Table of contents for issues of IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

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Volume 14, Number 1, January / March, 1992
Volume 14, Number 2, April / June, 1992
Volume 14, Number 3, July / September, 1992
Volume 14, Number 4, October / December, 1992
Volume 15, Number 1, January / March, 1993
Volume 15, Number 2, April / June, 1993
Volume 15, Number 3, July / September, 1993
Volume 15, Number 4, October / December, 1993
Volume 16, Number 1, Spring, 1994
Volume 16, Number 2, Summer, 1994
Volume 16, Number 3, Fall, 1994
Volume 16, Number 4, Winter, 1994
Volume 17, Number 1, Spring, 1995
Volume 17, Number 2, Summer, 1995
Volume 17, Number 3, Fall, 1995
Volume 17, Number 4, Winter, 1995
Volume 18, Number 1, Spring, 1996
Volume 18, Number 2, Summer, 1996
Volume 18, Number 3, Fall, 1996
Volume 18, Number 4, October / December, 1996
Volume ??, Number ??, 1996
Volume 19, Number 1, January / March, 1997
Volume 19, Number 2, April / June, 1997
Volume 19, Number 3, July / September, 1997
Volume 19, Number 4, October / December, 1997
Volume 20, Number 1, January / March, 1998
Volume 20, Number 2, April / June, 1998
Volume 20, Number 3, July / September, 1998
Volume 20, Number 4, October / December, 1998
Volume 21, Number 1, January / March, 1999
Volume 21, Number 2, April / June, 1999
Volume 21, Number 3, July / September, 1999
Volume 21, Number 4, October / December, 1999
Volume 22, Number 1, January / March, 2000
Volume 22, Number 2, April / June, 2000
Volume 22, Number 3, July / September, 2000
Volume 22, Number 4, October / December, 2000
Volume 23, Number 1, January / March, 2001
Volume 23, Number 2, April / June, 2001
Volume 23, Number 3, July / September, 2001
Volume 23, Number 4, October / December, 2001
Volume 24, Number 1, January / March, 2002
Volume 24, Number 2, April / June, 2002
Volume 24, Number 3, July / September, 2002
Volume 24, Number 4, October / December, 2002
Volume 25, Number 1, January / March, 2003
Volume 25, Number 2, April / June, 2003
Volume 25, Number 3, July / September, 2003
Volume 25, Number 4, October / December, 2003
Volume 26, Number 1, January / March, 2004
Volume 26, Number 2, April / June, 2004
Volume 26, Number 3, July / September, 2004
Volume 26, Number 4, October / December, 2004
Volume 27, Number 1, January / March, 2005
Volume 27, Number 2, April / June, 2005
Volume 27, Number 3, July / September, 2005
Volume 27, Number 4, October / December, 2005
Volume 28, Number 1, January / March, 2006
Volume 28, Number 2, April / June, 2006
Volume 28, Number 3, July / September, 2006
Volume 28, Number 4, October / December, 2006
Volume 29, Number 1, January / March, 2007
Volume 29, Number 2, April / June, 2007
Volume 29, Number 3, July / September, 2007
Volume 29, Number 4, October / December, 2007
Volume 30, Number 1, January / March, 2008
Volume 30, Number 2, April / June, 2008
Volume 30, Number 3, July / September, 2008
Volume 30, Number 4, October / December, 2008
Volume 31, Number 1, January / March, 2009
Volume 31, Number 2, April / June, 2009
Volume 31, Number 3, July / September, 2009
Volume 31, Number 4, October / December, 2009
Volume 32, Number 1, January / March, 2010
Volume 32, Number 2, April / June, 2010
Volume 32, Number 3, July / September, 2010
Volume 32, Number 4, October / December, 2010
Volume 33, Number 1, January / March, 2011
Volume 33, Number 2, April / June, 2011
Volume 33, Number 3, July / September, 2011
Volume 33, Number 4, October / December, 2011
Volume 34, Number 1, January / March, 2012
Volume 34, Number 2, April / June, 2012
Volume 34, Number 3, July / September, 2012
Volume 34, Number 4, October / December, 2012
Volume 35, Number 1, January / March, 2013
Volume 35, Number 2, April / June, 2013
Volume 35, Number 3, July / September, 2013
Volume 35, Number 4, oct # / December, 2013
Volume 36, Number 1, 2014
Volume 36, Number 2, 2014
Volume 36, Number 3, July, 2014
Volume 36, Number 4, October / December, 2014
Volume 37, Number 1, January / March, 2015
Volume 37, Number 2, April / June, 2015
Volume 37, Number 3, July / September, 2015
Volume 37, Number 4, 2015
Volume 38, Number 1, January / March, 2016
Volume 38, Number 2, April / June, 2016
Volume 38, Number 3, 2016
Volume 38, Number 4, 2016
Volume 39, Number 1, January / March, 2017
Volume 39, Number 2, 2017
Volume 39, Number 3, July / September, 2017
Volume 39, Number 4, 2017
Volume 40, Number 1, January / March, 2018
Volume 40, Number 2, 2018
Volume 40, Number 3, 2018
Volume 2, Number 15, July, 1946
Volume 200, Number 6, June, 1959
Volume 64, Number 7, November, 1974
Volume 63, Number 5, September, 1975
Volume 20, Number 2, 1976
Volume 70, Number 3, November, 1976
Volume 17, Number 1, January, 1976
Volume 234, Number 4, April, 1976
Volume 27, Number 1, 1977
Volume 68, Number 1, March, 1977
Volume 31, Number 3, Autumn, 1977
Volume 11, Number 1, March, 1978
Volume 4, Number 1, February, 1984
Volume 29, Number 1, March, 1986
Volume 41, Number 5, May, 2008
Volume 44, Number 7, July, 2011
Volume 21, Number 3, Fall, 2013


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 14, Number 1, January / March, 1992

                   J. A. N. Lee   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                    Herb Grosch   Comments, Queries, and Debate: O, AFIPS! 6--7
                  Anthony Hyman   Comments, Queries, and Debate: The
                                  Private Babbage  . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--7
                    Herman Berg   Comments, Queries, and Debate: On
                                  Locating the Babbage--Quetelet Letter    7--9
                   Charles Hall   Comments, Queries, and Debate: a
                                  Mechanical Delay Line? . . . . . . . . . 9--9
                   J. A. N. Lee   Introduction: Time Line  . . . . . . . . 13
                   J. A. N. Lee   Claims to the Term ``Time-Sharing''  . . 16--54
               J. A. N. Lee and   
              John McCarthy and   
             J. C. R. Licklider   The Beginnings at MIT  . . . . . . . . . 18--54
                   J. A. N. Lee   CTSS --- The Compatible Time-Sharing
                                  System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--54
               Robert Rosin and   
                   J. A. N. Lee   The CTSS Interviews  . . . . . . . . . . 33
                      Anonymous   References and Bibliography  . . . . . . 52
                   Judy O'Neill   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
                    E. W. Weiss   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
               James E. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
                   Paul Ceruzzi   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 14, Number 2, April / June, 1992

                   J. A. N. Lee   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                 William Aspray   From IEEE's Perspective  . . . . . . . . 5
                      Anonymous   Biographies of Participants and Authors  6
               J. A. N. Lee and   
                 R. M. Fano and   
               A. L. Scherr and   
       F. J. Corbató and   
                V. A. Vyssotsky   Project MAC  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--13
               J. A. N. Lee and   
                   Robert Rosin   The Project MAC Interviews . . . . . . . 14--35
                   J. A. N. Lee   The Social Impact  . . . . . . . . . . . 36--41
                   J. A. N. Lee   Prolog to the Future . . . . . . . . . . 42--50
               Judy O'Neill and   
              Brian Randell and   
         Geoffrey C. Bowker and   
               J.-P. Poitou and   
     Pierre-E. Mounier-Kuhn and   
                  Brian Crozier   Happenings: Reunion at Bletchley Park;
                                  UK National Archive for the History of
                                  Computing; Center for Research,
                                  Information, and Archives on
                                  Computer-Aided Design; DPMA Donates
                                  Records; European Conference on the
                                  History of Computing; Television Series
                                  on the History of Computing; Hartley
                                  Computers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--55
               James E. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--56
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--59
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
                  P. Forman and   
              K. W. Smillie and   
                   J. A. N. Lee   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60--63

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 14, Number 3, July / September, 1992

                   J. A. N. Lee   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                 William Aspray   From IEEE's Perspective  . . . . . . . . 5
              Eric A. Weiss and   
                   Mervin Frank   Comments, Queries, and Debate: a
                                  Mechanical Delay Line? . . . . . . . . . 6--6
                     Jon Eklund   Comments, Queries, and Debate: The Final
                                  Word on `The Bug'  . . . . . . . . . . . 6--7
               F. W. Kistermann   Comments, Queries, and Debate: The Size
                                  of the Hollerith Punched Card  . . . . . 7--7
           Robert Donald Carter   Comments, Queries, and Debate: German
                                  Ferrite Cores from World War II  . . . . 8--8
                Robert F. Rosin   Comments, Queries, and Debate:
                                  Time-Sharing at MIT (Correction) . . . . 8--8
          David J. Crawford and   
                  Philip E. Fox   The Autoscritcher and the
                                  Superscritcher: aids to cryptanalysis of
                                  the German Enigma cipher machine,
                                  1944--6  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--22
               Jan van den Ende   Tidal Calculations in The Netherlands    23--33
          Ivor Grattan-Guinness   Charles Babbage as an Algorithmic
                                  Thinker  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--48
                   Judy O'Neill   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--56
               James E. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: Eloge: Arthur Lee Samuel
                                  (1901--90) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--69
                 M. R. Williams   Biographies --- Joseph Clement: the
                                  first computer engineer  . . . . . . . . 69--76
                   Paul Ceruzzi   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 14, Number 4, October / December, 1992

                   J. A. N. Lee   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                 William Aspray   From IEEE's Perspective  . . . . . . . . 5
               F. W. Kistermann   Comments, Queries, and Debate: More on
                                  Mechanical Delay Lines . . . . . . . . . 7--7
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Introduction: Computing at the
                                  University of Cambridge  . . . . . . . . 8
               Mary G. Croarken   The Emergence of Computing Science
                                  Research and Teaching at Cambridge,
                                  1936--1949 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--15
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   The Airy Tape: An Early Chapter in the
                                  History of Debugging . . . . . . . . . . 16--26
               Joyce M. Wheeler   Applications of the EDSAC  . . . . . . . 27--33
               David J. Wheeler   The EDSAC Programming Systems  . . . . . 34--40
       John M. M. Pinkerton and   
                 Derek Hemy and   
             Ernest H. Lenaerts   The Influence of the Cambridge
                                  Mathematical Laboratory on the LEO
                                  Project  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--48
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   The Charles Babbage Institute Reprint
                                  Series for the history of computing  . . 44--48
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Programming the EDSAC: early programming
                                  activity at the University of Cambridge  46--67
              Maurice V. Wilkes   EDSAC 2  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--56
               Roger M. Needham   Later Developments at Cambridge: Titan,
                                  CAP, and the Cambridge Ring  . . . . . . 57--58
                      Anonymous   How to Start a Computer Museum: Chinese
                                  Calculators Made During the Kangxi Reign
                                  in the Quing Dynasty . . . . . . . . . . 59
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
                   Paul Ceruzzi   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
                      Anonymous   1991 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
                      Anonymous   1992 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 15, Number 1, January / March, 1993

                   J. A. N. Lee   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                 William Aspray   From IEEE's Perspective  . . . . . . . . 5
                    Herb Grosch   Comments, Queries, and Debate: a History
                                  of Scientific Computation  . . . . . . . 7--9
                 Henry S. Tropp   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Turing's
                                  Visit to the United States . . . . . . . 10--10
              M. D. Godfrey and   
                   D. F. Hendry   The Computer as von Neumann Planned It   11--21
            Michael R. Williams   The Origins, Uses, and Fate of the EDVAC 22--38
              Walter M. Carlson   Transforming an Industry Through
                                  Information Technology . . . . . . . . . 39--43
          Amy Weaver Fisher and   
              James L. McKenney   The Development of the ERMA Banking
                                  System: Lessons from History . . . . . . 44--57
                Judy E. O'Neill   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
               James E. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies: Eloge: An Wang, 1920--1990  60--69
                   Paul Ceruzzi   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 15, Number 2, April / June, 1993

                   J. A. N. Lee   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                 William Aspray   From IEEE's Perspective  . . . . . . . . 5
               George T. Jacobi   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Joe Desch 6--6
                  J. M. Bennett   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Computing
                                  at the University of Cambridge . . . . . 6--7
               C. J. D. Roberts   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Babbage
                                  and Clement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                  J. M. Bennett   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Still
                                  More on Mechanical Delay Lines . . . . . 7--7
                 James S. Small   General-Purpose Electronic Analog
                                  Computing: 1945--1965  . . . . . . . . . 8--18
                  A. Ben Clymer   The Mechanical Analog Computers of
                                  Hannibal Ford and William Newell . . . . 19--34
                 William Aspray   Edwin L. Harder and the Anacom: Analog
                                  Computing at Westinghouse  . . . . . . . 35--52
                Judy E. O'Neill   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
               James E. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 15, Number 3, July / September, 1993

            Michael R. Williams   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                 William Aspray   From IEEE's Perspective  . . . . . . . . 4
                   J. A. N. Lee   Birthday Wishes to Maurice V. Wilkes . . 5
                Geof Bowker and   
               Richard Giordano   General Introduction . . . . . . . . . . 6
            J. V. Pickstone and   
                    Geof Bowker   The Manchester Heritage  . . . . . . . . 7--8
                  Mary Croarken   The Beginnings of the Manchester
                                  Computer Phenomenon: People and
                                  Influences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--16
                Geof Bowker and   
               Richard Giordano   Interview with Tom Kilburn . . . . . . . 17
                 P. T. Saunders   Alan Turing and Biology  . . . . . . . . 33--36
              Geoffrey Tweedale   A Manchester Computer Pioneer: Ferranti
                                  in Retrospect  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37--43
             Simon H. Lavington   Manchester Computer Architectures,
                                  1948--75 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--54
               Richard Giordano   Institutional Change and Regeneration: a
                                  Biography of the Computer Science
                                  Department at the University of
                                  Manchester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--62
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 15, Number 4, October / December, 1993

                   J. A. N. Lee   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                 William Aspray   From IEEE's Perspective  . . . . . . . . 4
                      John Todd   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Alwin
                                  Walther (1898--1967) . . . . . . . . . . 5--6
          James L. McKenney and   
              Amy Weaver Fisher   Manufacturing the ERMA Banking System:
                                  Lessons from History . . . . . . . . . . 7--26
               John von Neumann   First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC . . 28--75
                Judy E. O'Neill   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
               James E. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79--83
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
                      Anonymous   1993 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 16, Number 1, Spring, 1994

                   J. A. N. Lee   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
           Gregory D. Crowe and   
             Seymour E. Goodman   S. A. Lebedev and the Birth of Soviet
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--24
               W. Barkley Fritz   ENIAC --- a Problem Solver . . . . . . . 25--45
               Boelie Elzen and   
               Donald MacKenzie   The Social Limits of Speed: The
                                  Development and Use of Supercomputers    46--61
                     Jon Eklund   The Reservisor Automated Airline
                                  Reservation System: Combining
                                  Communications and Computing . . . . . . 62--69
                Judy E. O'Neill   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
                  Frode Weierud   Reviews: \em Codebreakers: The Inside
                                  Story of Bletchley Park --- a Book
                                  Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--79

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 16, Number 2, Summer, 1994

            Michael R. Williams   UTEC and Ferut: The University of
                                  Toronto's Computation Centre . . . . . . 4--24
           J. N. Patterson Hume   Development of Systems Software for the
                                  Ferut Computer at the University of
                                  Toronto, 1952 to 1955  . . . . . . . . . 13--19
                  John Vardalas   From DATAR to the FP-6000: Technological
                                  Change in a Canadian Industrial Context  20--30
                   Alan Dornian   ReserVec: Trans-Canada Air Lines'
                                  Computerized Reservation System  . . . . 31--42
                   Linda Petiot   Dirty Gertie: The DRTE Computer  . . . . 43--52
                 B. A. Griffith   My early days in Toronto . . . . . . . . 55--64
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--64
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 16, Number 3, Fall, 1994

                 John A. N. Lee   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                Arnold I. Dumey   Comments, Queries, and Debate:
                                  Scritchers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--4
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Charles Babbage and the Assurance of
                                  Lives  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--14
               Jan van den Ende   The Number Factory: Punched-Card
                                  Machines at the Dutch Central Bureau of
                                  Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--15
        David Martin Luebke and   
                   Sybil Milton   Locating the Victim: An Overview of
                                  Census-Taking, Tabulation Technology,
                                  and Persecution in Nazi Germany  . . . . 25--25
                  Fred N. Krull   The Origin of Computer Graphics within
                                  General Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--40
             Geoffrey C. Bowker   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
               James E. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 16, Number 4, Winter, 1994

            Michael R. Williams   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
               Thomas J. Bergin   Special Issue on Programming Languages   4--12
                  Brian Randell   The Origins of Computer Programming  . . 6--14
                 Mike Cowlishaw   The Early History of REXX  . . . . . . . 15--24
              Jan Rune Holmevik   Compiling SIMULA: a Historical Study of
                                  Technological Genesis  . . . . . . . . . 25--37
            Paul G. Whiting and   
            Robert S. V. Pascoe   A History of Data-Flow Languages . . . . 38--59
             William Aspray and   
            Bernard O. Williams   Arming American Scientists: NSF and the
                                  Provision of Scientific Computing
                                  Facilities for Universities, 1950--1973  60--74
             Geoffrey C. Bowker   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
                  Eric A. Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   1994 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 17, Number 1, Spring, 1995

                   J. A. N. Lee   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
                Werner Buchholz   Comments, Queries, and Debate  . . . . . 4--5
            Thomas M. Stout and   
           Theodore J. Williams   Pioneering Work in the Field of Computer
                                  Process Control  . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--18
                George Buck and   
                    Steve Hunka   Development of the IBM 1500
                                  Computer-Assisted Instructional System   19--31
             John A. N. Lee and   
                 Golde Holtzman   50 Years After Breaking the Codes:
                                  Interviews with Two of the Bletchley
                                  Park Scientists  . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--43
                 John McPherson   New Ways of Multiplying  . . . . . . . . 44--46
                James C. Worthy   Control Data Corporation: The Norris Era 47--53
                Geoffrey Bowker   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54--61
                  James Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--64
                     Eric Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--73
                  Peggy Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--78

