Table of contents for issues of Computer

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Volume 23, Number 1, January, 1990
Volume 23, Number 2, February, 1990
Volume 23, Number 3, March, 1990
Volume 23, Number 4, April, 1990
Volume 23, Number 5, May, 1990
Volume 23, Number 6, June, 1990
Volume 23, Number 7, July, 1990
Volume 23, Number 8, August, 1990
Volume 23, Number 9, September, 1990
Volume 23, Number 10, October, 1990
Volume 23, Number 11, November, 1990
Volume 23, Number 12, December, 1990
Volume 24, Number 1, January, 1991
Volume 24, Number 2, February, 1991
Volume 24, Number 3, March, 1991
Volume 24, Number 4, April, 1991
Volume 24, Number 5, May, 1991
Volume 24, Number 6, June, 1991
Volume 24, Number 7, July, 1991
Volume 24, Number 8, August, 1991
Volume 24, Number 9, September, 1991
Volume 24, Number 10, October, 1991
Volume 24, Number 11, November, 1991
Volume 24, Number 12, December, 1991
Volume 25, Number 1, January, 1992
Volume 25, Number 2, February, 1992
Volume 25, Number 3, March, 1992
Volume 25, Number 4, April, 1992
Volume 25, Number 5, May, 1992
Volume 25, Number 6, June, 1992
Volume 25, Number 7, July, 1992
Volume 25, Number 8, August, 1992
Volume 25, Number 9, September, 1992
Volume 25, Number 10, October, 1992
Volume 25, Number 11, November, 1992
Volume 25, Number 12, December, 1992
Volume 26, Number 1, January, 1993
Volume 26, Number 2, February, 1993
Volume 26, Number 3, March, 1993
Volume 26, Number 4, April, 1993
Volume 26, Number 5, May, 1993
Volume 26, Number 6, June, 1993
Volume 26, Number 7, July, 1993
Volume 26, Number 8, August, 1993
Volume 26, Number 9, September, 1993
Volume 26, Number 10, October, 1993
Volume 26, Number 11, November, 1993
Volume 26, Number 12, December, 1993
Volume 27, Number 1, January, 1994
Volume 27, Number 2, February, 1994
Volume 27, Number 3, March, 1994
Volume 27, Number 4, April, 1994
Volume 27, Number 5, May, 1994
Volume 27, Number 6, June, 1994
Volume 27, Number 7, July, 1994
Volume 27, Number 8, August, 1994
Volume 27, Number 9, September, 1994
Volume 27, Number 10, October, 1994
Volume 27, Number 11, November, 1994
Volume 27, Number 12, December, 1994
Volume 28, Number 1, January, 1995
Volume 28, Number 2, February, 1995
Volume 28, Number 3, March, 1995
Volume 28, Number 4, April, 1995
Volume 28, Number 5, May, 1995
Volume 28, Number 6, June, 1995
Volume 28, Number 7, July, 1995
Volume 28, Number 8, August, 1995
Volume 28, Number 9, September, 1995
Volume 28, Number 10, October, 1995
Volume 28, Number 11, November, 1995
Volume 28, Number 12, December, 1995
Volume 29, Number 1, January, 1996
Volume 29, Number 2, February, 1996
Volume 29, Number 3, March, 1996
Volume 29, Number 4, April, 1996
Volume 29, Number 5, May, 1996
Volume 29, Number 6, June, 1996
Volume 29, Number 7, July, 1996
Volume 29, Number 8, August, 1996
Volume 29, Number 9, September, 1996
Volume 29, Number 10, October, 1996
Volume 29, Number 11, November, 1996
Volume 29, Number 12, December, 1996
Volume 30, Number 1, January, 1997
Volume 30, Number 2, February, 1997
Volume 30, Number 3, March, 1997
Volume 30, Number 4, April, 1997
Volume 30, Number 5, May, 1997
Volume 30, Number 6, June, 1997
Volume 30, Number 7, July, 1997
Volume 30, Number 8, August, 1997
Volume 30, Number 9, September, 1997
Volume 30, Number 10, October, 1997
Volume 30, Number 11, November, 1997
Volume 30, Number 12, December, 1997
Volume 31, Number 1, January, 1998
Volume 31, Number 2, February, 1998
Volume 31, Number 3, March, 1998
Volume 31, Number 4, April, 1998
Volume 31, Number 5, May, 1998
Volume 31, Number 6, June, 1998
Volume 31, Number 7, July, 1998
Volume 31, Number 8, August, 1998
Volume 31, Number 9, September, 1998
Volume 31, Number 10, October, 1998
Volume 31, Number 11, November, 1998
Volume 31, Number 12, December, 1998
Volume 32, Number 1, January, 1999
Volume 32, Number 2, February, 1999
Volume 32, Number 3, March, 1999
Volume 32, Number 4, April, 1999
Volume 32, Number 5, May, 1999
Volume 32, Number 6, June, 1999
Volume 32, Number 7, July, 1999
Volume 32, Number 8, August, 1999
Volume 32, Number 9, September, 1999
Volume 32, Number 10, October, 1999
Volume 32, Number 11, November, 1999
Volume 32, Number 12, December, 1999
Volume 33, Number 2, February, 2000


Computer
Volume 23, Number 1, January, 1990

                    John McLean   The Specification and Modeling of
                                  Computer Security  . . . . . . . . . . . 9--16
             David Lorge Parnas   Education for Computing Professionals    17--22
           Martha E. Crosby and   
                  Jan Stelovsky   How Do We Read Algorithms? A Case Study  25--35
              Tassos Markas and   
                Mark Royals and   
                Nick Kanopoulos   On Distributed Fault Simulation  . . . . 40--52
               Mengly Chean and   
              Jose A. B. Fortes   A Taxonomy of Reconfiguration Techniques
                                  for Fault-Tolerant Processor Arrays  . . 55--69
                  F. J. Buckley   Standards: a standard environment for
                                  software production  . . . . . . . . . . 75--77

Computer
Volume 23, Number 2, February, 1990

                   Ralph Duncan   A Survey of Parallel Computer
                                  Architectures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--16
               Simon Y. Foo and   
             Yoshiyasu Takefuji   Databases and Cell-Selection Algorithms
                                  for VLSI Cell Libraries  . . . . . . . . 18--30
             Richard F. Walters   Design of a Bitmapped Multilingual
                                  Workstation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33--41
                       W. Leler   Linda Meets Unix . . . . . . . . . . . . 43--54
               Luping Liang and   
          Samuel T. Chanson and   
              Gerald W. Neufeld   Process Groups and Group Communications:
                                  Classifications and Requirements . . . . 56--66
                      Anonymous   Applications environment profiles: A
                                  significant tool for simplifying and
                                  coordinating standards efforts . . . . . 69
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Computer
Volume 23, Number 3, March, 1990

         Jeffrey J. P. Tsai and   
              Kwang-Ya Fang and   
                Horng-Yuan Chen   A Noninvasive Architecture to Monitor
                                  Real-Time Distributed Systems  . . . . . 11--23
              Bogdan Czejdo and   
              Ramez Elmasri and   
         Marek Rusinkiewicz and   
                David W. Embley   A Graphical Data Manipulation Language
                                  for an Extended Entity-Relationship
                                  Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26--36
                K. S. Leung and   
                     M. H. Wong   An Expert-System Shell Using Structured
                                  Knowledge: An Object-Oriented Approach   38--47
       Anthony I. Wasserman and   
           Peter A. Pircher and   
               Robert J. Muller   The Object-Oriented Structured Design
                                  Notation for Software Design
                                  Representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--63
               Subrata Dasgupta   A Hierarchical Taxonomic System for
                                  Computer Architectures . . . . . . . . . 64--74
           Michael C. McFarland   Standards: Urgency of ethical standards
                                  intensifies in computer community  . . . 77--81
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

Computer
Volume 23, Number 4, April, 1990

        Randall D. Rettberg and   
        William R. Crowther and   
           Philip P. Carvey and   
           Raymond S. Tomlinson   The Monarch Parallel Processor Hardware
                                  Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--28, 30
            Jaime H. Moreno and   
                     Tomas Lang   Matrix Computations on Systolic-Type
                                  Meshes: An Introduction to the Multimesh
                                  Graph Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--51
                    Lui Sha and   
             John B. Goodenough   Real-Time Scheduling Theory and Ada  . . 53--62
                 Alan Jay Smith   The Task of the Referee  . . . . . . . . 65--71
              Theo Pavlidis and   
              Jerome Swartz and   
                 Ynjiun P. Wang   Fundamentals of Bar Code Information
                                  Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--86
                      Anonymous   A standard for extremely low frequency
                                  magnetic fields; Standards for public
                                  key encryption algorithms to be
                                  discussed  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Computer
Volume 23, Number 5, May, 1990

              Joseph Boykin and   
               Susan J. LoVerso   Guest Editors' Introduction: Recent
                                  Developments in Operating Systems  . . . 5--8
         Mahadev Satyanarayanan   Scalable, Secure, and Highly Available
                                  Distributed File Access  . . . . . . . . 9--18, 20--21
          Larry L. Peterson and   
       Norman C. Hutchinson and   
           Sean W. O'Malley and   
                  Herman C. Rao   The X-kernel: A Platform for Accessing
                                  Internet Resources . . . . . . . . . . . 23--33
                 David L. Black   Scheduling Support for Concurrency and
                                  Parallelism in the Mach Operating System 35--43
          Sape J. Mullender and   
           Guido van Rossum and   
        Andrew S. Tanenbaum and   
        Robbert van Renesse and   
              Hans van Staveren   Amoeba: A Distributed Operating System
                                  for the 1990s  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--53
              Michael Stumm and   
                  Songnian Zhou   Algorithms Implementing Distributed
                                  Shared Memory  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54--64
          Dror G. Feitelson and   
                  Larry Rudolph   Distributed Hierarchical Control for
                                  Parallel Processing  . . . . . . . . . . 65--77
                      Anonymous   How not to write commercial standards    79
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

Computer
Volume 23, Number 6, June, 1990

                  E. Newman and   
                M. C. McFarland   Comments, with reply, on `Urgency of
                                  ethical standards intensifies in
                                  computer community' (Standards)  . . . . 6
                 U. Schmidt and   
                    S. Dasgupta   Comments, with reply on `A hierarchical
                                  taxonomic system for computer
                                  architectures' . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
              Michel Dubois and   
              Shreekant Thakkar   Guest Editors' Introduction: Cache
                                  Architectures in Tightly Coupled
                                  Multiprocessors  . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--11
                  Per Stenstrom   A Survey of Cache Coherence Schemes for
                                  Multiprocessors  . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--24
             Patricia J. Teller   Translation-Lookaside Buffer Consistency 26--36
              Hoichi Cheong and   
        Alexander V. Veidenbaum   Compiler-Directed Cache Management in
                                  Multiprocessors  . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--47
              David Chaiken and   
               Craig Fields and   
           Kiyoshi Kurihara and   
                  Anant Agarwal   Directory-Based Cache Coherence in
                                  Large-Scale Multiprocessors  . . . . . . 49--58
               Gary Graunke and   
              Shreekant Thakkar   Synchronization Algorithms for
                                  Shared-Memory Multiprocessors  . . . . . 60--69
          Shreekant Thakkar and   
              Michel Dubois and   
        Anthony T. Laundrie and   
               Gurindar S. Sohi   Scalable Shared-Memory Multiprocessor
                                  Architectures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--74
             David V. James and   
        Anthony T. Laundrie and   
             Stein Gjessing and   
               Gurindar S. Sohi   Distributed-directory scheme: Scalable
                                  coherent interface . . . . . . . . . . . 74--77
                Manu Thapar and   
                   Bruce Delagi   Distributed-directory scheme: Stanford
                                  distributed-directory protocol . . . . . 78--80
            Michael Carlton and   
                  Alvin Despain   Multiple-bus shared-memory system:
                                  Aquarius project . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--83
                  F. J. Buckley   Standards: Establishing a standard
                                  metrics program  . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--86

Computer
Volume 23, Number 7, July, 1990

                        R. Ford   Comments, with reply, on ``A noninvasive
                                  architecture to monitor real-time
                                  distributed systems'', by J. Tsai et al. 12--13
                 D. Chaiken and   
                  C. Fields and   
                K. Kurihara and   
                     A. Agarwal   Correction to `Directory-based cache
                                  coherence in large-scale multiprocessor' 13--13
              Adit D. Singh and   
           Singaravel Murugesan   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Fault-Tolerant Systems . . . . . . . . . 15--17
               Victor P. Nelson   Fault-Tolerant Computing: Fundamental
                                  Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--25
            Daniel P. Siewiorek   Fault Tolerance in Commercial Computers  26--37
         Jean-Claude Laprie and   
                 Jean Arlat and   
          Christian Beounes and   
                  Karama Kanoun   Definition and Analysis of Hardware- and
                                  Software-Fault-Tolerant Architectures    39--51
               Robert Geist and   
              Kishor S. Trivedi   Reliability Estimation of Fault-Tolerant
                                  Systems: Tools and Techniques  . . . . . 52--61
              Eiji Fujiwara and   
              Dhiraj K. Pradhan   Error-Control Coding in Computers  . . . 63--72
               Israel Koren and   
                  Adit D. Singh   Fault Tolerance in VLSI Circuits . . . . 73--83
                E. J. McCluskey   Design Techniques for Testable Embedded
                                  Error Checkers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84--88
                       J. Isaak   Standards: the history of Posix: a study
                                  in the standards process . . . . . . . . 89--92

Computer
Volume 23, Number 8, August, 1990

                    Ragui Kamel   Guest Editor's Introduction: Voice in
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
            Carl R. Strathmeyer   Voice in Computing: An Overview of
                                  Available Technologies . . . . . . . . . 10--15
            Michael H. O'Malley   Text-to-Speech Conversion Technology . . 17--23
        Richard D. Peacocke and   
                  Daryl H. Graf   An Introduction to Speech and Speaker
                                  Recognition  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26--33
                 Matthew Lennig   Putting Speech Recognition to Work in
                                  the Telephone Network  . . . . . . . . . 35--41
                 Ryohei Nakatsu   Anser: An Application of Speech
                                  Technology to the Japanese Banking
                                  Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43--48
             Chris Schmandt and   
           Mark S. Ackerman and   
                   Debby Hindus   Augmenting a Window System with Speech
                                  Input  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--56
          Mark W. Salisbury and   
      Joseph H. Hendrickson and   
         Terence L. Lammers and   
                Caroline Fu and   
                 Scott A. Moody   Talk and Draw: Bundling Speech and
                                  Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--65
           Lester F. Ludwig and   
           Natalio Pincever and   
                  Michael Cohen   Extending the Notion of a Window System
                                  to Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--72
                Ragui Kamel and   
               Kamyar Emami and   
                  Robert Eckert   PX: Supporting Voice in Workstations . . 73--80
                      Anonymous   IEEE Project 802 standards efforts . . . 84
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

Computer
Volume 23, Number 9, September, 1990

               Jeanette M. Wing   A Specifier's Introduction to Formal
                                  Methods  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 10--22, 24
                 John T. Stasko   Tango: A Framework and System for
                                  Algorithm Animation  . . . . . . . . . . 27--39
         George A. Champine and   
        Daniel E. Geer, Jr. and   
                 William N. Ruh   Project Athena as a Distributed Computer
                                  System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--51
              Chaim Ziegler and   
                   Gerald Weiss   Multimedia Conferencing on Local Area
                                  Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52--61
                  Alan Mink and   
        Robert J. Carpenter and   
            George G. Nacht and   
                John W. Roberts   Multiprocessor Performance-Measurement
                                  Instrumentation  . . . . . . . . . . . . 63--75
                      Anonymous   Gigabit Network Testbeds . . . . . . . . 77--80
                      Anonymous   Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

Computer
Volume 23, Number 10, October, 1990

               Chita R. Das and   
         Jeffrey T. Kreulen and   
 Matthew J. Thazhuthaveetil and   
                Laxmi N. Bhuyan   Dependability Modeling for
                                  Multiprocessors  . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--19
             Massimo Ancona and   
           Gabriella Dodero and   
          Vittoria Gianuzzi and   
            Andrea Clematis and   
           Eduardo B. Fernandez   A System Architecture for Fault
                                  Tolerance in Concurrent Software . . . . 23--32
    Parameswaran Ramanathan and   
               Kang G. Shin and   
                Ricky W. Butler   Fault-Tolerant Clock Synchronization in
                                  Distributed Systems  . . . . . . . . . . 33--42
             Manoj Franklin and   
                Kewal K. Saluja   Built-in Self-Testing of Random-Access
                                  Memories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--56
                     Udi Manber   Chain Reactions in Networks  . . . . . . 57--63
                David Gries and   
                  Dorothy Marsh   The 1988--89 Taulbee Survey Report . . . 65--71
                      Anonymous   User interface management systems and
                                  application portability  . . . . . . . . 73
           T. L. (Frank) Pappas   \POSTSCRIPT output on a LaserJet printer 82--88

Computer
Volume 23, Number 11, November, 1990

                  Ophir Frieder   Multiprocessor Algorithms for
                                  Relational-Database Operators on
                                  Hypercube Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . 13--28
            Marvin V. Zelkowitz   A Functional Correctness Model of
                                  Program Verification . . . . . . . . . . 30--39
            John J. Darragh and   
              Ian H. Witten and   
                  Mark L. James   The Reactive Keyboard: A Predictive
                                  Typing Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--49
             Yehudah Freundlich   Knowledge Bases and Databases:
                                  Converging Technologies, Diverging
                                  Interests  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--57
                James D. Mooney   Strategies for Supporting Application
                                  Portability  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--70
              Brad A. Myers and   
             Dario A. Giuse and   
        Roger B. Dannenberg and   
         Brad Vander Zanden and   
            David S. Kosbie and   
              Edward Pervin and   
             Andrew Mickish and   
               Philippe Marchal   Garnet: Comprehensive Support for
                                  Graphical, Highly Interactive User
                                  Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--85
                      Anonymous   An American's view of the Japanese
                                  standards system . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Computer
Volume 23, Number 12, December, 1990

          Cherri M. Pancake and   
                 Donna Bergmark   Do Parallel Languages Respond to the
                                  Needs of Scientific Programmers? . . . . 13--23
              Andrew Berlin and   
                   Daniel Weise   Compiling Scientific Code Using Partial
                                  Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--37
            David B. Skillicorn   Architecture-Independent Parallel
                                  Computation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38--50
               Harold W. Lawson   Philosophies for Engineering
                                  Computer-Based Systems . . . . . . . . . 52--63
            Reinhold P. Weicker   An Overview of Common Benchmarks . . . . 65--75
                  Alasdair Kemp   Standards: Information technology
                                  standardization is key area of interest
                                  to IEE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--78


Computer
Volume 24, Number 1, January, 1991

                   Yale N. Patt   Guest Editor's Introduction:
                                  Experimental Research in Computer
                                  Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
               Daniel Pease and   
               Arif Ghafoor and   
               Ishfaq Ahmad and   
           David L. Andrews and   
           Kamal Foudil-Bey and   
        Thomas E. Karpinski and   
          Mohammad A. Mikki and   
               Mohamed Zerrouki   PAWS: A Performance Evaluation Tool for
                                  Parallel Computing Systems . . . . . . . 18--29
           Craig B. Stunkel and   
               Bob Janssens and   
                  W. Kent Fuchs   Address Tracing for Parallel Machines    31--38
     William Mangione-Smith and   
         Santosh G. Abraham and   
             Edward S. Davidson   A performance comparison of the IBM
                                  RS/6000 and the Astronautics ZS-1  . . . 39--46
            Thomas M. Conte and   
                 Wen-mei W. Hwu   Benchmark Characterization . . . . . . . 48--56
            Trevor N. Mudge and   
           Richard B. Brown and   
      William P. Birmingham and   
         Jeffrey A. Dykstra and   
            Ayman I. Kayssi and   
            Ronald J. Lomax and   
       Oyekunle A. Olukotun and   
          Karem A. Sakallah and   
              Raymond A. Milano   The Design of a Microsupercomputer . . . 57--64
         Matthew K. Farrens and   
             Andrew R. Pleszkun   Implementation of the PIPE Processor . . 65--70
         Zvonko G. Vranesic and   
              Michael Stumm and   
             David M. Lewis and   
                      Ron White   Hector: A Hierarchically Structured
                                  Shared-Memory Multiprocessor . . . . . . 72--79
               Maya Gokhale and   
             William Holmes and   
              Andrew Kopser and   
                 Sara Lucas and   
             Ronald Minnich and   
             Douglas Sweely and   
                Daniel Lopresti   Building and Using a Highly Parallel
                                  Programmable Logic Array . . . . . . . . 81--89
                      Anonymous   Do standards cause software productivity
                                  problems?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Computer
Volume 24, Number 2, February, 1991

              Kencheng Zeng and   
           Chung-Huang Yang and   
                Dah-Yea Wei and   
                   T. R. N. Rao   Pseudorandom Bit Generators in
                                  Stream-Cipher Cryptography . . . . . . . 8--17
                William Mettrey   A Comparative Evaluation of Expert
                                  System Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--31
          David R. Cheriton and   
          Hendrik A. Goosen and   
               Patrick D. Boyle   Paradigm: A Highly Scalable
                                  Shared-Memory Multicomputer Architecture 33--46
            Biswanath Mukherjee   Integrated Voice-Data Communication over
                                  High-Speed Fiber Optic Networks  . . . . 49--58
         Gianluigi Caldiera and   
               Victor R. Basili   Identifying and Qualifying Reusable
                                  Software Components  . . . . . . . . . . 61--71
           Michael C. McFarland   Standards: Ethics and the safety of
                                  computer systems . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--75

Computer
Volume 24, Number 3, March, 1991

        Timothy J. Kriewall and   
                   John M. Long   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Computer-Based Medical Systems . . . . . 9--13
             Glenn A. Myers and   
           Keith R. Sherman and   
                 Lawrence Stark   Eye Monitor: Microcomputer-Based
                                  Instrument Uses an Internal Model to
                                  Track the Eye  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--21
         Kenneth W. Fernald and   
               Todd A. Cook and   
      Thomas K. Miller, III and   
                 John J. Paulos   A Microprocessor-Based Implantable
                                  Telemetry System . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--30
         Elias S. Manolakos and   
         Haris M. Stellakis and   
                 Dana H. Brooks   Parallel Processing for Biomedical
                                  Signal Processing: Higher Order Spectral
                                  Analysis --- An Application  . . . . . . 33--43
                Don Krieger and   
                Gerald Burk and   
            Robert J. Sclabassi   Neuronet: A Distributed Real-Time System
                                  for Monitoring Neurophysiologic Function
                                  in the Medical Environment . . . . . . . 45--55
          Krzysztof J. Cios and   
                  Inho Shin and   
              Lucy S. Goodenday   Using Fuzzy Sets to Diagnose Coronary
                                  Artery Stenosis  . . . . . . . . . . . . 57--63
              Riccardo Poli and   
            Stefano Cagnoni and   
              Riccardo Livi and   
           Giuseppe Coppini and   
                    Guido Valli   A Neural Network Expert System for
                                  Diagnosing and Treating Hypertension . . 64--71
                      Anonymous   Internationalizing software engineering
                                  standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

Computer
Volume 24, Number 4, April, 1991

            Robert F. Krick and   
               Apostolos Dollas   The Evolution of Instruction Sequencing  5--15
             Mongi A. Abidi and   
           Richard O. Eason and   
             Rafael C. Gonzalez   Autonomous Robotic Inspection and
                                  Manipulation Using Multisensor Feedback  17--31
              Elisa Bertino and   
                Lorenzo Martino   Object-Oriented Database Management
                                  Systems: Concepts and Issues . . . . . . 33--47
          Andrew L. Reibman and   
          Malathi Veeraraghavan   Reliability Modeling: An Overview for
                                  System Designers . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--57
                Jonathan Grudin   Interactive Systems: Bridging the Gaps
                                  Between Developers and Users . . . . . . 59--69
                      Anonymous   Preparing for EC 1992 in the US through
                                  quality system registration  . . . . . . 70

Computer
Volume 24, Number 5, May, 1991

              C. M. Krishna and   
                      Y. H. Lee   Guest Editors' Introduction: Real-Time
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--11
         Jaynarayan H. Lala and   
          Richard E. Harper and   
                 Linda S. Alger   A Design Approach for Ultrareliable
                                  Real-Time Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . 12--22
                   Kang G. Shin   HARTS: A Distributed Real-Time
                                  Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--35
          Jogesh K. Muppala and   
           Steven P. Woolet and   
              Kishor S. Trivedi   Real-Time-Systems Performance in the
                                  Presence of Failures . . . . . . . . . . 37--47
             Chang Yun Park and   
                   Alan C. Shaw   Experiments with a Program Timing Tool
                                  Based on Source-Level Timing Schema  . . 48--57
             Jane W. S. Liu and   
               Kwei-Jay Lin and   
              Wei-Kuan Shih and   
       Albert Chuang-shi Yu and   
              Jen-Yao Chung and   
                       Wei Zhao   Algorithms for Scheduling Imprecise
                                  Computations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58--68
             Kevin B. Kenny and   
                   Kwei-Jay Lin   Building Flexible Real-Time Systems
                                  Using the Flex Language  . . . . . . . . 70--78
                      Anonymous   Point/Counterpoint: Questions on ethical
                                  standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

Computer
Volume 24, Number 6, June, 1991

              Kenneth P. Brooks   Lilac: A Two-View Document Editor  . . . 7--19
          Erik DeBenedictis and   
                Sumit Ghosh and   
                    Meng-Lin Yu   A Novel Algorithm for Discrete-Event
                                  Simulation: Asynchronous Distributed
                                  Discrete-Event Simulation Algorithm for
                                  Cyclic Circuits Using a Dataflow Network 21--33
                 Hiroaki Kitano   $\Phi$DM-Dialog: An Experimental
                                  Speech-to-Speech Dialog Translation
                                  System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--50
               David Cordes and   
                   Marcus Brown   The Literate-Programming Paradigm  . . . 52--61
               Avraham Leff and   
                      Calton Pu   A Classification of Transaction
                                  Processing Systems . . . . . . . . . . . 63--76
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
           T. L. (Frank) Pappas   \TeX typesetting with a difference . . . 92--93

Computer
Volume 24, Number 7, July, 1991

                 Denis L. Baggi   Guest Editor's Introduction:
                                  Computer-Generated Music . . . . . . . . 6
          David P. Anderson and   
                    Ron Kuivila   Formula: A Programming Language for
                                  Expressive Computer Music  . . . . . . . 12--21
                     David Cope   Recombinant Music: Using the Computer to
                                  Explore Musical Style  . . . . . . . . . 22--28
            Margaret L. Johnson   Toward an Expert System for Expressive
                                  Musical Performance  . . . . . . . . . . 30--34
        Roger B. Dannenberg and   
     Christopher Lee Fraley and   
                Peter Velikonja   Fugue: A Functional Language for Sound
                                  Synthesis  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--42
            Hideyuki Morita and   
            Shuji Hashimoto and   
                  Sadamu Ohteru   A Computer Music System that Follows a
                                  Human Conductor  . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--53
             Stephen W. Smoliar   Algorithms for musical composition: A
                                  question of granularity  . . . . . . . . 54--56
         Stephen W. Smoliar and   
              Goffredo Haus and   
            Alberto Sametti and   
             Denis L. Baggi and   
            Antonio Camurri and   
             Corrado Canepa and   
          Marcello Frixione and   
            Renato Zaccaria and   
             Yap Siong Chua and   
                   Robert Keefe   Project Overviews: Current Research in
                                  Computer-Generated Music . . . . . . . . 54--75
              Goffredo Haus and   
                Alberto Sametti   Scoresynth: A System for the Synthesis
                                  of Music Scores Based on Petri Nets and
                                  a Music Algebra  . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--60
                 Denis L. Baggi   Neurswing: An Intelligent Workbench for
                                  the Investigation of Swing in Jazz . . . 60--64
            Antonio Camurri and   
             Corrado Canepa and   
          Marcello Frixione and   
                Renato Zaccaria   HARP: A System for Intelligent
                                  Composer's Assistance  . . . . . . . . . 64--67
                 Yap Siong Chua   Composition Based on Pentatonic Scales:
                                  A Computer-Aided Approach  . . . . . . . 67--71
                   Robert Keefe   Composing by Musical Analog: A Look at
                                  Planetary Orbits . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--75
              Steven R. Newcomb   Standards: Standard Music Description
                                  Language complies with hypermedia
                                  standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--79
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Computer
Volume 24, Number 8, August, 1991

             Mukesh Singhal and   
             Thomas L. Casavant   Guest Editor's Introduction: Distributed
                                  Computing Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . 12--16
            Bruce E. Martin and   
          Claus H. Pedersen and   
          James Bedford-Roberts   An Object-Bases Taxonomy for Distributed
                                  Computing Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . 17--27
                    Colin Fidge   Logical Time in Distributed Computing
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--33
           Pradeep K. Sinha and   
             Mamoru Maekawa and   
            Kentaro Shimizu and   
                Xiaohua Jia and   
               Hyo Ashihara and   
           Naoki Utsunomiya and   
                Kyu S. Park and   
                Hirohiko Nakano   The Galaxy Distributed Operating System  34--41
             Keith Marzullo and   
              Robert Cooper and   
               Mark D. Wood and   
              Kenneth P. Birman   Tools for Distributed Application
                                  Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--51
              Bill Nitzberg and   
                    Virginia Lo   Distributed Shared Memory: A Survey of
                                  Issues and Algorithms  . . . . . . . . . 52--60
              Enrique Mafla and   
                Bharat Bhargava   Communication Facilities for Distributed
                                  Transaction-Processing Systems . . . . . 61--66
         M. Tamer Özsu and   
              Patrick Valduriez   Distributed Database Systems: Where Are
                                  We Now?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--78
            Charles F. Goldfarb   Standards: HyTime: a standard for
                                  structured hypermedia interchange  . . . 81--84
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

Computer
Volume 24, Number 9, September, 1991

                Merlin G. Smith   IEEE Computer Society: Four Decades of
                                  Service, 1951--1991  . . . . . . . . . . 6--12
             James H. Aylor and   
               Roy L. Russo and   
               Bruce D. Shriver   Guest Editors' Introduction: The Promise
                                  of the Next Decade . . . . . . . . . . . 15--17
           John L. Hennessy and   
               Norman P. Jouppi   Computer Technology and Architecture: An
                                  Evolving Interaction . . . . . . . . . . 18--29
            Harold S. Stone and   
                     John Cocke   Computer Architecture in the 1990s . . . 30--38
                   Jim Gray and   
            Daniel P. Siewiorek   High-Availability Computer Systems . . . 39--48
               Aaron Marcus and   
                Andries van Dam   User-Interface Developments for the
                                  Nineties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--57
             Gregory M. Nielson   Visualization in Scientific and
                                  Engineering Computation  . . . . . . . . 58--66
                Larry D. Wittie   Computer Networks and Distributed
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--76
                  Paul E. Green   The Future of Fibre-Optic Computer
                                  Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--87
           Victor R. Basili and   
                   John D. Musa   The Future Engineering of Software: A
                                  Management Perspective . . . . . . . . . 90--96
               P. Treleaven and   
                    H. Aiso and   
                 M. A. Meth and   
                A. K. Jones and   
         R. H. Sprague, Jr. and   
               T. Van Duzer and   
                G. E. Moore and   
               A. C. Weaver and   
                    V. Cerf and   
               M. R. Mercer and   
                  K. Boykin and   
                D. Cheriton and   
                T. G. Lewis and   
                       Luqi and   
                  L. P. Deutsch   Viewpoints (computing in the 1990s)  . . 98--113

Computer
Volume 24, Number 10, October, 1991

                      Anonymous   Multimedia Information Systems: The
                                  Unfolding of a Reality . . . . . . . . . 6
                  Edward A. Fox   Advances in Interactive Digital
                                  Multimedia Systems . . . . . . . . . . . 9--21
              Carlo Meghini and   
             Fausto Rabitti and   
              Costantino Thanos   Conceptual Modeling of Multimedia
                                  Documents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--30
           Steven K. Feiner and   
            Kathleen R. McKeown   Automating the Generation of Coordinated
                                  Multimedia Explanations  . . . . . . . . 33--41
        Thomas D. C. Little and   
                   Arif Ghafoor   Spatio-Temporal Composition of
                                  Distributed Multimedia Objects for
                                  Value-Added Networks . . . . . . . . . . 42--50
          David P. Anderson and   
                   George Homsy   A Continuous Media I/O Server and Its
                                  Synchronization Mechanism  . . . . . . . 51--57
     Murugappan Palaniappan and   
             George Fitzmaurice   InternetExpress: An Inter-Desktop
                                  Multimedia Data-Transfer Service . . . . 58--67
             Herrick M. Vin and   
         Polle T. Zellweger and   
        Daniel C. Swinehart and   
               P. Venkat Rangan   Multimedia Conferencing in the
                                  Etherphone Environment . . . . . . . . . 69--79

Computer
Volume 24, Number 11, November, 1991

             Eric S. Lander and   
           Robert Langridge and   
             Damian M. Saccocio   Computing in Molecular Biology: Mapping
                                  and Interpreting Biological Information  6--13
    Jean-Jacques Quisquater and   
                 Yvo G. Desmedt   Chinese Lotto as an Exhaustive
                                  Code-Breaking Machine  . . . . . . . . . 14--22
                Eric K. Clemons   Corporate Strategies for Information
                                  Technology: A Resource-Based Approach    23--32
            Partha Dasgupta and   
    Richard J. LeBlanc, Jr. and   
            Mustaque Ahamad and   
        Umakishore Ramachandran   The Clouds Distributed Operating System  34--44
             Michael Factor and   
         David H. Gelernter and   
              Craig E. Kolb and   
            Perry L. Miller and   
                 Dean F. Sittig   Real-Time Data Fusion in the Intensive
                                  Care Unit  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--54
            Allen B. Tucker and   
                Bruce H. Barnes   Flexible Design: A Summary of Computing
                                  Curricula 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--66

