: Part I . . . . 89--101
              William A. Briggs   Algorithm 248: Netflow [H] . . . . . . . 103--104
                 B. H. Boonstra   Algorithm 250: Inverse permutation [G6]  104--104
              Loren P. Meissner   Remark on ``Algorithm 135 [F4]: Crout
                                  with Equilibration and Iteration'' . . . 104--104
               Niklaus E. Wirth   Algorithm 249: Outreal $N$ [15]  . . . . 104--104
               Henry J. Bowlden   Remark on ``Algorithm 206 [B1]:
                                  ARCCOSSIN''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104--105
                    P. A. Samet   Certification of Algorithm 234 [S23]:
                                  Poisson--Charlier polynomials  . . . . . 105--105
                Walter Gautschi   Certification of Algorithm 236 [S17]:
                                  Bessel functions of the first kind . . . 105--106
              Elaine L. Lahners   Automation of the radioisotope
                                  accountability system  . . . . . . . . . 107--110
                    Alan Batson   The organization of symbol tables  . . . 111--112
                J. B. Rosen and   
                      S. Suzuki   Pracniques: Construction of nonlinear
                                  programming test problems  . . . . . . . 113--113
                 H. Gordon Rice   Recursion and Iteration  . . . . . . . . 114--115
                   L. P. Schmid   Efficient autocorrelation  . . . . . . . 115--115
           Walter J. Weller and   
              Virginia C. Klema   A rapid Braille transliteration
                                  technique for certain IBM machine  . . . 115--116
            George D. Montillon   Computer user-oriented system  . . . . . 117--124
               J. Y. S. Luh and   
                   R. J. Krolak   Mathematical model for mechanical part
                                  description  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125--129
             John B. Goodenough   A lightpen-controlled program for online
                                  data analysis  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130--134

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 3, March, 1965

             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM
                                  membership: why ACM? . . . . . . . . . . 143--144
                   Jack Moshman   Should ACM discontinue annual exhibits?  145--145
               John B. Johnston   A Class of Unambiguous Computer
                                  Languages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147--149
              O. G. Mancino and   
              M. Morandi Cecchi   The internal structure of the FORTRAN
                                  CEP translator . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149--151
                    E. T. Irons   A Rapid Turnaround Multi-Programming
                                  System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152--157
                   P. J. Landin   A Correspondence Between ALGOL 60 and
                                  Church's Lambda-Notation: Part II  . . . 158--165
                  W. A. Zaremba   On ALGOL I/O Conventions . . . . . . . . 167--169
                       M. Wells   Algorithm 251: Function minimisation
                                  [E4] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169--170
               Henry J. Bowlden   Certification of Algorithm 139 [A1]:
                                  Solutions of the Diophantine equation    170--171
                     M. C. Pike   Remark on Algorithm 145 [D1]: Adaptive
                                  numerical integration by Simpson's rule  171--171
                    J. M. Varah   Certification of Algorithm 203 [E4]:
                                  STEEP1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171--171
                 E. J. Wasscher   Remark on Algorithm 205 [E4]: ATIVE  . . 171--171
                     S. E. Lass   PERT Time Calculations Without
                                  Topological Ordering . . . . . . . . . . 172--174
                 Yasuhiko Ikebe   Note on Triple-Precision Floating-Point
                                  Arithmetic with 132-Bit Numbers  . . . . 175--177
             Martin Greenberger   Method in randomness . . . . . . . . . . 177--179
            E. V. Krishnamurthy   On a Divide-and-Correct Method for
                                  Variable Precision Division  . . . . . . 179--181
                  S. R. Petrick   More on Backus Normal Form . . . . . . . 200--201

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 4, April, 1965

                 Charles Dunham   A Candidate for the Simplest
                                  Uncomputable Function  . . . . . . . . . 201
                        R. King   Letter to the Editor: On the
                                  Double-Precision Square Root Routine . . 202
             P. N. Swarztrauber   Letter to the Editor: On the
                                  Double-Precision Square Root Routine . . 202
                        S. Gorn   Transparent-mode control procedures for
                                  data communication, using the American
                                  Standard Code for Information
                                  Interchange---a tutorial . . . . . . . . 203--206
                      Anonymous   Proposed revised American Standard Code
                                  for Information Interchange  . . . . . . 207--214
               R. W. Conway and   
            J. J. Delfausse and   
              W. L. Maxwell and   
                   W. E. Walker   CLP --- The Cornell List Processor . . . 215--216
                     J. H. Gunn   Algorithm 252 [Z]: Vector coupling or
                                  Clebsch--Gordan coefficients . . . . . . 217--217
                 P. A. Businger   Algorithm 253 [F2]: Eigenvalues of real
                                  symmetric matrix by the QR method  . . . 217--218
                 P. A. Businger   Algorithm 254 [F2]: Eigenvalues and
                                  Eigenvectors of a Real Symmetric Matrix
                                  by the QR Method . . . . . . . . . . . . 218--219
                    J. Stafford   Certification of Algorithm 21 [S17]:
                                  Bessel function for a set of integer
                                  orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219--219
            John F. Banzahf III   On Computers and Programs: Copyrights
                                  and Patents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
                   Mats Ferring   Remark on Algorithm 231 [F1]: Matrix
                                  inversion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220--220
              Zalman A. Shavell   The use of FORTRAN in Subroutines with
                                  COBOL Main Programs  . . . . . . . . . . 221--223
                     I. C. Pyle   Data input by question and answer  . . . 223--226
              R. E. Bellman and   
                J. D. Buell and   
                   R. E. Kalaba   Numerical integration of a
                                  differential-difference equation with a
                                  decreasing time-lag  . . . . . . . . . . 227--228
               Richard M. Brown   Use of a conditional base number system
                                  for encoding sequences of correlated
                                  characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229--230
              R. E. Bellman and   
        Harriet H. Kagiwada and   
               Robert E. Kalaba   Wengert's Numerical Method for Partial
                                  Derivatives, Orbit Determination, and
                                  Quasilinearization . . . . . . . . . . . 231--232
                   Kazuo Tajiri   The use of COBOL subroutines in FORTRAN
                                  main programs  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233--233
                   P. H. Arnold   Still another use for FORTRAN II
                                  chaining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234--234
                   James T. Day   On the numerical solution of an
                                  $N$-point boundary value problem for
                                  linear ordinary differential equations   235--236
               A. M. Krasun and   
                      W. Prager   Remark on Romberg quadrature . . . . . . 236--237
                    L. B. Doyle   Expanding the editing function in
                                  language data processing . . . . . . . . 238--243
                D. R. Davis and   
                      A. D. Lin   Secondary Key Retrieval Using an IBM
                                  7090-1301 System . . . . . . . . . . . . 243--246

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 5, May, 1965

            Walter H. Burkhardt   Letter to the Editor: syntax and
                                  generalization of ALGOL 60 . . . . . . . 261--261
            Malcolm C. Harrison   Letter to the Editor: Fortran II
                                  chaining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262--262
               David Hutchinson   Letter to the Editor: a final word on
                                  reducing truncation errors . . . . . . . 262--262
                    Lee Schmidt   Letter to the Editor: on syntax
                                  specification  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262--262
              Donald B. Russell   Letter to the Editor: on the
                                  implementation of SLIP . . . . . . . . . 263--263
         George E. Forsythe and   
                  Niklaus Wirth   Automatic Grading Programs . . . . . . . 275--278
                   J. Boothroyd   Certification of Algorithm 243 [B3]:
                                  Logarithm of a complex number  . . . . . 279--279
                  Linda Teijelo   Algorithm 255: Computation of Fourier
                                  coefficients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279--279
                        S. Gorn   Performance of systems used for data
                                  transmission transfer rate of
                                  information bits---an ASA tutorial . . . 280--286
            T. V. Griffiths and   
                  S. R. Petrick   On the Relative Efficiencies of
                                  Context-Free Grammar Recognizers . . . . 289--300
             J. B. Landwehr and   
              C. McLaughlin and   
                 H. Mueller and   
               M. Lichstein and   
                  S. V. Pollack   BLNSYS---a 1401 operating system with
                                  Braille capabilities . . . . . . . . . . 300--303
            Walter H. Burkhardt   Metalanguage and Syntax Specification    304--305
                   Ascher Opler   Procedure-Oriented Language Statements
                                  to Facilitate Parallel Processing  . . . 306--307
           Robert P. Larsen and   
                 M. Morris Mano   Modeling and Simulation of Digital
                                  Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308--312
             S. W. Marshall and   
               J. A. Nelson and   
                R. M. Wilenzick   Least-squares analysis of resonance
                                  spectra on small computers . . . . . . . 313--314
            Roger J. Weldon and   
                Robert L. Baker   Applications of Binary Numbers In
                                  Computer Routines  . . . . . . . . . . . 315--318
                     B. I. Blum   An Extended Arithmetic Package . . . . . 318--320
            Thomas G. Evans and   
              D. Lucille Darley   DEBUG --- An Extension to Current Online
                                  Debugging Techniques . . . . . . . . . . 321--326
                 Donald R. King   Dynamic variable formatting  . . . . . . 326--326
             C. M. Philpott and   
                     G. V. Lago   A Method of Data List Processing With
                                  Application to EEG Analysis  . . . . . . 327--330

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 6, June, 1965

              A. C. Andrews and   
      E. Winston Grundmeier and   
                 Ben A. Paulson   Letter to the Editor: calculations of
                                  first order kinetics problems with more
                                  than one first order region  . . . . . . 347--347
                  James N. Haag   Letter to the Editor: more suggestions
                                  for ALGOL 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347--347
          Bernard A. Galler and   
             Michael J. Fischer   The Iteration Element  . . . . . . . . . 349--349
              Fred M. Tonge and   
               Peter Keller and   
                   Allen Newell   QUIKSCRIPT --- A SIMSCRIPT-Like Language
                                  for the G-20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350--354
                 Barry W. Smith   Symbolic Notations for Statistical
                                  Tables and an Approach towards Automatic
                                  System Design  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355--360
                    J. F. Traub   American Standard and IFIP /ICC
                                  vocabularies compared  . . . . . . . . . 361--362
                  J. Nievergelt   On the Automatic Simplification of
                                  Computer Programs  . . . . . . . . . . . 366--370
                    W. S. Brown   An Operating Environment for
                                  Dynamic-Recursive Computer Programming
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371--377
             Robert R. Korfhage   Deeply nested iterations . . . . . . . . 377--378
                   William Kent   A Fortran $n$-ary counter  . . . . . . . 378--378
                George D. Tobey   Bit manipulation in Fortran language . . 378--378
             Roman L. Weil, Jr.   Testing The Understanding Of The
                                  Difference Between Call By Name and Call
                                  By Value in ALGOL 60 . . . . . . . . . . 378--378
                     A. A. Grau   Algorithm 256: Modified Graeffe method
                                  [C2] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379--380
                Robert N. Kubik   Algorithm 257: Havie Integrator  . . . . 381--381
                       G. Bayer   Algorithm 258: Transport . . . . . . . . 381--382
               William D. Allen   Certification of Algorithm 246: Graycode 382--382
                   N. Budea and   
               J. G. Kamena and   
                   R. M. Kamena   A technique for integrated reports from
                                  a multi-run system . . . . . . . . . . . 383--384
              Laurence I. Press   Conversion of decision tables to
                                  computer programs  . . . . . . . . . . . 385--390
                  G. Salton and   
                     M. E. Lesk   The SMART automatic document retrieval
                                  systems---an illustration  . . . . . . . 391--398
            Walter S. Stolz and   
        Percy H. Tannenbaum and   
        Frederick V. Carstensen   Stochastic approach to the grammatical
                                  coding of English  . . . . . . . . . . . 399--405

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 7, July, 1965

             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM
                                  membership: why ACM? . . . . . . . . . . 422--426
                  H. Kanner and   
                P. Kosinski and   
                 C. L. Robinson   The structure of yet another ALGOL
                                  compiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427--438
                        S. Gorn   Conventions for the use of symbols in
                                  the preparation of flowcharts for
                                  information processing systems . . . . . 439--440
                 W. M. McKeeman   Peephole optimization  . . . . . . . . . 443--444
                 R. P. Rich and   
                    A. G. Stone   Method for Hyphenating at the End of a
                                  Printed Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 444--445
               Philip S. Abrams   Certification of Algorithm 245 [M1]:
                                  TREESORT 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445--445
                       G. Bayer   Remark on Algorithm 258 [H]: Transport   445--445
                     M. C. Pike   Remark on Algorithm 235 [G6]: Random
                                  permutation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445--445
              B. J. Dzuback and   
                C. R. Warburton   The Organization of Structured Files . . 446--452
               B. J. Dzubak and   
                C. R. Warburton   The organization of structured files . . 446--452
                    Susumu Kuno   The Predictive Analyzer and a Path
                                  Elimination Technique  . . . . . . . . . 453--462
                Robert F. Rosin   Determining a computing center
                                  environment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463--468
             Lawrence I. Boonin   Patents and Copyrights --- What Should
                                  Be Protected?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 8, August, 1965

                     C. W. Gear   High speed compilation of efficient
                                  object code  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483--488
                    W. Gautschi   Algorithm 259: Legendre Functions for
                                  Arguments Larger than One [S16]  . . . . 488--492
                     J. H. Gunn   Algorithm 260: 6-$J$ symbols . . . . . . 492--492
                     J. H. Gunn   Algorithm 261: 9-$J$ symbols . . . . . . 492--493
                 J. K. S. McKay   Algorithm 264: Map of Partitions into
                                  Integers [A1]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493--493
                 J. K. S. McKay   Algorithm 262: Number of Restricted
                                  Partitions of $ {N} $ [A1] . . . . . . . 493--493
                 J. K. S. Mckay   Algorithm 263: Partition Generator [A1]  493--493
                 Peter J. Smith   Symbolic Derivatives Without List
                                  Processing, Subroutines, or Recursion    494--496
                   D. Gries and   
                    M. Paul and   
                   H. R. Wiehle   Some Techniques Used in the ALCOR
                                  ILLINOIS 7090  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496--500
             Arnold Lapidus and   
                  Max Goldstein   Some Experiments in Algebraic
                                  Manipulation by Computer . . . . . . . . 501--508
             John E. Ranelletti   Dynamic Format Specifications  . . . . . 508--510
            Richard Bellman and   
           Harriet Kagiwada and   
                  Robert Kalaba   Nonlinear extrapolation and two-point
                                  boundary value problems  . . . . . . . . 511--512
                 A. T. Berztiss   A Note on Storage of Strings . . . . . . 512--513
            Malcolm C. Harrison   File-handling within FORTRAN . . . . . . 514--515
                   M. J. Garber   Negative and zero subscripts in Fortran
                                  II programming for the IBM 1620  . . . . 515--516
             Fred W. Weingarten   Simulation of computer logic by Fortran
                                  arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516--517
                 George G. Dodd   Remarks on Simulation of Boolean
                                  Functions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517--517
              P. A. D. de Maine   The self-judgment method of curve
                                  fitting  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518--526

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 9, September, 1965

             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the membership . . 541--541
              Hal C. Becker and   
Herbert E. Longenecker, Jr. and   
              L. Chopin Cusachs   Letter to the Editor: pictures of
                                  molecular orbitals . . . . . . . . . . . 542, 582
                   R. M. Gordon   Letter to the Editor: views on technical
                                  meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 542--542
             Kenneth E. Iverson   Letter to the Editor: Remarks on Syntax
                                  and Generalization of ALGOL 60 . . . . . 542--542
                S. D. Conte and   
            John W. Hamblen and   
           Thomas A. Keenan and   
            William B. Kehl and   
          Silvio O. Navarro and   
       Werner C. Rheinboldt and   
           Earl J. Schweppe and   
        David M. Young, Jr. and   
            William F. Atchison   An undergraduate program in computer
                                  science --- preliminary recommendations.
                                  A report from the ACM Curriculum
                                  Committee on Computer Science  . . . . . 543--552
                   E. Lohse and   
                R. V. Smith and   
                J. F. Traub and   
                        S. Gorn   Character structure and character parity
                                  sense for serial-by-bit data
                                  communication in the American Standard
                                  Code for Information Interchange . . . . 553--556
               Roger W. Elliott   Certification of Algorithm 202 [G6]:
                                  Generation of Permutations in
                                  Lexicographical Order  . . . . . . . . . 556--556
                     M. C. Pike   Certification of Algorithm 121 [G5]:
                                  NormDev  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556--556
                     M. C. Pike   Certification of Algorithm 200 [G5]:
                                  Normal random  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556--556
          E. D. Reilly, Jr. and   
                F. D. Federighi   On Reversible Subroutines and Computers
                                  that Run Backwards . . . . . . . . . . . 557--558, 578
           George K. Hutchinson   A computer center simulation project . . 559--568
             Edsger W. Dijkstra   Solution of a Problem in Concurrent
                                  Programming Control  . . . . . . . . . . 569--569
                 P. Henrici and   
               Bruce O. Watkins   Finding zeros of a polynomial by the Q-D
                                  algorithm  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570--574
             R. W. Klopfenstein   Applications of differential equations
                                  in general problem solving . . . . . . . 575--578
               J. D. Canter and   
                 C. E. Donaghey   UPLIFTS---University of Pittsburgh
                                  linear file tandem system  . . . . . . . 579--582