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 17, Number 2, Summer, 1995

                      D. De Wit   Caught between historical experience and
                                  high hopes: automation at the Dutch
                                  Postal Cheque and Clearing Service,
                                  1950--1965 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--21
                J. Van Den Ende   Computers and industrial organization:
                                  early sources of `just in time'
                                  production in the Dutch steel industry   22--32
               F. W. Kistermann   The way to the first automatic
                                  sequence-controlled calculator: the 1935
                                  DEHOMAG D 11 tabulator . . . . . . . . . 33--49

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 17, Number 3, Fall, 1995

                   J. A. N. Lee   J. Presper Eckert, 1919--1995  . . . . . 3, 5
                   J. A. N. Lee   John V. Atanasoff, 1903--1995  . . . . . 3--3
                Werner Buchholz   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Editorial
                                  Note: William Friedman . . . . . . . . . 6--6
                 Henry S. Tropp   Comments, Queries, and Debate:
                                  Correction: Turing's Visit to the United
                                  States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--6
                   D. Mackenzie   The automation of proof: a historical
                                  and sociological exploration . . . . . . 7--29
                      Anonymous   Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--10
             D. G. Copeland and   
                R. O. Mason and   
                 J. L. McKenney   Sabre: the development of
                                  information-based competence and
                                  execution of information-based
                                  competition  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--57
               S. M. Greenstein   Lock-in and the costs of switching
                                  mainframe computer vendors in the US
                                  federal government in the 1970s  . . . . 58--66
                    H. Polachek   History of the journal Mathematical
                                  Tables and other Aids to Computation,
                                  1959--1965 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--74
                E. Swartzlander   Calculators  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75--77
              Earl Swartzlander   Generations of calculators . . . . . . . 75--77
                     J. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
                  James Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--77
                     Eric Weiss   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
                     Eric Weiss   Biographies: Calvin Mooers (1919--1994)  79--81

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 17, Number 4, Winter, 1995

                   J. A. N. Lee   About this issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
                E. Swartzlander   Calculators  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--4
                   R. W. Seidel   Charles Babbage Institute Director's
                                  Column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--5
                     H. M. Wood   Computer Society Celebrates 50 Years . . 6--6
                   J. A. N. Lee   On ``Babbage and Kings'' and ``How
                                  sausage was made'': and now for the rest
                                  of the story . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--23
                   J. A. N. Lee   The rise and fall of the General
                                  Electric Corporation computer department 24--45
                 H. R. Oldfield   General Electric enters the computer
                                  business --- revisited . . . . . . . . . 46--55
                     J. Couleur   The core of the Black Canyon Computer
                                  Corporation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--60
                 J. L. McKenney   Developing a common machine language for
                                  banking: the ABA technical subcommittee
                                  story  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--75
                Judy E. O'Neill   The role of ARPA in the development of
                                  the ARPANET, 1961--1972  . . . . . . . . 76--81


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 18, Number 1, Spring, 1996

                 M. R. Williams   New EIC  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
                 M. R. Williams   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--4
                    D. Winegrad   Celebrating the birth of modern
                                  computing: the fiftieth anniversary of a
                                  discovery at the Moore School of
                                  Engineering of the University of
                                  Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--9
            H. H. Goldstine and   
                   A. Goldstine   The Electronic Numerical Integrator and
                                  Computer (ENIAC) . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--16
            Mitchell Marcus and   
                  Atsushi Akera   Exploring the Architecture of an Early
                                  Machine: The Historical Relevance of the
                                  ENIAC Machine Architecture . . . . . . . 17--24
                    P. Eckstein   J. Presper Eckert  . . . . . . . . . . . 25--44
                    J. Costello   As the twig is bent: the early life of
                                  John Mauchly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--50
                    D. A. Grier   The ENIAC, the verb ``to program'' and
                                  the emergence of digital computers . . . 51--55
                      G. Bowker   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--56
                     Eric Weiss   Obituaries: Gerard Salton  . . . . . . . 67--67
                 K. Smillie and   
                       E. Weiss   The History of Computing Science at the
                                  University of Alberta  . . . . . . . . . 70--70
                     Eric Weiss   Grosch Claims Title of ``Oldest Living
                                  Computer'' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--70
                     Eric Weiss   Neil Wiseman Memorial Fund . . . . . . . 70--70
                   S. Takahashi   A Brief History of the Japanese Computer
                                  Industry Before 1985 . . . . . . . . . . 76--76

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 18, Number 2, Summer, 1996

                     Eric Weiss   Konrad Zuse Obituary . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
                   R. W. Seidel   Guest Editor's Introduction  . . . . . . 6--6
                 E. W. Pugh and   
                      W. Aspray   Creating the Computer Industry . . . . . 7--17
                  J. W. Cortada   Commercial applications of the digital
                                  computer in American corporations,
                                  1945--1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--29
                 S. W. Usselman   Fostering a capacity for compromise:
                                  business, government, and the stages of
                                  innovation in American computing . . . . 30--39
                  A. L. Norberg   Changing computing: the computing
                                  community and DARPA  . . . . . . . . . . 40--53
                   J. A. N. Lee   ``Those who forget the lessons of
                                  history are doomed to repeat it'': or,
                                  Why I study the history of computing . . 54--62
                     Eric Weiss   Biographies: Roger Lee Sisson  . . . . . 67--70
                  Peggy Kidwell   BYTE, 20th Anniversary Report [Reviews]  77--77
                  Peggy Kidwell   Computing Perspectives [Reviews] . . . . 77--77

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 18, Number 3, Fall, 1996

                    B. A. Toole   Ada Byron, Lady Lovelace, an analyst and
                                  metaphysician  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--12
                W. Barkley-Fitz   The Women of Eniac . . . . . . . . . . . 13--23
               W. Barkley Fritz   The women of ENIAC . . . . . . . . . . . 13--28
                    D. W. Gurer   Women's contributions to early computing
                                  at the National Bureau of Standards  . . 29--35
                       A. Goyal   Women in computing: historical roles,
                                  the perpetual glass ceiling, and current
                                  opportunities  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--42
                      T. Estrin   Women's studies and computer science:
                                  their intersection . . . . . . . . . . . 43--46
                        A. Adam   Constructions of gender in the history
                                  of artificial intelligence . . . . . . . 47--53
                  Peggy Kidwell   The Early History of Data Networks
                                  [Reviews]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--77
                  Peggy Kidwell   Enigma [Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--77

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 18, Number 4, October / December, 1996

                     J. M. Nyce   Guest Editor's Introduction  . . . . . . 3--3
                   M. D. Bowles   U.S. technological enthusiasm and
                                  British technological skepticism in the
                                  age of the analog brain  . . . . . . . . 5--15
                    P. A. Holst   Svein Rosseland and the Oslo analyzer    16--26
                   M. Johansson   Early analog computers in Sweden ---
                                  with examples from Chalmers University
                                  of Technology and the Swedish aerospace
                                  industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--33
                       L. Owens   Where are we going, Phil Morse? Changing
                                  agendas and the rhetoric of obviousness
                                  in the transformation of computing at
                                  MIT, 1939--1957  . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--41
                      A. Tympas   From digital to analog and back: the
                                  ideology of intelligent machines in the
                                  history of the electrical analyzer,
                                  1870s--1960s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--48
                      S. Puchta   On the role of mathematics and
                                  mathematical knowledge in the invention
                                  of Vannevar Bush's early analog
                                  computers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--59
                     J. Tomayko   Computers vs. the Human Race . . . . . . 60--60
                     Eric Weiss   Obituaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--61
                     F. Preston   Calculators  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--64
                Coral Burns and   
                Natalie Simpson   Comments, Queries, and Debate: Another
                                  Difference Engine, or Who Was Berry? . . 65--65
                 I. J. Good and   
                  Donald Michie   Comments, Queries, and Debate: 50 Years
                                  After Breaking the Codes: a Disclaimer   65--66
                      G. Bowker   Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--67
                  Peggy Kidwell   Collected works of A. M. Turing ---
                                  morphogenesis  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--69
                  Peggy Kidwell   The trouble with computers: Usefulness,
                                  usability and productivity . . . . . . . 69--69
                  Peggy Kidwell   Information and secrecy: Vannevar Bush,
                                  Ultra and the other Memex  . . . . . . . 70--70


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume ??, Number ??, 1996

         Gerald J. Holzmann and   
                  Bjorn Pehrson   The Early History of Data Networks . . . ??


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 19, Number 1, January / March, 1997

                     P. Ceruzzi   Crossing the divide: architectural
                                  issues and the emergence of the stored
                                  program computer, 1935--1955 . . . . . . 5--12
                   M. V. Wilkes   Arithmetic on the EDSAC  . . . . . . . . 13--15
                     Kaila Katz   Historical content in computer science
                                  texts: a concern . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--19
                     S. Shapiro   Splitting the difference: the historical
                                  necessity of synthesis in software
                                  engineering  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--54
              G. W. Reitwiesner   The first operating system for the EDVAC 55--59
                      Anonymous   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60--64
                      Anonymous   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--73
                   J. A. N. Lee   King of the Seven Dwarfs, General
                                  Electric's Ambiguous Challenge to the
                                  Computer Industry [Book Reviews] . . . . 78--79
              M. Campbell-Kelly   The International Computer Software
                                  Industry: a Comparative Study of
                                  Industry Evolution and Structure [Book
                                  Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79--79
                   R. W. Seidel   Knowing Machines: Essays on Technical
                                  Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79--80
                      Anonymous   A Bibliographic Guide to the History of
                                  Computer Applications, 1950--1990 [Book
                                  Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--80
                      Anonymous   The Colossus of Bletchley Park, IEEE
                                  Rev., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 55--59 [Book
                                  Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--80
                      Anonymous   I Sing the Body Electronic: a Year With
                                  Microsoft on the Multimedia Frontier
                                  [Book Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--80
                      Anonymous   The World's Largest Machine: Global
                                  Telecommunications and the Human
                                  Condition [Book Reviews] . . . . . . . . 80--80

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 19, Number 2, April / June, 1997

                       R. Rojas   Konrad Zuse's legacy: the architecture
                                  of the Z1 and Z3 . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--16
              Wolfgang K. Giloi   Konrad Zuse's Plankalkül: the first
                                  high-level, ``non von Neumann''
                                  programming language . . . . . . . . . . 17--24
                    H. Polachek   Before the ENIAC [weapons firing table
                                  calculations]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--30
               F. W. Kistermann   Locating the victims: the nonrole of
                                  punched card technology and census work  31--45
               H. D. Huskey and   
               R. Thorensen and   
             B. F. Ambrosio and   
                   E. C. Yowell   The SWAC design features and operating
                                  experience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46--50
                   H. D. Huskey   SWAC --- Standards Western Automatic
                                  Computer: the Pioneer Day session at NCC
                                  July 1978  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--61
                      E. Kaplan   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--69
                   R. B. Forest   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--73
                  Peggy Kidwell   Review: Nicolas Bion: The Construction
                                  and Principal Uses of Mathematical
                                  Instruments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--83

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 19, Number 3, July / September, 1997

                      W. Aspray   The Intel 4004 microprocessor: what
                                  constituted invention? . . . . . . . . . 4--15
                   S. B. Barnes   Douglas Carl Engelbart: developing the
                                  underlying concepts for contemporary
                                  computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--26
                  J. W. Cortada   Economic preconditions that made
                                  possible application of commercial
                                  computing in the United States . . . . . 27--40
               D. MacKenzie and   
                   G. Pottinger   Mathematics, technology, and trust:
                                  formal verification, computer security,
                                  and the U.S. military  . . . . . . . . . 41--59
                       J. Yates   Early interactions between the life
                                  insurance and computer industries: the
                                  Prudential's Edmund C. Berkeley  . . . . 60--73
                  Peggy Kidwell   Review: David G. Stork, Ed., HAL's
                                  Legacy: 2001's Computer as Dream and
                                  Reality  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--78

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 19, Number 4, October / December, 1997

                 M. R. Williams   About this Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--4
                    R. L. Baber   Comparison of electrical ``engineering''
                                  of Heaviside's times and software
                                  ``engineering'' of our times . . . . . . 5--17
                    D. A. Grier   Gertrude Blanch of the Mathematical
                                  Tables Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--27
                       L. Heide   Shaping a technology: American punched
                                  card systems 1880--1914  . . . . . . . . 28--41
                    J. King and   
                   W. A. Shelly   A family history of Honeywell's
                                  large-scale computer systems . . . . . . 42--46
                      N. Holmes   A tale of assembly . . . . . . . . . . . 47--49
                 Anand V. Raman   The Katapayadi Formula and the Modern
                                  Hashing Technique  . . . . . . . . . . . 49--52


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 20, Number 1, January / March, 1998

                 P. Wolcott and   
               M. N. Dorojevets   The Institute of Precision Mechanics and
                                  Computer Technology and the El'brus
                                  family of high-speed computers . . . . . 4--14
                  A. P. Speiser   IBM Research Laboratory Zurich: The
                                  Early Years  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--28
            G. C. Stierhoff and   
                    A. G. Davis   A history of the IBM Systems Journal . . 29--35
                     L. Johnson   A view from the 1960s: how the software
                                  industry began . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--42
                  J. A. Postley   Mark IV: evolution of the software
                                  product, a memoir  . . . . . . . . . . . 43--50
                      Anonymous   Obituary Mina S. Rees  . . . . . . . . . 65--66
                       R. Otnes   The Calcumeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--69
               F. W. Kistermann   Blaise Pascal's adding machine: new
                                  findings and conclusions . . . . . . . . 69--76
                       A. Akera   Building IBM: Shaping An Industry And
                                  Its Technologies [Reviews] . . . . . . . 81--82
                  J. W. Cortada   The timetable of computers: a chronology
                                  of the most important people and events
                                  in the history of computers [Review] . . 82--83
              J. Nunemacher and   
                     P. Kidwell   Selected Papers On Computer Science  . . 82--83

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 20, Number 2, April / June, 1998

                   R. A. Kirsch   SEAC and the start of image processing
                                  at the National Bureau of Standards  . . 7--13
                     D. Bissell   Was the IDIIOM the first stand-alone CAD
                                  platform?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14--19
                   K. K. Fallon   Early computer graphics developments in
                                  the architecture, engineering and
                                  construction industry  . . . . . . . . . 20--29
                      T. Wright   History and technology of computer fonts 30--34
             J. Bloomenthal and   
             R. E. Barnhill and   
               B. A. Barsky and   
                  P. Bezier and   
                 R. Forrest and   
                     N. Max and   
               D. M. Palyka and   
               D. F. Rogers and   
               H. Rushmeier and   
                A. R. Smith and   
                   R. Stock and   
             N. M. Thalmann and   
                    D. Thalmann   Graphics remembrances  . . . . . . . . . 35--51
                      B. Wyvill   Experiences With Computer Graphics in
                                  the United Kingdom in the 1970's . . . . 52--54
                C. E. McTiernan   The ENIAC patent . . . . . . . . . . . . 54--58, 80
                         J. Lee   Richard F. Clippinger: 1913--1997  . . . 59--59
                        Jan Lee   Richard Wesley Hamming: 1915--1998 . . . 60--62
                    E. A. Weiss   Helmut Hoelzer: 1912--1996 . . . . . . . 62--63
                    H. A. Simon   Allen Newell: 1927--1992 . . . . . . . . 63--76
                   G. C. Bowker   IEEE Computer Society Awards . . . . . . 79--80
                   G. C. Bowker   1998 IEEE Medal of Honor . . . . . . . . 80--80
                    C. Machover   An Interview With Andries Van Dam  . . . 81--84

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 20, Number 3, July / September, 1998

            B. J. Shelburne and   
                   C. P. Burton   Early programs on the Manchester Mark I
                                  Prototype  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--15
                    G. Gray and   
                       R. Smith   Sperry Rand's transistor computers . . . 16--26
                    I. B. Cohen   Howard Aiken on the number of computers
                                  needed for the nation  . . . . . . . . . 27--32
                    D. A. Grier   The Math Tables Project of the work
                                  projects administration: the reluctant
                                  start of the computing era . . . . . . . 33--50
                       R. Rojas   How to make Zuse's Z3 a universal
                                  computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--54
                    J. C. Logue   From vacuum tubes to very large scale
                                  integration: a personal memoir . . . . . 55--68
                      Anonymous   Biographies, John Mourice McClean
                                  Pinkerton  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--71
                       B. Flamm   Calculators  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--73
                      Anonymous   Larry Owens wins IEEE Life Member Prize
                                  for his Annals article on MIT  . . . . . 76--76
                 N. M. Swerdlow   Calendrical Calculations [Reviews] . . . 78--78
              Frederick Nebeker   Electronic Inventions and Discoveries:
                                  Electronics from its Earliest Beginnings
                                  to the present day [Reviews] . . . . . . 79--79
                  A. L. Norberg   Trapped in the Net: The unanticipated
                                  consequences of computerization
                                  [Reviews]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79--80

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 20, Number 4, October / December, 1998

               Peggy A. Kidwell   Stalking the elusive computer bug  . . . 5--9
    M. R. (Michael R.) Williams   The ``Last Word'' on Charles Babbage . . 10--14
              J. P. Eckert, Jr.   A survey of digital computer memory
                                  systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15--28
                  A. G. Bromley   Charles Babbage's Analytical Engine,
                                  1838 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29--45
              M. Campbell-Kelly   Programming the EDSAC: early programming
                                  activity at the University of Cambridge  46--67
                      J. Backus   The history of Fortran I, II, and III    68--78
                 M. R. Williams   Alternate Sources of History . . . . . . 79--80


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 21, Number 1, January / March, 1999