Computer
Volume 24, Number 12, December, 1991

                      Sudha Ram   Guest Editor's Introduction:
                                  Heterogeneous Distributed Database
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
                    Won Kim and   
                    Jungyun Seo   Classifying Schematic and Data
                                  Heterogeneity in Multi Database Systems  12--18
                 Rafi Ahmed and   
          Philippe De Smedt and   
                  Weimin Du and   
               William Kent and   
       Mohammad A. Ketabchi and   
           Witold A. Litwin and   
                Abbas Rafii and   
                Ming-Chien Shan   The Pegasus Heterogeneous Multidatabase
                                  System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--27
            Nandit Soparkar and   
             Henry F. Korth and   
           Abraham Silberschatz   Failure-Resilient Transaction Management
                                  in Multidatabases  . . . . . . . . . . . 28--36
                  John Noll and   
                   Walt Scacchi   Integrating Diverse Information
                                  Repositories: A Distributed Hypertext
                                  Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38--45
         Marek Rusinkiewicz and   
                 Amit Sheth and   
               George Karabatis   Specifying Interdatabase Dependencies in
                                  a Multidatabase Environment  . . . . . . 46--53
           Christine Collet and   
           Michael N. Huhns and   
                   Wei-Min Shen   Resource Integration Using a Large
                                  Knowledge Base in Carnot . . . . . . . . 55--62
                  Calton Pu and   
               Avraham Leff and   
                Shu-Wie F. Chen   Heterogeneous and Autonomous Transaction
                                  Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--72
                  D. Arnold and   
                 P. Cannata and   
              L. A. Glasson and   
                G. Hallmark and   
                 B. McGuire and   
                  S. Newman and   
                 R. Odegard and   
                   H. Sabharwal   SQL Access: an implementation of the ISO
                                  Remote Database Access Standard  . . . . 74--78


Computer
Volume 25, Number 1, January, 1992

                    David Harel   Biting the Silver Bullet: Toward a
                                  Brighter Future for System Development   8--20
                 Yulun Wang and   
            Amante Mangaser and   
          Partha Srinivasan and   
               Steve Jordan and   
                  Steven Butner   The 3DP: A Processor Architecture for
                                  Three-Dimensional Applications . . . . . 25--36
           Thomas Y. C. Woo and   
                   Simon S. Lam   Authentication for Distributed Systems   39--52
              Peter Van Roy and   
               Alvin M. Despain   High-Performance Logic Programming with
                                  the Aquarius Prolog Compiler . . . . . . 54--68
              Peter Van Roy and   
               Alvin M. Despain   High-performance logic programming with
                                  the Aquarius Prolog compiler . . . . . . 54--68
           Robert H. Klenke and   
         Ronald D. Williams and   
                 James H. Aylor   Parallel-Processing Techniques for
                                  Automatic Test Pattern Generation  . . . 71--84
                     Ware Myers   Supercomputing 91: Special Report:
                                  High-performance computing as a window
                                  into the future  . . . . . . . . . . . . 87--90
                  R. W. Hamming   Review of \em Mathematical Foundations
                                  of Computer Science, Volume 1 (Fejer, P.
                                  A. and Simovici D. A; 1991)  . . . . . . 134--135
                Janusz Zalewski   Review of \em Ada in Distributed
                                  Real-Time Systems (Nielsen, K; 1990) . . 135--135
                 Lee Hoevel and   
             Veljko Milutinovic   The Open Channel: Terminology risks with
                                  the RISC concept in the risky RISC arena 136--136

Computer
Volume 25, Number 2, February, 1992

             Alok Choudhary and   
                   Sanjay Ranka   Guest Editors' Introduction: Parallel
                                  Processing for Computer Vision and Image
                                  Understanding  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--10
             Alok Choudhary and   
                   Sanjay Ranka   Parallel processing for computer vision
                                  and image understanding (special issue
                                  introduction)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--10
                Brian Marsh and   
                Chris Brown and   
             Thomas LeBlanc and   
              Michael Scott and   
                 Tim Becker and   
               Cesar Quiroz and   
                Prakash Das and   
                 Jonas Karlsson   The Rochester Checkers Player:
                                  Multimodel Parallel Programming for
                                  Animate Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--19
                    Jon A. Webb   Steps Toward Architecture-Independent
                                  Image Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . 21--31
          Isidore Rigoutsos and   
                  Robert Hummel   Massively Parallel Model Matching:
                                  Geometric Hashing on the Connection
                                  Machine  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33--42
              A. M. Wallace and   
           G. J. Michaelson and   
                P. McAndrew and   
                K. G. Waugh and   
                   W. J. Austin   Dynamic Control and Prototyping of
                                  Parallel Algorithms for Intermediate-
                                  and High-Level Vision  . . . . . . . . . 43--53
          Howard Jay Siegel and   
         James B. Armstrong and   
               Daniel W. Watson   Mapping Computer-Vision-Related Tasks
                                  onto Reconfigurable Parallel-Processing
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54--63
          Howard Jay Siegel and   
         James B. Armstrong and   
               Daniel W. Watson   Mapping computer-vision-related tasks
                                  onto reconfigurable parallel-processing
                                  systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54--63
           Charles C. Weems and   
          Edward M. Riseman and   
            Allen R. Hanson and   
            P. J. Narayanan and   
             Ling Tony Chen and   
             Larry S. Davis and   
           Leah H. Jamieson and   
             Edward J. Delp and   
             Wang Chao-Chun and   
                    Juan Li and   
                         others   Image understanding architecture:
                                  Exploiting potential parallelism in
                                  machine vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--68
            P. J. Narayanan and   
             Ling Tony Chen and   
                 Larry S. Davis   Effective use of SIMD parallelism in
                                  low- and intermediate-level vision . . . 68--73
           Leah H. Jamieson and   
             Edward J. Delp and   
             Chao-Chun Wang and   
                    Juan Li and   
                  Frank J. Weil   A software environment for parallel
                                  computer vision  . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--77
               Vivienne S. Begg   Review of \em A Theory of Computer
                                  Semiotics (Anderson, P. B; 1990) . . . . 118--119
                Janusz Zalewski   Review of \em Temporal Logic for
                                  Real-Time Systems (Ostroff, I J; 1990)   119--119

Computer
Volume 25, Number 3, March, 1992

               T. Y. C. Woo and   
                      S. S. Lam   `Authentication' revisited (correction
                                  and addendum to `Authentication' for
                                  distributed systems, Jan. 92, 39--52)    10
           Thomas Y. C. Woo and   
                   Simon S. Lam   Correction: Authentication for
                                  distributed systems  . . . . . . . . . . 10--10
                  Jakob Nielsen   The Usability Engineering Life Cycle . . 12--22
      Jonathan D. Reichbach and   
            Richard A. Kemmerer   SoundWorks: An Object-Oriented
                                  Distributed System for Digital Sound . . 25--37
                 Gio Wiederhold   Mediators in the Architecture of Future
                                  Information Systems  . . . . . . . . . . 38--49
               M. W. Bright and   
               A. R. Hurson and   
                Simin H. Pakzad   A Taxonomy and Current Issues in
                                  Multidatabase Systems  . . . . . . . . . 50--60
             Daniel Lenoski and   
               James Laudon and   
       Kourosh Gharachorloo and   
        Wolf-Dietrich Weber and   
                Anoop Gupta and   
              John Hennessy and   
              Mark Horowitz and   
                  Monica S. Lam   The Stanford Dash Multiprocessor . . . . 63--79
               Alejandro Teruel   Review of \em Object-Oriented Design
                                  (Coed, P. and Yourdon, E.; 1991) . . . . 125--125
                Janusz Zalewski   Review of \em Software Engineering with
                                  Abstractions (Berzins, V, and Luqi)  . . 125--126
           Richard Marion Stein   The Open Channel: How to forestall
                                  electronic mutually assured destruction  128--128

Computer
Volume 25, Number 4, April, 1992

                      Anonymous   January book review: A plea for
                                  McMathematics for engineers  . . . . . . 4--4
              W. Kent Fuchs and   
           Earl E. Swartzlander   Wafer-Scale Integration: Architectures
                                  and Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--8
              W. Kent Fuchs and   
      Earl E. Swartzlander, Jr.   Wafer-scale integration: Architectures
                                  and algorithms (special issue
                                  introduction)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--8
                Robert W. Horst   Task-Flow Architecture for WSI Parallel
                                  Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--18
                Robert W. Horst   Task-flow architecture for WST parallel
                                  processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--18
           Koichi Yamashita and   
                 Shohei Ikehara   A Design and Yield Evaluation Technique
                                  for Wafer-Scale Memory . . . . . . . . . 19--27
            Ahmed Boubekeur and   
             Jean-Luc Patry and   
           Gabriele Saucier and   
                 Jacques Trilhe   Configuring a wafer-scale
                                  two-dimensional array of single-bit
                                  processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29--39
            Ahmed Boubekeur and   
             Jean-Luc Patry and   
           Gabriele Saucier and   
                 Jacques Trilhe   Configuring a Wafer-Scale
                                  Two-Dimensional Array of Single-Bit
                                  Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29--39
          Allan H. Anderson and   
             Jack I. Raffel and   
                 Peter W. Wyatt   Wafer-Scale Integration Using
                                  Restructurable VLSI  . . . . . . . . . . 41--47
          Allan H. Anderson and   
             Jack I. Raffel and   
                 Peter W. Wyatt   Wafer-scale integration using
                                  restructurable VLSI  . . . . . . . . . . 41--47
           Glenn H. Chapman and   
            M. Parameswaran and   
                 Marek Syrzycki   Wafer-scale transducer arrays  . . . . . 50--56
           Glenn H. Chapman and   
            M. Parameswaran and   
                 Marek Syrzycki   Wafer-scale transducer arrays  . . . . . 50--56
                  Wojciech Maly   Prospects for WSI: A Manufacturing
                                  Perspective  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58--65
            David L. Landis and   
                Nitin Nigam and   
            Joseph W. Yoder and   
              Vijay K. Jain and   
             Hiroomi Hikawa and   
                   D. C. Keezer   Project Overviews: Wafer-scale
                                  optimization using computational
                                  availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--71
              Vijay K. Jain and   
             Hiroomi Hikawa and   
                   D. C. Keezer   An architecture for WSI rapid
                                  prototyping  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--75
                      Anonymous   Computer Society News  . . . . . . . . . 76--78
           Tsai-Chia Peter Chou   Review of \em Neural Networks and Fuzzy
                                  Systems: A Dynamical Systems Approach to
                                  Machine Intelligence (Kosko, B; 1992)    110--110
                Janusz Zalewski   Review of \em Microcomputer Buses (Cram,
                                  R. M; 1991)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110--111
                Rana Ejaz Ahmed   Review of \em High-Performance Computer
                                  Architecture Ahmed, 2nd edn. (Stone, H.
                                  S; 1990) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111--111
                    Paul Eggert   The Open Channel: New open channels,
                                  old-fashioned societies  . . . . . . . . 112--112

Computer
Volume 25, Number 5, May, 1992

                Jayantha Herath   Computer architectures for intelligent
                                  systems (special issue introduction) . . 6--9
            Alfred A. Rizzi and   
          Louis L. Whitcomb and   
           Daniel E. Koditschek   Distributed Real-Time Control of a
                                  Spatial Robot Juggler  . . . . . . . . . 12--24
                 David Abramson   A Very High Speed Architecture for
                                  Simulated Annealing  . . . . . . . . . . 27--36
               Dan Moldovan and   
                   Wing Lee and   
               Changhwa Lin and   
                   Minhwa Chung   Snap: Parallel Processing Applied to AI  39--49
              Innes A. Ferguson   TouringMachines: Autonomous agents with
                                  attitudes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--55
                 James S. Albus   RCS: A reference model architecture for
                                  intelligent control  . . . . . . . . . . 56--59
                 Claude Le Pape   Using constraint propagation in
                                  blackboard systems: A flexible software
                                  architecture for reactive and
                                  distributed systems  . . . . . . . . . . 60--62
                Ian N. Robinson   Hardware to support runtime intelligence 63--66
                Tzi-cker Chineh   Optimization of fuzzy logic inference
                                  architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--71
                Tzi-cker Chiueh   Optimization of fuzzy logic inference
                                  architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--71
            Alastair D. McAulay   Optical computer architectures for
                                  supervised learning systems  . . . . . . 72--75
                Yoh-Han Pao and   
             Yoshiyasu Takefuji   Functional-link net computing: Theory,
                                  system architecture, and functionalities 76--79
               August M. Turano   Review of \em Hypertext in Context
                                  (McKnight, C., et al; 1991)  . . . . . . 110--111
                Janusz Zalewski   Review of \em Concurrent Programming:
                                  Principles and Practice (Andrews, G. R;
                                  1991)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111--111
                  Seung-Min Yan   The Open Channel: Conventional wisdom
                                  for today's computer scientists and
                                  engineers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112--112

Computer
Volume 25, Number 6, June, 1992

                 John Turek and   
                  Dennis Shasha   The Many Faces of Consensus in
                                  Distributed Systems  . . . . . . . . . . 8--17
              Theo Pavlidis and   
              Jerome Swartz and   
                 Ynjiun P. Wang   Information encoding with
                                  two-dimensional bar codes  . . . . . . . 18--28
            David G. Garlan and   
             Gail E. Kaiser and   
                   David Notkin   Using Tool Abstraction to Compose
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--38
              Helnye Azaria and   
                    Adrian Dvir   An optimizing compiler for an SPAP
                                  architecture using AI tools  . . . . . . 39--48
               Salim Hariri and   
             Alok Choudhary and   
                Behcet Sarikaya   Architectural Support for Designing
                                  Fault-Tolerant Open Distributed Systems  50--62
               Salim Hariri and   
             Alok Choudhary and   
                Behcet Sarikaya   Architectural support tor designing
                                  fault-tolerant open distributed systems  50--62
          D. Vera Edelstein and   
               Salvatore Mamone   Standards: A standard for software
                                  maintenance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--83
                Janusz Zalewski   Review of \em Programming Distributed
                                  Systems (Bal, H. E; 1990)  . . . . . . . 101--102
             Z. Michael Benedek   Review of \em Object-Oriented Databases
                                  with Applications to CASE, Networks, and
                                  VLSI CAD (Gupta, R. and Horowitz, E.,
                                  Eds; 1991) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
               James Brakefield   The Open Channel: Distributed virtual
                                  society and the economics of sharing . . 104

Computer
Volume 25, Number 7, July, 1992

          Lawrence O'Gorman and   
              Rangachar Kasturi   Guest Editor's Introduction: Document
                                  Image Analysis Systems . . . . . . . . . 5--8
                George Nagy and   
                Sharad Seth and   
             Mahesh Viswanathan   A Prototype Document Image Analysis
                                  System for Technical Journals  . . . . . 10--22
                Luca Boatto and   
          Vincenzo Consorti and   
           Monica Del Buono and   
           Silvano Di Zenzo and   
             Vincenzo Eramo and   
        Alessandra Esposito and   
         Francesco Melcarne and   
               Marco Meucci and   
             Andrea Morelli and   
            Marco Mosciatti and   
             Stefano Scarci and   
                    Marco Tucci   An Interpretation System for Land
                                  Register Maps  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--33
            Paul W. Palumbo and   
          Sargur N. Srihari and   
                   Soh Jung and   
         Ramalingam Sridhar and   
              Victor Demjanenko   Postal Address Block Location in Real
                                  Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--42
         Pascal Vaxivi\`ere and   
                    Karl Tombre   Celesstin: CAD Conversion of Mechanical
                                  Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46--54
      Shigeyoshi Shimotsuji and   
                 Osamu Hori and   
                Mieko Asano and   
               Kaoru Suzuki and   
           Fumihiko Hoshino and   
                 Toshiaki Ishii   A Robust Recognition System for a
                                  Drawing Superimposed on a Map  . . . . . 56--59
                 Ofer Matan and   
             Henry S. Baird and   
               Jane Bromley and   
   Christopher J. C. Burges and   
             John S. Denker and   
         Lawrence D. Jackel and   
                Le Cun Yann and   
       Edwin P. D. Pednault and   
     William D. Satterfield and   
         Charles E. Stenard and   
                         others   Reading Handwritten Digits: A ZIP Code
                                  Recognition System . . . . . . . . . . . 59--63
             Andreas Dengel and   
          Rainer Bleisinger and   
                Rainer Hoch and   
                 Frank Fein and   
                    Frank Hones   From Paper to Office Document Standard
                                  Representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63--67
                Tomio Amano and   
             Akio Yamashita and   
              Nobuyasu Itoh and   
         Yoshinao Kobayashi and   
                 Shin Katoh and   
          Kazuharu Toyokawa and   
             Hiroyasu Takahashi   DRS: A workstation-based document
                                  recognition system for text entry  . . . 67--71
                Tomio Amano and   
             Akio Yamashita and   
              Nobuyasu Itoh and   
         Yoshinao Kobayashi and   
                 Shin Katoh and   
          Kazuharu Toyokawa and   
             Hiroyasu Takahashi   DRS: A Workstation-Based Document
                                  Recognition System for Text Entry  . . . 67--71
              Habib Goraine and   
                 Mike Usher and   
                 Samir Al-Emami   Off-line Arabic character recognition    71--74
              Habib Goraine and   
                 Mike Usher and   
                 Samir Al-Emami   Off-Line Arabic Character Recognition    71--74
         Robert P. Futrelle and   
      Ioannis A. Kakadiaris and   
             Jeff Alexander and   
      Catherine M. Carriero and   
            Nikos Nikolakis and   
             Joseph M. Futrelle   Understanding Diagrams in Technical
                                  Documents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75--78
                      Anonymous   Powerful CASE on the Mac . . . . . . . . 84--87
            Ross Alan Stapleton   News from the Committee on Public Policy
                                  --- Opening doors in the global village  94--96
                Imrich Chlamtac   Review of \em Data Networks, 2nd edn.
                                  (Bertsekas, D., and Gallager, R; 1992)   110--110
              James W. Berkovec   Review of \em Mirror Worlds (Gelernter,
                                  D; 1991) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
               Robert G. Estell   The Open Channel: Two heads are better
                                  than one . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112--112

Computer
Volume 25, Number 8, August, 1992

        Andrew S. Tanenbaum and   
          M. Frans Kaashoek and   
                   Henri E. Bal   Parallel Programming Using Shared
                                  Objects and Broadcasting . . . . . . . . 10--19
       Andrew S. Tannenbaum and   
          M. Frans Kaashoek and   
                   Henri E. Bal   Parallel programming using shared
                                  objects and broadcasting . . . . . . . . 10--19
         John T. F. Feddema and   
           C. S. George Lee and   
             O. Robert Mitchell   Model-based visual feedback control for
                                  a hand-eye coordinated robotic system    21--31
            John T. Feddema and   
           C. S. George Lee and   
             O. Robert Mitchell   Model-Based Visual Feedback Control for
                                  a Hand-Eye Coordinated Robotic System    21--31
               Leon Alkalaj and   
                 Tomas Lang and   
             Milos D. Ercegovac   Architectural Support for Goal
                                  Management in Flat Concurrent Prolog . . 34--47
             Darrell R. Raymond   Flexible Text Display with Lector  . . . 49--60
                  Brad A. Myers   Demonstrational Interfaces: A Step
                                  Beyond Direct Manipulation . . . . . . . 61--73
                      Anonymous   Computer Society News  . . . . . . . . . 74--76
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--79
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews: What light through
                                  yonder Windows 3.1?  . . . . . . . . . . 81--86
                     Al Wegener   Review of \em Data Compression, 3rd edn.
                                  (Held, G; 1991)  . . . . . . . . . . . . 110--111

Computer
Volume 25, Number 9, September, 1992

          Thomas F. Collura and   
           Ernest C. Jacobs and   
         Richard C. Burgess and   
               John P. Turnbull   The Epilog system: Automated long-term
                                  EEG monitoring for epilepsy  . . . . . . 5--14
          Thomas F. Collura and   
           Ernest C. Jacobs and   
         Richard C. Burgess and   
               John P. Turnbull   The Epilog system --- automated
                                  long-term EEG monitoring for epilepsy    5--14
               Guy A. Story and   
          Lawrence O'Gorman and   
                  David Fox and   
        Louise Levy Schaper and   
                 H. V. Jagadish   The RightPages image-based electronic
                                  library for alerting and browsing  . . . 17--26
               Guy A. Story and   
          Lawrence O'Gorman and   
                  David Fox and   
        Louise Levy Schaper and   
                 H. V. Jagadish   The RightPages Image-Based Electronic
                                  Library for Alerting and Browsing  . . . 17--26
            Allen L. Ambler and   
        Margaret M. Burnett and   
             Betsy A. Zimmerman   Operational Versus Definitional: A
                                  Perspective on Programming Paradigms . . 28--43
             Erik Hagersten and   
              Anders Landin and   
                    Seif Haridi   DDM --- A Cache-Only Memory Architecture 44--54
          Erik H. Hagersten and   
              Anders Landin and   
                    Seif Haridi   DDM --- A cache-only memory architecture 44--54
            A. S. M. Sajeev and   
                    A. J. Hurst   Programming Persistence in $\chi$  . . . 57--66
           J. Robert Ashley and   
               Fletcher Buckley   Standards: Point/counterpoint: Safety
                                  standards for CRT visual display units   68--70
               J. R. Ashley and   
                     F. Buckley   Standards: Point/counterpoint: safety
                                  standards for CRT visual display units   68--70
                Janusz Zalewski   Review of \em Real-Time Expert Systems
                                  Computer Architecture (Hodson, R. F. and
                                  Kandel, A; 1991) . . . . . . . . . . . . 126--126
                Robert C. Birss   Review of \em Literate Programming
                                  (Knuth, D. E; 1992)  . . . . . . . . . . 126--127

Computer
Volume 25, Number 10, October, 1992

              David C. Rine and   
                Bharat Bhargava   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Object-Oriented Computing  . . . . . . . 6--10
                   Peter Wegner   Dimensions of Object-Oriented Modeling   12--20
                   Peter Wegner   Dimensions of object-oriented modeling   12--20
          Robert G. Fichman and   
               Chris F. Kemerer   Object-Oriented and Conventional
                                  Analysis and Design Methodologies  . . . 22--39
          Robert G. Fichman and   
               Chris F. Kemerer   Object-oriented and conventional
                                  analysis and design methodologies  . . . 22--39
                 Bertrand Meyer   Applying ``Design by Contract''  . . . . 40--51
                David Ungar and   
           Randall B. Smith and   
             Craig Chambers and   
                     Urs Holzle   Object, message, and performance: how
                                  they coexist in Self . . . . . . . . . . 53--64
            Yutaka Ishikawa and   
            Hideyuki Tokuda and   
             Clifford W. Mercer   An object-oriented real-time programming
                                  language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--73
            Yutaka Ishikawa and   
            Hideyuki Tokuda and   
             Clifford W. Mercer   An Object-Oriented Real-Time Programming
                                  Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--73
             David L. Wells and   
    José A. Blakeley and   
              Craig W. Thompson   Architecture of an Open Object-Oriented
                                  Database Management System . . . . . . . 74--82
           Parris K. Egbert and   
              William J. Kubitz   Application Graphics Modeling Support
                                  Through Object Orientation . . . . . . . 84--91
                      Anonymous   Computer Society News  . . . . . . . . . 94--95
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews: OS/2 Version 2.0  . . . 97--101
                  R. W. Hamming   Review of \em John von Neumann and the
                                  Origins of Modern Computing (Aspray, W;
                                  1990)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126--127

Computer
Volume 25, Number 11, November, 1992

                 Michael Conrad   Guest Editor's Introduction: Molecular
                                  Computing Paradigms  . . . . . . . . . . 6--9
                 Michael Conrad   Molecular computing paradigms (special
                                  issue introduction)  . . . . . . . . . . 6--9
                 Michael Conrad   Molecular Computing: The Lock-Key
                                  Paradigm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11--20
       Myles H. C. Capstick and   
         W. P. Liam Marnane and   
                  Ronald Pethig   Biologic Computational Building Blocks   22--29
         Stuart R. Hameroff and   
          Judith E. Dayhoff and   
        Rafael Lahoz-Beltra and   
      Alexei V. Samsonovich and   
                Steen Rasmussen   Models for Molecular Computation:
                                  Conformational Automata in the
                                  Cytoskeleton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--39
              Takafumi Aoki and   
         Michitaka Kameyama and   
                 Tatsuo Higuchi   Interconnection-Free Biomolecular
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--51
              Takafumi Aoki and   
         Michitaka Kameyama and   
                 Tatsuo Higuchi   Interconnection-free biomolecular
                                  computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--51
             Nikolay G. Rambidi   An Approach to Computational Complexity:
                                  Nondiscrete Biomolecular Computing . . . 51--54
                Robert R. Birge   Protein-based optical computing and
                                  memories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--67
                Robert R. Birge   Protein-Based Optical Computing and
                                  Memories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--67
                David Gries and   
                  Dorothy Marsh   The 1990--91 Taulbee Survey Report . . . 69--75
                  Peter M. Todd   Hot Topics: Two approaches to machine
                                  intelligence --- The animat path to
                                  intelligent adaptive behavior  . . . . . 78, 81
                 Michael Conrad   Hot Topics: Two Approaches to Machine
                                  Intelligence: Toward an Artificial Brain 79--80
        Marvin V. Zelkowitz and   
            Fletcher J. Buckley   Standards: Are software engineering
                                  process standards really necessary?  . . 82--84
                      Anonymous   Computer Society News  . . . . . . . . . 86--90
        Suzanne P. Weisband and   
             Seymour E. Goodman   News from the Committee on Public Policy
                                  --- International software piracy  . . . 87--90
                Wayne. Burleson   Review of \em Digital Signal Processing:
                                  Theory and Applications and Hardware
                                  (Haddad, R. A., and Parsons T. W; 1991)  126--126
                Janusz Zalewski   Review of \em Microcontrollers:
                                  Architecture and Implementation and
                                  Programming (Hintz, K. and Tabak, D;
                                  1992)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126--127
                Janusz Zalewski   Review of \em Verification of Sequential
                                  and Concurrent Programs (Apt, K. R. and
                                  Olderog, E.-R.; 1991)  . . . . . . . . . 127--127
                  Chuck Simmons   The Open Channel: The dining
                                  philosophers at Thanksgiving dinner  . . 128--128

Computer
Volume 25, Number 12, December, 1992

                Robert D. Bliss   Open Channel: It's the law . . . . . . . 12
         W. Richards Adrion and   
         Edward D. Lazowska and   
                Andries Van Dam   From discipline in crisis to mature
                                  science: Evolving needs for computing
                                  research infrastructure  . . . . . . . . 18--24
           Thomas E. Bihari and   
                Prabha Gopinath   Object-oriented real-time systems:
                                  Concepts and examples  . . . . . . . . . 25--32
           Thomas E. Bihari and   
                Prabha Gopinath   Object-Oriented Real-Time Systems:
                                  Concepts and Examples  . . . . . . . . . 25--32
     Niranjan G. Shivaratri and   
            Phillip Krueger and   
                 Mukesh Singhal   Load Distributing for Locally
                                  Distributed Systems  . . . . . . . . . . 33--44
                Harold S. Stone   Copyrights and Author Responsibilities   46--51
              Marc H. Brown and   
               John Hershberger   Color and Sound in Algorithm Animation   52--63
              D. M. Siefert and   
                    G. E. Stark   Standards: Software reliability
                                  handbook: Achieving reliable software    64--66
           David M. Siefert and   
                George E. Stark   Standards: Software reliability
                                  handbook: Achieving reliable software    64--66
                  John W. Balde   Hot Topics: Trends in advanced packaging
                                  technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--68
                      Anonymous   Computer Society News  . . . . . . . . . 71--72
                      Anonymous   1992 Annual Index  . . . . . . . . . . . 107--117
                  Lisa Anneberg   Review of \em An Integrated Approach to
                                  Software Engineering (Jalote, P; 1991)   118


Computer
Volume 26, Number 1, January, 1993

         Y. V. Ramana Reddy and   
     Kanakanahalli Srinivas and   
             V. Jagannathan and   
                 Raghu Karinthi   Guest Editors' Introduction: Computer
                                  Support for Concurrent Engineering . . . 12
               Prasun Dewan and   
                     John Riedl   Toward Computer-Supported Concurrent
                                  Software Engineering . . . . . . . . . . 17--27
           Mark R. Cutkosky and   
        Robert S. Engelmore and   
           Richard E. Fikes and   
      Michael R. Genesereth and   
           Thomas R. Gruber and   
                 W. S. Mark and   
            J. M. Tenenbaum and   
                    J. C. Weber   PACT: An Experiment in Integrating
                                  Concurrent Engineering Systems . . . . . 28--37
                     Mark Klein   Capturing Design Rationale in Concurrent
                                  Engineering Teams  . . . . . . . . . . . 39--47
          B. Chandrasekaran and   
              Ashok K. Goel and   
                   Yumi Iwasaki   Functional Representation as Design
                                  Rationale  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--56
         Satyandra K. Gupta and   
                Dana S. Nau and   
                Guangming Zhang   Project Overviews: Concurrent Evaluation
                                  of Machinability During Product Design   61--63
             Duvvuru Sriram and   
                 Robert Logcher   The MIT Dice Project . . . . . . . . . . 64--65
                James Bowen and   
                  Dennis Bahler   Constraint-Based Software for Concurrent
                                  Engineering  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--68
                 Chris Tong and   
                  Andrew Gomory   A Knowledge-Based Computer Environment
                                  for the Conceptual Design of Small
                                  Electromechanical Appliances . . . . . . 69--71
              Goopeel Chung and   
               Kevin Jeffay and   
            Hussein Abdel-Wahab   Accommodating Latecomers in Shared
                                  Window Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--74
            Pierre Nam Huyn and   
      Michael R. Genesereth and   
                 Reed Letsinger   Automated Concurrent Engineering in
                                  Designworld  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--76
               Alan H. Karp and   
                  Ken Miura and   
                    Horst Simon   1992 Gordon Bell Prize Winners . . . . . 77
             P. A. Subrahmanyam   Hot Topics: Hardware-Software Codesign:
                                  Cautious optimism for the future . . . . 84
                K. Buchenrieder   Hot Topics: Hardware-Software Codesign:
                                  Codesign and concurrent engineering  . . 85--86
                  G. De Micheli   Hot Topics: Hardware-Software Codesign:
                                  Extending CAD tools and techniques . . . 85--87
                 P. V. Bhansali   Survey of software safety standards
                                  shows diversity  . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--89
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Computer
Volume 26, Number 2, February, 1993

                      Anonymous   Editor-in Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
           Ronald J. Vetter and   
                 David H. C. Du   Distributed Computing with High-Speed
                                  Optical Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--18
          Nicholas S. Bowen and   
              Dhiraj K. Pradhan   Processor- and memory-based checkpoint
                                  and rollback recovery  . . . . . . . . . 22--31
            Gerald M. Karam and   
            Ronald S. Casselman   A Cataloging Framework for Software
                                  Development Methods  . . . . . . . . . . 34--44, 46
               A. R. Hurson and   
            Simin H. Pakzad and   
                 Jia-bing Cheng   Object-Oriented Database Management
                                  Systems: Evolution and Performance
                                  Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--58, 60
               Lionel M. Ni and   
             Philip K. McKinley   A Survey of Wormhole Routing Techniques
                                  in Direct Networks . . . . . . . . . . . 62--76
                      R. Pausch   Hot Topics: Three views of virtual
                                  reality: an overview . . . . . . . . . . 79--80
            G. G. Robertson and   
                 S. K. Card and   
                J. D. Mackinlay   Hot Topics: Three views of virtual
                                  reality: nonimmersive virtual reality    81, 83
                     M. Moshell   Hot Topics: Three views of virtual
                                  reality: virtual environments in the US
                                  military . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81--82
                       G. Trapp   Standards: The emerging STEP standard
                                  for product-model data exchange  . . . . 85--87
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

Computer
Volume 26, Number 3, March, 1993

                      Anonymous   President's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 9
           Peter M. Athanas and   
            Harvey F. Silverman   Processor Reconfiguration Through
                                  Instruction-Set Metamorphosis  . . . . . 11--18
           Tarek K. Abdel-Hamid   Adapting, Correcting, and Perfecting
                                  Software Estimates: A Maintenance
                                  Metaphor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--29
              Sriram Sankar and   
                   Manas Mandal   Concurrent Runtime Monitoring of
                                  Formally Specified Programs  . . . . . . 32--41
            Richard Staehli and   
               Jonathan Walpole   Constrained-Latency Storage Access . . . 44--53
                 M. Marefat and   
           Sandeep Malhotra and   
                  R. L. Kashyap   Object-Oriented Intelligent
                                  Computer-Integrated Design, Process
                                  Planning, and Inspection . . . . . . . . 54--65
                    John Keaton   Layoffs in the Computer Industry . . . . 66--71
                      R. Obenza   Hot Topics: Rate monotonic analysis for
                                  real-time systems  . . . . . . . . . . . 73--74
              W. W. Everett and   
                     J. A. Musa   Standards: A software reliability
                                  engineering practice . . . . . . . . . . 77--79
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Computer
Volume 26, Number 4, April, 1993