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 10, October, 1965

             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM membership 591--591
                J. G. Sanderson   Letter to the Editor: On Simple, Low
                                  Redundancy Languages . . . . . . . . . . 593--593
                  Sanford Elkin   Letter to the Editor: On combining
                                  FORTRAN and COBOL in problem solving . . 594--594
                T. V. Griffiths   Letter to the Editor: on procedures for
                                  constructing structural descriptions for
                                  three parsing algorithms . . . . . . . . 594--594
                T. V. Griffiths   On Procedures for Constructing
                                  Structural Descriptions for three
                                  Parsing Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . 594
            Morris Rubinoff and   
             John F. White, Jr.   Establishment of the ACM repository and
                                  principles of the IR system applied to
                                  its operation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 595--600
                   H. Langmaack   Algorithm 263: Gomory 1 [H]  . . . . . . 601--602
                    J. Stafford   ACM Algorithm 264A: Interpolation in a
                                  Table  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 602--604
                    J. Stafford   Algorithm 264: Interpolation in a table
                                  [E1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 602--604
                  Niklaus Wirth   Algorithm 265: Find precedence functions
                                  [L2] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 604--605
                 M. C. Pike and   
                     I. D. Hill   Algorithm 266: Pseudo-random numbers
                                  [G5] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605--606
                     M. C. Pike   Algorithm 267: Random normal deviate
                                  [G5] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606--606
                     Yaohan Chu   An ALGOL-like Computer Design Language   607--615
              William S. Crosby   Note on an ASCII-Octal code table  . . . 616--616
                    W. C. Lynch   Recursive Solution of a Class Of
                                  Combinatorial Problems: An Example . . . 617--620
               John G. Fletcher   A Program to Solve the Pentomino Problem
                                  by the Recursive Use of Macros . . . . . 621--623
            Kenneth C. Knowlton   A Fast Storage Allocator . . . . . . . . 623--625
                 George Veronis   A Note on the Use of a Digital Computer
                                  for Doing Tedious Algebra and
                                  Programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 625--626
         Herbert Rubenstein and   
             John B. Goodenough   Contextual Correlates of Synonymy  . . . 627--633
                  I. R. Neilsen   A Simple Data Transmission System Using
                                  the Office Telephone . . . . . . . . . . 634--635
                  I. R. Nielsen   A simple data transmission system using
                                  the office telephone . . . . . . . . . . 634--635
                 John A. Gosden   Letter to the Editor: yet more on
                                  rounding in commercial applications  . . 635--635

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 11, November, 1965

                      Ray Boche   Letter to the Editor: Some observations
                                  on the economics of interval arithmetic  649, 703
                    David Owens   Letter to the Editor: Avoiding bit
                                  manipulation in FORTRAN  . . . . . . . . 649--649
                Nahal Ben Yoash   Letter to the Editor: a two-tape-unit
                                  sort . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649--649
                Nahal Ben Yoash   A Two-Tape-Unit Sort . . . . . . . . . . 649
              Isaac L. Auerbach   Guest editorial: just as bridges made of
                                  wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 656--656
              Kenneth Cohen and   
                 J. H. Wegstein   AXLE: An Axiomatic Language for String
                                  Transformations  . . . . . . . . . . . . 657--661
                 Saul Rosen and   
         Robert A. Spurgeon and   
               Joel K. Donnelly   PUFFT---The Purdue University Fast
                                  FORTRAN Translator . . . . . . . . . . . 661--666
                 W. M. McKeeman   Algorithm 268: ALGOL 60 Reference
                                  Language Editor [R2] . . . . . . . . . . 667--668
             Jaroslav Pfann and   
                   Josef Straka   Algorithm 269: Determinant evaluation
                                  [F3] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 668--668
                Albert Newhouse   Algorithm 270: Finding eigenvectors by
                                  Gaussian elimination [F2]  . . . . . . . 668--669
                   R. S. Scowen   Algorithm 271: Quickersort . . . . . . . 669--670
                  C. W. Medlock   Remark on Algorithm 250 [G6]: Inverse
                                  permutation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 670--670
                     Peter Naur   The Performance of a System for
                                  Automatic Segmentation of Programs
                                  Within an ALGOL Compiler (GIER ALGOL)    671--676
             Solomon L. Pollack   Conversion of limited-entry decision
                                  tables to computer programs  . . . . . . 677--682
              R. K. Mueller and   
                      L. Cooper   A comparison of the primal-simplex and
                                  primal-dual algorithms for linear
                                  programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682--686
           Keren McConlogue and   
              Robert F. Simmons   Analyzing English Syntax with a
                                  Pattern-Learning Parser  . . . . . . . . 687--698
               Tomaso Pomentale   An Algorithm for Minimizing Backboard
                                  Wiring Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . 699--703
                M. L. Ernst and   
             V. E. Giuliano and   
                    P. E. Jones   ''Centralization of document searching
                                  facilities`` . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 704--706
           Anthony F. Oettinger   A forum on centralization and
                                  documentation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 704--710
          Roman C. Pucinksi and   
                 Allen Kent and   
             Mortimer Taube and   
             Harold Wooster and   
                  Gerard Salton   Invited comments on ``Centralization of
                                  document searching facilities''  . . . . 706--707
                      Ernst and   
                   Guiliano and   
                          Jones   Response by Ernst, Giuliano and Jones    710--710

Communications of the ACM
Volume 8, Number 12, December, 1965

             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM membership 727--727
           D. S. Fredericks and   
                C. R. Warburton   Across machine lines in COBOL  . . . . . 731--735
             R. Stockton Gaines   On the Translation of Machine Language
                                  Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 736--741
         George T. Dellert, Jr.   A Use of Macros in Translation of
                                  Symbolic Assembly Language of One
                                  Computer to Another  . . . . . . . . . . 742--748
                 R. I. Benjamin   The Spectra 70/45 emulator for the RCA
                                  301  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 748--752
                   S. G. Tucker   Emulation of Large Systems . . . . . . . 753--761
                Thomas M. Olsen   Philco/IBM translation at
                                  problem-oriented, symbolic and binary
                                  levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 762--768
       Marvin Lowell Graham and   
          Peter Zilahy Ingerman   An Assembly Language for Reprogramming   769--772
            M. A. McCormack and   
            T. T. Schansman and   
                   K. K. Womack   1401 compatibility feature on the IBM
                                  System/360 model 30  . . . . . . . . . . 773--776
           Donald M. Wilson and   
                  David J. Moss   CAT: a 7090--3600 computer-aided
                                  translation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 777--781
                Mark I. Halpern   Machine Independence: Its Technology and
                                  Economics  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 782--785
              James P. Anderson   Program Structures for Parallel
                                  Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 786--788
                    David Owens   Letter to the Editor: comments on recent
                                  FORTRAN ideas  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 788--788
                   E. D. Reilly   Letter to the Editor: On ``execute'' and
                                  ``repeat'' instructions  . . . . . . . . 788--788
                  Paul A. Samet   Letter to the Editor: IFIP 65: another
                                  view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 788, 805
                 M. D. MacLaren   Algorithm 272: Procedure for the Normal
                                  Distribution Functions [S15] . . . . . . 789--790
               George A. Reilly   Certification of Algorithm 124 [S17]:
                                  Hankel Function  . . . . . . . . . . . . 790--791
                      Anonymous   Index by Subject to Algorithms, 1965 . . 791--791
                James R. Slagle   Experiments with a Deductive
                                  Question-Answering Program . . . . . . . 792--798
             Patrick C. Fischer   Multi-Tape and Infinite-State Automata
                                  --- A Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 799--805
                        G. Rose   Letter to the Editor: remarks on
                                  computers and aid to the handicapped . . 805--805


Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 1, January, 1966

             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM membership 1--1
                  Gerard Salton   Toward a publications policy for ACM . . 2--2
              Jerome A. Feldman   A formal semantics for computer
                                  languages and its application in a
                                  compiler-compiler  . . . . . . . . . . . 3--9
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Solution of transcendental equations by
                                  series reversion . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--11
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Algorithm 273: Serrev  . . . . . . . . . 11--11
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 274: Generation of Hilbert
                                  Derived Test Matrix  . . . . . . . . . . 11--12
        Gerhard Meidell Larssen   Certification of Algorithm 56: Complete
                                  elliptic integral of the second kind . . 12--12
              Niklaus Wirth and   
                   Helmut Weber   EULER: a generalization of ALGOL and it
                                  formal definition: Part 1  . . . . . . . 13--25
                  A. P. Yershov   ALPHA --- an automatic programming
                                  system of high efficiency  . . . . . . . 17--24
                   D. L. Fisher   Data, documentation, and decision tables 26--31
               Cyril G. Veinott   Programming decision tables in FORTRAN,
                                  COBOL or ALGOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--35
                 B. A. Griffith   Remarks on computer program for the
                                  construction of school timetables  . . . 35--35
              L. Richard Turner   On the confusion between ``$0$'' and
                                  ``$O$''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--35
              Joseph Weizenbaum   ELIZA --- A Computer Program for the
                                  Study of Natural Language Communication
                                  between Man and Machine  . . . . . . . . 36--45
                   Harris Hyman   Comments on a problem in concurrent
                                  programming control  . . . . . . . . . . 45--45

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 2, February, 1966

                W. Händler   On displaying the topological properties
                                  of a program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--59
                Robert F. Rosin   On PUFFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--59
               William H. Burge   A reprogramming machine  . . . . . . . . 60--66
                Bertram Raphael   The structure of programming languages   67--71
                David L. Parnas   A Language for Describing the Functions
                                  of Synchronous Systems . . . . . . . . . 72--76
               Donald L. Wright   A comparison of the FORTRAN language
                                  implementation for several computers . . 77--79
               R. S. Ledley and   
                J. Jacobsen and   
                      M. Belson   BUGSYS: a programming system for picture
                                  processing---not for debugging . . . . . 79--84
               Gerhard R. Deily   Algorithm 275: Exponential Curve Fit . . 85--85
               Gerhard R. Deily   Algorithm 276: Constrained Exponential
                                  Curve Fit  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--86
                  Lyle B. Smith   Algorithm 277: Computation of Chebyshev
                                  Series Coefficients  . . . . . . . . . . 86--87
                       P. Lloyd   Algorithm 278: Graph Plotter . . . . . . 88--88
              Niklaus Wirth and   
                   Helmut Weber   EULER: a generalization of ALGOL, and
                                  its formal definition: Part II . . . . . 89--99
                 Gerhard Salton   Control procedures for data
                                  communication---an ASA progress report   100--105
                 Robert V. Head   Dribble posting a master file  . . . . . 106--107
                 T. E. Hull and   
                  J. R. Swenson   Tests of Probabilistic Models for
                                  Propagation of Roundoff Errors . . . . . 108--113
           Abbas I. Abdel Karim   The stability of the fourth order
                                  Runge--Kutta method for the solution of
                                  systems of differential equations  . . . 113--116
                    W. C. Lynch   Description of a high capacity, fast
                                  turnaround university computing center   117--123
                Robert N. Kubik   On applications of differential
                                  equations in general problem solving . . 123--123

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 3, March, 1966

                Jack W. Carlson   On determining C. S. education programs  135--135
                   Shulom Kurtz   In defense of ALGOL  . . . . . . . . . . 135--135
                  John O'Connor   On editorial procedures  . . . . . . . . 136--136
             Charles R. Pearson   On JOE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136--136
                  D. V. Savidge   Toward improved communication capability 136--136
                 R. P. Tewarson   On comparison of the algorithms for
                                  linear programming . . . . . . . . . . . 136--136
             George E. Forsythe   Welcoming remarks  . . . . . . . . . . . 137--138
                     H. Zemanek   Semiotics and programming languages  . . 139--143
             Jack B. Dennis and   
               Earl C. Van Horn   Programming Semantics for
                                  Multiprogrammed Computations . . . . . . 143--155
                Bertram Raphael   The structure of programming languages   155--156
                Peter J. Landin   The next $ 700 $ programming languages   157--166
                  R. Narasimhan   Syntax-directed interpretation of
                                  classes of pictures  . . . . . . . . . . 166--173
            Lawrence G. Roberts   A graphical service system with variable
                                  syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173--176
                     Peter Naur   Program translation viewed as a general
                                  data processing problem  . . . . . . . . 176--179
                 J. C. Boussard   An ALGOL compiler: construction and use
                                  in relation to an elaborate operating
                                  system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179--182
            Gene F. Leonard and   
                John R. Goodroe   More on extensible machines  . . . . . . 183--188
           William Orchard-Hays   Multilevel operating systems . . . . . . 189--190
              David E. Ferguson   Evolution of the meta-assembly program   190--196
                   Ascher Opler   Requirements for real-time languages . . 196--199
              Jules I. Schwartz   Online programming . . . . . . . . . . . 199--203
                      G. Salton   Data manipulation and programming
                                  problems in automatic information
                                  retrieval  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204--210
                  R. F. Simmons   Storage and retrieval of aspects of
                                  meaning in directed graph structures . . 211--215
               Calvin N. Mooers   TRAC, A Procedure-Describing Language
                                  for the Reactive Typewriter  . . . . . . 215--219
                 M. Woodger and   
                       J. Green   Summary session  . . . . . . . . . . . . 220--224
             Charles W. Bachman   On a Generalized Language for File
                                  Organization and Manipulation  . . . . . 225--226
                  A. Caracciolo   Some preliminary remarks on theoretical
                                  pragmatics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226--227
                 Jean E. Sammet   The use of English as a programming
                                  language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228--230
                   Julien Green   Microprogramming, emulators and
                                  programming languages  . . . . . . . . . 230--232
                      Saul Gorn   Advanced programming and the aims of
                                  standardization  . . . . . . . . . . . . 232--232

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 4, April, 1966

                    Leon Cooper   Comments on Professor Tewarson's letter  241--241
              Solomon W. Golomb   References to pentominoes  . . . . . . . 241--241
                    Leonard Uhr   Is the groping IR field ready for a
                                  costly crash program?  . . . . . . . . . 241--242
                J. W. de Bakker   On AXLE  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242--242
                 Peter J. Smith   On CR Review 8570  . . . . . . . . . . . 242--242
                David L. Parnas   On the preliminary report of C3S . . . . 242--243
               T. Wangsness and   
                    J. Franklin   ``Algorithm'' and ``formula''  . . . . . 243--243
             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM membership 244--244
           Anthony G. Oettinger   On ACM's responsibility  . . . . . . . . 246--246
               Robert W. Rector   Statement of principles  . . . . . . . . 247--253
                  Gerard Salton   Information dissemination and
                                  publication control  . . . . . . . . . . 254--254
                   A. J. Perlis   A Forum on Algorithms: A new policy for
                                  algorithms?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255--255
             George E. Forsythe   Algorithms for scientific computation    255--256
             George E. Forsythe   A Forum on Algorithms: Algorithms for
                                  scientific computation . . . . . . . . . 255--256
                  J. G. Herriot   A Forum on Algorithms: Algorithms
                                  section policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256--256
                     Sol Broder   On the problem of time table
                                  construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257--257
         Frank A. Engel III and   
              Lewis A. Ondis II   On behalf of FORTRAN . . . . . . . . . . 257--257
                David L. Parnas   On facilitating parallel and
                                  multiprocessing in ALGOL . . . . . . . . 257--257
               Benson H. Scheff   A simple user-oriented compiler source
                                  language for programming automatic test
                                  equipment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258--266
           John W. Carr III and   
                 Jerome Welland   A nonrecursive method of syntax
                                  specification  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267--269
           F. R. A. Hopgood and   
                  C. Litherland   Algorithm 279: Chebyshev Quadrature  . . 270--270
                 John H. Welsch   Algorithm 280: Abscissas and Weights for
                                  Gregory Quadrature . . . . . . . . . . . 271--271
                 John H. Welsch   Algorithm 281: Abscissas and weights for
                                  Romberg quadrature . . . . . . . . . . . 271--272
                Walter Gautschi   Algorithm 282: Derivatives of $ e^x / x
                                  $, $ \cos (x) / x $, and $ \sin (x) / x
                                  $  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272--272
                       G. Bayer   Remark on Algorithm 218: Kutta--Merson   273--273
                 Immo O. Kerner   Algorithm 283: Simultaneous Displacement
                                  of Polynomial Roots if Real and Simple   273--273
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Certification of Algorithm 9:
                                  Runge--Kutta integration . . . . . . . . 273--273
        Theodor D. Sterling and   
             Seymour V. Pollack   Use of the computer to teach
                                  introductory statistics  . . . . . . . . 274--275
                   C. M. Reeves   An algorithm for generating projective
                                  reduction formulas for matrix elements
                                  of many-electron wavefunctions . . . . . 276--279
              R. J. Royston and   
                     J. Gregory   A method for finding the least squares
                                  estimate of the intersection point of
                                  two helices in space . . . . . . . . . . 280--284
                        S. Gorn   Recorded magnetic tape for information
                                  interchange (800 CPI, NRZI)  . . . . . . 285--292
                    John Waters   Methods of numerical integration applied
                                  to a system having trivial function
                                  evaluations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293--296
                     C. T. Fike   Starting Approximations for Square Root
                                  Calculation on IBM System/360  . . . . . 297--299
          Roger H. Simonsen and   
             D. Louise Anketell   Mechanization of the curve fitting
                                  process: DATAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299--304
            George L. Cain, Jr.   A method for locating zeros of complex
                                  functions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305--306