             J. Impagliazzo and   
          M. Campbell-Kelly and   
                  G. Davies and   
                   J. A. N. Lee   History in the computing curriculum  . . 4--16
                     J. Howlett   The Atlas Computer Laboratory  . . . . . 17--23
                   R. N. Ibbett   The University of Manchester MU5 project 24--33
                     J. S. Rohl   The influence of programming languages
                                  on the design of MU5 . . . . . . . . . . 34--37
                 P. T. Kirstein   Early experiences with the Arpanet and
                                  Internet in the United Kingdom . . . . . 38--44
                  J. E. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--47
                   J. A. N. Lee   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--65
                  W. L. Zwerman   Profession/occupation without a history  66--70
                    D. A. Grier   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 71--75
                  Peggy Kidwell   Engines of the mind: the evolution of
                                  computer from mainframes to
                                  microprocessors  . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--77
                  Peggy Kidwell   Darwin among the machines: The evolution
                                  of global intelligence . . . . . . . . . 77--78
                  Peggy Kidwell   Book Review: Michael Riordan and Lillian
                                  Doddeson, Crystal fire: the birth of the
                                  information age  . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--78
                  Peggy Kidwell   Journey to the moon: the history of the
                                  Apollo Guidance Computer . . . . . . . . 78--79

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 21, Number 2, April / June, 1999

                    J. Brosveet   IBM salesman meets Norwegian tax
                                  collector: computer entrepreneurs in the
                                  making . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--13
                   M. Johansson   Big Blue gets beaten: the technological
                                  and political controversy of the first
                                  large Swedish computerization project in
                                  a rhetoric of technology perspective . . 14--30
                   P. V. Kluver   From research institute to computer
                                  company: Regnecentralen 1946--1964 . . . 31--43
                 M. Vehvilainen   Gender and computing in retrospect: the
                                  case of Finland  . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--51
                  P.-A. Persson   Transformation of the analog: the case
                                  of the Saab BT 33 artillery fire control
                                  simulator and the introduction of the
                                  digital computer as control technology   52--64
               F. W. Kistermann   When could anyone have seen Leibniz's
                                  stepped wheel? . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--72

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 21, Number 3, July / September, 1999

                S. P. Prokhorov   Computers in Russia: science, education,
                                  and industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--15
                 S. V. Klimenko   Computer science in Russia: a personal
                                  view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--30
                L. Telksnys and   
                   A. Zilinskas   Computers in Lithuania . . . . . . . . . 31--37
                  J. Dujnic and   
               N. Fristacky and   
                  L. Molnar and   
                 I. Plander and   
                       B. Rovan   On the history of computer science,
                                  computer engineering, and computer
                                  technology development in Slovakia . . . 38--48
                Z. Szentgyorgyi   A short history of computing in Hungary  49--57
                      Anonymous   History of computer developments in
                                  Romania  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58--60
                G. K. Stolyarov   Computers in Belarus: chronology of the
                                  main events  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--70
                      Anonymous   Robert John Lansdown . . . . . . . . . . 66--67
                      Anonymous   John Lions [obituary]  . . . . . . . . . 67--67
                      Anonymous   Charles E. Molnar [obituary] . . . . . . 67--69
                      Anonymous   Jonathan Postel  . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--70
                       J. Guice   James A. Anderson and Edward Rosenfeld,
                                  Eds., \em Talking Nets: An Oral History
                                  of Neural Networks [Book Review] . . . . 75--75
                      K. Smilie   David Ewing Duncan, \em Calendar:
                                  Humanity's Epic Struggle to Determine a
                                  True and Accurate Year [Book Review] . . 75--75
                      A. Tympas   Paul Levinson, The Soft Edge: A Natural
                                  History and Future of the Information
                                  Revolution [Book Review] . . . . . . . . 76--76
                     T. J. Misa   Susanne K. Schmidt and Raymund Werle,
                                  \em Coordinating Technology: Studies in
                                  the International Standardization of
                                  Telecommunications [Book Review] . . . . 76--77

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 21, Number 4, October / December, 1999

                      W. Aspray   Command and control, documentation, and
                                  library science: the origins of
                                  information science at the University of
                                  Pittsburgh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--20
                 G. H. Buck and   
                    S. M. Hunka   W. Stanley Jevons, Allan Marquand, and
                                  the origins of digital computing . . . . 21--27
                G. De Marco and   
                G. Mainetto and   
                  S. Pisani and   
                      P. Savino   The early computers of Italy . . . . . . 28--36
                     S. I. Gass   Project Mercury's man-in-space real-time
                                  computer system: ``you have a go, at
                                  least seven orbits'' . . . . . . . . . . 37--48
                   J. R. Harris   The earliest solid-state digital
                                  computers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--54
                    L. C. Brown   Flyable TRADIC: the first airborne
                                  transistorized digital computer  . . . . 55--61
               F. W. Kistermann   Leo Wenzel Pollak (1888--1964):
                                  Czechoslovakian pioneer in scientific
                                  data processing  . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--68
                      Anonymous   Overcoming pilot-induced oscillations in
                                  the space shuttle  . . . . . . . . . . . 69--70
                    M. Croarken   Case 5,656: L. J. Comrie and the origins
                                  of the Scientific Computing Service Ltd. 70--71
                   G. E. Meyers   IBM field engineering experiences: a
                                  personal memoir  . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--76
          Peggy Aldrich Kidwell   Departments --- Reviews --- Electronic
                                  Genie Rescuing Prometheus; Forbes'
                                  Greatest Technology Stories; Information
                                  Ages; The Mathematical Theory of
                                  Communication; LEO: The Incredible Story
                                  of the World's First Business; Computer
                                  Architects of the Information Society;
                                  Cryptologia; The Supply of Information
                                  Technology Workers in the US . . . . . . 81--84
                    T. M. Smith   Thomas P. Hughes, \em Rescuing
                                  Prometheus [Book Review] . . . . . . . . 82--82
                   J. A. N. Lee   Jeffrey Young, \em Forbes' Greatest
                                  Technology Stories [Book Review] . . . . 82--83


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 22, Number 1, January / March, 2000

              J. W. Birkenstock   Pioneering: on the frontier of
                                  electronic data processing, a personal
                                  memoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--47
                    D. A. Grier   Agricultural computing and the context
                                  for John Atanasoff . . . . . . . . . . . 48--61
                   J. A. N. Lee   Howard Aiken's third machine: the Howard
                                  Mark III calculator or Aiken-Dahlgren
                                  electronic calculator  . . . . . . . . . 62--81
                  J. E. Tomayko   Ida Rhodes and the dreams of a human
                                  computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--85
                   J. A. N. Lee   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86--87
                     K. Smillie   Mapping time. the calendar and its
                                  history  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--89
                    M. Croarken   Howard Aiken: portrait of a computer
                                  pioneer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--89
                    E. A. Weiss   Magnetic recording, the first 100 years  90--90
                   R. W. Seidel   Feynman and computation: exploring the
                                  limits of computers  . . . . . . . . . . 90--91

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 22, Number 2, April / June, 2000

               Peggy A. Kidwell   The adding machine fraternity at St.
                                  Louis: creating a center of invention,
                                  1880--1920 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--21
                     E. C. Hall   From the farm to pioneering with digital
                                  control computers: an autobiography  . . 22--31
                D. A. Grier and   
                    M. Campbell   A social history of Bitnet and Listserv,
                                  1985--1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--41
                      G. Estrin   Computer network-based scientific
                                  collaboration in the energy research
                                  community, 1973--1977: a memoir  . . . . 42--52
               J. A. N. Lee and   
                  G. E. Snively   The rise and sale of the General
                                  Electric Computer Department: a further
                                  look . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--60
                  J. E. Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--66
                   J. A. N. Lee   Obituary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--68
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Making microchips: policy,
                                  globalization, and economic
                                  restructuring in the semiconductor
                                  industry [Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . . 75--76
               Peggy A. Kidwell   In the beginning: recollections of
                                  software pioneers [Reviews]  . . . . . . 76--77
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Legal battles that shaped the computer
                                  industry [Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . . 77--77
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Nerds 2.0.1: a brief history of the
                                  Internet [Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . . 77--79
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Cryptonomicon [Reviews]  . . . . . . . . 79--79
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Illustrators on the computer [Reviews]   80--80
               Peggy A. Kidwell   The near impossibility of making a
                                  microchip [Reviews]  . . . . . . . . . . 80--80
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Poor little Lisa, invention and
                                  technology [Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . 80--80
               Peggy A. Kidwell   The Swiss Nema cipher machine [Reviews]  80--80
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Sorting things out: classification and
                                  its consequences [Reviews] . . . . . . . 80--80
               Peggy A. Kidwell   Why you need to understand Y2k [Reviews] 80--80

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 22, Number 3, July / September, 2000

                        J. Aris   Inventing systems engineering [LEO]  . . 4--15
                        F. Land   The first business computer: a case
                                  study in user-driven innovation  . . . . 16--26
               J. A. N. Lee and   
                   C. Burke and   
                    D. Anderson   The US Bombes, NCR, Joseph Desch, and
                                  600 WAVES: the first reunion of the US
                                  Naval Computing Machine Laboratory . . . 27--41
                      W. Aspray   Was early entry a competitive advantage?
                                  US universities that entered computing
                                  in the 1940s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--87
             A. Fitzpatrick and   
                    M. Croarken   Events and sightings . . . . . . . . . . 88--92

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 22, Number 4, October / December, 2000

                     Tim Bergin   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
            Michael R. Williams   Allan Bromley  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
              Maurice V. Wilkes   Introduction to ``Babbage's Analytical
                                  Engine Plans 28 and 28a --- The
                                  Programmer's Interface'' by Allan
                                  Bromley  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--5
               Allan G. Bromley   Babbage's Analytical Engine Plans 28 and
                                  28a. The programmer's interface  . . . . 5--19
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Charles Babbage eulogy . . . . . . . . . 20--21
      Nathaniel Shatswell Dodge   Charles Babbage Eulogy (from the
                                  Smithsonian Annual Report of 1873) . . . 22--43
              Mary Croarken and   
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Beautiful numbers: the rise and decline
                                  of the British Association Mathematical
                                  Tables Committee, 1871--1965 . . . . . . 44--61
                      Anonymous   Reviews: Peggy Aldrich Kidwell: The
                                  Cogwheel Brain: Charles Babbage and the
                                  Quest to Build the First Computer:
                                  Endless Frontier: Vannevar Bush,
                                  Engineer of the American Century:
                                  Dorothy Hodgkin: a Life: ENIAC: The
                                  Triumphs and Tragedies of the World's
                                  First Computer: Inventing the Internet:
                                  Meaning in Technology  . . . . . . . . . 62--63
                   M. V. Wilkes   The cogwheel brain: Charles Babbage and
                                  the quest to build the first computer
                                  [Book Review]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--63
                     M. Riordan   Endless frontier: Vannevar Bush,
                                  engineer of the American century [Book
                                  Review]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--64
                    M. Croarken   Dorothy Hodgkin: a life  . . . . . . . . 65--65
                       A. Akera   ENIAC: the triumphs and tragedies of the
                                  world's first computer [Book Review] . . 65--66
                  H. D. Wallace   Inventing the Internet [Book Review] . . 66--67
                     R. C. Post   Meaning in technology [Book Review]  . . 67--68
                W. Buchholz and   
                      M. Wilkes   Was Babbage caught in the act? . . . . . 69--70
                 Maurice Wilkes   Comments, Queries, and Debates: Was
                                  Babbage caught in the act? . . . . . . . 69--70
                Fred R. Shapiro   Comments, Queries, and Debates: Origin
                                  of the term ``personal computer'':
                                  evidence from the JSTOR electronic
                                  journal archive  . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--71
                   J. A. N. Lee   Ada Augusta, Countess of Lovelace,
                                  1815--1852 what was her family name? . . 72--73
                  James Tomayko   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--73
           Anne Fitzpatrick and   
                  Mary Croarken   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 77
                      Anonymous   2000 Annual Index: Complete author and
                                  subject listings . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
               David Alan Grier   Think Piece  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 23, Number 1, January / March, 2001

                     Tim Bergin   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
             George T. Gray and   
                Ronald Q. Smith   Sperry Rand's Third-Generation Computers
                                  1964--1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--16
                   Robert Doyle   The US Navy's First Online Crypto System 17--21
                      Anonymous   A Career Interview with Bernie Galler    22--33
               James W. Cortada   Using Textual Demographics to Understand
                                  Computer Use: 1950--1990 . . . . . . . . 34--56
           Anne Fitzpatrick and   
                  Mary Croarken   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 57--61
          Peggy Aldrich Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--63
                   J. A. N. Lee   Biographies: [Obituaries: John Weber
                                  Carr III & Joan Elisabeth Lowther Clarke
                                  Murray]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--75
                   Guy Tremblay   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--79
        Friedrich W. Kistermann   Calculators: How to Use the Schickard
                                  Calculator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--85
                   J. A. N. Lee   Biographies: Obituaries: [John W.
                                  Haanstra]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--87
                Paul N. Edwards   Think Piece  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--87

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 23, Number 2, April / June, 2001

                     Tim Bergin   About This Issue/From the Editor's Desk  2
                 Alvy Ray Smith   Digital Paint Systems: An Anecdotal and
                                  Historical Overview  . . . . . . . . . . 4--30
                  Richard Shoup   SuperPaint: An Early Frame Buffer
                                  Graphics System  . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--37
               David Alan Grier   The Rise and Fall of the Committee on
                                  Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to
                                  Computation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38--49
            Michael R. Williams   Calvin Mooers, the NOL Computer Project,
                                  and John Vincent Atanasoff: An
                                  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--51
               Calvin N. Mooers   The Computer Project at the Naval
                                  Ordnance Laboratory  . . . . . . . . . . 51
           Anne Fitzpatrick and   
                  Mary Croarken   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 68--73
          Peggy Aldrich Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--75
               David Alan Grier   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--79
                   J. A. N. Lee   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
                  James Cortada   Think Piece  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 23, Number 3, July / September, 2001

                     Tim Bergin   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--2
          Peggy Aldrich Kidwell   `Yours for Improvement' --- The Adding
                                  Machines of Chicago, 1884--1930  . . . . 3--21
                   M. M. Irvine   Early Digital Computers at Bell
                                  Telephone Laboratories . . . . . . . . . 22--42
         George R. Trimble, Jr.   A Brief History of Computing: Memoirs of
                                  Living on the Edge . . . . . . . . . . . 44--59
                Robert V. Head.   Univac: a Philadelphia Story . . . . . . 60--63
                 Robert V. Head   ERMA's Lost Battalion  . . . . . . . . . 64--72
               Peter J. Denning   Origin of Virtual Machines and Other
                                  Virtualities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73--73
                      Anonymous   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 74--77
              M. Campbell-Kelly   Charles Babbage and the engines of
                                  perfection [Reviews] . . . . . . . . . . 78--78
                     K. Smillie   The complete story of codebreaking in
                                  World War II [Reviews] . . . . . . . . . 78--79
                  Peggy Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--81
                   J. A. N. Lee   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--86
                   Janet Abbate   Hands on the Machine . . . . . . . . . . 88, 87

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 23, Number 4, October / December, 2001

                 William Aspray   Adelle and Erwin Tomash: Honoring a
                                  Couple's Contributions to Computer
                                  History  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                 William Aspray   Erwin Tomash: His Life and Work  . . . . 4--11
              Arthur L. Norberg   A Perspective on the History of the
                                  Charles Babbage Institute and the
                                  Charles Babbage Foundation . . . . . . . 12--23
                Jeffrey R. Yost   CBI/Tomash Fellowship: Sponsoring a
                                  Generation of Scholars in the History of
                                  Information Processing . . . . . . . . . 24--28
          Bruce H. Bruemmer and   
               Elisabeth Kaplan   Realizing the Concept: a History of the
                                  CBI Archives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29--38
            Michael R. Williams   Building a World-Class Book Collection:
                                  The Tomash Library . . . . . . . . . . . 39--43
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   The Charles Babbage Institute Reprint
                                  Series for the History of Computing  . . 44--48
                Paul E. Ceruzzi   A View from 20 Years as a Historian of
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--55
            Nathan L. Ensmenger   The `Question of Professionalism' in the
                                  Computer Fields  . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--74
                   Thomas Haigh   The Chromium-Plated Tabulator:
                                  Institutionalizing an Electronic
                                  Revolution, 1954--1958 . . . . . . . . . 75--104
                 William Aspray   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 105--106
                      Anonymous   Annual Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107--108


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 24, Number 1, January / March, 2002

                     Tim Bergin   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                Burton Grad and   
                 Luanne Johnson   The Start of the Software Products
                                  Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--4
                   Thomas Haigh   Software in the 1960s as Concept,
                                  Service, and Product . . . . . . . . . . 5--13
                 Luanne Johnson   Creating the Software Industry:
                                  Recollections of Software Company
                                  Founders of the 1960s  . . . . . . . . . 14--42
                   Martin Goetz   Memoirs of a Software Pioneer: Part I    43--56
                Emerson W. Pugh   Origins of Software Bundling . . . . . . 57--58
              Watts S. Humphrey   Software Unbundling: a Personal
                                  Perspective  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--63
                    Burton Grad   A Personal Recollection: IBM's
                                  Unbundling of Software and Services  . . 64--71
               James W. Cortada   Researching the History of Software from
                                  the 1960s  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--79
                      Anonymous   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--89
                      Anonymous   Events and Sightings: Web Extra: CBI
                                  Conference --- ``Unbundling history: The
                                  emergence of the software product''  . . 90--94
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Think Piece  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96, 95

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 24, Number 2, April / June, 2002

                     Tim Bergin   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
             Rebecca Graham and   
                W. Boyd Rayward   Guest Editors' Introduction: Computer
                                  Applications in Libraries, Part 1  . . . 3--3
                W. Boyd Rayward   A History of Computer Applications in
                                  Libraries: Prolegomena . . . . . . . . . 4--15
             Robert V. Williams   The Use of Punched Cards in US Libraries
                                  and Documentation Centers, 1936--1965    16--33
              Sally H. McCallum   MARC: Keystone for Library Automation    34--49
            Ritvars Bregzis and   
             Calvin Gotlieb and   
                   Carole Moore   The Beginning of Automation in the
                                  University of Toronto Library,
                                  1963--1972 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--70
              Alvan Bregman and   
               Robert H. Burger   Library Automation at the University of
                                  Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,
                                  1965--2000: a Case Study of
                                  Technological and Organizational
                                  Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--85
               Anne Fitzpatrick   Anecdotes: a well-intentioned query and
                                  the Halloween Problem  . . . . . . . . . 86--89
                  Peggy Aldrich   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94--99
                     K. Smillie   Book Review: Turing and the universal
                                  machine: the making of the modern
                                  computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95--95
                      Anonymous   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 100--103
           Jonathan Coopersmith   Membership Has Its Partisans . . . . . . 104, 103