                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
               P. R. Mukund and   
                 J. F. McDonald   Guest Editor's Introduction: MCM --- The
                                  High-Performance Electronic Packaging
                                  Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
         Robert K. Scannell and   
                  John K. Hagge   Development of a Multichip Module DSP    13--21
              Wolfgang Daum and   
    William E. Burdick, Jr. and   
             Raymond A. Fillion   Overlay High-Density Interconnect: A
                                  Chips-First Multichip Module Technology  23--29
           David P. LaPotin and   
          Toufie R. Mazzawy and   
                Marlin L. White   Early Package Analysis: Considerations
                                  and Case Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--39
            Paul D. Franzon and   
                Robert J. Evans   A Multichip Module Design Process for
                                  Notebook Computers . . . . . . . . . . . 41--49
           Claus M. Habiger and   
                    R. Mike Lea   Hybrid-WSI: A Massively Parallel
                                  Computing Technology?  . . . . . . . . . 50--61
               Ranga Vemuri and   
                 Nand Kumar and   
             Raghu Vutukuru and   
           Prasad Subba Rao and   
              Praveen Sinha and   
                     N. Ren and   
                 P. Mamtora and   
                R. Mandayam and   
                  R. Vemuri and   
                         J. Roy   An Integrated Multicomponent Synthesis
                                  Environment for MCMs . . . . . . . . . . 62--74
         Peyman H. Dehkordi and   
              Donald W. Bouldin   Design for Packageability: Early
                                  consideration of Packaging from a VLSI
                                  Designer's Viewpoint . . . . . . . . . . 76--81
                  L. A. Glasser   A Road Map to ARPA Involvement in
                                  Electronic Packaging . . . . . . . . . . 82--86
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
                        M. Shur   Hot Topics: Future impact of solid-state
                                  technology on computers  . . . . . . . . 103--104
             N. F. Schneidewind   Standards: New software-quality metrics
                                  methodology standard fills measurement
                                  need . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--106
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 26, Number 5, May, 1993

                      Anonymous   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 9
         Patrick T. Gaughan and   
          Sudhakar Yalamanchili   Adaptive Routing Protocols for Hypercube
                                  Interconnection Networks . . . . . . . . 12--23
         Gultekin Ozsoyoglu and   
                   Huaqing Wang   Example-Based Graphical Database Query
                                  Languages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--38
             Andrew S. Grimshaw   Easy-to-Use Object-Oriented Parallel
                                  Processing with Mentat . . . . . . . . . 39--51
                 James R. Larus   Efficient Program Tracing  . . . . . . . 52--61
               David Notkin and   
         Richard D. Schlichting   Computer Science in Japanese
                                  Universities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--70
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
                      Anonymous   Hot Topics: Information infrastructure   75
                   J. R. Matras   Standards: Revised standard addresses
                                  design requirements for computers used
                                  in nuclear power-plant safety systems    76--79
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Computer
Volume 26, Number 6, June, 1993

                      Anonymous   Area Editor's Message  . . . . . . . . . 6
          Richard F. Freund and   
              Howard Jay Siegel   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Heterogeneous Processing . . . . . . . . 13
          Ashfaq A. Khokhar and   
         Viktor K. Prasanna and   
        Muhammad E. Shaaban and   
                    Cho-Li Wang   Heterogeneous Computing: Challenges and
                                  Opportunities  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--27
           Martin C. Rinard and   
           Daniel J. Scales and   
                  Monica S. Lam   Jade: A High-Level Machine-Independent
                                  Language for Parallel Programming  . . . 28--38
       Gabriel M. Silberman and   
                 Kemal Ebcioglu   An Architectural Framework for
                                  Supporting Heterogeneous Instruction-Set
                                  Architectures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--56
              John R. Nicol and   
           C. Thomas Wilkes and   
                Frank A. Manola   Object Orientation in Heterogeneous
                                  Distributed Computing Systems  . . . . . 57--67
           Frank J. Rinaldo and   
              Matthew R. Fausey   Event Reconstruction in High-Energy
                                  Physics  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--77
               Arif Ghafoor and   
                  Jaehyung Yang   A Distributed Heterogeneous
                                  Supercomputing Management System . . . . 78--86
              Adam Beguelin and   
              Jack Dongarra and   
                   Al Geist and   
                 Vaidy Sunderam   Visualization and Debugging in a
                                  Heterogeneous Environment  . . . . . . . 88--95
            L. J. Rosenblum and   
                     F. H. Post   Hot Topics: Visualizing fluid flow . . . 98--100
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
                  T. E. Vollman   Standards: Software quality assessment
                                  and standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118--120
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136

Computer
Volume 26, Number 7, July, 1993

                      Anonymous   Area Editor's Message  . . . . . . . . . 6
                Kuo-Chu Lee and   
  William H. Mansfield, Jr. and   
                  Amit P. Sheth   A Framework for Controlling Cooperative
                                  Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--16
           Nancy G. Leveson and   
                Clark S. Turner   An Investigation of the Therac-25
                                  Accidents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--41
        Jaswinder Pal Singh and   
           John L. Hennessy and   
                    Anoop Gupta   Scaling Parallel Programs for
                                  Multiprocessors: Methodology and
                                  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--50
               Arie Kaufman and   
               Daniel Cohen and   
                     Roni Yagel   Volume Graphics  . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--64
               T. E. Hutchinson   Hot topics; eye gaze computer
                                  interfaces: computers that sense eye
                                  position on the display  . . . . . . . . 65, 67
                 R. J. K. Jacob   Hot topics: eye-gaze computer
                                  interfaces: what you look at is what you
                                  get  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--66
                        CS News   Candidates slate; Board report; Bylaws
                                  amendments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

Computer
Volume 26, Number 8, August, 1993

                      Anonymous   Treasurer's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 8
          Nancy D. Griffeth and   
                   Yow-Jian Lin   Guest Editors' Introduction: The
                                  Feature-Interaction Problem  . . . . . . 14--18
                    Pamela Zave   Feature Interactions and Formal
                                  Specifications in Telecommunications . . 20--28, 30
               Richard Kuhn and   
            Patricia Edfors and   
            Victoria Howard and   
               Chuck Caputo and   
                Ted S. Phillips   Improving Public Switched Network
                                  Security in an Open Environment  . . . . 32--35
                    Alan Fekete   Formal Models of Communication Services:
                                  A Case Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--47
               Hugo Velthuijsen   Distributed Artificial Intelligence for
                                  Runtime Feature-Interaction Resolution   48--55
           Omran A. Bukhres and   
               Jiansan Chen and   
                  Weimin Du and   
        Ahmed K. Elmagarmid and   
                 Robert Pezzoli   InterBase: An Execution Environment for
                                  Heterogeneous Software Systems . . . . . 57--69
                 D. D. Wilmarth   Hot Topics: The compute cluster and
                                  other parallel programming models  . . . 70--72
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
                  F. J. Buckley   Standards: defining software engineering
                                  as a profession  . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--78
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Computer
Volume 26, Number 9, September, 1993

             Katia Obraczka and   
            Peter B. Danzig and   
                    Shih-Hao Li   Internet Resource Discovery Services . . 8--22
            Michael F. Schwartz   Internet Resource Discovery at the
                                  University of Colorado . . . . . . . . . 25--35
                Arthur Chai and   
                    Sumit Ghosh   Modeling and Distributed Simulation of a
                                  Broadband-ISDN Network . . . . . . . . . 37--51
           Algirdas Pakstas and   
               Sonata Pakstiene   Computer Networks in Estonia, Latvia,
                                  and Lithuania  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--64
                    Lui Sha and   
             Shirish S. Sathaye   A Systematic Approach to Designing
                                  Distributed Real-Time Systems  . . . . . 68--78
                      Anonymous   Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
              M. Satyanarayanan   Hot Topics: Mobile computing . . . . . . 81--82
                      Anonymous   Election Section . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

Computer
Volume 26, Number 10, October, 1993

                      Anonymous   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . 4
                Ahmed Sameh and   
                  John Riganati   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Computational Science and Engineering    8
               Paul R. Woodward   Interactive Scientific Visualization of
                                  Fluid Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13--25
            Tayfun Tezduyar and   
          Shahrouz Aliabadi and   
                 Marek Behr and   
             Andrew Johnson and   
                  Sanjay Mittal   Parallel Finite-Element Computation of
                                  3D Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--36
              Ahmed K. Noor and   
              Samuel L. Venneri   A Perspective on Computational
                                  Structures Technology  . . . . . . . . . 38--46
                  David A. Case   Computer Simulations of Protein Dynamics
                                  and Thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . 47--57
     Christopher R. Johnson and   
          Robert S. MacLeod and   
            Michael A. Matheson   Computational Medicine: Bioelectric
                                  Field Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--67
              R. C. Bamford and   
              W. J. Deibler, II   Standards: Comparing, contrasting ISO
                                  9001 and the SEI capability maturity
                                  model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--70
                      M. Weiser   Hot topics: ubiquitous computing . . . . 71--72
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Computer
Volume 26, Number 11, November, 1993

                 Ravi S. Sandhu   Lattice-Based Access Control Models  . . 9--19
          Kurtis T. Johnson and   
               A. R. Hurson and   
                Behrooz Shirazi   General-Purpose Systolic Arrays  . . . . 20--31
                  Jakob Nielsen   Iterative User-Interface Design  . . . . 32--41
       Erik P. DeBenedictis and   
             Stephen C. Johnson   Extending Unix for Scalable Computing    43--53
            Stephanie White and   
                Mack Alford and   
            Julian Holtzman and   
              Stephen Kuehl and   
                Brian McCay and   
                  D. Oliver and   
                   D. Owens and   
                   C. Tully and   
                      A. Willey   Systems Engineering of Computer-Based
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54--65
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
                      E. A. Fox   Hot Topics: Digital libraries  . . . . . 79--81
          James F. Leathrum and   
            Kathleen A. Liburdy   Standards: Impact of the Role of Testing
                                  in Posix is Expanding  . . . . . . . . . 81--82
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Computer
Volume 26, Number 12, December, 1993

                      Anonymous   President's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 4
                      Anonymous   EIC's Message  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
        Gruia-Catalin Roman and   
                 Kenneth C. Cox   A Taxonomy of Program Visualization
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11--24
               Alfonso Fuggetta   A Classification of CASE Technology  . . 25--38
              Sanjaya Kumar and   
             James H. Aylor and   
           Barry W. Johnson and   
                    Wm. A. Wulf   A Framework for Hardware/Software
                                  Codesign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--45
             Alan S. Wenban and   
            John W. O'Leary and   
              Geoffrey M. Brown   Codesign of Communication Protocols  . . 46--52
                   Roger Clarke   Asimov's Laws of Robotics: Implications
                                  for Information Technology. Part 1 . . . 53--61
                    Larry Press   Software Export from Developing Nations  62--67
                      Anonymous   Hot Topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128


Computer
Volume 27, Number 1, January, 1994

                      Anonymous   President's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 6
                        Lui Sha   Guest Editor's Introduction: Industrial
                                  Computing: A Grand Challenge . . . . . . 12--13
             Hermann Kopetz and   
              Gunter Grunsteidl   TTP --- a protocol for fault-tolerant
                                  real-time systems  . . . . . . . . . . . 14--23
              Mark H. Klein and   
           John P. Lehoczky and   
            Ragunathan Rajkumar   Rate-Monotonic Analysis for Real-Time
                                  Industrial Computing . . . . . . . . . . 24--33
           Nicholas Malcolm and   
                       Wei Zhao   The Timed-Token Protocol for Real-Time
                                  Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--41
            Nam-Sung S. Woo and   
           Alfred E. Dunlop and   
                     Wayne Wolf   Codesign from Cospecification  . . . . . 42--47
            Rajesh K. Gupta and   
  N. Coelho Claudionor, Jr. and   
            Giovanni De Micheli   Program Implementation Schemes for
                                  Hardware-Software Systems  . . . . . . . 48--55
                   Roger Clarke   Asimov's Laws of Robotics: Implications
                                  for Information Technology. Part 2 . . . 57--66
               Alan H. Karp and   
                 Don Heller and   
                    Horst Simon   1993 Gordon Bell Prize Winners . . . . . 69
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
                      Anonymous   Hot Topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

Computer
Volume 27, Number 2, February, 1994

                      Anonymous   President's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 5
                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 8
                 David J. Lilja   Exploiting the Parallelism Available in
                                  Loops  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13--26
                Oryal Tanir and   
                Suleyman Sevinc   Defining Requirements for a Standard
                                  Simulation Environment . . . . . . . . . 28--34
           Kenneth D. Shere and   
            Rachelle A. Carlson   A Methodology for Design, Test, and
                                  Evaluation of Real-Time Systems  . . . . 35--48
        Grace Baratta-Perez and   
            Richard L. Conn and   
         Charles A. Finnell and   
                Thomas J. Walsh   Ada System Dependency Analyzer tool  . . 49--55
            Fletcher J. Buckley   Implementing a Software Configuration
                                  Management Environment . . . . . . . . . 56--61
               Alan W. Biermann   Computer Science for the Many  . . . . . 62--73
                      Anonymous   Hot Topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
                      Anonymous   Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 27, Number 3, March, 1994

                      Anonymous   President's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 5
                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Hot Topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
                   Yale N. Patt   Guest Editor's Introduction: The I/O
                                  Subsystem --- A Candidate for
                                  Improvement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
                     Y. N. Patt   The I/O subsystem --- a candidate for
                                  improvement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--16
             Chris Ruemmler and   
                    John Wilkes   An Introduction to Disk Drive Modeling   17--28
          Gregory R. Ganger and   
       Bruce L. Worthington and   
              Robert Y. Hou and   
                   Yale N. Patt   Disk Arrays: High-Performance,
                                  High-Reliability Storage Subsystems  . . 30--36
        Ramakrishna Karedla and   
            J. Spencer Love and   
              Bradley G. Wherry   Caching Strategies to Improve Disk
                                  System Performance . . . . . . . . . . . 38--46
            Peter A. Steenkiste   A Systematic Approach to Host Interface
                                  Design for High-Speed Networks . . . . . 47--57
    Juan Miguel del Rosario and   
              Alok N. Choudhary   High-performance I/O for massively
                                  parallel computers: problems and
                                  prospects  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--68
      A. L. Narasimha Reddy and   
                James C. Wyllie   I/O issues in a multimedia system  . . . 69--74
              Orran Krieger and   
              Michael Stumm and   
                      Ron Unrau   The Alloc Stream Facility: A Redesign of
                                  Application-Level Stream I/O . . . . . . 75--82
            Joseph Pasquale and   
              Eric Anderson and   
                P. Keith Muller   Container Shipping: Operating System
                                  Support for I/O-Intensive Applications   84--93
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
                      Anonymous   Frameworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
                      Anonymous   Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

Computer
Volume 27, Number 4, April, 1994

                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
                      Anonymous   Software Challenges  . . . . . . . . . . 12
           Reza Rooholamini and   
        Vladimir Cherkassky and   
                    Mark Garver   Finding the Right ATM Switch for the
                                  Market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--28
       Michael R. Macedonia and   
             Donald P. Brutzman   MBone provides audio and video across
                                  the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--36
           George H. Forman and   
                  John Zahorjan   The Challenges of Mobile Computing . . . 38--47
           Robert D. Steele and   
                 Paul G. Backes   Ada and Real-Time Robotics: Lessons
                                  Learned  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--54
             Joseph M. Scandura   Converting Legacy Code into Ada: A
                                  Cognitive Approach . . . . . . . . . . . 55--61
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
                      Anonymous   Frameworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
                      Anonymous   Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Computer
Volume 27, Number 5, May, 1994

                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
                       C. Jones   Software challenges: the weakest link in
                                  the software engineering chain . . . . . 10--11
            James D. Palmer and   
                  N. Ann Fields   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Computer-Supported Cooperative Work  . . 15--17
                Jonathan Grudin   Computer-supported cooperative work:
                                  history and focus  . . . . . . . . . . . 19--26
            Walter Reinhard and   
            Jean Schweitzer and   
               Gerd Volksen and   
                  Michael Weber   CSCW Tools: Concepts and Architectures   28--36
            Richard Bentley and   
                 Tom Rodden and   
                Pete Sawyer and   
                Ian Sommerville   Architectural Support for Cooperative
                                  Multiuser Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . 37--46
                   Ivan Tou and   
              Steven Berson and   
              Gerald Estrin and   
            Yadran Eterovic and   
                       Elsie Wu   Prototyping Synchronous Group
                                  Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--56
                  Hsinchun Chen   Collaborative Systems: Solving the
                                  Vocabulary Problem . . . . . . . . . . . 58--66
            James D. Palmer and   
              N. Ann Fields and   
              Peggy Lane Brouse   Multigroup Decision-Support Systems in
                                  CSCW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--72
            Ting-Peng Liang and   
              Hsiangchu Lai and   
            Nian-Shing Chen and   
             Hungshiung Wei and   
                Meng Chang Chen   When client/server isn't enough:
                                  coordinating multiple distributed tasks  73--79
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
                        G. Blus   Standards: Public Windows Interface
                                  supporters aim to standardize leading
                                  desktop API  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92--93
                      Anonymous   Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Computer
Volume 27, Number 6, June, 1994

                      Anonymous   President's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 5
                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
                M. Srinivas and   
               Lalit M. Patnaik   Genetic Algorithms: A Survey . . . . . . 17--26
      Jose L. Ribeiro Filho and   
        Philip C. Treleaven and   
                  Cesare Alippi   Genetic-Algorithm Programming
                                  Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--43
             James E. Smith and   
                   Shlomo Weiss   PowerPC 601 and Alpha 21064: A Tale of
                                  Two RISCs  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46--58
                  Joseph Dvorak   Conceptual Entropy and Its Effect on
                                  Class Hierarchies  . . . . . . . . . . . 59--63
              Sanjaya Kumar and   
             James H. Aylor and   
           Barry W. Johnson and   
                    Wm. A. Wulf   Object-Oriented Techniques in Hardware
                                  Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--70
             Reino Kurki-Suonio   Real time: further misconceptions (or
                                  half-truths) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--76
                        CS News   New technical segment committee  . . . . 77
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   Software Challenges  . . . . . . . . . . 90
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Computer
Volume 27, Number 7, July, 1994

                      Anonymous   Treasurer's Message and Auditor's Report 5
                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 9
                      Anonymous   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . 12
                       M. Cheek   Industry Trends: 32-bit computing: road
                                  to confusion?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13--14
                Arie E. Kaufman   Guest Editor's Introduction:
                                  Visualization  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--19
              Ravi Samtaney and   
             Deborah Silver and   
             Norman Zabusky and   
                        Jim Cao   Visualizing Features and Tracking Their
                                  Evolution  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--27
              Vishwa Ranjan and   
                 Alain Fournier   Volume Models for Volumetric Data  . . . 28--36
               Vinod Anupam and   
           Chandrajit Bajaj and   
            Daniel Schikore and   
               Matthew Schikore   Distributed and Collaborative
                                  Visualization  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--43
        Jaswinder Pal Singh and   
                Anoop Gupta and   
                     Marc Levoy   Parallel Visualization Algorithms:
                                  Performance and Architectural
                                  Implications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--55
           William Ribarsky and   
                 Eric Ayers and   
                  John Eble and   
              Sougata Mukherjea   Glyphmaker: Creating Customized
                                  Visualizations of Complex Data . . . . . 57--64
         William L. Hibbard and   
              Brian E. Paul and   
            David A. Santek and   
            Charles R. Dyer and   
         Andre L. Battaiola and   
Marie-Françoise Voidrot-Martinez   Interactive visualization of Earth and
                                  space science computations . . . . . . . 65--72
           Andrew J. Hanson and   
             Tamara Munzner and   
                 George Francis   Interactive Methods for Visualizable
                                  Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--83
                  Al Globus and   
                    Eric Raible   Fourteen Ways to Say Nothing with
                                  Scientific Visualization . . . . . . . . 86--88
                    T. M. Rhyne   Hot Topics: Collaborative modeling and
                                  visualization: an EPA HPCC initiative    92--93
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
                       J. Alger   How to stop worrying and start loving
                                  C++. II  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104--106
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: Economics of
                                  software reuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106--107
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 27, Number 8, August, 1994

                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 5
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
              Rohit Chandra and   
                Anoop Gupta and   
               John L. Hennessy   COOL: An object-based language for
                                  parallel programming . . . . . . . . . . 13--26
                    Ben Lee and   
                   A. R. Hurson   Dataflow Architectures and
                                  Multithreading . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--39
                    Russ Miller   Special Report: The Status of Parallel
                                  Processing Education . . . . . . . . . . 40
                Don Coleman and   
                    Dan Ash and   
              Bruce Lowther and   
                      Paul Oman   Using Metrics to Evaluate Software
                                  System Maintainability . . . . . . . . . 44--49
         Norman F. Schneidewind   Validating metrics for ensuring Space
                                  Shuttle flight software quality  . . . . 50--57
                   Ted G. Lewis   Where Is Computing Headed? . . . . . . . 59--63
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
                      Anonymous   Software Challenges  . . . . . . . . . . 66
                      Anonymous   Hot Topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
                      Anonymous   Product Reveiws  . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Computer
Volume 27, Number 9, September, 1994

                      Anonymous   President's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 5
                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
      Taghi M. Khoshgoftaar and   
                      Paul Oman   Guest Editors' Introduction: Software
                                  Metrics  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
                Robert B. Grady   Successfully Applying Software Metrics   18--25
               Edward F. Weller   Using Metrics to Manage Software
                                  Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--33
           David L. Lanning and   
          Taghi M. Khoshgoftaar   Modeling the Relationship Between Source
                                  Code Complexity and Maintenance
                                  Difficulty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--40
               George Stark and   
            Robert C. Durst and   
                   C. W. Vowell   Using Metrics in Management Decision
                                  Making . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--48
          Daniel J. Paulish and   
              Anita D. Carleton   Case Studies of
                                  Software-Process-Improvement Measurement 50--57
           Joseph R. Horgan and   
                Saul London and   
                 Michael R. Lyu   Achieving Software Quality with Testing
                                  Coverage Measures  . . . . . . . . . . . 60--69
    Shari Lawrence Pfleeger and   
              Norman Fenton and   
                    Stella Page   Evaluating Software Engineering
                                  Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--79
                      Anonymous   CS News  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
                       R. Voigt   Standards: Evolving buses: backplane
                                  buses mature to keep pace with
                                  technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94--95
                D. Berleant and   
                     H. Berghel   Hot Topics: Customizing information. 1.
                                  Getting what we need, when we need it    96--98
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: Software metrics:
                                  good, bad and missing  . . . . . . . . . 98--100
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

Computer
Volume 27, Number 10, October, 1994

                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
            Alvin R. Lebeck and   
                  David A. Wood   Cache Profiling and the SPEC Benchmarks:
                                  A Case Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--26
                Ahmed Louri and   
                    Hongki Sung   3D Optical Interconnects for High-Speed
                                  Interchip and Interboard Communications  27--37
        Harold W. Thimbleby and   
              Stuart Inglis and   
                  Ian H. Witten   Displaying 3D Images: Algorithms for
                                  Single-Image Random-Dot Stereograms  . . 38--48
           Ronald J. Vetter and   
                Chris Spell and   
                   Charles Ward   Mosaic and the World Wide Web  . . . . . 49--57
            Joseph G. Skazinski   Porting Ada: A Report From the Field . . 58--64
               Nancy G. Leveson   High-Pressure Steam Engines and Computer
                                  Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--73
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Intellectual property
                                  protection: everything you've always
                                  wanted to know . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--75
                D. Berleant and   
                     H. Berghel   Hot Topics: Customizing information. 2.
                                  How successful are we so far?  . . . . . 76--78
                      Anonymous   Software Challenges  . . . . . . . . . . 79
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
                      Anonymous   Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Computer
Volume 27, Number 11, November, 1994

                      Anonymous   Editor-in Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 5
                       M. Snell   Industry Trends: Supercomputing: same
                                  name, different game . . . . . . . . . . 6--8
         Anargyros Krikelis and   
               Charles C. Weems   Guest Editors' Introduction: Associative
                                  Processing and Processors  . . . . . . . 12--17
               Jerry Potter and   
              Johnnie Baker and   
              Stephen Scott and   
              Arvind Bansal and   
       Chokchai Leangsuksun and   
              Chandra Asthagiri   ASC: An Associative-Computing Paradigm   19--25
                Kirk Twardowski   An Associative Architecture for Genetic
                                  Algorithm-Based Machine Learning . . . . 27--38
           Djamshid Tavangarian   Flag-Oriented Parallel Associative
                                  Architectures and Applications . . . . . 41--52
            Tetsuya Higuchi and   
             Kennichi Handa and   
            Naoto Takahashi and   
             Tatsumi Furuya and   
               Hitoshi Iida and   
                  E. Sumita and   
                      O. Oi and   
                      H. Kitano   The IXM2 Parallel Associative Processor
                                  for AI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--63
             Ahmed H. Louri and   
            James A. Hatch, Jr.   An Optical Associative Parallel
                                  Processor for High-Speed Database
                                  Processing. Theoretical Concepts and
                                  Experimental Results . . . . . . . . . . 65--72
                    Borko Furht   Parallel Computing: Glory and Collapse   74--75
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
                      Anonymous   Software Challenges  . . . . . . . . . . 79
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                    J. E. White   Hot Topics: Mobile agents make a network
                                  an open platform for third-party
                                  developers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--90
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Robo-Mop gets wrung out
                                  (software-related patents) . . . . . . . 91--92
                      Anonymous   Standards: Streamlining the standards
                                  development process  . . . . . . . . . . 93--94
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Computer
Volume 27, Number 12, December, 1994

                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
               Charles Rich and   
          Richard C. Waters and   
           Carol Strohecker and   
               Yves Schabes and   
         William T. Freeman and   
           Mark C. Torrance and   
          Andrew R. Golding and   
                    Michal Roth   Demonstration of an Interactive
                                  Multimedia Environment . . . . . . . . . 15--22
            Martin W. Sachs and   
               Avraham Leff and   
                 Denise Sevigny   LAN and I/O convergence: A survey of the
                                  issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24--32
               Thomas Gross and   
             Susan Hinrichs and   
        David R. O'Hallaron and   
            Thomas Stricker and   
               Atsushi Hasegawa   Communication Styles for Parallel
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--44
                        Al Gore   Innovation Delayed Is Innovation Denied  45--47
                Gay A. Wood and   
         Seymour E. Goodman and   
                       Jan Roos   Information Technologies in South
                                  Africa: Problems and Prospects . . . . . 48--56
                Mark Davies and   
             Kris Pettersen and   
         Shankar Srinivasen and   
              Katherine Kinsman   The Challenges of Designing Groupware: A
                                  Case Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58--62
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
                     S. Berczuk   Hot Topics: Finding solutions through
                                  pattern languages  . . . . . . . . . . . 75--76
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: Build, buy, or
                                  outsource? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--78
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Is the Patent Office
                                  correctly examining computer-related
                                  patent applications? Part 1  . . . . . . 78--79
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120


Computer
Volume 28, Number 1, January, 1995

                      Anonymous   President's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 5
                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Binary Critic  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
           Hossein Saiedian and   
                 Richard Kuzara   SEI Capability Maturity Model's Impact
                                  on Contractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--26
                Avigdor Gal and   
                   Opher Etzion   Maintaining Data-Driven Rules in
                                  Databases  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--38
          Nicholas Carriero and   
               Eric Freeman and   
            David Gelernter and   
                 David Kaminsky   Adaptive parallelism and Piranha . . . . 40--49
                 Mark Lomas and   
             Bruce Christianson   Remote booting in a hostile world: to
                                  whom am I speaking?  . . . . . . . . . . 50--54
                Robert L. Glass   In Search of Self-Belief: The ``BOP''
                                  Phenomenon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--57
          David J. Musliner and   
           James A. Hendler and   
          Ashok K. Agrawala and   
           Edmund H. Durfee and   
          Jay K. Strosnider and   
                     C. J. Paul   The Challenges of Real-Time AI . . . . . 58--66
               Alan H. Karp and   
              Michael Heath and   
                 Don Heller and   
                    Horst Simon   Special Report: 1994 Gordon Bell Prize
                                  Winners  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--74
                   Capers Jones   Software Challenges: How office space
                                  affects programming productivity . . . . 76--77
               Ronald J. Vetter   Hot Topics: Videoconferencing on the
                                  Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--79
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Is the Patent Office
                                  correctly examining computer-related
                                  patent applications? 2 . . . . . . . . . 93--94
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 28, Number 2, February, 1995

                      Anonymous   Binary Critic  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
           Apostolos Dollas and   
                Nick Kanopoulos   Guest Editors' Introduction: Reducing
                                  the Time to Market Through Rapid
                                  Prototyping  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--15
           Peter M. Athanas and   
                 A. Lynn Abbott   Real-Time Image Processing on a Custom
                                  Computing Platform . . . . . . . . . . . 16--24
         Luiz Andre Barroso and   
                 Sasan Iman and   
              Jaeheon Jeong and   
                 Koray Oner and   
              Michel Dubois and   
            Krishnan Ramamurthy   RPM: A Rapid Prototyping Engine for
                                  Multiprocessor Systems . . . . . . . . . 26--34
            Rudy Lauwereins and   
                Marc Engels and   
                Marleen Ade and   
             J. A. Peperstraete   Grape-II: a System-Level Prototyping
                                  Environment for DSP Applications . . . . 35--43
           Tarek Ben Ismail and   
            Ahmed Amine Jerraya   Synthesis Steps and Design Models for
                                  Codesign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--52
            Reid A. Baldwin and   
                Moon Jung Chung   A Formal Approach to Managing Design
                                  Processes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54--63
                  Niklaus Wirth   A Plea for Lean Software . . . . . . . . 64--68
              David A. Wood and   
                   Mark D. Hill   Cost-Effective Parallel Computing  . . . 69--72
                   Capers Jones   Software Challenges: Determining
                                  software schedules . . . . . . . . . . . 73--75
                      Anonymous   Hot Topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
               Mark A. Richards   Simulation libraries for system-level
                                  design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--77
                      Anonymous   Computer Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Computer
Volume 28, Number 3, March, 1995

                      Anonymous   Binary Critic  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
        Margaret M. Burnett and   
              David W. McIntyre   Guest Editors' Introduction: Visual
                                  Programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--16
        Alexander Repenning and   
                  Tamara Sumner   Agentsheets: A Medium for Creating
                                  Domain-Oriented Visual Languages . . . . 17--25
        Takayuki Dan Kimura and   
                  Ajay Apte and   
           Samudra Sengupta and   
                  Julie W. Chan   Form/formula: a visual programming
                                  paradigm for user-definable user
                                  interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--35
                   Gabor Karsai   A Configurable Visual Programming
                                  Environment: A Tool for Domain-Specific
                                  programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--44
        Margaret M. Burnett and   
             Marla J. Baker and   
               Carisa Bohus and   
               Paul Carlson and   
                Sherry Yang and   
                 Pieter van Zee   Scaling Up Visual Programming Languages  45--54
        Gennaro Costagliola and   
          Genoveffa Tortora and   
             Sergio Orefice and   
                Andrea De Lucia   Automatic Generation of Visual
                                  Programming Environments . . . . . . . . 56--66
               Richard M. Adler   Emerging Standards for Component
                                  Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--77
                     Ware Myers   Taligent's CommonPoint: The Promise of
                                  Objects  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--83
                    G. Bull and   
                   R. Geyer and   
                  D. Arkinn and   
                      C. Appert   Hot Topics: Current technologies in
                                  K--12 education  . . . . . . . . . . . . 84--85
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: Patterns of large
                                  software systems: failure and success    86--87
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
                   I. H. Donner   Computer law: GATT is gonna get ya!  . . 98--100
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
                      Anonymous   Media Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 28, Number 4, April, 1995

                      Anonymous   Binary Critic  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
               Richard M. Adler   Distributed Coordination Models for
                                  Client/Server Computing  . . . . . . . . 14--22
               Maya Gokhale and   
                Bill Holmes and   
                      Ken Iobst   Processing in memory: the Terasys
                                  massively parallel PIM array . . . . . . 23--31
         Margaret Martonosi and   
                Anoop Gupta and   
             Thomas E. Anderson   Tuning Memory Performance of Sequential
                                  and Parallel Programs  . . . . . . . . . 32--40
                      Alan Wood   Predicting Client/Server Availability    41--48
                   Ted G. Lewis   Where Is Client/Server Software Headed?  49--55
          Jonathan P. Bowen and   
             Michael G. Hinchey   Ten Commandments of Formal Methods . . . 56--63
             Fred W. Weingarten   Update: Federal research funding:
                                  reading the tea leaves . . . . . . . . . 64--65
                 Jorg Liebeherr   Hot Topics: Multimedia networks: issues
                                  and challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--69
                   Capers Jones   Software Challenges: Gaps in programming
                                  education  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--71
                 Irah H. Donner   Computer Law: Billings taxes Novell with
                                  a novel patent-infringement claim  . . . 72--73
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

Computer
Volume 28, Number 5, May, 1995

                       C. Blank   The FSN challenge: large-scale
                                  interactive TV . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--12
                Borko Furht and   
                Deven Kalra and   
        Frederick L. Kitson and   
        Arturo A. Rodriguez and   
                William E. Wall   Design issues for interactive television
                                  systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--39
           D. James Gemmell and   
             Harrick M. Vin and   
           Dilip D. Kandlur and   
           P. Venkat Rangan and   
               Lawrence A. Rowe   Multimedia storage servers: a tutorial   40--49
            Klara Nahrstedt and   
                 Ralf Steinmetz   Resource management in networked
                                  multimedia systems . . . . . . . . . . . 52--63
               Robert Simon and   
             Donald Krieger and   
                Taieb Znati and   
             Raymond Lofink and   
            Robert J. Sclabassi   Multimedia MedNet: a medical
                                  collaboration and consultation system    65--73
         Beverly Park Woolf and   
                     Wendy Hall   Multimedia pedagogues: interactive
                                  systems for teaching and learning  . . . 74--80
                   I. H. Donner   Be careful about disclosing your
                                  invention  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
                   C. G. Thomas   BASAR: a framework for integrating
                                  agents in the World Wide Web . . . . . . 84--86
                       C. Jones   Legal status of software engineering . . 98--99
               F. W. Weingarten   On-line access to government information 100--101