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 5, May, 1966

             Solomon L. Pollack   Letter to the Editor: On storage space
                                  of decision tables . . . . . . . . . . . 320--320
                  Niklaus Wirth   Letter to the Editor: A note on
                                  ``Program structures for parallel
                                  processing'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320--321
                Donald E. Knuth   Letter to the Editor: Additional
                                  comments on a problem in concurrent
                                  programming control  . . . . . . . . . . 321--322
         Richard F. Thomas, Jr.   Letter to the Editor: Corrections to
                                  numerical data on Q-D algorithm  . . . . 322--323
                  Peter Henrici   Letter to the Editor: Corrections to
                                  numerical data on Q-D algorithm  . . . . 323--323
                  Norman Davids   Letter to the Editor: Direct methods of
                                  computer analysis  . . . . . . . . . . . 323--323
             George E. Forsythe   President's letter to the ACM membership 325--325
           William Fletcher and   
                  Roland Silver   Algorithm 284: Interchange of Two Blocks
                                  of Data  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326--326
                 Thomas J. Aird   Algorithm 285: The Mutual Primal-Dual
                                  Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326--328
          Donald S. Burdick and   
               Thomas H. Naylor   Design of computer simulation
                                  experiments for industrial systems . . . 329--339
                   N. Macon and   
                   E. E. Walker   A Monte Carlo algorithm for assigning
                                  students to classes  . . . . . . . . . . 339--340
                  P. B. M. Roes   A note on linear programming algorithm
                                  design: a combinatorial problem  . . . . 340--342
             Charles Erwin Cohn   Incorporation of nonstandard
                                  input/output devices into FORTRAN
                                  systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343--344
                  Phillip Deuel   On a Storage Mapping Function for Data
                                  Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344--347
                  O. G. Mancino   Multiple precision floating-point
                                  conversion from decimal-to-binary and
                                  vice versa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347--348
                     John Lions   Matrix reduction using the Hungarian
                                  method for the generation of school
                                  timetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349--354
               Charles R. Blair   Certification of Algorithm 271:
                                  Quickersort  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354--354
        M. A. Rockwell, Jr. and   
                  H. Shubin and   
                 M. H. Weil and   
                  P. F. Meagher   Shock III, a computer system as an aid
                                  in the management of critically III
                                  patients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355--357
               Stephen M. Pizer   Simulation of radioisotope scans by
                                  computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358--362
           William G. Smith and   
         Martin B. Solomon, Jr.   A simulation of hospital admission
                                  policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362--365
                   C. Boehm and   
                    G. Jacopini   Flow Diagrams, Turing Machines, and
                                  Languages With Only Two Formation Rules  366--371
          Corrado Böhm and   
              Giuseppe Jacopini   Flow diagrams, Turing machines and
                                  languages with only two formation rules  366--371
            Michael L. Pershing   On $0$ and $O$ . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371--371
                    Leon Shalla   Automatic analysis of electronic digital
                                  circuits using list processing . . . . . 372--380
                    B. Rust and   
               W. R. Burrus and   
                C. Schneeberger   A simple algorithm for computing the
                                  generalized inverse of a matrix  . . . . 381--385, 387
                        S. Gorn   Eleven-sixteenths inch perforated paper
                                  tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386--387
      Courtesy E. P. Miles, Jr.   ``Impact of computer applications on
                                  undergraduate mathematics instruction''
                                  explored at Florida State--ACM--SIAM
                                  symposium  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388--389
              Frank N. Marzocco   Man, medicine, mathematics, and machines 389--389
                     Chris Shaw   ACM Southern California's symposium
                                  poses Adventureland, Frontierland,
                                  Fantasyland \ldots . . . . . . . . . . . 390--391
                 Jerome D. Carp   Software---where we are today, and trend 390--393
                     Noel Zakin   New York City's top officials envision
                                  information system for total
                                  organization at ACM symposium  . . . . . 392--392
                  Melvin Klerer   Basic problems in nonnumerical
                                  mathematics not yet well understood,
                                  SICSAM symposium reveals . . . . . . . . 393--393

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 6, June, 1966

                     R. P. Boas   Capitalizaton of language references . . 409--409
                  Peter Henrici   Test of probabilistic models for the
                                  propagation of roundoff errors . . . . . 409--410
                 Jean E. Sammet   More on CR 8570  . . . . . . . . . . . . 410--412
                 Stephen Potter   Correction to a comparison of Fortran
                                  language implementation  . . . . . . . . 412--412
                 Rowena Swanson   Is the programming language designer
                                  losing sight of the user?  . . . . . . . 412--412
              Niklaus Wirth and   
                 C. A. R. Hoare   A Contribution to the Development of
                                  ALGOL  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413--432
            David W. Hutchinson   A new uniform pseudorandom number
                                  generator  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432--433
              J. E. L. Peck and   
                 M. R. Williams   Algorithm 286: Examination Scheduling    433--434
           F. R. A. Hopgood and   
                  C. Litherland   Remark on Algorithm 279: Chebyshev
                                  quadrature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434--434
         Martin B. Solomon, Jr.   Economies of Scale and the IBM
                                  System/360 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435--440
                   J. G. Cleary   A Fortran technique for simplifying
                                  input to report generators . . . . . . . 441--442
           Basil T. Carmody and   
             Paul E. Jones, Jr.   Automatic derivation of microsentences   443--449
                        S. Gorn   Twelve-row punched-card code for
                                  information interchange  . . . . . . . . 450--459

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 7, July, 1966

            William E. Atchison   Recent developments in computer science
                                  curriculum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474--474
        Elliott I. Organick and   
           Thomas A. Keenan and   
               Sylvia Charp and   
             Alexandra Forsythe   Computer science in high school
                                  mathematics  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474--474
                Walter F. Bauer   Computer/communication systems for
                                  business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474--475
                Samuel D. Conte   Numerical analysis . . . . . . . . . . . 475--475
               Louis W. Ehrlich   Iterative vs. a direct method for
                                  solving fourth order elliptic difference
                                  equations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475--475
                     C. W. Gear   Numerical integration in ordinary
                                  differential equations operating under
                                  ILLIAC II time-sharing system  . . . . . 475--475
               C. D. Isaacs and   
                  J. E. Stengle   A new solution method for the
                                  determinantal equation of a matric
                                  polynomial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475--475
              Beresford Parlett   Convergence of the Q-R algorithm for
                                  Hessenberg matrices  . . . . . . . . . . 475--475
                Edward M. Rosen   A review of quasi-Newton methods in
                                  nonlinear equation solving and
                                  unconstrained optimization . . . . . . . 475--475
                John A. Postely   File management  . . . . . . . . . . . . 476--476
                Bertram Raphael   Aspects and applications of symbol
                                  manipulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 476--476
               Robert W. Rector   A $3$-ring tutorial  . . . . . . . . . . 476--476
               John R. Rice and   
                     Saul Rosen   NAPSS---a Numerical Analysis
                                  Problem-Solving System . . . . . . . . . 476--476
          Gloria M. Silvern and   
             Leonard C. Silvern   Computer-assisted instruction:
                                  specification of attributes for CAI
                                  programs and programmers . . . . . . . . 476--476
           Orrin E. Taulbee and   
             John T. Welch, Jr.   A new classification theory leading to
                                  automatic pattern recognition  . . . . . 476--476
                  E. W. Verhoef   Design of a multi-level file management
                                  system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 476--476
               L. Bernstein and   
               F. E. Slojkowski   An information system for the
                                  coordination of program design . . . . . 476--477
               J. H. Bryant and   
                 P. Semple, Jr.   GIS: its capabilities and application    477--477
             Martin Greenberger   Computer simulation: organization and
                                  form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477--477
         Martin Greenberger and   
               Malcolm M. Jones   Online simulation in the OPS system  . . 477--477
                  Emanuel Hayes   A digital simulation model of a freeway
                                  diamond interchange  . . . . . . . . . . 477--477
             Vilas D. Henderson   Functional design of a generalized
                                  vehicle flight simulation program  . . . 477--477
                Joseph W. Smith   Time shared scheduling . . . . . . . . . 477--477
                Roger V. Butler   The Langley remote computing terminal
                                  system: implementation and first year's
                                  operation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477--478
             Robert M. Anderson   Management controls for effective and
                                  profitable use of EDP resources  . . . . 478--478
              B. V. Bhimani and   
              R. D. Merrill and   
             R. R. Mitchell and   
                    M. R. Stark   An approach to speech synthesis and
                                  recognition on a digital computer  . . . 478--478
             Gerald H. Fine and   
          Calvin W. Jackson and   
                Paul V. McIsaac   Dynamic program behavior under paging    478--478
                David G. Hammel   An economical electronic
                                  point-of-sale/updating system  . . . . . 478--478
                  R. Hedger and   
              A. G. Pontius and   
               J. M. Seehof and   
                      G. Benson   A terminal operated production program
                                  (TOPP) system  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478--478
                     G. H. Kuby   Engineering, medical and scientific
                                  applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478--478
           Richard R. Linde and   
                 Paul E. Chaney   Operational management of time-sharing
                                  systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478--478
             Solomon L. Pollack   Business data processing . . . . . . . . 478--478
                Karl Ramsay and   
                 Jon C. Strauss   A real time priority scheduler . . . . . 478--478
              Robert G. Scherer   The new partnership---EDP and management
                                  valuable or violent in the 1970's  . . . 478--478
                  J. Seehof and   
                   W. Evans and   
             J. Friederichs and   
                     J. Quigley   Automated facilities layout program  . . 478--478
               Allen Weingarten   Analyzing a real time system . . . . . . 478--478
                James R. Oliver   Undergraduate student papers . . . . . . 479--479
              C. V. Ramamoorthy   The analytic design of a dynamic
                                  look-ahead and program segmenting system
                                  for multiprogrammed computers  . . . . . 479--479
            Arthur M. Rosenberg   Program structures for the
                                  multiprogramming environment . . . . . . 479--479
               W. E. Farley and   
               A. H. Pulido and   
             T. M. Minckler and   
                     L. D. Cady   Man/machine communications in the
                                  biological medical research environment  479--480
                  George Forbes   An engineering simulator . . . . . . . . 480--480
                   Mark Halpern   Symbolic processing of source language
                                  programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480--480
                Eugene D. Homer   An algorithm for selecting and
                                  sequencing statements as a basis for a
                                  problem-oriented programming system  . . 480--480
               Michael S. Skaft   An approximate solution to a weighted
                                  scheduling problem with multiple
                                  constraints  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480--480
               D. R. Winner and   
                    L. L. Marsh   A technique for optimizing a function of
                                  many variables: determining the minimum
                                  energy configuration of a crystal
                                  lattice  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480--480
         Stephen R. Yarnall and   
             Richard A. Kronmal   Computer aides to medical
                                  diagnosis---problems and progress  . . . 480--480
                 Ellen R. Clark   On the automatic simplification of
                                  source-language programs . . . . . . . . 480--481
                Charles Bachman   Development in file manipulation
                                  techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 481--481
             Thomas E. Cheatham   Compiling techniques . . . . . . . . . . 481--481
                J. A. Dugan and   
                R. S. Green and   
                  J. Minker and   
                  W. E. Shindle   A study of the utility of a hybrid
                                  associative processor  . . . . . . . . . 481--481
                 Paul Hamburger   On an automated method of symbolically
                                  analyzing times of computer programs . . 481--481
      Joseph A. Heiner, Jr. and   
               Reed O. Leishman   A generalized random extract device  . . 481--481
                David L. Parnas   State table analysis of programs in an
                                  ALGOL-like language  . . . . . . . . . . 481--481
             A. E. Roberts, Jr.   The construction of recognizers  . . . . 481--481
          Michael E. Tarter and   
             Richard A. Kronmal   Non-uniform key distribution and address
                                  calculation sorting  . . . . . . . . . . 481--481
               B. A. Galler and   
                   A. J. Perlis   A proposal for definitions in ALGOL  . . 481--482
                 John C. Alrich   Custom design of a digital system---some
                                  case histories . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482--482
                  J. T. Chu and   
                    J. C. Chueh   Error probability in decision functions
                                  for character recognition  . . . . . . . 482--482
             Harold R. Gillette   A special purpose multiprogramming
                                  system for a computer-controlled
                                  telemetry data reduction system  . . . . 482--482
                  R. W. Hamming   Statistics in numerical analysis . . . . 482--482
               I. Holgersen and   
                 E. Knutson and   
                  D. R. Merrill   Lunar orbiter command and telemetry data
                                  handling system (CTDH) at deep space
                                  stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482--482
                  Frank T. Kuhn   A real-time error correcting data
                                  transmission system treated as a Markov
                                  process  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482--482
            Clifford J. Maloney   Multinomial acceptance sampling  . . . . 482--482
              K. E. Tiernan and   
                 R. G. Dietrich   Digital generation of continuous
                                  filtered Gaussian noise  . . . . . . . . 482--482
          John Michael Williams   Design of the real-time executive for
                                  the Univac 418 system  . . . . . . . . . 482--482
              A. L. Calvery and   
              W. G. Castner and   
            C. I. MacDonald and   
               R. E. Peerenboom   The MECCA system, a modified list
                                  processing application for library
                                  collections  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483--483
           Martin L. Cramer and   
                 Jon C. Strauss   A hybrid-oriented inter-active language  483--483
                Robert M. Hayes   Information retrieval  . . . . . . . . . 483--483
          Allan J. Humphery and   
             Shelby L. Brumelle   An algorithm for retrieving indexed
                                  documents and its application  . . . . . 483--483
                 Samuel Kaufman   The IBM technical information retrieval
                                  center (ITIRC) system techniques . . . . 483--483
         David K. Oppenheim and   
                Dan P. Haggerty   META5: A tool to manipulate strings of
                                  data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483--483
            Juris Reinfelds and   
              L. A. Flenker and   
                R. N. Seitz and   
                P. L. Clem, Jr.   AMTRAM, a remote-terminal,
                                  conversational-mode computer system  . . 483--483
            Christopher J. Shaw   Programming languages for symbolic
                                  numeric and hybrid computation . . . . . 483--483
                  A. R. Meetham   Graph separability and word grouping . . 483--484
                   Joseph Behar   Applications of computer graphics  . . . 484--484
           Harold S. Corbin and   
                Werner L. Frank   Display-oriented computer usage system   484--484
                    N. G. Denil   A language and model for computer design 484--484
           Janice R. Lourie and   
            John J. Lorenzo and   
                Abel Bomberault   On-line textile designing  . . . . . . . 484--484
                L. M. Cole, Jr.   A short critique on Communications'
                                  contents page  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 485--485
                     Peter Naur   The science of datalogy  . . . . . . . . 485--485
                  C. G. Veinott   More on programming decision tables  . . 485--485
                  Gerard Salton   On referees, reviewers and critics . . . 486--486
           Anthony G. Oettinger   A vision of technology and education . . 487--490
                 Robert V. Head   The banking information system concept   491--496
                 Peter M. Neely   Comparison of several algorithms for
                                  computation of means, standard
                                  deviations and correlation coefficients  496--499
         E. G. Coffman, Jr. and   
                     R. C. Wood   Interarrival Statistics for Time Sharing
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500--503
              John A. Boles and   
               Peter T. Rux and   
   Frederick W. Weingarten, Jr.   NEBULA: a digital computer using a 20Mc
                                  glass delay line memory  . . . . . . . . 503--508
               Allen Weingarten   The Eschenbach Drum Scheme . . . . . . . 509--512
              W. A. Blankinship   Algorithm 287: Matrix triangulation with
                                  integer arithmetic [F1]  . . . . . . . . 513--513
              W. A. Blenkinship   Algorithm 287: Matrix Triangulation with
                                  Integer Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . 513
              W. A. Blankinship   Algorithm 288: Solution of simultaneous
                                  linear Diophantine equations [F4]  . . . 514--514
              W. A. Blenkinship   Algorithm 288: Solution of Simultaneous
                                  Linear Diophantine Equations [F4]  . . . 514
                 I. D. Hill and   
                     M. C. Pike   Algorithm 289: Confidence interval for a
                                  ratio [G1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514, 518
                     K. C. Peng   Techniques: Computational aspects of
                                  multiple covariance analysis on a
                                  multifactor structure  . . . . . . . . . 515--518
                V. G. Sigillito   A method for finding the m smallest
                                  values of a monotonic function defined
                                  on ordered sets of positive integers . . 519--521
                   R. D. Glautz   Partial step integration . . . . . . . . 521--521
            Richard Bellman and   
           Harriet Kagiwada and   
                  Robert Kalaba   Quasilinearization and the calculation
                                  of eigenvalues . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522--524
                     B. I. Blum   Free-text inputs to utility routines . . 525--526
             Reino Kurki-Suonio   On top-to-bottom recognition and left
                                  recursion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527--528
                T. Sterling and   
                 S. Pollack and   
                  M. Gleser and   
                    S. Haberman   Robot data screening: a solution to
                                  multivariate type problems in the
                                  biological and social sciences . . . . . 529--532

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 8, August, 1966

                 Jean E. Sammet   Survey of formula manipulation . . . . . 555--569
             Carlos Christensen   On the implementation of AMBIT, a
                                  language for symbol manipulation . . . . 570--573
                    A. C. Hearn   Computation of algebraic properties of
                                  elementary particle reactions using a
                                  digital computer . . . . . . . . . . . . 573--577
                  G. E. Collins   PM, A System for Polynomial Manipulation 578--589
                    R. G. Tobey   Experience with FORMAC algorithm design  589--597
            Ward Douglas Maurer   Computer experiments in finite algebra   598--603, 643
       Adolfo Guzmán and   
             Harold V. McIntosh   CONVERT  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 604--615
            Kenneth C. Knowlton   A programmer's description of L6 . . . . 616--625
            William E. Ball and   
                Robert I. Berns   AUTOMAST: automatic mathematical
                                  analysis and symbolic translation  . . . 626--633
            William E. Ball and   
                Robert I. Berns   $ {\rm AUTOMAST} $: Automatic
                                  mathematical analysis and symbolic
                                  translation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 626--633
                     Joel Moses   Solutions of systems of polynomial
                                  equations by elimination . . . . . . . . 634--637
             Dale E. Jordan and   
             Lewis C. Clapp and   
                Richard Y. Kain   Symbolic factoring of polynomials in
                                  several variables  . . . . . . . . . . . 638--643