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 24, Number 3, July / September, 2002

               Deanna B. Marcum   Automating the Library: The Council on
                                  Library Resources  . . . . . . . . . . . 2--13
            Cheryl Knott Malone   Imagining Information Retrieval in the
                                  Library: Desk Set in Historical Context  14--22
                Jim Segesta and   
               Keith Reid-Green   Harley Tillitt and Computerized Library
                                  Searching  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--34
José-Marie Griffiths and   
                 Donald W. King   US Information Retrieval System
                                  Evolution and Evaluation . . . . . . . . 35--55
                    Colin Burke   The Ford Foundation's Search for an
                                  American Library Laboratory  . . . . . . 56--74
                 Rebecca Graham   Guest Editor's Conclusion: Reflections
                                  on the Evolution of Library Computing    75--78
                      Anonymous   Remembering the LFK Network  . . . . . . 79--81
                      Anonymous   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 82--84
              Ralph Erskine and   
               Philip Marks and   
                  Frode Weierud   Letter to the Editor: Review of US
                                  Bombes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--87
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Twin Pillars of Computing  . . . . . . . 88, 87

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 24, Number 4, October / December, 2002

                     Tim Bergin   About This Issue/From the Editor's Desk  2--2
                  Gerald Estrin   Reconfigurable Computer Origins: The
                                  UCLA Fixed-Plus-Variable (F+V) Structure
                                  Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--9
            Keith S. Reid-Green   Three early algorithms: [Bresenham's
                                  line-drawing algorithm; a square-root
                                  algorithm; Machin's algorithm:
                                  computation of $\pi$]  . . . . . . . . . 10--13
                   Martin Goetz   Memoirs of a Software Pioneer: Part 2    14--31
                 Robert V. Head   Getting Sabre off the Ground . . . . . . 32--39
               Anne Fitzpatrick   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--44
               David Alan Grier   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . 45--47
                  Peggy Kidwell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--52
                   J. A. N. Lee   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53--55
              Mary Croarken and   
               Nathan Ensmenger   Events & Sightings  . . . . . . . . . . . 56--59
                      Anonymous   2002 Annual Index  . . . . . . . . . . . 60--61
                   Paul Ceruzzi   Datamation, Annals, Slashdot, and
                                  Tomorrow's History . . . . . . . . . . . 72, 71


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 25, Number 1, January / March, 2003

                     Tim Bergin   About This Issue/From the Editor's Desk  2--3
          Donald E. Eckdahl and   
             Irving S. Reed and   
   Hrant H. (Harold) Sarkissian   West Coast Contributions to the
                                  Development of the General-Purpose
                                  Computer: Building Maddida and the
                                  Founding of Computer Research
                                  Corporation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--33
        Michael R. Williams and   
                   Erwin Tomash   The Sector: Its History, Scales, and
                                  Uses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--47
             Adele Mildred Koss   Programming on the Univac 1: a Woman's
                                  Account  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--59
                 Robert V. Head   Working in the House that FACT Built . . 60--64
              Mary Croarken and   
               Nathan Ensmenger   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 65--69
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--71
                   S. Berkovich   Anecdotes: Reminiscences of
                                  superconductive associative memory
                                  research in the former Soviet Union  . . 72--75
               Anne Fitzpatrick   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--79
               J. A. N. Lee and   
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies: Per Brinch Hansen . . . . . 80--83
                 Sara Outterson   Obituary: Edward Louis Glaser
                                  [1929--1991] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--87
                    Burton Grad   Preserving the Software Industry's Past  88, 3
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies: Obituary: I. Bernard Cohen  89--92

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 25, Number 2, April / June, 2003

                     Tim Bergin   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--2
          David Tresman Caminer   Behind the Curtain at LEO: a Personal
                                  Reminiscence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--13
                 C. A. R. Hoare   Assertions: a Personal Perspective . . . 14--25
                 Cliff B. Jones   The Early Search for Tractable Ways of
                                  Reasoning about Programs . . . . . . . . 26--49
             George T. Gray and   
                Ronald Q. Smith   Before the B5000: Burroughs Computers,
                                  1951--1963 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--61
             Zbigniew Stachniak   The Making of the MCM/70 Microcomputer   62--75
              Mary Croarken and   
               Nathan Ensmenger   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 76--79
               Anne Fitzpatrick   Anecdotes [Developing Telnet's
                                  negotiated options]  . . . . . . . . . . 80--82
                      D. Spicer   They dream tomorrow: a portrait of Ada
                                  Lovelace [Book Review] . . . . . . . . . 83--83
                       F. Seitz   True genius: The life and science of
                                  John Bardeen [Book Review] . . . . . . . 83--84
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--85
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies [Building the Manchester
                                  differential analyzers: a personal
                                  reflection]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86--92
              Jennifer S. Light   Before the Internet, There Was Cable . . 96, 94--95

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 25, Number 3, July / September, 2003

                     Tim Bergin   About This Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                  Don Black and   
           Walter Dickson Jones   Watson and Me: a Life at IBM . . . . . . 4--18
              Sherman N. Mullin   Into Digital Computing through the Back
                                  Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--28
                   Joe F. Moore   Creating Profit with Computers: My Life
                                  as CEO of Bonner & Moore Associates . . . 30--47
                  Mary Croarken   Tabulating the Heavens: Computing the
                                  \em Nautical Almanac in 18th-Century
                                  England  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--61
          Chigusa Ishikawa Kita   J. C. R. Licklider's Vision for the IPTO 62--77
              Mary Croarken and   
               Nathan Ensmenger   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 78--81
               Anne Fitzpatrick   Anecdotes: On the origins of :-) . . . . 82--83
                    A. J. Field   Networking the world [Book Review] . . . 83--83
                   S. B. Barnes   Bootstrapping: Douglas Engelbart,
                                  coevolution, and the origins of personal
                                  computing [Book Review]  . . . . . . . . 84--85
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84--89
               Solomon Polachek   Biographies: Obituary: Harry Polachek
                                  [1913--2002] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90--92
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies: [Obituaries: Rob Kling
                                  [1944--2003]]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92--94
               David Alan Grier   The Great Machine Theory of History  . . 96, 95

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 25, Number 4, October / December, 2003

                     Tim Bergin   From the Editor's Desk: Some Final
                                  Thoughts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                   Janet Abbate   Guest Editor's Introduction: Women and
                                  Gender in the History of Computing . . . 4--8
                  Mary Croarken   Mary Edwards: Computing for a Living in
                                  18th-Century England . . . . . . . . . . 9--15
                 John Fuegi and   
                     Jo Francis   Lovelace & Babbage and the Creation of
                                  the 1843 `Notes' . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--26
    Elizabeth Phillips Williams   A Systems Analyst's Computer Watch:
                                  1943--2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27--39
             Adele Mildred Koss   Programming at Burroughs and Philco in
                                  the 1950s  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--50
              Scott M. Campbell   Beatrice Helen Worsley: Canada's Female
                                  Computer Pioneer . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--62
          Valerie A. G. Macduff   Half a Lifetime in Computing:
                                  Experiences in Zambia, Britain, and
                                  Australia  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--66
              Linda Stepulevage   Computer-Based Office Work: Stories of
                                  Gender, Design, and Use  . . . . . . . . 67--72
              Mary Croarken and   
           Nathan Ensmenger and   
           David Alan Grier and   
           Frederik Nebeker and   
                 David Anderson   Events & Sightings  . . . . . . . . . . . 73--77
           Anne Fitzpatrick and   
               Janet Abbate and   
           Frank S. Preston and   
                Lucy Slater and   
       Mary Lee Berners-Lee and   
                Jean Sammet and   
     Dame Stephanie Shirley and   
              Ruzena Bajcsy and   
                  Ann Hardy and   
             Adele Goldberg and   
                     Anita Borg   Anecdotes: How did you first get into
                                  computing? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--88
               Thomas Haigh and   
                 Maurice Wilkes   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--92
                Paul E. Ceruzzi   Book Review: Diana H. Hook and Jeremy M.
                                  Norman, with contributions by Michael R.
                                  Williams, Origins of Cyberspace: A
                                  Library History of Computing,
                                  Networking, and Telecommunications,
                                  historyofscience.com, 2002, ISBN
                                  0-930405-85-4, 670 pp. . . . . . . . . . 93--93
          Jonathan Reed Winkler   Book Review: Ken Beauchamp, A History of
                                  Telegraphy, IEE History of Technology
                                  Series no. 26, IEE Press, 2001, ISBN
                                  085-296-7926, xxiv + 413 pp., \$95.00}   93--94
                   Robin Morris   Book Review: Ross Knox Bassett, To the
                                  Digital Age: Research Labs, Start-up
                                  Companies and the Rise of MOS
                                  Technology, Johns Hopkins University
                                  Press, 2002, ISBN 0-8018-6809-2, 421
                                  pp., \$44.95}  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94--96
                     Tim Bergin   Book Review: Christine A. Finn, An
                                  Archeologist's Year in Silicon Valley,
                                  MIT Press, 2001, ISBN 0-262-06224-0,
                                  \$24.95 (hardcover).}  . . . . . . . . . 96--96
                  Keith Smillie   Book Review: Severo M. Ornstein,
                                  Computing in the Middle Ages: A View
                                  from the Trenches 1955--1983, 1st Books
                                  Library, 2002, ISBN 1-4033-1517-5, 274
                                  pp., \$14.95}  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96--96
                      Anonymous   IEEE Annals of the History of Computing,
                                  2003 Annual Index, Volume 25 . . . . . . 97--103
               David Alan Grier   The Computer: From John von Neumann to
                                  Irma S. Rombauer . . . . . . . . . . . . 104, 103


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 26, Number 1, January / March, 2004

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
              Bernard A. Galler   Annals: How the First Issue Came to Be   4--7
             Michael S. Mahoney   Finding a History for Software
                                  Engineering  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--19
                Philip L. Frana   Before the Web There Was Gopher  . . . . 20--41
                Anthony Ralston   Four Editions and Eight Publishers: a
                                  History of the Encyclopedia of Computer
                                  Science  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--52
               James W. Cortada   How Did Computing Go Global? The Need
                                  for an Answer and a Research Agenda  . . 53--58
           Anne Fitzpatrick and   
              Joe E. Rogers and   
                      Bob Bemer   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--67
              Mary Croarken and   
              Dorian Rutter and   
                  Tony Mann and   
               Alex Fedorec and   
                 Brian Wichmann   Events & Sightings  . . . . . . . . . . . 68--70
                   S. Gerovitch   Between Human and Machine: Feedback,
                                  Control, and Computing Before
                                  Cybernetics [Book Review]  . . . . . . . 71--73
                 Raul Rojas and   
                   Jon Agar and   
            Slava Gerovitch and   
               Ross Bassett and   
                 Tim Bergin and   
        Nathan L. Ensmenger and   
          Kenneth Lipartito and   
                   J. A. N. Lee   Reviews: Pamela J. Hinds and Sara
                                  Kiesler (eds.), \em Distributed Work,
                                  MIT Press, 2002, ISBN 0-262-08305-1;
                                  David Mindell, \em Between Human and
                                  Machine: Feedback, Control, and
                                  Computing Before Cybernetics, Johns
                                  Hopkins University Press, 2002, ISBN
                                  0-801-86895-5; Jeffrey Zygmont, \em
                                  Microchip: An Idea, Its Genesis, and the
                                  Revolution It Created, Peresus
                                  Publishing, 2003, ISBN 0-7382-0561-3;
                                  Atsushi Akera and Frederick Nebeker,
                                  eds., \em From 0 to 1: An Authoritative
                                  History of Modern Computing, Oxford
                                  Univ. Press, 2002, ISBN 0-19-514025-7;
                                  Martin Campbell-Kelly, \em From Airline
                                  Reservations to Sonic the Hedgehog, MIT
                                  Press, 2003, ISBN 0-262-03303-8; Narain
                                  Gehani, \em Bell Labs: Life in the Crown
                                  Jewel, Silicon Press, 2003, ISBN
                                  0-929306-27-9; \em Smart Computing,
                                  People in Computing: Biographies of
                                  Technology's Pioneers (Computing
                                  Encyclopedia), vol. 5, Sandhill
                                  Publishing Company, 2002 . . . . . . . . 71--77
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies: ADAPSO and the Service
                                  Bureau Industry, 1961--1968; Bernard
                                  ``Bernie'' Goldstein; Frank Lautenberg   78--93
               Nathan Ensmenger   Power to the People: Toward a Social
                                  History of Computing . . . . . . . . . . 96, 94--95

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 26, Number 2, April / June, 2004

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                    Allan Jones   Five 1951 BBC Broadcasts on Automatic
                                  Calculating Machines . . . . . . . . . . 3--15
                 Robert V. Head   Datamation's Glory Days  . . . . . . . . 16--21
            Albert J. Henry and   
              Henry Venture and   
                 Glenn E. Bugos   Sydis and the Voice/Data Terminal Craze
                                  of 1984  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22--33
                     Saul Rosen   Recollections of the Philco Transac
                                  S-2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--47
               John R. Rice and   
                     Saul Rosen   Computer Sciences at Purdue
                                  University---1962 to 2000  . . . . . . . 48--61
                  Keith Smillie   People, Languages, and Computers: a
                                  Short Memoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--74
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies: Robert W Floyd, in Memoriam 75--83
                      Anonymous   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 84--85
               Laurie Robertson   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86--89
                     Raul Rojas   Raul Rojas, Encyclopedia of Computers
                                  and Computer History [Book Review] . . . 90--90
                       R. Rojas   Karl E. Ganzhorn, The IBM Laboratories
                                  Boeblingen Foundation and Build-Up: A
                                  Personal Review [Book Review]  . . . . . 90--91
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90--93
                    Greg Downey   Jumping Contexts of Space and Time . . . 96, 94--95

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 26, Number 3, July / September, 2004

                      Anonymous   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
               Karl E. Ganzhorn   The Buildup of the IBM Boeblingen
                                  Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--19
               Karl E. Ganzhorn   IBM Boeblingen Laboratory: Product
                                  Development  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--30
                  Albert Endres   IBM Boeblingen's Early Software
                                  Contributions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31--41
                  Mario Aloisio   The Calculation of Easter Day, and the
                                  Origin and Use of the Word Computer  . . 42--49
                    Hans Neukom   Early Use of Computers in Swiss Banks    50--59
                   Dan Campbell   Events & Sightings  . . . . . . . . . . . 60--64
               David Alan Grier   Letters to the Editor  . . . . . . . . . 66--68
               Laurie Robertson   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--77
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--84
                  Atsushi Akera   The Circulation of Knowledge,
                                  Institutional Ecologies, and the History
                                  of Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88, 86--87

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 26, Number 4, October / December, 2004

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
               Bernadette Longo   Edmund Berkeley, Computers, and Modern
                                  Methods of Thinking  . . . . . . . . . . 4--18
             George T. Gray and   
                Ronald Q. Smith   Sperry Rand's First Generation
                                  Computers, 1955--1960: Hardware and
                                  Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--34
               B. Jack Copeland   Unfair to Aiken  . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--37
               B. Jack Copeland   Colossus: Its Origins and Originators    38--45
                 Ernest E. Keet   A Personal Recollection of Software's
                                  Early Days (1960--79), Part 1  . . . . . 46--61
               David Alan Grier   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 62--70
               Laurie Robertson   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71--73
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--78
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79--91
                      Anonymous   2004 Annual Index  . . . . . . . . . . . 92--100
               Nathan Ensmenger   Open Source's Lessons for Historians . . 104, 102--103


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 27, Number 1, January / March, 2005

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
              Shigeru Takahashi   The Rise and Fall of Plug-Compatible
                                  Mainframes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--16
                    Kurt Hensch   IBM History of Far Eastern Languages in
                                  Computing, Part 1: Requirements and
                                  Initial Phonetic Product Solutions in
                                  the 1960s  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--26
                Kurt Hensch and   
               Toshiaki Igi and   
                Masumi Iwao and   
                 Toru Takeshita   IBM History of Far Eastern Languages in
                                  Computing, Part 2: Initial Efforts for
                                  Full Kanji Solutions, Early 1970s  . . . 27--37
                Kurt Hensch and   
               Toshiaki Igi and   
                Masumi Iwao and   
                  Akira Oda and   
                 Toru Takeshita   IBM History of Far Eastern Languages in
                                  Computing, Part 3: IBM Japan Taking the
                                  Lead, Accomplishments through the 1990s  38--55
        Friedrich W. Kistermann   Hollerith Punched Card System
                                  Development (1905--1913) . . . . . . . . 56--66
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies: ADAPSO, Time-Sharing Firms,
                                  and Software Companies: 1968--1975 . . . 67--73
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 74--77
               Laurie Roberston   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--81
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--87
                   Charlie Yood   The History of Computing at the
                                  Consumption Junction . . . . . . . . . . 88, 86--87

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 27, Number 2, April / June, 2005

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
            David C. Walden and   
           Raymond S. Nickerson   Computing at Bolt Beranek and Newman:
                                  The First 40 Years, Part 1 . . . . . . . 4--5
                 Leo L. Beranek   BBN's Earliest Days: Founding a Culture
                                  of Engineering Creativity  . . . . . . . 6--14
                  John A. Swets   The ABC's of BBN: From Acoustics to
                                  Behavioral Sciences to Computers . . . . 15--29
                   Stephen Levy   History of Technology Transfer at BBN    30--38
                    Frank Heart   Leading a Top-Notch R&D Group in the BBN
                                  Environment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--51
                  Sheldon Baron   Control Systems R&D at BBN  . . . . . . . 52--64
         Richard F. Estrada and   
                Edward A. Starr   50 Years of Acoustic Signal Processing
                                  for Detection: Coping with the Digital
                                  Revolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--78
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 79--81
               Laurie Robertson   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--84
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--88
                   L. Robertson   Anecdotes [Difference Engine]  . . . . . 89--92
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies: Lawrence J. Schoenberg  . . 89--94
            Joshua M. Greenberg   Between Expert and Lay . . . . . . . . . 96, 95

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 27, Number 3, July / September, 2005