Computer
Volume 28, Number 6, June, 1995

                       T. Lewis   Binary Critic: Where the big money is    6--7
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
          John A. Stankovic and   
                Marco Spuri and   
            Marco Di Natale and   
            Giorgio C. Buttazzo   Implications of Classical Scheduling
                                  Results for Real-Time Systems  . . . . . 16--25
                Oryal Tanir and   
           Vinod K. Agarwal and   
                 P. C. P. Bhatt   A Specification-Driven Architectural
                                  Design Environment . . . . . . . . . . . 26--35
                Wade Walker and   
               Harvey G. Cragon   Interrupt Processing in Concurrent
                                  Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--46
           Jeffrey A. Clark and   
              Dhiraj K. Pradhan   Fault Injection: A Method for Validating
                                  Computer-System Dependability  . . . . . 47--56
                 Duane K. Boman   International Survey:
                                  Virtual-Environment Research . . . . . . 57--65
                    Larry Press   Resources for Networks in
                                  Less-Industrialized Nations  . . . . . . 66--71
              Beth A. Schroeder   On-Line Monitoring: A Tutorial . . . . . 72--78
                    S. Hamilton   Special Report: Evolving the HPCCI.
                                  Recommendations from the NRC/CSTB 1995
                                  Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79--81
                     P. Ram and   
                     D. K. Rand   Internet Kiosk: Satan: double-edged
                                  sword  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--83
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Patent or perish: the best
                                  defense is a good offense  . . . . . . . 84--85
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: Why is technology
                                  transfer so hard?  . . . . . . . . . . . 86--87
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
                      Anonymous   Technical Activity Forum . . . . . . . . 100
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 28, Number 7, July, 1995

                      Anonymous   Treasurer's and Auditor's Reports  . . . 5
                      Anonymous   Binary Critic  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
                  C. Bournellis   Industry Trends: CD-ROM technology takes
                                  off  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11--12
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 15
             David R. Pratt and   
               Michael Zyda and   
               Kristen Kelleher   Guest Editors' Introduction: Virtual
                                  Reality --- In the Mind of the Beholder  17--19
              John G. Goble and   
               Ken Hinckley and   
               Randy Pausch and   
              John W. Snell and   
                Neal F. Kassell   Two-Handed Spatial Interface Tools for
                                  Neurosurgical Planning . . . . . . . . . 20--26
            Larry F. Hodges and   
                 Rob Kooper and   
            Thomas C. Meyer and   
        Barbara O. Rothbaum and   
                 Dan Opdyke and   
      Johannes J. de Graaff and   
         James S. Williford and   
                   Max M. North   Virtual Environments for Treating the
                                  Fear of Heights  . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--34
                   Jon Kuhl and   
              Douglas Evans and   
            Yiannis Papelis and   
             Richard Romano and   
                  Ginger Watson   The Iowa Driving Simulator: an immersive
                                  research environment . . . . . . . . . . 35--41
            Wolfgang Kruger and   
          Christian-A. Bohn and   
             Bernd Frohlich and   
            Heinrich Schuth and   
           Wolfgang Strauss and   
                  Gerold Wesche   The Responsive Workbench: A Virtual Work
                                  Environment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--48
        Thomas W. Mastaglio and   
                Robert Callahan   A Large-Scale Complex Virtual
                                  Environment for Team Training  . . . . . 49--56
           Michael F. Polis and   
         Stephen J. Gifford and   
          David M. McKeown, Jr.   Automating the Construction of
                                  Large-Scale Virtual Worlds . . . . . . . 57--65
                      Anonymous   IEEE-CS Membership Application . . . . . 64A
                Ralph E. Gomory   National Productivity and Computers  . . 66--72
                M. T. Bolas and   
                I. McDowall and   
                        R. Mead   Hot Topics: Applications drive VR
                                  interface selection  . . . . . . . . . . 72--75
             Fred W. Weingarten   Update: Sole source for science funding:
                                  Yea or Nay? ENIAC computer co-inventor
                                  J. Presper Eckert dies . . . . . . . . . 76--78
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum . . . . . . . 80
                      Anonymous   Software Challenges  . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index and Reader
                                  Service Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   Product Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Intellectual property
                                  protection for multimedia applications.
                                  1. So many flavors, so little time . . . 92--93
                    T.-M. Rhyne   Internet Kiosk: Scientific visualization
                                  and technology transfer: an EPA case
                                  study  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94--96
                      Anonymous   Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 98
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 102
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Computer
Volume 28, Number 8, August, 1995

                      Anonymous   Binary Critic --- Windows 95: Next step
                                  to desktop NT? . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
                  Ted Lewis and   
                 Dave Power and   
             Bertrand Meyer and   
                Jack Grimes and   
                 Mike Potel and   
                 Ron Vetter and   
              Phil Laplante and   
              Wolfgang Pree and   
           Gustav Pomberger and   
                  Mark Hill and   
                James Larus and   
                 David Wood and   
           Hesham El-Rewini and   
                 Bruce W. Weide   Where Is Software Headed? A Virtual
                                  Roundtable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--32
                 Ran Giladi and   
                     Niv Ahituv   SPEC as a Performance Evaluation Measure 33--42
   Anneliese von Mayrhauser and   
                  A. Marie Vans   Program Comprehension During Software
                                  Maintenance and Evolution  . . . . . . . 44--55
       Vladimir Estivill-Castro   Computer science research in Mexico  . . 56--62
         Kenneth L. Kraemer and   
                  Jason Dedrick   From Nationalism to Pragmatism: IT
                                  Policy in China  . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--73
              Shahid H. Bokhari   The Linux Operating System . . . . . . . 74--79
                      J. Murray   Of deck chairs, suits, and quiz shows
                                  (Internet) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--81
                   C. Severance   Standards: The value of the formal
                                  standards process  . . . . . . . . . . . 82--83
                   Capers Jones   Software Challenges: What goes into an
                                  information warehouse? . . . . . . . . . 84--85
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum --- Parallel
                                  Processing TC: Status and activities . . 86
                  Clint Jurgens   Hot Topics: Fibre Channel: a connection
                                  to the future  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--90
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews --- C++ class libraries,
                                  Part 2; virtual Unix for PCs . . . . . . 91
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Intellectual property
                                  protection for multimedia application.
                                  2. Putting the pieces together . . . . . 99--100
                      Anonymous   Update --- Software engineers surveyed;
                                  mythical man-month . . . . . . . . . . . 100

Computer
Volume 28, Number 9, September, 1995

                 Irah H. Donner   Letters to the Editor: The purpose of
                                  patents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--6
                  Marilyn Potes   The \em Computer 100 . . . . . . . . . . 6--7
                       T. Lewis   Living in real time, side A (What is the
                                  Info Age?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--10
                   Erin English   Industry Trends: Groupware makes its
                                  market move  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11--14
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 16--17
         Venkat N. Gudivada and   
              Vijay V. Raghavan   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Content-Based Image Retrieval Systems    18--22
             Myron Flickner and   
           Harpreet Sawhney and   
              Wayne Niblack and   
            Jonathan Ashley and   
                 Qian Huang and   
                  Byron Dom and   
             Monika Gorkani and   
                 Jim Hafner and   
                  Denis Lee and   
          Dragutin Petkovic and   
               David Steele and   
                   Peter Yanker   Query by Image and Video Content: The
                                  QBIC System  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--32
                 Anne Brink and   
              Sherry Marcus and   
             V. S. Subrahmanian   Heterogeneous Multimedia Reasoning . . . 33--39
           Virginia E. Ogle and   
            Michael Stonebraker   Chabot: Retrieval from a Relational
                                  Database of Images . . . . . . . . . . . 40--48
              Rohini K. Srihari   Automatic Indexing and Content-Based
                                  Retrieval of Captioned Images  . . . . . 49--56
             Rajiv Mehrotra and   
                  James E. Gary   Similar-Shape Retrieval In Shape Data
                                  Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57--62
                     H. Berghel   Internet Kiosk: Using the WWW Test
                                  Pattern to check HTML client compliance  63--65
                   C. Severance   Standards: What is a profile? (computer
                                  standards) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
                   I. H. Donnar   Computer Law: Photocopyright
                                  infringement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--68
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: End-user
                                  programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--70
                 Michael Israel   Technical Activities Forum: Design
                                  Automation Technical Committee . . . . . 71--72
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society Election: Nominees
                                  for Computer Society office and Board of
                                  Governors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--82
             Fred W. Weingarten   Update: Office of Technology Assessment
                                  to be abolished  . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--84
                  Alex Stoyenko   Hot Topics: Engineering complex computer
                                  systems: A challenge for computer types
                                  everywhere. Part I: Let's agree on what
                                  these systems are  . . . . . . . . . . . 85--86
               Richard Eckhouse   Product Reviews: Windows 95: A preview   89--91
            David C. Sastry and   
            Cristian P. Masgras   A paperless office?  . . . . . . . . . . 92--93
                    John Cratty   Delphi: Visual programming in action . . 93--95
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 100--107
                 Paul Carpenter   The Open Channel: Never mind the
                                  functionality, look at the graphics! A
                                  cautionary tale  . . . . . . . . . . . . 112--112

Computer
Volume 28, Number 10, October, 1995

                      Anonymous   Letters to the Editor: Windows 95  . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Living in real time, side B (Where will
                                  the brain power come from?)  . . . . . . 8--10
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: TCP/IP update . . . . . 12
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 16
             Sowmitri Swamy and   
               Arthur Molin and   
                    Burt Covnot   OO-VHDL. Object-oriented extensions to
                                  VHDL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--26
           Judith D. Ahrens and   
                 Noah S. Prywes   Transition to a legacy- and reuse-based
                                  software life cycle  . . . . . . . . . . 27--36
        Prithviraj Banerjee and   
             John A. Chandy and   
               Manish Gupta and   
        Eugene W. Hodges IV and   
               John G. Holm and   
               Antonio Lain and   
          Daniel J. Palermo and   
          Shankar Ramaswamy and   
                     Ernesto Su   The Paradigm compiler for
                                  distributed-memory multicomputers  . . . 37--47
              Emdad H. Khan and   
           Mansoor Al-A'ali and   
                Moheb R. Girgis   Object-Oriented Programming for
                                  Structured Procedural Programmers  . . . 48--57
           Hesham El-Rewini and   
                 Scott Hamilton   Object Technology: A Virtual Roundtable  58--59
              Yen-Ping Shan and   
                Ralph Earle and   
                 Skip McGaughey   Distributed Objects: Rounding out the
                                  Picture: Objects Across the
                                  Client-Server Spectrum . . . . . . . . . 60--60
           Abdelsalam Helal and   
                Ran Badrachalam   Distributed Objects: COM versus CORBA:
                                  Will Microsoft Come Out on Top?  . . . . 61--62
                Andrew A. Chien   Parallelism and Objects: Scalable
                                  Parallel Systems $?=?$ Scalable Object
                                  Request Brokers  . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--63
                Andrew Grimshaw   Parallelism and Objects: Parallel
                                  Processing and OT  . . . . . . . . . . . 63--64
                   Byung S. Lee   Object Databases: Object-Oriented
                                  Databases: Systems and Standards . . . . 64--65
                 Andrew E. Wade   Object Databases: Where are Object
                                  Databases Headed?  . . . . . . . . . . . 65--66
                     Dave Morse   Object Databases: OODBSs and the
                                  Marriage of Network and Relational
                                  Database Models  . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--67
           Ahmed Elmagarmid and   
              Evaggelia Pitoura   Object Databases: Using Object
                                  Technology for Database System
                                  Integration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--68
                  Robert Binder   Software Quality and Object Orientation:
                                  Trends in Testing Object-Oriented
                                  Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--69
                   Peter Wegner   Theoretical Foundations: Interactive
                                  Foundations of Object-Based Programming  70--72
            Judith Gal-Ezer and   
              Catriel Beeri and   
                David Harel and   
                 Amiram Yehudai   A High School Program in Computer
                                  Science  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--80
                      Anonymous   IEEE-CS Membership Application . . . . . 80A
                      Anonymous   Intel's teraflop computer  . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   TV standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Ground rules for software
                                  maintenance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84--85
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum: Computer
                                  Architecture TC  . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
                      Anonymous   OOAD tools, part III . . . . . . . . . . 87
                      Anonymous   Perl on the Net  . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
                      Anonymous   Product Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index and Reader
                                  Service Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
                     J. L. Hill   Standards: Publicly available
                                  specification. A new paradigm for
                                  developing international standards . . . 97--98
                    R. Oppliger   Internet Kiosk: Internet security enters
                                  the Middle Ages  . . . . . . . . . . . . 100--101
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: Software
                                  benchmarking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102--103
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 104
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 111
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: Miss Manners looks at
                                  netiquette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 28, Number 11, November, 1995

                      Anonymous   Letters to the Editor: Where Is Software
                                  Headed?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
                       T. Lewis   Binary Critic: HP means high-powered:
                                  FutureBusiness, side A . . . . . . . . . 6--8
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: Security still lacking
                                  in SNMP upgrade  . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 14
          Cherri M. Pancake and   
        Margaret L. Simmons and   
                   Jerry C. Yan   Guest Editors' Introduction: Performance
                                  Evaluation Tools for Parallel and
                                  Distributed Systems  . . . . . . . . . . 16--19
           Michael T. Heath and   
            Allen D. Malony and   
                 Diane T. Rover   The Visual Display of Parallel
                                  Performance Data . . . . . . . . . . . . 21--28
                   Hank Jakiela   Performance Visualization of a
                                  Distributed System: A Case Study . . . . 30--36
           Barton P. Miller and   
          Mark D. Callaghan and   
       Jonathan M. Cargille and   
   Jeffrey K. Hollingsworth and   
             R. Bruce Irvin and   
         Karen L. Karavanic and   
     Krishna Kunchithapadam and   
                    Tia Newhall   The Paradyn Parallel Performance
                                  Measurement Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--46
               Thomas Fahringer   Estimating and Optimizing Performance
                                  for Parallel Programs  . . . . . . . . . 47--56
             Daniel A. Reed and   
           Keith A. Shields and   
            Will H. Scullin and   
             Luis F. Tavera and   
          Christopher L. Elford   Virtual Reality and Parallel Systems
                                  Performance Analysis . . . . . . . . . . 57--67
                      Anonymous   IEEE-CS Membership Application . . . . . 64A
             Thomas T. Kwan and   
          Robert E. McGrath and   
                 Daniel A. Reed   NCSA's World Wide Web Server: Design and
                                  Performance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--74
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews: QNX operating system    75
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index and Reader
                                  Service Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
                    Bob Carlson   Update: A jolt of Java could shake up
                                  the computing community  . . . . . . . . 81--82
                D. Berleant and   
                         B. Liu   Internet Kiosk: Robert's rules of order
                                  for e-mail meetings  . . . . . . . . . . 84--85
                      Anonymous   Computer Law: Hazards in Internet
                                  software exchange  . . . . . . . . . . . 86
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: Backfiring:
                                  converting lines of code to function
                                  points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87--88
                       R. Singh   The Software Life Cycle Processes
                                  standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--90
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum:
                                  Computer-generated music . . . . . . . . 91
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 93
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 100
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: Candidates for change? . . 112

Computer
Volume 28, Number 12, December, 1995

                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message: The real
                                  world of computing . . . . . . . . . . . 5
                      Anonymous   IEEE-CS Membership Application . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Binary Critic: The Nethead Gang  . . . . 8
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: The dawning of the
                                  single-chip age  . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 14
            Germinal Boloix and   
            Pierre N. Robillard   A Software System Evaluation Framework   17--26
           Hesham El-Rewini and   
              Hesham H. Ali and   
                      Ted Lewis   Task Scheduling in Multiprocessing
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--37
         Philip K. McKinley and   
               Yih-jia Tsai and   
              David F. Robinson   Collective Communication in
                                  Wormhole-Routed Massively Parallel
                                  Computers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--50
         Christopher H. Nevison   Parallel Computing in the Undergraduate
                                  Curriculum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--56
              Trung A. Diep and   
                 John Paul Shen   VMW: A Visualization-Based
                                  Microarchitecture Workbench  . . . . . . 57--64
                      Anonymous   Internet Kiosk: Computer-controlled
                                  devices reach the Internet . . . . . . . 66
            Ilija Ekmeci\'c and   
              Igor Tartalja and   
           Veljko Milutinovi\'c   EM$^3$: a taxonomy of heterogeneous
                                  computing systems  . . . . . . . . . . . 68--70
                     Mehbub Ali   Product Reviews: A Better way to state
                                  it . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--74
            Cristian P. Masgras   Product Reviews: TimingDesigner Version
                                  3.0, Professional Edition  . . . . . . . 74--76
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index and Reader
                                  Service Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
                      Anonymous   Election results . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
                      Anonymous   Update: Supercomputer Centers  . . . . . 81
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: The Info Age law firm  . . 86--87
                      Anonymous   Software Challenges: How software
                                  personnel learn new skills . . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   PAMITC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum:
                                  Fault-tolerant computing TC  . . . . . . 90
                      T. Wright   Standards: A case for symmetrical
                                  bandwidth  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--94
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 95
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 106
                      Anonymous   1995 Annual Index  . . . . . . . . . . . 124--135
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: Computer science or simply
                                  `computics'? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136


Computer
Volume 29, Number 1, January, 1996

                      Anonymous   President's Message: On the importance
                                  of turning 50  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Looking back: Yearlong celebration
                                  begins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Computer business or
                                  monopoly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--13
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: Enterprise management
                                  on NT  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 17
          Michael L. Rhodes and   
           Douglas D. Robertson   Guest Editors' Introduction: Computers
                                  in Surgery and Therapeutic Procedures    20--23
           K. H. Höhne and   
          Bernhard Pflesser and   
            Andreas Pommert and   
              Martin Riemer and   
           Thomas Schiemann and   
            Rainer Schubert and   
                      Ulf Tiede   A `Virtual Body' Model for Surgical
                                  Education and Rehearsal  . . . . . . . . 25--31
        Gary E. Christensen and   
          Michael I. Miller and   
         Michael W. Vannier and   
                  Ulf Grenander   Individualizing neuro-anatomical atlases
                                  using a massively parallel computer  . . 32--38
            Richard A. Robb and   
           Dennis P. Hanson and   
                    Jon J. Camp   Computer-Aided Surgery Planning and
                                  Rehearsal at Mayo Clinic . . . . . . . . 39--47
               Ludwig Adams and   
              Achim Knepper and   
     Dietrich Meyer-Ebrecht and   
               Rainer Ruger and   
            Willem van der Brug   An Optical Navigator for Brain Surgery   48--54
      Meiyappan Solaiyappan and   
                 Tim Poston and   
             Pheng Ann Heng and   
          Elliot R. McVeigh and   
         Michael A. Guttman and   
              Elias A. Zerhouni   Interactive Visualization for Rapid
                                  Noninvasive Cardiac Assessment . . . . . 55--62
          Elliot K. Fishman and   
            Brian S. Kuszyk and   
             David G. Heath and   
                 Luomin Gao and   
                   Brian Cabral   Surgical Planning for Liver Resection    64--72
                      Anonymous   IEEE-CS Membership Application . . . . . 72
              Gregory A. Hansen   Simulating Software Development
                                  Processes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--77
               Alan H. Karp and   
              Michael Heath and   
                       Al Geist   1995 Gordon Bell Prize Winners . . . . . 79--85
                 Bertrand Meyer   Object Technology: The conceptual
                                  perspective  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86--88
                      Anonymous   Update: IEEE fellows; HPCC . . . . . . . 88
           David A. Koester and   
            Karen W. Markus and   
                Mark D. Walters   Hot Topics: MEMS: small machines for the
                                  microelectronics age . . . . . . . . . . 93--94
                   Capers Jones   Software Challenges: The economics of
                                  process improvement  . . . . . . . . . . 95--97
                      Anonymous   Product Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews: IMSL C Numerical
                                  Libraries; DT3155 frame grabber  . . . . 100
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index and Reader
                                  Service Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
                       J. Isaak   Standards: Standards for the information
                                  infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--106
                   T. M. Ciolek   Internet Kiosk: Today's WWW ---
                                  Tomorrow's MMM? The specter of
                                  multi-media mediocrity . . . . . . . . . 106--108
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum: Simulation
                                  TC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
                      W. Galkin   Names on the Net, e-mail in court, and
                                  trade secrets for hire . . . . . . . . . 110--111
                      Anonymous   Computer Law: Electronic Computer Law
                                  Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 112
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 129
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: Wheelchairs for the brain  136

Computer
Volume 29, Number 2, February, 1996

                      Anonymous   looking.back: February in computing
                                  history  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Binary Critic: The network computer
                                  phenomena  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
                      Anonymous   Gigabit Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: Immigration issue . . . 10
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 14
             Cristiana Amza and   
                Alan L. Cox and   
          Sandhya Dwarkadas and   
               Pete Keleher and   
                 Honghui Lu and   
      Ramakrishnan Rajamony and   
                  Weimin Yu and   
               Willy Zwaenepoel   TreadMarks: shared memory computing on
                                  networks of workstations . . . . . . . . 18--28
              Jakob Nielsen and   
              Jan Maurits Faber   Improving System Usability Through
                                  Parallel Design  . . . . . . . . . . . . 29--35
             Ravi S. Sandhu and   
            Edward J. Coyne and   
           Hal L. Feinstein and   
              Charles E. Youman   Role-Based Access Control Models . . . . 38--47
              Michel Raynal and   
                 Mukesh Singhal   Logical Time: Capturing Causality in
                                  Distributed Systems  . . . . . . . . . . 49--56
             David Lorge Parnas   Why Software Jewels Are Rare . . . . . . 57--60
               Philippe Desfray   Automated Object Design: The
                                  Client-Server Case . . . . . . . . . . . 62--66
                      Anonymous   CS election schedules and awards . . . . 68
                      Anonymous   Mills, Zuse die  . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
                      Anonymous   Update: Indecency on the Net . . . . . . 68
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum: TC on
                                  Operating Systems and Application
                                  Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
                 Bertrand Meyer   Object Technology: The reusability
                                  challenge  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--78
           Algirdas Pakstas and   
               Sonata Pakstiene   Standards: NSK: A Norwegian cryptochip
                                  for supersafe communications . . . . . . 78--79
                   Capers Jones   Software Challenges: Software change
                                  management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--82
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews: ObjectSystems 1.1.0;
                                  Boca Office Communicator . . . . . . . . 85
                      Anonymous   Internet Kiosk: Community nets . . . . . 92
                      Anonymous   Computer Law: For whom the Bomb tolls    94
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 97
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: A consultant's Ten
                                  Commandments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 29, Number 3, March, 1996

                      Anonymous   looking.back: March in computing history 6
                      Anonymous   Editor-in-Chief's Message  . . . . . . . 8
                       T. Lewis   Binary Critic: The big software chill    12--14
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: Virtual reality and the
                                  Internet; PC cluster specification . . . 16
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 20
                      Anonymous   IEEE-CS Membership Application . . . . . 22
              Sankar K. Pal and   
              Pradip K. Srimani   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Neurocomputing: Motivation, Models, and
                                  Hybridization  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24--28
               Anil K. Jain and   
              Jianchang Mao and   
                K. M. Mohiuddin   Artificial Neural Networks: A Tutorial   31--44
                   Yi Shang and   
                Benjamin W. Wah   Global Optimization for Neural Network
                                  Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--54
           Nikola B. Serbedzija   Simulating Artificial Neural Networks on
                                  Parallel Architectures . . . . . . . . . 56--63
               Chew Lim Tan and   
             Tong Seng Quah and   
                  Hoon Heng Teh   An Artificial Neural Network that Models
                                  Human Decision Making  . . . . . . . . . 64--70
               Rudy Setiono and   
                       Huan Liu   Symbolic Representation of Neural
                                  Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--77
             John Wawrzynek and   
             Krste Asanovic and   
            Brian Kingsbury and   
              David Johnson and   
                 James Beck and   
                  Nelson Morgan   Spert-II: A Vector Microprocessor System 79--86
                   James Do and   
             Phan Dinh Dieu and   
             Seymour E. Goodman   Vietnam: Information Technology for the
                                  Transition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--94
               Erin English and   
                 Scott Hamilton   Network Security Under Siege: The Timing
                                  Attack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95--97
                      Anonymous   Update: Ship named for Grace Hopper;
                                  microprocessor history . . . . . . . . . 99
                      Anonymous   Standards: Standards' role in technology
                                  transition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index and Reader
                                  Service Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews: DSPCard-C31; Norton
                                  Utilities for Windows 95 . . . . . . . . 105
            James C. McKim, Jr.   Object Technology: Programming by
                                  contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109--111
                    D. M. Nicol   Internet Kiosk: Conference program
                                  management using the Internet  . . . . . 112--113
               K. W. Bowyer and   
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Practicing ``safe''
                                  engineering  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114--115
                   Capers Jones   Software Challenges: By popular demand:
                                  Software estimating rules of thumb . . . 116--118
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum: Security and
                                  Privacy TC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 121
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 126
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: A few (proposed)
                                  fundamental laws of programming  . . . . 136

Computer
Volume 29, Number 4, April, 1996

                      Anonymous   Looking back: April in computing history 6
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: The limits of innovation  7--9
                   Erin English   Industry Trends: Users don't want to get
                                  burned in red-hot firewall market  . . . 10--12
               Hossein Saiedian   An Invitation to Formal Methods  . . . . 16--17
         Michael G. Hinchey and   
              Jonathan P. Bowen   Formal Methods: Point-Counterpoint: To
                                  Formalize or Not To Formalize? . . . . . 18--19
                Robert L. Glass   Formal Methods: Point-Counterpoint:
                                  Formal Methods are a Surrogate for a
                                  More Serios Software Concern . . . . . . 19--19
                 Cliff B. Jones   Formal Methods Light: A Rigorous
                                  Approach to Formal Methods . . . . . . . 20--21
             Daniel Jackson and   
                 Jeannette Wing   Formal Methods Light: Lightweight Formal
                                  Methods  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21--22
                   Anthony Hall   Industrial Practice: What is the Formal
                                  Methods Debate Anyway? . . . . . . . . . 22--23
              David L. Dill and   
                    John Rushby   Industrial Practice: Acceptance of
                                  Formal Methods: Lessons from Hardware
                                  Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--24
        C. Michael Holloway and   
                Ricky W. Butler   Industrial Practice: Impediments to
                                  Industrial Use of Formal Methods . . . . 25--26
                    Pamela Zave   Industrial Practice: Formal Methods are
                                  Research, Not Development  . . . . . . . 26--27
                Michael J. Lutz   Engineering Mathematics: Consumable
                                  Mathematics for Software Engineers . . . 27--28
                David L. Parnas   Engineering Mathematics: Mathematical
                                  Methods: What We Need and Don't Need . . 28--29
                    David Gries   Education: The Need for Education in
                                  Useful Formal Logic  . . . . . . . . . . 29--30
                Thomas Ball and   
                Stephen G. Eick   Software Visualization in the Large  . . 33--43
               Ranga Vemuri and   
               Ram Mandayam and   
                   Vijay Meduri   Performance Modeling Using PDL . . . . . 44--53
                 Fritz H. Grupe   Computoons: The Evolving Image of
                                  Computers in Cartoons  . . . . . . . . . 55--62
                      Ted Lewis   The Next $10,000_2$ Years: Part I  . . . 64--70
                     Ware Myers   On the Road to the Information
                                  Superhighway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
                      Anonymous   Update: Universal service in the
                                  Information Age  . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews: System Commander and
                                  Partition Magic  . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
    Brian Henderson-Sellers and   
                     Ian Graham   Object Technology: OPEN: toward method
                                  convergence? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86--89
                      Anonymous   Computer Law: Copyrighted materials on
                                  bulletin boards  . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
                     C. Neumann   Internet Kiosk: Enabling commerce on the
                                  Net  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91--92
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: Software
                                  defect-removal efficiency  . . . . . . . 94--95
                      Anonymous   Standards: New standards-development
                                  model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum: Youth Forum
                                  in Computer Science and Engineering  . . 97
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: New solutions for new
                                  technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Computer
Volume 29, Number 5, May, 1996

                      Anonymous   Looking.back: May in computing history   6
                      Anonymous   Binary Critic: Is it too late for Apple
                                  Computer?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 10--12
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: Looking into the
                                  PowerPC's future . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 16--17
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 18
               Bruce Schatz and   
                  Hsinchun Chen   Guest Editors' Introduction: Building
                                  Large-Scale Digital Libraries  . . . . . 22--26
               Bruce Schatz and   
          William H. Mischo and   
            Timothy W. Cole and   
           Joseph B. Hardin and   
              Ann P. Bishop and   
                  Hsinchun Chen   Federating Diverse Collections of
                                  Scientific Literature  . . . . . . . . . 28--36
                Robert Wilensky   Toward Work-Centered Digital Information
                                  Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--44
          Howard D. Wactlar and   
               Takeo Kanade and   
           Michael A. Smith and   
               Scott M. Stevens   Intelligent access to digital video:
                                  Informedia project . . . . . . . . . . . 46--52
           Terence R. Smith and   
               Dan Andresen and   
               Larry Carver and   
                  Ron Dolin and   
          Christoph Frisher and   
                 James Frew and   
          Michael Goodchild and   
               Oscar Ibarra and   
            Randall B. Kemp and   
               Ravi Kothuri and   
             Mary Larsgaard and   
     Bangalore S. Manjunath and   
                Doug Nebert and   
              Jason Simpson and   
                 Alex Wells and   
                   Tao Yang and   
                       Qi Zheng   A Digital Library for Geographically
                                  Referenced Materials . . . . . . . . . . 54--60
            Andreas Paepcke and   
           Steve B. Cousins and   
       Hector Garcia-Molina and   
            Scott W. Hassan and   
         Steven P. Ketchpel and   
          Martin Roscheisen and   
                 Terry Winograd   Using Distributed Objects for Digital
                                  Library Interoperability . . . . . . . . 61--68
           Daniel E. Atkins and   
      William P. Birmingham and   
           Edmund H. Durfee and   
             Eric J. Glover and   
               Tracy Mullen and   
      Elke A. Rundensteiner and   
             Elliot Soloway and   
              Jose M. Vidal and   
              Raven Wallace and   
             Michael P. Wellman   Toward Inquiry-Based Education Through
                                  Interacting Software Agents  . . . . . . 69--76
                      Ted Lewis   The Next $10,000_2$ Years: Part II . . . 78--86
                John Keaton and   
                 Scott Hamilton   Employment 2005: Boom or Bust for
                                  Computer Professionals?  . . . . . . . . 87--98
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
                   Capers Jones   Software Challenges: Activity based
                                  software costing . . . . . . . . . . . . 103--104
                 Bertrand Meyer   Object Technology: The many faces of
                                  inheritance: a taxonomy of taxonomy  . . 105--108
           Steven G. Tepper and   
                 Irah H. Donner   Computer Law: IPOs, part I: preparation
                                  is the key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108--110
                Matthew Ferrens   Technical Activities Forum:
                                  Microprogramming and microarchitecture   111
                Terry Krile and   
                 Paul Juell and   
                     Ron Vetter   Internet Kiosk: Pioneering on the new
                                  frontiers of education . . . . . . . . . 112--114
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 128
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136

Computer
Volume 29, Number 6, June, 1996

                      Anonymous   Looking back . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                    Ken Roberts   What's wrong with Java? (discussion of
                                  the February 1996 article, The NC
                                  phenomena: scenes from your living room) 8--9
                      Anonymous   Binary Critic  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 26
          Donald R. Gentner and   
                Jonathan Grudin   Design Models for Computer-Human
                                  Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--35
           Mark S. Ackerman and   
                    Brian Starr   Social Activity Indicators for Groupware 37--42
    Günter Böckle and   
         Hermann Hellwagner and   
              Roland Lepold and   
               Gerd Sandweg and   
   Burghardt Schallenberger and   
               Raimar Thudt and   
                Stefan Wallstab   Structured Evaluation of Computer
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--51
          Richard R. Brooks and   
           S. Sitharama Iyengar   Robust Distributed Computing and Sensing
                                  Algorithm  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--60
                  Gary M. Rader   Creating Printed Music Automatically . . 61--68
              Rajeev Thakur and   
             Alok Choudhary and   
          Rajesh Bordawekar and   
                Sachin More and   
     Sivaramakrishna Kuditipudi   Passion: optimized I/O for parallel
                                  applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--78
        Patricia J. Douglas and   
          George M. Alliger and   
                Robert Goldberg   Computing Practices: Refining the
                                  Curriculum: Client-server and
                                  object-oriented training . . . . . . . . 80--84
                        R. Jain   Update: From content-based retrieval to
                                  invisible telepresence . . . . . . . . . 85--86
                      Jim Isaak   A call for standards for portable Web
                                  applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--90
               S. G. Tepper and   
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: IPOs. II. Getting the
                                  corporate house in order . . . . . . . . 90--91
                       C. Jones   Software Challenges: Strategies for
                                  managing requirements creep  . . . . . . 92--94
                      Anonymous   Object Technology  . . . . . . . . . . . 95
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum . . . . . . . 99
                S. L. Garfinkel   Internet Kiosk: Public key cryptography  101--104
                      Anonymous   New Products: UML and Java go Platinum   104--106
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 113
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 29, Number 7, July, 1996