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 9, September, 1966

                 E. J. Bell and   
                    C. Jennings   Letter to the Editor: On Primal--Dual
                                  Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653--653
            Hartmut G. M. Huber   Letter to the Editor: Algorithm and
                                  Formula  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653--654
                Donald E. Knuth   Letter to the Editor: Algorithm and
                                  program; information and data  . . . . . 654--654
                Robert F. Rosin   Letter to the Editor: Bridging the
                                  Equipment Gap for Processing
                                  64-Character Cards . . . . . . . . . . . 694--694
                      Anonymous   Letter to the Editor: A Counter-Example
                                  for Gotlieb's Method For the
                                  Construction of School Timetables  . . . 697--698
              Donald G. Audette   Computer technology in communist China,
                                  1956--1965 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 655--661
            William F. Atchison   Mathematics for undergraduate computer
                                  scientists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 662--670
             Ole-Johan Dahl and   
                Kristen Nygaard   SIMULA, an ALGOL-based simulation
                                  language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 671--678
               Paul W. Abrahams   A Final Solution to the Dangling else of
                                  ALGOL 60 and Related Languages . . . . . 679--682
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 290: Linear Equations Exact
                                  Solutions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683--684
                 M. C. Pike and   
                     I. D. Hill   Algorithm 291: Logarithm of Gamma
                                  Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 684--684
                    M. Bell and   
                     M. C. Pike   Remark on Algorithm 178 [E4] direct
                                  search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 684--685
                 M. C. Pike and   
                     I. D. Hill   Remarks on: Algorithms 34, 54, 80, 221,
                                  and 291  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 685--686
                     A. Bergson   Certification of Algorithm 41:
                                  Evaluation of determinant and Algorithm
                                  269: Determinant evaluation  . . . . . . 686--686
                    R. Fletcher   Certification of Algorithm 251: Function
                                  minimisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686--687
                     L. Hansson   Remark on Algorithm 266 [G5]:
                                  Pseudo-Random Numbers  . . . . . . . . . 687--687
                 M. C. Pike and   
                     I. D. Hill   Remark on Algorithm 266 [G5]:
                                  Pseudo-Random Numbers  . . . . . . . . . 687--687
                       G. Stern   Remark on Algorithm 256: Modified
                                  Graeffe method . . . . . . . . . . . . . 687--687
                       G. Stern   Remark on Algorithm 256: Modified
                                  Graeffe method . . . . . . . . . . . . . 687--687
            Richard B. McCammon   Half rotations in $N$-dimensional
                                  Euclidean space  . . . . . . . . . . . . 688--689
              S. M. Roberts and   
                  Benito Flores   Systematic generation of Hamiltonian
                                  circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 690--694

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 10, October, 1966

                A. G. Oettinger   President's letter to the ACM membership 712--713
           Daniel Teichroew and   
             John Francis Lubin   Computer simulation---discussion of the
                                  technique and comparison of languages    723--741
            Daniel Teichrow and   
             John Francis Lubin   Computer Simulation--Discussion of the
                                  Technique and Comparison of Languages    723--741
                Robert G. Tobey   Eliminating monotonous mathematics with
                                  FORMAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 742--751
            Richard Bellman and   
                 June Buell and   
                  Robert Kalaba   Mathematical experimentation in time-lag
                                  modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 752--754
               W. C. Martin and   
              K. C. Paulson and   
                     L. Sashkin   A general method of systematic interval
                                  computation for numerical integration of
                                  initial value problems . . . . . . . . . 754--757
                        S. Gorn   Code extension in ASCII  . . . . . . . . 758--762
                        S. Gorn   Rectangular holes in twelve-row punched
                                  cards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 763--763
                        S. Gorn   Description of systems used for data
                                  transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 764--770

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 11, November, 1966

               Robert P. Larsen   Data filtering applied to information
                                  storage and retrieval applications . . . 785--789
              B. M. Leavenworth   Syntax macros and extended translation   790--793
                Walter Gautschi   Algorithm 292: Regular Coulomb Wave
                                  Functions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 793--795
              Kenneth Hillstrom   Certification of Algorithm 257: Havie
                                  integrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 795--795
                    R. Williams   Remark on Algorithm 286: Examination
                                  scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 795--795
                  P. J. H. King   Conversion of decision tables to
                                  computer programs by rule mask
                                  techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 796--801
                   R. J. Clasen   Techniques for automatic tolerance
                                  control in linear programming  . . . . . 802--803
              Philip Rabinowitz   Automatic integration of a function with
                                  a parameter  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 804--806
           Robert H. Dargel and   
          Frank R. Loscalzo and   
                 Thomas H. Witt   Automatic Error Bounds on Real Zeros of
                                  Rational Functions . . . . . . . . . . . 806--809
                    Susumu Kuno   The augmented predictive analyzer for
                                  context-free languages---its relative
                                  efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810--823

Communications of the ACM
Volume 9, Number 12, December, 1966

                A. G. Oettinger   President's letter to the ACM membership 838--839
                 Aaron Finerman   Computer capabilities at Western
                                  European universities  . . . . . . . . . 840--844
              Philip M. Sherman   FLOWTRACE, a computer program for
                                  flowcharting programs  . . . . . . . . . 845--854
                  R. D. Wilkins   General time-varying systems error
                                  sensitivities program  . . . . . . . . . 855--859
                  I. Gargantini   On the application of the process of
                                  equalization of maxima to obtain
                                  rational approximation to certain
                                  modified Bessel functions  . . . . . . . 859--863
                 John J. Walton   Tensor calculations on the computer  . . 864--864
             J. E. Schlater and   
                 W. J. Hemmerle   Statistical computations based upon
                                  algebraically specified models . . . . . 865--869
                       G. Bayer   Algorithm 293: Transportation problem    869--871
                      I. Farkas   Certification of Algorithm 257 [D1]:
                                  Havie Integrator . . . . . . . . . . . . 869--871
                      Anonymous   Index by Subject to Algorithms, 1966 . . 869--871
                   Peter Bryant   Levels of computer systems . . . . . . . 873--876
                 C. Abraham and   
                G. N. Lance and   
                     T. Pearcey   Multiplexing of slow peripherals . . . . 877--878
              Niklaus Wirth and   
                   Helmut Weber   Errata: ``EULER: a generalization of
                                  ALGOL and it formal definition: Part 1'' 878--878
                Donald E. Knuth   Errata: ``Additional comments on a
                                  problem in concurrent programming
                                  control''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 878--878
              Niklaus Wirth and   
                 C. A. R. Hoare   Errata: ``A Contribution to the
                                  Development of ALGOL'' . . . . . . . . . 878--878


Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 1, January, 1967

                 Louis Fein and   
           Anthony G. Oettinger   ACM has a crisis of identity?  . . . . . 1--1
                  Gerard Salton   Covering the computer field  . . . . . . 2--2
             George E. Forsythe   A university's educational program in
                                  computer science . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--11
               Peter Calingaert   System Performance Evaluation: Survey
                                  and Appraisal  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--18
            Edward Morenoff and   
                 John B. McLean   A code for non-numeric information
                                  processing applications in online
                                  systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--22
               Dennis J. Aigner   Letter to the Editor: An interpretive
                                  input routine for linear programming . . 23--26
                   B. E. Cooper   A unifying computational method for the
                                  analysis of complete factorial
                                  experiments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--34
                     A. Hassitt   Data directed input-output in FORTRAN    35--39
               W. Murray Strome   Algorithm 294: Uniform Random  . . . . . 40--40
            Peter W. Shantz and   
               R. A. German and   
             J. G. Mitchell and   
           R. S. K. Shirley and   
                   C. R. Zarnke   WATFOR---The University of Waterloo
                                  FORTRAN IV compiler  . . . . . . . . . . 41--44
              P. G. Moulton and   
                   M. E. Muller   DITRAN---a compiler emphasizing
                                  diagnostics  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--52
                 W. J. Cody and   
                Anthony Ralston   A Note on Computing Approximations to
                                  the Exponential Function . . . . . . . . 53--55
                Morton Goldberg   On the computation of least squares
                                  polynomials  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--57
             John A. C. Bingham   An improvement to iterative methods of
                                  polynomial factorization . . . . . . . . 57--60
               John Banzhaf III   Computers and the copyright law: a
                                  commentary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--61
                 James P. Titus   Computers, communications, and the FCC   62--67

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 2, February, 1967

               R. O. Fisher and   
                  C. D. Shepard   Time sharing on a computer with a small
                                  memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--81
                  Jacques Cohen   A use of fast and slow memories in
                                  list-processing languages  . . . . . . . 82--86
                     James Wing   Abacus computation in number systems of
                                  bases other than ten . . . . . . . . . . 86--86
                  H. Späth   Algorithm 295: Exponential Curve Fit . . 87--87
                 G. J. Makinson   Algorithm 296: Generalized Least Squares
                                  Fit by Orthogonal Polynomials  . . . . . 87--88
             Betty Jane Gassner   Sorting by Replacement Selecting . . . . 89--93
              George S. Fishman   Problems in the statistical analysis of
                                  simulation experiments: The comparison
                                  of means and the length of sample
                                  records  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94--99
              R. E. Bellman and   
             H. H. Kagiwada and   
                   R. E. Kalaba   Invariant imbedding and the numerical
                                  integration of boundary-value problems
                                  for unstable linear systems of ordinary
                                  differential equations . . . . . . . . . 100--102
                George D. Byrne   Parameters for pseudo Runge--Kutta
                                  methods  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102--104
            I. Bennett Goldberg   $ 27 $ Bits Are Not Enough For $8$-Digit
                                  Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--106
                  L. W. Ehrlich   A modified Newton method for polynomials 107--108
                   S. G. Carmer   Programming the tabular method of
                                  analysis of variance for factorial
                                  experiments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109--110
              Samuel Gorenstein   Testing a random number generator  . . . 111--118
             John L. Pfaltz and   
               Azriel Rosenfeld   Computer representation of planar
                                  regions by their skeletons . . . . . . . 119--122
               Stan Shannon and   
               Claudia Henschke   Stat-Pack: a biostatistical programming
                                  package  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123--125
                 James P. Titus   Pros and cons of patenting computer
                                  programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126--127

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 3, March, 1967

          Peter Zilahy Ingerman   ``P\=anini--Backus Form'' suggested  . . 137--137
                     I. C. Pyle   Format effectors in ISO7 and ASCII . . . 137--137
                N. G. de Bruijn   Additional comments on a problem in
                                  concurrent programming control . . . . . 137--138
                 N. G. deBruijn   Letter to the Editor: Additional
                                  Comments on a Problem in Concurrent
                                  Programming Control  . . . . . . . . . . 137--138
                John F. Banzhaf   Call for information: law and data
                                  processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138--138
                     R. Y. Kain   Aesop and the referee: a fable . . . . . 138--138
                     Tom Scharf   More on processing 64-channel cards  . . 138--138
                A. G. Oettinger   President's letter to the ACM membership 139--140
                     Alex Orden   The emergence of a profession  . . . . . 145--147
            William F. Atchison   A reply to Fulkerson's comments  . . . . 148--148
                   L. Fulkerson   Should there be a CS undergraduate
                                  program? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148--148
            Edward Morenoff and   
                 John B. McLean   Application of Level Changing to a
                                  Multi-Level Storage Organization . . . . 149--154
           Daniel G. Bobrow and   
               Daniel L. Murphy   Programming Techniques: Structure of a
                                  LISP system using two-level Storage  . . 155--159
                 Ellen R. Clark   On the automatic simplification of
                                  source-language programs . . . . . . . . 160--165
              Melvin Klerer and   
                       Jack May   Automatic dimensioning . . . . . . . . . 165--166
                L. D. Neidleman   An application of FORMAC . . . . . . . . 167--168
               William M. Waite   An efficient procedure for the
                                  generation of closed subsets . . . . . . 169--171
                   L. von Sydow   Computer Typesetting of ALGOL  . . . . . 172--174
                     C. T. Fike   Methods of Evaluating Polynomial
                                  Approximations in Function Evaluation
                                  Routines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175--178
                   B. E. Rodden   Error-free methods for statistical
                                  computations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179--180
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 297: Eigenvalues and
                                  Eigenvectors of the Symmetric System $
                                  ({\bf A} - \lambda {\bf B}){\bf X} =
                                  {\bf 0} $  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181--182
                  H. Späth   Algorithm 298: Determination of the
                                  Square Root of a Positive Definite
                                  Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
                 John J. Walton   Tensor calculations on computer:
                                  appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183--186
             Allan M. Krall and   
                 Robert Fornaro   An algorithm for generating root locus
                                  diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186--188
                   J. Boothroyd   Remark on Algorithm 281: Abscissas and
                                  weights for Romberg quadrature . . . . . 188--188
                 James P. Titus   The Nebulous future of machine
                                  translation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189--191

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 4, April, 1967

             Lawrence G. Tesler   On ``Systematic generation of
                                  Hamiltonian circuits'' . . . . . . . . . 201--202
                    R. W. Bemer   ESC facility in USASCII  . . . . . . . . 202--202
              S. M. Roberts and   
                  Benito Flores   Mr. Roberts and Mr. Flores reply . . . . 202--202
                  Gerard Salton   The European computer gap  . . . . . . . 203--203
               B. A. Galler and   
                   A. J. Perlis   A proposal for definitions in ALGOL  . . 204--219
                Harold S. Stone   One-Pass compilation of arithmetic
                                  expressions for a parallel processor . . 220--223
                  R. A. Brooker   A note: Top-to-bottom parsing
                                  rehabilitated? . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223--224
               Peter Calingaert   Corrigenda: computer systems . . . . . . 224--224
                  L. W. Ehrlich   Corrigenda: numerical analysis . . . . . 224--224
                  Mark M. Klein   Scheduling project networks  . . . . . . 225--231
                P. S. Dwyer and   
                   B. A. Galler   A method for the solution of
                                  transportation problems with tall
                                  matrices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231--234
        Andrew D. Hall, Jr. and   
               Forman S. Action   Scheduling university course
                                  examinations by computer . . . . . . . . 235--238
                      E. Eisner   Numerical integration of a function that
                                  has a pole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239--243
                 I. D. Hill and   
                     M. C. Pike   Algorithm 299: Chi-Squared Integral  . . 243--244
                     J. H. Gunn   Algorithm 300: Coulomb Wave Functions    244--245
                 James P. Titus   Computer inquiries increase in
                                  Washington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246--246

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 5, May, 1967

                 Lewis C. Corey   Letter to the Editor: What level for ACM
                                  publications?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259--259
                       J. S. M.   Letter to the Editor: The President's
                                  letter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259--259
                     Louis Fein   Letter to the Editor: What is the true
                                  value of conferences?  . . . . . . . . . 259--260
               David A. Bridger   Letter to the Editor: Comments on
                                  ``Levels of computer systems'' . . . . . 260--260
              Peter A. Businger   Letter to the Editor: FORTRAN
                                  subroutines for scalar products  . . . . 260--260
               M. Schatzoff and   
                    R. Tsao and   
                        R. Wing   An experimental comparison of time
                                  sharing and batch processing . . . . . . 261--265
           Edward S. Walter and   
              Victor L. Wallace   Further analysis of a computing center
                                  environment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266--272
             Gary D. Hornbuckle   A multiprogramming monitor for small
                                  machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273--278
             S. Schlesinger and   
                     L. Sashkin   POSE: a language for posing problems to
                                  a computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279--285
                  G. S. Shedler   Parallel Numerical Methods for the
                                  Solution of Equations  . . . . . . . . . 286--291
               Gillian Bond and   
              M. L. V. Pitteway   Algorithm 301: Airy Function . . . . . . 291--292
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 302: Transpose Vector Stored
                                  Array  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292--293
                John J. Kohfeld   Certification of Algorithm 30: Numerical
                                  solution of the polynomial equation  . . 293--293
                 G. J. Makinson   Remark on Algorithm 28: Least squares
                                  fit by orthogonal polynomials  . . . . . 293--293
              Kenneth Hillstrom   Certification of Algorithm 279:
                                  Chebyshev quadrature . . . . . . . . . . 294--294
                J. W. Evans and   
                  F. Harary and   
                     M. S. Lynn   On the computer enumeration of finite
                                  topologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295--297
             G. G. Langdon, Jr.   An algorithm for generating permutations 298--299
             Salil K. Nandi and   
            E. V. Krishnamurthy   A simple technique for digital division  299--301
               Cyril N. Alberga   String similarity and misspellings . . . 302--313
                 James P. Titus   Copyright revision legislation . . . . . 314--315
           Anthony G. Oettinger   Oettinger exposes dangers to scientific
                                  endeavor inherent in copyright bill  . . 315--317

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 6, June, 1967

                A. G. Oettinger   President's letter to the ACM membership 335--337
              K. J. Engvold and   
                   J. L. Hughes   A model for a multifunctional teaching
                                  system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339--342
            Vincent E. Giuliano   Additional references  . . . . . . . . . 342--342
                Robert F. Rosin   Relative to the President's December
                                  letter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342--342
                    D. R. Reddy   Pitch period determination of speech
                                  sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343--348
           Scott H. Cameron and   
               Duncan Ewing and   
              Michael Liveright   DIALOG: a conversational programming
                                  system with a graphical orientation  . . 349--357
          Harold W. Lawson, Jr.   PL/I list processing . . . . . . . . . . 358--367
                John Abramowich   Storage allocation in a certain
                                  iterative process  . . . . . . . . . . . 368--370
                     David Ross   The checkless society: individual
                                  authorization of payment . . . . . . . . 370--370
                G. H. Golub and   
                T. N. Robertson   A generalized Bairstow algorithm . . . . 371--373
                 L. J. Gallaher   Algorithm 303: An Adaptive Quadrature
                                  Procedure with Random Panel Sizes  . . . 373--374
                 I. D. Hill and   
                    S. A. Joyce   Algorithm 304: Normal Curve Integral . . 374--375
                 M. C. Pike and   
                     I. D. Hill   Remark on Algorithm 179: Incomplete Beta
                                  ratio  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375--376
                 John H. Welsch   Certification of Algorithm 253:
                                  Eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix
                                  by the QR method . . . . . . . . . . . . 376--376
                 John H. Welsch   Certification of Algorithm 254:
                                  Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a real
                                  symmetric matrix by the QR method  . . . 376--377
                 G. J. Makinson   Remarks on Algorithm 296: Generalized
                                  least squares fit by orthogonal
                                  polynomials  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377--377
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Remarks on Algorithm 181: Complementary
                                  error function---large $X$ . . . . . . . 377--377
          Henry C. Thacher, Jr.   Remarks on Algorithm 180: Error
                                  function---large $X$ . . . . . . . . . . 377--377
                 I. D. Hill and   
                    S. A. Joyce   Remarks on Algorithm 123 [S15]: Real
                                  error function, \tt ERF(x); Algorithm
                                  180 [S15]: Error Function --- Large $
                                  {X} $; Algorithm 181 [S15]:
                                  Complementary Error Function --- Large $
                                  {X} $; Algorithm 209 [S15]: Gauss;
                                  Algorithm 226 [S15]: Normal Distribution
                                  Function; Algorithm 272 [S15]: Procedure
                                  for the Normal Distribution Functions;
                                  Algorithm 304 [S15]: Normal Curve
                                  Integral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377--378
                 James P. Titus   Security and privacy . . . . . . . . . . 379--381