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                 Doron D. Swade   Historical Reconstructions . . . . . . . 3--3
               Mark Glusker and   
             David M. Hogan and   
                    Pamela Vass   The Ternary Calculating Machine of
                                  Thomas Fowler  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--22
                 Raul Rojas and   
               Frank Darius and   
            Cuneyt Goktekin and   
                   George Heyne   The Reconstruction of Konrad Zuse's Z3   23--32
                     Dag Spicer   The IBM 1620 Restoration Project . . . . 33--43
          Christopher P. Burton   Replicating the Manchester Baby:
                                  Motives, Methods, and Messages from the
                                  Past . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--60
                Anthony E. Sale   The Rebuilding of Colossus at Bletchley
                                  Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61--69
                 Doron D. Swade   The Construction of Charles Babbage's
                                  Difference Engine No. 2  . . . . . . . . 70--88
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 89--92
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--95
               Laurie Robertson   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96--97
             Michael R. Adamson   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98--102
          Hunter Crowther-Heyck   Mind and Network . . . . . . . . . . . . 104, 103

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 27, Number 4, October / December, 2005

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                    Hans Neukom   ERMETH: The First Swiss Computer . . . . 5--22
                  Tom Petersson   Facit and the BESK Boys: Sweden's
                                  Computer Industry (1956--1962) . . . . . 23--30
       Ernest E. (``Lee'') Keet   A Personal Recollection of Software's
                                  Early Days (1960--1979): Part 2  . . . . 31--45
                Jonathan Grudin   Three Faces of Human-Computer
                                  Interaction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46--62
       Bruce O. B. Williams and   
               Roger G. Johnson   Ready Reckoners  . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--80
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 81--85
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86--88
               Laurie Robertson   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--92
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--96
                      Anonymous   2005 Annual Index, Volume 27 . . . . . . 97--101
                    Eden Medina   Computer Memory, Collective Memory:
                                  Recovering History through Chilean
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104, 102--103


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 28, Number 1, January / March, 2006

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                Dave Walden and   
                  Ray Nickerson   Computing at Bolt Beranek and Newman:
                                  The First 40 Years, Part 2 . . . . . . . 4--5
                 Paul Castleman   Medical Application of Computers at BBN  6--16
                Wallace Feurzeg   Educational Technology at BBN  . . . . . 18--31
                   John Makhoul   Speech Processing at BBN . . . . . . . . 32--45
               Ralph Weischedel   Natural-Language Understanding at BBN    46--55
            Craig Partridge and   
              Steven Blumenthal   Data Networking at BBN . . . . . . . . . 56--71
             Richard E. Schantz   BBN's Network Computing Software
                                  Infrastructure and Distributed
                                  Applications (1970--1990)  . . . . . . . 72--88
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 89--92
              Robert L. Patrick   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--95
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96--98
             Michael R. Adamson   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--103
          Michael N. Geselowitz   A Busman's Holiday in New Jersey . . . . 104--105
               Corinna Schlombs   Toward International Computing History   108, 107

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 28, Number 2, April / June, 2006

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                    Hans Neukom   The Second Life of ENIAC . . . . . . . . 4--16
                Till Zoppke and   
              Raúl Rojas   The Virtual Life of ENIAC: Simulating
                                  the Operation of the First Electronic
                                  Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--25
               James W. Cortada   The ENIAC's Influence on Business
                                  Computing, 1940s--1950s  . . . . . . . . 26--28
                 Maurice Wilkes   What I Remember of the ENIAC . . . . . . 30--31
                Lyle R. Johnson   Coming to Grips with Univac  . . . . . . 32--42
                Simon Lavington   In the Footsteps of Colossus: a
                                  Description of Oedipus . . . . . . . . . 44--55
              Raymond E. Miller   Graduate Student Experiences at Illinois 56--62
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 63--69
    Phillip A. Laplante Jr. and   
                  Stanley Mazor   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--76
          Jonathan P. Bowen and   
                 Tim Bergin and   
        Christopher H. Sterling   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--80
                     Tim Bergin   Biographies: Carl Hammer (1914--2004)    81--86
               James W. Cortada   Looking at Technology through Industry
                                  Eyes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--88

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 28, Number 3, July / September, 2006

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
           Anne Fitzpatrick and   
            Simon Berkovich and   
               Tatiana Kazokova   MESM and the Beginning of the Computer
                                  Era in the Soviet Union  . . . . . . . . 4--16
               Hiroshi Ichikawa   Strela-1, the First Soviet Computer:
                                  Political Success and Technological
                                  Failure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--31
                Walter F. Bauer   Informatics Acquisition by Sterling
                                  Software: Unsolicited Offer, Takeover
                                  Attempt, and Merger  . . . . . . . . . . 32--40
        Christopher H. Sterling   Pioneering Risk: Lessons from the US
                                  Teletext/Videotex Failure  . . . . . . . 41--47
              Andrew L. Russell   `Rough Consensus and Running Code' and
                                  the Internet--OSI Standards War  . . . . 48--61
                  Ethan Mollick   Establishing Moore's Law . . . . . . . . 62--75
              Andrew Hodges and   
               James W. Cortada   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81--83
          Michael N. Geselowitz   Local Area Networking  . . . . . . . . . 84--85
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 86--88, 95
         Christophe Lecuyer and   
                 David C. Brock   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--95
                Paul E. Ceruzzi   The Materiality of the Internet  . . . . 96, c3

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 28, Number 4, October / December, 2006

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
            Paul E. Ceruzzi and   
                    Burton Grad   Guest Editors' Introduction: PC
                                  Software--Word Processing for Everyone   4--5
                   Thomas Haigh   Remembering the Office of the Future:
                                  The Origins of Word Processing and
                                  Office Automation  . . . . . . . . . . . 6--31
         Thomas J. (Tim) Bergin   The Origins of Word Processing Software
                                  for Personal Computers: 1976-1985  . . . 32--47
         Thomas J. (Tim) Bergin   The Proliferation and Consolidation of
                                  Word Processing Software: 1985-1995  . . 48--63
             Seymour Rubinstein   Recollections: The Rise and Fall of
                                  WordStar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--72
                       Ed Bride   The Media are the Message: 'The
                                  Influencers' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--79
                 Seymour Merrin   Selling PC Software: a Once-Irresistible
                                  Opportunity  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--86
                       Amy Wohl   How We Process Words: The Marketing of
                                  WP Software  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--91
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 92--95
                Mike Marcus and   
                 George Trimble   Taking Newspapers from Hot Lead into the
                                  Electronic Age . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96--100
                     Raul Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101--103
                      Anonymous   IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
                                  2006 Annual Index, Volume 28 . . . . . . 104--109
                    Len Shustek   What Should We Collect to Preserve the
                                  History of Software? . . . . . . . . . . 112, 110--111


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 29, Number 1, January / March, 2007

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                 Donn B. Parker   The Dark Side of Computing: SRI
                                  International and the Study of Computer
                                  Crime  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--15
              Zhang Jiuchun and   
                  Zhang Baichun   Founding of the Chinese Academy of
                                  Sciences' Institute of Computing
                                  Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--33
             Zbigniew Stachniak   Intel SIM8-01: a Proto-PC  . . . . . . . 34--48
                    Jack Minker   Forming a Computer Science Center at the
                                  University of Maryland . . . . . . . . . 49--64
                  Keith Smillie   Early Computing at the University of
                                  Alberta and the Introduction of the
                                  LGP-30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--73
             C. Stewart Gillmor   Stanford, the IBM 650, and the First
                                  Trials of Computer Date Matching . . . . 74--80
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 81--84
                Walter F. Bauer   Computer Recollections: Events, Humor,
                                  and Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--89
                 Peter Eckstein   Jack Kilby (1923--2005)  . . . . . . . . 90--95
              Raúl Rojas   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96--99
                   Tara Krueger   Mapping Cyberspace: The Image of the
                                  Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100, c3

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 29, Number 2, April / June, 2007

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
             George T. Gray and   
                Ronald Q. Smith   Against the Current: The
                                  Sperry--Burroughs Merger and the Unisys
                                  Struggle to Survive 1980--2001 . . . . . 3--17
                Susan B. Barnes   Alan Kay: Transforming the Computer into
                                  a Communication Medium . . . . . . . . . 18--30
           Henry Oinas-Kukkonen   From Bush to Engelbart: `Slowly, Some
                                  Little Bells Were Ringing' . . . . . . . 31--39
                 Gopal K. Gupta   Computer Science Curriculum Developments
                                  in the 1960s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--54
             Adele Mildred Koss   CDC, Raytheon, and Harvard University:
                                  Three Early Data Management Systems  . . 55--65
               Chigusa Kita and   
                 Dag Spicer and   
           Anne Fitzpatrick and   
                 Akihiko Yamada   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 66--69
                  Stanley Mazor   Intel 8080 CPU Chip Development  . . . . 70--73
          Raúl Rojas and   
                 Dag Spicer and   
             Rocky R. Clark and   
               Gerald Friedland   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--77
          Michael N. Geselowitz   The Oxford--Cambridge Arc  . . . . . . . 78--79
                 Peter Eckstein   William Charles (`Bill') Norris  . . . . 80--86
                   James Sumner   What Makes a PC? Thoughts on Computing
                                  Platforms, Standards, and Compatibility  88, 87

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 29, Number 3, July / September, 2007

               David Alan Grier   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
               Paul Ceruzzi and   
                    Burton Grad   Guest Editors' Introduction: PC Software
                                  --- Spreadsheets for Everyone  . . . . . 4--5
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Number Crunching without Programming:
                                  The Evolution of Spreadsheet Usability   6--19
                    Burton Grad   The Creation and the Demise of VisiCalc  20--31
                    Mitch Kapor   Recollections on Lotus 1-2-3: Benchmark
                                  for Spreadsheet Software . . . . . . . . 32--40
                 Jonathan Sachs   Recollections: Developing Lotus 1-2-3    41--48
                  Mario Aloisio   Computing at the Malta Statistics
                                  Office, 1947--1970 . . . . . . . . . . . 49--61
               Chigusa Kita and   
            Jeffrey R. Yost and   
                  Burt Grad and   
     Thomas J. (Tim) Bergin and   
                    Mike Marcus   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 62--66
                Herbert Freeman   Design of an Early Minicomputer  . . . . 68--71
                 Eric Weiss and   
           Gerald Friedland and   
              Margarita Esponda   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--75
                 David Anderson   Max Newman: Topologist, Codebreaker, and
                                  Pioneer of Computing . . . . . . . . . . 76--81
                 David Anderson   Patrick Blackett: Physicist, Radical,
                                  and Chief Architect of the Manchester
                                  Computing Phenomenon . . . . . . . . . . 82--85
               Nathan Ensmenger   Computers as Ethical Artifacts . . . . . 88, 86--87

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 29, Number 4, October / December, 2007

               David Alan Grier   The Center of History  . . . . . . . . . 2--5
                 Thomas J. Misa   Guest Editors' Introduction: New
                                  Directions in the History of Computing   6--7
                 Thomas J. Misa   Arthur Norberg, the Charles Babbage
                                  Institute, and the History of Computing  8--15
                 William Aspray   Leadership in Computing History: Arthur
                                  Norberg and the Charles Babbage
                                  Institute  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--26
               James W. Cortada   Studying the Role of IT in the Evolution
                                  of American Business Practices: a Way
                                  Forward  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--39
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   The History of the History of Software   40--51
                 Thomas J. Misa   Understanding `How Computing Has Changed
                                  the World' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52--63
                    Jack Minker   Developing a Computer Science Department
                                  at the University of Maryland  . . . . . 64--75
               Chigusa Kita and   
             David L. Ferro and   
                 Dag Spicer and   
              Kelly Rodoski and   
              Hiroyuki Seki and   
            Fred R. Shapiro and   
         Thomas J. (Tim) Bergin   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 76--81
                   Crispin Rope   ENIAC as a Stored-Program Computer: a
                                  New Look at the Old Records  . . . . . . 82--87
          Michael N. Geselowitz   A Boat Excursion into Canada's Early
                                  Computer History --- Toronto, Ottawa,
                                  and Montreal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88--89
             David Anderson and   
                    Janet Delve   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90--102
                      Anonymous   2007 Annual Index, IEEE Annals of the
                                  History of Computing, Volume 29  . . . . 103--109
                   Brent Jesiek   Pushing Boundaries in the History of
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112, 110--111


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 30, Number 1, January / March, 2008

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                 Atshushi Akera   The Life and Work of Bernard A. Galler
                                  (1928--2006) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--14
      Martin Campbell-Kelly and   
        Daniel D. Garcia-Swartz   Economic Perspectives on the History of
                                  the Computer Time-Sharing Industry,
                                  1965--1985 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--36
                      Leo Corry   Fermat Meets SWAC: Vandiver, the
                                  Lehmers, Computers, and Number Theory    38--49
             Thomas Larsson and   
                   Ulf Stenlund   Vignettes of Sweden's Computer Graphics
                                  History  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50--58
                   Denis Roegel   An Early (1844) Key-Driven Adding
                                  Machine  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--65
    Bernard Dionysius Geoghegan   Historiographic Conceptualization of
                                  Information: a Critical Survey . . . . . 66--81
               Chigusa Kita and   
             Thomas J. Misa and   
             William Aspray and   
               David Walden and   
            Robert M. Price and   
                  Eric A. Weiss   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 82--86
                   Thomas Haigh   Cleve Moler: Mathematical Software
                                  Pioneer and Creator of Matlab  . . . . . 87--91
                  Stanley Mazor   Fairchild Symbol Computer  . . . . . . . 92--95
                Rebecca Slayton   Revolution and Resistance: Rethinking
                                  Power in Computing History . . . . . . . 96, c3

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 30, Number 2, April / June, 2008

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                Craig Partridge   The Technical Development of Internet
                                  Email  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--29
              Jack Dongarra and   
              Gene H. Golub and   
                Eric Grosse and   
                Cleve Moler and   
                    Keith Moore   Netlib and NA-Net: Building a Scientific
                                  Computing Community  . . . . . . . . . . 30--41
                   Hunter Heyck   Defining the Computer: Herbert Simon and
                                  the Bureaucratic Mind--Part 1  . . . . . 42--51
                   Hunter Heyck   Defining the Computer: Herbert Simon and
                                  the Bureaucratic Mind--Part 2  . . . . . 52--63
               Chigusa Kita and   
               Thomas Haigh and   
                 Dag Spicer and   
             Akihiko Yamada and   
                 Thomas J. Misa   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 64--67
                      John Page   The Engineer's Tale: The Founding of
                                  Software Publishing Corporation  . . . . 68--70
          Michael N. Geselowitz   From Alcoa to Anacom--Pittsburgh . . . . 72--73
              Jack Dongarra and   
                   Thomas Haigh   Biographies  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--81
                  Kevin L. Borg   Following Digital Ripples  . . . . . . . 84, 82

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 30, Number 3, July / September, 2008

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
   Laszlo Böszörmenyi   Guest Editor's Introduction: History of
                                  Informatics  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--7
             Michael S. Mahoney   What Makes the History of Software Hard  8--18
           Horst Oberquelle and   
                 Oskar Beckmann   Beckmann's Studio Computers Specified
                                  for Early Computer Art . . . . . . . . . 20--31
                  Niklaus Wirth   A Brief History of Software Engineering  32--39
              Joseph Weizenbaum   Social and Political Impact of the
                                  Long-Term History of Computing . . . . . 40--42
           Roland T. Mittermeir   A Seminar Looking for Traces of History  44--54
        Peter K. Antonitsch and   
        Robert Kleinhagauer and   
                  Peter Micheuz   Incorporating History in Secondary
                                  Education Informatics Courses  . . . . . 56--63
               Bernadette Longo   Mathematics, Computer Development, and
                                  Science Policy Debates after World War
                                  II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--72
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 74--77
                    Chuck Runge   The Genesis of the Tenet 210: An Early
                                  Time-Sharing System  . . . . . . . . . . 78--81
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--83
              Hyungsub Choi and   
                   Chigusa Kita   Hiroshi Wada: Pioneering Electronics and
                                  Computer Technologies in Postwar Japan   84--89

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 30, Number 4, October / December, 2008

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
               James W. Cortada   Patterns and Practices in How
                                  Information Technology Spread around the
                                  World  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--25
                    Eden Medina   Big Blue in the Bottomless Pit: The
                                  Early Years of IBM Chile . . . . . . . . 26--41
               Corinna Schlombs   Engineering International Expansion: IBM
                                  and Remington Rand in European Computer
                                  Markets  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42--58
                  Timo Leimbach   The SAP Story: Evolution of SAP within
                                  the German Software Industry . . . . . . 60--76
                     Petri Paju   National Projects and International
                                  Users: Finland and Early European
                                  Computerization  . . . . . . . . . . . . 77--91
                    Janet Delve   A Trip down Memory Lane? New Challenges
                                  from Other Disciplines . . . . . . . . . 90--92
                   Chigusa Kita   The LINC computer at 45  . . . . . . . . 92--97
                 Julian Reitman   The Origin of the Winter Simulation
                                  Conferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98--102
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104--105
                    Marie Hicks   Repurposing Turing's `Human Brake' . . . 108--108


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 31, Number 1, January / March, 2009

                      Anonymous   Annual Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0--0
                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                      Anonymous   Editorial Board  . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--3
            S. T. Nandasara and   
                 Yoshiki Mikami   Asian Language Processing: History and
                                  Perspectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--7
             R. Mahesh K. Sinha   A Journey from Indian Scripts Processing
                                  to Indian Language Processing  . . . . . 8--31
                S. T. Nandasara   From the Past to the Present: Evolution
                                  of Computing in the Sinhala Language . . 32--45
Hugh Thaweesak Koanantakool and   
  Theppitak Karoonboonyanan and   
             Chai Wutiwiwatchai   Computers and the Thai Language  . . . . 46--61
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 62--67
              John M. McQuillan   The Birth of Link-State Routing  . . . . 68--71
                   Hunter Heyck   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--73
          Michael N. Geselowitz   Fuhgedaboudit --- Technology in the
                                  Outer Boroughs of New York . . . . . . . 74--75
         Thomas J. (Tim) Bergin   Jean Sammet: Programming Language
                                  Contributor and Historian, and ACM
                                  President  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--85

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 31, Number 2, April / June, 2009