                      Anonymous   Looking back: July in computing history  6
                      Anonymous   Treasurer's and Auditor's Report . . . . 8
                       T. Lewis   Binary Critic: Alice in Wired World:
                                  wonderland or wasteland? . . . . . . . . 17--19
               Thomas Kaneshige   Industry Trends: Cyberwar; Clipper chip;
                                  Network Computers  . . . . . . . . . . . 20--23
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 24
            Bill Z. Manaris and   
                Brian M. Slator   Interactive Natural Language Processing:
                                  Building on Success  . . . . . . . . . . 28--32
                Paul Martin and   
           Frederick Crabbe and   
               Stuart Adams and   
                 Eric Baatz and   
             Nicole Yankelovich   SpeechActs: A Spoken-Language Framework  33--40
                    Alex Waibel   Interactive Translation of
                                  Conversational Speech  . . . . . . . . . 41--48
               Cecile Paris and   
            Keith Vander Linden   An Interactive Support Tool for Writing
                                  Multilingual Manuals . . . . . . . . . . 49--56
      Svetlana Sheremetyeva and   
               Sergei Nirenburg   Knowledge Elicitation for Authoring
                                  Patent Claims  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57--63
             Stefan Wermter and   
                   Volker Weber   Interactive Spoken-Language Processing
                                  in a Hybrid Connectionist System . . . . 65--74
           Johanna D. Moore and   
                Vibhu O. Mittal   Dynamically Generated Follow-up
                                  Questions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75--86
                     Ware Myers   On Trial at the Summer Olympic Games:
                                  Smart Cards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--91
                      Anonymous   Update: Computer Society Elections . . . 92
                      A. Geraci   Standards: The Computer Dictionary
                                  Project: an update . . . . . . . . . . . 95
                       B. Meyer   Object Technology: Reality: a cousin
                                  twice removed  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96--97
                   I. H. Donner   Computer Law: Will your IP protection
                                  provide the protection you expect  . . . 98
              R. A. Onvural and   
                  V. Srinivasan   Technical Activities Forum: Computer
                                  Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--100
                 H. Berghel and   
                    L. O'Gorman   Internet Kiosk: Protecting ownership
                                  rights through digital watermarking  . . 101--103
                 Dileep Krishna   Product Reviews: Café: the Right Place
                                  for Java . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104--108
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 113
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: Are comparative analyses
                                  worthwhile?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Computer
Volume 29, Number 8, August, 1996

                      Anonymous   looking.back: August in computing
                                  history  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Editor's Message . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
           Craig Cleaveland and   
                      Ted Lewis   Letters to the Editor: What's Wrong with
                                  the Binary Critic? . . . . . . . . . . . 10--11
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Software architectures:
                                  Divine plan of digital Darwinism?  . . . 13--15
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22
                 Edward Yourdon   Java, the Web, and Software Development  25--30
               Marc A. Hamilton   Java and the Shift to Net-Centric
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--39
          Richard T. Kouzes and   
             James D. Myers and   
                William A. Wulf   Collaboratories: Doing Science on the
                                  Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--46
                Mark Atkins and   
             Ramesh Subramaniam   PC Software Performance Tuning . . . . . 47--54
             Lubomir F. Bic and   
            Munehiro Fukuda and   
         Michael B. Dillencourt   Distributed Computing Using Autonomous
                                  Objects  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--61
              Hsinchun Chen and   
             Andrea Houston and   
              Jay Nunamaker and   
                     Jerome Yen   Toward Intelligent Meeting Agents  . . . 62--69
      Jean-Francis Balaguer and   
                Enrico Gobbetti   3D User Interfaces for General-Purpose
                                  3D Animation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--78
                      Anonymous   Update: WW II Colossus computer is
                                  restored to operation  . . . . . . . . . 79--79
                      Anonymous   Update: Cash prize offered for major
                                  advances in molecular nanotechnology . . 79--80
                 Irah H. Donner   Computer Law: Doing business on the Net  85--86
              Michael B. Spring   Standards: Reference model for data
                                  interchange standards  . . . . . . . . . 87--88
              Nabil R. Adam and   
          Richard Holowczak and   
               Milton Halem and   
                   Nand Lal and   
                   Yelena Yesha   Technical Activities Forum: Digital
                                  Library Task Force . . . . . . . . . . . 89--91
                Steve Hitchcock   Internet Kiosk: Web publishing: Speed
                                  changes everything . . . . . . . . . . . 91--93
                   T. L. Pappas   Product Reviews: Microsoft Visual C++
                                  goes interactive and remote  . . . . . . 94--98
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 102
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: Heresy: A poem . . . . . . 120
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: Palmtop wireless
                                  communications; TI superchip . . . . . . 163

Computer
Volume 29, Number 9, September, 1996

                      Anonymous   Looking.back . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Will tiny beans conquer
                                  the world again? . . . . . . . . . . . . 13--14
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends  . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22
                      Anonymous   IEEE-CS Membership Application . . . . . 24
           Mohamed E. Fayad and   
                 Marshall Cline   Guest Editors' Introduction: Managing
                                  Object-Oriented Software Development . . 26--31
                 Babak Sadr and   
           Patricia J. Dousette   An OO Project Management Strategy  . . . 33--38
               John D. Williams   Managing Iteration in OO Projects  . . . 39--43
                Simon Moser and   
               Oscar Nierstrasz   The Effect of Object-Oriented Frameworks
                                  on Developer Productivity  . . . . . . . 45--51
               Steve Sparks and   
               Kevin Benner and   
                    Chris Faris   Managing Object-Oriented Framework Reuse 52--61
          Jean-Pierre Corriveau   Traceability Process for Large OO
                                  Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63--68
                 Kevin Shaw and   
                 Maria Cobb and   
                 Miyi Chung and   
                   David Arctur   Managing the US Navy's First OO Digital
                                  Mapping Project  . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--74
                      Anonymous   IEEE and CS Elections  . . . . . . . . . 75
                      Anonymous   Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
                      Anonymous   Computer Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
                      Anonymous   Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum . . . . . . . 88
           Franklin D. Reynolds   Internet Kiosk: Evolving an operating
                                  system for the Web . . . . . . . . . . . 90--92
                      Anonymous   Object Technology: Reversibility in
                                  software engineering . . . . . . . . . . 93--95
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 101
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index . . . . . . . . 104
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 107
                      Anonymous   Open Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Computer
Volume 29, Number 10, October, 1996

                      Anonymous   Looking back: October in computing
                                  history  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: Internet telephony; Web
                                  server benchmark . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 20
                 Stephen S. Yau   Guest Editor's Introduction: Essays on
                                  Fifty Years of Computing . . . . . . . . 24
                Nick Tredennick   Microprocessor-Based Computers . . . . . 27--37
                       Jim Gray   Evolution of Data Management . . . . . . 38--46
          C. V. Ramamoorthy and   
                   Wei-tek Tsai   Advances in Software Engineering . . . . 47--58
                  Hanafy Meleis   Toward the Information Network . . . . . 59--67
                Tim Berners-Lee   WWW: Past, Present, and Future . . . . . 69--77
           Gary S. Robinson and   
                   Carl Cargill   History and Impact of Computer Standards 79--85
                      Raj Reddy   The Challenge of Artificial Intelligence 86--96
               Paul R. Woodward   Perspective on Supercomputing: Three
                                  Decades of Change  . . . . . . . . . . . 99--111
                      Anonymous   Update: Fletcher Buckley dies  . . . . . 112
                      Anonymous   Computer Law: Software licensing: A new
                                  era  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
                      Anonymous   Standards: A fast-track standards
                                  process  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum: Technical
                                  Council on Software Engineering  . . . . 117
                      Anonymous   Object Technology: Schema evolution  . . 119
                      Anonymous   Internet Kiosk: Choosing a connectivity
                                  model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 130
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: Twenty-fifth anniversary
                                  of microprocessing . . . . . . . . . . . 152

Computer
Volume 29, Number 11, November, 1996

                      Anonymous   Looking back: November in computing
                                  history  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                      Anonymous   President's Message  . . . . . . . . . . 8
                      Anonymous   Binary Critic: Netstorms: The crash of
                                  '96  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
                      Anonymous   Industry Trends: Telecommunications Act
                                  of 1996; Panix attacks . . . . . . . . . 16
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 23
                Rohit Kapur and   
         Thomas W. Williams and   
               Edward F. Miller   Guest Editors' Introduction: System Test
                                  and Reliability Techniques for Avoiding
                                  Failure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
            Brian T. Murray and   
                  John P. Hayes   Testing ICs: Getting to the Core of the
                                  Problem  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--38
        Bernd Könemann and   
               Ben Bennetts and   
              Najmi Jarwala and   
           Benoit Nadeau-Dostie   Built-in self-test: assuring system
                                  integrity  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--45
            Deborah T. Marr and   
      Subramanian Natarajan and   
          Shreekant Thakkar and   
                 Richard Zucker   Multiprocessor Validation of the Pentium
                                  Pro  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47--53
      Joseph A. Profeta III and   
         Nikos P. Andrianos and   
                    Bing Yu and   
           Barry W. Johnson and   
             Todd A. DeLong and   
             David Guaspari and   
                   Damir Jamsek   Safety-Critical Systems Built with COTS  54--60
                   John D. Musa   Software-Reliability-Engineered Testing  61--68
                      Alan Wood   Predicting Software Reliability  . . . . 69--77
                   Thomas Drake   Measuring Software Quality: A Case Study 78--87
                      Anonymous   Update: Seymour Cray legacy  . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   Computer Law: Patents in Israel  . . . . 90
                      Anonymous   Standards: Secure Electronic Transaction
                                  standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
                      Anonymous   Internet Kiosk: Education and Internet
                                  II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum: Computer
                                  Graphics Technical Committee . . . . . . 95
                      Anonymous   Object Technology: Modal testing
                                  strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
                      Anonymous   Product Reviews: Personal Digital
                                  Assistants: Part 2 . . . . . . . . . . . 100
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers/Calendar . . . . . . . . 106
                      Anonymous   Open Channel: Attaining success is an
                                  NP-complete problem  . . . . . . . . . . 136

Computer
Volume 29, Number 12, December, 1996

                      Anonymous   Looking-back --- December in computing
                                  history  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
                      Anonymous   Industry trends --- In search of speed
                                  and bandwidth  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
                   True Seaborn   Reflections on 23 years of publishing
                                  computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
              Per Stenstrom and   
              Frederik Dahlgren   Guest editors' introduction:
                                  Applications for shared memory
                                  multiprocessors  . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
        Alexander V. Kozlov and   
            Jaswinder Pal Singh   Parallel implementations of
                                  probabilistic inference  . . . . . . . . 33
             Shashi Shekhar and   
           Sivakumar Ravada and   
                Vipin Kumar and   
              Douglas Chubb and   
                    Greg Turner   Parallelizing a GIS on a shared address
                                  space architecture . . . . . . . . . . . 42
            Thomas Sterling and   
             Phillip Merkey and   
                Daniel Savarese   Improving application performance on the
                                  HP\slash convex exemplar . . . . . . . . 50
          Frederic T. Chong and   
              Beng-Hong Lim and   
          Ricardo Bianchini and   
           John Kubiatowicz and   
                  Anant Agarwal   Application performance on the MIT
                                  alewife machine  . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
             Sarita V. Adve and   
           Kourosh Gharachorloo   Shared memory consistency models: A
                                  tutorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
              William Blume and   
               Ramon Doallo and   
           Rudolf Eigenmann and   
                 John Grout and   
             Jay Hoeflinger and   
            Thomas Lawrence and   
                 Jaejin Lee and   
                David Padua and   
              Yunheung Paek and   
             Bill Pottenger and   
       Lawrence Rauchwerger and   
                        Peng Tu   Parallel programming with polaris  . . . 78
               Mary W. Hall and   
       Jennifer M. Anderson and   
       Saman p. Amarasinghe and   
            Brian R. Murphy and   
              Shih-Wei Liao and   
            Edouard Bugnion and   
                  Monica S. Lam   Maximizing multiprocessor performance
                                  with the SUIF compiler . . . . . . . . . 84
                      Anonymous   Update --- CS election; Gordon Bell
                                  prize winners  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
                      Anonymous   Computer law --- Copyright in shareware
                                  on the Internet  . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
                      Anonymous   Standards: IP next-generation  . . . . . 112
                      Anonymous   Internet kiosk --- For a greener
                                  Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
                      Anonymous   Technical activities forum --- Technical
                                  activities strategic planning  . . . . . 115
                      Anonymous   Object technology --- Techniques for
                                  teaching object technology . . . . . . . 117
                      Anonymous   Open Channel --- Parallel processors:
                                  The future again?  . . . . . . . . . . . 152


Computer
Volume 30, Number 1, January, 1997

              Edward A. Parrish   Editor's Message: Welcome to the New
                                  Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 10--12
                      Anonymous   Report to Members: The Next 50 Years of
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--21
             Sara Reese Hedberg   Up Front: HP's International
                                  Cryptography Framework: compromise or
                                  threat?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--30
      Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols   Industry Trends: Switching to a Faster
                                  Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--32
                      Anonymous   RBOCs vs. ISPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
                      Anonymous   Set-Top Exports  . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
                      Anonymous   USB Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
                Derek Partridge   The Case for Inductive Programming . . . 36--41
             Barry G. Silverman   Computer Reminders and Alerts  . . . . . 42--49
          Marjory S. Blumenthal   Unpredictable Certainty: The Internet
                                  and the Information Infrastructure . . . 50--56
            Randall J. Atkinson   Toward a More Secure Internet  . . . . . 57--61
             Michael Bieber and   
                   Fabio Vitali   Toward Support for Hypermedia on the
                                  World Wide Web . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--70
              Daniel E. O'Leary   The Internet, Intranets, and the AI
                                  Renaissance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--78
               Alan H. Karp and   
                   Al Geist and   
                   David Bailey   1996 Gordon Bell Prize Winners . . . . . 80--85
                      Anonymous   Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86--86
                      Anonymous   Engineering of Computer-Based Systems TC 86
                      Anonymous   Fellow Nominations . . . . . . . . . . . 87--87
              Charles Severance   Standards: Taking a High-Tech Approach
                                  to Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114, 116
               Bala Gopakumaran   Product Reviews: Gate-Array IC Design
                                  Tools  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117--119
                   Ken Whitaker   Management: Motivating and Keeping
                                  Software Developers  . . . . . . . . . . 126--128
Jean-Marc Jézéquel and   
                 Bertrand Meyer   Object Technology: Design by Contract:
                                  The Lessons of Ariane  . . . . . . . . . 129--130
                 Upkar Varshney   Internet Watch: Supporting Mobility with
                                  Wireless ATM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131--133
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: The Year I Shoot My TV    136, 134--135

Computer
Volume 30, Number 2, February, 1997

                    David Clark   Up Front: Breaking the Teraflops Barrier 12--14
                   Lee Goldberg   Industry Trends: The Internet in Space:
                                  Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . 15--16
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Crucial Compromise Launches
                                  Digital TV. US Encryption Agreement in
                                  Jeopardy. Warning Issued about UNIX
                                  Flaw. WIPO Discusses Cyberspace
                                  Copyrights. IT Issues Could Threaten
                                  European Monetary Union. COBOL
                                  Programmers in Demand Again. Chip
                                  Alliance Formed. Semiconductor Film
                                  Grown in Space. Survey Reveals Security
                                  Fears and Vulnerability. Taxing the
                                  Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18, 19, 22
                     Steve Mann   Wearable Computing: A First Step Toward
                                  Personal Imaging . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--32
    Shari Lawrence Pfleeger and   
                     Les Hatton   Investigating the Influence of Formal
                                  Methods  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33--43
            Gary Comparetto and   
                 Rafols Ramirez   Trends in Mobile Satellite Technology    44--52
            Kenneth R. Wood and   
         Tristan Richardson and   
             Frazer Bennett and   
                Andy Harter and   
                    Andy Hopper   Global Teleporting with Java: Toward
                                  Ubiquitous Personalized Computing  . . . 53--59
          Andreas Pfitzmann and   
           Birgit Pfitzmann and   
                Michael Waidner   Trusting Mobile User Devices and
                                  Security Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--68
                   Nayeem Islam   Customizing system software using OO
                                  frameworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--78
              Paul D. Gader and   
            James M. Keller and   
         Raghu Krishnapuram and   
          Jung-Hsien Chiang and   
                  Magdi Mohamed   Neural and Fuzzy Methods in Handwriting
                                  Recognition  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79--86
                      Anonymous   CS Update: CS Members Become IEEE
                                  Fellows  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--91
                      Anonymous   1997 Election Timetable, Call for
                                  Nominess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--90
             P. A. Subrahmanyam   Technical Activities Forum: Embedded
                                  Networked Systems for an Interactive
                                  World  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92--93
              Charles Severance   Standards: Linking Computers and
                                  Consumer Electronics . . . . . . . . . . 119, 121
                      Anonymous   Software: Visual Java  . . . . . . . . . 123--123
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Interpreting Our Internet
                                  Dreams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125--125
         Jerzy W. Rozenblit and   
                  Sanjaya Kumar   Integrated Engineering: Toward
                                  Synergistic Engineering of Computer
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126--127
                     James Bach   Software Realities: The Hard Road from
                                  Method to Practice . . . . . . . . . . . 129--130
                 Dwaine Maltais   Internet Watch: Conducting a job search
                                  on the Internet  . . . . . . . . . . . . 131--133
                  Sorel Reisman   Binary Critic: Report from the Comdex
                                  Dimension  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136, 134, 135

Computer
Volume 30, Number 3, March, 1997

                 Robert Melford   Up Front: Intel Defies Predictions, Sets
                                  Earnings Record  . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--14
              Paul Korzeniowski   Industry Trends --- Lowering the Cost of
                                  PC Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--16
                      Anonymous   News Briefs --- ETrust Web Security:
                                  Apple at the Crossroads: New Domain
                                  Names  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--20
            Norris Parker Smith   Computing in Japan: From Cocoon to
                                  Competition  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26--33
               Eric Wegscheider   Toward Code-Free Business Application
                                  Development  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--43
               Robert A. Martin   Dealing With Dates: Solutions for the
                                  Year 2000  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--51
          Philip H. Newcomb and   
                   Melvin Scott   Requirements for Advanced Year 2000
                                  Maintenance tools  . . . . . . . . . . . 52--57
            Nicholas Zvegintzov   A resource guide to Year 2000 tools  . . 58--63
              W. Neville Holmes   Composite Arithmetic: Proposal for a New
                                  Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--73
                  Michael Franz   Dynamic Linking of Software Components   74--81
          Sivarama P. Dandamudi   Reducing Run Queue Contention in Shared
                                  Memory Multiprocessors . . . . . . . . . 82--89
            James Schoening and   
                 Thomas Wheeler   Standards: Standards --- The Key to
                                  Education Reform . . . . . . . . . . . . 116--117
                Bill Curtis and   
          William E. Hefley and   
               Sally Miller and   
                 Michael Konrad   Management: Developing organizational
                                  competence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122--124
          Edmund C. Arranga and   
                 Frank P. Coyle   Object Technology: Cobol: Perception and
                                  Reality  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126--128
               Ronald J. Vetter   Internet Watch --- Web Publishing: No
                                  HTML Expertise Needed  . . . . . . . . . 129--131
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: If Java Is the Answer,
                                  What Was the Question? . . . . . . . . . 136, 133--135

Computer
Volume 30, Number 4, April, 1997

        Nicholas Zvegintzov and   
    Shari Lawrence Pfleeger and   
                     Les Hatton   Letter to the Editor: Changes versus
                                  Faults in Formal Methods . . . . . . . . 6--6
           Thomas M. Breuel and   
                      Ted Lewis   Letter to the Editor: Java as Universal
                                  Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--7
                 Jihong Kim and   
                      Ted Lewis   Letter to the Editor: Deadlocking
                                  Embrace  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--7
           John W. M. McCormick   Letter to the Editor: No Language for
                                  Beginners  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--7
              Tom Woytaszek and   
                      Ted Lewis   Letter to the Editor: Questions Java
                                  Answers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--7
        Mehmet Bulent Ozcan and   
                   Ken Whitaker   Letter to the Editor: Rewarding
                                  Privately  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--8
                      John Bast   Letter to the Editor: Rewards Work,
                                  Incentives Don't . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--8
                   J. A. N. Lee   Celebrating Fortran's Fortieth . . . . . 8--8
                    Dirk Riehle   Open Channel: The Human Side of
                                  Architectural Styles . . . . . . . . . . 10--10
             Scott Hamilton and   
                   Janet Wilson   Report to Members: Andrew Grove's Vision
                                  for the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--15
                     Lee Garber   Up Front: Students Stumble onto Internet
                                  Explorer Flaw  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--20
                      Ben Smith   Industry Trends: Tomorrow's Internet is
                                  Here Today . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Binary Version Could Bring
                                  VRML into the Mainstream. FCC Jumps Into
                                  Internet Fray. Java and Floating-Point
                                  Math. Intel to Design NDRAM. Battle over
                                  Net Telephony. Vendors Seek Fast Modems.
                                  US Permits Export of Strong Encryption.
                                  E-commerce Nears \$1 Billion. Chasing
                                  the Blue Light. Personal {E}-mail Use
                                  Will Soar  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--27
                D. Richard Kuhn   Sources of Failure in the Public
                                  Switched Telephone Network . . . . . . . 31--36
           Muhammed F. Mudawwar   Multicode: A Truly Multilingual Approach
                                  to Text Encoding: Unicode was designed
                                  to extend ASCII for encoding text in
                                  different languages, but it still have
                                  several important drawbacks. Multicode
                                  overcomes those drawbacks  . . . . . . . 37--43
             Arun K. Somani and   
                Nitin H. Vaidya   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Understanding Fault Tolerance and
                                  Reliability  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--46, 50
             Timothy C. K. Chou   Beyond Fault Tolerance . . . . . . . . . 47--49
             Algirdas Avizienis   Toward Systematic Design of
                                  Fault-Tolerant Systems . . . . . . . . . 51--58
                Silvano Maffeis   Piranha: A CORBA Tool for High
                                  Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--66
           Rachid Guerraoui and   
           André Schiper   Software-Based Replication for Fault
                                  Tolerance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--74
             Mei-Chen Hsueh and   
            Timothy K. Tsai and   
            Ravishankar K. Iyer   Fault Injection Techniques and Tools . . 75--82
                  Biao Chen and   
               Sanjay Kamat and   
                       Wei Zhao   Fault-Tolerant, Real-Time Communication
                                  in FDDI-Based Networks . . . . . . . . . 83--90
                   Mike Hinchey   Technical Activities Forum: TC Strives
                                  to Manage Complexity . . . . . . . . . . 91--92
                     Carl Chang   CS Update: Applicants Sought for
                                  Editor-in-Chief of \em IEEE Multimedia   92--92
                Richard Wiggins   Standards: The Top-Level Domain Name
                                  Controversy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--106
                 Scott Hamilton   New Products: Embedded Systems Software:
                                  Real-Time Java. Embedded OADD. Entrus
                                  for PCs. Privasuite  . . . . . . . . . . 107--107
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Weighty Computer Science
                                  Reference. High-level Test Synthesis.
                                  Filling in the Gaps. E-pubs Languages
                                  Explained. Fuzzy Intro.
                                  Internet/Intranet Planning. Controlling
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108--108
         Janos Sztipanovits and   
                   Gabor Karsai   Integrated Engineering: Model-Integrated
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110--111
                      Cem Kaner   Software Realities: Pitfalls and
                                  Strategies in Automated Testing  . . . . 114--116
                 Andrew Kingoff   Internet Watch: Comparing Internet
                                  search engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117--118
                       W. Myers   Software reuse: ostriches beware . . . . 119--120
                     Ware Myers   Binary Critic: Software Reuse: Ostriches
                                  Beware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120, 119

Computer
Volume 30, Number 5, May, 1997

                 J. Erik Hemdal   Letters: Good Advice for Dealing with
                                  Y2K Dates  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--6
                Per Holager and   
Jean-Marc Jézéquel and   
                 Bertrand Meyer   Letters: Placing the Blame for Ariane 5  6, 8
                 Sally Spadaros   Letters: Thanks for the Y2K Suggestions  6--6
             David C. Young and   
Jean-Marc Jézéquel and   
                 Bertrand Meyer   Letters: After All, It Worked the Last
                                  Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--9
                     Kurt Olsen   Letters: Why Java Isn't Watered Down C++ 9--9
               David McReynolds   Letters: Brooks Said It Ten Years Ago    9--10
           Marvine E. Gozum and   
                  Sorel Reisman   Letters: Windows CE Success  . . . . . . 10--10
           Craig A. Struble and   
                      Ted Lewis   Letters: Deadlocks, and Java . . . . . . 10--10
                 Neville Holmes   Open Channel: What Can Computers Do? . . 11--11
                 Stephen Barlas   Up Front: How Critical Is the Shortage
                                  of IT Workers? . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--16
                  George Lawton   Industry Trends: Extranets: Next Step
                                  for the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--17
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Internet Security: Is It in
                                  the Cards? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--20
               Pat Ferguson and   
          Watts S. Humphrey and   
          Soheil Khajenoori and   
                Susan Macke and   
                 Annette Matvya   Results of Applying the Personal
                                  Software Process . . . . . . . . . . . . 24--31
                     Art Gemmer   Risk Management: Moving Beyond Process   33--43
                 Scott Hamilton   E-Commerce for the 21st Century  . . . . 44--47
           Jay M. Tenenbaum and   
    Tripatinder S. Chowdhry and   
                   Kevin Hughes   Eco System: An Internet Commerce
                                  Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--55
                    Ajit Kambil   Doing Business in the Wired World  . . . 56--61
             Danny B. Lange and   
                Yuichi Nakamura   Object-Oriented Program Tracing and
                                  Visualization  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63--70
            Augustus K. Uht and   
              Vijay Sindagi and   
               Sajee Somanathan   Branch Effect Reduction Techniques . . . 71--81
                    Bob Carlson   CS Update: Andreessen, Bina Receive 1997
                                  McDowell Award. Edward S. Davidson is
                                  1996 Taylor Booth Recipient. Aggarwal
                                  and Das Earn Technical Achievement
                                  Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--83
             Michitake Kameyama   Technical Activities Forum:
                                  Multiple-Valued Logic TC Stresses
                                  Innovation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--85
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 85--89
           Geoffrey O. Thompson   Standards: Work Progresses on Gigabit
                                  Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95--96
                 Scott Hamilton   New Products: Agent-Based Distributed
                                  Computing in Java: Voyager Agents.
                                  E-Commerce Solutions for the Web:
                                  Concinity and Web Speed. Software
                                  Development: HiProf Code Profiler,
                                  Distributed Applications, Client-Server
                                  to the Web. Stuff  . . . . . . . . . . . 97--98
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: How to Create Profitable
                                  Businesses on the Net  . . . . . . . . . 99--99
                   I. Mark Haas   Management: Hiring the Best  . . . . . . 100--101
                 Bertrand Meyer   Object Technology: Practice To Perfect:
                                  The Quality First Model  . . . . . . . . 102, 103, 105, 106
            William S. Maki and   
                   Ruth H. Maki   Internet Watch: Learning Without
                                  Lectures: A Case Study . . . . . . . . . 107--108
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Absorb and Extend:
                                  Resistance is Futile!  . . . . . . . . . 112, 109--111

Computer
Volume 30, Number 6, June, 1997

                   James Do and   
              Muhammed Mudawwar   Letters to the Editor: Unicode
                                  Misunderstood  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 9
      Kankanahalli Srinivas and   
   V. ``Juggy'' Jagannathan and   
         Y. V. Ramana Reddy and   
                 Raghu Karinthi   Java and Beyond: Executable Content  . . 52
                  James Gosling   The Feel of Java . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--57
         Jonathan P. Munson and   
                   Prasun Dewan   Sync: A Java Framework for Mobile
                                  Collaborative Applications . . . . . . . 59--66
       Cheng-Hsueh A. Hsieh and   
             Marie T. Conte and   
          Teresa L. Johnson and   
         John C. Gyllenhaal and   
                 Wen-mei W. Hwu   Optimizing NET Compilers for Improved
                                  Java Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--75
                  X. Nick Zhang   Secure Code Distribution . . . . . . . . 76--79
              Mika Leppinen and   
            Pekka Pulkkinen and   
                Aapo Rautiainen   Java- and CORBA-Based Network Management 83--87
                      Anonymous   New Products: CodeWizard for Java  . . . 106--106
                 Prabhu Ram and   
               Robert Abarbanel   Internet Watch: Enterprise Computing:
                                  The Java Factor  . . . . . . . . . . . . 115--119

Computer
Volume 30, Number 7, July, 1997

                    Peter Welch   Letters to the Editor: Ignore the
                                  Monitor Methods! . . . . . . . . . . . . 7, 9
                 Neville Holmes   The Myth of the Intelligent Computer . . 8
                 Lee Garber and   
              Paul Korzeniowski   Internet Splits over Domain Name
                                  Controversy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--14
                      Udo Flohr   Interactive Online $3$D's Future . . . . 15--16
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Plans for Java Standards
                                  Draws Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--17
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 20--21
       Steven P. VanderWiel and   
                 David J. Lilja   When Caches Aren't Enough: Data
                                  Prefetching Techniques . . . . . . . . . 23--30
                David Harel and   
                      Eran Gery   Executable Object Modeling with
                                  Statecharts  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--42
         Richard W. Conners and   
              D. Earl Kline and   
           Philip A. Araman and   
               Thomas H. Drayer   Machine Vision Technology for the Forest
                                  Products Industry  . . . . . . . . . . . 43--48
           Massimo Bertozzi and   
                 Alberto Broggi   Vision-Based Vehicle Guidance  . . . . . 49--55
              Bahram Parvin and   
             John R. Taylor and   
         Daniel E. Callahan and   
        William E. Johnston and   
                  Ulrich Dahmen   Visual Servoing for Online Facilities    56--62
         Per Stenström and   
              Mats Brorsson and   
           Fredrik Dahlgren and   
          Håkan Grahn and   
                  Michel Dubois   Boosting the Performance of Shared
                                  Memory Multiprocessors . . . . . . . . . 63--70
         Eric van der Deijl and   
              Gerco Kanbier and   
              Olivier Temam and   
              Elena D. Granston   A Cache Visualization Tool . . . . . . . 71--78
                      Anonymous   Treasurer's Report . . . . . . . . . . . 80--81
                      Anonymous   Auditor's Report . . . . . . . . . . . . 81--85
                      Anonymous   CS Update  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86--88
               Leonard L. Tripp   Survey Addresses Computer Society's
                                  Scope, Purpose, Values . . . . . . . . . 89--90
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 91--95, 97--99
                   Dave Crocker   Domain Name Expansion Plan Deserves
                                  Support  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104--105
                      Anonymous   New Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106--107
                      Anonymous   New Books  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
                David W. Oliver   Optimizing the Organization's Structure  110--112
                 Bertrand Meyer   The Next Software Breakthrough . . . . . 113--114
           Patrick J. Lynch and   
                   Sarah Horton   Imprudent Linking Weaves a Tangled Web   115--117

Computer
Volume 30, Number 8, August, 1997

                      Anonymous   Letters: Debunking Metaphors and Objects 8--8
                   Carlo Pescio   Open Channel: Seven Aphorisms of
                                  Software Development . . . . . . . . . . 9--9
                      Anonymous   Report to Members: Computer Society
                                  Debuts Electronic Subscriptions  . . . . 10--11
                   John Edwards   Up Front: Voice-Based Interfaces Make
                                  PCs Better Listeners . . . . . . . . . . 14--16
      Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols   Industry Trends: Making the PC Easier to
                                  Use  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17, 25
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Mars Imager Makes New Use
                                  of Existing Technology; Chip Industry
                                  Litigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--22, 24
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 26--27
             Gail C. Murphy and   
                   David Notkin   Reengineering with Reflexion Models: A
                                  Case Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29--36
            Diane M. Strong and   
            Richard Y. Wang and   
                    Yang W. Lee   10 Potholes in the Road to Information
                                  Quality  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38--46
                    Alex Stoyen   Guest Editor's Introduction: Fighting
                                  Complexity in Computer Systems . . . . . 47--48
                David Dikel and   
                 David Kane and   
              Steve Ornburn and   
             William Loftus and   
                     Jim Wilson   Applying Software Product-Line
                                  Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--55
                King-Tim Ko and   
              Kit-Sang Tang and   
            Cheung-Yau Chan and   
               Kim-Fung Man and   
                      Sam Kwong   Using Genetic Algorithms to Design Mesh
                                  Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--61
               K. H. (Kane) Kim   Object Structures for Real-Time Systems
                                  and Simulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--70
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum: TC on System
                                  Packaging  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--71
                      Anonymous   CS Update: Computer Society to Use
                                  Electronic Balloting . . . . . . . . . . 72--72
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 75--79, 81--82
              Charles Severance   Standards: Could LDAP Be the Next Killer
                                  DAP? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--89
                      Anonymous   New Products: Intranet Servers Come
                                  Bearing Superlatives . . . . . . . . . . 90--91
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Candid Conversations with
                                  Giants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92--92
                   Michael Mrva   Integrated Engineering: Reuse Factors in
                                  Embedded Systems Design  . . . . . . . . 93--95
                     James Bach   Software Realities: Good Enough Quality:
                                  Beyond the Buzzword  . . . . . . . . . . 96--98
        Theresa-Marie Rhyne and   
               Don Brutzman and   
              Michael Macedonia   Internet Watch: Internetworked Graphics
                                  and the Web  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--101
                Mark E. Sampson   Binary Critic: The Allegory of the
                                  Humidifier: ROI for Systems Engineering  104, 102, 103