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 7, July, 1967

                    R. W. Bemer   Letter to the Editor: on format
                                  effectors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 396--396
                   W. I. Givens   Letter to the Editor: a
                                  ``subprofessional'' comments . . . . . . 396--396
                      K. Wright   Letter to the Editor: on Bellman's
                                  method for unstable linear systems . . . 396--396
              Norman R. Nielsen   The Simulation of Time Sharing Systems   397--412
                  Laszlo Betyar   A user-oriented time-shared online
                                  system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413--419
              Stuart E. Madnick   Programming Techniques: String
                                  processing techniques  . . . . . . . . . 420--424
                    Larry Irwin   Implementing phrase-structure
                                  productions in PL/I  . . . . . . . . . . 424--424
            Russell W. Stineman   Plotting a function of three independent
                                  variables  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425--428
                 J. K. S. McKay   On the representation of symmetric
                                  polynomials  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428--429
              David G. Moursund   Optimal starting values for
                                  Newton--Raphson calculation of $ \sqrt
                                  {x} $  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430--432
               William M. Waite   A language independent macro processor   433--440
        Michael D. Callahan and   
               Anson E. Chapman   Description of basic algorithm DETAB/65
                                  preprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441--446
                       Ira Pohl   A method for finding Hamilton paths and
                                  Knight's tours . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446--449
                 P. Bratley and   
                 J. K. S. McKay   Algorithm 305: Symmetric Polynomials
                                  [C1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450--450
                     P. Bratley   Algorithm 306: Permutations with
                                  repetitions [G6] . . . . . . . . . . . . 450--451
                 J. K. S. McKay   Algorithm 307: Symmetric Group
                                  Characters [A1]  . . . . . . . . . . . . 451--452
                R. J. Ord-Smith   Algorithm 308: Generation of
                                  permutations in pseudo-lexicographic
                                  order [G6] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 452--452
                R. J. Ord-Smith   Remarks on Algorithm 87 [G6]:
                                  Permutation Generator; Algorithm 102
                                  [G6]: Permutation in Lexicographical
                                  Order; Algorithm 130 [G6]: Permute;
                                  Algorithm 202 [G6]: Generation of
                                  Permutations in Lexicographical Order    452--453
              M. L. V. Pitteway   Remark on Algorithm 301: Airy function   453--453
                    Lee S. Sims   Certification of Algorithm 258:
                                  Transport and Algorithm 293:
                                  Transportation problem . . . . . . . . . 453--453
                  H. Späth   Certification of Algorithm 285: The
                                  mutual primal-dual method  . . . . . . . 453--453
                 James P. Titus   Changes in government procurement
                                  policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454--455

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 8, August, 1967

                David C. Cooper   Böhm and Jacopini's reduction of flow
                                  charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463--463
                   T. D. Truitt   Thoughts on continuous change simulation
                                  languages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463--463
                A. G. Oettinger   President's letter to the ACM membership 464--468
                A. Michael Noll   A Computer Technique for Displaying
                                  $N$-Dimensional Hyperobjects . . . . . . 469--473
                 Jerry A. Ralya   A comment on Galler's letter . . . . . . 473--473
              Joseph Weizenbaum   Contextual understanding by computers    474--480
                Douglas T. Ross   The AED Free Storage Package . . . . . . 481--492
                    Ikuo Nakata   On Compiling Algorithms for Arithmetic
                                  Expressions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492--494
                  Lyle B. Smith   A comparison of batch processing and
                                  instant turnaround . . . . . . . . . . . 495--500
                  H. Schorr and   
                    W. M. Waite   An efficient machine-independent
                                  procedure for garbage collection in
                                  various list structures  . . . . . . . . 501--506
                     Ned Chapin   Parsing of decision tables . . . . . . . 507--511
Antonino Machado Souza Filho and   
            Georges Schwachheim   Algorithm 309: Gamma Function with
                                  Arbitrary Precision  . . . . . . . . . . 511--512
                    R. W. Bemer   Towards standards for handwritten zero
                                  and oh: much ado about nothing (and a
                                  letter), or a partial dossier on
                                  distinguishing between handwritten zero
                                  and oh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513--518
                 James P. Titus   ARPA: a visible means of support . . . . 519--520

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 9, September, 1967

           William J. Cody, Jr.   Letter to the Editor: Another Aspect of
                                  Economical Polynomials . . . . . . . . . 531--531
                       A. Gabay   Letter to the Editor: Change \em CACM
                                  and \em Journal Format?  . . . . . . . . 531--531
                  John McCarthy   Letter to the Editor: Comments on time
                                  sharing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 531--531
                 Alan F. Westin   Special report: legal safeguards to
                                  insure privacy in a computer society . . 533--537
                 Lynn Yarbrough   Precision calculations of $e$ and $ \pi
                                  $ constants  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 537--537
               R. W. Conway and   
                   H. L. Morgan   Tele-CUPL: a telephone time sharing
                                  system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538--542
                James C. Howard   Computer formulation of the equations of
                                  motion using tensor notation . . . . . . 543--548
                   Helmut Weber   A microprogrammed implementation of
                                  EULER on IBM System/360 model 30 . . . . 549--558
              R. J. Parente and   
                  H. S. Krasnow   A language for modeling and simulating
                                  dynamic systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . 559--567
               Vincent A. Busam   An algorithm for class scheduling with
                                  section preference . . . . . . . . . . . 567--569
                 B. A. Chartres   Algorithm 310: Prime Number Generator 1  569--569
                 B. A. Chartres   Algorithm 311: Prime number generator 2  570--570
                 B. A. Chartres   Remarks on: Algorithm 35 [A1]; Algorithm
                                  310 [A1]: Prime number generator 1;
                                  Algorithm 311 [A1]: Prime number
                                  generator 2  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570--570
                 Arthur M. Lesk   Dynamic computation of derivatives . . . 571--572
                      F. Luccio   A comment on index register allocation   572--574
               B. J. Austin and   
               T. S. Holden and   
                   R. H. Hudson   DAD, the C.S.I.R.O operating system  . . 575--583
                 James D. Foley   A Markovian model of the University of
                                  Michigan Executive System  . . . . . . . 584--588
                 James P. Titus   The patchwork nature of government
                                  computing support  . . . . . . . . . . . 589--592

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 10, October, 1967

           Anthony G. Oettinger   The hardware-software complementarity    604--606
                Z. L. Pankowicz   Further clarification of dates . . . . . 609--609
                A. Hood Roberts   Pinpointing the dates of data examined
                                  by the ALPAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 609--609
                   Eric P. Hamp   What are the most promising avenues of
                                  approach to attaining MT?  . . . . . . . 609--610
                 William Squire   On ``Numerical integration of a function
                                  that has a pole''  . . . . . . . . . . . 610--610
                Donald E. Knuth   The Remaining Trouble Spots in ALGOL 60  611--618
                    P. J. Brown   The ML/I macro processor . . . . . . . . 618--623
                   Earl J. Bell   Decomposition programming: an analysis
                                  of matrix substructure . . . . . . . . . 624--626
              M. V. Mathews and   
             Carol Lochbaum and   
                 Judith A. Moss   Three fonts of computer drawn letters    627--630
             Peter S. Rosenbaum   A grammar base question-answering
                                  procedure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 630--635
                  John L. Smith   Microprogramming under a page on demand
                                  strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 636--646
           Richard C. Singleton   On Computing the Fast Fourier Transform  647--654
                 Duane A. Adams   A stopping criterion for polynomial root
                                  finding  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 655--658
             M. C. Harrison and   
                 J. T. Schwartz   SHARER, a time sharing system for the
                                  CDC 6600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 659--665
                 Paul Friedland   Algorithm 312: Absolute Value and Square
                                  Root of a Complex Number . . . . . . . . 665--665
                 P. Bratley and   
                 J. K. S. McKay   Algorithm 313: Multi-Dimensional
                                  Partition Generator  . . . . . . . . . . 666--666
              Kenneth Hillstrom   Chebyshev quadrature . . . . . . . . . . 666--666
                 James P. Titus   An interview with Dr. Herbert R. J.
                                  Grosch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 667--667

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 11, November, 1967

             Artenio De Matteis   Letter to the Editor: Improvements based
                                  on computed errors . . . . . . . . . . . 683--683
                     C. T. Fike   Letter to the Editor: A rational
                                  approximation optimal by Moursund's
                                  criterion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683--684
                 Eliezer Naddor   Letter to the Editor: M in Z: a game for
                                  man-machine studies  . . . . . . . . . . 684--684
                R. J. Ord-Smith   Letter to the Editor: Remark on
                                  Langdon's algorithm  . . . . . . . . . . 684--684
                     I. C. Pyle   Letter to the Editor: Character coding
                                  for information processing interchange   684--684
          M. D. Oestreicher and   
               M. J. Bailey and   
                  J. I. Strauss   GEORGE 3 --- A General Purpose
                                  Time-sharing and Operating System  . . . 685--693
                  Jesse H. Katz   An experimental model of System/360  . . 694--702
           Thomas H. Naylor and   
              Kenneth Wertz and   
            Thomas H. Wonnacott   Methods for analyzing data from computer
                                  simulation experiments . . . . . . . . . 703--710
               B. A. Marron and   
              P. A. D. de Maine   Automatic Data Compression . . . . . . . 711--715
               R. E. Levien and   
                    M. E. Maron   A Computer System for Inference
                                  Execution and Data Retrieval . . . . . . 715--721
                  R. H. Shumway   On the expected gain from adjusting
                                  matched term retrieval systems . . . . . 722--725
               D. B. Dulley and   
              M. L. V. Pitteway   Algorithm 314: Finding a Solution of $
                                  {N} $ Functional Equations in $ {N} $
                                  Unknowns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 726--726
                  H. Späth   Algorithm 315: The Damped Taylor's
                                  Series Method for Minimizing a Sum of
                                  Squares and for Solving Systems of
                                  Nonlinear Equations  . . . . . . . . . . 726--728
                    K. M. Brown   Algorithm 316: Solution of simultaneous
                                  non-linear equations . . . . . . . . . . 728--729
            Charles L. Robinson   Algorithm 317: Permutation . . . . . . . 729--729
                 James P. Titus   Washington Commentary: Service Bureaus
                                  versus Banks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 744--745

Communications of the ACM
Volume 10, Number 12, December, 1967

                       P. P. Lo   Use Chinese for zero and oh? . . . . . . 757--757
                       Ira Pohl   Phase-structure productions in PL/I  . . 757--757
                  Lyle B. Smith   Re family membership in ACM  . . . . . . 757--757
                    G. E. Watts   In memory of Richard Goodman . . . . . . 757--757
         Peter C. Lockemann and   
                W. Dale Knutsen   A multiprogramming environment for
                                  online data acquisition and analysis . . 758--764
                 Daniel L. Drew   The LACONIQ monitor: time sharing for
                                  online dialogues . . . . . . . . . . . . 765--771
                 D. M. Dahm and   
            T. H. Gerbstadt and   
                  M. M. Pacelli   A system organization for resource
                                  allocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 772--779
              C. G. Gotlieb and   
                  D. G. Corneil   Algorithms for finding a fundamental set
                                  of cycles for an undirected linear graph 780--783
                Arla E. Weinert   A SIMSCRIPT--FORTRAN case study  . . . . 784--792
           L. Peter Deutsch and   
              Butler W. Lampson   An online editor . . . . . . . . . . . . 793--799, 803
                  S. Charmonman   Eigenvectors of a $ 2 n \times 2 n $
                                  matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 800--801
                   J. Boothroyd   Algorithm 318: Chebyschev Curve-Fit
                                  (Revised) [E2] . . . . . . . . . . . . . 801, 803
                      Anonymous   Index by Subject to Algorithms, 1967 . . 802--802
                   J. Boothroyd   Certification of Algorithm 91 [E2]:
                                  Chebyshev Curve-Fit  . . . . . . . . . . 803--803
                   R. Bayer and   
                   D. Gries and   
                    M. Paul and   
                   H. R. Wiehle   The ALCOR Illinois 7090/7094 post mortem
                                  dump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 804--808
        E. V. Krishnamurthy and   
                 Salil K. Nandi   On the Normalization Requirement of
                                  Divisor in Divide-and-Correct Methods    809--813
                 James P. Titus   Taxes at all levels  . . . . . . . . . . 814--815


Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 1, January, 1968

                   Ira Pohl and   
                     J. J. Duby   Letter to the Editor: Improved
                                  Hamiltonian Paths  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--1
                      G. Salton   Editorial: On the future of mechanical
                                  information files  . . . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                 H. Sackman and   
              W. J. Erikson and   
                    E. E. Grant   Exploratory experimental studies
                                  comparing online and offline programming
                                  performance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--11
                 David R. Green   Algorithm 319: Triangular Factors of
                                  Modified Matrices [F1] . . . . . . . . . 12--12
            Virginia W. Whitley   Certification of Algorithm 196 [C5]:
                                  Muller's method for finding roots of an
                                  arbitrary function . . . . . . . . . . . 12--14
                    M. R. Hoare   Remark on Algorithm 291 [S14]: Logarithm
                                  of gamma function  . . . . . . . . . . . 14--14
                 J. K. S. McKay   Remark on Algorithm 307 [A1]: Symmetric
                                  group characters . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--14
                Mark I. Halpern   Programming Languages: Toward a general
                                  processor for programming languages  . . 15--25
                    David Gries   Use of transition matrices in compiling  26--34
            Ward Douglas Maurer   Programming Technique: An improved hash
                                  code for scatter storage . . . . . . . . 35--38
                  Robert Morris   Scatter Storage Techniques . . . . . . . 38--44
              Philip Rabinowitz   Numerical Analysis: Practical error
                                  coefficients for estimating quadrature
                                  errors for analytic functions  . . . . . 45--46
              Philip Rabinowitz   Practical error coefficients for
                                  estimating quadrature errors for
                                  analytic functions . . . . . . . . . . . 45--46
                David W. Matula   In-and-Out Conversions . . . . . . . . . 47--50
                   W. S. Meisel   A numerical integration formula useful
                                  in Fourier analysis  . . . . . . . . . . 51--51

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 2, February, 1968

            W. Morven Gentleman   Letter to the Editor: Further comment on
                                  the computation of least squares
                                  polynomials  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--73
              Bernard A. Galler   President's letter to the ACM membership 74--76
             Jerome Feldman and   
                    David Gries   Translator writing systems . . . . . . . 77--113
                   D. B. Hunter   Algorithm 320: Harmonic Analysis for
                                  Symmetrically Distributed Data [C6]  . . 114--115
                    John Morris   Algorithm 321: $t$-Test Probabilities
                                  [S14]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115--116
                    Egon Dorrer   Algorithm 322: $F$-Distribution [S14]    116--117
                R. J. Ord-Smith   Algorithm 323: Generation of
                                  Permutations in Lexicographic Order [G6] 117--117
                       G. Bayer   Algorithm 324: Maxflow [H] . . . . . . . 117--118
                 Gerhard Zielke   Algorithm 325: Adjustment of the Inverse
                                  of a Symmetric Matrix When Two Symmetric
                                  Elements are Changed [F1]  . . . . . . . 118--118
                R. J. Pankhurst   Operating Systems: Program overlay
                                  techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119--125

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 3, March, 1968

             Edsger W. Dijkstra   Letter to the Editor: Go to statement
                                  considered harmful . . . . . . . . . . . 147--148
              Bernard A. Galler   Letter to the Editor: Language
                                  protection by trademark ill-advised  . . 148--148
                John E. Howland   Letter to the Editor: On practicality of
                                  sieving techniques vs. the sieving
                                  algorithm  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149--149
                     J. Howlett   Letter to the Editor: No trouble with
                                  Atlas I page-turning . . . . . . . . . . 149--149
               A. J. van Reeken   Letter to the Editor: Dealing with
                                  Neely's algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . 149--150
                    S. R. Clark   Letter to the Editor: Endorsing the
                                  Illinois post mortem dump  . . . . . . . 150--150
             Donald R. Morrison   Letter to the Editor: Abbreviations for
                                  computer and memory sizes  . . . . . . . 150--150
                   B. E. Rodden   Letter to the Editor: In defense of
                                  Langdon's algorithm  . . . . . . . . . . 150--150
Association for Computing Machinery   Curriculum 68 --- Recommendations for
                                  Academic Programs in Computer Science
                                  --- A Report of the ACM Curriculum
                                  Committee on Computer Science  . . . . . 151--197
        William F. Atchison and   
            Samuel D. Conte and   
            John W. Hamblen and   
             Thomas E. Hull and   
           Thomas A. Keenan and   
            William B. Kehl and   
        Edward J. McCluskey and   
          Silvio O. Navarro and   
       Werner C. Rheinboldt and   
           Earl J. Schweppe and   
            William Viavant and   
            David M. Young, Jr.   Curriculum 68: Recommendations for
                                  academic programs in computer science: a
                                  report of the ACM Curriculum Committee
                                  on Computer Science  . . . . . . . . . . 151--197
                 Donn B. Parker   Rules of ethics in information
                                  processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198--201