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
             Michel Bastian and   
              Marc Boisseau and   
            Robert Cohendet and   
             Alain Croisier and   
              Claude Galand and   
              Etienne Gorog and   
         Philippe Hernandez and   
             Michel Humbert and   
              Cuong Ngo Mai and   
             Pierre Secondo and   
                Robert F. Steen   IBM France La Gaude Laboratory
                                  Contributions to Telecommunications:
                                  Part 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--17
             Michel Bastian and   
              Marc Boisseau and   
            Robert Cohendet and   
             Alain Croisier and   
              Claude Galand and   
              Etienne Gorog and   
         Philippe Hernandez and   
             Michel Humbert and   
              Cuong Ngo Mai and   
             Pierre Secondo and   
                Robert F. Steen   IBM France La Gaude Laboratory
                                  Contributions to Telecommunications:
                                  Part 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--30
                    Hans Neukom   Ubisco and CDC: Analysis of a Failure    31--43
             George T. Gray and   
                Ronald Q. Smith   After the B5000: Burroughs
                                  Third-Generation Computers 1964--1980    44--55
                    Jos Peeters   Early MRP Systems at Royal Philips
                                  Electronics in the 1960s and 1970s . . . 56--69
                   Denis Roegel   Anecdotes: Prototype Fragments from
                                  Babbage's First Difference Engine  . . . 70--75
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 76--79
                    Greg Downey   Reviews: a Complex History of the
                                  Commercial Internet  . . . . . . . . . . 80--81
              David P. Anderson   Biographies: Tom Kilburn: a Pioneer of
                                  Computer Design  . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--86
               James W. Cortada   Think Piece: Preserving Records of the
                                  Past, Today  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87--89
               Nathan Ensmenger   Software as History Embodied . . . . . . 88--91

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 31, Number 3, July / September, 2009

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                      Anonymous   Editorial: Editorial Board . . . . . . . 3--3
                      Anonymous   Guest Editor's Introduction:
                                  Perspectives on the History of Computer
                                  Games  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--4
                   Henry Lowood   Videogames in Computer Space: The
                                  Complex History of Pong  . . . . . . . . 5--19
           Petri Saarikoski and   
                Jaakko Suominen   Computer Hobbyists and the Gaming
                                  Industry in Finland  . . . . . . . . . . 20--33
              Nick Montfort and   
                     Ian Bogost   Random and Raster: Display Technologies
                                  and the Development of Videogames  . . . 34--43
          Anker Helms Jorgensen   Context and Driving Forces in the
                                  Development of the Early Computer Game
                                  Nimbi  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--53
                Casey O'Donnell   Production Protection to Copy(right)
                                  Protection: From the 10NES to DVDs . . . 54--63
              Stanley Mazor and   
                   Peter Salmon   Departments: Anecdotes: Magnavox and
                                  Intel: An Odyssey  . . . . . . . . . . . 64--67
             Armand Van Dormael   Biographies: Herbert F. Mataré  . . . . . 68--73
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--76
             Michael Geselowitz   Local Area Networks: High (Plains) Tech  77--77
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 78--82
                   John Laprise   Think Piece: The Purloined Mainframe:
                                  Hiding the History of Computing in Plain
                                  Sight  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--84

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 31, Number 4, October / December, 2009

                      Anonymous   Annual Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0--0
                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                Burton Grad and   
               Thomas J. Bergin   Guest Editors' Introduction: History of
                                  Database Management Systems  . . . . . . 3--5
                   Thomas Haigh   How Data Got its Base: Information
                                  Storage Software in the 1950s and 1960s  6--25
           Thomas J. Bergin and   
                   Thomas Haigh   The Commercialization of Database
                                  Management Systems, 1969--1983 . . . . . 26--41
             Charles W. Bachman   The Origin of the Integrated Data Store
                                  (IDS): The First Direct-Access DBMS  . . 42--54
           Thomas M. (Tom) Nies   Cincom Systems' Total  . . . . . . . . . 55--61
              Robert L. Patrick   IMS @ Conception . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--65
               William C. McGee   The Information Management System (IMS)
                                  Program Product  . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--75
               Robert L. Brueck   System 2000: The MRI Systems Corporation 76--86
                  Orrin Stevens   The History of Datacom/DB  . . . . . . . 87--91
            John Norris Maguire   Adabas: Software AG of North America . . 92--99
            Judith M. Kruntorad   History of the CA IDMS Database
                                  Management System  . . . . . . . . . . . 100--106
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 107--109
                     Dan Murphy   The Beginnings of TECO . . . . . . . . . 110--115
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116--117
              Scott M. Campbell   On the Absence of Obsolescence . . . . . 118--120


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 32, Number 1, January / March, 2010

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
       Frederick P. Brooks, Jr.   Stretch-ing Is Great Exercise --- It
                                  Gets You in Shape to Win . . . . . . . . 4--9
                   Janet Abbate   Privatizing the Internet: Competing
                                  Visions and Chaotic Events, 1987--1995   10--22
                 Arthe Van Laer   Developing an EC Computer Policy,
                                  1965--1974 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16--17
                   Martyn Clark   State Support for the Expansion of UK
                                  University Computing in the 1950s  . . . 23--33
                   Silvio Henin   Two Early Italian Key-Driven Calculators 34--43
                  David A. Laws   A Company of Legend: The Legacy of
                                  Fairchild Semiconductor  . . . . . . . . 60--74
                  Stanley Mazor   Intel's 8086 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75--79
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 80--81
         Pierre-E. Mounier-Kuhn   Jean Carteron  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--89
                  Honghong Tinn   Cold War Politics: Taiwanese Computing
                                  in the 1950s and 1960s . . . . . . . . . 92--95

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 32, Number 2, April / June, 2010

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                 Gerard Alberts   Appropriating America: Americanization
                                  in the History of European Computing . . 4--7
                   Thomas Haigh   Computing the American Way:
                                  Contextualizing the Early US Computer
                                  Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--20
                 Helena Durnova   Sovietization of Czechoslovakian
                                  Computing: The Rise and Fall of the SAPO
                                  Project  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21--31
                    Simon Donig   Appropriating American Technology in the
                                  1960s: Cold War Politics and the GDR
                                  Computer Industry  . . . . . . . . . . . 32--45
             Ksenia Tatarchenko   Cold War Origins of the International
                                  Federation for Information Processing    46--57
                    David Nofre   Unraveling Algol: US, Europe, and the
                                  Creation of a Programming Language . . . 58--68
             Michael Geselowitz   Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--69
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--71
             Armand Van Dormael   Heinrich Welker  . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--79
                      Anonymous   Anecdotes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--83
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 84--86
           Christopher McDonald   Technology in the Political Landscape    87--88

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 32, Number 3, July / September, 2010

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
            Hans Rudiger Wiehle   External Characteristics of Computer
                                  Operations: Toward Large Conversational
                                  Time-Sharing Systems . . . . . . . . . . 4--19
                Eike Jessen and   
              Dieter Michel and   
       Hans-Juergen Siegert and   
                    Heinz Voigt   The AEG-Telefunken TR 440 Computer:
                                  Company and Large-Scale Computer
                                  Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--29
                Eike Jessen and   
              Dieter Michel and   
                    Heinz Voigt   Structure, Technology, and Development
                                  of the AEG-Telefunken TR 440 Computer    30--39
           Hans-Juergen Siegert   The German TR 440 Computer: Software and
                                  Its Development  . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--73
                  Warren Toomey   First Edition Unix: Its Creation and
                                  Restoration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--82
              Elizabeth Feinler   The Network Information Center and its
                                  Archives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--89
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 90--93
                 Jonathan Aylen   Promoting the Prosaic: The Case for
                                  Process-Control Computers  . . . . . . . 94--96

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 32, Number 4, October / December, 2010

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--4
                    Marie Hicks   Only the Clothes Changed: Women
                                  Operators in British Computing and
                                  Advertising, 1950--1970  . . . . . . . . 5--17
                 David A. Grier   The Inconsistent Youth of Charles
                                  Babbage  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--31
           Christopher McDonald   From Art Form to Engineering Discipline?
                                  A History of US Military Software
                                  Development Standards, 1974--1998  . . . 32--47
             Zbigniew Stachniak   The MIL MF7114 Microprocessor  . . . . . 48--59
        Daniel Ortiz-Arroyo and   
Francisco Rodriguez-Henriquez and   
        Carlos A. Coello Coello   The Turing-850 Project: Developing a
                                  Personal Computer in the Early 1980s in
                                  Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60--71
                   Thomas Haigh   John R. Rice: Mathematical Software
                                  Pioneer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--81
                  Randy H. Katz   RAID: a Personal Recollection of How
                                  Storage Became a System  . . . . . . . . 82--87
             Michael Geselowitz   Long Island, New York  . . . . . . . . . 88--89
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 90--93
                 Jonathan Aylen   A Question of Scale: Networks, Systems,
                                  and Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94--96


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 33, Number 1, January / March, 2011

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
               B. Jack Copeland   The Manchester Computer: a Revised
                                  History Part 1: The Memory . . . . . . . 4--21
               B. Jack Copeland   The Manchester Computer: a Revised
                                  History Part 2: The Baby Computer  . . . 22--37
                   John Laprise   Kissinger's Computer: National Security
                                  Council Computerization, 1969--1972  . . 38--51
                  Frank Veraart   Losing Meanings: Computer Games in Dutch
                                  Domestic Use, 1975--2000 . . . . . . . . 52--65
             Alexander McKenzie   INWG and the Conception of the Internet:
                                  An Eyewitness Account  . . . . . . . . . 66--71
                  Keith Smillie   Donald McIntyre: Geologist, Historian,
                                  and Array Language Advocate, 1923--2009  72--77
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 78--82
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83--85
               David Alan Grier   Programming and Planning . . . . . . . . 86--88

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 33, Number 2, April / June, 2011

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
             William Aspray and   
                Jeffrey R. Yost   New Voices, New Topics . . . . . . . . . 4--8
             Joseph A. November   Early Biomedical Computing and the Roots
                                  of Evidence-Based Medicine . . . . . . . 9--23
                     Mara Mills   Hearing Aids and the History of
                                  Electronics Miniaturization  . . . . . . 24--45
               Cristina Turdean   Casinos and the Digitization of the Slot
                                  Machine, 1950--1989  . . . . . . . . . . 46--59
              Patricia Galloway   Personal Computers, Microhistory, and
                                  Shared Authority: Documenting the
                                  Inventor--Early Adopter Dialectic  . . . 60--74
                  Honghong Tinn   From DIY Computers to Illegal Copies:
                                  The Controversy over Tinkering with
                                  Microcomputers in Taiwan, 1980--1984 . . 75--88
                Gordon Bell and   
            Daniel P. Siewiorek   The Book \em Computer Structures:
                                  Thoughts After 40 Years  . . . . . . . . 89--95
             Kristen J. Nyitray   William Alfred Higinbotham: Scientist,
                                  Activist, and Computer Game Pioneer  . . 96--101
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102--104
             Michael Geselowitz   Greece . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105--105
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 106--110
                   George Royer   Familiar Concepts, Unfamiliar Territory  112, 111

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 33, Number 3, July / September, 2011

                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
             Stephen J. Lukasik   Why the Arpanet Was Built  . . . . . . . 4--21
                     Lars Heide   Scale and Scope in American Key-Set
                                  Office Machine Dynamics, 1880s--1930s    22--31
        Bernardo Batiz-Lazo and   
              Robert J. K. Reid   The Development of Cash-Dispensing
                                  Technology in the UK . . . . . . . . . . 32--45
         Jonathan G. Koomey and   
             Stephen Berard and   
              Marla Sanchez and   
                     Henry Wong   Implications of Historical Trends in the
                                  Electrical Efficiency of Computing . . . 46--54
            Christian Sandstrom   Hasselblad and the Shift to Digital
                                  Imaging  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--66
                   David Walden   Interview: Willis H. Ware  . . . . . . . 67--73
       Elizabeth (Jake) Feinler   Host Tables, Top-Level Domain Names, and
                                  the Origin of Dot Com  . . . . . . . . . 74--79
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--81
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 82--85
            Gustav Sjöblom   Control in the History of Computing:
                                  Making an Ambiguous Concept Useful . . . 88, 86--87

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 33, Number 4, October / December, 2011

                      Anonymous   Annual Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0--0
                Jeffrey R. Yost   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--4
                Ronald R. Kline   Cybernetics, Automata Studies, and the
                                  Dartmouth Conference on Artificial
                                  Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--16
                 Philipp Aumann   The Distinctiveness of a Unifying
                                  Science: Cybernetics' Way to West
                                  Germany  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--27
                   Yasushi Sato   An Inconspicuous Giant: NTT's Role in
                                  the Development of Software Engineering
                                  in Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--37
              Alena Solcova and   
                  Michal Krizek   Vladimir Vand (1911--1968): Pioneer of
                                  Computational Methods in Crystallography 38--44
            Mikko Valorinta and   
                Tomi Nokelainen   Introduction and Early Use of Computers
                                  in the Finnish Retail Industry . . . . . 45--55
                 Julian Feldman   Computers and Thought --- The Back Story 56--61
                      Anonymous   Ward Cunningham  . . . . . . . . . . . . 62--67
             Michael Geselowitz   Vancouver  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--69
                   Thomas Haigh   Charles W. Bachman: Database Software
                                  Pioneer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--80
                      Anonymous   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81--83
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 84--85
               David Alan Grier   From Computer Celebrities to Historical
                                  Biography  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88, 86--87


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 34, Number 1, January / March, 2012

                     Lars Hiede   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                  Tom Van Vleck   Electronic Mail and Text Messaging in
                                  CTSS, 1965--1973 . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--6
             David C. Brock and   
                  David A. Laws   The Early History of Microcircuitry: An
                                  Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--19
              David A. Laws and   
                Michael Riordan   Making Micrologic: The Development of
                                  the Planar IC at Fairchild
                                  Semiconductor, 1957--1963  . . . . . . . 20--36
                 Charles Phipps   The Early History of ICs at Texas
                                  Instruments: a Personal View . . . . . . 37--47
              Hyungsub Choi and   
                  Takushi Otani   Failure to Launch: Tarui Yasuo, the
                                  Quadrupole Transistor, and the Meanings
                                  of the IC in Postwar Japan . . . . . . . 48--59
          Richard W. Ahrons and   
                     David Laws   Industrial Research in Microcircuitry at
                                  RCA: The Early Years, 1953--1963 . . . . 60--73
              Edgar A. Sack and   
                  David A. Laws   Westinghouse: Microcircuit Pioneer from
                                  Molecular Electronics to ICs . . . . . . 74--82
                      Anonymous   Interview: Fernando Corbató . . . . . . . 83--87
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 88--91
             Ramesh Subramanian   Murray Turoff: Father of Computer
                                  Conferencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92--98
                         Annals   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99--101
             Andrew Meade McGee   Stating the Field: Institutions and
                                  Outcomes in Computer History . . . . . . 104, 102--103

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 34, Number 2, April / June, 2012

                     Lars Hiede   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                     Ian Martin   Too Far Ahead of Its Time: Barclays,
                                  Burroughs, and Real-Time Banking . . . . 5--19
        Bernardo Batiz-Lazo and   
                   Thomas Haigh   Engineering Change: The Appropriation of
                                  Computer Technology at Grupo ICA in
                                  Mexico (1965--1971)  . . . . . . . . . . 20--33
               James W. Cortada   Information Technologies in the German
                                  Democratic Republic (GDR), 1949--1989    34--48
               Silvio Henin and   
             Massimo Temporelli   An Original Italian Dial Adder
                                  Rediscovered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--59
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 60--69
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70--72
             Michael Geselowitz   Indianapolis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
                   Denis Roegel   The LOCOMAT Project: Recomputing
                                  Mathematical and Astronomical Tables . . 74--79
                      Anonymous   Albert Vezza [interview] . . . . . . . . 80--85
               Gerardo Con Diaz   Ownership and the History of American
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88, 86--87

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 34, Number 3, July / September, 2012

                     Lars Heide   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                    Edward Hunt   US Government Computer Penetration
                                  Programs and the Implications for
                                  Cyberwar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--21
               Juan Alvarez and   
              Claudio Gutierrez   History of Computing in Chile,
                                  1961--1982: Early Years, Consolidation,
                                  and Expansion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22--33
      Dragan R. Milivojevic and   
            Marijana Pavlov and   
        Vladimir Despotovic and   
                     Visa Tasic   Half a Century of Computing in the
                                  Serbian Copper Mining and Metallurgy
                                  Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--43
             Brian J. Shelburne   The ENIAC's 1949 Determination of $\pi$  44--54
           Dejan Ristanovic and   
                  Jelica Protic   Once Upon a Pocket: Programmable
                                  Calculators from the Late 1970s and
                                  Early 1980s and the Social Networks
                                  Around Them  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--66
                Sean Lawson and   
                       Jon Agar   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--69
             Akihiko Yamada and   
                     Dag Spicer   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 70--73
                  Keith Smillie   An Early Statistical Calculation . . . . 74--76
              Andrew L. Russell   Standards, Networks, and Critique  . . . 80

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 34, Number 4, October / December, 2012

                     Lars Heide   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
            Anthony Pennino and   
              Francesca Musiani   Reviews [review of ``Prometheus (motion
                                  picture)'', Scott, R., Director; 2012
                                  and ``The Networked France, Vol. 1: The
                                  Meeting of Telecommunications and
                                  Computing'' (Schafer, V.; 2012)] . . . . 4--6
                    Burton Grad   Relational Database Management Systems:
                                  The Formative Years [Guest editor's
                                  introduction]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7--8
               David Alan Grier   The Relational Database and the Concept
                                  of the Information System  . . . . . . . 9--17
          Martin Campbell-Kelly   The RDBMS Industry: A Northern
                                  California Perspective . . . . . . . . . 18--29
                    Hugh Darwen   The Relational Model: Beginning of an
                                  Era  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--37
           Bradford W. Wade and   
           Donald D. Chamberlin   IBM Relational Database Systems: The
                                  Early Years  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38--48
               Bradford W. Wade   Compiling SQL into System/370 Machine
                                  Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49--50
                  Robert Preger   The Oracle Story, Part 1: 1977--1986 . . 51--57
               Lawrence A. Rowe   History of the Ingres Corporation  . . . 58--70
             Michael Geselowitz   Stockholm, Sweden  . . . . . . . . . . . 71
                   David Walden   Peter J. Denning . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--77
           Donald D. Chamberlin   Early History of SQL . . . . . . . . . . 78--82
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings [Obituary of
                                  Lawrence A. Welke] . . . . . . . . . . . 83--85
                Burton Grad and   
                 Luanne Johnson   Collecting the History of the Software
                                  Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 35, Number 1, January / March, 2013