Computer
Volume 30, Number 9, September, 1997

               Myron Kayton and   
             Peter Wolstenholme   Letters: Back in the Days of Software
                                  ``Black Fridays''  . . . . . . . . . . . 6--6
            Victor J. Duvanenko   Open Channel: Two Writes Make a Read . . 8--8
                    David Simms   Up Front: Vendors Struggle with Costs,
                                  Benefits of Shrinking Cycle Times  . . . 12--14
                    Joe Mullich   Industry Trends: Data Mining: Making
                                  Data Meaningful  . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--18
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Agency: Net Use Hasn't Hurt
                                  US Phone System; Apple Unveils
                                  Turnaround Strategy; JTC Rejects Java
                                  Standards Plan; Vendors Plan 300-nm
                                  Wafers; Battle Brews Over Smart Card
                                  Encryption; Countries Lift Internet
                                  Telephone Ban; Motorola Proposes
                                  Satellite System; Vendors Agree on
                                  High-Capacity Disks; ``Wrapping''
                                  Software Sales; Tonga Offers Domain Name
                                  Alternative  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--22
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 26--27
                  N. Asokan and   
         Phillipe A. Janson and   
            Michael Steiner and   
                Michael Waidner   The State of the Art in Electronic
                                  Payment Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--35
                    Doug Matzke   Will Physical Scalability Sabotage
                                  Performance Gains? . . . . . . . . . . . 37--39
               Joseph A. Fisher   Walk-Time Techniques: Catalyst for
                                  Architectural Change . . . . . . . . . . 40--42
          Keith Diefendorff and   
               Pradeep K. Dubey   How Multimedia Workloads Will Change
                                  Processor Design . . . . . . . . . . . . 43--45
                Doug Burger and   
               James R. Goodman   Guest Editors Introduction:
                                  Billion-Transistor Architectures . . . . 46--49
               Yale N. Patt and   
            Sanjay J. Patel and   
               Marius Evers and   
         Daniel H. Friendly and   
                    Jared Stark   One Billion Transistors, One
                                  Uniprocessor, One Chip . . . . . . . . . 51--57
           Mikko H. Lipasti and   
                 John Paul Shen   Superspeculative Microarchitecture for
                                  Beyond AD 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--66
             James E. Smith and   
               Sriram Vajapeyam   Trace Processors: Moving to
                                  Fourth-Generation Microarchitectures . . 68--74
  Christoforos E. Kozyrakis and   
       Stylianos Perissakis and   
            David Patterson and   
            Thomas Anderson and   
           Krste Asanovi\'c and   
              Neal Cardwell and   
              Richard Fromm and   
               Jason Golbus and   
          Benjamin Gribstad and   
            Kimberly Keeton and   
               Randi Thomas and   
              Noah Treuhaft and   
               Katherine Yelick   Scalable Processors in the
                                  Billion-Transistor Era: IRAM . . . . . . 75--78
              Lance Hammond and   
            Basem A. Nayfeh and   
                 Kunle Olukotun   A Single-Chip Multiprocessor . . . . . . 79--85
            Elliot Waingold and   
             Michael Taylor and   
    Devabhaktuni Srikrishna and   
               Vivek Sarkar and   
                 Walter Lee and   
                 Victor Lee and   
                   Jang Kim and   
              Matthew Frank and   
                Peter Finch and   
               Rajeev Barua and   
              Jonathan Babb and   
          Saman Amarasinghe and   
                  Anant Agarwal   Baring It All to Software: Raw Machines  86--93
               Chie Okazaki and   
               Ivan Gimenez and   
     Juan Noguera-Rodriguez and   
                 Tadao Ichikawa   Technical Activities Forum: Students
                                  Take Lead in Yuforic . . . . . . . . . . 94--95
                      Anonymous   CS Update: IEEE Computer Society
                                  Election: Nominees for Computer Society
                                  office and Board of Governors  . . . . . 97--104
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 105--113
                Jerry Foley and   
              Charles Severance   Standards: OSI Retrospect and Prospect   123--124
                     Lee Garber   New Products: Networking Tools for the
                                  Enterprise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125--126
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Hamlet on the Holodeck  . . . 127--127
            Vijay Gurbaxani and   
                   Janet Wilson   Management: Bridging IT and Business:
                                  Techno MBAs  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128--129
                   Carlo Pescio   Object Technology: Principles Versus
                                  Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130--131
                  L. John Mason   Internet Watch: Stress and the Ultimate
                                  Luddite Survival Mechanism . . . . . . . 132--133
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Digitopolis Meets
                                  Encalming Technology . . . . . . . . . . 136, 134--135

Computer
Volume 30, Number 10, October, 1997

                      Dan Gomez   Letter: Worth Keeping an Eye One . . . . 6--6
                    Tim Wooller   Letter: Citing URLs: A Matter of Trust?  6--6
           Lawrence T. Hardiman   Open Channel: Personality Types and
                                  Software Engineers . . . . . . . . . . . 10--10
                    David Clark   Up Front: Will New Fiber Technology
                                  Quench the Thirst for Bandwidth? . . . . 14--15
                  George Lawton   Industry Trends: Dawn of the Internet
                                  Appliance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 18
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Appliance War Could Make
                                  Web Less Open; Microsoft, Netscape Agree
                                  of VRML; CORBA to Stay Independent of
                                  Java; US Runs out of Visas for Foreign
                                  Computer Workers; New Year 2000 Problems
                                  Emerge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20, 23--25
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 26--27
             Scott Hamilton and   
                     Lee Garber   Deep Blue's Hardware-Software Synergy    29--35
              Ivar Jacobson and   
               Martin Griss and   
                 Patrik Jonsson   Making the Reuse Business Work . . . . . 36--42
                  David C. Rine   Supporting Reuse with Object Technology  43--45
          Robert G. Fichman and   
               Chris F. Kemerer   Object Technology and Reuse: Lessons
                                  from Early Adopters  . . . . . . . . . . 47--59
                 John C. Zubeck   Implementing Reuse with RAD Tools'
                                  Native Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60--65
           Letha H. Etzkorn and   
                  Carl G. Davis   Automatically Identifying Reusable OO
                                  Legacy Code  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--71
            Ernesto Damiani and   
        Maria Grazia Fugini and   
                Enrico Fusaschi   A Descriptor-Based Approach to OO Code
                                  Reuse  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--80
                   Dennis Baggi   Technical Activities Forum: Addressing
                                  the Evolving Profile of Computer
                                  Professionals  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84--85
                      Anonymous   CS Update: Awards Recognize Three
                                  Pioneers: Richard F. Clippinger, Francis
                                  Elizabeth Snyder-Holberton, Robert E.
                                  Kahn; James T. Cain: Richard E. Merwin
                                  Award; Mike Liu: Richard E. Merwin
                                  Award; Sartaj K. Sahni: Taylor Booth
                                  Award; Thuraisingham and Tsai: Technical
                                  Achievement Awards; Leonard L. Tripp:
                                  Hans Karlsson Award  . . . . . . . . . . 85--87
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 93--95
                      Vir Proha   Standards: A Standard for Software
                                  Documentation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97--98
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 100--110
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Products: SDKs, Compilers, and
                                  Component Suites . . . . . . . . . . . . 111--113
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Making Beautiful Music with
                                  DSPs; For Hardware Junkies; Smart Tools;
                                  Recognizing Patterns; Keeping Internet
                                  Secrets; SGML for Developers;
                                  Compressing with Fractals; Rapid GUI
                                  Development  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114--114
      William H. Mangione-Smith   Integrated Engineering: Application
                                  Design for Configurable Computing  . . . 115--117
                   Luke Hohmann   Software Realities: In Methods We Trust? 119--121
                     Reed Hundt   Internet Watch: The Internet: From Here
                                  to Ubiquity  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122--124
                Terry Bollinger   Binary Critic: The Interplay of Art and
                                  Science in Software  . . . . . . . . . . 128, 125--127

Computer
Volume 30, Number 11, November, 1997

                      Anonymous   Letters  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 11
                  George Lawton   Up Front: In Search of Real-Time
                                  Internet Service . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--16
                Sixto Ortiz Jr.   Industry Trends: Virtual Private
                                  Networks: Leveraging the Internet  . . . 18--20
                 Lee Garber and   
                    David Clark   News Briefs: Judge Rejects US
                                  Restrictions on Export of Encryption;
                                  Intel, HP Unveil Merced Chip; Java Wars
                                  Heat Up; AOL Acquires CompuServe
                                  Subscribers; Confusion in the DVD
                                  Marketplace; `Amazing Grace' Heads to
                                  Sea; PC Firms Back Down on Convergence;
                                  Business Use Will Drive Internet Growth;
                                  Company Offers \$1-Million Prize for
                                  Hackers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22--25
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 26--27
              Huaiqing Wang and   
                      Chen Wang   Computing Practices: Intelligent Agents
                                  in the Nuclear Industry  . . . . . . . . 28--34
              David Maulsby and   
                  Ian H. Witten   Cybersquare: Teaching Agents to Learn:
                                  From User Study to Implementation  . . . 36--44
           Hesham El-Rewini and   
          Michael C. Mulder and   
           Peter A. Freeman and   
           Gordon E. Stokes and   
                Innes Jelly and   
             Lillian Cassel and   
            Doris K. Lidtke and   
              Stefano Russo and   
       Bernd J. Krämer and   
           Jimmie E. Haines and   
                     Joe Turner   Keeping Pace with an Information
                                  Society: A Virtual Roundtable  . . . . . 46--57
               David Garlan and   
             David P. Gluch and   
               James E. Tomayko   Agents of Change: Educating Software
                                  Engineering Leaders  . . . . . . . . . . 59--65
                Tony Werner and   
               Venkatesh Akella   Research Feature: Asynchronous Processor
                                  Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--76
                 Nabil N. Kamel   Research Feature: Predicate Caching for
                                  Data-Intensive Autonomous Systems  . . . 77--73
                      Anonymous   Technical Activities Forum:
                                  Supercomputing Applications TC Faces New
                                  Challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84--84
                      Anonymous   CS Update: Award Recognizes ERMA
                                  Pioneer; Henry Oldfield; Technical
                                  Achievement Award, Luqi; Service Awards
                                  Recognizes Special Efforts . . . . . . . 85--87
             Don Gotterbarn and   
               Keith Miller and   
                 Simon Rogerson   Software Engineering Code of Ethics,
                                  Version 3  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--92
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 93--95, 97--99
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 100--124
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Products: Speech Recognition
                                  Development  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125--129
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Products: Java and Internet
                                  Development Tools: Borland's Internet
                                  Solutions Program, Magic Software
                                  Enterprise's RADD for Enterprise and
                                  Internet Apps, Symantec's Visual Café for
                                  Java 2.0 Professional Development
                                  Edition, Ahpah Software's SourceAgain
                                  Java Decompiler, KL Group's JClass Chart
                                  2.0 JavaBean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128--129
                      Anonymous   New Books: Envisioning the Endless
                                  Frontier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130--130
                     Roger Howe   Standards: ISO 14001: The Green Standard 133--134
                      Mark Haas   Management: Building the Vision: Lessons
                                  for All Leaders  . . . . . . . . . . . . 135--136
          Christopher Creel and   
             Bertrand Meyer and   
               Philippe Stephan   Object Technology: The Opportunity of a
                                  Millennium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137--138
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Cars, Phones, and
                                  Tamagotchi Tribes  . . . . . . . . . . . 144, 142--143

Computer
Volume 30, Number 12, December, 1997

                      Anonymous   Letters: Software: Design Versus
                                  Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--6
             K. V. K. K. Prasad   Open Channel: Matching People and Jobs:
                                  The I-CMM Proposal . . . . . . . . . . . 10--10
                   John Edwards   Up Front: New Interfaces: Making
                                  Computers More Accessible  . . . . . . . 12--14
              Chris Herringshaw   Industry Trends: Detecting Attacks on
                                  Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--17
                 Lee Gerber and   
                    David Clark   News Briefs: Firms to Invest \$250
                                  Million in Next-Generation Processors    18--20
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
          Niels Ole Bernsen and   
         Hans Dybkjær and   
            Laila Dybkjær   Computing Practices: What Should Your
                                  Speech System Say? . . . . . . . . . . . 25--31
                   Yale N. Patt   Identifying Obstacles in the Path to \em
                                  More . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--32
            Thomas M. Conte and   
           Pradeep K. Dubey and   
        Matthew D. Jennings and   
                Ruby B. Lee and   
                 Alex Peleg and   
            Salliah Rathnam and   
            Mike Schlansker and   
                 Peter Song and   
                   Andrew Wolfe   Theme Feature: Challenges to Combining
                                  General-Purpose and Multimedia
                                  Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33--37
  William H. Mangione-Smith and   
             Brad Hutchings and   
              David Andrews and   
         André DeHon and   
               Carl Ebeling and   
         Reiner Hartenstein and   
               Oskar Mencer and   
                John Morris and   
              Krishna Palem and   
         Viktor K. Prasanna and   
         Henk A. E. Spaanenburg   Theme Feature: Seeking Solutions in
                                  Configurable Computing . . . . . . . . . 38--43
         Per Stenström and   
             Erik Hagersten and   
             David J. Lilja and   
         Margaret Martonosi and   
                Madan Venugopal   Theme Feature: Trends in Shared Memory
                                  Multiprocessing  . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--50
             Sarita V. Adve and   
                Doug Burger and   
           Rudolf Eigenmann and   
        Alasdair Rawsthorne and   
           Michael D. Smith and   
       Catherine H. Gebotys and   
         Mahmut T. Kandemir and   
             David J. Lilja and   
          Alok N. Choudhary and   
              Jesse Z. Fang and   
                  Pen-Chung Yew   Theme Feature: Changing Interaction of
                                  Compiler and Architecture  . . . . . . . 51--58
          Hasan S. Alkhatib and   
               Chase Bailey and   
                Mario Gerla and   
                   James McCrae   Theme Feature: Wireless Data Networks:
                                  Reaching the Extra Mile  . . . . . . . . 59--62
         MIchael Schlansker and   
            Thomas M. Conte and   
              James Dehnert and   
           Kemar Ebcio\uglu and   
              Jesse Z. Fang and   
              Carol L. Thompson   Theme Feature: Compilers for
                                  Instruction-Level Parallelism  . . . . . 63--69
                      Anonymous   Annual Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--79, 82--84
                      Anonymous   \em Computer 1998 Editorial Calendar . . 84--84
                      Anonymous   CS Update: Members elect officers and
                                  board members to begin terms in 1998;
                                  Balloting and Participation; Kenneth
                                  Laker wins in balloting for IEEE 1998
                                  president-elect; 1987 Gorden Bell Prize
                                  winners announced at Supercomputing  . . 85--86
                      Anonymous   \em Computer Reviewers . . . . . . . . . 87--89
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 90--93
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 94--121
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Products: Embedded Systems
                                  Development  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122--124
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Living in the Digital Age . . 125--125
                   Frank Dawson   Standards: Emerging Calendaring and
                                  Scheduling Standards . . . . . . . . . . 126--128
                   Jeffrey Voas   Software Realities: Fault Injection for
                                  the Masses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129--130
                      Ken Magel   Internet Watch: Is It Too Late to Put
                                  the User Back into HTML? . . . . . . . . 131--132
                 Neville Holmes   Binary Critic: Converging on Program
                                  Simplicity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136, 134--135


Computer
Volume 31, Number 1, January, 1998

                   Doris Carver   President's Message: Building On
                                  Success: Our 1998 Plan . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
                    David Clark   Industry Trends: New Era for Digital
                                  Signal Processors  . . . . . . . . . . . 10--11
                     Lee Garber   Technology News: Employment in 1998:
                                  Focus on Y2K and the Internet  . . . . . 14--18
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Sun Gets OK to Propose Java
                                  Standards; Domain Name Plan Delayed;
                                  Encryption Battle Heats Up; Monstor
                                  Processes to Debut in 1998; Work Begins
                                  on API for Digital TV; ISO Approves C++
                                  Standard; New Standard for Parallel
                                  Processing Workstations; IBM Unveils
                                  High-Capacity Disk Technology  . . . . . 21--24
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 26--27
             David D. Clark and   
       Edward A. Feigenbaum and   
              Don Greenberg and   
            Juris Hartmanis and   
            Robert W. Lucky and   
         Robert M. Metcalfe and   
                  Raj Reddy and   
                  Mary Shaw and   
                   William Wulf   Innovation and Obstacles: The Future of
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29--38
                   Janet Wilson   Virtual Roundtable: Challenges and
                                  Trends in Processor Design: Roundtable
                                  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--39
                  Marc Tremblay   Virtual Roundtable: Challenges and
                                  Trends in Processor Design: Increasing
                                  Work, Pushing the Clock  . . . . . . . . 40--41
                  Greg Grohoski   Virtual Roundtable: Challenges and
                                  Trends in Processor Design: Reining in
                                  Complexity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--42
                   Brad Burgess   Virtual Roundtable: Challenges and
                                  Trends in Processor Design:
                                  Specialization: A Way of Life  . . . . . 43--43
                   Earl Killian   Virtual Roundtable: Challenges and
                                  Trends in Processor Design: Challenges,
                                  Not Roadblocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--45
                 Robert Colwell   Virtual Roundtable: Challenges and
                                  Trends in Processor Design: Maintaining
                                  a Leading Position . . . . . . . . . . . 45--47
              Paul I. Rubinfeld   Virtual Roundtable: Challenges and
                                  Trends in Processor Design: Managing
                                  Problems at High Speed . . . . . . . . . 47--48
                    Wen-mei Hwu   Virtual Roundtable: Challenges and
                                  Trends in Processor Design: Technology
                                  Outlook: Introduction to Predicated
                                  Execution  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--50
                 Scott Hamilton   Inside Microsoft Research  . . . . . . . 51--58
                      Ted Lewis   Information Appliances: Gadget Netopia   59--68
              Akhtar Jameel and   
         Matthias Stuempfle and   
               Daniel Jiang and   
                     Axel Fuchs   Web on Wheels:Toward Internet-Enabled
                                  Cars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--76
              Edward A. Lee and   
         David G. Messerschmitt   Engineering an Education for the Future  77--85
               Alan H. Karp and   
                 Ewing Lusk and   
                David H. Bailey   News: 1997 Gordon Bell Prize Winners . . 86--92
              Nabil R. Adam and   
             Aryya Gangopadhyay   Technical Activities Forum:
                                  Content-Based Retrieval in Digital
                                  Libraries  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--94
                      Anonymous   CS Update: Seymour Cray Award; Pioneer
                                  Award for Svoboda; Golden Core
                                  Memberships  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95--96
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 97--101
                      Anonymous   New Books  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128--129
                      Anonymous   New Tools  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130--135
              Charles Severance   Standards Conflict and Consensus: The
                                  Role of Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . 138--139
                 Bertrand Meyer   Object Technology The Future of Object
                                  Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140--141
                 Ron Vetter and   
                Kirk L. Kroeker   Internet Watch: The Internet in the Year
                                  Ahead  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143--144
            Norman L. Kerth and   
                Jim Coplien and   
                 Jerry Weinberg   Open Channel: Call for the Rational Use
                                  of Personality Indicators  . . . . . . . 146--147
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Who's Afraid of Wintel?   152, 149--151

Computer
Volume 31, Number 2, February, 1998

                  Bob Weeks and   
            Brian Hackworth and   
           Roland N. Ibbett and   
                  Paul E. Black   Letters: Should the U.S. Nationalize
                                  Microsoft? Deserved Debunking; Earlier
                                  Asynchronous Processors; Edison's
                                  Invention Factory  . . . . . . . . . . . 4--6
                      Don Kiely   Industry Trends: Are Components the
                                  Future of Software?  . . . . . . . . . . 10--11
                 Lee Garber and   
                 Richard Raucci   Technology News: Antivirus Technology
                                  Offers New Cures . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--14
                      Anonymous   News Briefs: Open Spec for EDA Tools;
                                  Semiconductor Roadmap; High-Tech Impact
                                  on US Economy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--18
              H. John Caulfield   Perspectives in Optical Computing  . . . 22--25
            Neil F. Johnson and   
                 Sushil Jajodia   Computing Practices: Exploring
                                  Steganography: Seeing the Unseen . . . . 26--34
          Leo J. Irakliotis and   
             Pericles A. Mitkas   Optics: A Maturing Technology for Better
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--37
              James Gourlay and   
              Tsung-Yi Yang and   
         Julian A. B. Dines and   
            John F. Snowdon and   
               Andrew C. Walker   Development of Free-Space Digital Optics
                                  in Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38--44
         Pericles A. Mitkas and   
           George A. Betzos and   
              Leo J. Irakliotis   Optical Processing Paradigms for
                                  Electronic Computers . . . . . . . . . . 45--51
            Demetri Psaltis and   
               Geoffrey W. Burr   Holographic Data Storage . . . . . . . . 52--60
         Masatoshi Ishikawa and   
                   Neil McArdle   Optically Interconnected Parallel
                                  Computing Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . 61--68
         Peter S. Guilfoyle and   
        John M. Hessenbruch and   
               Richard V. Stone   Free-Space Interconnects for
                                  High-Performance Optoelectronic
                                  Switching  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--75
                Daniel E. Cooke   Technical Activities Forum: Outlook on
                                  Language Research and Practice . . . . . 76--77
                      Anonymous   CS Update: 1998 IEEE Fellows Election
                                  Timetable' 1998 Executive Committee;
                                  Call for Editor-in-Chief Applicants;
                                  1997 Sidney Fernbach Award; Membership
                                  Activities Board Service Award . . . . . 79--83
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 84--87
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100--100
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101--105
              Donald C. Loughry   Standards: The IEEE-SA: A New Era for
                                  Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106, 110
                 Andrew P. Sage   Integrated Engineering: Toward Systems
                                  Ecology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107--110
                     James Bach   Software Realities: Microdynamics of
                                  Process Evolution  . . . . . . . . . . . 111--113
                      Anonymous   Internet Watch: URLs In Print: To Cite
                                  or Not to Cite?  . . . . . . . . . . . . 114--115, 117
              Joao Carreira and   
             Joao Gabriel Silva   Open Channel: Computer Science and the
                                  Pygmalion Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . 116--117
               Harold W. Lawson   Binary Critic: Salvation from System
                                  Complexity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120, 118--119

Computer
Volume 31, Number 3, March, 1998

                Rich McCabe and   
                  Ted Lewis and   
             Patrick Zazcyk and   
             Brian L. Evans and   
                Mihai Nadin and   
                 Angela Burgess   Letters: When is a Giveaway
                                  Monopolistic? Equal Access to the OS;
                                  DSP Article on Target; Criteria for
                                  Inclusion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
                   John Edwards   Industry Trends: Changing Database
                                  Market Hurts Major Vendors . . . . . . . 10--11
                   Tammy Parker   Technology News: Mobile Wireless
                                  Internet Technology Faces Hurdles  . . . 12--14
                      Anonymous   News Briefs: Microsoft, Sun, and Set-Top
                                  Boxes; Europe's High-Speed Internet;
                                  Microsoft's Court Settlement; New Cable
                                  Modem Spec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--19
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 20--21
             John K. Ousterhout   Scripting: Higher-Level Programming for
                                  the 21st Century . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--30
               Adair Dingle and   
          Thomas H. Hildebrandt   Improving C++ Performance Using
                                  Temporaries  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--41
              David Krieger and   
               Richard M. Adler   The Emergence of Distributed Component
                                  Platforms  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43--53
              Daniel E. O'Leary   Enterprise Knowledge Management  . . . . 54--61
Peter Michael Melliar-Smith and   
         Louise Elizabeth Moser   Surviving Network Partitioning . . . . . 62--68
           John W. Sheppard and   
             William R. Simpson   Managing Conflict in System Diagnosis    69--76
     Noppanunt Utamaphethai and   
                    Sumit Ghosh   Dicaf: A Distributed Architecture for
                                  Intelligent Transportation . . . . . . . 78--84
                      Anonymous   CS Update: CS Launches Y2K-Compliant
                                  Standards Effort; Tribute to Richard
                                  Hamming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--87
                  Goffredo Haus   Technical Activities Forum: Rescuing La
                                  Scala's Music Archives . . . . . . . . . 88--89
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 89--90, 92, 94--95, 98--99
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 100--105
                      Anonymous   New Books: All About Those Enterprising
                                  JavaBeans  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106--106
                      Anonymous   New Tools  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108--113
              Charles Severance   Standards: IEEE 754: An Interview with
                                  William Kahan  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114--115
              Warren Bennis and   
        Patricia Ward Biederman   Management: None of Us Is As Smart As
                                  All of Us  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116--117
         Joseph (Yossi) Gil and   
                David H. Lorenz   Object Technology: Design Patterns and
                                  Language Design  . . . . . . . . . . . . 118--120
                 Hermann Maurer   Internet Watch: Web-Based Knowledge
                                  Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122--123
           Richard Marlon Stein   Open Channel: Does Determinism Dictate
                                  Dignity? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124--124
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Java Holy War '98 . . . . 128, 126--127

Computer
Volume 31, Number 4, April, 1998

                      Anonymous   Letter: Debunking Cybermyths: The
                                  Stroustrup Interview . . . . . . . . . . 4--4
             Rudolf Jan Heijink   Letter: ISDN available in The
                                  Netherlands  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--4
              Donald Kubler and   
                   Thomas Drake   Letter: Quality Metrics Don't Work . . . 4, 5
                  Jon Steinhart   Letter: Electrical-Engineering vs.
                                  Software Design  . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--4
              Edward A. Parrish   Editor's Message; Evolving a World-Class
                                  Membership Magazine  . . . . . . . . . . 7--7
                  George Lawton   Industry Trends: Paving the Information
                                  Superhighway's Last Mile . . . . . . . . 10--12, 14
                    David Clark   Technology News: Developments Shake
                                  Domain-Name Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--17
                    David Clark   News Briefs; W3C Approval Gives XML a
                                  Push; ISO Adopts QuickTime for MPEG-4;
                                  Group Proposes Antipiracy Plan; Delay
                                  for Gbit Ethernet Specs  . . . . . . . . 18--19
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 20--21
              Maurice V. Wilkes   A Revisionist Account of Early Language
                                  Development  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22--25
               Michael J. Flynn   Computer Engineering 30 Years After the
                                  IBM Model 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--31
                 I-Ling Yen and   
               Raymond Paul and   
                     Kinji Mori   Toward Integrated Methods for
                                  High-Assurance Systems . . . . . . . . . 32--34
                 I-Ling Yen and   
                       Ray Paul   Key Applications for High-Assurance
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--35
               Leon Alkalai and   
                     Ann T. Tai   Long-Life Deep-Space Applications  . . . 35--36
           Victor L. Winter and   
              John M. Covan and   
                Larry J. Dalton   Passive Safety in High-Consequence
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--37
                Rick Harper and   
                  Barry Flahive   Challenges for Continuously Available
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--40
               Wei-Tek Tsai and   
         Ramin Mojdehbakhsh and   
              Sanjai Rayadurgam   Capturing Safety-Critical Medical
                                  Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--42
                     Kinji Mori   Applications in Rapidly Changing
                                  Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--44
               Michael R. Lowry   Component-Based Reconfigurable Systems   44--45
        Mats P. E. Heimdahl and   
        Jeffrey M. Thompson and   
              Barbara J. Czerny   Specification and Analysis of
                                  Intercomponent Communication . . . . . . 47--54
              Myong H. Kang and   
            Andrew P. Moore and   
               Ira S. Moskowitz   Design and Assurance Strategy for the
                                  NRL Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--64
      Taghi M. Khoshgoftaar and   
            Edward B. Allen and   
            Robert Halstead and   
               Gary P. Trio and   
                Ronald M. Flass   Using Process History to Predict
                                  Software Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--72
                      Anonymous   CS Update; Draft Software Engineering
                                  Accreditation Criteria; Board of
                                  Governors Approves Reading of Bylaws
                                  Amendment on Staff Titles; Board of
                                  Governors Approves Reading of Bylaws
                                  Amendment on Membership Activities Board 73--75, 77
            Douglas W. Westcott   Technical Activities Forum; Designs for
                                  the Computers of Tomorrow  . . . . . . . 76--77
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 78, 80--81, 83
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Building Databases for All
                                  Media  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--93
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development,
                                  Hardware Development, Net Development,
                                  Component Technology, Systems Analysis   94--98
                John R. Gilbert   Integrated Engineering: Integrating CAD
                                  Tools for MEMS Design  . . . . . . . . . 99--101
                     Lewis Gray   Software Realities: Gray Rebuts Bach: No
                                  Cowboy Programmers!  . . . . . . . . . . 102--103, 105
                Nick Tredennick   Open Channel: This Cyberfarce Stars
                                  Elvis and the Nerds  . . . . . . . . . . 104--105
                Al Borchers and   
              Jon Herlocker and   
             Joseph Konstan and   
                     John Riedl   Internet Watch: Ganging Up on
                                  Information Overload . . . . . . . . . . 106--108
                     Ware Myers   Binary Critic: Why Software Developers
                                  Refuse to Improve  . . . . . . . . . . . 112, 110--111

Computer
Volume 31, Number 5, May, 1998

                   Dirk Brodine   Letters: Too Much Fun with System
                                  Languages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--4
                Sixto Ortiz Jr.   Industry Trends: Hardware-Based
                                  Networking Widens the Pipes  . . . . . . 8--9
                    David Clark   Technology News: Are ATM and Gigabit
                                  Ethernet Ready for Prime Time? . . . . . 11--13
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Auction Sets Stage For New
                                  Broadband Wireless Service Chip; Makers
                                  Delay Move to 300-mm Wafer; Are
                                  Europeans Ready for the Euro?; W3C
                                  Pushes Net Access for the Disabled . . . 14--19
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 18--19
        Marvin V. Zelkowitz and   
                Dolores Wallace   Computing Practices: Experimental Models
                                  for Validating Technology  . . . . . . . 23--31
                Walter F. Tichy   Cybersquare: Should Computer Scientists
                                  Experiment More? . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--40
                Pradip Bose and   
                Thomas M. Conte   Performance Analysis and Its Impact on
                                  Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--49
                Matt Reilly and   
                 John Edmondson   Performance Simulation of an Alpha
                                  Microprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--58
                Bryan Black and   
                 John Paul Shen   Calibration of Microprocessor
                                  Performance Models . . . . . . . . . . . 59--65
                  Kurt Maly and   
                 Ajay Gupta and   
                   Satish Mynam   BTU: A Host Communication Benchmark  . . 66--74
                  Spencer W. Ng   News: Advances in Disk Technology:
                                  Performance Issues . . . . . . . . . . . 75--81
                      Anonymous   CS Update; Free Service Links Members
                                  Who Share Interests; Initiative to
                                  Support US Undergraduate Women; 1997
                                  IEEE CS Student Award Winners  . . . . . 82--83
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 84--86, 89--94
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Software Architecture Defined 95--95
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development,
                                  Hardware Development . . . . . . . . . . 96--98
              Charles Severance   Standards: Grab the Chance to Work on
                                  the Leading Edge . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--99
                Steve McConnell   Management: The Power of Process . . . . 100--102
                Robert L. Glass   Open Channel: Success? Failure? Or Both? 103--103
             Bertrand Meyer and   
          Christine Mingins and   
                  Heinz Schmidt   Object Technology: Providing Trusted
                                  Components to the Industry . . . . . . . 104--105
                   Volker Turau   Internet Watch: What Practices Are Being
                                  Adopted on the Web?  . . . . . . . . . . 106--108
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Why the Economy Is So
                                  Good . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112, 110--111

Computer
Volume 31, Number 6, June, 1998

       Jeffrey A. Rosenwald and   
           George Heilmeier and   
                 Bill Sneed and   
               Bruce Walker and   
               Igore Markov and   
            Tom Hildebrandt and   
              Brian O'Hearn and   
            Alex B. Cannara and   
             Akhatar Jameel and   
         Matthias Stuempfle and   
               Daniel Jiang and   
                 Axel Fuchs and   
              Frank Preston and   
                  Don Greenberg   Letters: Continuing the Productivity
                                  Paradox Debat; Post-2008 Economic
                                  Driver; ``Computer Science'' an
                                  Oxymoron?; Underestimating the Cost of
                                  Experiments; Improving C++ Runtime; Safe
                                  Internet Cars; Dangerous Concept; Not
                                  That Many Transistors  . . . . . . . . . 4--7
                 Lee Garber and   
                     David Sims   Industry Trends: In Pursuit of
                                  Hardware-Software Codesign . . . . . . . 12--14
                  George Lawton   Technology News: The Internet's
                                  Challenge to Privacy . . . . . . . . . . 16--18
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: HP Enters the Java Fray:
                                  Toward a More Intelligent Web: Mobile IP
                                  on the Move: Dispute over Reported IT
                                  Worker Shortage  . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--21
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
                  Niklaus Wirth   Hardware Compilation: Translating
                                  Programs into Circuits . . . . . . . . . 25--31
                Bruce Jacob and   
                   Trevor Mudge   Virtual Memory: Issues of Implementation 33--43
                Jeffrey M. Voas   The Challenges of Using COTS Software in
                                  Component-Based Development  . . . . . . 44--45
                  Nancy Talbert   Interview with John McDermid: The Cost
                                  of COTS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46--52
                Jeffrey M. Voas   Certifying Off-the-Shelf Software
                                  Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--59
              Ulf Lindqvist and   
                 Erland Jonsson   A Map of Security Risks Associated with
                                  Using COTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60--66
                  Qun Zhong and   
                  Nigel Edwards   Security Control for COTS Components . . 67--73
                      Anonymous   CS Update: Computer Society Recognizes
                                  Pioneers in Central and Eastern Europe   79--84
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 84--87, 90--94
                      John Hurd   Standards: Why Does Digital Participate
                                  in Standards?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95--96
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Making Wavelets in the Real
                                  World; Protecting the OB; Diffie on
                                  Privacy; Digital Design Explained;
                                  E-Commerce du Jour; Seeing Software;
                                  Structures for XML; Smalltalk Patterns   97--97
                      Anonymous   New Tools: Software Development:
                                  Uniscape's Internationalization Library;
                                  Global Technologies' Unix-to-NT
                                  Solution; KAI's Multithreaded Java
                                  Debugging Tool; Price Systems'
                                  Parametric Forecasting Tool  . . . . . . 98, 102
                      Anonymous   New Tools: Hardware Development: JTAG's
                                  Flash Memory Tool; Accelerated
                                  Technology's Embedded Development
                                  Environment; Motorola's Reconfigurable
                                  Embedded System Technology . . . . . . . 99, 103
                      Anonymous   New Tools: Net Development: Lotus' Tools
                                  for Intranet/Extranet Development;
                                  Novera Software's Java Application
                                  Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100, 103
                      Anonymous   New Tools: Component Technology:
                                  Rational's Component-Savvy Visual Tool;
                                  ICL's Java-Based ORBs. Systems Analysis:
                                  Network Communication's Network Probe;
                                  Seagate's Server Health Monitor  . . . . 101--101
                      Anonymous   New Tools: Systems Analysis: Network
                                  Communication's Network Probe; Seagate's
                                  Server Health Monitor  . . . . . . . . . 102--102
               Scott Bollig and   
                       Dan Xiao   Integrated Engineering: Throwing Off the
                                  Shackles of a Legacy System  . . . . . . 104--106
                 James Bach and   
                  Dave W. Smith   Software Realities: Plans, Lies, and
                                  Videotape  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107--109
          Bjarne Stroustrup and   
                 Scott Hamilton   Open Channel: The Real Stroustrup
                                  Interview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110--114
                Alfred Bork and   
           David R. Britton Jr.   Internet Watch: The Web Is Not Yet
                                  Suitable for Learning  . . . . . . . . . 115--116
                  T. J. Rodgers   Binary Critic: Building the US
                                  Workforce, One Engineer at a Time  . . . 120, 117