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 4, April, 1968

             Richard G. Canning   Goals for 1970 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220--220
              Bernard A. Galler   ACM: A coming of age . . . . . . . . . . 221--221
                   E. L. Harder   The expanding world of computers . . . . 231--239
               Stephen H. Unger   A global parser for context-free phrase
                                  structure grammars . . . . . . . . . . . 240--247
                  H. E. Kulsrud   Programming Languages: A general purpose
                                  graphic language . . . . . . . . . . . . 247--254
              R. E. Bellman and   
             H. H. Kagiwada and   
               R. E. Kalaba and   
                   R. Vasudevan   Numerical Analysis: Quasilinearization
                                  and the estimation of differential
                                  operators from eigenvalues . . . . . . . 255--256
                John W. Hamblen   Education: Expenditures, sources of
                                  funds, and utilization of digital
                                  computers for research and instruction
                                  in higher education: 1964--65 with
                                  projections for 1968--69 . . . . . . . . 257--262
            Elliott I. Organick   Panel discussion on computer
                                  appreciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263--268, 272
        Terence R. F. Nonweiler   Algorithm 326: Roots of Low-Order
                                  Polynomial Equations [C2]  . . . . . . . 269--270
              K. S. Kölbig   Algorithm 327: Dilogarithm [S22] . . . . 270--271
                     A. Bergson   Certification of and remark on Algorithm
                                  304 [S15]: Normal curve integral . . . . 271--271
         William M. O'Brien and   
                      Joan Wood   Certification of Algorithm 299 [S15]:
                                  Chi-squared integral . . . . . . . . . . 271--271
                       G. Bayer   Remark on Algorithm 293 [H]:
                                  Transportation problem . . . . . . . . . 271--272
                 J. K. S. McKay   Remark on Algorithm 305 [C1]: Symmetric
                                  polynomials  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272--272
                       E. Lohse   Standards: Proposed USA Standard: Data
                                  code for calendar date for
                                  machine-to-machine data interchange  . . 273--274
                       E. Lohse   Hollerith punched card code  . . . . . . 275--281

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 5, May, 1968

              Bernard A. Galler   Official ACM: President's letter to the
                                  ACM membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293--293
              Lynn D. Yarbrough   Letter to the Editor: on using a graphic
                                  input tablet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294--294
                 B. Randell and   
                  C. J. Kuehner   Dynamic storage allocation systems . . . 297--306
            Robert C. Daley and   
                 Jack B. Dennis   Virtual Memory, Processes, and Sharing
                                  in MULTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306--312
             G. Oppenheimer and   
                      N. Weizer   Resource management for a medium scale
                                  time-sharing operating system  . . . . . 313--322
               Peter J. Denning   The Working Set Model for Program
                                  Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323--333
                    Kurt Fuchel   Considerations in the design of a
                                  multiple computer system with extended
                                  core storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334--340
             Edsger W. Dijkstra   The structure of the
                                  ``THE''-multiprogramming system  . . . . 341--346
              Butler W. Lampson   A scheduling philosophy for
                                  multiprocessing systems  . . . . . . . . 347--360
               Earl C. Van Horn   Three criteria for designing computing
                                  systems to facilitate debugging  . . . . 360--365
               Robert M. Graham   Protection in an Information Processing
                                  Utility  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365--369
                 Jack B. Dennis   A Position Paper on Computing and
                                  Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370--377
              Russell J. Abbott   Letter to the Editor: gathering of
                                  misleading data with little regard for
                                  privacy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377--378
                J. D. Beyer and   
               W. D. Maurer and   
             Frank K. Bamberger   Letter to the Editor: Comments on ``An
                                  Improved Hash Code for Scatter Storage'' 378--378
                 George G. Dodd   Letter to the Editor: ACM a clearing
                                  house for computer acronyms? . . . . . . 378--378

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 6, June, 1968

                 Wallace Givens   Letter to the Editor: proposed
                                  abbreviation for $ 1024 $: bK  . . . . . 391--391
                E. J. Orth, Jr.   Letter to the Editor: Standardization of
                                  hand-coding needed for man-to-machine
                                  communication  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391--391
            Christopher J. Shaw   Letter to the Editor: on the development
                                  of a new common computer languages . . . 391--391
                      Knut Bahr   Letter to the Editor: An auxiliary
                                  program to analyze LISP 1.5 programs . . 392--392
           Glen G. Langdon, Jr.   Letter to the Editor: Generating
                                  permutations by nested cycling . . . . . 392--392
                 J. K. S. McKay   Letter to the Editor: on the evaluation
                                  of multiplicative combinatorial
                                  expressions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392--392
         Richard H. Bartels and   
                  Gene H. Golub   Numerical Analysis: Stable numerical
                                  methods for obtaining the Chebyshev
                                  solution to an overdetermined system of
                                  equations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401--406
                    W. C. Lynch   Computer Systems: Reliable full-duplex
                                  file transmission over half-duplex
                                  telephone line . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407--410
                 T. H. Myer and   
               I. E. Sutherland   On the Design of Display Processors  . . 410--414
                   D. Ophir and   
               S. Rankowitz and   
             B. J. Shepherd and   
                  R. J. Spinrad   Scientific Applications: BRAD: the
                                  Brookhaven RAster Display  . . . . . . . 415--416
           Gary B. Anderson and   
                David W. Rogers   An inexpensive Braille terminal device   417--418, 440
                   Ken Thompson   Programming Techniques: Regular
                                  expression search algorithm  . . . . . . 419--422
                  Paul T. Brady   Writing an online debugging program for
                                  the experienced user . . . . . . . . . . 423--427
         Richard H. Bartels and   
                  Gene H. Golub   Algorithm 328: Chebyshev Solution to An
                                  Overdetermined Linear System [F4]  . . . 428--430
             Robert R. Fenichel   Algorithm 329: Distributed of
                                  Indistinguishable Objects Into
                                  Distinguishable Slots [G6] . . . . . . . 430--430
                     Ian Oliver   Algorithm 330: Factorial Analysis of
                                  Variance [G1]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431--432
                Walter Gautschi   Algorithm 331: Gaussian Quadrature
                                  Formulas [D1]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432--436
              Bruno F. W. Witte   Algorithm 332: Jacobi polynomials [S22]  436--437
         Rodolfo C. Salazar and   
                 Subrata K. Sen   Algorithm 333: MINIT Algorithm For
                                  Linear Programming [H] . . . . . . . . . 437--440
                       E. Lohse   Standards: Heading format for data
                                  transmission (A USAAI) tutorial  . . . . 441--448
               I. E. Sutherland   A futures market in computer time  . . . 449--451

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 7, July, 1968

              E. G. Coffman and   
                   L. C. Varian   Further experimental data on the
                                  behavior of programs in a paging
                                  environment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 471--474
                     I. J. Good   Letter to the Editor: number of possible
                                  strategies when writing compilers  . . . 474--474
           Jaroslav Král   One way of estimating frequencies of
                                  jumps in a program . . . . . . . . . . . 475--480
                    George Nagy   Preliminary investigation of techniques
                                  for automated reading of unformatted
                                  text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480--487
                    A. Wolinsky   A Simple Proof of Lewin's
                                  Ordered-Retrieval Theorem for
                                  Associative Memories . . . . . . . . . . 488--490
                       A. Bayes   A Generalized Partial-Pass Block Sort    491--493
                   A. C. Fisher   Computer construction of project
                                  networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493--497
                  James R. Bell   Algorithm 334: Normal Random Deviates
                                  [G5] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498--498
                R. De Vogelaere   Remark on Algorithm 178: Direct search   498--498
                 M. D. MacLaren   Remark on Algorithm 272: Procedure for
                                  the normal distribution functions  . . . 498--498
           G. V. McWilliams and   
                 R. W. Thompson   Methods of convergence improvement for
                                  some improper integrals  . . . . . . . . 499--502
                   H. K. Kuiken   Determination of the intersection points
                                  of two plane curves by means of
                                  differential equations . . . . . . . . . 502--506
                Roger W. Elliot   Master's level computer science
                                  curricula  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507--508
                     S. Stimler   A methodology for calculating and
                                  optimizing real-time system performance  509--516
                 John R. Ehrman   ``Logical'' arithmetic on computers with
                                  two's complement binary arithmetic . . . 517--520
            D. L. Dietmeyer and   
                    J. R. Duley   Generating prime implicants via ternary
                                  encoding and decimal arithmetic  . . . . 520--523

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 8, August, 1968

                David L. Parnas   Letter to the Editor: on improving the
                                  quality of our technical meetings  . . . 537--538
             Jeffrey L. DeVeber   Letter to the Editor: correction's to
                                  Stone's compiler procedures  . . . . . . 538--538
               John R. Rice and   
             Edsger W. Dijkstra   Letter to the Editor: The go to
                                  statement reconsidered . . . . . . . . . 538--538
               David F. Stevens   Operating Systems: On overcoming
                                  high-priority paralysis in
                                  multiprogramming systems: a case history 539--541
         Peter C. Lockemann and   
                W. Dale Knutsen   Information Retrieval: Recovery of disk
                                  contents after system failure  . . . . . 542--542
         Peter C. Lockemann and   
                W. Dale Knutsen   Recovery of Disk Contents after System
                                  Failure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 542--549
            John F. Banzhaf III   When your computer needs a lawyer  . . . 543--549
                 C. A. Lang and   
                     J. C. Gray   ASP --- A Ring Implemented Associative
                                  Structure Package  . . . . . . . . . . . 550--555
                 C. A. Lang and   
                     J. C. Gray   Programming Techniques: ASP---a ring
                                  implemented associative structure
                                  package  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 550--555
               Harold J. Breaux   A modification of Efroymson's technique
                                  for stepwise regression analysis . . . . 556--558
           Daniel G. Bobrow and   
               Daniel L. Murphy   A note on the efficiency of a LISP
                                  computation in a paged machine . . . . . 558, 560
                 C. A. Hall and   
                T. A. Porsching   Generation of positive test matrices
                                  with known positive spectra  . . . . . . 559--560
                 C. A. Hall and   
                T. A. Porsching   Programming Languages: Generation of
                                  positive test matrices with known
                                  positive spectra . . . . . . . . . . . . 559--560
                Edward F. Storm   CHAMP---character manipulation
                                  procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561--566
                R. De Vogelaere   Algorithm 335: A Set of Basic
                                  Input-Output Procedures  . . . . . . . . 567--573
                   John F. Muth   Remark on Algorithm 217 [H]: Minimum
                                  excess cost curve  . . . . . . . . . . . 573--573
               Calvin N. Mooers   Standards: Accommodating standards and
                                  identification of programming languages  574--576
               T. B. Steel, Jr.   Commentary on Mr. Mooers' paper  . . . . 576--576

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 9, September, 1968

          A. Kenneth Fitzgerald   Letter to the Editor: on Congressman
                                  Brooks' letter Re: standardization . . . 593--593
                     G. A. Mapp   Proposed library of programs for
                                  personnel and related work . . . . . . . 593--593
                    Mel Skinner   Letter to the Editor: A tactical assault
                                  on systems procurement . . . . . . . . . 593--593
             Richard K. Bennett   Letter to the Editor: A base for
                                  language definition  . . . . . . . . . . 594--594
            Jeffrey P. Krischer   Letter to the Editor: On computer
                                  appreciation in the undergraduate
                                  curriculum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 594--594
                 Fred C. Hutton   Information Retrieval: PEEKABIT,
                                  computer offspring of punched card
                                  PEEKABOO, for natural language searching 595--598
            Morris Rubinoff and   
             Samuel Bergman and   
            Winifred Franks and   
             Elayne R. Rubinoff   Experimental Evaluation of Information
                                  Retrieval through a Teletypewriter . . . 598--604
               Peter J. Denning   Operating Systems: A statistical model
                                  for console behavior in multiuser
                                  computers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605--612
           Hideyuki Hayashi and   
              Sheila Duncan and   
                    Susumu Kuno   Computational Linguistics: Graphical
                                  input/output of nonstandard characters   613--618
                  B. L. Fox and   
                    D. M. Landi   Scientific Applications: An algorithm
                                  for identifying the ergodic subchains
                                  and transient states of a stochastic
                                  matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619--621
                 J. C. Dill and   
              D. L. Randall and   
                      I. Richer   PLEXUS---an on-line system for modeling
                                  neural networks  . . . . . . . . . . . . 622--629
                   G. D. Miller   Programming Techniques: An algorithm for
                                  the probability of the union of a large
                                  number of events . . . . . . . . . . . . 630--631
                 T. A. Bray and   
                    C. Witzgall   Algorithm 336: Netflow . . . . . . . . . 631--632
                 T. A. Bray and   
                    C. Witzgall   Remark on Algorithm 248 [H]: Netflow . . 633--633
            J. H. Henderson and   
                R. M. Knapp and   
               M. E. Volberding   Remark on Algorithm 248: Netflow . . . . 633--633
                  W. Pankiewicz   Algorithm 337: Calculation of a
                                  Polynomial and Its Derivative Values by
                                  Horner Scheme [C1] . . . . . . . . . . . 633--633
                 Jan V. Garwick   Programming Languages: GPL, a truly
                                  general purpose language . . . . . . . . 634--638
         G. W. Stewart, III and   
                   Dale W. Lick   Numerical Analysis: Numerical solution
                                  of a thin plate heat transfer problem    639--641
          John R. B. Whittlesey   A comparison of the correlational
                                  behavior of random number generators for
                                  the IBM 360  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 641--644

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 10, October, 1968

                  Paul Abrahams   Letter to the Editor: On ``prime
                                  phrase'' in Feldman and Gries paper  . . 657--657
           Henry F. Fliegel and   
         Thomas C. van Flandern   Letter to the Editor: a machine
                                  algorithm for processing calendar dates  657--657
                 Harold Wooster   Letter to the Editor: Do you use
                                  microfiche?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 657--658
                Bruce A. Martin   Letter to the Editor: On binary notation 658--658
             Raymond P. Wishner   Letter to the Editor: Comment on
                                  Curriculum 68  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 658--658
              Bernard A. Galler   President's letter to the ACM
                                  membership: Involvement  . . . . . . . . 659--659
                L. B. Lesem and   
               P. M. Hirsch and   
              J. A. Jordan, Jr.   Scientific Applications: Computer
                                  Synthesis of Holograms for $3$-D Display 661--674
                   A. Schurmann   Business Applications: GAN, a system for
                                  generating and analyzing activity
                                  networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675--679
                  P. J. H. King   Ambiguity in limited entry decision
                                  tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 680--684
                David F. Martin   Programming Languages: Boolean matrix
                                  methods for the detection of simple
                                  precedence grammars  . . . . . . . . . . 685--687
            Helen V. Braden and   
                William A. Wulf   The implementation of a BASIC system in
                                  a multiprogramming environment . . . . . 688--692
                M. Rubinoff and   
                 S. Bergman and   
                  H. Cautin and   
                        F. Rapp   Information Retrieval: Easy English, a
                                  language for information retrieval
                                  through a remote typewriter console  . . 693--696
              K. J. Engvold and   
                   J. L. Hughes   Education: A general-purpose display
                                  processing and tutorial system . . . . . 697--702
              Glenn D. Bergland   Numerical Analysis: A Fast Fourier
                                  Transform algorithm for real-valued
                                  series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 703--710

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 11, November, 1968

              Bernard A. Galler   President's letter to the ACM
                                  membership: The ACM Council  . . . . . . 729--729
              Robert McNaughton   Education: Doctoral Program Series:
                                  Automata, Formal Languages, Abstract
                                  Switching, and Computability in a Ph.D.
                                  Computer Science Program . . . . . . . . 738--740, 746
                 Jane G. Jodeit   Storage organization in programming
                                  systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 741--746
           Sam F. Mendicino and   
           Robert A. Hughes and   
           Jeanne T. Martin and   
           Frank H. McMahon and   
         John E. Ranelletti and   
          Richard G. Zwakenberg   The LRLTRAN compiler . . . . . . . . . . 747--755
             Robert R. Korfhage   A note on a relevance estimate and its
                                  improvement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 756--756
           George Marsaglia and   
                     T. A. Bray   One-line random number generators and
                                  their use in combinations  . . . . . . . 757--759
               Donald Greenspan   Approximate solution of initial-boundary
                                  wave equation problems by boundary-value
                                  techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 760--763
              Philip Rabinowitz   Practical error coefficients in the
                                  integration of periodic analytic
                                  functions by the trapezoidal rule  . . . 764--765
           Daniel G. Bobrow and   
                J. Bruce Fraser   A phonological rule tester . . . . . . . 766--772
           Richard C. Singleton   Algorithm 338: Algol Procedures For the
                                  Fast Fourier Transform [C6]  . . . . . . 773--776
           Richard C. Singleton   Algorithm 339: An Algol Procedure for
                                  the Fast Fourier Transform with
                                  Arbitrary Factors [C6] . . . . . . . . . 776--779
              Albert Noltemeier   Algorithm 340: Roots of Polynomials by a
                                  Root-Squaring and Resultant Routine [C2] 779--782
                J. L. Byrne and   
                    L. G. Proll   Algorithm 341: Solution of Linear
                                  Programs in $0$-$1$ Variables by
                                  Implicit Enumeration (H) . . . . . . . . 782--782
                       E. Lohse   Correspondences of $8$-bit and Hollerith
                                  codes for computer environments---a
                                  USASI tutorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . 783--789
                      Anonymous   Correspondences of $8$-bit and Hollerith
                                  codes for computer environments --- a
                                  USASI tutorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . 783

Communications of the ACM
Volume 11, Number 12, December, 1968

                  John Maniotes   Letter to the Editor: on master's level
                                  curricula survey . . . . . . . . . . . . 801--801
                     Saul Rosen   Letter to the Editor: On selecting the
                                  sites for IFIP congresses  . . . . . . . 801--801
          Bernard A. Galler and   
                 Aaron Finerman   Lettes to the editor: Proprietary
                                  packages: a point of view  . . . . . . . 802--802
                Gabor T. Herman   Simulation of one abstract computing
                                  machine by another . . . . . . . . . . . 802--802
                  Gerard Salton   Editorial: professional society
                                  publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 803--804
          Walter L. Johnson and   
            James H. Porter and   
        Stephanie I. Ackley and   
                Douglas T. Ross   Automatic generation of efficient
                                  lexical processors using finite state
                                  techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 805--813
            James C. Howard and   
                Howard Tashjian   An algorithm for deriving the equations
                                  of mathematical physics by symbolic
                                  manipulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 814--818, 826
                Richard H. Show   Algorithms: Algorithm 342: Generator of
                                  random numbers satisfying the Poisson
                                  distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 819--820
                     R. H. Snow   Algorithm 342: Generator of Random
                                  Numbers Satisfying the Poisson
                                  Distribution [G5]  . . . . . . . . . . . 819--820
                    J. Grad and   
                  M. A. Brebner   Algorithm 343: Eigenvalues and
                                  Eigenvectors of a Real General Matrix    820--826
              K. S. Kölbig   Remarks on Algorithm 32 [D1]: MULTINT
                                  and Certification of Algorithm 32  . . . 826--826
                      Anonymous   Index by Subject to Algorithms,
                                  1960--1968 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 827--830
                Susumu Kuno and   
           Anthony G. Oettinger   Computational linguistics in a Ph.D.
                                  computer science program . . . . . . . . 831--836
              Ronald L. Gue and   
            John C. Liggett and   
                Kenneth C. Cain   Analysis of algorithms for the zero-one
                                  programming problem  . . . . . . . . . . 837--844
                 M. C. Harrison   Implementation of the SHARER2
                                  time-sharing system  . . . . . . . . . . 845--845
                    E. L. Lohse   Standards: Proposed USA Standard:
                                  Procedures for the standardization
                                  process  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 846--849
                    E. L. Lohse   Standards: Proposed USA Standard: Code
                                  extension procedures for information
                                  interchange  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 849--852


Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 1, January, 1969

              Bernard A. Galler   President's letter to the ACM
                                  membership: the graduate . . . . . . . . 1--1
                 John J. Cannon   Computers in Group Theory: A Survey  . . 3--12
            Edward S. Lowry and   
                  C. W. Medlock   Object code optimization . . . . . . . . 13--22
                   S. Y. Ku and   
                    R. J. Adler   Computing polynomial resultants: Bézout's
                                  determinant vs Collins' reduced P.R.S.
                                  algorithm  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--30
                 Bruce W. Arden   The Role of Programming in a Ph.D.
                                  Computer Science Program . . . . . . . . 31--37
                David A. Levine   Algorithm 344: Student's
                                  $t$-Distribution [S14] . . . . . . . . . 37--38
                      I. Farkas   Certification of Algorithm 165 [S21]:
                                  Complete elliptic integrals  . . . . . . 38--38
          James Vandergraft and   
              Charles Mesztenyi   Remark on Algorithm 314 [C5]: Finding a
                                  solution of $N$ functional equations in
                                  $N$ unknowns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38--39
                 J. B. F. Field   Certification of Algorithm 322 [S14] . . 39--39
                Oliver K. Smith   Remark on Algorithm 337 [C1]:
                                  Calculation of a polynomial and its
                                  derivative values by Horner scheme . . . 39--39
                 Joyce Friedman   Directed random generation of sentences  40--46
                   Saul Stimler   Standards: Some criteria for
                                  time-sharing system performance  . . . . 47--53

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 2, February, 1969

              Bernard A. Galler   President's letter to the ACM
                                  membership: The journal  . . . . . . . . 65--66
                  R. H. Day and   
            M. K. Mansfield and   
                    M. E. Ellis   CODAS: A data display system . . . . . . 67--72
                   Yale N. Patt   Variable Length Tree Structures Having
                                  Minimum Average Search Time  . . . . . . 72--76
                S. R. Arora and   
                     W. T. Dent   Randomized Binary Search Technique . . . 77--80
             R. R. Redziejowski   On arithmetic expressions and trees  . . 81--84
                W. H. Payne and   
               J. R. Rabung and   
                    T. P. Bogyo   Coding the Lehmer pseudo-random number
                                  generator  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--86
            Richard F. King and   
              David L. Phillips   The Logarithmic Error and Newton's
                                  Method for the Square Root . . . . . . . 87--88
                  Lyle B. Smith   Interval arithmetic determinant
                                  evaluation and its use in testing for a
                                  Chebyshev system . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--93
                  J. B. Kruskal   Extremely Portable Random Number
                                  Generator  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--94
                M. R. Schroeder   Images from computers and microfilm
                                  plotters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95--101
                Ernst G. Ulrich   Exclusive simulation of activity in
                                  digital networks . . . . . . . . . . . . 102--110
                      G. Salton   Information Science in a Ph.D. Computer
                                  Science Program  . . . . . . . . . . . . 111--117

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 3, March, 1969

                Gerald M. Berns   Description of FORMAT, a text-processing
                                  program  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141--146
               Stephen P. Morse   Scientific Applications: Concepts of use
                                  in contour map processing  . . . . . . . 147--152
             A. C. McKellar and   
         Edward G. Coffman, Jr.   Operating Systems: Organizing Matrices
                                  and Matrix Operations for Paged Memory
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153--165
                    R. F. Rosin   Pseudofiles  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
                      Anonymous   Data communication control procedures
                                  for the USA Standard Code for
                                  Information Interchange  . . . . . . . . 166--178
                    E. L. Lohse   Data communications control procedures
                                  for the USA Standard Code for
                                  Information Interchange  . . . . . . . . 166--178
           Richard C. Singleton   Algorithm 345: An Algol Convolution
                                  Procedure Based on the Fast Fourier
                                  Transform [C6] . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179--184
                    John Morris   Algorithm 346: $F$-test Probabilities
                                  [S14]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184--185
           Richard C. Singleton   Algorithm 347: An Efficient Algorithm
                                  for Sorting with Minimal Storage [M1]    185--187
                        M. Gray   Remark on Algorithm 329 [G6]:
                                  Distribution of Indistinguishable
                                  Objects into Distinguishable Slots . . . 187--187
           Richard C. Singleton   Remark on Algorithm 339 [C6]: An Algol
                                  procedure for the Fast Fourier Transform
                                  with Arbitrary Factors . . . . . . . . . 187--187
              Bernard A. Galler   President's letters to the ACM
                                  membership: the AFIPS constitution . . . 188--188

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 4, April, 1969

              Bernard A. Galler   President's letter to the ACM
                                  membership: Let's face it  . . . . . . . 193--193
                  C. C. Gotlieb   Editorial: on the ACM publications . . . 197--198
                 Thomas C. Lowe   Analysis of Boolean program models for
                                  time-shared, paged environments  . . . . 199--205
              R. Galimberti and   
                   U. Montanari   An algorithm for hidden line elimination 206--211
                  R. R. Climpel   Algorithm 348: Matrix Scaling by Integer
                                  Programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212--213
                  R. R. Klimpel   Algorithm 348: Matrix scaling by integer
                                  programming [F1] . . . . . . . . . . . . 212--213
  Adilson Tadeu de Medeiros and   
            Georges Schwachheim   Algorithm 349: Polygamma Functions with
                                  Arbitrary Precision [S14]  . . . . . . . 213--214
                  Jesse H. Katz   Simulation of outpatient appointment
                                  systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215--222
         Stanley R. Petrick and   
             Paul M. Postal and   
             Peter S. Rosenbaum   On coordination reduction and sentence
                                  analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223--233
                 Donald J. Rose   An Algorithm for Solving a Special Class
                                  of Tridiagonal Systems of Linear
                                  Equations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234--236
               A. H. Stroud and   
                    J. P. Kohli   Computation of $ J_n(x) $ by numerical
                                  integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236--238

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 5, May, 1969

          John R. B. Whittlesey   Letter to the Editor: On the
                                  Multidimensional Uniformity of
                                  Pseudorandom Generators  . . . . . . . . 247--247
                    Derick Wood   Letter to the Editor: A few more trouble
                                  spots in ALGOL 60  . . . . . . . . . . . 247--248
                Michael M. Gold   Time-sharing and batch-processing. An
                                  experimental comparison of their values
                                  in a problem-solving situation . . . . . 249--259
             K. A. Bartlett and   
          R. A. Scantlebury and   
                P. T. Wilkinson   A note on reliable full-duplex
                                  transmission over half-duplex links  . . 260--261
                Stanley E. Lass   Automated printed circuit routing with a
                                  stepping aperture  . . . . . . . . . . . 262--265
         Richard H. Bartels and   
                  Gene H. Golub   The Simplex Method of Linear Programming
                                  Using LU Decomposition . . . . . . . . . 266--268
              Philip Rabinowitz   Rough and ready error estimates in
                                  Gaussian integration of analytic
                                  functions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268--270
              Herbert E. Salzer   Chebyshev interpolation and quadrature
                                  formulas of very high degree . . . . . . 271--271
                 J. B. Hext and   
                  J. W. Winings   An automatic grading scheme for simple
                                  programming exercises  . . . . . . . . . 272--275
         Richard H. Bartels and   
                  Gene H. Golub   Algorithm 350: Simplex method procedure
                                  employing $ L U $ decomposition [H]  . . 275--278
              K. S. Kölbig   Certification of Algorithm 292 [S22]:
                                  Regular Coulomb wave functions and of
                                  remark on Algorithm 292 [S22]: Regular
                                  Coulomb wave functions . . . . . . . . . 278--279
              K. S. Kölbig   Certification of Algorithm 300 [S22]:
                                  Coulomb wave functions . . . . . . . . . 279--280
                Walter Gautschi   Remark on Algorithm 292 [S22]: Regular
                                  Coulomb wave functions . . . . . . . . . 280--280
                     I. D. Hill   Remark on Algorithm 331: Gaussian
                                  quadrature formulas [D1] . . . . . . . . 280--281
                        R. Knop   Remark on Algorithm 334 [G5]: Normal
                                  random deviates  . . . . . . . . . . . . 281--281
              Albert Noltemeier   Remark on Algorithm 340 [C2]: Roots of
                                  polynomials by a root-squaring and
                                  resultant routine  . . . . . . . . . . . 281--281
               L. A. Belady and   
                  C. J. Kuehner   Dynamic Space-Sharing in Computer
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282--288
                      Anonymous   Clarification of FORTRAN standards ---
                                  initial progress . . . . . . . . . . . . 289--294
         ANSI Subcommittee X3J3   Clarification of Fortran Standards ---
                                  Initial Progress . . . . . . . . . . . . 289--294

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 6, June, 1969

              Bernard A. Galler   ACM President's letter: NATO and
                                  software engineering?  . . . . . . . . . 301--301
             Jerrold M. Grochow   Letter to the Editor: ``ACM has a
                                  tremendous story to tell'' . . . . . . . 302--302
                  Eric A. Weiss   Letter to the Editor: response to
                                  Galler, Pinkerton, Arden letter  . . . . 302--302
              George E. Collins   Letter to the Editor: comment on a paper
                                  by Ku and Adler  . . . . . . . . . . . . 302--303
               Currie S. Downie   Letter to the Editor: On obtaining
                                  technical information from the Federal
                                  Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303--303
             Roger M. Firestone   Letter to the Editor: Move ACM 1971
                                  Conference from Chicago? . . . . . . . . 303--303
                     H. Zemanek   Letter to the Editor: on selecting the
                                  sites for IFIP congresses  . . . . . . . 303--304
      Katherine M. Jamerson and   
                 T. M. R. Ellis   Letter to the Editor: restore
                                  professional atmosphere at ACM meetings  304--304
                 Herbert Ohlman   Letter to the Editor: a graduated dues
                                  structure for ACM  . . . . . . . . . . . 304--304
              V. L. Wallace and   
                    D. L. Mason   Degree of multiprogramming in
                                  page-on-demand systems . . . . . . . . . 305--308
                   D. Ophir and   
             B. J. Shepherd and   
                  R. J. Spinrad   Three-dimensional computer display . . . 309--310
            Toshiyuki Sakai and   
                   Makoto Nagao   Simulation of traffic flows in a network 311--318
       Louis T. Parker, Jr. and   
           Thomas M. Gallie and   
   Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. and   
               James K. Ferrell   Introducing computing to smaller
                                  colleges and universities: A progress
                                  report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319--323
             Graeme Fairweather   Algorithm 351: Modified Romberg
                                  Quadrature [D1]  . . . . . . . . . . . . 324--325
                     B. J. Duke   Certification of Algorithm 298 [F1]:
                                  Determination of the Square Root of a
                                  Positive Definite Matrix . . . . . . . . 325--326
               I. D. G. MacLeod   Certification of Algorithm 302 [K2]:
                                  Transpose Vector Stored Array  . . . . . 326--326
             Norman L. Schreyer   Certification of Algorithm 328 [F4]:
                                  Chebyshev Solution to an Overdetermined
                                  Linear System  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326--326
                  N. L. Schryer   Certification of Algorithm 328 [F4]:
                                  ``Chebyshev Solution to an
                                  Overdetermined Linear System (Richard H.
                                  Bartels and Gene H. Golub, Comm. ACM
                                  11(6) 428 (1968))''  . . . . . . . . . . 326--326
                  James L. Blue   Spline function methods for nonlinear
                                  boundary-value problems  . . . . . . . . 327--330
                Roland A. Sweet   A recursive relation for the determinant
                                  of a pentadiagonal matrix  . . . . . . . 330--332
               Melvin A. Breuer   Generation of optimal code for
                                  expressions via factorization  . . . . . 333--340
                 Joyce Friedman   A computer system for transformational
                                  grammar  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341--348
               L. A. Belady and   
               R. A. Nelson and   
                  G. S. Shedler   An Anomaly in Space-Time Characteristics
                                  of Certain Programs Running in a Paging
                                  Machine  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349--353

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 7, July, 1969

              Bernard A. Galler   ACM President's letter: ``What's
                                  yours?'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359--359
                     B. Randell   A note on storage fragmentation and
                                  program segmentation . . . . . . . . . . 365--369
              Joseph Weizenbaum   Recovery of reentrant list structures in
                                  SLIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370--372
                A. N. Habermann   Prevention of System Deadlocks . . . . . 373--377, 385
                A. J. Schneider   Generation of test matrices having
                                  certain sign patterns and prescribed
                                  positive spectra . . . . . . . . . . . . 378--379
                 D. E. Amos and   
                   M. L. Slater   Polynomial and spline approximation by
                                  quadratic programming  . . . . . . . . . 379--381
                 W. J. Hemmerle   Generating pseudorandom numbers on a
                                  two's complement machine such as the IBM
                                  360  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382--383
                      B. L. Fox   Accelerating LP algorithms . . . . . . . 384--385
              Herbert E. Salzer   Errata: ``Chebyshev Interpolation and
                                  Quadrature Formulas of Very High
                                  Degree'' by Herbert E. Salzer, Comm. ACM
                                  \bf 12, 5 (May 1969), 271  . . . . . . . 385--385
               G. Cottafava and   
                     G. Le Moli   Automatic Contour Map  . . . . . . . . . 386--391
                    T. Donnelly   Some techniques for using pseudorandom
                                  numbers in computer simulation . . . . . 392--394
                     R. Y. Kain   Programming Languages: Block structures,
                                  indirect addressing, and garbage
                                  collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395--398
                Donald S. Clemm   Algorithm 352: Characteristic Values and
                                  Associated Solutions of Mathieu's
                                  Differential Equation [S22]  . . . . . . 399--407 (or 399--406??)
                       G. Sauer   Remark on Algorithm 268 [R2]: ALGOL 60
                                  reference language editor  . . . . . . . 407--407
                   J. Boothroyd   Remark on Algorithm 274 [F1]: Generation
                                  of Hilbert derived test matrix . . . . . 407--408
                  D. K. Messham   Remark on Algorithm 333 [H]: Minit
                                  algorithm for linear programming . . . . 408--408
                Michael Kennedy   On obtaining correct input: A new
                                  approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409--411
              William W. Hooker   On the Expected Lengths of Sequences
                                  Generated in Sorting by Replacement
                                  Selecting  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411--413
                Bryna M. Fellen   Letter to the Editor: an implementation
                                  of the Tausworthe generator  . . . . . . 413--413
                  M. D. McIlroy   Letter to the Editor: A scheme for
                                  specifying running titles  . . . . . . . 413--413

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 8, August, 1969

              Bernard A. Galler   ACM President's letter: ``I protest''    421--421
                 Aaron Finerman   Computing capabilities at Argentine and
                                  Chilean universities . . . . . . . . . . 425--431
             Bruce W. Arden and   
          Bernard A. Galler and   
               Robert M. Graham   The MAD definition facility  . . . . . . 432--439
          Jerome A. Feldman and   
                 Paul D. Rovner   An Algol-Based Associative Language  . . 439--449
             Charles Allan Hall   Error bounds for periodic quintic
                                  splines  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450--452
           Stephen M. Chase and   
               Lloyd D. Fosdick   An algorithm for Filon quadrature  . . . 453--457
           Stephen M. Chase and   
               Lloyd D. Fosdick   Algorithm 353: Filon Quadrature [D1] . . 457--458
               M. Ross Quillian   The Teachable Language Comprehender: A
                                  simulation program and theory of
                                  language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459--476
               Hamish Dewar and   
               Paul Bratley and   
             James Peter Thorne   A program for the syntactic analysis of
                                  English sentences  . . . . . . . . . . . 476--479

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 9, September, 1969

              Bernard A. Galler   ACM President's letter: ``Tell it like
                                  it is''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487--487
                  Niklaus Wirth   On Multiprogramming, Machine Coding, and
                                  Computer Organization  . . . . . . . . . 489--498
              Wilfred J. Hansen   Compact List Representation: Definition,
                                  Garbage Collection, and System
                                  Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499--507
          Richard J. Orgass and   
               William M. Waite   A base for a mobile programming system   507--510
             M. Douglas McIlroy   Algorithm 354: Generator of Spanning
                                  Trees [H]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511--511
                   I. M. Leitch   Certification of Algorithm 323 [G6]:
                                  Generation of permutations in
                                  lexicographic order  . . . . . . . . . . 512--512
             P. A. Hamilton and   
                   J. Boothroyd   Remark on Algorithm 251 [E4]: Function
                                  minimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512--513
                      Anonymous   Algorithms Policy, Revised September,
                                  1969 (Includes ALGOL, FORTRAN, and PL/I) 513--513
                 Gary Silverman   Remark on Algorithm 315 [E4, C5]: The
                                  damped Taylor's series method for
                                  minimizing a sum of squares and for
                                  solving systems of nonlinear equations
                                  [H. Späth, Comm. ACM 10 (Nov. 1967), 726] 513--513
                    Keith Paton   An Algorithm for Finding a Fundamental
                                  Set of Cycles of a Graph . . . . . . . . 514--518
                David L. Parnas   On Simulating Networks of Parallel
                                  Processes in Which Simultaneous Events
                                  May Occur  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519--531