                     Lars Heide   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews [Four books reviewed]  . . . . . 4--10
                 Scott Campbell   `Wat For Ever' Student-Oriented
                                  Computing at the University of Waterloo  11--22
           Arne Martin Fevolden   The Best of Both Worlds? A History of
                                  Time-Shared Microcomputers, 1977--1983   23--34
                 Arthur Tatnall   The Australian Educational Computer That
                                  Never Was  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35--47
                 Jay W. Lathrop   The Diamond Ordnance Fuze Laboratory's
                                  Photolithographic Approach to
                                  Microcircuits  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--55
                     Mike Green   Dummer's Vision of Solid Circuits at the
                                  UK Royal Radar Establishment . . . . . . 56--66
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 67--71
                      Anonymous   Rolf Skår . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--77
             Ramesh Subramanian   Starr Roxanne Hiltz: Pioneer Digital
                                  Sociologist  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--85
                    Marie Hicks   De-Brogramming the History of Computing  88

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 35, Number 2, April / June, 2013

                     Lars Heide   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                Jeffrey R. Yost   Computer Industry Pioneer: Erwin Tomash
                                  (1921--2012) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--7
                    Burton Grad   Relational Database Management Systems:
                                  The Business Explosion [Guest Editor's
                                  introduction]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--9
              Andrew Mendelsohn   The Oracle Story: 1984--2001 . . . . . . 10--23
                   Rick Bennett   Oracle Marketing: Killer Ads . . . . . . 24--30
                    Bob Epstein   History of Sybase  . . . . . . . . . . . 31--41
                    Roger Sippl   Informix: Information Management on Unix 42--53
          Donald J. Haderle and   
             Cynthia M. Saracco   The History and Growth of IBM's DB2  . . 54--66
                   Marilyn Bohl   Product Managing DB2's Early Development 67--68
             Hershel Harris and   
                     Bert Nicol   SQL/DS: IBM's First RDBMS  . . . . . . . 69--71
              Donald R. Deutsch   The SQL Standard: How it Happened  . . . 72--75
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 76--81
                 Andrew Russell   Biomedical Computing: Digitizing Life in
                                  the United States (November, J.; 2012)
                                  [Reviews]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82--84
                 Stephanie Dick   Machines Who Write [Think Piece] . . . . 88

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 35, Number 3, July / September, 2013

                     Lars Heide   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                Brent K. Jesiek   The Origins and Early History of
                                  Computer Engineering in the United
                                  States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--18
            Christian Sandstrom   Facit and the Displacement of Mechanical
                                  Calculators  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--31
             Federico Gobbo and   
                   Marco Benini   From Ancient to Modern Computing: A
                                  History of Information Hiding  . . . . . 33--39
                  David Hartley   CPL: Failed Venture or Noble Ancestor?   55--63
              Dennis J. Frailey   Computer-Generated Doctoral
                                  Dissertations: An Early Experience . . . 65--66
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews [``The future Was here: The
                                  Commodore Amiga'' (Maher, J.; 2012) and
                                  ``Recoding Gender: Women's Changing
                                  Participation in Computing'' (Abbate,
                                  J.; 2012)] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--70
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 72--76
               Nathan Ensmenger   Computation, Materiality, and the Global
                                  Environment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 35, Number 4, oct # / December, 2013

                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1--c1
                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . c2--c2
                     Lars Heide   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                      Anonymous   [Masthead] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
                Jeffrey R. Yost   Appropriation and Independence: BTM,
                                  Burroughs, and IBM at the Advent of the
                                  Computer Industry  . . . . . . . . . . . 5--17
                  Albert Endres   Early Language and Compiler Developments
                                  at IBM Europe: A Personal Retrospection  18--30
                      Anonymous   myComputer [advertisement] . . . . . . . 31
               James W. Cortada   ``Carrying a Bag'': Memoirs of an IBM
                                  Salesman, 1974--1981 . . . . . . . . . . 32--47
             Zbigniew Stachniak   This Is Not a Computer: Negotiating the
                                  Microprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--54
                      Anonymous   Membership [advertisement] . . . . . . . 55
                  Patryk Wasiak   Computer Dealer Demos: Selling Home
                                  Computers with Bouncing Balls and
                                  Animated Logos . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--68
                  Robert Braden   Burroughs Algol at Stanford University,
                                  1960--1963 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--73
               David Alan Grier   Interview: Edward Feigenbaum . . . . . . 74--81
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 82--85
             Andrew Russell and   
       Jonathan Coopersmith and   
         Anthony P. Pennino and   
          Giuditta Parolini and   
                 Benjamin Gross   Reviews: Michael Sean Mahoney,
                                  \booktitleHistories of Computing, ed.
                                  and introduction by Thomas Haigh,
                                  Harvard University Press, 2011, 250 pp.;
                                  \booktitleElysium, directed by Neill
                                  Blomkamp and produced by TriStar
                                  Pictures, 2013; Paul E. Ceruzzi,
                                  \booktitleComputing: A Concise History,
                                  MIT Press, 2012, 199 pp.; James W.
                                  Cortada, \booktitleThe Digital Flood:
                                  The Diffusion of Information Technology
                                  Across the U.S., Europe, and Asia,
                                  Oxford University Press, 2012, 789 pp.   86--89
                      Anonymous   2013 Annual Author and Subject Index . . 90--93
                 William Aspray   Computers, Information, and Everyday
                                  Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
                      Anonymous   Computing Now House Advertisement  . . . c3--c3
                      Anonymous   Digital Magazines [House Advertisement]  c4--c4


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 36, Number 1, 2014

                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . c2--c2
                     Lars Heide   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
               Thomas Haigh and   
             Mark Priestley and   
                   Crispin Rope   Reconsidering the Stored-Program Concept 4--17
               Jordi Fornes and   
                  Nestor Herran   Computing in Transition: The Origins of
                                  Barcelona's School of Informatics,
                                  1976--1984 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18--29
              Nicholas Rawlings   The History of NOMAD: A Fourth
                                  Generation Language  . . . . . . . . . . 30--38
             Zbigniew Stachniak   Early Commercial Electronic Distribution
                                  of Software  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39--51
             David Hemmendinger   Messaging in the Early SDC Time-Sharing
                                  System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52--57
               David Alan Grier   Steve Furber [Interviews]  . . . . . . . 58--68
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews [5 books reviewed] . . . . . . . 69--73
               James W. Cortada   War Stories of an IBM Salesman,
                                  1974--1981 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74--78
              Robert L. Patrick   Times Have Changed . . . . . . . . . . . 79--81
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 82--84
              Evan Hepler-Smith   Simple Problems  . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   Membership Matters [Advertisement] . . . c3--c3
                      Anonymous   Rock Stars of Mobile Cloud
                                  [Advertisement]  . . . . . . . . . . . . c4--c4

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 36, Number 2, 2014

                      Anonymous   [Front cover]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1--c1
                     Lars Heide   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                   Kevin Gotkin   When Computers Were Amateur  . . . . . . 4--14
           Petri Saarikoski and   
                Markku Reunanen   Great Northern Machine Wars: Rivalry
                                  Between User Groups in Finland . . . . . 16--26
               David Walden and   
          ``IMP Software Guys''   The Arpanet IMP Program: Retrospective
                                  and Resurrection . . . . . . . . . . . . 28--39
               Thomas Haigh and   
             Mark Priestley and   
                   Crispin Rope   Engineering ``The Miracle of the
                                  ENIAC'': Implementing the Modern Code
                                  Paradigm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--59
         Brian E. Carpenter and   
                Robert W. Doran   John Womersley: Applied Mathematician
                                  and Pioneer of Modern Computing  . . . . 60--70
          William J. Turkel and   
           Shezan Muhammedi and   
                Mary Beth Start   Grounding Digital History in the History
                                  of Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--75
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 77--78
                J. Noel Chiappa   Early Token Ring Work at MIT . . . . . . 80--85
                     Joy Rankin   Toward a History of Social Computing:
                                  Children, Classrooms, Campuses, and
                                  Communities  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 36, Number 3, July, 2014

                      Anonymous   Front cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1--c1
                      Anonymous   Table of contents  . . . . . . . . . . . c2--c2
               David Walden and   
               Nathan Ensmenger   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                D. Hemmendinger   COMIC: An Analog Computer in the
                                  Colorant Industry  . . . . . . . . . . . 4--18
                 R. Subramanian   Technology Policy and National Identity:
                                  The Microcomputer Comes to India . . . . 19--29
                E. Perez Molina   The Technological Roots of Computer
                                  Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--41
                   T. Haigh and   
               M. Priestley and   
                        C. Rope   Los Alamos Bets on ENIAC: Nuclear Monte
                                  Carlo Simulations, 1947--1948  . . . . . 42--63
                     Dag Spicer   [Interview:] Deborah Estrin  . . . . . . 64--69
                      W. Aspray   Michael Sean Mahoney (1939--2008)  . . . 70--79
                   T. J. Bergin   What Is a Computer? An Answer from the
                                  Past . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--84
                        C. Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 85--89
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews [3 books reviewed] . . . . . . . 90--93
                  P. E. Ceruzzi   Are Historians Failing to Tell the Real
                                  Story about the History of Computing?    94--95
              M. Campbell-Kelly   Knuth and the Spectrum of History  . . . 96--96
                      Anonymous   Rock Stars of Cybersecurity
                                  [Advertisement]  . . . . . . . . . . . . c3--c3
                      Anonymous   Seeking Editor in Chief  . . . . . . . . c4--c4

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 36, Number 4, October / December, 2014

                 Gerard Alberts   Algol Culture and Programming Styles
                                  [Guest editor's introduction]  . . . . . 2--5
                P. Mounier-Kuhn   Algol in France: From Universal Project
                                  to Embedded Culture  . . . . . . . . . . 6--25
                     H. Durnova   Embracing the Algol Effort in
                                  Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26--37
                     G. Paulsen   When Switches Became Programs:
                                  Programming Languages and
                                  Telecommunications, 1965--1980 . . . . . 38--50
                 G. Alberts and   
                 E. G. Daylight   Universality versus Locality: The
                                  Amsterdam Style of Algol Implementation  52--63
                     S. Payette   Hopper and Dijkstra: Crisis, Revolution,
                                  and the Future of Programming  . . . . . 64--73
                  P. S. Collopy   Video Synthesizers: From Analog
                                  Computing to Digital Art . . . . . . . . 74--86
                      Anonymous   Reviews [3 books reviewed] . . . . . . . 87--91
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 92--96
                    B. Lewendal   My Corner of the Time-Sharing Innovation
                                  World  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97--101
                 H. Durnova and   
                     G. Alberts   Think Piece: Was Algol 60 the First
                                  Algorithmic Language?  . . . . . . . . . 104, 102--103
                      Anonymous   IEEE was Here [advertisement]  . . . . . c3--c3
                      Anonymous   Take the CS Library wherever you go!
                                  [Advertisement]  . . . . . . . . . . . . c4--c4


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 37, Number 1, January / March, 2015

               Nathan Ensmenger   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--2
                      Anonymous   Editorial Board House Advertisement  . . 3--3
                     Dag Spicer   Gordon Bell  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4--11
                   Z. Stachniak   Red Clones: The Soviet Computer Hobby
                                  Movement of the 1980s  . . . . . . . . . 12--23
                   V. Rajaraman   History of Computing in India:
                                  1955--2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24--35
          Peggy Aldrich Kidwell   Useful Instruction for Practical People:
                                  Early Printed Discussions of the Slide
                                  Rule in the US . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36--43
             Bradley Fidler and   
                  Morgan Currie   The Production and Interpretation of
                                  ARPANET Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44--55
                  J. W. Cortada   ``There Is No Saturation Point in
                                  Education'': Inside IBM's Sales School,
                                  1970s--1980s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--66
                J. Copeland and   
                    A. A. Haeff   Andrew V. Haeff: Enigma of the Tube Era
                                  and Forgotten Computing Pioneer  . . . . 67--74
                     Dan Murphy   TENEX and TOPS-20  . . . . . . . . . . . 75--82
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 83--86
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews [4 books reviewed] . . . . . . . 87--92
                       M. Alper   Augmentative, Alternative, and
                                  Assistive: Reimagining the History of
                                  Mobile Computing and Disability  . . . . 96--96
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers House Advertisement  . . c3--c3
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1--c1
                      Anonymous   Startup Rock Stars House Advertisement   c4--c4
                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . c2--c2

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 37, Number 2, April / June, 2015

                 William Aspray   Information Society, Domains, and
                                  Culture  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2--4
                      Anonymous   Editorial Board  . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--5
                Jeffrey R. Yost   Computer Security [Guest Editors'
                                  introduction]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--7
                 Michael Warner   Notes on the Evolution of Computer
                                  Security Policy in the US Government,
                                  1965--2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--18
               Steven B. Lipner   The Birth and Death of the Orange Book   19--31
                Rebecca Slayton   Measuring Risk: Computer Security
                                  Metrics, Automation, and Learning  . . . 32--45
                Jeffrey R. Yost   The Origin and Early History of the
                                  Computer Security Software Products
                                  Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46--58
                    Dongoh Park   Social Life of PKI: Sociotechnical
                                  Development of Korean Public-Key
                                  Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--71
                 Laura DeNardis   The Internet Design Tension between
                                  Surveillance and Security  . . . . . . . 72--83
               James W. Cortada   ``Doing History'' in the Olden Days,
                                  1970s--1990s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84--88
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews [2 book reviews; 2 film reviews] 89--93
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 94--96
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1--c1
                      Anonymous   Focus on Your Job Search House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c4--c4
                      Anonymous   Rock Stars of Cybersecurity House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c3--c3
                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . c2--c2

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 37, Number 3, July / September, 2015

               Nathan Ensmenger   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2--3
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 4--7
               Gerardo Con Diaz   Embodied Software: Patents and the
                                  History of Software Development,
                                  1946--1970 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--19
               James W. Cortada   Studying History as it Unfolds, Part 1:
                                  Creating the History of Information
                                  Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20--31
                     Julie Cohn   Transitions from Analog to Digital
                                  Computing in Electric Power Systems  . . 32--43
               Maarten Bullynck   Computing Primes (1929--1949):
                                  Transformations in the Early Days of
                                  Digital Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . 44--54
                      Anonymous   2016 Richard E. Merwin Distinguished
                                  Service Award House Advertisement  . . . 55--55
                  Brian Randell   Reminiscences of Project Y and the ACS
                                  Project  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--66
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67--67
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68--69
                   Amelia Acker   Toward a Hermeneutics of Data  . . . . . 70--75
                 Jack B. Dennis   Machines, Languages, and Computation at
                                  MIT  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76--77
                     Bob Supnik   The Story of SimH  . . . . . . . . . . . 78--80
                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . c2, c1
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1
                      Anonymous   Rock Stars of Cybersecurity House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c3
                      Anonymous   Stay connected House Advertisement . . . c4

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 37, Number 4, 2015

                 Angela Xiao Wu   Historicizing Internet Use in China and
                                  the Problem of the User Figure . . . . . 2--4
                     Dag Spicer   Fernando Corbató: Time-Sharing Pioneer,
                                  Part 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--9
          Ivan da Costa Marques   History of Computing in Latin America
                                  [Guest Editors' introduction]  . . . . . 10--12
                      Anonymous   Editorial Board House Advertisement  . . 13
Ofelia Cervantes-Villagomez and   
       Leandro Rodriguez-Medina   Small Step for Machines, Giant Leap for
                                  Mexico: A Local History of Computing . . 14--28
    Ronny J. Viales-Hurtado and   
 Ana Lucia Calderon-Saravia and   
        David Chavarria-Camacho   Between Matilde and the Internet:
                                  Computerizing the University of Costa
                                  Rica (1968--1993)  . . . . . . . . . . . 29--39
             Raul Jorge Carnota   The Beginning of Computer Science in
                                  Argentina and the Calculus Institute,
                                  1957--1970 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--52
Marcelo Savio Revoredo Menezes de Carvalho and   
        Henrique Luiz Cukierman   The Dawn of the Internet in Brazil . . . 54--63
          Ivan da Costa Marques   Brazil's Computer Market Reserve:
                                  Democracy, Authoritarianism, and
                                  Ruptures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64--75
  Jaquelinne Dominguez Nava and   
  Juan C. Acosta-Guadarrama and   
   Rosa M. Valdovinos-Rosas and   
      Victor H. Solis Ramos and   
           Nely Plata Cesar and   
 Leticia Quintanar Rebollar and   
           Rogelio Davila Perez   A Brief History of Computing in Mexico   76--86
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 87--89
                   Denis Roegel   A Mechanical Calculator for Arithmetic
                                  Sequences (1844--1852): Part 1,
                                  Historical Context and Structure . . . . 90--96
                      Anonymous   Get the Recognition You Deserve House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98--104
                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . c2--1
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers House Advertisement  . . c3
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1
                      Anonymous   Watch the World's Leading Experts Take
                                  Multi-Core Strategies to New Heights
                                  House Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . c4


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 38, Number 1, January / March, 2016

               Nathan Ensmenger   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 2
                Joseph November   Ask Your Doctor \ldots About Computers   3--5
                Julien Mailland   101 Online: American Minitel Network and
                                  Lessons from Its Failure . . . . . . . . 6--22
               Gerardo Con Diaz   Contested Ontologies of Software: The
                                  Story of Gottschalk v. Benson,
                                  1963--1972 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23--33
                 Nicholas Lewis   Peering through the Curtain: Soviet
                                  Computing through the Eyes of Western
                                  Experts  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34--47
               James W. Cortada   Studying History as It Unfolds, Part 2:
                                  Tooling Up the Historians  . . . . . . . 48--59
             Russell J. Robelen   The IBM ACS Project  . . . . . . . . . . 60--74
                     Dag Spicer   Fernando Corbató: Time-Sharing Pioneer,
                                  Part 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75--79
                   Denis Roegel   A Mechanical Calculator for Arithmetic
                                  Sequences (1844--1852): Part 2, Working
                                  Details  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--88
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 89--93
                 Andrew Russell   \booktitleThe innovators: how a group of
                                  hackers, geniuses, and geeks created the
                                  digital revolution (Isaacson, W.; 2014)
                                  [book review]  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94--c3

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 38, Number 2, April / June, 2016