Computer
Volume 31, Number 7, July, 1998

                   Len Bass and   
            Robert L. Glass and   
                   Gary A. Hill   Letters: Success Differs in Research and
                                  Academia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
                 Barry Phillips   Industry Trends: Have Storage Area
                                  Networks Come of Age?  . . . . . . . . . 10--12
                  George Lawton   Technology News: Multicasting: Will It
                                  Transform the Internet?  . . . . . . . . 13--15
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs; Moving 3D Beyond VRML; US,
                                  Microsoft Will Square Off on September
                                  8; Satellite Processor Failure Cuts Net,
                                  Pager Service; US Seeks Encryption
                                  Standard; Vendors Unveil Bluetooth
                                  Wireless Technology; The End of MS-DOS   18--21
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
                  Carole Dulong   The IA-64 Architecture at Work . . . . . 24--32
                Barry Boehm and   
            Alexander Egyed and   
                 Julie Kwan and   
                   Dan Port and   
               Archita Shah and   
                    Ray Madachy   Using the WinWin Spiral Model: A Case
                                  Study  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33--44
                    Jed Lengyel   The Convergence of Graphics and Vision   46--53
             Sally A. McKee and   
           Robert H. Klenke and   
          Kenneth L. Wright and   
            William A. Wulf and   
          Maximo H. Salinas and   
             James H. Aylor and   
                 Alan P. Batson   Smarter Memory: Improving Bandwidth for
                                  Streamed References  . . . . . . . . . . 54--63
               Hira Agrawal and   
            James L. Alberi and   
           Joseph R. Horgan and   
                J. Jenny Li and   
                Saul London and   
               W. Eric Wong and   
              Sudipto Ghosh and   
                   Norman Wilde   Mining System Tests to Aid Software
                                  Maintenance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--73
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 74--76
                      Karl Reed   Technical Activities Forum: Why the CS
                                  Should Help Chart the Future of IT . . . 77--78
                  Michel Israel   CS Update: Growth and Stability: 1997
                                  Financial Results  . . . . . . . . . . . 79--80
          Coopers & Lybrand   CS Update: Report of Independent
                                  Accountants  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--84
             Angela Burgess and   
                  Carl K. Chang   CS Update: Board of Governors Approves
                                  Slate for 1998 Election  . . . . . . . . 85--85
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 85--87
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Network Management with
                                  Scripts; Ethernet Backbone; Web
                                  Technologies; Total Cache Knowledge;
                                  Putting on the Constraints; Java GUI
                                  Details; Doing Business on the Net;
                                  Programming Netscape . . . . . . . . . . 89--89
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development:
                                  TakeFive Software's Source Code Tool;
                                  RST's Test Tools; Blue Sky's Help File
                                  Authoring Solution. Hardware
                                  Development: Green Hills Software's
                                  Single-Source Solution for Tools and
                                  RTOS; Tanner ERA's Interconnect Design
                                  Tools; Xynetix Design Systems'
                                  Autorouter. Net Development: Aonix's
                                  Web-to-Legacy Tool; Inktomi's Commercial
                                  Network Cache. Component Technology:
                                  Visual Edge's Enterprise Application
                                  Integration Products; Rogue Wave
                                  Software's Suite of JavaBeans Components 90--93
              Charles Severance   Standards: Standardizing Real-Time
                                  Streaming Protocols: Interview with Rob
                                  Lanphier, RealNetworks . . . . . . . . . 94--95
                 Bertrand Meyer   Object Technology: Tell Less and Say
                                  More: The Power of Implicitness  . . . . 97--98
                   Paul Bassett   Management: Managing for Flexible
                                  Software Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . 100--102
                  Jukka Korpela   Internet Watch: Lurching Toward Babel:
                                  HTML and CSS and XML . . . . . . . . . . 103--104
                 Neville Holmes   Open Channel: Mitigating Microsoft with
                                  Virtual Consoles . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--106
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Joe Sixpack and Larry
                                  Lemming and Ralph Nader  . . . . . . . . 107--109
             Dominique S. Black   Binary Critic: Behind the Hype About the
                                  IT Labor and ``Shortage''  . . . . . . . 112, 110--111

Computer
Volume 31, Number 8, August, 1998

                 Ed Parrish and   
                  Tom Clune and   
                Phil Armour and   
       Jeffrey A. Rosenwald and   
              Joachim Feise and   
               Terry Vaughn and   
               Frank Preson and   
       R. G. (Ben) Bennetts and   
          Jeffrey Van Myers and   
           Robert A. Rivers and   
       Ramesh Narayanaswamy and   
              John Podlasek and   
               Stig Nilsson and   
             Giovanni Jaramillo   Report to Members; Members See Shades of
                                  Truth in Technology Worker Debate  . . . 7--12
           Richard Marlon Stein   Open Channel: T. J. Rodgers, H-1B Visas,
                                  and Me . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--8
                  George Lawton   Industry Trends: Biometrics: A New Era
                                  in Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--18
                Sixto Ortiz Jr.   Technology News: Active Networks: The
                                  Programmable Pipeline  . . . . . . . . . 19--21
                      Anonymous   News Briefs: Private Domain-Name System.
                                  FTC's Intel Case. Microsoft Moves Toward
                                  Object Interoperability  . . . . . . . . 22--25
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries: Cybersquare . . . . . 26--27
                   Mark D. Hill   Computing Practices: Multiprocessors
                                  Should Support Simple Memory-Consistency
                                  Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--34
                  Earl Long and   
                 Amit Misra and   
             Janos Sztipanovits   Cover Feature: Increasing Productivity
                                  at Saturn  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--43
                Manfred Schlett   Trends in Embedded-Microprocessor Design 44--49
              Jennifer Eyre and   
                      Jeff Bier   DSP Processors Hit the Mainstream  . . . 51--59
             Stephan Schulz and   
         Jerzy W. Rozenblit and   
               Michael Mrva and   
             Klaus Buchenrieder   Research Features: Model-Based Codesign  60--67
                 Tony Savor and   
             Rudolph E. Seviora   Toward Automatic Detection of Software
                                  Failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--74
              Hsinchun Chen and   
         Jay Nunamaker, Jr. and   
              Richard Orwig and   
                   Olga Titkova   News: Information Visualization for
                                  Collaborative Computing  . . . . . . . . 75--82
                      Anonymous   CS Update: Awards: Agerwala Receives
                                  1998 McDowell Award. Agrawal Receives
                                  1998 Goode Memorial Award. Wah,
                                  Ichikawa, and Bourbakis Earn Technical
                                  Achievement Awards. TAB Election
                                  Results. Science and Engineering Fair
                                  Winners  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--86
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 86--95
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: The Legalities of Inventing
                                  Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102--102
                Michael J. Lutz   New Tools; Membership News . . . . . . . 103--107
                 Neville Holmes   Standards: Toward Decent Text Encoding   108--109
                  Mark T. Smith   Integrated Engineering: Smart Cards:
                                  Integrating for Portable Complexity  . . 110--112
                     James Bach   Software Realities: The Highs and Lows
                                  of Change Control  . . . . . . . . . . . 113--115
                   Janet Wilson   Internet Watch: The IETF: Laying the
                                  Net's Asphalt  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116--117
                   Simon Napper   Binary Critic: Embedded-System Design
                                  Plays Catch-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120, 118--119

Computer
Volume 31, Number 9, September, 1998

       Michael A. Covington and   
                  Ted Lewis and   
           Hernan Astudillo and   
              Jukka Korpela and   
               Bruce Wilner and   
              Nigel Edwards and   
                      Qun Zhong   Letters  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
              Edward A. Parrish   Report to Members: Members React to
                                  Privacy and Encryption Survey  . . . . . 12--15
                   Lee Goldberg   Technology News: The Advent of `Green'
                                  Computer Design  . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--19
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Global Internet Summit:
                                  Home Networking Plan: Hyperlink
                                  Web-Searching Engine . . . . . . . . . . 20--21
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
            Patrick W. Dowd and   
                John T. McHenry   Network Security: It's Time to Take It
                                  Seriously  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24--28
                 Bruce Schneier   Cryptographic Design Vulnerabilities . . 29--33
             Aviel D. Rubin and   
             Daniel E. Geer Jr.   A Survey of Web Security . . . . . . . . 34--42
                  Rolf Oppliger   Security at the Internet Layer . . . . . 43--47
         William A. Arbaugh and   
             James R. Davin and   
            David J. Farber and   
              Jonathan M. Smith   Security for Virtual Private Intranets   48--56
           Thomas D. Tarman and   
       Robert L. Hutchinson and   
          Lyndon G. Pierson and   
         Peter E. Sholander and   
               Edward L. Witzke   Algorithm-Agile Encryption in ATM
                                  Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57--64
             Claude Petitpierre   Synchronous C++: A Language for
                                  Interactive Applications . . . . . . . . 65--72
                 Diana J. Bendz   Technical Activities Forum: Electronics
                                  and the Environment  . . . . . . . . . . 73--73
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 74--81
                      Anonymous   1998 CS Election: Candidate Statements
                                  for Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--89
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 90--100
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Peering into the Digital
                                  Crystal Ball . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101--101
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development:
                                  Rational Software's Ada Development
                                  Environment; Pragmatix Software's
                                  Meta-CASE Tool; Wibu Systems' Copy
                                  Protection Tools. Hardware Development:
                                  Diab Data's Suite of Analysis Tools for
                                  Embedded Applications; Mustang
                                  Software's Message Center Tool; RSI's
                                  AS/400 Client-Server Tool; SES's
                                  Client-Server Simulation Tool; CACI
                                  Products' Network Analysis Tools . . . . 102--104, 106
                    Mark Resmer   Standards: Internet Architectures for
                                  Learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--106
              Patricia Cravener   Internet Watch: Education on the Web: A
                                  Rejoinder  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107--111
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: What to Do About
                                  Microsoft  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112, 109--111

Computer
Volume 31, Number 10, October, 1998

             Charlie Alfred and   
                  Ted Lewis and   
               John O. Goyo and   
                  Ted Lewis and   
                Garth Klatt and   
              George M. Samaras   Letters: Lemmings and Software Quality;
                                  US Navy C2 Rating; The Imperfection of
                                  Engineering; Success and Failure
                                  Revisited  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
                   John Edwards   Industry Trends: The Changing Face of
                                  Freeware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11--13
                 Barry Phillips   Technology News: Designers: The Browser
                                  War Casualties . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--16
                  George Lawton   News Briefs: Sun Joins Tetherless
                                  Network Fray; Private Doorbells:
                                  Solution to Encryption Controversy; Web
                                  Extensions Promise Distributed
                                  Computing; Wall Street Conducts Major
                                  Y2K Test; Sun Prepares to Submit First
                                  Java Standard; Netscape Loses More
                                  Ground in Browser War  . . . . . . . . . 17--19
                 Barry Phillips   Article Summaries: Computing Practices   20--21
              Harlan McGhan and   
                  Mike O'Connor   Computing Practices: PicoJava: A Direct
                                  Execution Engine For Java Bytecode . . . 22--30
           Daniel S. Goldin and   
          Samuel L. Venneri and   
                  Ahmed K. Noor   Cybersquare: Beyond Incremental Change   31--39
               David A. Solomon   Cover Feature: The Windows NT Kernel
                                  Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--47
        Luis Felipe Cabrera and   
               Brian Andrew and   
              Kyle Peltonen and   
                Norbert Kusters   Cover Feature: Advances in Windows NT
                                  Storage Management . . . . . . . . . . . 48--54
                Rod Gamache and   
                  Rob Short and   
                     Mike Massa   Cover Feature: Windows NT Clustering
                                  Service  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--62
                Stephen G. Eick   Research Feature: A Visualization Tool
                                  for Y2K  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63--69
     Shubhendu S. Mukherjee and   
                   Mark D. Hill   Research Feature: Making Network
                                  Interfaces Less Peripheral . . . . . . . 70--76
            Rajive Bagrodia and   
              Richard Meyer and   
                Mineo Takai and   
                 Yu-an Chen and   
                 Xiang Zeng and   
                 Jay Martin and   
              Ha Yoon Song News   Research Feature: Parsec: A Parallel
                                  Simulation Environment for Complex
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--85
                 N. Ranganathan   Technical Activities Forum: A Forum for
                                  VLSI Practitioners . . . . . . . . . . . 86--86
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 87--108
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Programming for High-End
                                  JavaBeans; Intel Secrets; Ada and
                                  Concurrency; Data-Modeling Primer;
                                  Technology and Economics; Dissecting a
                                  Microprocessor; Real-World ATM; When
                                  Computers Run Amok . . . . . . . . . . . 109--109
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development:
                                  Rational Software's Development Tools
                                  for Ada, Artlandia's Mathematica
                                  Graphics Tool, ISE's EiffelBase Library
                                  Available for Free, Annasoft System's
                                  Windows CE Development Tool. Hardware
                                  Development: White Mountain's DSP Tools,
                                  Analogy's Mixed-Signal IC Simulator,
                                  Dynamic Soft Analysis' Thermal Analysis
                                  Tool; Net Development: Framework
                                  Technologies' Project Management System,
                                  CAI's Message Broker, Gordian's Network
                                  Redirector Software; Component
                                  Technology: Black & White's Usage Control
                                  Software for Multi-ORB CORBA
                                  Implementations, IONA Technologies'
                                  Middleware Development Tools, GreenTree
                                  Technologies' ActiveX Controls, KL
                                  Group's JavaBeans with Automatic Data
                                  Binding  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110--114
                   Nate Zelnick   Standards: Nifty Technology and
                                  Nonconformance: The Web in Crisis  . . . 115--116
               Harold W. Lawson   Integrated Engineering: From Busyware to
                                  Stableware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117--119
                      Jon Bosak   Internet Watch: Media-Independent
                                  Publishing: Four Myths about XML . . . . 120--122
                   David Notkin   Open Channel: The Lifeblood of Our Field 123--123
                     James Bach   Software Realities: A Framework for Good
                                  Enough Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124--127
 Robert N. Britcher Departments   Binary Critic: Software Reliability:
                                  Numbers Aren't the Whole Story . . . . . 128, 127

Computer
Volume 31, Number 11, November, 1998

              Terry Clinton and   
                Tom Parsons and   
               Capers Jones and   
              William Adams and   
                Garth Klatt and   
                Eric Haines and   
                  Ted Lewis and   
            Philip Machanik and   
               Stig Nilsson and   
                  Karl Reed and   
          Howard R. Stearns and   
             Neville Holmes and   
                   John Brownie   Letters: The Benefits of Model-Based
                                  Integration; Documentation is Not Green;
                                  Picking on the Overdog; Buggy, Slow
                                  Windoze; There's No Such Thing as Free
                                  Software; Linus' Law of Open Source
                                  Development; Bug-Free Development? No
                                  Way; Governmental IT Planning and the
                                  Computer Society; Text Encoding
                                  Questions; Encoding the World's
                                  Languages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 5--7, 11
                  John Callahan   Industry Trends: Moving Toward
                                  Effortless Networking  . . . . . . . . . 12--15
                 Gene Koprowski   Technology News: Emerging Uncertainty
                                  over IPv6  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--17, 20
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: HTTP Next-Generation;
                                  Faster PCI Bus; Smart-Card Technology
                                  Standard; New Chip Technologies  . . . . 18--23
  Christoforos E. Kozyrakis and   
             David A. Patterson   Cybersquare: A New Direction for
                                  Computer Architecture Research . . . . . 24--32
              Douglas Barry and   
              Torsten Stanienda   Computing Practices: Solving the Java
                                  Object Storage Problem . . . . . . . . . 33--41
            Andrew A. Chien and   
               Mark D. Hill and   
         Shubhendu S. Mukherjee   Cover Feature: Design Challenges for
                                  High-Performance Network Interfaces  . . 42--45
               Simon Walton and   
                Anne Hutton and   
                      Joe Touch   High-Speed Data Paths in Host-Based
                                  Routers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46--52
      Raoul A. F. Bhoedjang and   
              Tim Rühl and   
                   Henri E. Bal   User-Level Network Interface Protocols   53--60
        Thorsten von Eicken and   
                  Werner Vogels   Evolution of the Virtual Interface
                                  Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--68
              Whay Sing Lee and   
           William J. Dally and   
         Stephen W. Keckler and   
         Nicholas P. Carter and   
                   Andrew Chang   An Efficient, Protected Message
                                  Interface  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--75
               Fred Douglis and   
               Steve Chapin and   
                      Jim Isaak   Technical Activities Forum: Internet
                                  Research on Internet Time  . . . . . . . 76--77
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 78--111
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Doing Business with Use Cases 112--112
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development:
                                  Galorath's Parametric Estimation Tool;
                                  Uniscape's Multilingual API and Runtime
                                  Library; Object International's UML
                                  Modeler; ObjecTime Limited's Real-Time
                                  Code Generation Tool. Hardware
                                  Development: Diab Industry's Java
                                  Compiler for Embedded Systems; Verilog's
                                  Embedded Systems Tool; Intusoft's
                                  Simulation-Based Test Synthesis Tool.
                                  Net Development: Rational Software's
                                  Web-Based Load-Testing Tool; IONA
                                  Technologies' Internet Security Tool;
                                  Sonic Systems' ICSA-Certified Low-Cost
                                  Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113--116
              Charles Severance   Standards: Firewire Finally Comes Home   117--118
                   Volker Turau   Internet Watch: The Fortune 500 Web  . . 119--120
                 Neville Holmes   Open Channel: The Myth of the Computer
                                  Revolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121--122
                 Bertrand Meyer   Object Technology: The Role of
                                  Object-Oriented Metrics  . . . . . . . . 123--125
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: The Legacy Maturity Model 128, 125--127

Computer
Volume 31, Number 12, December, 1998

               Vir V. Phoha and   
          Norman S. Clerman and   
          William R. Duncan and   
            Daniele Farnedi and   
                    Bryan Kelly   Letters: Limitations of IPv4 Ensure
                                  Future of IPv6; Proprietary Product
                                  Coverage; What Brooks' Law Says;
                                  Upgrading with COTS; NT Storage
                                  Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
                      Anonymous   Report to Members: Members Elect
                                  Officers and Board Members for 1999  . . 10--11
                     Lee Garber   Industry Trends: US Will Grant More
                                  High-Tech Visas; Internet Pioneer Jon
                                  Postel Dies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--16
                    David Clark   Technology News: Heavy Traffic Drives
                                  Networks to IP over Sonet  . . . . . . . 17--20
                  George Lawgon   News Briefs: Alliance Wants to Give
                                  Voice to the Net; Intel Pushes for Unix
                                  Standards; Groups Seek to End Browser
                                  Wars; Initiative Hopes to Drive Basic
                                  Chip Research; HTML+TIME Promises Better
                                  Multimedia; Keyword Browsing Promises
                                  Simple Web Access  . . . . . . . . . . . 21--23
          Cynthia E. Irvine and   
              Shiu-Kai Chin and   
                Deborah Frincke   Integrating Security into the Curriculum 25--30
           Benjamin Falchuk and   
                 Ahmed Karmouch   Visual Modeling for Agent-Based
                                  Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--38
              Munindar P. Singh   Agent Communication Languages:
                                  Rethinking the Principles  . . . . . . . 40--47
             Pearl Brereton and   
               David Budgen and   
                 Geoff Hamilton   Hypertext: The Next Maintenance Mountain 49--55
                      Anonymous   Annual Index: Volume 31, 1998  . . . . . 56--67
             Janos Sztipanovits   Technical Activities Forum: Integrated
                                  Engineering of Computer-Based Systems    68--69
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   CS Update; WW II Cryptologist [Jack
                                  Good] Receives Pioneer Award; Colossus
                                  Builder Tommy Flowers (1905--1998); DCI
                                  Founder [George Schussel] Receives
                                  Entrepreneur Award; 1998 Bell Prize
                                  Recognizes Advances in Parallel
                                  Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--73
              Edward A. Parrish   \em Computer Reviewers, 1998 . . . . . . 73--76
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 77--79
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 80--116
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Placing User Needs First,
                                  Technology Last  . . . . . . . . . . . . 117--117
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development:
                                  Genitor's C/C++ Tools; Distributive Data
                                  Systems' Metric Tool for Enterprise-Wide
                                  Measurement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118, 121
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Hardware Development: Green
                                  Hills' Development Environment for ARM
                                  Processors; Metrowerks' Embedded GUI
                                  Framework  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119--119
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Net Development: IONA
                                  Technologies' Middleware Messaging
                                  System; Banyan Software's
                                  Directory-Enabled User Management System 120--120
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Component Technology:
                                  4Developers' Tool for Managing ActiveX
                                  and COM files; SoftWired's Java-based
                                  Object Delivery API  . . . . . . . . . . 121--121
                 Todd Carpenter   Integrated Engineering: Avionics
                                  Integration for CNS\ldots ATM  . . . . . 124--126
                Johanna Rothman   Software Realities: Of Crazy Numbers and
                                  Release Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . 127--128
                      Jim Isaak   Standards: The Role of Government in IT
                                  Standards  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129--129
              Michael Monticino   Internet Watch: Web Analysis: Stripping
                                  Away the Hype  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130--132
                     Will Tracz   Open Channel: Changing the Channel . . . 133--133
                    Brian Halla   Binary Critic: How the PC Will Disappear 136, 134--135


Computer
Volume 32, Number 1, January, 1999

                 James H. Aylor   Editor's Message: Computer for the 21st
                                  Century  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
               Leonard L. Tripp   President's Message: Lengthening Our
                                  Stride: Our 1999 Plan  . . . . . . . . . 7--8
                 Ambrose Li and   
           Justus Pendelton and   
               Norman Hines and   
                 Wayne Ding and   
               Phil Crooker and   
                  Jim Aylor and   
           Dilip K. Banerji and   
       Lexis H. Rivera-Rios and   
            Steve Masticola and   
                      Ted Lewis   Letters: When is Software Free and When
                                  Is It Freeware?  . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--11
                   John Charles   Industry Trends: Neural Interfaces Link
                                  the Mind and the Machine . . . . . . . . 16--18
                   John Edwards   Technology News: Employment 1999:
                                  Opportunities Amid Challenges  . . . . . 19--22
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Apple Engineers a Major
                                  Turnaround; Java Battles Brew on Several
                                  Fronts; IBM and SGI Unveil Ultrafast
                                  Supercomputers; Y2K Briefs . . . . . . . 23--25
                      Greg Goth   Y2K in Brief: Concern Rising About Y2KA
                                  (The Y2K Aftermath)  . . . . . . . . . . 26--26
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 28--29
               Krishna Kavi and   
               James Browne and   
                 Anand Tripathi   Computer Systems Research: The Pressure
                                  Is On  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--39
              Jonathan M. Smith   Programmable Networks: Selected
                                  Challenges in Computer Networking  . . . 40--42
                 Scott Hamilton   Semiconductor Research Corporation;
                                  Taking Moore's Law Into the Next Century 43--50
                   Howard Rubin   Diary of a Y2K Consultant: Bracing for
                                  the Millennium . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--56
          Mark Billinghurst and   
                   Thad Starner   Wearable Devices: New Ways to Manage
                                  Information  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57--64
            Bill N. Schilit and   
            Morgan N. Price and   
          Gene Golovchinsky and   
                 Kei Tanaka and   
          Catherine C. Marshall   News: As We May Read: The Reading
                                  Appliance Revolution . . . . . . . . . . 65--73
                      Anonymous   IEEE Engineering of Computer Based
                                  Systems Symposium and Workstations
                                  (ECBS99): Advance Tutorial and Technical
                                  Program  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--75
                Jeffrey M. Voas   Technical Activities Forum: The Future
                                  of Computer Assurance  . . . . . . . . . 76--77
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection; Activities
                                  and Opportunities: 1999 Outlook;
                                  Volunteer Opportunities; Impact Event;
                                  Bylaws Amendment; Parrish Receives IEEE
                                  Service Award  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--83
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 84--89
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Minding Your Database Manners 124--124
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Today Comdex, Tomorrow the
                                  World  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125--130
              Charles Severance   Standards; Posix: A Model for Future
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131--132
             Soon-Tong Choi and   
             Andrew B. Whinston   Internet Watch: The Future of
                                  E-Commerce: Integrate and Customize  . . 133--134
                Barry Boehm and   
                     Chris Abts   Management: COTS Integration: Plug and
                                  Pray?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135--138
                 Bertrand Meyer   Component and Object Technology: On to
                                  Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139--140
                  Ted Lewis and   
             Benjamin C. Fuller   Binary Critic: Fast-Lane Browsers Put
                                  the Web on Wheels  . . . . . . . . . . . 144, 141--143

Computer
Volume 32, Number 2, February, 1999

          Warren Montgomery and   
              Hugh R. Kress and   
              Hannes Lubich and   
          Michael Scheffler and   
                 Norman Lorrain   Letters: Y2K Lessons for Developers; Y2K
                                  is not the Millennium; What Will Drive
                                  IPv6 Adoption?; Friendly Freeware
                                  Service; Layers of Common Sense  . . . . 4, 6
                      Anonymous   Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--6
                Sixto Ortiz Jr.   Industry Trends: New Chips Move
                                  Networking onto Silicon  . . . . . . . . 7--9
                  George Lawton   Technology News: Vendors Battle over
                                  Mobile OS Market . . . . . . . . . . . . 13--15
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Net Access Becomes Key
                                  Factor in Selling PCs; Universal
                                  Networking Language; New Standard for
                                  Expanding IP Telephony; Y2K Report . . . 16--18
                      Greg Goth   Y2K Briefs: UN Takes Y2K Action  . . . . 19--19
               Howard Rubin and   
                  James Sanders   Rubin's Y2K Diary: Mantras, Blacklists,
                                  and Precedents . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--20
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
             Savitha Srinivasan   Design Patterns in Object-Oriented
                                  Frameworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24--32
           Thomas P. Hughes and   
               Jerry R. Sheehan   What Has Influenced Computing
                                  Innovation?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33--43
               Bruce Schatz and   
                  Hsinchun Chen   Digital Libraries: Technological
                                  Advances and Social Impacts  . . . . . . 45--50
               Bruce Schatz and   
             William Mischo and   
               Timothy Cole and   
                 Ann Bishop and   
                Susan Harum and   
               Eric Johnson and   
              Laura Neumann and   
              Hsinchun Chen and   
                      Dorbin Ng   Federated Search of Scientific
                                  Literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--59
          Spencer W. Thomas and   
              Ken Alexander and   
                  Kevin Guthrie   Technology Choices for the JSTOR Online
                                  Archive  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60--65
          Howard D. Wactlar and   
        Michael G. Christel and   
                Yihong Gong and   
         Alexander G. Hauptmann   Lessons Learned from Building a Terabyte
                                  Digital Video Library  . . . . . . . . . 66--73
              Ian H. Witten and   
            Rodger J. McNab and   
                Steve Jones and   
              Mark Apperley and   
           David Bainbridge and   
            Sally Jo Cunningham   Managing Complexity in a Distributed
                                  Digital Library  . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--79
            Andreas Paepcke and   
 Michelle Q. Wang Baldonado and   
        Chen-Chuan K. Chang and   
              Steve Cousins and   
           Hector Garcia-Molina   Using Distributed Objects to Build the
                                  Stanford Digital Library Infobus . . . . 80--87
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection:
                                  International Design Competition; 1999
                                  Fellows; Officer Appointments  . . . . . 88--93
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 94--97
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 98--109
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Learning From Our Mistakes    110--110
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development; Net
                                  Development; Hardware Development  . . . 111--113
            Gary C. Kessler and   
              Ken Rosenblad and   
              Steven D. Shepard   Internet Watch: The Web \em Can Be
                                  Suitable for Learning  . . . . . . . . . 114--115
          Josef Fleischmann and   
             Klaus Buchenrieder   Integrated Engineering: Prototyping
                                  Networked Embedded Systems . . . . . . . 116--119
                     James Bach   Software Realities: Reframing
                                  Requirements Analysis  . . . . . . . . . 120--122
                 T. W. Williams   Open Channel: IEEE-USA and the Issue of
                                  Member Choice  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123--124
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: The Open Source Acid Test 128, 125--127

Computer
Volume 32, Number 3, March, 1999

               Gary Kephart and   
       David J. Pfaltzgraff and   
           William B. Adams and   
     Stephen Blanchette Jr. and   
                    Barry Boehm   Letters: Looking Forward Can Hurt Your
                                  Brain; Alone on the Road Less Traveled;
                                  What's New about COTS Headaches? . . . . 4, 6
                  George Lawton   Industry Trends: New Technologies Take
                                  the Network Home . . . . . . . . . . . . 11--14
                   Neal Leavitt   Technology News: Will 1999 Be the Year
                                  of IP Telephony? . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--17
                      Greg Goth   News Briefs: Groups Duel over New I/O
                                  Standards; Oracle, Sun Team Up to Dump
                                  the OS; Bringing the Net to Mobile
                                  Appliances; Irish Girl Invents New
                                  E-Mail Encryption; Group Releases Draft
                                  Biometric-API Specs; Toshiba Announces
                                  Smallest Memory Chip . . . . . . . . . . 18--20
                      Greg Goth   Y2K in Brief: US Corporations' Y2K
                                  Efforts Go Global  . . . . . . . . . . . 21--21
               Howard Rubin and   
                  James Sanders   Rubin's Y2K Diary: Doing the Y2K Spin:
                                  Is Image Everything? . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 24--26
                    Marina Krol   Cybersquare: Have We Witnessed a
                                  Real-Life Turing Test? . . . . . . . . . 27--30
         Hemant K. Bhargava and   
             Suresh Sridhar and   
                  Craig Herrick   Computing Practices: Beyond
                                  Spreadsheets: Tools for Building
                                  Decision Support Systems . . . . . . . . 31--39
              Girish Pathak and   
                  Shri K. Goyal   Guest Editors' Introduction:
                                  Transforming Business Through
                                  Information Technology . . . . . . . . . 40--41
   Krishnamurthy Srinivasan and   
           Sundaresan Jayaraman   The Changing Role of Information
                                  Technology in Manufacturing  . . . . . . 42--49
            Richard Brandau and   
               Tony Confrey and   
               Alin D'Silva and   
        Christopher Matheus and   
               Robert Weihmayer   Reinventing GTE with Information
                                  Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--58
                Mark Norris and   
              Paul Muschamp and   
                      Steve Sim   The BT Intranet: Information by Design   59--66
                 Dawn Jutla and   
              Peter Bodorik and   
           Catherine Hajnal and   
                  Charles Davis   Making Business Sense of Electronic
                                  Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--75
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection; Society
                                  Activities Attract New Members; Two
                                  Presented Technical Achievement Awards;
                                  Michael C. Mulder Tribute  . . . . . . . 76--79
                  Cem Kaner and   
             Robert Colwell and   
              Richard Stern and   
                Kevin W. Bowyer   Your Call: When a Product Doesn't
                                  Measure Up to Its Claims . . . . . . . . 80--82
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 83--84, 86--89
                      Anonymous   Careers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92--102
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Are You Listening, Dave?;
                                  Cultural Team Chemistry; Java Image
                                  Processing; Y2K Preparation; Making
                                  Distributed Objects Work for COM-CORBA;
                                  Fuzzy System Use . . . . . . . . . . . . 103--103
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development; Net
                                  Development; Hardware Development  . . . 104--107
                 Bruce Schneier   Internet Watch: Cryptography: The
                                  Importance of Not Being Different  . . . 108--109
               Harold W. Lawson   Standards: Defining Stakeholder
                                  Relationships  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110--112
                    Barry Boehm   Management: Making RAD Work for Your
                                  Project  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113--114
                 Paul F. Dubois   Component and Object Technology:
                                  Scientific Components Are Coming . . . . 115--117
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Innovation in the Small   120, 118--119