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 10, October, 1969

              Walter M. Carlson   Letter from the ACM Vice-President:
                                  ``There is a tide in the affairs of
                                  men\ldots''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 537--537
           Bernadine C. Lanzano   Loader standardization for overlay
                                  programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 541--550
          Herbert B. Baskin and   
           Elsa B. Horowitz and   
         Robert D. Tennison and   
           Larry E. Rittenhouse   A modular computer sharing systems . . . 551--559
                W. S. Brown and   
                  P. L. Richman   The Choice of Base . . . . . . . . . . . 560--561
 J. M. S. Simões Pereira   Algorithm 355: An Algorithm for
                                  Generating Ising Configurations [Z]  . . 562--562
        J. M. S. Simoes Pereira   An algorithm for generating Ising
                                  configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 562
           Richard C. Singleton   Algorithm 356: A Prime Number Generator
                                  Using the Treesort Principle [A1]  . . . 563--563
           Richard C. Singleton   Algorithm 357: An Efficient Prime Number
                                  Generator [A1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563--564
          Peter A. Businger and   
                  Gene H. Golub   Algorithm 358: Singular Value
                                  Decomposition of a Complex Matrix [F1,
                                  4, 5]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564--565
             P. A. Businger and   
                    G. H. Golub   Singular value decomposition of a
                                  complex matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564--565
                Arthur G. Adams   Remark on Algorithm 304 [S15]: Normal
                                  curve integral . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565--566
                  James R. Bell   A new method for determining linear
                                  precedence functions for precedence
                                  grammars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 567--569
         Robert B. K. Dewar and   
       Ronald R. Hochsprung and   
              William S. Worley   The IITRAN Programming language  . . . . 569--575
                 C. A. R. Hoare   An Axiomatic Basis for Computer
                                  Programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 576--580, 583
                John G. Herriot   An ambiguity in the description of ALGOL
                                  60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 581--581
              Charles B. Dunham   Minimax logarithmic error  . . . . . . . 581--582
               Larry E. Stanfel   A Comment on Optimal Tree Structures . . 582--582
                    A. J. Bayes   Retrieval Times for a Packed Direct
                                  Access Inverted File . . . . . . . . . . 582--583

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 11, November, 1969

              Bernard A. Galler   ACM President's letter: J'accuse!  . . . 593--593
               Alan H. Bond and   
            Jerry Rightnour and   
                L. Steven Coles   An interactive graphical display monitor
                                  in a batch-processing environment with
                                  remote entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 595--603
                A. Shoshani and   
                A. J. Bernstein   Synchronization in a Parallel Accessed
                                  Data Base  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 604--607
               Tad B. Pinkerton   Performance monitoring in a time-sharing
                                  system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608--610
         Robert R. Fenichel and   
            Jerome C. Yochelson   A LISP Garbage-Collector for
                                  Virtual-Memory Computer Systems  . . . . 611--612
                 A. J. Korenjak   A practical method for constructing LR
                                  (k) processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 613--623
               R. M. Balzer and   
                   D. J. Farber   APAREL --- A parse-request language  . . 624--631
                 John R. Howell   Algorithm 359: Factorial Analysis of
                                  Variance [G1]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 631--632
                 Robert B. Dial   Algorithm 360: Shortest-path Forest with
                                  Topological Ordering [H] . . . . . . . . 632--633
              Bruce Shriver and   
             P. J. Eberlein and   
                    R. D. Dixon   Algorithm 361: Permanent Function of a
                                  Square Matrix I and II [G6]  . . . . . . 634--634
                   J. M. Robson   Algorithm 362: Generation of Random
                                  Permutations [G6]  . . . . . . . . . . . 634--635
                Walter Gautschi   Algorithm 363: Complex Error Function
                                  [S15]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 635--635
                     S. M. Cobb   Certification of Algorithm 47 [S16]:
                                  Associated Legendre functions of the
                                  first kind for real or imaginary
                                  arguments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 635--636
               Gillian Hall and   
                 Valeria A. Ray   Certification of Algorithm 255 [C6]:
                                  Computation of Fourier coefficients  . . 636--636
                Wayne T. Watson   Certification of Algorithm 296 [E2]:
                                  Generalized least squares fit by
                                  orthogonal polynomials . . . . . . . . . 636--637
               F. K. Tomlin and   
                    L. B. Smith   Remark on Algorithm 178 [E4]: Direct
                                  search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 637--638
                  Lyle B. Smith   Remark on Algorithm 178 [E4]: Direct
                                  search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 638--638
              L. R. Grosenbaugh   More on Fortran random number generators 639--639

Communications of the ACM
Volume 12, Number 12, December, 1969

              Bernard A. Galler   ACM President's letter: And in the
                                  corner \ldots  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 643--643
              Jack L. Rosenfeld   A Case Study in Programming for Parallel
                                  Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 645--655
                       D. Sayre   Is automatic ``folding'' of programs
                                  efficient enough to displace manual? . . 656--660
                       D. Sayre   Is automatic `folding' of programs
                                  efficient enough to displace manual  . . 656--660
              Seymour V. Parter   Numerical Analysis in a Ph.D. Computer
                                  Science Program  . . . . . . . . . . . . 661--663
              Dennie Van Tassel   Advanced Cryptographic Techniques for
                                  Computers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 664--665
           Vincent A. Busam and   
              Donald E. Englund   Optimization of Expressions in Fortran   666--674
                        H. Bach   On the downhill method . . . . . . . . . 675--677
               Daniel J. Lasser   Productivity of multiprogrammed
                                  computers --- progress in developing an
                                  analytic prediction method . . . . . . . 678--684
              Robert G. Herriot   Algorithm 364: Coloring Polygonal
                                  Regions [Z]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 685--686
                        H. Bach   Algorithm 365: Complex Root Finding [C5] 686--687
              P. J. Claringbold   Algorithm 366: Regression Using Certain
                                  Direct Product Matrices [G2] . . . . . . 687--688
              P. J. Claringbold   Algorithm 367: Analysis of Variance for
                                  Balanced Experiments [G2]  . . . . . . . 688--691
               Ronald G. Parson   Certification of Algorithm 147 [S14]:
                                  PSIF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 691--692
                     T. A. Bray   Certification of Algorithm 229 [B1]:
                                  Elementary functions by continued
                                  fractions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 692--692
              K. S. Kölbig   Remark on Algorithm 300 [S22]: Coulomb
                                  wave functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 692--692
                    L. G. Proll   Remark on Algorithm 341 [H]: Solution of
                                  linear programs in $0$-$1$ variables by
                                  implicit enumeration . . . . . . . . . . 692--692
                      Anonymous   Index by Subject to Algorithms, 1969 . . 693--693
             Richard J. Fateman   Programming Techniques: Optimal Code for
                                  Serial and Parallel Computation  . . . . 694--695
            Dominic S. Seraphin   Numerical Analysis: A fast random number
                                  generator for IBM 360  . . . . . . . . . 695--695
                      Anonymous   Proposed American National Standard:
                                  Presentation of Alphanumeric Characters
                                  for Information Processing . . . . . . . 696--698
                      Anonymous   Standards Institute Changes Name . . . . 696--698


Communications of the ACM
Volume 13, Number 1, January, 1970

            Walter Gautschi and   
                 Bruce J. Klein   Remark on Algorithm 282, Derivatives of
                                  $ e^x / x $, $ \cos (x) / x $, and $
                                  \sin (x) / x $ . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--54

Communications of the ACM
Volume 13, Number 12, December, 1970

                   K. A. Redish   Remark on Algorithm 385, Exponential
                                  Integral $ {\rm Ei}(x) $ . . . . . . . . 750--750


Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society
Volume 19, Number 3, June, 1968

                David W. Matula   The Base Conversion Theorem  . . . . . . 716--723


Communications of the ACM
Volume 13, Number 1, January, 1970

                 R. Griffin and   
                   K. A. Redich   Remark on ``Algorithm 347: An Efficient
                                  Algorithm for Sorting with Minimal
                                  Storage [M1], by R. C. Singleton'' . . . 54--54

Communications of the ACM
Volume 13, Number 4, April, 1970

                       N. Wirth   Corrigenda: ``On Multiprogramming,
                                  Machine Coding, and Computer
                                  Organization'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266--266

Communications of the ACM
Volume 13, Number 6, June, 1970

                   R. L. London   Certification of ``Algorithm 245:
                                  Treesort 3 [M1]'': Proof of Algorithms
                                  --- A New Kind of Certification  . . . . 371--374

Communications of the ACM
Volume 13, Number 7, July, 1970

                 K. A. Paciorek   Algorithm 385: Exponential Integral $
                                  {\rm Ei}(x) $  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446--447

Communications of the ACM
Volume 13, Number 9, September, 1970

            Robert R. Smith and   
                  Dennis McCall   Algorithm 392: Systems of Hyperbolic
                                  P.D.E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 567--570

Communications of the ACM
Volume 13, Number 10, October, 1970

                        R. Peto   Remark on ``Algorithm 347: An Efficient
                                  Algorithm for Sorting with Minimal
                                  Storage [M1]'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . 624


Communications of the ACM
Volume 14, Number 1, 1971

              Å. Kolm and   
                  T. Dahlstrand   Remark on ``Algorithm 333: Minit
                                  Algorithm For Linear Programming ([H])'' 50--50

Communications of the ACM
Volume 14, Number 7, 1971

            William J. Raduchel   Remark on ``Algorithm 316: Solution of
                                  Simultaneous Nonlinear Equations [C5]''  493

Communications of the ACM
Volume 14, Number 10, October, 1971

         ANSI Subcommittee X3J3   Clarification of Fortran Standards ---
                                  Second Report  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 628--642


Communications of the ACM
Volume 15, Number 2, February, 1972

                Hugh Williamson   Algorithm 420: Hidden-Line Plotting
                                  Program [J6] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100--103

Communications of the ACM
Volume 15, Number 6, June, 1972

              K. S. Kölbig   Certification of ``Algorithm 363:
                                  Complex error function'' . . . . . . . . 465--466
               Herbert Niessner   Remark on ``Algorithm 343: Eigenvalues
                                  and Eigenvectors of a Real General
                                  Matrix'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466--466

Communications of the ACM
Volume 15, Number 12, 1972

              Walter L. Sullins   Certification of ``Algorithm 266:
                                  Pseudo-Random Numbers [G5]'' . . . . . . 1072--1073
                Ernst Schuegraf   Remark on ``Algorithm 176: Least Squares
                                  Surface Fit''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1073
              Michael J. Frisch   Remark on ``Algorithms 352, 385, 392:
                                  Remarks on Characteristic Values and
                                  Associated Solutions of Mathieu's
                                  Differential Equation, Exponential
                                  Integral, and Systems of Hyperbolic
                                  P.D.E.'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1074
                Ernst Schuegraf   Remark on ``Algorithm 195: BANDSOLVE''   1074


Communications of the ACM
Volume 16, Number 5, May, 1973

                         H. Vos   Remark on ``Algorithm 300: Coulomb Wave
                                  Functions''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308--309
                       G. Bayer   Remark on ``Algorithm 324: Maxflow'' . . 309
                B. Holmgren and   
             D. Obradovi\'c and   
                  Å. Kolm   Remark on ``Algorithm 333: Minit
                                  Algorithm for Linear Programming'' . . . 310--310
                 D. Obradovi\'c   Remark on ``Algorithm 333: Minit
                                  Algorithm for Linear Programming'' . . . 310--310

Communications of the ACM
Volume 16, Number 7, July, 1973

           I. D. G. Macleod and   
                  A. M. Collins   Remark on ``Algorithm 420: Hidden-Line
                                  Plotting Program'' . . . . . . . . . . . 448--448

Communications of the ACM
Volume 16, Number 8, August, 1973

              Marek Machura and   
                 Andrzej Mulawa   Algorithm 450: Rosenbrock Function
                                  Minimization [E4]  . . . . . . . . . . . 482--483
           Richard M. De Morgan   Remark on ``Algorithm 357: An Efficient
                                  Prime Number Generator [A1]''  . . . . . 489--489

Communications of the ACM
Volume 16, Number 9, September, 1973

                Mohit Kumar Roy   Remark on ``Algorithm 323: Generation of
                                  Permutations in Lexicographic Order
                                  [G6]'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577--578
                Hugh Williamson   Remark on ``Algorithm 420: Hidden-Line
                                  Plotting Program'' . . . . . . . . . . . 578--579


Communications of the ACM
Volume 17, Number 3, March, 1974

            Nancy E. Bosten and   
                 E. L. Battiste   Remark on ``Algorithm 179: Incomplete
                                  Beta Ratio'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156--157

Communications of the ACM
Volume 17, Number 6, June, 1974

                 T. M. R. Ellis   Remark on ``Algorithm 420: Hidden-Line
                                  Plotting Program'' . . . . . . . . . . . 324--325
                 Blaine Gaither   Remark on ``Algorithm 420: Hidden-Line
                                  Plotting Program'' . . . . . . . . . . . 324

Communications of the ACM
Volume 17, Number 8, 1974

               Adhemar Bultheel   Remark on ``Algorithm 450: Rosenbrock
                                  Function Minimization''  . . . . . . . . 470

Communications of the ACM
Volume 17, Number 10, October, 1974

                 Henk Koppelaar   Certification and Remark on ``Algorithm
                                  191: Hypergeometric''  . . . . . . . . . 589--590
                Jiri Klemes and   
                Jaroslav Klemsa   Remark on ``Algorithm 450: Rosenbrock
                                  Function Minimization''  . . . . . . . . 590--591

Communications of the ACM
Volume 17, Number 12, 1974

                 T. M. R. Ellis   Remark on ``Algorithm 420: Hidden-Line
                                  Plotting Program'' . . . . . . . . . . . 706


Communications of the ACM
Volume 18, Number 2, 1975

                  Ove Skovgaard   Remark on ``Algorithm 332: Jacobi
                                  Polynomials''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116--117


Computer Physics Communications
Volume 103, Number 2--3, July, 1997

           Iosif G. Dyadkin and   
            Kenneth G. Hamilton   A study of $ 64 $-bit multipliers for
                                  Lehmer pseudorandom number generators    103--130


Computer Physics Communications
Volume 107, Number 1--3, December 22, 1997

           Iosif G. Dyadkin and   
            Kenneth G. Hamilton   A family of enhanced Lehmer random
                                  number generators, with hyperplane
                                  suppression, and direct support for
                                  certain physical applications  . . . . . 258--280


Computer Physics Communications
Volume 125, Number 1--3, March, 2000

           Iosif G. Dyadkin and   
            Kenneth G. Hamilton   A study of 128-bit multipliers for
                                  congruential pseudorandom number
                                  generators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239--258


Computing Surveys
Volume 6, Number 4, December, 1974

                Donald E. Knuth   Structured Programming with go to
                                  Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261--301


Journal of the ACM
Volume 4, Number 4, October, 1957

               Paolo Ercoli and   
                  Roberto Vacca   Errors Due to Overflow in Arithmetic
                                  Operations Particularly as Regards FINAC
                                  Electronic Computer  . . . . . . . . . . 450--455


Journal of the ACM
Volume 14, Number 1, January, 1967

              R. R. Coveyou and   
               R. D. MacPherson   Fourier Analysis of Uniform Random
                                  Number Generators  . . . . . . . . . . . 100--119


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume 61, Number 1, September 15, 1968

               George Marsaglia   Random numbers fall mainly in the planes 25--28


ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 1, Number 3, September, 1975

                  Ove Skovgaard   Remark on ``Algorithm 236: Bessel
                                  Functions of the First Kind [S17]''  . . 282--284
                  Jayadev Misra   Remark on ``Algorithm 246: Graycode
                                  [Z]''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285--285

ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 1, Number 4, December, 1975

               John Gregg Lewis   Certification of ``Algorithm 349:
                                  Polygamma Functions with Arbitrary
                                  Precision''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380--382


ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 2, Number 2, June, 1976

            Malcolm C. Pike and   
                  Jennie SooHoo   Remark on ``Algorithm 179: Incomplete
                                  Beta Ratio [S14]'' . . . . . . . . . . . 207--208

ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 2, Number 3, September, 1976

                 Alan M. Davies   Remark on ``Algorithm 450: Rosenbrock
                                  Function Minimization [E4]'' . . . . . . 300--301

ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 2, Number 4, December, 1976

                      M. R. Ito   Remark on ``Algorithm 284: Interchange
                                  of Two Blocks of Data [K2]'' . . . . . . 392--393
                Mohamed el Lozy   Remark on ``Algorithm 299: Chi-Squared
                                  Integral [S15]'' . . . . . . . . . . . . 393--395


ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 3, Number 2, June, 1977

                J. K. M. Jansen   Remark on ``Algorithm 259: Legendre
                                  Functions for Arguments Larger than
                                  One''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204--250

ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 3, Number 3, September, 1977

                  Dennis Tenney   Remark on ``Algorithm 219: Topological
                                  Ordering for PERT Networks'' . . . . . . 303--303


ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 4, Number 1, March, 1978

                  Ove Skovgaard   Remark on ``Algorithm 149: Complete
                                  Elliptic Integral [S21]''  . . . . . . . 95--95

ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 4, Number 3, September, 1978

                John P. Coleman   Remark on ``Algorithm 49: Spherical
                                  Neumann Function'' . . . . . . . . . . . 295--295


ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 8, Number 1, March, 1982

                Allen E. Tracht   Remark on ``Algorithm 334: Normal Random
                                  Deviates'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--89


ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 11, Number 2, June, 1985

                  Milan Novotny   Remark on ``Algorithm 30: Numerical
                                  Solution of the Polynomial Equation''    183--184
                 I. D. Hill and   
                     M. C. Pike   Remark on ``Algorithm 299: Chi-Squared
                                  Integral'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185--185

ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 11, Number 4, December, 1985

                       M. C. Er   Remark on ``Algorithm 246: Graycode
                                  [Z]''  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441--443


ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Volume 14, Number 3, September, 1988

              R. S. Cormack and   
                     I. D. Hill   Remark on ``Algorithm 346: $F$-Test
                                  Probabilities''  . . . . . . . . . . . . 288--289