            Fabian Prieto-Nanez   Postcolonial Histories of Computing  . . 2--4
                      Anonymous   Masthead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 6--7
                  Hyungsub Choi   History of Computing in East Asia  . . . 8--10
                Yutaka Hasegawa   History of COMTRAC: Development of the
                                  Innovative Traffic-Control System for
                                  Shinkansen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11--21
                   Ling-Fei Lin   Design Engineering or Factory
                                  Capability? Building Laptop Contract
                                  Manufacturing in Taiwan  . . . . . . . . 22--39
                    Dongoh Park   The Korean Character Code: A National
                                  Controversy, 1987--1995  . . . . . . . . 40--53
                   Andrew Smith   The Industrial Organization of Hong
                                  Kong's Progression Toward a Cashless
                                  Economy (1960s--2000s) . . . . . . . . . 54--65
                 Adam P. Spring   Retrospective Computing and Consumer-Led
                                  Development  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66--71
                     Dag Spicer   Raymond Tomlinson: Email Pioneer, Part 1 72--79
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80--84
                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . c2--1
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society 2016 Call for
                                  Major Award Nominations House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c3
                      Anonymous   Rock Stars of Big Data House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c4

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 38, Number 3, 2016

                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
                      Anonymous   Masthead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
               Nathan Ensmenger   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 4--5
                  Caroline Jack   Meaning and Persuasion: The Personal
                                  Computer and Economic Education  . . . . 6--9
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10--11
             David Hemmendinger   Two Early Interactive Computer Network
                                  Experiments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--24
                Craig Partridge   The Restructuring of Internet Standards
                                  Governance: 1987--1992 . . . . . . . . . 25--43
             Bradley Fidler and   
                  Morgan Currie   Infrastructure, Representation, and
                                  Historiography in BBN's Arpanet Maps . . 44--57
                       John Day   The Clamor Outside as INWG Debated:
                                  Economic War Comes to Networking . . . . 58--77
                     Dag Spicer   Raymond Tomlinson: Email Pioneer, Part 2 78--83
                Linus Nyman and   
                  Mikael Laakso   Notes on the History of Fork and Join    84--87
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 88
                      Anonymous   Caller for Nominations Education Awards
                                  Nominations House Advertisement  . . . . c3
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1
                      Anonymous   Focus on Your Job Search House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c4
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society: Be at the Center
                                  of It All House Advertisement  . . . . . c2

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 38, Number 4, 2016

                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
                   Chigusa Kita   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 3--5
                   Aaron Plasek   On the Cruelty of Really Writing a
                                  History of Machine Learning  . . . . . . 6--8
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society  . . . . . . . . . 9
                Jeffrey R. Yost   Computer Security, Part 2  . . . . . . . 10--11
                 Thomas J. Misa   Computer Security Discourse at RAND,
                                  SDC, and NSA (1958--1970)  . . . . . . . 12--25
             William Aspray and   
               James W. Cortada   Before It Was a Giant: The Early History
                                  of Symantec, 1982--1999  . . . . . . . . 26--41
                Jeffrey R. Yost   The March of IDES: Early History of
                                  Intrusion-Detection Expert Systems . . . 42--54
               Quinn DuPont and   
                 Bradley Fidler   Edge Cryptography and the Codevelopment
                                  of Computer Networks and Cybersecurity   55--73
                 Alvy Ray Smith   The Dawn of Digital Light  . . . . . . . 74--91
                   Denis Roegel   Before Torchi and Schwilgué, There Was
                                  White  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92--93
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews [Book review and Play review]    94--96
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1--c1
                      Anonymous   got flaws? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c4--c4
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society is where You
                                  Choose the Resources that Fit Your
                                  Career . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c3--c3
                      Anonymous   TechIgnite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c2--c2


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 39, Number 1, January / March, 2017

                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1--c1
                      Anonymous   New Membership Options for A Better Fit.
                                  House Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . c2--c2
                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
                      Anonymous   Masthead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
               Nathan Ensmenger   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 4--5
                 Bradley Fidler   Eternal October and the End of
                                  Cyberspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--7
                 Andrew Russell   Reviews [Book review]  . . . . . . . . . 8
           B. Jack Copeland and   
             Andre A. Haeff and   
                Peter Gough and   
                 Cameron Wright   Screen History: The Haeff Memory and
                                  Graphics Tube  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--28
                R. Arvid Nelsen   Race and Computing: The Problem of
                                  Sources, the Potential of Prosopography,
                                  and the Lesson of Ebony Magazine . . . . 29--51
             Zbigniew Stachniak   MCM on Personal Software . . . . . . . . 52--64
               Herbert Bruderer   Early History of Computing in
                                  Switzerland: Discovery of Rare Devices,
                                  Unknown Documents, and Scarcely Known
                                  Facts  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65--72
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society Richard E. Merwin
                                  Student Leadership Scholarship . . . . . c3--c3
                      Anonymous   Focus on Your Job Search House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c4--c4

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 39, Number 2, 2017

                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   Focus on Your Job Search . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
                      Anonymous   Masthead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ??
               Nathan Ensmenger   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 4--5
                  Mitali Thakor   How to Look: Apprehension, Forensic
                                  Craft, and the Classification of Child
                                  Exploitation Images  . . . . . . . . . . 6--8
        Gerardo Con Dìaz   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--11
                      Anonymous   One membership. Unlimited knowledge.
                                  House Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . ??
             Alexander Mirowski   At the Electronic Crossroads Once Again:
                                  The Myth of the Modern Computer Utility
                                  in the United States . . . . . . . . . . 13--29
        Jordi Fornés and   
       Néstor Herran and   
              Luís Duque   Computing for Democracy: The Asociación
                                  de Técnicos de Informática and the
                                  Professionalization of Computing in
                                  Spain  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--48
               William F. Vogel   ``The Spitting Image of a Woman
                                  Programmer'';: Changing Portrayals of
                                  Women in the American Computing
                                  Industry, 1958-1985  . . . . . . . . . . 49--64
              Stephen M. Davies   The Experimental Computer Programme: The
                                  First Computing Initiative for the
                                  National Health Service in England . . . 65--79
                      Anonymous   Nominations are Solicited for the
                                  Seymour Cray, Sidney Fernbach, & Ken
                                  Kennedy Awards House Advertisement . . . ??
                   Paul McJones   In Search of the Original Fortran
                                  Compiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81--88
                     Dag Spicer   CHM Happenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89--90
               Irina Nikivincze   Dana Ulery: Pioneer of Statistical
                                  Computing and Architect of Large,
                                  Complex Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . 91--95
                      Anonymous   New Membership Options for A Better Fit.
                                  House Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   Achieve your career goals with the fit
                                  that's right for you . . . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   myCS House Advertisement . . . . . . . . ??

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 39, Number 3, July / September, 2017

                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
                      Anonymous   Call for Nominees Education Awards
                                  Nominations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
               Nathan Ensmenger   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 4--5
                 Kevin T. Baker   Simulation and `Seduction' at the Policy
                                  Interface  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6--7
                      Anonymous   2017 IEEE-CS Charles Babbage Award . . . 8
               James W. Cortada   IBM Branch Offices: What They Were, How
                                  They Worked, 1920s--1980s  . . . . . . . 9--23
                      Anonymous   myCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
                 Nicholas Lewis   Purchasing Power: Rivalry, Dissent, and
                                  Computing Strategy in Supercomputer
                                  Selection at Los Alamos  . . . . . . . . 25--40
                   Ralf Kneuper   Sixty Years of Software Development Life
                                  Cycle Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41--54
                   Denis Roegel   Carries Stripped to the Bone: Episodes
                                  in the History of Coaxial Modular
                                  Digital Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . 55--64
               David Walden and   
            Hiromichi Hashizume   Desktop Publishing Pioneer Meeting at
                                  Computer History Museum  . . . . . . . . 65--67
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society Harlan D. Mills
                                  Award  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
               Salem Elzway and   
               Kera Jones Allen   Book Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69--71
                      Anonymous   Achieve your career goals with the fit
                                  that's right for you . . . . . . . . . . 72
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1--c1
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society House
                                  Advertisement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c4--c4
                      Anonymous   Looking for the BEST Tech Job for You?   c2--c2
                      Anonymous   New Membership Options for a Better Fit  c3--c3

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 39, Number 4, 2017

                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   Looking for the BEST Tech Job for You?   ??
                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
               Nathan Ensmenger   From the Editor's Desk . . . . . . . . . 3--4
          Björn Westergard   Do Computers Follow Rules Once Followed
                                  by Workers?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5--8
               Janet Abbate and   
                   Elinor Carmi   Reviews  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9--11
               Corinna Schlombs   The ``IBM Family'': American Welfare
                                  Capitalism, Labor, and Gender in Postwar
                                  Germany  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--26
              Elizabeth Petrick   Imagining the Personal Computer:
                                  Conceptualizations of the Homebrew
                                  Computer Club 1975--1977 . . . . . . . . 27--39
          Alexandre Hocquet and   
  Frédéric Wieber   ``Only the Initiates Will Have the
                                  Secrets Revealed'': Computational
                                  Chemists and the Openness of Scientific
                                  Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40--58
                  Timo Leimbach   Path Creation in the Software Industry
                                  --- The Case of Software AG  . . . . . . 59--80
               Irina Nikivincze   Anne-Louise Guichard Radimsky: An
                                  Educator and a Champion for Diversity in
                                  Computing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81--84
                   Paul McJones   The LISP 2 Project . . . . . . . . . . . 85--92
               David Walden and   
                     Dag Spicer   Events and Sightings . . . . . . . . . . 93--96
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society: Be at the Center
                                  of It All  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ??
                      Anonymous   myCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ??


IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 40, Number 1, January / March, 2018

                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
               Nathan Ensmenger   The History of Design in Computing . . . 3--4
                      Anonymous   Masthead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
                     Dag Spicer   Oral History of Dame Stephanie Shirley   6--17
                      Anonymous   IEEE Computer Society Information  . . . 18
            Liesbeth De Mol and   
           Bullynck Maarten and   
              Edgar G. Daylight   Less Is More in the Fifties: Encounters
                                  between Logical Minimalism and Computer
                                  Design during the 1950s  . . . . . . . . 19--45
         Konstantina Dritsa and   
       Dimitris Mitropoulos and   
             Diomidis Spinellis   Aspects of the History of Computing in
                                  Modern Greece  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47--60
                  David Halsted   The Origins of the Architectural
                                  Metaphor in Computing: Design and
                                  Technology at IBM, 1957--1964  . . . . . 61--70
                   Thomas Haigh   Thomas Harold (``Tommy'') Flowers:
                                  Designer of the Colossus Codebreaking
                                  Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72--82
               Michael Williams   The First Public Discussion of the
                                  Secret Colossus Project  . . . . . . . . 84--87
                 Roli Varma and   
                  Owen Marshall   Reviews of Recent Publications by Aspray
                                  and Nelson [2 books reviewed]  . . . . . 88--91
                 Theodora Dryer   Algorithms under the Reign of
                                  Probability  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93--96
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1--c1

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 40, Number 2, 2018

                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
               Nathan Ensmenger   The Local and the Global in the History
                                  of Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--4
                      Anonymous   Masthead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
                 David C. Brock   Oral History of Joe Thompson . . . . . . 6--16
                      Ben Allen   Common Language: Business Programming
                                  Languages and the Legibility of
                                  Programming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--31
                Philip L. Frana   Telematics and the Early History of
                                  International Digital Information Flows  32--47
                     Eric Hintz   Susan Kare: Design Icon  . . . . . . . . 48--61
                   Yngvar Lundh   A Slice of Norway's Computing History    62--72
                 Mate Szabo and   
                Amanda Wick and   
            Hiromichi Hashizume   The House of Arts, Brno; Jean Sammet
                                  Collection; and IPSJ Convention  . . . . 73--79
           David Alan Grier and   
             David Hemmendinger   Reviews of Recent Publications [Two
                                  books reviewed: Thomas Haigh, Mark
                                  Priestley, and Crispin Rope,
                                  \booktitleENIAC in Action: Making and
                                  Remaking the Modern Computer. Cambridge:
                                  MIT Press, 2016. 366 pp. ISBN:
                                  978-0-262-03398-5. Thomas J. Misa and
                                  Jeffrey R. Yost, \booktitleFastLane:
                                  Managing Science in the Internet World,
                                  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University
                                  Press, 2015. 224 pp. ISBN:
                                  978-1-4214-1868-1] . . . . . . . . . . . 80--84
                 Roderic Crooks   Critical Failure: Computer-Aided
                                  Instruction and the Fantasy of
                                  Information  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85--88
                      Anonymous   CS Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . c3
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1
                      Anonymous   LOSC Ad  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c4
                      Anonymous   Student Membership Ad  . . . . . . . . . c2

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Volume 40, Number 3, 2018

                      Anonymous   Table of Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . 1--2
                Burton Grad and   
             David Hemmendinger   Desktop Publishing: Laying the
                                  Foundation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3--6
                      Anonymous   Masthead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
            Jonathan W. Seybold   Rocappi: Computerizing the Publishing
                                  Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8--24
                  Douglas Drane   How Atex Helped an Industry Change the
                                  World  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--29
               Jonathan Seybold   More about Atex  . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--36
                      Anonymous   Compsac Ad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
              Robert F. Sproull   The Xerox Alto Publishing Platform . . . 38--54
             Lawrence G. Tesler   How Modeless Editing Came To Be  . . . . 55--67
                John E. Warnock   The Origins of PostScript  . . . . . . . 68--76
                      Anonymous   TSUSC House Ad . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
             Barbara Beeton and   
                 Karl Berry and   
                   David Walden   \TeX: A Branch of Desktop Publishing,
                                  Part 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78--93
                      Anonymous   CS Info House Ad . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
                   David Walden   Interview with Charles Bigelow . . . . . 95--103
                      Anonymous   Social Networking House Ad . . . . . . . 104
                 Akihiko Yamada   IPSJ Certifies 100 IP Technology
                                  Heritage Artifacts in 10 Years . . . . . 105--112
                      Anonymous   Call for Papers  . . . . . . . . . . . . c2
                      Anonymous   Front Cover  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c1
                      Anonymous   LOCS House Ad  . . . . . . . . . . . . . c3
                      Anonymous   Membership House Ad  . . . . . . . . . . c4


Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation
Volume 2, Number 15, July, 1946

            H. H. Goldstine and   
                Adele Goldstine   The Electronic Numerical Integrator and
                                  Computer (ENIAC) . . . . . . . . . . . . 97--110


Scientific American
Volume 200, Number 6, June, 1959

        Derek J. de Solla Price   An Ancient Greek Computer  . . . . . . . 60--67


Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series
Volume 64, Number 7, November, 1974

      Derek John de Solla Price   Gears from the Greeks: the Antikythera
                                  mechanism, a calendar computer from ca.
                                  80 B.C.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--70


American Scientist
Volume 63, Number 5, September, 1975

                 Robert A. Nash   Book Review: \booktitleGears from the
                                  Greeks: The Antikythera Mechanism --- A
                                  Calendar Computer from ca. 80 B.C. by
                                  Derek de Solla Price . . . . . . . . . . 594


Centaurus: An International Journal of the History of Science and its Cultural Aspects
Volume 20, Number 2, 1976

                 S. M. Ashfaque   Review: \booktitleGears from Greeks ---
                                  Antikythera Mechanism --- Calendar
                                  Computer from ca 80 BC --- by D. D.
                                  Price  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175--176


The Classical World
Volume 70, Number 3, November, 1976

             Theodore N. Ballin   Book Review: \booktitleGears from the
                                  Greeks, The Antikythera Mechanism: A
                                  Calendar Computer from ca. 80 B.C. by
                                  Derek de Solla Price . . . . . . . . . . 202


Technology and Culture
Volume 17, Number 1, January, 1976

                A. G. Drachmann   Book Review: \booktitleGears from the
                                  Greeks: The Antikythera Mechanism: A
                                  Calendar Computer from ca. 80 B.C. by
                                  Derek de Solla Price . . . . . . . . . . 112--116


Scientific American
Volume 234, Number 4, April, 1976

                 Stillman Drake   Galileo and the First Mechanical
                                  Computing Device . . . . . . . . . . . . 104--113


The Classical Review
Volume 27, Number 1, 1977

               A. M. P. Brookes   Book Review: \booktitleGears from the
                                  Greeks, by Derek de Solla Price. The
                                  Antikythera Mechanism: A Calendar
                                  Computer from ca. 80 B.C.  . . . . . . . 94--95


Isis
Volume 68, Number 1, March, 1977

                    J. D. North   Book Review: Derek de Solla Price:
                                  \booktitleGears from the Greeks: The
                                  Antikythera Mechanism. A Calendar
                                  Computer from ca. 80 B.C.  . . . . . . . 142--143


Phoenix
Volume 31, Number 3, Autumn, 1977

              John Peter Oleson   Book Review: \booktitleGears from the
                                  Greeks: The Antikythera Mechanism --- a
                                  Calendar Computer from ca. 80 B.C. by
                                  Derek de Solla Price . . . . . . . . . . 271--273


British Journal for the History of Science
Volume 11, Number 1, March, 1978

             Norman A. F. Smith   Book Review: \booktitleAntiquity Gears
                                  from the Greeks: The Antikythera
                                  Mechanism --- a Calendar Computer from
                                  ca. 80 B.C. by Derek de Solla Price. New
                                  York: Science History Publications,
                                  1975. Pp. 70. \$8.50}  . . . . . . . . . 77--78


IEEE Micro
Volume 4, Number 1, February, 1984

                   L. R. Morris   Price, Derek, Desolla and the
                                  Antikythera Mechanism --- An
                                  Appreciation 1922--1983 --- Obituary . . 15--21


Centaurus: An International Journal of the History of Science and its Cultural Aspects
Volume 29, Number 1, March, 1986

               Allan G. Bromley   Notes on the Antikythera Mechanism . . . 5--27


Computer
Volume 41, Number 5, May, 2008

             Diomidis Spinellis   The Antikythera Mechanism: a Computer
                                  Science Perspective  . . . . . . . . . . 22--27


Computer
Volume 44, Number 7, July, 2011

            Michael Edmunds and   
                    Tony Freeth   Using Computation to Decode the First
                                  Known Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--39


Perspectives on Science
Volume 21, Number 3, Fall, 2013

          Martin Campbell-Kelly   Remembering Michael S. Mahoney . . . . . 379--383