Computer
Volume 32, Number 4, April, 1999

               John Slimick and   
                 T. W. Williams   Letters: In Crediting Innovation, Don't
                                  Forget Entrepreneurs . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
                     Lee Garber   Industry Trends: Steve Deering on IP
                                  Next Generation  . . . . . . . . . . . . 11--13
                 Ilan Greenberg   Technology News: Facing Up to New
                                  Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--16
                  Greg Goth and   
                  George Lawton   News Briefs: XML Specs Duel for
                                  E-Commerce; Pentium III Privacy Flap
                                  Continues; New Chips Promise Speed,
                                  Adaptability; Researchers Work on
                                  Interactive Agents; Groups Work on
                                  Standards for Storage Networks . . . . . 17--19
                      Greg Goth   Y2K Report: Y2K in Brief; Groups Help
                                  Third World Fight Y2K Problem; Lawmakers
                                  Seek Y2K Immunity; Russian Y2K Effort
                                  Hampered by Low Funding  . . . . . . . . 20--20
               Howard Rubin and   
                  James Sanders   Rubin's Y2K Diary: Getting Down and
                                  Dirty  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21--21
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
                Kenneth Nichols   The Age of Software Patents  . . . . . . 25--31
          Jonathan M. Smith and   
         Kenneth L. Calvert and   
           Sandra L. Murphy and   
           Hilarie K. Orman and   
              Larry L. Peterson   Activating Networks: A Progress Report   32--41
            David Wetherall and   
                John Guttag and   
              David Tennenhouse   ANTS: Network Services Without the Red
                                  Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--48
            John J. Hartman and   
             Peter A. Bigot and   
            Patrick Bridges and   
                Brady Montz and   
                  Rob Piltz and   
          Oliver Spatscheck and   
         Todd A. Proebsting and   
          Larry L. Peterson and   
                    Andy Bavier   Joust: A Platform for Liquid Software    50--56
             Sushil Jajodia and   
                Paul Ammann and   
          Catherine D. McCollum   Surviving Information Warfare Attacks    57--63
                   Ming Fan and   
              Jan Stallaert and   
        Andrew B. Whinston NEWS   A Web-Based Financial Trading System . . 64--70
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection: Computer
                                  Society Tool a Finalist for Codie Award;
                                  Program Brings Expert Tutorials to CS
                                  Chapters; Any Member Can Start a
                                  Chapter; Read the Raymond Interview
                                  Online; Computer Society Honors Seven
                                  Outstanding Students; International
                                  Science and Engineering Fair . . . . . . 72--75
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 76--78, 80, 82--84
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 86--92
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Software Engineering Success
                                  Stories  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--93
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Component Technology:
                                  Harlequin's OO Environment for
                                  Enterprise Development; Tom Sawyer
                                  Software's Graph Editor Toolkit for
                                  ActiveX. Net Development: GoAhead
                                  Software's Remote Upgrade Software; Blue
                                  Lobster's Legacy-to-Web Application.
                                  Software Development: Mozart
                                  Consortium's Development Platform;
                                  InstallShield's Windows CE Installation
                                  Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94--96
                  Hal Burch and   
                  Bill Cheswick   Internet Watch: Mapping the Internet . . 97--98
           Piotr Czapiewski and   
          Rajaraman Ganesan and   
               Dean Volkert and   
                    Bruce Weber   Integrated Engineering: Integrated,
                                  Computer-Aided Order Fulfillment . . . . 99--102
                    Gary McGraw   Software Realities: Software Assurance
                                  for Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103--105
                 Paul J. Kostek   Open Channel: IEEE-USA and Technical
                                  Professionalism  . . . . . . . . . . . . 106--107
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Asbestos Pajamas: An Open
                                  Source Dialogue  . . . . . . . . . . . . 112, 108--111

Computer
Volume 32, Number 5, May, 1999

              Gideon Gimlan and   
                   Rex Page and   
            Bruce E. Hayden and   
               David A. E. Wall   Letters: Relax, Not Everyone is Out to
                                  Sue You; Patent Education is in Order;
                                  The Claims Hold the Key; The State of
                                  Software Reuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--10
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Report to Members: With Two New Awards,
                                  We Honor Unix, RISC Innovators . . . . . 11--13
                   John Edwards   Industry Trends: Convergence Reshapes
                                  the Networking Industry  . . . . . . . . 14--16
                   John Charles   Technology News: Middleware Moves to the
                                  Forefront  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--19
                     Lee Garber   News Briefs: Linux Support Ranges from
                                  GUI to Big Blue; New XML Standards;
                                  Partnership for Advanced Computational
                                  Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--22
                      Greg Goth   Y2K in Brief: Utilities Say They Are
                                  Ready for Y2K  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--23
                   Howard Rubin   Rubin's Y2K Diary: Just Say YES Corps    24--24
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 26--27
            Andrew Grimshaw and   
               Adam Ferrari and   
            Frederick Knabe and   
                 Marty Humphrey   Wide-Area Computing: Resource Sharing on
                                  a Large Scale  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29--37
               Jerry Z. Gao and   
                  Cris Chen and   
         Yasufumi Toyoshima and   
                 David K. Leung   Engineering on the Internet for Global
                                  Software Production  . . . . . . . . . . 38--47
                 Larry Wall and   
            David A. Taylor and   
                 Chris Horn and   
               Paul Bassett and   
         John K. Ousterhout and   
            Martin L. Griss and   
         Richard Mark Soley and   
                  Jim Waldo and   
                Charles Simonyi   Software [R]evolution: A Roundtable  . . 48--57
               Daniel Cooke and   
               Joseph Urban and   
                 Scott Hamilton   Unix and Beyond: An Interview with Ken
                                  Thompson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58--64
             James M. Boyle and   
           R. Daniel Resler and   
               Victor L. Winter   Do You Trust Your Compiler?  . . . . . . 65--73
                  Sudha Ram and   
                Jinsoo Park and   
                 George L. Ball   Semantic-Model Support for Geographic
                                  Information Systems  . . . . . . . . . . 74--81
               Deborah Scherrer   Technical Activities Forum: Wearable
                                  Computing Comes of Age . . . . . . . . . 82--83
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection: Advancing
                                  Software Engineering as a Profession . . 84--87
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 88--93
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 94--101
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: No Character: How Apple Lots
                                  Its Way  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102--102
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Net Development: Sun's Java
                                  Embedded Server; MetaCreation's
                                  Web-Savvy Graphics Tool; WebCompiler's
                                  HTML Packaging Tool. Component
                                  Technology: ProtoVIew Development's
                                  ActiveX Tools; Avilon Software's Load
                                  Balancing Component System. Software
                                  Development: Verilog's Test Checker; Red
                                  Hat and Metrowerks' Development Tools
                                  for Linux; The Object Factory's
                                  Optimization Tool; Acumen Systems's SDK
                                  for Imaging; Aonix's Process-Oriented
                                  Lifecycle Environment; Baan's Embedded
                                  Software Development Suite . . . . . . . 103--107
                     Joe Throop   Standards: OpenMP: Shared-Memory
                                  Parallelism from the Ashes . . . . . . . 108--109
                     Ware Myers   Management: Early Communication Key to
                                  Software Project Success . . . . . . . . 110--111
                     Ron Vetter   Internet Watch: Web-Based Enterprise
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112--113
                     Jon Siegel   Component and Object Technology: A
                                  Preview of CORBA 3 . . . . . . . . . . . 114--116
                 Darren Dalcher   Open Channel: Simplicity and Power: When
                                  More Means Less  . . . . . . . . . . . . 117--117
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Something for Nothing . . 120, 118--119

Computer
Volume 32, Number 6, June, 1999

           Leonard L. Tripp and   
              Thomas J. Plevyak   Presidents' Message  . . . . . . . . . . 4, 9
              Bob Frankston and   
                Alec Effrat and   
          Fred L. Schneider and   
                Ed Viguerie and   
         William D. Jackson and   
               Jim Geringer and   
            Kenneth Nichols and   
            Alexander Fronk and   
             Pearl Brereton and   
               David Budgen and   
                 Geoff Hamilton   Letters: The Home Network Will Be an IP
                                  Network; Pining for the Perfect Job;
                                  What the Dickens Make Thompson Fault
                                  Linux?; UNIX Systems Laboratory; Presto!
                                  A True Test of AI; Are Software Patents
                                  Really Different?; Support for Hypertext
                                  Maintenance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--9
                Sixto Ortiz Jr.   Industry Trends: The Battle over
                                  Real-Time Java . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13--15
                     Lee Garber   Technology News: Melissa Virus Creates a
                                  New Type of Threat . . . . . . . . . . . 16--19
                  George Lawton   News Briefs: Battle Begins for Device
                                  Network Supremacy; VXML Forum Is
                                  Created; Advanced Internet Center Opens  20--21
                      Anne Lear   Y2K Report: Y2K in Brief: Latin America
                                  Faces Y2K Difficulties; Federal Agencies
                                  Redefine ``Mission Critical''; Y2K
                                  Market Adapting for Small Business . . . 22--22
                   Howard Rubin   Rubin's Y2K Diary: Lashing Down the
                                  World  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24--25
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 26--27
          John A. Stankovic and   
              Sang Hyuk Son and   
                 Jorgen Hansson   Misconceptions About Real-Time Databases 29--36
                      Anonymous   Vying for the Lead in High-Performance
                                  Processors: An interview with Gary
                                  Lauterbach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38--41
              Mark Birnbaum and   
                   Howard Sachs   How VSIA Answers the SOC Dilemma . . . . 42--50
             Yervant Zorian and   
        Erik Jan Marinissen and   
                      Sujit Dey   Testing Embedded-Core-Based System Chips 52--60
               Gary Silcott and   
               Janet Wilson and   
              Neil Peterson and   
             William Peisel and   
                Kirk L. Kroeker   SOCs Drive New Product Development: SOC
                                  Challenges for Wireless Handsets; Thin
                                  Clients Benefit form SOC; Networking the
                                  Office with SOCs; MEMS Technology
                                  Emerges  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--66
             Steve Lawrence and   
               C. Lee Giles and   
                 Kurt Bollacker   Digital Libraries and Autonomous
                                  Citation Indexing  . . . . . . . . . . . 67--71
           Fredrik Dahlgren and   
                Josep Torrellas   Cache-Only Memory Architectures  . . . . 72--79
               Shlomo Weiss and   
               Ehud Finkelstein   Extending PCI Performance Beyond the
                                  Desktop  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--87
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection: Fall
                                  Conference Preview; Computer Architect
                                  Prize Awarded to Smith; Past Computer
                                  Society President Receives Service Award 88--92
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 93--105
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Towrad Software You Can
                                  Depend On  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106--106
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Net Development: Entrust's
                                  Open Toolkits; IBM's Parallel Enterprise
                                  Server; Talarian's Message-Queueing
                                  Product; SGI's Open Source SAN
                                  Management Software. Software
                                  Development: ParaSoft's Automatic
                                  Error-Detection Tool; Aonix's GUI
                                  Management System for Solaris 7.
                                  Component Technology: IONA Technologies'
                                  EJB Toolkit; ProtoView's Diagramming
                                  Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107--110
             Brian E. Carpenter   Internet Watch: What's All the Fuss
                                  About Differentiated Services? . . . . . 111--112
                     James Bach   Software Realities: Risk and
                                  Requirements-Based Testing . . . . . . . 113--114
        Marco A. Figueiredo and   
          Patrick H. Stakem and   
          Thomas P. Flatley and   
                Tonjua M. Hines   Integrated Engineering: Extending NASA's
                                  Data Processing to Spacecraft  . . . . . 115--118
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Jump-Starting the Global
                                  Vending Machine  . . . . . . . . . . . . 120, 118--119

Computer
Volume 32, Number 7, July, 1999

                   Neal Leavitt   Technology News: Online 3D: Still
                                  Waiting After All These Years  . . . . . 4, 6--7
                  George Lawton   News Briefs: Standard to Bring Order to
                                  IP Traffic; European Parliament Wants
                                  Surveillance of Net Traffic; ATM Forum
                                  Seeks to Make ATM More IP-Friendly;
                                  Chatterbots: The Web Gets Help from AI   11--13
                   Anne C. Lear   Y2K Report: Y2K in Brief: Y2K Command
                                  Centers Focus on Containment . . . . . . 14--14
                   Howard Rubin   Rubin's Y2K Diary: The Declaration of
                                  Interdependence  . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--15
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 16--17
                   Moshe Sipper   The Emergence of Cellular Computing  . . 18--26
                    Matt Reilly   Designing an Alpha Microprocessor  . . . 27--34
             Bertrand Meyer and   
              Christine Mingins   Component-Based Development: From Buzz
                                  to Spark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--37
           Antoine Beugnard and   
Jean-Marc Jézéquel and   
         Noël Plouzeau and   
                 Damien Watkins   Making Components Contract Aware . . . . 38--45
Cynthia Della Torre Cicalese and   
            Shmuel Rotenstreich   Behavioral Specification of Distributed
                                  Software Component Interfaces  . . . . . 46--53
            Robert J. Stets and   
              Galen C. Hunt and   
               Michael L. Scott   Component-Based APIs for Versioning and
                                  Distributed Applications . . . . . . . . 54--61
           Priya Narasimhan and   
            Louise E. Moser and   
            P. M. Melliar-Smith   Using Interceptors to Enhance CORBA  . . 62--68
                      Anonymous   Call for Participation: 1999
                                  International Conference on Parallel
                                  Processing (ICPP-99), The University of
                                  Aizu, Aizu, Fukushima, Japan, September
                                  21--24, 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--69
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers: International Symposium
                                  on Information Technology: Coding and
                                  Computing, March 27--29, 2000, Las
                                  Vegas, NV, USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--70
                Guijun Wang and   
                  Liz Ungar and   
                  Dan Klawitter   Component Assembly for OO Distributed
                                  Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--78
                 Mark Baker and   
             Rajkumar Buyya and   
                       Dan Hyde   Technical Activities Forum: Cluster
                                  Computing: A High-Performance Contender  79--80
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection: Teacher and
                                  Innovator Receives Award; Board Approves
                                  Ballot for Computer Society Offices  . . 81--83
                  Michel Israel   Financial Report: Computer Society
                                  Financially Strong: 1998 Financial
                                  Results  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84--89
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 90--93
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 94--98
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Case-Driven Object Modelling
                                  with UML; Virtual-Human Integration;
                                  Genetic Programming; Java Image
                                  Processing; WAP Programming  . . . . . . 99--99
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Net Development: SoftQuad
                                  Software's XML Tool; Rebol's Internet
                                  Messaging Language. Component
                                  Technology: Dart Communications'
                                  Terminal Emulation Component; Artisoft's
                                  Telephony Components; Digital Design's
                                  Controls for Creating OLAP Apps.
                                  Hardware Development: Hewlett--Packard's
                                  Circuit Synthesis Tool; SGI's MIPS
                                  Compiler; Applied Microsystems' Tools
                                  for Motorola Processors  . . . . . . . . 100--102
                  Stefan Knight   Internet Watch: The Role of ADSL in
                                  Internet Access  . . . . . . . . . . . . 103--103
                      Guy Eddon   Component and Object Technology: COM+:
                                  The Evolution of Component Services  . . 104--106
                   Lynn Carrier   Management: Managing at Light Speed  . . 107--109
          Michael Macedonia and   
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Sony Versus Wintel:
                                  Mortal Combat  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112, 109--111

Computer
Volume 32, Number 8, August, 1999

             Ilan Greenberg and   
                     Lee Garber   Industry Trends: Searching for New
                                  Search Technologies  . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6--7, 11
                    David Clark   Technology News: Preparing for a New
                                  Generation of Wireless Data  . . . . . . 8--11
                      Anonymous   IEEE CS Membership Application . . . . . 12--14
                   Anne C. Lear   News Briefs: Explorer Worm Targets
                                  Networks; H-1B Visa Cap Reached; Higher
                                  Limit Proposed; Encryption Industry
                                  Grows Outside US; Software Design Flaw
                                  Spurs Lawsuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--17
                   Anne C. Lear   Y2K Report: Y2K in Brief: Global Banking
                                  Simulation Is Successful . . . . . . . . 18--18
                   Howard Rubin   Rubin's Y2K Diary: Paying the Price for
                                  Ubiquitous Connectivity  . . . . . . . . 19--19
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 20--21
            Robert D. Silverman   Exposing the Mythical MIPS Year  . . . . 22--26
                  John Hennessy   The Future of Systems Research . . . . . 27--33
         Naren Ramakrishnan and   
                Ananth Y. Grama   Guest Editors' Introduction: Data
                                  Mining: From Serendipity to Science  . . 34--37
            Venkatesh Ganti and   
            Johannes Gehrke and   
             Raghu Ramakrishnan   Mining Very Large Databases  . . . . . . 38--45
                 Jiawei Han and   
      Laks V. S. Lakshmanan and   
                  Raymond T. Ng   Constraint-Based, Multidimensional Data
                                  Mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46--50
      Joseph M. Hellerstein and   
                  Ron Avnur and   
                  Andy Chou and   
           Christian Hidber and   
               Chris Olston and   
         Vijayshankar Raman and   
                  Tali Roth and   
                  Peter J. Haas   Interactive Data Analysis: The Control
                                  Project  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--59
         Soumen Chakrabarti and   
               Byron E. Dom and   
              S. Ravi Kumar and   
         Prabhakar Raghavan and   
        Sridhar Rajagopalan and   
             Andrew Tomkins and   
               David Gibson and   
                  Jon Kleinberg   Mining the Web's Link Structure  . . . . 60--67
             George Karypis and   
         Eui-Hong (Sam) Han and   
               Vipin Kumar NEWS   Chameleon: Hierarchical Clustering Using
                                  Dynamic Modeling . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--75
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection: Computer
                                  Society Recognizes Intel ISEF High
                                  School Achievers; Goode Award Presented
                                  to Purdue Scholar; Lecture Series Shares
                                  Members' Expertise; Board Approves
                                  Reading of Bylaws Amendment on Press
                                  Activities Board . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--80
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 81--85
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 86--88
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index . . . . . . . . 89--89
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Software Development from the
                                  Outside In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90--90
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development:
                                  Premia's Editing System; Diab Data's
                                  Compiler Suites for Coldfire; Borland's
                                  Visual Development Tools for Java 2; Sun
                                  Outlines Java 2 at JavaOne. Net
                                  Development: InfoAccess' HTML Production
                                  Tool; GoAhead Software's Free Embedded
                                  Web Server; Planetweb and Paradise
                                  Innovations Produce Next-Gen Set-Top Box 91--93
                   Terry Ritter   Internet Watch: Cryptography: Is Staying
                                  with the Herd Really Best? . . . . . . . 94--95
                       Oz Levia   Integrated Engineering: Programming
                                  System Architectures with Java . . . . . 96--98
                  Jonathan Bach   Software Realities: Playing the Expert
                                  Game . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--103
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Mainframes Are Dead, Long
                                  Live Mainframes  . . . . . . . . . . . . 104, 102--103

Computer
Volume 32, Number 9, September, 1999

            Peter M. Maurer and   
            Mark K. Gardner and   
             Darren Dalcher and   
     Mordechai Ben-Menachem and   
                  Ted Lewis and   
              A. B. Cannara and   
                    Ken Nichols   Letters: Components are the
                                  Revolutionary Legacy of VBX; Focus on
                                  Answers, Not Features; Startups Can Pop
                                  Up Anywhere; Genetics and Software
                                  Patents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
                Sixto Ortiz Jr.   Industry Trends: Appliances Challenge
                                  the Server Market  . . . . . . . . . . . 11--13
                   John Charles   Technology News: Interplanetary Network
                                  Aims for the Stars . . . . . . . . . . . 16--18, 21
                   Anne C. Lear   News Briefs: Will XML Plans Compete or
                                  Cooperate?; Speech Technology Advances
                                  Demonstrated; Networking Processors
                                  Drive Chip Market; HP Pitches Net
                                  Service  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--20
                   Anne C. Lear   Y2K Report: Y2K in Brief: UN Conference
                                  Highlights Concerns, Progress  . . . . . 22--22
                   Howard Rubin   Rubin's Y2K Diary: Are the Media Crying
                                  ``Sheep''? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--23
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 24--25
      Pierfrancesco Bellini and   
        Fabrizio Fioravanti and   
         Paolo Nesi Cybersquare   Computing Practices: Managing Music in
                                  Orchestras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26--35
              W. Neville Holmes   The Myth of the Educational Computer . . 36--42
                  Linda Harasim   A Framework for Online Learning: The
                                  Virtual-U  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--49
           Jeremy Roschelle and   
              Chris DiGiano and   
            Manolis Koutlis and   
        Alexander Repenning and   
          Jonathan Phillips and   
            Nicholas Jackiw and   
                    Dan Suthers   Developing Educational Software
                                  Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--58
             Junichi Suzuki and   
             Yoshikazu Yamamoto   Leveraging Distributed Software
                                  Development  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--65
               Jay F. Nunamaker   Collaborative Computing: The Next
                                  Millennium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--71
                      Anonymous   Computer Society Election  . . . . . . . 72--79
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection: IEEE
                                  President-Elect Candidates Answer Key
                                  Computer Society Questions; Curriculum
                                  2001: Bringing the Future to the
                                  Classroom  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--85
            Guylaine M. Lollock   Computer Society Board Endorses Parrish
                                  for IEEE President-Elect . . . . . . . . 84--84
              Carl K. Chang and   
               Gerald Engel and   
                Willis King and   
               Eric Roberts and   
           Russ Shackelford and   
            Robert H. Sloan and   
              Pradip K. Srimani   Curriculum 2001: Bringing the Future to
                                  the Classroom  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--88
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 89--94
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 96--104
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Take A Stroll Down IT Memory
                                  Lane; Computers in Society; Software
                                  Development; Function in Programming;
                                  Verilog Design; Taking the Web to the
                                  Workplace  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--105
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development:
                                  SoftQuest Systems' Project Management
                                  Software; Metrowerks' Java Development
                                  Tool for Mac OS; CAD-UL's
                                  Embedded-Centric C/C++ Toolkit; KL
                                  Group's Java Components  . . . . . . . . 106--107
                 Andrew P. Snow   Internet Watch: Internet Implications of
                                  Telephone Access . . . . . . . . . . . . 108--110
                    Barry Boehm   Management: Managing Software
                                  Productivity and Reuse . . . . . . . . . 111--113
             Diomidis Spinellis   Component and Object Technology:
                                  Explore, Excogitate, Exploit: Component
                                  Mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114--116
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Fast, Expensive, and
                                  Horribly Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . 120, 118--119

Computer
Volume 32, Number 10, October, 1999

                      Anonymous   Correction: Internet Applications of
                                  Telephone Access . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6--7
           R. P. C. Rodgers and   
           W. Lowell Morgan and   
                 Ware Myers and   
              Bob Schuchman and   
                Todd Martin and   
         Charles C. Philipp and   
                  Ted Lewis and   
Jean-François Colonna and   
               Rich Babcock and   
                    James Boyle   Letters: Little Place for Computers in a
                                  Rigorous Curriculum; A Welcome Reality
                                  Check on Copying with Overload; How to
                                  Cope When You Are a Few Neurons Short of
                                  Infinity; To Be an Expert: Just listen;
                                  How a Good Index Can Make an Expert;
                                  Technologists Care About Privacy; Errors
                                  in Program Transformation Table;
                                  Problems with Theorems . . . . . . . . . 4, 6--7
                   Neal Leavitt   Industry Trends: Domain Name Solution
                                  Causes New Problems  . . . . . . . . . . 11--15
                   Anne C. Lear   News Briefs: Agreement Reached on New
                                  I/O Architecture; CORBA Component Model
                                  Approved; Student Develops Smallest Web
                                  Server; Membership News  . . . . . . . . 16--18
                   Anne C. Lear   Y2K in Brief: Contingency Plans Should
                                  Extend into 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--19
                   Howard Rubin   Rubin's Y2K Diary: Uncovering Weak Links
                                  in the Readiness Chain . . . . . . . . . 20--20
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
            Karen W. Markus and   
 Kaigham J. Gabriel Cybersquare   MEMS: The Systems Function Revolution    25--31
        Shari Lawrence Pfleeger   Albert Einstein and Empirical Software
                                  Engineering  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--37
               Deependra Moitra   Software Engineering in the Small:
                                  Practical Software Engineering and
                                  Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--40
            Declan P. Kelly and   
                  Bill Culleton   Process Improvement for Small
                                  Organizations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--47
                Stuart Woodward   Evolutionary Project Management  . . . . 49--57
        Michael A. Cusumano and   
                David B. Yoffie   Software Development on Internet Time    60--69
                      Kent Beck   Embracing Change with Extreme
                                  Programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--77
            James D. Arthur and   
      Markus K. Gröner and   
          Kelly J. Hayhurst and   
            C. Michael Holloway   Evaluating the Effectiveness of
                                  Independent Verification and Validation  79--83
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection: Computer
                                  Society and ACM Approve Software;
                                  Engineering Code of Ethics;
                                  Opportunities Available for Professional
                                  and Student Chapters; Student Awards
                                  Programs Seek Entrants by 31 October . . 84--90
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 91--93
                      Anonymous   Career . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94--111
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Net Development: Macromedia's
                                  Web Application and E-Commerce
                                  Development Family; Anark Interactive
                                  Media's $3$D Web Tool. Embedded
                                  Development: Force Computer's
                                  Single-Board Computer for Embedded
                                  Applications; CAD-UL's Toolkit for
                                  Embedded Processors; AMC's Embedded
                                  Software Visibility Tools  . . . . . . . 113--115
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Creating a Virtual Window to
                                  the World; Optical Networks in Layered
                                  Multiwavelength; Automated Software
                                  Testing; Software Improvement Through
                                  Refactoring; Getting a Feel for Java . . 116--116
Network Maturity Model Development Team   Internet Watch: The Network Maturity
                                  Model for Internet Development . . . . . 117--118
                  James Bullock   Software Realities: Improving the
                                  Development System Model . . . . . . . . 119--120
                Sung-Hee Do and   
                     Nam P. Suh   Integrated Engineering: Systematic OO
                                  Programming with Axiomatic Design  . . . 121--124
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: UbiNet: The Ubiquitous
                                  Internet Will Be Wireless  . . . . . . . 128, 126--127

Computer
Volume 32, Number 11, November, 1999

                Mike Pelley and   
                      Ted Lewis   Letters: Ask Intel: Price and Cost
                                  Aren't Related . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--9
                  George Lawton   Industry Trends: Storage Technology
                                  Takes Center Stage . . . . . . . . . . . 10--12
                Lee H. Goldberg   Technology News: Vendors Are Counting on
                                  Appliance-on-Chip Technology . . . . . . 13--16
                   Anne C. Lear   News Briefs: Tentative Domain-Name
                                  Agreement Reached; Chip Makers Stake out
                                  High-Performance Ground; Lip-reading for
                                  Better Speech Recognition  . . . . . . . 17--18
                   Anne C. Lear   Y2K in Brief: US Issues Y2K Travel
                                  Forecast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--19
                   Howard Rubin   Rubin's Y2K Diary: A Crisis of Arrogance 20--21
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 22--23
           Dennis Sylvester and   
                   Kurt Keutzer   Cybersquare: Rethinking Deep-Submicron
                                  Circuit Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--33
              Bruce Shriver and   
                    Peter Capek   Just Curious: An Interview with John
                                  Cocke  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--41
              Bruce Shriver and   
                    Peter Capek   The Seymour Cray Computer Science and
                                  Engineering Award  . . . . . . . . . . . 35--35
                Werner Buchholz   Project Stretch  . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--36
                  Ed Sussenguth   IBM's ACS-1 Machine  . . . . . . . . . . 38--38
                Rohit Kapur and   
             Thomas W. Williams   Guest Editors' Introduction: Tough
                                  Challenges as Design and Test Go
                                  Nanometer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--45
               Robert C. Aitken   Nanometer Technology Effects on Fault
                                  Models for IC Testing  . . . . . . . . . 46--51
               Wayne M. Needham   Nanometer Technology Challenges for Test
                                  and Test Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . 52--57
           Kwang-Ting Cheng and   
                  Angela Krstic   Current Directions in Automatic
                                  Test-Pattern Generation  . . . . . . . . 58--64
              Kenneth D. Wagner   Robust Scan-Based Logic Test in VDSM
                                  Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--74
                   Kevin Bowyer   Your Call: `Big Brother' --- or Proper
                                  Vigilence? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75--75
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection: Society
                                  Competition Offers US\$25,000 for Top
                                  Student Designs; Innovator in Consumer
                                  Computing Receives Entrepreneur Award    76--77
                      Anonymous   Computer Society Notes: Computer
                                  Editor-in-Chief Named Rader Professor    78--78
          Charles Rosenthal and   
                  Joseph Damore   Technical Activities Forum: Hot Topics
                                  in Electronic Design Automation  . . . . 79--79
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 80--82
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index . . . . . . . . 83--83
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 84--118
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Folding All Things Virtual
                                  into Urban Life; Performance Modeling in
                                  Network Design; Practical Automated
                                  Software Testing; Java Patterns; Testing
                                  Software Step by Step; Working with UNIX
                                  Shells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119--119
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Software Development: Monash
                                  University's Free Java Development
                                  Environment; ParaSoft's Error Prevention
                                  Tool; Technosoft's C++ Development Kit;
                                  VideoSoft's Spell-Checking and Thesaurus
                                  Controls. Network Development: Network
                                  Security's Security Management Tool;
                                  Fluke's Network Inspector;
                                  MetaCreation's Web-Oriented Painting
                                  Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120--122
      Philip M. Marden, Jr. and   
                Ethan V. Munson   Internet Watch: Today's Style Sheet
                                  Standards: The Great Vision Blinded  . . 123--125
              Charles Severance   Standards: IEEE 802.11: Wireless Is
                                  Coming Home  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126--127
               Donald J. Reifer   Management: A Tale of Three Developers   128--130
                 Bertrand Meyer   Component and Object Technology: Every
                                  Little Bit Counts: Toward More Reliable
                                  Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131--133
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Where the Smart Money Is? 136, 134--135

Computer
Volume 32, Number 12, December, 1999

             John Gustafson and   
                 Rajat Todi and   
           Robert Silverman and   
                Collin Park and   
                  Ted Lewis and   
                   Ken Zuhr and   
                      Ted Lewis   Letters: Operations are Free: Data
                                  Motion Isn't; Déj\`a Vu Processor
                                  Complexities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Report to Members: New Society
                                  Leadership for 2000  . . . . . . . . . . 8--9
                   Reed Hellman   Industry Trends: A Semantic Approach
                                  Adds Meaning to the Web  . . . . . . . . 13--16
                    David Clark   Technology News: Toward a New Generation
                                  of Simpler PCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--19
                   Anne C. Lear   News Briefs: IETF Rejects Net Wiretap
                                  Proposal; New Plans Ease Net Congestion;
                                  Standard API to Simplify Network Chip
                                  Development; Group Releases Real-Time
                                  Java Specification . . . . . . . . . . . 20--21
                   Anne C. Lear   Y2K in Brief: Y2K Failures Could Occur
                                  Throughout 2000  . . . . . . . . . . . . 22--22
                   Howard Rubin   Rubin's Y2K Diary: Will Fast Food
                                  Accelerate Y2K Collapse? . . . . . . . . 23--23
                      Anonymous   Article Summaries  . . . . . . . . . . . 24--25
  Shreekant (Ticky) Thakkar and   
                       Tom Huff   Internet Streaming SIMD Extensions . . . 26--34
                 Ian Foster and   
              Joseph Insley and   
       Gregor von Laszewski and   
             Carl Kesselman and   
                Marcus Thiebaux   Distance Visualization: Data Exploration
                                  on the Grid  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--43
               Eric Shaffer and   
             Daniel A. Reed and   
           Shannon Whitmore and   
             Benjamin Schaeffer   Virtue: Performance Visualization of
                                  Parallel and Distributed Applications    44--51
            Gabrielle Allen and   
                Tom Goodale and   
            Gerd Lanfermann and   
               Thomas Radke and   
              Edward Seidel and   
              Werner Benger and   
        Hans-Christian Hege and   
               Andre Merzky and   
          Joan Massó and   
                     John Shalf   Solving Einstein's Equations on
                                  Supercomputers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52--58
        Christopher Johnson and   
           Steven G. Parker and   
             Charles Hansen and   
        Gordon L. Kindlmann and   
                  Yarden Livnat   Interactive Simulation and Visualization 59--65
                Jason Leigh and   
          Andrew E. Johnson and   
               Maxine Brown and   
           Daniel J. Sandin and   
              Thomas A. DeFanti   Visualization in Teleimmersive
                                  Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--73
                      Anonymous   Annual Index: Volume 32, 1999  . . . . . 74--85
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Notes: David Huffman
                                  (1925--1999) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86--86
           Mary-Louise G. Piner   Computer Society Connection: Inaugural
                                  Cray Award Presented in a November
                                  Ceremony; Meritorious Service and
                                  Outstanding Contribution Awards Show;
                                  Appreciation of Volunteer Efforts; \em
                                  Computer Recognizes Reviewers' Expertise 86--90
                      Anonymous   Call and Calendar  . . . . . . . . . . . 91--94
                      Anonymous   Advertiser/Product Index . . . . . . . . 95--95
                      Anonymous   Career Opportunities . . . . . . . . . . 96--136
                Michael J. Lutz   New Books: Where Teamwork and Software
                                  Meet; Mapping out Software with Logic;
                                  Time Traveling; Putting COM and CORBA
                                  Together; Using OO for the Network;
                                  History of Artificial Intelligence . . . 137--137
                Kirk L. Kroeker   New Tools: Hardware Development:
                                  Transim's Internet-Based IC Simulation
                                  Tool; 3DSP's Development Tools for
                                  System-on-Chip Designs; International
                                  Test Technologies' Tool for PowerPC
                                  Testing. Software Development: Indigo
                                  Rose's Setup Factory 5.0: The
                                  Next-Generation Installation Builder;
                                  SRC's Tool for Converting 4GL Code to
                                  COBOL; Sorokin's Tools to Manage DLLs
                                  and OLE Links. Network Development:
                                  Network Security's Security Management
                                  Tool; Microtest's Fiber-optic Tester; US
                                  Software's Distributed Operating
                                  Environment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138--140
                 David Chadwick   Internet Watch: Smart Cards Aren't
                                  Always the Smart Choice  . . . . . . . . 142--143
                 Bertrand Meyer   Component and Object Technology: A
                                  Really Good Idea . . . . . . . . . . . . 144--147
                     James Bach   Software Realities: What Software
                                  Reality Is Really About  . . . . . . . . 148--149
                      Ted Lewis   Binary Critic: Directories Don't Get No
                                  Respect  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152, 150--151


Computer
Volume 33, Number 2, February, 2000

                      Anonymous   Correction: New Tools  . . . . . . . . . 7--7
                      Anonymous   Correction: A Really Good Idea . . . . . 7--7